Military Review

The troops are testing the navigation system for the superhigh landing

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The Russian military are experiencing an all-weather navigation and control system for superhigh landing, report News.




As told to the newspaper in the military department, the navigation and command complex is intended for special forces and intelligence officers. It is designed "to coordinate the actions of reconnaissance and sabotage units when performing superhigh jumps and provides highly accurate landing of fighters." The complex uses both satellite and inertial (independent of external radio signals) navigation system, which makes it invulnerable to EW facilities.

“In the case of superhigh jumps, the fighters leave the carrier at 10-11 km altitude, open parachutes and plan to the intended landing site. Navigators control the altitude, speed, weather conditions in the drop zone. They allow paratroopers to track their location, suggest which maneuvers to perform. The fighters see where their comrades are, and the commander can control the actions of all subordinates and, if necessary, control their flight, ”the material says.

It is reported that the system consists of 3-x basic elements. On the chest of a fighter over the body armor is mounted the control unit (cm 15x15). It processes all flight information and issues instructions. At the level of the abdomen (on a special bracket) is a tablet, the screen of which displays navigation data, a map of the area and electronic prompts. Push-button control allows you to work with the tablet in gloves. In case of failure of the electronics on another bracket mounted compass.

In memory of the computer, you can enter one main touchdown point and two spare.

Due to the nature of modern conflicts, parachutes are rarely used to deliver special forces to the area of ​​operation. But if the enemy has a developed air defense system, then the parachute assault is the only way to secretly and without loss get into its rear. The carrier aircraft can land a detachment without entering the zone of action of enemy air defense weapons,
told the publication of the current special forces officer.

According to him, “the problem is that sabotage and reconnaissance groups are usually thrown at night or in bad weather, when it’s easy to“ get lost in the sky ”and land the wrong way.”

If reconnaissance fighters are scattered over a large area, they will spend a lot of time searching for each other and will not be able to complete the combat mission in time. Reliable means of navigation and coordination significantly increase the chances of an operation’s success,
added interlocutor.
Photos used:
RIA Novosti / Vitaliy Ankov
15 comments
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  1. Thrall
    Thrall 12 March 2018 12: 21
    0
    Batman nervously smokes "Belomor" on the sidelines smile
    1. Shurik70
      Shurik70 12 March 2018 13: 14
      +1
      And why immediately open the parachute?
      The same vinsuit suit will deliver to the target much faster than a parachute, and allowing you to perform effective evasion maneuvers. Or aero board for example. And if there is a small engine to the aerodosque, then you can also evade against air defense. And just before landing by parachute.

  2. klaus16
    klaus16 12 March 2018 12: 45
    0
    Okay, that’s good. And the paratroopers themselves, what is impossible to detect? In such an air defense area, be healthy.
  3. abrakadabre
    abrakadabre 12 March 2018 13: 08
    0
    During super-high jumps, fighters leave the carrier aircraft at an altitude of 10-11 km, open parachutes and plan to the intended landing site.
    There are several points that are probably unknown to the author of the article:
    1. How long will a person live at an altitude of 10-11 km without a special spacesuit that compensates for low atmospheric pressure. As far as I know, very little at all. And without loss of labor and combat effectiveness, even less.
    2. As I know, because of the rarefied atmosphere, the use of parachutes above 5-6 thousand meters is impractical. Even the performers of ultra-high record jumps from ~ 40 km revealed theirs at the above altitude. Bo at a higher altitude, the parachute does not work well and there is a great threat of its collapse and entanglement, followed by an uncontrolled fall, already in the form of a “meteorite”. The effective area of ​​the dome required at such heights is excessively large for its transportation and use by humans. Therefore, such jumps are done as follows: a person flies in a free fall to a height of 5-6 thousand meters, after which a small stabilizing parachute is thrown first, which guides the jumper and first reduces the fall speed to an acceptable (safe for a person) to open the main dome. And then the latter is revealed.
    1. tchack
      tchack 12 March 2018 13: 24
      +4
      Well, if you focus on the picture for the article, then - YES.

      In general, the Stayer parachute system for extra-high landing (including both an oxygen cylinder, a suit, and everything necessary) was presented at Army 2016. On it you can jump from 8000 meters.
    2. emwave
      emwave 12 March 2018 22: 14
      0
      Did you jump with a parachute? Why 5-6 thousand. You can open at 300 meters (automatic reserve parachute on the D6 so set up for beginners). And from a great height in a mask and a winksuit (or on a small high-speed parachute) you steer where the compass shows. It all depends on the distance from the discharge to the destination. You can fly with a small parachute with a very high horizontal speed (in YouTube there is a video where a man is next to the winxute and even sits on this parachute).
      1. abrakadabre
        abrakadabre 12 March 2018 22: 33
        0
        Did you jump with a parachute?
        Jumped.
        Can be opened at 300 meters
        Can. But that is not the question. The question is what exactly is written in the article. And the article implies that the disclosure with subsequent controlled planning occurs at 10-11 km.
  4. aud13
    aud13 12 March 2018 13: 20
    0
    Yet again. The speed of the VTA aircraft when landing 300-400 km.
    I wonder how they are at an altitude of 10-11 km, they can fly at that speed. Or is it possible, given the fact that the height is large, that the speed during landing can be increased?
    1. abrakadabre
      abrakadabre 12 March 2018 22: 35
      0
      Or is it possible, given the fact that the height is large, that the speed during landing can be increased?
      Here it is rather thought that because of the thin air, you can safely jump at a higher speed. But these are all our speculations. What the author wanted to say is a mystery.
  5. Prutkov
    Prutkov 12 March 2018 13: 53
    +1
    something new would be developed for the pilots so that they could fly away from the place of attack of the aircraft.
  6. Xscorpion
    Xscorpion 12 March 2018 20: 53
    +2
    Quote: abrakadabre
    During super-high jumps, fighters leave the carrier aircraft at an altitude of 10-11 km, open parachutes and plan to the intended landing site.
    There are several points that are probably unknown to the author of the article:
    1. How long will a person live at an altitude of 10-11 km without a special spacesuit that compensates for low atmospheric pressure. As far as I know, very little at all. And without loss of labor and combat effectiveness, even less.
    2. As I know, because of the rarefied atmosphere, the use of parachutes above 5-6 thousand meters is impractical. Even the performers of ultra-high record jumps from ~ 40 km revealed theirs at the above altitude. Bo at a higher altitude, the parachute does not work well and there is a great threat of its collapse and entanglement, followed by an uncontrolled fall, already in the form of a “meteorite”. The effective area of ​​the dome required at such heights is excessively large for its transportation and use by humans. Therefore, such jumps are done as follows: a person flies in a free fall to a height of 5-6 thousand meters, after which a small stabilizing parachute is thrown first, which guides the jumper and first reduces the fall speed to an acceptable (safe for a person) to open the main dome. And then the latter is revealed.


    1. A spacesuit up to an altitude of 12 km is not needed, only oxygen equipment for breathing is needed.
    2. From crossbows they make jumps from heights up to 8 km. Your data on the speed of planes is valid for ordinary paratroopers of the first year of service when jumping with stabilization. Do you think that pilots of IL-76 can withstand speeds up to 400 km / h so often? As a rule, these speeds are higher. In addition, special forces and reconnaissance must be able to land in extreme conditions, so that for them all acceptable indicators are often increased. In the Western armies there are parachutes from which you can land from 9 km. And even 10 years ago in "Bratishke" read that in Germany parachutes for landing from an altitude of 10 km and above and capable of moving horizontally at distances of 100-200 km, depending on weather conditions, have been developed. I was not interested to be honest, they are now armed or not. So, nothing there is no revolutionary and impossible here.
    1. emwave
      emwave 12 March 2018 22: 20
      0
      For our army, this is a real innovation. And so - I agree with you.
    2. abrakadabre
      abrakadabre 12 March 2018 22: 46
      0
      Your aircraft speed data is valid for regular first-year paratroopers during stabilization diving. Do you think that IL-76 pilots can withstand speeds up to 400 km / h so often?
      I no longer meant the horizontal velocity of the drop, but the vertical velocity of the fall in rarefied air. So, during stratospheric jumps in rarefied air, the speed of free fall exceeds the speed of sound at the surface of the Earth. That is, above ~ 1200 km / h or 330 m / s. At a lower height, it is of course lower, because the air is denser.
      When opening the parachute, all this speed should go out very quickly. And this is a very strong jerk, to put it mildly uncomfortable for the jumping one. It is to reduce the vertical speed before opening the main dome that requires a smaller brake. Plus, he turns the person in the right position before disclosing. This is especially important for a person with additional cargo in the form of weapons, ammunition, and other equipment.
      This is if you want to open the parachute at maximum height. Or you will have to fly in a long jump to denser layers, where the vertical speed is extinguished naturally by air resistance (for ordinary jumps up to 1000 m, the free fall speed for an ordinary person is in the range of 170-190 km / h, depending on the size and weight of the jumping one) and open the dome closer to the ground.
  7. aud13
    aud13 13 March 2018 11: 32
    0
    In fact, for special forces and intelligence agents it is necessary to come up with fundamentally new methods and equipment for landing. To quietly leave the aircraft located at a great distance, flying at cruising speed and at high altitude. What kind of invisible mini capsules with control and independent engine.
  8. Xscorpion
    Xscorpion 16 March 2018 19: 51
    0
    Quote: abrakadabre
    Your aircraft speed data is valid for regular first-year paratroopers during stabilization diving. Do you think that IL-76 pilots can withstand speeds up to 400 km / h so often?
    I no longer meant the horizontal velocity of the drop, but the vertical velocity of the fall in rarefied air. So, during stratospheric jumps in rarefied air, the speed of free fall exceeds the speed of sound at the surface of the Earth. That is, above ~ 1200 km / h or 330 m / s. At a lower height, it is of course lower, because the air is denser.
    When opening the parachute, all this speed should go out very quickly. And this is a very strong jerk, to put it mildly uncomfortable for the jumping one. It is to reduce the vertical speed before opening the main dome that requires a smaller brake. Plus, he turns the person in the right position before disclosing. This is especially important for a person with additional cargo in the form of weapons, ammunition, and other equipment.
    This is if you want to open the parachute at maximum height. Or you will have to fly in a long jump to denser layers, where the vertical speed is extinguished naturally by air resistance (for ordinary jumps up to 1000 m, the free fall speed for an ordinary person is in the range of 170-190 km / h, depending on the size and weight of the jumping one) and open the dome closer to the ground.


    10-11 km is not the stratosphere, but the troposphere, there is air there, only the amount of oxygen is less and unsuitable for breathing.