Military Review

How defended Moscow. Feat Podolsk cadets

42
On September 30, 1941, Hitlerite Germany and its satellites and allies launched an offensive on Moscow. The Fuhrer’s plans to seize the Soviet capital before the approaching winter were seriously violated by the battle for Smolensk, which lasted two months. Although the Nazis still managed to capture the city and inflict a serious defeat on the units and formations of the Red Army defending Smolensk, time was lost. But Hitler and his entourage did not lose hope of taking Moscow before the cold. In the Moscow sector, the forces of Army Group Center were concentrated with a total strength of 1 troops, including 929 (according to other sources 406) divisions. The army group was armed with about 72 thousand tanks and self-propelled artillery mounts, 14 thousand artillery pieces and mortars, 780 aircraft.




For the defense of the capital, Stalin concentrated the forces of several fronts. Only the Western, Reserve and Bryansk fronts to 30 September 1941 had 1 250 000 people. Almost all the forces that the Red Army had in the capital area were thrown to the defense of Moscow. Civilians were mobilized to build fortifications.

In the meantime, the nazis were rapidly moving towards Moscow. October 3 1941 troops of Nazi Germany broke into Orel, October 6 X-NUMX Panzer Division of the Wehrmacht captured Bryansk, and 17-I Panzer Division - Karachev. Three Soviet armies - 18-I, 3-I and 13-I - were surrounded by Bryansk, and commander of the Bryansk Front, Colonel-General A.I. Eremenko was seriously wounded and was evacuated to Moscow on a special plane. The situation in the Vyazma region was extremely unfavorable. Here, 50 divisions, 37 tank brigades, 9 artillery regiment of the RGC and the control of 31, 19, 20 and 24 armies were surrounded. More than 32 of thousands of Soviet soldiers and officers were captured, with the commander of the 688 Army Lt. Gen. M. Lukin and the former 19 Army Commander Major-General S. V. Vishnevsky being among the prisoners. The commander of the 32 Army, Major General K. I. Rakutin, was killed. Only 24 of thousands of servicemen managed to escape from the environment.

In early October 1941, the enemy continued the offensive in the area of ​​Maloyaroslavets. On October 5, the Nazis occupied the city of Yukhnov (Kaluga region), but on the Warsaw highway the advanced units of the 10 tank division of the 57 th Wehrmacht motorized corps were blocked by a small detachment of 430 paratroopers commanded by the paratroop command of the Western Front, Captain Ivan Senior. He raised paratroopers on his own initiative and for several days held defenses against the many times superior and well-armed forces of the enemy.

Forces that could be used in the defense of the capital, became less and less. The reserve remained cadets of military schools of the Moscow region. October 5 1941 was alerted to the personnel of the infantry and artillery schools in Podolsk near Moscow. These military schools were established in Podolsk in 1938-1940, when the USSR rapidly increased the number of armed forces, paying particular attention to the development of the military education system.

In September, the Podolsk Artillery School, designed to train anti-tank artillery commanders, was established in 1938. The school simultaneously had four artillery battalions as part of three training batteries, each of which included an 4 platoon. The personnel of each training battery numbered about 120 cadets, and only about 1500 people were trained at the Podolsk Artillery School. Head of the Podolsk Artillery School in 1941, was Colonel Ivan Semenovich Strelbitsky (1890-1980) - a professional soldier, the civil war and at the beginning of the Great Patriotic War, commanded 8-Artillery Brigade antitank defense, and then appointed head of the school.
In the same Podolsk, in January 1940, another military educational institution was established - the Podolsk Infantry School, which trained infantry platoon commanders. It also had 4 training battalions, each of which included 4 training companies from 120-150 cadets. The total number of cadets of the Podolsk Infantry School numbered more than 2000 cadets.

From December 1940, the Podolsk Infantry School was led by Major General Vasily Andreyevich Smirnov (1889-1979), a former officer of the tsarist army, a graduate of the Vilna military school and a participant in the First World War, who served in the imperial army before the commander of the 141 battalion. and then fought in the Civil War on the side of the Red Army. Immediately before being appointed head of the school, Vasily Smirnov led a special group at the military council of the Moscow Military District, and before that he was an assistant to the commander of the 17 Gorky rifle division of the Red Army.

Thus, by the beginning of World War II, there were more than 3500 cadets in the Podolsk military schools. Mostly they were yesterday's schoolchildren, as well as young people with complete secondary education who were recruited by the military registration and enlistment offices for short-term training, followed by production to the commanding ranks and sent to the front as platoon commanders.

When in the defense of the Soviet troops in the Ilinsky combat section of the Mozhaisk line of defense of Moscow a serious breach occurred, the command had no choice but to raise Podolsk military schools, forming a combined force of more than 3500 people from their cadets. It became known later that the Supreme Commander IV personally gave instructions to close the gap of the Podolsk cadets personally. Stalin. The forward detachment of the infantry school, reinforced by an artillery battalion, advanced to the position of Maloyaroslavets. However, the command immediately faced a big problem - it was not so easy to form even one artillery division in the school. One of the few miraculously surviving participants in the terrible battle, Pyotr Lebedev recalled that the training artillery park contained mostly outdated samples of artillery guns, some of which had to be removed even from the classrooms. But the most important problem was the almost complete absence of transport, since the artillery school was serviced by horses, and there were only a few cars. I had to mobilize civilian drivers with vehicles of institutions and enterprises.

The personnel of cadet companies and batteries almost completely consisted of yesterday's school leavers who had time to study in schools a few weeks after the start of the school year. After all, those cadets who had time to listen to the accelerated course were already released into front-line infantry and artillery units. Therefore, it was up to inexperienced guys to defend a trusted sector of the front. And it was they, young Podolsk cadets, who had just begun to master the military professions, accomplished an impressive feat, having restrained the onslaught of selected Hitlerite armies.

How defended Moscow. Feat Podolsk cadets


River Monster. A typical small river in Central Russia, only a kilometer long 72, flows on the territory of the Kaluga Region. It was here, in a quiet river, the vanguard of the Podolsk cadets took their first fight. In the area of ​​the river arrived a group of German motorized infantry on motorcycles and armored cars. The attack of the paratroopers and cadets of the infantry school took the Nazis by surprise. The enemy managed to be thrown far beyond the river Izver, to the western bank of the Ugra River. Of course, the cadets could not release Yukhnov with such small forces, but the first military victory very much inspired yesterday's boys. October 6 cadets took up defense in the Ilinsky combat area. They were to defend their positions on the east bank of the Vypryka and Luzha rivers, between the villages of Lukyanovo and Malaya Shubinka.

Hitler's command was oriented rather quickly. The air raids began, then - artillery shelling, and then German tanks moved to the Podolsk cadet positions. But the cadets kept the defense. Long-term firing points and long-term wooden-earthen firing points were equipped, which allowed the cadets to conduct active fire on the enemy, causing serious damage to equipment and personnel. October 13, desperate to break the resistance of cadets in a frontal attack, the Nazi command invented a deceptive maneuver. Tanks went to the rear of the heroic Soviet soldiers under red flags to create the appearance of "their". But the cadets quickly understood the essence of what was happening and were able to destroy the attacking enemy tanks. The command of the advancing units of the Wehrmacht was in a frenzy - the “red junkers”, as the Germans called the Podolsk cadets, broke all their plans to quickly overcome the line of defense.

On October 15, Major General Smirnov, the head of the infantry school, seeing the difficult situation of the 3 Battalion of the cadets, advanced his reserve to him. The cadets ran out of ammunition and had to go to the Nazis in bayonet attack. By the morning of October 16, the cadets had only 5 artillery guns left, and even those were equipped with incomplete gun crews.

October 16 Nazis again struck a serious blow to the Ilinsky combat area. First, tanks and artillery guns suppressed the firing points of cadets in bunkers and bunkers. However, in the village of Sergeevka, one of the well-disguised pillboxes was never discovered by the Germans. There were cadets under the command of the commander of the 4 battery of the Podolsk artillery school, Lieutenant A.I. Aleshkina. Cadet Belyaev, who commanded the calculation of the 45-millimeter cannon, managed to knock down several enemy combat vehicles. The Nazis surrounded the pillbox and attacked him from the rear, throwing grenades through the embrasure. Almost all DotA defenders died.

October 17 had to withdraw the command post of the consolidated detachment to the village of Lukyanovo, where the 5 Company of the Podolsk Infantry School was located, but already on October 18, the Hitlerites attacked the command post and then, after that, the joint detachment commander General Smirnov at the head of 5 and 8 remnants th cadet companies organized the defense of the village of Lukyanovo. Only 20 of October, the cadets began to depart from the line of defense, and 25 of October were relegated to the rear for the further advancement of their studies - the schools were temporarily transferred to Ivanovo.



Of the 3500 people in the ranks, only about 500 people remained. Approximately 2500 cadets and commanders of the Podolsk military schools died in battles with superior enemy forces. Since the bodies of the dead remained on the battlefields until December 1941 - January 1942, when they were buried, most of the dead cadets were not identified and reported missing.

The contribution of yesterday's school students to the defense of Moscow is huge. Podolsk cadets destroyed about 5 thousands of German soldiers and officers, 100 tanks and armored personnel carriers. While the “Red Junkers” were restraining the offensive of the enemy forces, they managed to create and strengthen a new line of defense and draw reserves. Those of Podolsk cadets and commanders who were fortunate enough to survive the defense of Moscow, subsequently fought on the fronts of the Great Patriotic War. So, one of the few surviving cadets, Mikhail Lev, had an amazing fate. Having got wounded in German captivity, he managed to escape, became a scout, and then the chief of staff of a partisan detachment, and after the war - a writer. It was Mikhail Lev who was one of the first to tell the world about the feat of his classmates - Podolsk cadets in the chapter “Cadets” of the autobiographical book “Partisan Paths” (1948).

The commander of the Podolsk Artillery School, Ivan Strelbitsky, on November 9 received the rank of Major General, commanded artillery in the 1941 Army, 60 Shock Army, 3 Guards Army, in 2, he served as lieutenant-general, continued to serve. of war. In 1944-1954 Lt. Gen. Ivan Strelbitsky served as chief of the Radio Engineering Forces. The head of the Podolsk Infantry School, Vasily Smirnov, also went through the war - commanded the 1956-th Moscow Rifle Division, 2-th Red Banner Kharkov Division, and after the war led the military cycle of the Military Pedagogical Institute of the Soviet Army, then before 116 - the military department of the Moscow Institute of Foreign Trade .

The feat of Podolsk cadets began to study for the twentieth anniversary of the Great Victory - in 1965 year. In 1966, schoolchildren from the city of Klimovsk and Komsomol members of Podolsk made a special multi-day hike through places of military glory to Podolsk cadets. In 1975, to the 30 anniversary of the Victory, a monument to Podolsk cadets was erected in Podolsk, in 1985 - a monument in Saransk and a memorial on Warsaw highway. In honor of Podolsk cadets five schools of the Russian Federation are named. The memory of the brave young fighters are devoted to songs, literary works.
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  1. moskowit
    moskowit 16 February 2018 06: 45
    +9
    Many people learned about the feat of Podolsky cadets from Strelbitsky's essay published in the journal Yunost No. 2 for the 1966 year ...
    In 1969, we, a group of students, were admitted to the Komsomol at the site of the first battle of cadets with fascists on the Ugra River .... There at that time a small obelisk was erected .... In his book "Memoirs and Reflections" by G.K. Zhukov writes about this ...
    But now everyone writes and remembers the Ilyinsky line, and the first battle, unfortunately, remained “in the shadow” .....
  2. kipage
    kipage 16 February 2018 06: 52
    +23
    A very interesting movie once watched
    There, and the corresponding song praised the feat
    1. Okolotochny
      Okolotochny 16 February 2018 13: 01
      +11
      ““ Battle for Moscow ”by Yu.Ozerov. There, by the way, the storyline connected the cadets of the infantry school and Z. Kosmodemyanskaya. By the way, it was for the first time that he learned about the cadets’s feat from this film.
      1. Serge72
        Serge72 16 February 2018 18: 33
        +19
        Himself by the way for the first time learned about the feat of cadets from this film.

        I also
        1. Reptiloid
          Reptiloid 17 February 2018 05: 59
          +1
          Thanks to the author for the article.
          Such are the Soviet Komsomol members.
          I'll watch the movie.
      2. ICT
        ICT 17 February 2018 14: 20
        +2
        ......................
  3. Olgovich
    Olgovich 16 February 2018 07: 25
    +5
    most of the dead cadets were never identified and were reported missing.
    With all the consequences ....
    In general, the collective feat of the cadets was, but in each case, no ....
    somehow wrong ....
    1. Huumi
      Huumi 16 February 2018 12: 19
      +3
      I somehow mentioned this in one of the comments to some article, I was mixed with dirt for a long time and as soon as I was not called ... I’m still washing myself right now ... Strange people, but here it is already given in the article ... How is that?
  4. parusnik
    parusnik 16 February 2018 07: 50
    +4
    Like a fast spring river
    Life in my country was boiling
    When the brutal war came
    This is not a dream in a nightmare.
    The boys of our fun yard
    Suddenly all war soldiers became
    It’s a harsh time to grow up,
    Four years to beat the enemies of the sworn.
    The enemy boldly tormented the stubble,
    Suffering, death and fear carrying with them.
    Their goal was to capture Moscow,
    And to level my homeland with the earth.
    And unshooted cadet boys
    They were only eighteen years old
    Fearing fearlessly, undermining tanks,
    Having taken a stern military vow.
    They stood to death, sparing no life,
    In the bloody battles near Moscow.
    Young boys, believing in victory,
    Defending their native land.
    They had to accept death in this battle,
    Gathering the remnants of strength and will into a fist,
    They didn’t get any awards,
    They fought to the last drop of blood.
    Before the Fatherland honor was not violated,
    One out of ten survived
    They defended their native country,
    And in memory their feat will live on!
  5. Black joe
    Black joe 16 February 2018 08: 26
    +5
    Completely children
    But you have to
    Eagles
    Lions
    1. kiriak88
      kiriak88 16 February 2018 14: 11
      +3
      Men with a big "M".
  6. nivander
    nivander 16 February 2018 10: 06
    +13
    cadets are a very valuable resource. they are essentially professional military men, not soldiers from remote villages — high training and no less high watered. training made them very dangerous opponents, and not only the time of the Second World War. In 1991, one consolidated company of cadets (3,4 year) of the Kamenetz-Podolsk Higher Engineering Command School so famously defended the families of the command staff who were evacuated from Alyat (AzSSR), that the local basmachi still a week after the end of the evacuation, they could not decide to leave the birth pits and palm trees. And this despite the presence of 900 tons of gasoline on the abandoned fuel and lubricant base
  7. Alexey RA
    Alexey RA 16 February 2018 11: 52
    +13
    The most famous battle on the Ilyinsky lines:

    October 16, 1941 (also dated October 13, 1941). The Germans went around the Ilyinsky defense knot and tried to attack it from the rear. To support the German infantry was sent to the company "Prague", reinforced by a pair of "fours." The German tankers decided to insolently go along the road - who is waiting for the enemy from the rear? But to their misfortune, the defense of the cadets was built in such a way that even the rear road was blocked by bunkers and anti-tank vehicles. The result is minus 14 tanks in 10 minutes. Moreover, one of the crippled “fours” is regularly confused with the “shtug” - after the detonation of the BC, the car lost the tower. smile
    ICH, this episode is documented from two sides - there are a lot of German photos of a broken tank column.
    1. Town Hall
      Town Hall 16 February 2018 12: 06
      0
      Something doesn’t particularly draw on the photo of the crushed column
      1. Alexey RA
        Alexey RA 16 February 2018 17: 56
        +7
        Quote: Town Hall
        Something doesn’t particularly draw on the photo of the crushed column

        Here is a panorama collected from different shots:

        “Shtug” is not “Shtug”, but a crazy four.
        On the German side there is a description of that battle from the participant’s diary - how tanks lit up one after another.
        1. Town Hall
          Town Hall 18 February 2018 07: 59
          0
          Quote: Alexey RA
          On the German side there is a description of that battle from the participant’s diary - how tanks lit up one after another.




          Can I have a link to the German description of this battle? ... interested in the topic. Thank you
          1. Alexey RA
            Alexey RA 19 February 2018 11: 02
            0
            Quote: Town Hall
            Can I have a link to the German description of this battle? ... interested in the topic. Thank you

            Yes, of course:
            http://www.eco-kovcheg.ru/ilinskie_rubezhi-04.htm
            l
  8. Galleon
    Galleon 16 February 2018 12: 13
    +6
    Cadet battalions are one of many, many heroic pages of that war, but one of those pages on which too little is written. Therefore, I perceive every publication, every episode in the film about cadet battalions as a monument to those boys.
    Thank you, Ilya!
  9. Huumi
    Huumi 16 February 2018 12: 16
    0
    Somehow I wrote about this earlier in the comments-Mixed me here with dirt right away ...
    Of the 3500 people in the ranks, only about 500 people remained. Approximately 2500 cadets and commanders of the Podolsk military schools died in battles with superior enemy forces. Since the bodies of the dead remained on the battlefields until December 1941 - January 1942, when they were buried, most of the dead cadets were not identified and reported missing.
  10. kiriak88
    kiriak88 16 February 2018 14: 15
    +5
    Eternal Memory of the Fallen.
    Many thanks to the author. You read tears in your eyes, and there is a lump in your throat.
  11. Jeremiah
    Jeremiah 16 February 2018 17: 36
    +5
    Of course, throwing future officers into battle is a case of complete hopelessness and the absence of another way out. It was not for nothing that I.V. personally took this decision. The heroism of these boys is particularly impressive and worthy of respect and worship at the sight of some of the current representatives of the teenage generation .... But I want to note another thing - 18 days, 3500 boys who knew how and what to do under the guidance of those who taught them this. without the support of tanks and aircraft with the old artillery, he restrained the enemy’s forces, who were going to take Moscow, that is, very solid forces and not just restrained, but beat ... 100 tanks, well kept ..... Wherever the Wehrmacht ended, so start fighting with him at the border. So then officers were taught well, and mutual assistance and skills and ability and thinking were present even after several months of study .. And besides, they already had a good education by the standards of a citizen .. That is, they are almost professionals with a good civil foundation and moral qualities. e. maybe not all were convinced communists and Komsomol members, but they knew firmly that the enemy who invaded your land should be destroyed at every opportunity, and not look for the opportunity to shed or pull prisoners and reassure themselves with the thought that it’s all the same who to plow for the Soviets or German. The Germans really quickly disappointed such dreamers.The feat of these heroes was a consequence of the Vyazemsky and Bryansk cauldrons, in which there were 7 armies and 700 thousand were captured. ? 00tys. think about it ... that if they had gone for a breakthrough under the guidance of an intelligent company who knows what intelligence is and can determine the area of ​​a breakthrough, they would have trampled anyone with just three rulers. Here they will begin to talk about the losses, and how many of them disappeared in the camps ingloriously ... all, and so part of them would have remained alive and would have served their homeland. It’s just that in one of the komenti it was rightly noted that soldiers from deaf villages and not even from deaf ones .... Neither trainability, nor some kind of morality need to be made of them first, then warriors .. .... Here is another reason why so quickly to Moscow rolled. . A strange coincidence in the Far Eastern divisions that saved the capital was mainly old-timers, and it wasn’t very good there with the rural households and it was rather weak with the collective farmers
    1. Cat
      Cat 16 February 2018 19: 34
      +12
      And if you look at a sober head?
      1. Podolsky Kusanty headed the faculty of the school. People with knowledge and experience. It was the skillful organization of defense that made it possible for yesterday's boys to resist.
      2. Like it or not, cadet batteries were saturated with artillery. Let it be old, with a scanty amount of ammunition, but there were guns. Considering that the training stands were dismantled from the classes and one of the three training stands was assembled, only for this it is possible to erect a monument to the initiators, organizers and performers. And given that this zoo was delivered, confiscating and mobilizing everything and everyone, the monument must be erected in gold.
      3. Your pearl with the peasantry is inappropriate; google from which Siberians Panfilov’s division was formed! In fact, any battle, any scale rests on the command staff! So the principle of unity of command in the army has steered and will steer.
      1. saigon
        saigon 16 February 2018 19: 42
        +6
        You have correctly noticed that the command staff is competent, and oh, how much it means!
      2. Aviator_
        Aviator_ 16 February 2018 20: 13
        +9
        That's right, but about Panfilov's “Siberians” - as I understand it, sarcasm. Panfilov’s division was formed in southern Kazakhstan.
        1. Cat
          Cat 16 February 2018 21: 24
          +6
          Yes, dear Sergey, you are right a little "laugh", although humanly - this is not a joke. But when some members of the forum begin to "forge myths" annoying! How easy it is to issue a “stamp” in a post, referring to one or two little books. Especially on a national or social basis.
          The Great Patriotic War was a terrible broom, which swept everything good and bad to the surface. Victory in this war was achieved by the efforts of many and contrary to many. So, throwing a bike about the "cowards" from Central Asia, do not forget to remember how they met our evacuated women and children, shared the last cake and a place in the house. The above-cited myth "about the Russian peasant", which, before being put under arms, had to be washed, taught to use toilet paper, a toothbrush, etc., belongs to a similar category. Moreover, according to the "myth", the Leningrad and Moscow intelligentsia exclusively dealt with this. It began to procrastinate 30-40 years ago in both capitals. Today, 2-3 generations sincerely believe that their grandmother, explaining how to use the sled to dumb-headed villagers, has accomplished a minimum feat! Sad but true!
          I have no desire to plead with anyone. The war simply set priorities on the one hand the tsarist officer Karbyshev, on the other the Bolsheviks Vlasov. The choice is yours.........
          Regards Kotische!
          1. Aviator_
            Aviator_ 17 February 2018 15: 39
            +7
            Yes, of course, I had no doubt that “Siberian Panfilov” you ran a number of local residents. As for Central Asia and its indigenous people - I have a look here directly from the inside, since historically I am closely connected with Uzbekistan. My father, who grew up there, already in the 1971 year, when we were there with him, already noted that the inhabitants have changed a lot compared to the 30-50 years. In my childhood I didn’t notice anything. And then there was the end of the 80's - the beginning of the 90's, and these natives (not the ones who fought and worked in the rear during the war) began to kill the Russians with impunity. (Six soldiers of the construction battalion burned in a bus in Namangan in 1990). All my relatives then escaped from Namangan, (so I just cooked pilaf in the cauldron, which I got). Probably, the reason for such scoffing is that after the XX Congress the state ideology actually disappeared, radical Islamic, and so on, began to take its place by the end of the 80’s. And now the appeal of ISIS is probably what they offer wild, medieval, but understandable ideology. And without ideology it is impossible, there will certainly be some, even in an implicit form. I completely share your attitude to the metropolitan intelligentsia, to which Lenin’s definition (the intelligentsia - Mr. nation) is very accurate. I've seen enough of her here, and now many representatives are bored. Therefore, I do not like Bulgakov’s “Heart of a Dog”, although there are many admirers of Professor Preobrazhensky here. Well, okay, it's time to end, and then after “Ararat” I’m too verbose (granddaughter’s birthday). I read your comments with pleasure.
            Regards, Aviator
            1. Cat
              Cat 18 February 2018 09: 07
              +2
              Dear Sergey, we live now and here! So the reality of being, they are fleeting. There is no point in seeing a person of a different nationality, creed and skin color, to perceive him according to the merits of his ancestors! The proverb is 100% true - we meet on clothes, see off the mind. So here, the Tajik grandfather standing shoulder to shoulder with my case at 41 is one thing, today's Tajik still has to turn his shoulders in order to compare with his grandfather in my eyes.
              So somewhere so respectfully, sincerely your Cat!
              1. Aviator_
                Aviator_ 18 February 2018 11: 59
                +2
                Yes, of course, we see what is happening now. Who would have thought, even 30 years ago, that in Ukraine such 30-year-olds would be "cyborgs"? But our main adversary is changing - the USA. Father very sarcastically commented on the Chinese capture of the US state intelligence officer Orion, it seems, 15 years ago, when the Americans, under the escort of Su-27, neatly brought him to the airport. My father told me how during the Korean war the MiG-15 brought the RB-29 to land in Andun, so the American intentionally sat down very rudely, and threw the container with the results of the shooting over the sea. If interested, I can send in a personal reminder of my studies, which I wrote on the anniversary of the release.
                Regards, Aviator
                1. Cat
                  Cat 18 February 2018 12: 13
                  +2
                  Already the second day, the history section is empty! It saddens us all.
                  Can you suggest your site editors your memories? Then we will all be grateful to you, and then the selection of material for hamsters in the sandbox.
                  1. Aviator_
                    Aviator_ 18 February 2018 14: 44
                    +1
                    I'll try, although I already have some complaints about the editors
                    1. Cat
                      Cat 18 February 2018 15: 53
                      +1
                      You are not the first to complain about their fraternity!
                      Good luck!
        2. Vladivostok1969
          Vladivostok1969 19 February 2018 05: 54
          +1
          General Panfilov’s 316 rifle division was formed in Almaty. Some of the soldiers, about 10-15%, did not understand Russian at all.
          1. Aviator_
            Aviator_ 19 February 2018 08: 30
            0
            [/ quote] Some of the soldiers, about 10-15%, did not understand Russian at all. [quote]
            It was very short
      3. Jeremiah
        Jeremiah 17 February 2018 23: 09
        0
        Well, there wasn’t just one Panfilov’s division)))) and didn’t do much weather. And as for the upbringing of the peasants, people trained and educated, army officers and political workers should bring them up, but they are also from the plow ... sadly. better than the depraved metropolitan intelligentsia, which only confirms the words of Mr. Ulyanov about a certain substance., although he himself was not far gone
        1. Cat
          Cat 18 February 2018 09: 10
          +2
          Yes? It is interesting from what plant Suvorov recruited his miraculous heroes!
          1. Alexey RA
            Alexey RA 19 February 2018 11: 10
            0
            Quote: Kotischa
            Yes? It is interesting from what plant Suvorov recruited his miraculous heroes!

            It was easier for Alexander Vasilyevich - the infantryman of that time was obliged to be able to keep his formation, march and shoot where they would show. The most difficult thing is to work out the loading-shot procedure until automatic. Pomnitsa, one of the armies was very fond of shooting at the enemy with ramrods, and after one of the battles Of the 24 barrels found on the battlefield, only 000 were loaded correctly, 2536% were charged twice, another 50% had from 25 to 3 rounds in their barrels, and some even up to 10. ©
            The muzzle-loading weapons did not have the same gas regulator. I’m not talking about regular cleaning, lubrication, checking and setting clearances and the relative position of structural parts on the Maxim machine gun - the NSD is perceived by him even as a modern, unprepared person as a book from the library of the tech priest. smile
  12. bubalik
    bubalik 16 February 2018 20: 03
    +2
    On November 3 of November 1941, an order was issued to the troops of the Moscow Military District No. 0226, which said: “In the period from 5 to 20 October p. The foot battalion of the Podolsky artillery school fought with the German invaders in the Maloyaroslavets direction, defending the Ilyinsky combat site. "The cadets, commanders and political workers showed exceptional stamina, courage and courage in the struggle ..."
    The order lists the exploits of cadets and school officers, which they showed in the battles of Yukhnov, Myatlev and the Maloyaroslavets district. In the end: “To the personnel participating in the repulsion of the fascist invaders, showing courage and courage, on behalf of the service I declare THANKS.”

    Some time later, a group of commanders, political workers and cadets of schools nevertheless awarded orders and medals. Political instructor Y.P. was presented to the Order of the Red Banner. Kiselev, military assistant I.Ya. Petrov, to the Order of the Red Star battalion commissar P.D. Kulakov, senior political instructor A.G. Kapitonov, Secretary of the Party Commission E.E. Varlamov, to the medal “For Courage”, cadets V.V. Chebonenko, A.P. Lykov, cadets V.A. to the medal "For Military Merit" Lagutin, K.A. Vasiliev, foreman P.I. Sidorenko et al.
    At that time, none of the bosses had enough souls for gratitude to the cadets.
  13. x917nt
    x917nt 16 February 2018 21: 11
    +3
    In fact, when reading documents, there is some bewilderment.
    So the combined detachment from cadets of the artillery and rifle-machine gun schools sent under the command of Colonel V. Smirnov (and not the Major General, as it is mistakenly written in the article) sent to the frontline on October 5, 1941 from Podolsk arrived in the borough of n. Sparrows October 13, 1941. It is approximately 30 km northeast of Maloyaroslavets.
    Composition of the combined detachment:
    -185 people (15 beginners + 170 cadets) from the art school;
    -168 people (4 beginners + 164 cadets) from the rifle-machine gun school.
    Only 353 people.
    The detachment had 336 rifles, 3 light machine guns, 21 guns (76 mm and 45 mm).
    According to the report of Smirnov, the detachment completely lacked transport, field kitchens, and most importantly - the trench tool and communications. Apparently, "legs grow" from here in the memory of Marshal Zhukov about cadets without overcoats, whom he met in those October days near Moscow.
    But, apparently, there was also some other, more numerous part, consisting of 4 battalions of the same cadets of the same Podolsky school that fought on the same days and in the same sector of the front, only significantly west of the place of deployment of the consolidated detachment mentioned by me above.
    But the question is, why the head of the school, Colonel V. Smirnov, headed not the 4 battalions, but just a small detachment of cadets?

    Information on the combat composition of the consolidated detachment of the Podolsk Artillery and Strelkovo-machine gun schools on 13.10.41

    TsAMO, Fund 450, Inventory 11158, Case 34
    The layout of the defense of the combined detachments of the Podolsk Artillery Shooting and machine gun schools

    TsAMO, Fund 450, Inventory 11158, Case 34
  14. bubalik
    bubalik 16 February 2018 22: 08
    +2
    ,, But what about the 17-I tank brigade?
    The brigade was subordinate to the advanced detachment of the Maloyaroslavets fortified area, which consisted of two companies of the Podolsk infantry school, two batteries of the Podolsk artillery school, a department of cadets of the MVIU and a battalion of the 175 reserve rifle regiment.
    Despite the order to subordinate the advance detachment of the 17 infantry brigade, Podillian cadets from this detachment, on the orders of their commander, Major General V.A. Smirnov, who was handed over to them on the evening of October 8, began to carry out a task that was not coordinated with the actions of the 17 infantry regiment, - they independently began a battle with the reconnaissance battalion of the German 258 division on the west coast of Izvery, in the area of ​​the village of Chernyshovka, in an open place. Having shown heroism against a much superior opponent, the cadets suffered heavy unjustified losses.
    Many previously published materials contain erroneous information that the battle on the river. Only Podillian cadets and only three light tanks of the 17 Tank Brigade drove the monster. In fact, the T-40 tanks were sent to the patrol the day before and did not return. But, besides them, the whole motorized rifle battalion and the 1-th tank brigade participated in this battle.
  15. Korsar4
    Korsar4 17 February 2018 08: 21
    +2
    Beautiful Kaluga places. Until recently, fragments were found in the tables of trees.
    One of the "pyramids" of Podolsk cadets is near Serpukhov.

    And so - with each trench less power remained with the Center group. All this in the winter affected.
    Eternal memory to the guys!
  16. Kot_Kuzya
    Kot_Kuzya 18 February 2018 07: 28
    +4
    These heroes mixed with mud and showed stupid ignoramuses "light" of Russian cinema cockroach Mikhalkov in his ... "Burnt by the Sun-2".
    Russia! Do you smell this strange itch ?!
    Three Mikhalkov creep on you!

    W. Gaft
  17. Jeremiah
    Jeremiah 19 February 2018 11: 19
    0
    Quote: Kotischa
    Yes? It is interesting from what plant Suvorov recruited his miraculous heroes!

    A soldier was then taught for 25 years .. During this time, you can make a warrior of him .. By the way, after the abolition of the recruitment, how many victorious wars for Russia can be counted. And the matter is not only and not so much in technological lag