Military Review

Another unfinished project - tank "Object 292"

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Before the collapse of the USSR, several modern combat vehicles were created in domestic design bureaus, one of which is the Leningrad tank “Object 292”, writes Messenger of Mordovia.


Another unfinished project - tank "Object 292"


This tank, which was a further development of the T-80, was equipped with an 152,4-mm smoothbore high ballistics weapon. “The powerful gun, which even now can easily deal with the most advanced versions of the American Abrams, the German Leopard and other armored monsters of NATO, was created at the Perm Machine-Building Plant,” says a publication by Roman Romanov.

Tests of the car began at the Rzhevsky range in 1991 year.

Active defense systems, a modern fire control system with a thermal imager, an information management system were on the way. If the financing of the project had continued, “then the Leningrad“ Abramskaput ”would have passed the tests successfully and could have been put into service in the first half of the 90s,” the author notes.

According to experts, on the basis of the upgraded T-80 it was quite possible to create a new generation tank. At about the same time, a gas turbine engine with an 1500 horsepower, “which would give the new combat vehicle unique mobility characteristics”, was created and tested.

Today, this tank, which has remained secret for a long time, is demonstrated in Kubinka near Moscow. The car is on the move and regularly admires museum guests with its power.
Photos used:
Brave2004
39 comments
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  1. vladfill
    vladfill April 18 2018 15: 27
    +22
    ".... Testing of the car began at the Rzhev training ground in 1991 .....
    ..... but in August, shopkeepers, bartenders, pitching ...... and everything went to dust.
    1. 210ox
      210ox April 18 2018 15: 32
      +5
      About graduate students and zavlabov forgot ...
      Quote: vladfill
      ".... Testing of the car began at the Rzhev training ground in 1991 .....
      ..... but in August, shopkeepers, bartenders, pitching ...... and everything went to dust.
  2. Magic archer
    Magic archer April 18 2018 15: 28
    +8
    It’s surprising how many developments were made! The caliber of the gun certainly solves a lot of problems, but also creates a certain amount. I read about the fact that the French had the development of 130-150 mm guns for Leclerc. And the main difficulty lies in the small amount of ammunition carried. Plus development ammunition under the caliber, the same sub-caliber.
    1. ALEXXX1983
      ALEXXX1983 April 18 2018 15: 57
      +4
      Quote: Magic Archer
      I read that the French had the development of 130-150 mm guns for Leclerc.

      Yes, there was an experimental version with a 130-mm cannon superior in muzzle energy to 152-mm 2A83. But they refused it and now they are thinking about the 140 mm, along with the Germans.
  3. Sergey985
    Sergey985 April 18 2018 15: 29
    +2
    Dream gun!
    1. Borik
      Borik April 18 2018 15: 34
      +3
      So maybe we'll see her on the armada.
      1. gukoyan
        gukoyan April 18 2018 15: 49
        +2
        On the armada of what?
        1. Non liberoid Russian
          Non liberoid Russian April 18 2018 15: 57
          +1
          Mriy probably sofa
  4. Dezinto
    Dezinto April 18 2018 15: 34
    +11
    Tank guns are always a very secret and important detail.
    They have been working on them for a very long time, and many engineers.
    That would not work like this after the first three hundred shots:



    1. kirgiz58
      kirgiz58 April 18 2018 16: 00
      +15
      Quote: DEZINTO
      That would not work like this after the first three hundred shots:

      In fact, a "rose" can be obtained at first a shot. I taught my mechanics: I saw the “scoop” - without hesitation press the button the emergency turn of the cap and shout the earth in the trunk.
      1. KVIRTU
        KVIRTU April 18 2018 17: 57
        +3
        Also did not understand the relationship with the number of shots. (pictured is a smooth-bore 120-mm M-256 gun of the Abrams (M1A1) tank)
        "In terminological terms, these incidents
        received a generic name - the abnormal action of ammunition (NLM). The reasons for NDB are the presence of hidden defects in:
        - propelling charges (means of ignition);
        - explosive charges of the projectile;
        - Automation of the detonation of ammunition (fuses and tubes);
        - structural elements of the shell and shell;
        - gun barrel.
        "
        1. Alf
          Alf April 18 2018 21: 11
          +2
          Quote: KVIRTU
          The reasons for NDB are the presence of hidden defects in:

          The head of the crew.
      2. Sverdlov
        Sverdlov April 19 2018 07: 39
        0
        !!!! At the same time, you will get a “rosette”
  5. Siberia 9444
    Siberia 9444 April 18 2018 15: 35
    +2
    Bent Omichi! They would stick T80 recourse
    1. Bad_santa
      Bad_santa April 18 2018 16: 13
      +1
      Right now it is not clear what the tank factory in Omsk is doing. Pans rivets at best
      1. Alexey RA
        Alexey RA April 18 2018 16: 58
        +2
        Quote: Bad_Santa
        Right now it is not clear what the tank factory in Omsk is doing. Pans rivets at best

        Yeah ... there are already two types of pans: T-72 and T-80. smile
        OZTM is now part of UVZ. And he is busy with work to bring the T-72 to the T-72B3 level (including an improved version), as well as the traditional modernization of various T-80 models for it.
        According to Omskregion Omsk news agency, the Uralvagonzavod Research and Production Corporation and the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation have concluded a major overhaul contract with deep modernization of the T-80 tanks.
        As OMSKREGION was informed in Omsktransmash JSC, the state contract is of a long-term nature. “The receipt of an overhaul order with a thorough modernization of the T-80 is a milestone event for our company, which will allow us to further increase the load on Omsktransmash production capacities, as well as improve the economic situation at the plant,” said Igor Lobov, Director General of Omsktransmash JSC.
        © bmpd
  6. The comment was deleted.
  7. Sverdlov
    Sverdlov April 18 2018 16: 03
    +2
    Quote: Magic Archer
    It’s surprising how many developments were made! The caliber of the gun certainly solves a lot of problems, but also creates a certain amount. I read about the fact that the French had the development of 130-150 mm guns for Leclerc. And the main difficulty lies in the small amount of ammunition carried. Plus development ammunition under the caliber, the same sub-caliber.

    The tank in the oncoming battle lives six minutes. This is from the empirical theory of the 80s. He shot, won (died) and in the bushes (to reload). And hammering the enemy with wagons of iron is self-propelled guns
  8. Sverdlov
    Sverdlov April 18 2018 16: 04
    0
    An interesting bird. And there is no receiver on the barrel. Is the tower uninhabited?
    1. Romka47
      Romka47 April 18 2018 16: 25
      +1
      It is inhabited, only the BC seems to be located in the stern of the tower according to the “ABRASHEK” type, in general it is difficult to judge by this article, there are no characteristics. What kind of armor? What kind of automatic loader? did he have to be there? what is the estimated cost? what mass? And so it’s clear that this is a T80 with a new turret and a cannon without a body kit or even a self-propelled gun.
      1. Sverdlov
        Sverdlov April 18 2018 18: 20
        0
        Nope ... In those, these, our tank days, they were all with receivers already (starting with the T-54)
        This one without receiver. So the tower is uninhabited.
        All these weapons, including automatic loading were done at our factory and I felt all this with my own hands. They didn’t know where they stuck, a big secret ... :)
      2. Sverdlov
        Sverdlov April 19 2018 06: 54
        0
        here, kill me apstena. until 1976, when I quit my nine, I walked around the gun without a receiver. Caliber 152. They said - experimental.
        and dad, then the deputy chief designer, told how he drove along the steppes near Kharkov on the T-80 so that his hair was fluttering in the wind. on Kharkov Tractor on business trips disappeared for weeks.
  9. Corsair0304
    Corsair0304 April 18 2018 16: 07
    +1
    Yes, it would be interesting to see such a car in action. Powerful gun in an uninhabited tower - why not?
  10. Romka47
    Romka47 April 18 2018 16: 32
    +3
    Quote: Magic Archer
    It’s surprising how many developments were made! The caliber of the gun certainly solves a lot of problems, but also creates a certain amount. I read about the fact that the French had the development of 130-150 mm guns for Leclerc. And the main difficulty lies in the small amount of ammunition carried. Plus development ammunition under the caliber, the same sub-caliber.

    Sub-caliber here, under a big question, is it necessary at all, for 152 and so breakdown and impulse for the eyes! But about the small supply of ammunition to the point !, the rate of fire is lower, for example, the same 125mm gun. In general, as I understand it, 125 mm are enough for the fight against MBT, and it will cope better than 152MM (it will also hit when hit, it will only shoot faster if there are several targets, then the speed of their destruction will increase) But to deal with fortified points (DOT for example) already 125 mm is not enough, here just the power of 152 RP is needed. It seems like they thought therefore for Armata to produce one 152, at 5 (approximately) 125x, and together they supposedly can solve all problems together.
    1. lance
      lance April 18 2018 16: 46
      +2
      so they are the military leaders in 2050 and reason: um armada, and they put a 150mm gun, they could not immediately put 203mm
    2. Alf
      Alf April 18 2018 21: 14
      +2
      Quote: Romka47
      Also, the rate of fire is lower, for example, the same 125mm gun.

      Why is this rate of fire lower? The machine does not care what to throw.
      1. Romka47
        Romka47 April 19 2018 11: 33
        +1
        Well, in principle, it is possible, although the mass and dimensions are larger, consider 2 times. HZ. And as I understand it, an M3 or A3 submachine gun is not suitable for 152 mm, so something new should be there with its recharge speed, again, you should know what and what characteristics, but here it’s a pitchfork over water ...
        1. Alf
          Alf April 19 2018 20: 35
          0
          Quote: Romka47
          although the mass and dimensions are greater, consider 2 times.

          Why 2 times, not 3?
          Quote: Romka47
          And as I understand it, an M3 or A3 submachine gun is not suitable for 152 mm,

          Of course, not suitable. It is difficult to push a 125 mm projectile into a cell with a diameter of 152 mm.
          Quote: Romka47
          so there should be something new

          Ingenious!
  11. san4es
    san4es April 18 2018 16: 51
    +2
    hi Crew: 3 people (driver, gunner, commander). The design is a characteristic classic Soviet. The body is welded from rolled sheets with combined reservation of the frontal part. Tower with cast base with hinged reservation of frontal and side projections. The aft niche of the tower is equipped with kick panels.
    b
    Smoothbore 152.4-mm gun with a new type of loading mechanism. It is possible that the 152-mm cannon is a continuation of research on the armament of the experimental tank "Object 477" KHKBTM (Kharkov, the second half of the 1980s). A promising rifled gun of 152.4 mm was developed by the Central Research Institute "Petrel" (the development is not brought to the test). It was supposed to use a projectile of increased power to combat tanks and helicopters. soldier
    1. Topotun
      Topotun April 18 2018 17: 44
      +2
      Judging by the video, the barrel stabilizer was either not included, or is not available at all. However, for the demonstrator is not scary.
      1. Golovan Jack
        Golovan Jack April 18 2018 18: 00
        +3
        Quote: Topotun
        barrel stabilizer or not included, or none at all

        Who and when on the march / driving turns on the stabilizer?
        The gun on the hard stopper, as expected request
        1. Sverdlov
          Sverdlov April 18 2018 18: 21
          0
          Yes, the gun on the pin ...
        2. Topotun
          Topotun April 19 2018 09: 28
          +1
          So after the show, this is not a march .....
    2. StVahmistr
      StVahmistr April 19 2018 08: 37
      0
      The tower is still inhabited. How do you breathe after a shot? Or sit in gas masks?
  12. dgonni
    dgonni April 18 2018 17: 49
    0
    This was not development, but simply a platform for testing a promising gun for the promising Molot - Boxer - Nota tank, which was created in Kharkov and under which they had already finished building the plant! For the knowledgeable enough for the rest will not say anything
  13. Wolka
    Wolka April 18 2018 18: 35
    0
    what prevents today from resuming the development project and releasing an experimental batch, the fittings will still not be seen in service anyway
    1. Alf
      Alf April 18 2018 21: 15
      +1
      Quote: Volka
      what prevents today from resuming the development project and releasing an experimental batch,

      Mr. Siluanov.
      1. StVahmistr
        StVahmistr April 19 2018 08: 40
        0
        Mr. Siluanov.
        Yeah, as you look at his pug and immediately get some kind of bad thoughts .... But do not give him ****** t? lol
  14. Romka47
    Romka47 April 19 2018 11: 34
    +1
    Quote: san4es
    The aft niche of the tower is equipped with kick panels.

    He spoke in the likeness of "Abrashka"
  15. Romka47
    Romka47 April 20 2018 09: 15
    +1
    Quote: Alf
    Why 2 times, not 3?

    Projectile weight 125mm-5,9 kg, shot weight (same) 19,6
    Weight 152 mm - 43,56. Throw a link to the calculator to understand why in 2, but not in 3?
    1. Alf
      Alf April 20 2018 21: 23
      0
      BPS Yes.
      OFS-under and for 30 kg.