Military Review

Bright economic future of Bulgaria

68
The three-year budget forecast, adopted by the Bulgarian government along with the main macroeconomic parameters for the next three years (up to 2020), is full of optimism.




Experts of the largest bank in Bulgaria have firmly stated that 2018 will be a record year in terms of economic growth - 4,4% (according to government calculations, this figure will be 3,9%). This achievement will put Bulgaria among the top three in the European Union. The position of the Bulgarian National Bank is also similar, also looking with great optimism at the economic growth of 2018 in the year, which will reach 4,2%. Experts believe that from this point on there will come a gradual slowdown in economic growth, which, however, will remain good: growth in 3,8 and 3,7% in the next two years.

Over the entire three-year period, inflation will not exceed 1,9% without creating a threat to the purchasing power and living standards of the population. This level is favorable for the economy, especially against the background of the current deflation.

In 2018, GDP will reach record highs for all stories Bulgaria volume: 52 billion euros. Together with inflation and GDP growth, the minimum wage, which is regulated by the government, will increase. From the current 260 euro (19669,74 rub.) To 1 January 2021, it should rise to 305 euro (23074,12 rub.) Per month. The increase will lead to an increase in wages in the non-governmental sector. So far, they have grown by about 10% per year (second place in the EU after Romania), and this growth will continue as the pay difference in Bulgaria and Europe is 1: 5 (15 years ago the difference was 1: 25). In this regard, the share of the consolidated state budget in GDP, i.e. the funds that the state withholds through taxes and fees, which are levied on business and citizens, and then redistributes in the form of government subsidies and benefits, will gradually decrease by 36,1%. This is a positive trend, especially against the background of maintaining the level of current taxes or, more precisely, the single flat tax of 10% for businesses and individuals.

Positive development is also expected with respect to government debt, which will gradually decrease to a level of around 18% of GDP. This is an exceptionally good economic achievement, and it puts Bulgaria on the leading positions in the list of least indebted European countries. Especially since the budget deficit will gradually disappear completely (in the 2020 year, when the revenues and expenditures of the state level off).

At the moment, Bulgaria has accumulated foreign exchange reserves in the amount of 23,5 billion euros. In 1990, the reserves were only 300 million dollars, and external debt exceeded GDP by 2-2,5 times, which led even to a declaration of default at one time.

The unemployment rate from the current 6,6% is expected to drop to 5,7%, and in the last year of the medium-term forecast it will drop to 5,4%. Economic growth is usually accompanied by both capital growth and an increase in the number of employees. It turns out that in Bulgaria there is no longer a free hired labor force that would ensure further growth, therefore the government envisages measures to attract foreign labor.
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  1. Cxnumx
    Cxnumx April 25 2018 05: 37
    +4
    I wonder why such forecasts of GDP growth? and good luck, let them grow.
    1. avt
      avt April 25 2018 07: 35
      0
      Quote: K0
      and good luck, let them grow.

      Exactly . Well, about
      It turns out that in Bulgaria there is no longer free wage labor that would ensure further growth, therefore the government provides for measures to attract foreign labor.
      So it’s also decided, the Germans are over, and the tsar was in Germany of German blood, since God himself ordered the experience to take over, brought ... the Turks, well, the Bulgarians can invite Turkish migrant workers. bully
      1. dzvero
        dzvero April 25 2018 08: 57
        +2
        smile Invite from the former Soviet republics. I heard on the radio a very entertaining thought of one of the ministers. We don’t have any shepherds; we will import from Kazakhstan and their neighbors, such as their experience is enormous. There are no rescuers on the beaches either, ours have left for Spain with Italy, we will be recruiting to / from Ukraine. The salary will be at a minimum, since at home they receive 50-100 euros and 300 for them will be oh-hoo ... So the Turks are not worth that kind of money - African immigrants will not be born smile The last to submit is not work, but a German social program of 800 euros smile
        There is really a shortage of experienced personnel in the Black Sea resorts and if you are visiting there, it is quite possible that people from Moldova or Ukraine will serve you (according to statistics).
        1. To be or not to be
          To be or not to be April 25 2018 11: 05
          +1
          "You will be served by people from Moldova or Ukraine (according to statistics)."
          It is clear. Bulgaria has become a European power ..
          How many young people escaped to Europe ??
          But on what level has the country gone up !!
          On April 26, the Military Committee of the European Union will meet in Sofia in the format of military representatives of 28 member countries of the Union. Representatives of the European Commission also participate in the meeting. European External Action Service and the EU Military Secretariat.

          On April 26, 2018, from 14.00 p.m., they will visit Graf Ignatievo’s 3rd Avb, where they will watch a demonstration of the military capabilities of the Bulgarian Air Force (.. how can I smile or let a tear go?). The demonstration is also attended by military personnel of 68 brigades of the Special Forces.
          1. dzvero
            dzvero April 25 2018 11: 27
            +3
            You're right. About a fifth of the population went to the West, and the most active one. Some of them emigrated, some on earnings.
            Most likely, the situation here can be compared with the situation in the Russian outback - someone went to the regional center, someone to the capital. Someone forever, someone for a year, two or five. The processes are the same. Someone took a chance and started in a strange place 'from scratch', someone found a good job at home, someone was unlucky ...
            And about the army ... let's not.
            1. To be or not to be
              To be or not to be April 25 2018 11: 51
              +1
              dzvero (Ivo)
              "And about the army ... let's not." I agree..
              Unfortunately, there’s nothing to talk about ..
              In the 90s of the last century, Bezmer was at the airport. There was a training and combat .. planes were constantly taking off and landing
          2. pytar
            April 25 2018 11: 34
            +3
            How many young people escaped to Europe ??

            The main part of those who escaped belong to the period from 1990-2007, before the entry of Bulgaria into the EU. Then emigration began to decline. Recently, though uncertainly, the reverse process has been observed. If the economic situation in Bulgaria improves, many will return. There is a noticeable decrease in those wishing to emigrate among students. The trend is positive and we hope that it will intensify with time.

            But on what level has the country gone up !!

            The process is positive and it is a fact. Negatives emanate from the previous state, which between the others is a consequence of the collapse of socialism.
            A little more info:
            In 2017, Bulgaria ranked 36 number one among 127 countries in terms of innovation development, according to data from the annual Global Innovation Index report. In 2016, the country ranked 38, and in 2015, 39.
            Bulgaria scored 74.42 points, falling into the category of countries with medium-high social progress (Social Progress Index 2017). For comparison, in the 2016, Bulgaria scored 72.17 points. In terms of GDP per capita, Bulgaria ranked 47 with 17 thousand dollars.
            At the beginning of 2018, Bulgaria was ranked 56th in the ranking of the best countries in the world by US News & World Report magazine. The country has moved up several positions compared to the beginning of 2017, when it was in 63rd place.

            The European Union Military Committee will meet on April 9 in Sofia in the format of military representatives of 26 countries

            Probably we are talking about discussing the idea of ​​creating a pan-European Armed Forces.

            26 April 2018 from 14.00 h. Will visit 3 Avb Graf Ignatievo, where they will watch a demonstration of the military capabilities of the Bulgarian Air Force (.. how to smile or let a tear go?).

            Well, several MiG-29 repaired, and recently signed a contract with RSK MiG for repairs and the rest. They are going to buy new ones and new ones, so there is a development on this topic.
            1. The comment was deleted.
        2. pytar
          April 25 2018 13: 17
          +1
          Here is the latest news on the topic:
          "This year, Ukrainians, Moldovans and Vietnamese will serve tourists in “Albena”. 1200 foreigners - Ukrainians, Moldovans, Bessarabian Bulgarians and Vietnamese will serve tourists this year in Albena, reports 24 Hour, citing Margarita Todorova, director of Marketing and Sales. This is about 35% of the entire resort staff, she specified. There are no requirements for knowledge of the Bulgarian language, foreigners will work as cook assistants, cooks, waiters, maids and bartenders, Todorova explained. "
    2. dzvero
      dzvero April 25 2018 07: 50
      +4
      When pushing off the bottom and not possible smile So Yet 4% are slightly different from German 2% smile
      As for unemployment in my opinion is somewhat optimistic. Most likely the situation we have is like yours — in the capital there are really not enough workers or two or three large cities and resorts in the capital, but in some places the province is completely hopeless. Yes, and the salary fork is substantial. My friend works in the capital for a dairy company. Worker, on the line ... Salary varies in the range of 700-1100 $ 'pure'. In the province, $ 400-500 is already a 'dirty' luxury. (Taxes and other approximately 24%).
      1. pytar
        April 25 2018 08: 32
        +2
        Ivo, hello! The problem with the technical staff is! Engineers especially in construction are clearly not enough! Doctors too. Too many lawyers and various incomprehensible humanities have proliferated. As for salaries, it all depends on location. But the fact that overall wages have risen over the past 5 years is undeniable.
        1. dzvero
          dzvero April 25 2018 08: 46
          +1
          Oh, oh, you won’t find a good frezist in the afternoon with fire! And the rest of the working profession is not held in high esteem. Although the movement seems to be reversed. Some of the son’s friends just went to the “workers” and earn very good money - about 1500 - 2000 euros. True, their business in the capital smile Yes, and the son went this way, despite the 'tower' and sometimes even helps with money and labor at home smile
          1. pytar
            April 25 2018 09: 04
            +1
            Unquestionably, the need from skilled hands and craftsmen will increase. Those who focused on technical skills, without work will not remain. But pupils of all sorts of humanitarian colleges there, I will have problems ... Everyone wants to sit at the bureau and be the first, but not as ... laughing By the way from Moldova were going to take the workers. It will be great if we simplify the acquisition of Bulgarian citizenship for the Bulgarian diasporas living in the territories of the former USSR. Now, many young Bulgarians from these regions are studying at Bulgarian universities.
            1. avt
              avt April 25 2018 09: 26
              +1
              Quote: pytar
              By the way, workers were going to take from Moldova.

              But no! Izh dreaming! And who will work in Moscow then? Moldavians have been working on a rotational basis in Moscow for a long time.
              1. pytar
                April 25 2018 09: 40
                +3
                Moldovans have long been working in shifts in Moscow.

                Are all Moldovans working in Moscow? belay
                I have a lot of friends in Moldova who ask to help them go to work in Bulgaria with documents. Yes, and with Ukraine go to us. Strangely enough, they come from the Russian Federation, but most of them open their own business. Who deals with real estate, who in the services sector, and I personally have friends Russian living in BG, who are engaged with IT-business working on the Internet.
                1. avt
                  avt April 25 2018 13: 33
                  0
                  Quote: pytar
                  Are all Moldovans working in Moscow?

                  Tajiks with Uzbeks are damping in Moscow, that's someone
                  Quote: pytar
                  I have a bunch of acquaintances in Moldova who ask me to help them with documents go to work in Bulgaria.
                  Even professional poor gypsies from Moldova were squeezed by Tajik gypsies bully
            2. Severski
              Severski April 25 2018 15: 25
              +1
              Moldovans have visa-free travel with the European Union. And instead of going to Germany, they would suddenly go to Bulgaria. :)))))
    3. pytar
      April 25 2018 08: 36
      +1
      I wonder what makes such forecasts of GDP growth? and so good luck, let them grow

      Expand production and export grows. By the way, and with the Russian trade turnover, too, despite the sanctions. For the fifth year in a row, the economy has grown with 3-3,8%. In 2017, GDP reached 50 billion euros. It was a record, so according to calculations in 2018, it may well reach 52 billion euros. At the end of January, the fiscal reserve is 5,6 billion euro.
  2. Oleg Jacket
    Oleg Jacket April 25 2018 09: 23
    +1
    it was smooth on paper yes forgot about the ravines winked
    although good luck if so
    1. pytar
      April 25 2018 09: 42
      +1
      it was smooth on paper yes forgot about the ravines

      And the problems are enough! Two of them are very serial! I would say fatally dangerous! Demographic crisis and corruption. Everything else is not so important.
  3. alatanas
    alatanas April 25 2018 10: 27
    0
    In 2018, GDP will reach a record volume in the history of Bulgaria: 52 billion euros.

    The author probably means the newest history, that is, after 1989.
    1. pytar
      April 25 2018 11: 40
      +1
      The author probably means the newest history, that is, after 1989.

      It is very difficult to assess the market value of the GDP and the ego of the current equivalent in non-market economies, which was socialist before the 90s. The numbers vary and you can argue about them endlessly.
      1. Mordvin 3
        Mordvin 3 April 25 2018 11: 50
        0
        Quote: pytar
        It is very difficult to assess the market value of GDP and ego the current equivalent in non-market economies, which was socialist until the 90-ies.

        Boyan. hi Studied the economy of your country just in 89. She almost fed the entire Union. Tomatoes, something else there, I really do not remember. I wonder where it all went?
        1. pytar
          April 25 2018 12: 10
          +1
          Studied the economy of your country just in 89. She almost fed the entire Union. Tomatoes, something else there, I really do not remember. I wonder where it all went?

          Mostly in the EU. But there are 2 fundamental differences from the former socialist time. Earlier agriculture developed mainly according to the extensive type. Chase for quantities. Now vydya on competitive markets, had to reorganize to the intensive type. This implies a change in the overall structure depending on the demand of the markets. For example, I will give winemaking. Earlier grapes varieties of the best type were not grown and wine of the lowest quality was produced. Less wine is produced now, but with good quality. Bulgarian wines are increasingly receiving awards at international exhibitions.
          The second feature is the quota principle in the EU. Bulgaria ego bypasses selling agricultural products to others (mostly the neighboring Balkan countries), which resell it under their brands and so fill out their export quotas. For example, Greek cheese is not the best than the Bulgarian and the Greeks buy the Bulgarian by putting it in Greek packages. Exported and in countries outside the EU and there growth over 2017 g. Even more - 25,45%. In general, Bulgarian exports to 2017 have grown from 11% compared to 2016, bringing the country 26,1 billion euro! At the same time, the export of industrial products overtakes the total (12%), making up 25% of the total export. There is still a deficit / for 2017 g. 700 million euros. / In the trade balance, but it is declining. Almost 80% of this deficit is generated from Russia, from where energy resources are imported. Bulgarian exports to Russia in 6 are less than imports. Decreasing the disproportion in these indicators is also a solution to the problem with a general deficit.
          1. Mordvin 3
            Mordvin 3 April 25 2018 12: 22
            0
            Quote: pytar
            Chased for quantities.

            But I do not agree a bit. Today in Germany they sell the same tomatoes at a price three times higher than those that are grown using modern technology. Natural product. Tomatoes from the ground are many times tastier than those that are currently sold in stores, rubber. And your products are highly appreciated in the USSR. And then they drove the rubbish, such as "Sunny Breg."
            1. pytar
              April 25 2018 12: 30
              +2
              Natural products. Tomatoes from the ground are many times tastier than those now sold in stores, rubber.

              Of course you are right! good But I forgot to mention that eco-products are being made in Bulgaria! UTB should become a visiting card of Bulgarian vegetables and ideally responds to the natural conditions in the country. Fortunately, after the closure of most smoking and polluting plants, the environment has drastically improved.
              "Sunny Beach" and now produced, with the range of grown. yes I personally prefer the light wines and Bulgarian beers. drinks I do not like strong alcohol.
              1. pakria go
                pakria go April 25 2018 20: 05
                0
                Apparently, it's too late. People who know how to cultivate the land have already grown old or have died, and new generations no longer know how or left for different Belgians and France to blacks and Arabs ... Moreover, Bulgarian supermarkets (such as Bills), which obviously belong to foreigners, simply do not access to local Bulgarian agricultural products. In addition to a few varieties of wine. But the current Bulgarian wines are noticeably worse than those that were under the USSR (Tamyanka, Bear Blood, Melnik ...). You can safely drink only vermouth (Chio-chio-san) or Cherven Pelin. Wine has to be tasted. About 70% of the best Bulgarian grapes and wine materials are exported by Italian or French companies, make their own wine and sell around the world under their own brands (of course, not top-end). For its grapes and wine materials are simply not enough.
                In the villages, rarely are some Bulgarians able to make wine at least somehow (he was very surprised!), They steadily drive only their moonshine (brandy), completely unable to clean it from fusel oils and other rubbish. I just showed my neighbor what a precipitate of trash fell out of the best in the village of Rakiika, so he abruptly stopped buying it ... So the wine culture of my father (and mine too) is simply unattainable for Bulgarians!
                1. pytar
                  April 25 2018 21: 35
                  +1
                  Apparently, it's too late. People who can cultivate the land have already grown old or died, and new generations are no longer able or have left ...

                  Half a century of socialism has destroyed the class of farmers, who traditionally grow crops in villages. Anyway, the land is processed, by those who have thrust and interest. There are many of those.
                  In addition, the Bulgarian supermarket chains (such as Billa) ... there is simply no access to local Bulgarian agricultural products.

                  In Bulgaria, agriculture is seasonal. In the summer, few people buy imported vegetables. Bulgarian tastier and they are both in the markets and in supermarkets. I personally buy only Bulgarian! Also personally familiar with the Bulgarian producers, whose greenhouse vegetables are sold out of season in these stores. There are also Bulgarian networks.
                  2017Fruit production in Bulgaria over the past 5 years has grown by 61%. The areas where fruit crops are cultivated increased by 42%. In Bulgaria, production of raspberries (+ 73,2%) and apricots (+ 52%) increased the most. The volume of production growth took place against the background of export growth. Thus, over the past five years, exports of Bulgarian fruits increased from 58 873 tons in 2012 year to 83 317 tons last year, which amounted to (+ 43%). Bulgarian fruits enjoyed the greatest demand in Italy — where 17,5% went, in Germany (10,7%) and Romania (10,2%). "
                  November 2017, XNUMX "On the counters of shops in Bulgaria 90% of Bulgarian dairy products. Currently, the 93 distribution network has% of all chicken eggs and 63% of chicken are Bulgarian. Also this year there has been an increase in sales of local vegetables and fruits by 28."
                  In addition to a few varieties of wine. But the current Bulgarian wines are noticeably worse than those in the USSR (Tamyanka, Bear blood, Melnik ...).

                  Bulgaria is among the top five world leaders in wine quality. In the past three years, Bulgaria has been among the top five gold medal winners at all prestigious international tasting competitions. Grape plantings increase annually on 1 000 hectares. The production of high-quality wine is also increasing annually, and export volumes have steadily increased over the past five years - per year by 2 million liters. So, in 2014, Bulgaria exported 58 million liters of wine, in 2015 - 60 / at the vineyards of 60 thousand. hectares /, in 2016 - 62 million liters. Those. There is a steady increase in exports. In 2016, 128 million liters were produced.
                  It is safe to drink only vermouth (Chio-chio-san) or Cherven Pelin.

                  Muck negative But the taste and the color of the comrades are not there, so that as you like.
                  In the villages, rarely what Bulgarians somehow know how to make wine (he himself was very surprised!), They consistently drive only their own moonshine (rakiya), ... So the culture of my father’s winemaking (and mine too) is simply unattainable for Bulgarians!

                  Well, if you have no one to brag, then you can! laughing drinks
          2. alatanas
            alatanas April 25 2018 14: 40
            0
            Quote: pytar
            Previously, agriculture developed mainly by extension type

            And now it does not develop at all (in Bulgaria) - only grain latifundists use euro money, as they grow in yeast, and then at the expense of those who rent land from them.
            1. pytar
              April 25 2018 16: 45
              +1
              And now it does not develop at all (in Bulgaria) - only grain latifundists use euro money, as they grow in yeast, and then at the expense of those who rent land from them.

              Alexander, who wanted to work, took hold and made a mastery! I know many of these! New harvesters, tractors and all modern machinery purchased. On eurodig And what's wrong with that? Not at the expense of tenants, but at the expense of those who cannot or do not want to cultivate their land! Since the end of 90, the land has been restituted by former owners! Socialism with ego forced collectivization interrupted the family tradition in agriculture! Not everyone could and wanted to engage in agriculture! That rent!
              It is true that the grain in the top. Under capitalism, which brings more profit with less spending, it is grown! Now Bulgaria produces more grain than Greece, Croatia and Portugal combined! Almost 9 million ton! In 2000, BG produced a total of 3,5 ppm. Vegetables are less produced, but the quality is good. Vineyards are moving to upscale varieties. What the market requires is what will be!
              1. pakria go
                pakria go April 25 2018 19: 42
                +1
                Under socialism everywhere (both in the USSR and Bulgaria) strictly observed the principles of crop rotation, so as not to deplete the soil, and in general, agricultural science was held in high esteem. And now, under capitalism in Bulgaria, every year only two crops are INTENSIVELY grown on the same fields - either sunflower or cereal (as allowed by the EU). This is a direct road to soil depletion! The land is cultivated (plowed) illiterate, there is soil erosion. The Chinese were let into the north-west of Bulgaria and given them land for rent - they would simply kill the soil in three to five years with their chemicals, and after them the land would cease to give birth to 20 years! At the market in Pleven (I happen a couple of times a year) there is NOTHING Bulgarian except tobacco! Tomatoes, cucumbers, radishes, figs, walnuts - all from Turkey !!! Sometimes from Poland. Watermelons (melons, bulg.), That in Sofia, in Veliko Tarnovo (was a passage) are also not local, and they simply can’t be eaten, a solid, watery, tasteless ammonium nitrate! And watermelons from Chimkent (Kazakhstan) or Upper Baskunchak (Russia) are not suitable for soles !!! Real neighbors grow tomatoes in Bulgaria in their garden, and even then the hostess is a German from the USSR. And the best in Bulgaria are walnuts, hazelnuts and grapes - in my yard. Because these are not industrial grape varieties, but rare dessert ones.
                So the current capitalist intensification of Bulgarian agriculture is a dead end! And GMO culture! Transnaz. companies like the American Monsanta, through fake Bulgarian companies, buy from the type of "inept" people in the communities of agricultural land, and then intensively exploit them. Now they grabbed Ukraine ...
                1. pytar
                  April 25 2018 21: 46
                  +1
                  The whole post is filled with incorrect curing, for the exclusion of the fact of too intensive use of soil and the use of more and more modified varieties. It is the same in Russia and around the world. I also go to the same markets, moreover, regularly. There are imported, there are our Bulgarian. In the summer, few people buy imported products, as Bulgarian producers fill the markets. Critical evaluations take place in a situation, but they are incomparably less than similar ones in the Russian Federation. What was under socialism, you should not be discouraged. Ego 30 years as there is, while it collapsed first in the USSR, and then in BG.
              2. The comment was deleted.
          3. pakria go
            pakria go April 25 2018 20: 32
            0
            Boyan Ivanov wrote:
            [/ quote] For example, I will give winemaking. Previously cultivated grape varieties are not the best type and produced wine with low quality. Less wine is being produced now, but with good quality. Increasingly, Bulgarian wines receive awards at international exhibitions. [Quote]


            Surprisingly, medals are rarely seen on the labels of bottles with decent Bulgarian wine. It is understandable - in the EU, about 70% (or maybe more) of the best Bulgarian grapes and wine materials are exported by Italian or French companies, make their own wine and sell around the world under their own brands (of course, not top brands). For its grapes and wine materials are simply not enough. But the Bulgarians get it, which is worse. The current Bulgarian wines are noticeably worse than those that were under the USSR (Tamyanka, Bear Blood, Melnik ...). You can safely drink only vermouth (Chio-chio-san) or Cherven Pelin. You have to always try the wine. There is a good simple and inexpensive wine Sofia (white and red). Very decent wine is available in the southwest, in Melnik. The grape variety itself is very good.
            There is no connection between the quality of the current Bulgarian wine and new grape varieties! Of the Melnik and Cabernet grapes (less commonly Pinot-franc and Muscat of Hamburg), which were traditionally grown in Bulgaria, before, under socialism, a very decent wine was made, because the technology worked out for decades was observed. After 1989, Bulgarian wine production lost (together with critical technologists) or simply simplified the technology, and began to drive outright palette.
            By the way, in the villages it is still rare that some Bulgarians even know how to make wine (he himself was very surprised!), They stably drive only their moonshine (brandy), completely not being able to clean it from fusel oils and other rubbish. I just showed my neighbor what a precipitate of trash fell out of the best in the village of Rakiika, so he abruptly stopped buying it ... So the wine culture of my father (and mine too) is simply unattainable for Bulgarians!
            After many of the remaining vineyards became controlled by foreigners under EU conditions, they began to cultivate high-yielding grape varieties of the Pinot Franc type with industrial mechanized processing. Production technology has also returned, but it is already standard Western. No miracles! Under socialism, in Bulgaria there were wines at the level of a modern "garage" (non-mass) French wine, and today there are ordinary, unremarkable wines, as elsewhere in the EU. That's just Pelin original and good.
            1. pytar
              April 25 2018 22: 04
              +1
              I personally am not an expert on wine and usually consult with my friends who are professionally involved with this business. But there is an indisputable fact that Bulgaria exports almost half of its products and receives serialized parishes with this industry. Winemaking is in the sunrise, and someone like or dislike, most likely is a matter of personal choice. Here is one expert opinion, albeit from 2012. Since that time, many things have changed for the better:

              Here are a few introductory video.

              1. pakria go
                pakria go April 26 2018 12: 55
                0
                Boyan Ivanov! Yes, you just keep us all for idiots! But maybe you do not understand the meaning of the Russian language? I think that the meaning is clear even without linguistic nuances.
                To begin with, I will comment on that complete nonsense that your Russian icon from the video on YouTube carried.
                This illiterate woman praises the whole video NOT WINE, but FRUIT ALCOHOL Tinctures (cordial) from different berries and fruits. There is NO wine there! Wine is a STRICTLY Grapes processing product !!! Your Bulgarian DOES NOT make any wine, neither domestic nor industrial! One person (or even with his surname, 3-5 people) can process a vineyard and make home-made wine from grapes only 120-200-maximum 350 liters per year! Depending on the quality and yield of grapes. This is barely enough only for yourself and close relatives. DO NOT EARN MONEY ON THIS !!! Only a large economy with hired labor. Another thing is the berry-fruit tinctures from berries and fruits of any quality, even from crushed free non-standard. Trees and shrubs need much less maintenance.
                This woman also carries nonsense about sugar. Several times he repeats that there is NO sugar in “wine”, it’s even possible for diabetics to drink it, and then he says that this “wine” is sweet, well, just kompotik (Ha !!!!). If the percentage of alcohol after natural alcoholic fermentation reaches 10-11 (then wild yeast simply dies from the alcohol produced by them), this means that ALL SUGAR is fermented in the must and the wine (like fruit tincture) becomes DRY, i.e. NOT SWEET (up to 1,% g sugar per liter). An illiterate woman says that 13% alcohol is indicated and at the same time it is a sweet wine. This is a DIRECT and ONE-ONE fact of adding sugar to the fermented wort! The French call this procedure (only for wine) Chaptalization. And further. Such fruit and berry tinctures are very unstable, stored for a short time (a month or two) and sour without special measures with the addition of sulfur dioxide in the bottles. I think this Bulgarian just breeds alcohol (brandy) with boiled fruit compote.
                So you, my dear, do not understand ANYTHING in winemaking, even though you are a Bulgarian.
                At the majority of Bulgarians in households, young wine also elementarily sour almost to wine vinegar. They do not know how to stabilize and store their wine. So it turns out that the Bulgarians, for the most part, DO NOT know how to make wine, no matter what grapes they give them. They can only drive their own moonshine (brandy) from grapes. Transferring grapes to primitive brandy is a crime! The USSR in winemaking was ON THE HEAD above today's Bulgaria.
                1. pytar
                  April 26 2018 13: 29
                  +2
                  You actually commented on the commercials that really made ordinary lovers. But for some reason, they were silent about the first video in which professionalists express an opinion on the issue. wink Okay ... Maybe you understand something of the wine, but you have a clear bias towards the negative! laughing There are facts and they better say what and how forum "experts" at the MoD. Bulgarian wines are well quoted on the foreign market and export to 2017 y. Bring the country 17 432 629 million euro / growth in 12,9% in comparison with 2016 g. /. There was a decrease from 2006 to 2016, but it is already good and promising. New markets are also being developed. Bulgaria has risen to 15 place in the Chinese market, with the average price of a bottle of wine in Dolar 4,72, which is the third most expensive place in China, after Australian and French wine. yes I really do not understand winemaking, "despite the fact that Bulgarian"! laughing Therefore, I do not get involved in such disputes. The theme of wine may be your favorite, but not much correspondence with that under which we write! The Bulgarian economy feels great after a difficult transition. But I observe one significant difference in our mentality. Bulgarians, when Russia is doing well rejoice! fellow And for some reason, the successes of others are annoying and cause negativity. request
                  1. pakria go
                    pakria go April 26 2018 14: 16
                    0
                    I’ve been traveling to Bulgaria for ten years now. And I’m not at all happy about the total collapse that is visible everywhere. I only TRUE evaluate the situation.
                    Bulgarians are very touchy. One must be adequate. Bulgarians themselves constantly complain to me about their life. Few have won in these 30 years. Therefore, any brilliance of positive already seems a great achievement.
                    Very short. Is the population decreasing? It is decreasing! Where is the growth here? !!!
                    Some gypsies ... We must focus on population growth and fertility growth (among the Bulgarians, of course, not Gypsies or Turks). This is the final integral indicator of the economy. It’s good that there are no blacks or Arabs in Bulgaria yet ...
                    And I’m just really helping Bulgaria, I invested money (I bought property from the Bulgarians) and I plan to live there permanently and restore the former level of viticulture.
                    But the Bulgarians just need to cancel visas to citizens of Russia, Belarus, Ukraine and Kazakhstan and give a residence permit five years after the acquisition of Bulgarian real estate. And there will be Bulgaria happiness! But the Bulgarians are afraid of Brussels and Washington ...
                    1. pytar
                      April 26 2018 17: 54
                      +1
                      And I’m not at all happy about the total collapse that is visible everywhere.

                      There is a collapse and it as a result, the death of one former social system, which could not withstand competition. Not how to build all at once overnight. In Russia, the same collapse, and worse.
                      Bulgarians are very touchy. One must be adequate.

                      Again, advise what and how to! Work on yourself better! wink
                      Bulgarians themselves constantly complain to me about their life.

                      The Bulgarian mentality is like that! From time immemorial! Even if a person is doing well, he will not boast, but not be jinxed! laughing
                      Few have won over these 30 years.

                      It may be so, but for some reason, according to opinion polls, few people want to reappear in former times. First of all, pensioners for 60 years are nostalgic for the past.
                      Therefore, any brilliance of positive already seems a great achievement.

                      For a small and not rich country, this is normal! But for the greatest, as it is strange ...
                      Is the population decreasing? It is decreasing! Where is the growth here? !!!
                      Some gypsies ... We must focus on population growth and fertility growth (among the Bulgarians, of course, not Gypsies or Turks).

                      It's true! Fact! A demographic catastrophe has been laid since the 50 years during socialism. When due to forced collectivization they liquidated the village. Then gypsies and Turks began to multiply. They gave all the overall growth. This pernicious policy of the BKP ranks genocide over the Bulgarian ethnic group. Later 90 -mass emigration was also the result of a half-century stay in the social camp.
                      But the Bulgarians just need to cancel visas to citizens of Russia, Belarus, Ukraine and Kazakhstan and give a residence permit five years after the acquisition of Bulgarian real estate.

                      Here I agree with all of this! good I personally help in that direction. hi
              2. pakria go
                pakria go April 26 2018 14: 00
                0
                Boyan Ivanov! I will comment on your first video clip.
                1. The production of mass inexpensive wine is simply the target production criterion, and not at all helplessness or inability of winemaking. Bulgaria under socialism had a HUGE and STABLE sales market in the person of the USSR alone. It is foolish to produce a small amount of elite wine, even at a high price, if you can earn 100 times more from the production of inexpensive wine. It is inexpensive, not low quality.
                Therefore, all the talk that the quality of wine has grown EXACTLY due to the departure of socialism or new grape varieties is babble. It's simple: either you produce a little elite wine (high price, but little profit), or much more inexpensive (less price, but more profit). Only business, no politics!
                The first Bulgarian from the video directly speaks about the enormous scale of social production. For modern Bulgaria with foreign owners, this is unattainable!
                2. As I said, the best Bulgarian wine is in the southwest, in Melnik. Local grape varieties, excellent weather and soil. And the owners of the vineyards are almost all Bulgarians (or Macedonians). Wine production is also local.
                3. One must be an idiot to ONLY believe in the wonders of production technology. A lot depends not only on the grape variety, but also on the properties of a particular soil in a particular vineyard, as well as the specific weather conditions in the current year. And what's new here? The same variety on different soil can give completely different results.
                I’ve moved my family variety to myself in Bulgaria, but I’m not completely sure if it will retain all its flavoring characteristics in a specific new place. And I’m not going to make wine for sale. It would be enough for myself.
                There, foreigners like vultures are buying the best Bulgarian lands and old vineyards. Among them there are a lot of Jews (French, as in the video, and others). But this French Jew is cheating. It produces not elite wine, but an expensive blend (a mixture of different grapes). It seems that he simply lacks the yield of one variety. Or just experimenting ...
                And it seems that he doesn’t have his own wine production on the spot in Bulgaria, but simply carries grape must to France for French production. So his wine can hardly be called Bulgarian.
                I have already said that almost all Bulgarian winemaking is in the hands of foreigners. And this is no longer a simple investment, and it is no longer Bulgarian winemaking. There is nothing to be proud of the Bulgarians themselves for the growth of production or the quality of wine.
                1. pytar
                  April 26 2018 17: 22
                  +1
                  The production of mass inexpensive wine is simply the target production criterion .... Bulgaria under socialism had a HUGE and STABLE market in the face of the USSR alone .... For modern Bulgaria with foreign owners this is unattainable!

                  Your thoughts do not make any sense. USSR as 30 no years. Bulgaria, having received a severe blow to its economy, was forced to reorganize into new markets, under completely different COMPETITIVE conditions. The fact that she succeeded! There is noticeable progress, although not everything happens right away! Maybe it produces a much smaller amount of wine, a solid CURRENCY gets on the ego of sale! As for the owners, there are foreigners, there are also Bulgarians. Some of my personal friends have vineyards and vineyards. They produce, sell, and earn very well. About quality, I will not argue. How many people, so authority. The final result is important, but it is good! Break through! good
            2. alatanas
              alatanas April 26 2018 13: 29
              +2
              He's overdone it, dear. Tamyanka, Medzhezha's Blood and Melnik were made from the cheapest wines, besides, Bear's Blood was semi-sweet. There are many good wines, but of course they are expensive> 6,50 BGN. There are many people who produce very high quality wine for themselves. And by the way, just Russian moonshine is full of fusel oils (and therefore cloudy). When boiling brandy, the distilate below 40 degrees (Partzutsa) does not mix with the one that went before. It is either thrown away or goes to secondary distillation. Further - pelin is infused from the most substandard (which has no aroma) wine. Nobody spends good wine on pelin.
              1. pytar
                April 26 2018 13: 38
                +1
                Alexander, that person registered on the site on 25 on April 2018, and all of the 4 egos comment under this article. You can see the topic of wine tempts him, but it's like football! How many people have such opinions! wassat Obviously, he does not know that Tamyanka, Bear blood, Melnik and Pelin are of the highest quality. laughing With moonshine, he also missed, but I did not argue. Some people consider their particular taste as a world criterion. bully
                1. pakria go
                  pakria go April 26 2018 14: 56
                  -1
                  What arrogant you are. Just like an Englishman.
                  I'm just interested in ANY information about Bulgaria. I filter it. Because I have my own mind there and I regularly go there. Otherwise, I do not need and are not interested in Bulgaria at all.
                  I came across this article. I could not get past the comments of zombie Bulgarians about their own winemaking. That's all.
                  I think it is better to consider your specific taste as a world criterion if it has grown on the basis of PERSONAL experience, rather than taking someone else's opinion from private commercial videos for truth, without personal experience.
                  But so, apparently, forced into the EU.
                  1. pytar
                    April 26 2018 17: 35
                    +1
                    What arrogant you are. Just like an Englishman.

                    Ues !!! hi In fact, if you look through the forum, you will not find a single Bulgarian who teaches Russians how to live and what is right! This is you all the time, someone "lecture"! laughing
                    Because I have my own mind there and I regularly go there. Otherwise, I do not need and are not interested in Bulgaria at all.

                    What arrogant you are. Just like an Englishman ... or like which ...?! wink
                    I could not get past the comments of zombie Bulgarians ...

                    The country does not interest you, the Bulgarians are zombie, but it’s all zombies, only you are in the mind! lol I will not refute you. Believe what you want. fellow
                    I think it’s better to consider your specific taste as a world criterion ...

                    There is nothing to add! laughing
                    But so, apparently, forced into the EU.

                    Forces the market. He is the law in market economies. What in the EU, what in Russia ... bully
              2. pakria go
                pakria go April 26 2018 14: 40
                -1
                Tamyanka was also semisweet. And cheap doesn't mean bad. I don’t like many French wines. Russian moonshine does not happen in nature! Moonshine differs only in the feedstock, it can be driven directly from cellulose, from birch sawdust, for example :), as well as from the moonshine’s conscience.
                You can even surpass your brandy at least three or four times, it will only become somewhat more transparent and noticeably stronger, but there will be even more fusel oils and other rubbish there! ONLY CHEMICAL cleaning helps effectively (it is possible to improve the apparatus, but it is ineffective)! Do not teach me (and all Eastern Slavs), Bulgarians, moonshine to drive and clean it! In factory brandy (for example, Burgas 63) there is also evil, but noticeably less than in rural. Well, it’s stinky - for three years an open bottle is worth it, nobody wants to drink! We only drink vodka and then not all or their own liquors and tinctures on good vodka.
                Pelin is not wine, but an herbal tincture on wine. It’s quite a quality one, but Pelin was worse than red. Of course, the taste and smell of herbs distort the taste and smell of wine. It is expensive to use real wine with a good aroma for the production of Pelin. I like vermouth (Chio-chio-san from Bulgarian) more - this is also a wine tincture in wormwood (from Pelin). It is great to drink it with beer (try it!). Bulgarian beer, by the way, is very good. Bulgarians often drink beer rather than wine. Strange ...
                1. Roman Skomorokhov
                  Roman Skomorokhov April 26 2018 18: 00
                  +1
                  Quieter with wine themes. Wine is an amateur. The article was not only about the wine as it were.
                2. alatanas
                  alatanas April 27 2018 09: 38
                  +2
                  Read the chemistry and see where and when fusel oils are produced in the production of alcohol and what they are. Moonshine is chased, as you said from everything (you still need sugar for fermentation), and brandy is made from grapes, plums and other fruits, for example apricot - Kaysieva rakiya. In good brandy, after the process of digestion, the aroma of the fruit from which it is cooked should remain.
                  Vodka is alcohol in which water is added in stages
                  1. pakria go
                    pakria go April 28 2018 20: 47
                    0
                    Yes, you yourself "read chemistry", it is better not on Wikipedia and not on the Internet. Internet - for teenagers digging in the trash.
                    Here is a typical Internet nonsense: "Fusel oils are a group of substances of an oily consistency of a light yellow or red-brown color with an unpleasant odor, which is a by-product of the alcoholic fermentation of sugar, fruit or starch-containing raw materials. Each alcoholic beverage contains this or that concentration (except is pure rectified alcohol). "

                    Alcoholic fermentation alone without thermal distillation of mash is not a source of fusel oils.
                    1. Can be driven out of cellulose without any sugar. Cellulose contains sugars that are fermented by wild yeast. The output is a small but good aroma.
                    2. Nowhere is there an unambiguous definition and exact composition of fusel oils. The most toxic substances from the composition of fusel oils appear just during the thermal distillation of the mash. Bulgarians in villages cannot collect a high-quality distillation column in addition to the moonshine still, and they are completely unfamiliar (in my practice) with chemical methods, unlike citizens of the former USSR. Therefore, their brandy is poison like whiskey. Even if she gives them peaches or roses, still the stench of a sivuha still appears.
                    3. On the Internet, they even dragged wine as a carrier of fusel oils. Well, it depends on what is attributed to fusel oils due to illiteracy.
                    1. The comment was deleted.
                  2. pakria go
                    pakria go April 28 2018 20: 53
                    0
                    By the way, fruit-berry moonshine, in your opinion, brandy, is driven everywhere. In Georgia, such moonshine is called chacha. In Russia, Bolorussia, Ukraine and Kazakhstan - in any way, they call moonshine, regardless of the feedstock.
                  3. pakria go
                    pakria go April 28 2018 21: 09
                    0
                    By the way, the factory-recommended expensive Burgas-63 brandy recommended by the Bulgarians as a gift from Bulgaria in a very beautiful bottle also reeks of a sivuha. But my father’s apple moonshine did not even smell after the Soviet cleaning with the sivuha, but had only a faint apple flavor. Vodka remained on the table, and guests drank apple moonshine first.
                    1. stalkerwalker
                      stalkerwalker April 28 2018 21: 13
                      +2
                      Quote: pakria go
                      The Burgas-63 factory expensive rakiya recommended by the Bulgarians as a gift from Bulgaria in a very beautiful bottle also reeks of a sivuha. But my father’s apple moonshine didn’t even smell after the Soviet cleaning with sivuha, but had only a faint apple flavor

                      Your dad, my dear, peeled moonshine with potassium permanganate, insisted on the peel of walnuts. And, perhaps, he repeated the distillation of moonshine. Or all together.
                      1. pakria go
                        pakria go April 28 2018 22: 41
                        +1
                        That's right, all together, but without nuts. The main thing is to know the permissible temperature and not to be greedy. I see you, too, with the Soviet past :)
  4. Pissarro
    Pissarro April 25 2018 11: 52
    0
    At this rate, Bulgaria will soon reach the 1989 indicators of the year and it will be Peremoga)
    1. pytar
      April 25 2018 12: 22
      +1
      At this rate, Bulgaria will soon reach the 1989 indicators of the year and it will be Peremoga)

      In 1990, Bulgaria was a country bankrupt. That same year, you had to pay on external loans 1 $ billion. There was no more than $ a million 300 in the treasury. And the government announced a moratorium on loan payments. Inflation unscrew terrible. With 1, Julia 1997, the government declared the currency board, thus stopping the inflation typhoon. The Bulgarian lion, attached to the German mark, and later to the Euro in the ratio 2 lv ~ 1evro. Until now, the course does not change and always 1 $ ~ 0,50 Evra. Leo essentially became a kind of evra, fully secured with currency. Bulgaria is going to move to the eurozone soon, which will free several tens of billion euros from the fiscal guarantee.
      1. Jmbg
        Jmbg April 26 2018 20: 29
        +2
        In addition: 1989. $ 1 billion deficit and the economy collapsed. 1997 year. Bankers stole 2 billion USD, the economy collapsed again. In 2013, 4.3 billion billions were stolen through KTBank, the economy did not notice, and continued the upward trend.
    2. Jmbg
      Jmbg April 26 2018 01: 24
      +2
      According to indicators, Bulgaria exceeded 1989 by 5 times. With 1/2 labor.
      1. Pissarro
        Pissarro April 26 2018 01: 39
        -1
        Write five hundred times. Goebels taught a lie to be enormous, such people would rather believe it)
        1. Jmbg
          Jmbg April 26 2018 09: 03
          +2
          What I write is naturally without meaning. But look what the Light Bank writes: https://data.worldbank.org/country/Bulgaria
  5. iouris
    iouris April 26 2018 11: 58
    -1
    Clear: Bulgaria is a good country, and Russia is the best. Essentially: Bulgaria is the EU and NATO. As long as these structures exist, the future for Bulgaria will be what the EU and NATO need. Discussing what you cannot influence does not make sense.
    1. alatanas
      alatanas April 27 2018 09: 54
      +2
      And what should Bulgaria do? Hang in a complete vacuum? Under socialism, they drove a “short bunch” by the handle, while under Gorbachev and Uncle Bora they said “here you are not here” wink Save yourself as you can. That’s the whole story. Amerikosy also took advantage - they forced them to disarm, to disperse, and then they shoved them into NAT and the EU into the backyards - just in case.
      By the way - without NAT in the EU do not let laughing
      1. pakria go
        pakria go April 28 2018 19: 41
        0
        Initially, the article itself is strange.
        You do not understand political economy (as well as everywhere).
        Industrial (or economic, or financial, etc.) growth can be a positive indicator only for a closed state system, in which the owners of the means of production (resources), and hired workers, and small self-employed owners, and the financial system are all inside. framework) of one state (one country). Even with distortions in the distribution of the product, the total product (finance or salary, or new investment, or the quality of life of people ...) grows and remains within the system.
        With a completely open economy (I would say, opened from the outside), industrial growth in a particular country is a fiction for the population, it is a primitive logic, it is just an indicator for transnational capital, what exactly can you profit from in this country specifically. This is especially true for such non-independent countries as Bulgaria.
        Don't you see the fundamental contradiction between the requirement of complete freedom for capital (local, foreign and transnational) and the strictly national social security system in the broad sense (public sector wages, pensions, scholarships, medicine, education, etc.) ?! Compare Germany and Bulgaria!
        If CEZ is a Czech company, then where does the profit from the sale of electricity to the population of Bulgaria settle? Profit goes OUTSIDE the country.
        If a foreign owner of a vineyard (the same Jew with a French passport) takes out wine materials from Bulgaria in tanks for wine production in France, then who gets the maximum profit from the sale of finished products and where is the bulk of the taxes paid? Just not in Bulgaria!
        Bulgaria itself has reduced corporate tax to 10% and trumps this - and this is just a gift for foreign economic robbery. Germany and the rest of the Czech Republic are growing and getting richer much faster than Bulgaria plundered by them. Why rejoice here ?! So what is the article about?
        There was a South Stream project, there was a Belen NPP project - that’s what the Bulgarians could enjoy! Even if half of the income were stolen by officials, all the same, these resources would be in the hands of the TOTAL people of Bulgaria. And the people could justly demand an increase in the quality of their lives.
        You can justly rejoice at the direct investments of foreigners when they buy property in Bulgaria. Moreover, the secondary real estate of Bulgarian citizens, and not remodels, it is not clear which commercial developers. So 360 thousand Russian owners of Bulgarian real estate have already brought Bulgaria very tangible economic growth. Yes, plus another 400-500 thousand tourists annually
        1. pytar
          April 28 2018 22: 53
          +1
          All your “deliberation” is not based on. You somehow don’t notice that over the past 30 years. the world has changed dramatically. No socialist system, no USSR. Vesde capitalism and not Bulgaria writes the laws of capital. After the catastrophic situation in which it found itself after the 90s due to its too integrated economy with the Soviet one, it was necessary to somehow reorganize. Neither dengi nor severity had Bulgaria. A bunch of non-competitive mills, on whose modernization there were tens of billions of dollars needed. During the transition, there were a lot of mistakes, and any sabotage. Bulgaria cannot be closed from the whole world, like North Korea. No independent states. Even Russia needed decades to achieve at least some semi-independence. Bulgarians always sharply criticize every power. And have a reason. But the country has achieved certain successes and is undoubtedly. People see this and although they continue to criticize, the level of optimism now goes to (+). All opinion polls are confirmed, and Euro-oriented and patriotic parties win the elections. The situation is now much better than 20 or 10 years ago. In the world of capitalism, no one just does not give anything. We must fight and the Bulgarians are fighting. Without other people's investments, it’s not like that. And the capitalists, of course, seek profit. Fine. Bulgarian capital has strengthened and is already beginning to slowly but confidently pull out a foreign one. It will not be overnight, but it will be Bulgarian capital that will have more and more weight. As you understand, you consider good, only Russian capital! Rave. The capitalists and oligarchs are the same. No matter how hardy our envoys and envious people are, Bulgaria will rise. No doubt! There are 3 very serial threats that I can interfere with and whose decisions need urgent work - 1. Demographic crisis. 2. Turkey 3. Corruption
          1. pakria go
            pakria go April 29 2018 01: 09
            -1
            Baby talk and porridge in your head! You do not even catch the meaning of what has been said. In the Russian Federation, unfortunately, there are also such short-range ones ...
            You all the more do not understand the essence of modern transnational capitalism. The quality of life of the current generation of Western Europe and the United States is noticeably lower than the last generation of their parents. Internal resources are over. It is time to take away other people's resources under beautiful slogans. The essence of the EU is the opportunity to develop Germany at the expense of countries such as Bulgaria. For every cent of foreign investment, Bulgaria will pay back a few euros. Bulgaria is gnawed like a bone, sucked and licked. You do not understand that South Stream or the nuclear power plant could not be stolen or taken from anyone in Bulgaria. These are not ready-made industrial goods from Germany, this would be a constant opportunity for Bulgaria to earn money in large volumes! Such infrastructure projects in the world are offered ONLY by Russia (by the way, state, not private capital). Neither the EU nor the USA will offer you ANYTHING SIMILAR!

            Such as you, I usually ignore, but out of pity for the Bulgarians, I will answer for the last time.
            There is a very good indicator of the development of any country - this is population growth.
            Look at the statistics of population growth in Bulgaria over the past 100 years and shut up about capitalism and socialism! And it’s not about socialism (by the way, in Germany today there are 10 times more real socialism than in Bulgaria). The population of Bulgaria is decreasing - it means NO GROWTH! Write it in blood on the wall of your house!
            You yourself write: "There are 3 very serial threats that I can interfere with and whose decisions need to be urgently worked- 1. Demographic crisis. 2. Turkey 3. Corruption." All these threats are just the inevitable condition for the existence of Bulgaria. The EU and the USA directly bribe EVERYONE of your next elite (or intimidate it). The most developed part of Bulgarian society (literate youth) is needed as hired labor in the countries of the West, where the main production of the EU is located, and in Bulgaria the West has ruined the industry for a long time (no one needs competitors). Germany also needs Turks as a young labor force, the EU is aging ...
            Everything! Stop reading your educational program! It won’t reach you! Better leave this site and do not disgrace.
            1. pytar
              April 29 2018 12: 56
              +2
              Baby talk and porridge in your head! You do not even catch the meaning of what has been said. In the Russian Federation, unfortunately, there are also such short-range ones ...

              Mr. so-called pakria go, I keep a good tone, even when I communicate with such "experts" as you, who write outright nonsense. I respect the opinions of others, but I don’t accept them when they try to push him as absolutely correct! Your hardening is in contradiction with the opinion of the majority of the Bulgarian people. The absolute majority of people in young and middle age and those with higher education approve of the course towards evroorientirovanii country. Fact. And instead of fantasizing about "oh how everything is bad there," better listen to what they tell you! This is their country, their fate and you are not in the right to tell them what to do and how!
              The most paradoxical thing is that you are negative about everything, at the same time you have a property in Bulgaria and, as I understand it, you live periodically. Well, if in Bulgaria, you do not like it so much, what the hell are you looking for here?
              You especially do not understand the essence of modern transnational capitalism.

              Modern transnational capitalism exists in an active way, whether you like it or not, it does not matter. He works in Russia. The world is now and ignore the realities are not worth it. A certain part of the Russian oligarchic capital came into conflict with transnational and all aggravating conflicts. Russian capital is by no means better than transnational. About people thinking in last place.
              You do not understand that the South Stream or NPP could not be stolen or taken away from Bulgaria. These are not ready-made industrial goods from Germany, it would be a permanent opportunity for Bulgaria to make money in large volumes! Such infrastructure projects in the world are offered ONLY by Russia (by the way, state, and not private capital).

              About South Stream and Belene NPP - you absolutely do not imply anything on these issues. In your minds, theses are masqueraded in Russian. And they have little in common with the essence of the situation.
              UP was a project of a rough not between Bulgaria and the Russian Federation, but between the EU and the Russian Federation. Finding on the territory of the EU, he must respond to the laws of the Union. Bulgaria, having entered voluntarily into the EU, assumed obligations to comply with these laws! When the EC made a claim regarding the violation of the 3 energy package, Bulgaria should have realized! It was the Bulgarian side that proposed to Gazprom, to rework the project in such a way as to comply with European laws! It did not suit Gazprom / other problems happened during that period / he refused. RF left the project, not Bulgaria! While officially a year and a half after it obyyavil GDP! For all this time, the Bulgarian side continued to work. I am aware, since I personally worked with the Bulgarian side on this project 4 of the year. Could both parties continue construction despite the EC requirements? Definitely NO! In addition to large fines and re-installments of tranches from euro funds / 15, billions of euros were received in (+) from 2007 /, Bulgaria would have acquired a useless pipe to nowhere. The project would not reach the end user in Central Europe. Bulgaria was simply unlucky, because geographically it turned out to be the first on the ego of the path and, accordingly, the whole attack of Russia fell on her. Gazprom, using its moshtny information resource, accused Bulgaria of everything in order to hide its blunders and underreporting from the Russian society. The Bulgarian side retained information correctness and started a robot on another, alternatively, the project - the hub of the Balkans, which is much better responding to the interests of Bulgaria. One more note about the "Russian state capital" ... It is conditionally state, since the oligarchic structures are again in charge of its management. No illusions can be had about this.
              At Bellene NPP. This is the same dologostroy which has no analogy in Bulgarian history. The Bulgarian Egyptian pyramid swallowed billions of dollars. It was laid in the distant 80 with different conditions and a different state of the markets then. A lot has changed over that time. The project turned out to be risky in terms of profitability. The market for which it was intended was reoriented and narrowed. Investing new billions in it was not practical. Despite the calculations proving this, the pro-Russian political lobby in Bulgaria restarted construction several times. As a result, the country drowned in still expenses. At one point, it turned out that it was impossible to continue, since we were losing billions, and it was also impossible to stop, since Rosatom would have to pay the forfeits. We chose the second option, as it promised less financial loss. By the way, no one says that nuclear power plants will not be completed in the future when market conditions change. New sources of funding are sought and Rossatom announced its participation. Recently, Prime Minister Boris Borisov announced a plan to attract the Balkan countries to this project and the ego of turning into a common Balkan. Most Balkan countries have expressed interest in this proposal.
              There is a very good indicator of the development of any country - this is population growth.
              Look at the statistics of population growth in Bulgaria over the past 100 years and shut up about capitalism and socialism ... The population of Bulgaria is declining - it means NO GROWTH! Write it in blood on the wall of your house!

              Scream again I don’t understand what the problem is! The population of Bulgaria is decreasing! Fact! This is a consequence! And what's the reason? When it started, you have no idea! Since you did not live in my country then!
              Judging by the general figures, statistics show how the population of Bulgaria was growing steadily during socialism. And this gives the wrong impression that socialism is good because the population is growing!
              In fact, in the statistics of socialism there is no one very important indicator! Growth - Decline in Ethnicity! The demographic picture of the relations is absent / from 50, it has become a secret /! And this is no coincidence, since it provides shrinking data! I saw them and from them the hair on my head gets up! Carrying out forced collectivization according to the Soviet model, the communists liquidated the Bulgarian village. And the Bulgarian people were born reproduced in the villages! During the time of socialism, several hundred villages were closed. Bulgarian stopped giving birth. From social programs to increase the birth rate, national minorities (gypsies and Turks) took advantage. Their weight went up sharply and they gave the whole general increase in the population! The communists carried out the genocide against the Bulgarian ethnic group! after 90, when the borders were opened, millions of Bulgarians who were locked in a communist camp flooded around the world in search of a better life. The resulting cumulative effect, leading to the current demographic collapse! These are facts, and everything else is propaganda!
              Everything! Stop reading your educational program! It won’t reach you! Better leave this site and do not disgrace.

              I’m writing all this not for the “concrete heads” that they grab here. Yes, it will not reach you! I write for those adequate Russians, what a blessing too! And having been to VO since 2013, I don’t accept the advice to leave that site from the person who registered here just 4 days ago! By the way, I have nothing against it, if you continued to disgrace. This is a good demonstration of the defective mentality of a certain category of people.
  6. Ivan Daraktchiev
    Ivan Daraktchiev April 28 2018 01: 49
    0
    In recent decades, Bulgaria is in its fourth national disaster after 4. The GDP of 1887 is the same as in 2015, about 1985 billion dollars, at the same dollar parity (50 dollar - about 1 leva). Around 1.5 Bulgaria was in the HDI classification somewhere between 1985th and 25th place, next to Romania and other socialist countries. In 30, they all fell with about 2015 points (!!!), again nearby, I was behind ... Zimbabwe!. A quarter of the population has left (as in the Baltic republics - where there are also young people who are zombified by liberal propaganda and shouting about "successes"). The sacking and destruction of the economy is evident from the loss of more than 50 million jobs. Unemployed "only" about 2 percent of the workforce, due to the fact that in addition to the first millions, new 12-50 thousand young people leave every year - and this is nothing more than that annual population growth ... More about this GENERAL problem, reasons and "what to do" - at https://independent.academia.edu/IvanDaraktchiev.
    1. pakria go
      pakria go April 28 2018 19: 52
      -1
      Yes, Ivan. It’s hard to disagree with your words.
      Four years ago, on our street in a Bulgarian village, the former chairman of the former large-scale agriculture in northwestern Bulgaria suddenly died (all the farms there were large and successful in the past, with 1500-2000 thousand inhabitants each). He would support you too. I often talked with him, the smartest man he was ...
    2. The comment was deleted.
    3. pytar
      April 28 2018 23: 00
      +2
      In the 4-national catastrophe we will reach if we urgently do not solve the 3 problem: 1. Demographic crisis. 2. Turkey 3. Corruption Everything else is solvable and there are good results. What happened to Sots, it makes no sense to discuss. The ego is long gone. The majority of post-socialist problems for Bulgaria are the result and consequence of the very totalitarian, conunist ideology that Bulgaria has been hard copying from the USSR. It’s good that it ended, but it’s bad that it ended so.
      1. pakria go
        pakria go April 29 2018 01: 12
        -1
        Solid babble!
  7. stalkerwalker
    stalkerwalker April 28 2018 22: 44
    +1
    pakria go,
    Quote: pakria go
    That's right, all together, but without nuts. The main thing is to know the permissible temperature and not to be greedy. I see you, too, with the Soviet past :)

    Darling,
    having 70 a hundredth plot and a dozen apple trees, without even taking special care of them, you have to "utilize" the crop in a glass container in liquid form.
    drinks