In the Russian Federation told about the first reusable space rocket
The test of the first reusable return missiles scheduled in Russia for 2022 year, reports RIA News a message from the head of the project group of the Advanced Research Foundation (FPI) Boris Satovsky.
He said that the Roskosmos and UAC engineers are working on the program of the reusable space-rocket system of the ultralight class. An advance design of the returned missile block has already been completed.
According to Satovsky, the scheme provides for the separation of the first stage of the carrier at an altitude of about 60 km and its return to the launch area with a landing on the runway. Upon return, a modified serial turbojet will be used. The unit will be equipped with a rectangular wing and tail.
The system itself is designed to put into orbit up to 600 kg of payload. Calculations showed that the cost of the output will be in 1,5-2 times cheaper than that of conventional missiles of the same class. It is assumed that each unit will be able to make 50 flights without replacing the main engines. For them, the cryogenic mixture “liquid oxygen - liquefied methane” will serve as fuel.
Missiles will be launched from mobile complexes.
When developing, the backlog of the project of the reusable accelerator "Baikal" is involved. The engineers analyzed the reserve for the return stage, compared the alternative arrangements, and calculated the heat transfer and gas dynamics on the return path.
Satovsky also said that the project’s elaboration “showed sufficient technological readiness to create a demonstrator”.
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