Military Review

Cinema The film "Rainbow": the people who do not win

In the Cinema Hall, we usually view contemporary pictures from a critical point of view. Alas, there is no shortage of them, that in domestic, that in foreign - glory to globalism. But the "usual" fills the edge of the mouth no worse than regular use of mandarins. So today we are transported, seemingly for someone, to the distant past, but for our people it’s like yesterday. Whether it is not customary to interrupt the relationship with parents for a long time, handing over the old people to a nursing home or visiting the “family nest” at best once a month. Either because our people are accustomed to thinking for centuries, the scale of mountains, southern steppes or northern tundra, which seems to frighten our close and distant neighbors on the planet before the goosebumps.

The picture with the bright and warm name “Rainbow” appeared on domestic screens at the very beginning of 1944, a little less than one and a half years remained until the end of the war. The plot at the same time, contrary to the opinion of many “historians” about the hypertrophied “red propaganda”, is very far from glorifying the endless victories of the Red Army. The film is devoid of any epic, it's simple. история about one of the many villages of Nova Lebedivka occupied by the Nazis in Ukraine. Naturally, there is the main character in the picture - Olyona Kostiuk (Natalya Uzhviy), who joined the ranks of the partisans, but who returned to her native village to have a child, where she falls into the hands of the invaders, by the denunciation of her compatriot.

Cinema The film "Rainbow": the people who do not win

However, in spite of the bright main character, in this film all the unbroken people seem to be the main character. Their very terrible life and the wretchedness of a ruined and tortured village emphasize the cosmic scale of the strength and morality of each seemingly episodic character who has retained his own dignity. At the same time, the heroes of the tape were bred so full-blooded and even rigidly that, against the background of clay and shapeless cinematic heroes of modernity, they seem to be a creep, no matter how long the timekeeping they took the author.

It’s not worth waiting for a happy ending. But about any hopelessness and no speech. On the contrary, in this world, the world of war, in a world without even a hint of peace, only people, while they can breathe, are able to become a support, a constant, in short years of life turn into something eternal in front of others.

The picture is so naturalistic that its director Mark Donskoy was even reproached for this. What is true is true. Despite the fact that the public, accustomed to the modern computer bloodbath and clip style of shooting (when the frame does not last 10 seconds too), can find the video series somewhat archaic (like the actors ’play), the picture is truly fundamental. She does not flirt with the viewer.

The director managed to create a hell introduced by invaders in the frame. Not a caricature Hollywood hell, filled with the same Hollywood Freddy Krueger, mythical scum and fire, but quite tangible "human". This hell is a frozen desert into which the Nazis turned their beloved land. And here the Nazis are not well-groomed devils in perfectly fitting uniforms with a satanic gleam in their eyes, but icy demons, who themselves created underworld by their ideology, brought it into the world and were unable to live differently. They are wrapped in various cloths, embittered by purely human hatred of all living things, and therefore, as Stanislavsky said, I believe.

In general, “Rainbow” is not just a feature film, but a film that incorporates uncompromising documentary. True is the only picture on the planet, shot not only about the war during the war, but shot by the people who saw it with their own eyes. This tape is a unique socio-historical phenomenon that has no precedent, and can be regarded as a document of time. Indeed, not a single country in the world simply has such a historical experience of conducting such large-scale, sometimes seemingly hopeless, defensive wars, ending with the complete defeat of the enemy on its land, thanks to the resilience of its own people.

And no matter how much foreign filmmakers puff, they will not be able to make something like that. First, the majority of Yankees, confused with loans, layoffs and a blackmailer wife, don’t give a damn about what back ends the other Yankees will give, whether in uniform or not. Of course, if the media give the command "face", then there will be no account for sympathy and crowds with banners. Secondly, foreign, and from year to year our cinema bohemia is so far from the aspirations and tragedies of the people that it actually exists in a different reality.

“Rainbow” is a wonderful, tragic and one-of-a-kind example of the total unity of the creators of cinema and the people. Filmed in the evacuation of the film. And what kind of frozen reality would not have seemed in the frame, in reality, the shooting took place in Turkmenistan! In the sun and heat in 45 degrees! Ukrainian village was built on the territory of the stadium in Ashgabat. Snow was replaced by downy and biker blankets, salt, sulphate and mothballs, and local glassmakers created hundreds of icicles. Needless to say, wrapped in sheepskin coats and fur shawls, the actors fell from their feet from heat strokes, but this was not the most difficult during the filming. These are just technical details and descriptions of harsh conditions, which are now so fond of listing in TV shows and magazine articles, to blow out of empty movie stars something more than a major-licked “glamor”.

In the case of "Rainbow" is not required. Actress Elena Tyapkina, who plays Fedosi, sees the body of a son killed by the occupiers in the frame. But she doesn’t need to play at all, since Elena herself, shortly before the shootings, received a “burial” for her son Gleb, who volunteered for the front. Friends discouraged her from this role, quite reasonably believing that Elena would not mentally endure this agony. But she agreed with only one condition - no rehearsals and second duplicates - she simply could not. In the most terrible moments, when the actress was ready to quit, Mark Donskoy repeated the magic word of that era (now thoroughly forgotten) - “it is necessary”. And this “necessary” was not creative growth, as people so often say from this work is very distant, not a career, but to the people, home front workers and soldiers at the front. So that everyone can feel that there is somewhere a completely unknown and alien village to him, in which the same unfamiliar Fedosya lives, but she is waiting for the liberator warrior, thinks about him, and this brings people together.

Anton Dunaisky, who plays the role of Okhapka’s grandfather, was supposed to act during the trial of the Nazi leader. What forces it cost the Danube is difficult to imagine, because the whole acting group knew that Anton's family had been driven to Germany. And this unfortunate man on the eve of his 50 anniversary was totally alone. The Germans deprived him of all his relatives.

Mark Semenovich himself was able to achieve a kind of business trip to the newly liberated villages of the Moscow region before the start of filming. Donskoy talked with residents, got acquainted with the monstrous occupational conditions in which citizens were forced to live, who did not have time to evacuate or simply did not have such an opportunity. These were not just "impressions." Later, in his memoirs, the director admitted that the authors of some monologues in the film were not Wanda Vasilevskaya, on the basis of the story of the same name which they shot “Rainbow”, and not even Donskoy himself. Mark simply transferred to the screen the words of those peasants whom he met in the looted and burned villages of the Moscow region.

One of the first reviewers of "Rainbow" was the supreme commander Joseph Stalin. After watching, he personally called Donskoy. The highest praise was not even the congratulations of the steel leader of the peoples, but his conviction that the painting “would help in the struggle of the Soviet people against the fascist German invaders” (a phrase from the memoirs of Mark Donskoy).

This review has become such a powerful start in life for “Rainbow” that it was shown on the front lines, and at factories, in distant villages and collective farms. In fact, wherever it was possible to place a movie projector. Soon the picture jumped even across the ocean to our, then still, allies. After the film show at the White House, Franklin Roosevelt sent a telegram to Moscow stating that this film would be shown to the American people "in all its greatness." This in itself is a unique phenomenon, since foreign films in the United States are not taken to be translated - they are allowed to rent with subtitles. And the American man in the street, mostly educated with “comic book” thinking, is very lazy and watches films with subtitles with great reluctance. Those. Roosevelt had to personally assist in the rental of the Rainbow.

The picture was a great success, but was forgotten years after the war. This is doubly insulting, because making a film of the same power that can convey what our compatriots of that era lived is almost impossible. Krivoruk directors of various “Matilds” and “Stalingrads” will not be able to do this, which is creatively poor and historically illiterate. And who will play? Actress and beauty Elizabeth Boyarskaya, who is an actress, because Boyars, and beautiful, because Elizabeth, and not Stepan? Daniel Kozlovsky, from which from the screen blows advertising French perfume, even in the role of the old Russian prince? And therefore, as long as there is a tendency in which creatively strong patriotic films are not only not fashionable, they are also subjected to harassment (that the memory of the premiere of “28 Panfilov’s”) is not expected to change. Watch a good movie.
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  1. avia12005
    avia12005 27 March 2018 06: 37
    Modern Russian scriptwriters, directors and actors should be immersed in that life for two years. Maybe after that they will be able to give birth to something ...
    1. Cube123
      Cube123 27 March 2018 08: 31
      Quote: avia12005
      Modern Russian scriptwriters, directors and actors should be immersed in that life for two years. Maybe after that they will be able to give birth to something ...

      They need to be forced to starve for this. "A true artist must be hungry."
      "A full hungry one does not understand."
    2. Vend
      Vend 27 March 2018 09: 03
      I have not even heard of this film. He is not shown on Victory Day or 22 of June. Where did he go? It is necessary to find in the archive and see.
      1. DanSabaka
        DanSabaka 27 March 2018 13: 58
        1. Vend
          Vend 27 March 2018 14: 09
          Quote: DanSabaka

          Thank you
          1. DanSabaka
            DanSabaka 27 March 2018 14: 10
            not on health .....
    3. Pravodel
      Pravodel 29 March 2018 04: 04
      Will not help. They are brought up in a different morality: for them it is important not art, not truth in art, but how they look in this art, how they present themselves there, and, most importantly, how much dough they can pump out, cut down from art. All these directors and actresses are not servants of art, but servants of the golden calf, that dough that can provide them and their relatives a prosperous existence, best in azure France or the Bahamas ... Art for them is a way to make money. Hence such insignificance on the TV screen, in the theater, in the cinema.
      Throughout the reign of the USSR, these people fought censorship in art. Censorship has disappeared, now it is gone. What is the result? Instead of highly artistic works that you want to watch and revise, we are fed with garbage, excrement of human being, passing off this as a new word in art - installation. If people reject, turn away from shit, these artists, without a shadow of embarrassment, declare that the people are not ready for the perception of high art, they are miserable, not educated and do not understand how they want to make them happy ... Our righteous, preoccupied with fate people, they want to make him happy, but the people do not give in and do not want to understand that primitive wretched art is wealth that people should scoop up with a full spoon and slurp, slurp, slice, climbing into a bowl with a snout until they choke or drown. But, most importantly, the people should love such actresses, artisans from art and regularly carry and throw their money in a carefully framed piggy bank, the brooks from which just provide a comfortable, and even very comfortable, existence of mediocrity from art.
      No matter how much such figures of the USSR scolded and stigmatized, it’s enough to take a look, look at those masterpieces that were created in the first years of the Union’s existence, in conditions of utter ruin, general decay and decay, and compare with what was created in 25 years after the collapse of the USSR. Name at least one work of art today equal to those masterpieces that were created at the dawn of Soviet power and during the 75 years of its existence. There are none, nonexistent. 25 years of the existence of Russia is an artistic void filled with the scum of human life, cheap fakes for art. The question arises: if, under the conditions of censorship, artists could create, create masterpieces that remain for centuries, can we return to censorship and thus put a stop to vulgarity and tastelessness, earning money from art, then the true value will become clear to all the mediocre children of even the great Russian actors such as O. Efremov. Think about it...

      "People-State-Fatherland" - this is the slogan of every Russian patriot: a strong state, a united nation, a prosperous Fatherland that cannot be broken by internal and external enemies.
  2. parusnik
    parusnik 27 March 2018 08: 27
    In Soviet times, at 13.00 on Sunday, there was a program that talked about Russian and Soviet cinema, its history, the history of making films. Old films were shown. Then, the first and last time I saw the film "Rainbow". Tears rolled out of my eyes. But since then I haven’t seen him on TV ...
  3. Cheldon
    Cheldon 27 March 2018 09: 32
    I did not know, I need to see. A rainbow is a symbol of rebirth, salvation, hope and faith.
  4. sib.ataman
    sib.ataman 27 March 2018 11: 53
    The wind is your plus! To my shame, I did not see him in my conscious life. Maybe in childhood? But then the ponder was a children's room — if about the war, but without the war — it was not uninteresting, and did not look. It will be necessary to correct the gap.
  5. Imobile
    Imobile 27 March 2018 15: 49
    Fatty faces are the victims of McDonald, on the floor there is a laminate, plastic windows ...
    I would forbid making films about the war. Especially by order of the state. A film cannot be made by order, it must come from the heart. "Only old people go into battle" the best film about the war was shot despite the state that tried to crush the film, it did not work!
  6. andrewkor
    andrewkor 27 March 2018 19: 30
    Films of my childhood: Brest Fortress, Star, Scout feat, youth films: Ballad about a soldier, Cranes fly, Father of a soldier, Baltic sky, Alive and dead, They fought for their Motherland!
    1. naGua
      naGua 27 March 2018 20: 44
      Add more: “Peace to the incoming”, “At war, as at war”, “Chronicle of a dive bomber”, “Hot snow”, “On the roads of war”, “Torpedo bombers” and many, many other films.
      1. andrewkor
        andrewkor 28 March 2018 06: 30
        Yes, you’re right about everything that doesn’t take a soul! And what does it take for a soul now? Eggs of fate? ... Hunting, .... Fishing - purely neighing!
  7. demo
    demo 27 March 2018 22: 10
    The greatness of the people is manifested during severe trials.
    What to scold the current filmmakers for shallow?
    Thank God that there has been no war on our land for more than 70 years.
    Although people die, as during the plague.
    But I believe.
    The time will come and they will make a film about our hard times. And not one.
    History will put everything in its place.
    Naive? Although far from a boy.
  8. VeteranVSSSR
    VeteranVSSSR 28 March 2018 20: 57
    Quote: naGua
    Add more: “Peace to the incoming”, “At war, as at war”, “Chronicle of a dive bomber”, “Hot snow”, “On the roads of war”, “Torpedo bombers” and many, many other films.

    ... Long miles of war '', ,, Normandy-Niemen '', ,, Thirst '', Liberation '' ....
  9. Giharka
    Giharka 31 March 2018 15: 06
    The premiere of the film "321st Siberian" will be held on Victory Day
    The release date of the military drama on the big screen, which is shot by the Buryat director, has become known
    Leisure September 28, 2017, 18:38 4466 4 Natasha Sagan
    The premiere of the film "321st Siberian" will be held on Victory Day
    Photo: Olga Smorzhevskaya

    The film "321st Siberian" is being shot for the third year. Director Solbon Lygdenov for a long time studied the biographies of the Siberians who forged the victory. Their fate served as the basis for the script. For the first time, a film about the Great Patriotic War was created far from the places where the battles were fought - in Buryatia and in the Irkutsk region. The Unginskaya valley in the Nukutsky region resembles the Volgograd chalk steppes, therefore large battles are filmed here, Vesti-Irkutsk reports.

    August 1 2017
    “We Are Fraternal Peoples”: Mongols and Kalmyks starred in the film “321st Siberian”

    Almost 200 people participate in the most popular scene in the Unga Valley. These are residents of the Irkutsk region and Buryatia. With the help of an excavator, a trench 200 meters long was dug and lime was sprinkled on the ground to convey this white hue, characteristic of the Don steppe.

    The creative team calls the film folk. The entire budget is voluntary donations. And whoever helps than they can. People carry products, props.

    - I traveled to the Don steppe, to the Klet steppes, where our 321st division fought. And it is very expensive for our groups formed in Chita, in Ulan-Ude, to go on such expeditions. And we decided here in the Irkutsk region to find such places, ”says Solbon Lygdenov, director of the film“ 321st Siberian ”.

    Actors work for the idea. Some live for weeks on the set in order to thus pay off the memory debt to their grandfathers who died at the front. The famous Russian actor Georgy Dronov came from Moscow for a few days to play a small role.

    - In order to take part in a war film, I do not need to persuade. That was my dream. Thanks to Solbon for inviting me here, ”says George Dronov.

    Photo: / personal page of S. Lygdenov

    After the Unga Valley, the film crew will go to Svirsk. There, in an abandoned battery factory, street battles will be shot in Stalingrad. And then they’ll start editing the film. The premiere will take place on May 9, 2018.

    5 May 2017
    Solbon Lygdenov on the “321st Siberian”: “I believe in our project and will not let it all collapse”

    Recall, the director of the film "321st Siberian" Solbon Lygdenov began shooting in 2014. The initial budget amount of the painting is 100 million rubles. However, financial problems accompany the film almost all the time. Support for funding was promised by the leaders of all major Siberian regions, the business community, and the ministry of culture. But, as the director explains, the film crew did not wait for real help from everyone. However, in early September, 50 percent of the material had already been shot.

    “My dear comrades! Countrymen! To all those who think that we have huge resources and the opportunity to scatter them in all directions and at the same time not to repay debt, you are deeply mistaken! No cash! The promised money did not arrive! Not a penny !!! We shoot only because some good people feed us, provide housing, some people fill in gasoline and give us vehicles of any caliber! The crowd is removed for free, local actors do not require royalties! Many professionals help us in debt! They believe us and thank you so much for that! Truly folk cinema !!! ”, says Solbon Lygdenov.
    Information from the site
    -filma-321-ya-sibirskaya-sostoitsya-v-den-pobedy /