Military Review

Why did the parades of athletes in the USSR

54



In the Soviet Union, physical education was very popular. In a healthy body, a healthy mind, such was the slogan of many Soviet citizens. The parades of sportsmen were also very popular. By its beauty, the number of spectators present, the event could be compared only with parades of military equipment. The purpose of the military parades was to demonstrate the military power of the country. Let us ask ourselves why such parades were held.

Important dates in stories motion

The first parade of athletes took place in May 1919, on the main square of Moscow. He was visited by the entire leadership of the young country, led by Lenin. Participated in the parade mainly working undergoing mandatory military training. From 1918 onwards, such training was mandatory for all males between the ages of 18 and 40.

In 1939, a sports day was established in the country by a special decree, and all parades began to be held on a holiday. Before that, they were increasingly held on days of various holidays or significant events.

The number of participants in the movement grew steadily and if in the first parade about 8 thousands of people took part, then in 1924 there were already 18 thousands, and in 1933 more than 80 thousands of participants. The best specialists of the Soviet Union were engaged in the design and organization of marches. After the victory of our people in the war against the German invaders, the parades of the athletes gained widespread popular love and mass character. However, in 1954, the last at this time march of athletes took place.

Goals for holding such parades

Of course, the main goal of such parades was to show how important a healthy lifestyle is. The beautiful muscular and flexible bodies of the participants should have caused the observers a healthy envy and desire to become just as strong and healthy people. In the Soviet Union, in particular, sports and physical education have always received increased attention. In 30 - ies of the last century, sports societies begin to emerge one after another. The TRP complex is gaining popularity.
After the end of the war, faculties of physical education are introduced in each higher education institution.

Thanks to such measures, physical education and sports in the Soviet Union acquired a special scale, which naturally had an impact on the state of the country's defense. Many owners of badges of the TRP proved to be excellent at the front and were presented for government awards. This is due not least with excellent physical training.
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  1. Spartanez300
    Spartanez300 19 January 2018 06: 11 New
    +5
    It is a pity, but the days of the Soviet Union irretrievably passed with all its advantages.
    1. Falcond
      Falcond 19 January 2018 07: 48 New
      +5
      I am surprised - you regret that there is no country whose name could not be written without basic errors !!!
    2. Vend
      19 January 2018 10: 05 New
      +4
      Quote: Spartanez300
      It is a pity, but the days of the Soviet Union irretrievably passed with all its advantages.

      Pros can and should be transferred to modern Russia.
  2. Olgovich
    Olgovich 19 January 2018 06: 49 New
    +5
    Why did the parades of athletes in the USSR

    For propaganda. But not only a healthy lifestyle, but also a system and, as indicated on the poster, "the best friend of athletes of the great Stalin!"
    And girls are always beautiful!
    1. svp67
      svp67 19 January 2018 07: 58 New
      10
      Quote: Olgovich
      For propaganda. But not only a healthy lifestyle, but also a system and, as indicated on the poster, "the best friend of athletes of the great Stalin!"

      For propaganda - I agree. But not only to glorify the great Stalin, but to raise the spirit of the people. It was for this purpose that the first post-war parade was held and it played a role, like military parades in the fall of 1941 and the summer of 1945
      1. moskowit
        moskowit 20 January 2018 08: 33 New
        +3
        "Your muscle, breath and body,
        train for the benefit of the military! "
        V.Mayakovsky
    2. Mamka pula
      Mamka pula 19 January 2018 10: 54 New
      17
      It looks like)))
      1. Mamka pula
        Mamka pula 19 January 2018 10: 55 New
        16
        This is me about girls.
        Leaders evaluated))
  3. Boris55
    Boris55 19 January 2018 07: 39 New
    +8
    Sport is the grave, physical education is power!
    1. soldier
      soldier 19 January 2018 09: 33 New
      19
      I agree with you.
      No fanaticism
      In a healthy body healthy mind. Physical education is useful, and sport (especially large) is the wear and tear of the body.
      1. Plate
        Plate 19 January 2018 20: 42 New
        +1
        The main thing is not to cross this thin line so as not to start working at a loss to health.
      2. Doliva63
        Doliva63 19 January 2018 22: 35 New
        +3
        “In a healthy body - a healthy mind.” Somehow I remember a little different - a healthy body would still have a healthy spirit laughing drinks
    2. gladcu2
      gladcu2 4 February 2018 21: 48 New
      0
      Fat is power. Sport is the grave.

      By the way.

      The author does not answer the question.
      Why are athletic parades needed ?.

      Most likely to motivate the people of the USSR to be ready to defend the socialist Fatherland from external imperialist aggression.

      Although, if according to Troitsky, then it could be for the import of socialism in the capitalist countries, as a friendly aid to the working class.
      There were such ideas too.

      If you recall Nazi Germany, there were also a lot of athletes there.
      Ideologies are of course different, although they seem to look similar.
  4. parusnik
    parusnik 19 January 2018 07: 41 New
    10
    The history of the creation of the GTO complex began in 1930, when an appeal was published in the newspaper Komsomolskaya Pravda, which proposed the introduction of the All-Union Test “Ready for Labor and Defense”. It was proposed to establish uniform criteria for assessing the physical condition of citizens. And those who will fulfill the established requirements will be awarded with an icon. This initiative quickly gained support in wide circles. They soon developed the TRP program and in March 1931 it was approved. They began to conduct active propaganda activities. They introduced compulsory classes in all secondary schools, specialized secondary, vocational and higher educational institutions, as well as in the police, the Armed Forces of the USSR and a number of other organizations. Initially, only men over 18 and women over could receive the badge. 17 years. Among men and women, three age categories were distinguished. The first complex included only one degree, which included 21 trials. 5 of them were practical. These included running, jumping, throwing a grenade, pulling up, swimming, rowing, horseback riding, etc. Theoretical tests included knowledge of the basics of physical culture self-control, the history of sports achievements, first aid, and tests were carried out in villages, cities, villages, enterprises and in organizations. The complex had a high political and ideological orientation, the conditions for performing physical exercises included in the standards were widely available, its obvious benefits for health, development of skills and abilities - all this quickly led to its becoming very popular, especially among young people. Already in 1931, 24 thousand Soviet citizens received the TRP badge. Those who received the badge could enter a special educational institution in physical education on favorable terms, and also had the advantage of the right to participate in physical education festivals and competitions at the all-Union, republican and international levels. But the story of the TRP in Russia did not end there. In 1932, the 2nd level appeared in the Ready for Labor and Defense complex. It included 25 trials for men, of which 22 were practical and 3 were theoretical and 21 were tested for women. In 1934, a set of tests for physical fitness for children was introduced. Large-scale competitions for the title of Champions of the GTO complex in its individual types were not inferior in popularity to the Spartakiads and central football matches of the season. Wearing the TRP badge has become prestigious.
    1. Doliva63
      Doliva63 19 January 2018 22: 39 New
      +4
      In the 70s, we fought for every stage of the TRP, I remember. In 3 classes on the stream there was one "caldera" and 3 smokers.
    2. zenion
      zenion 27 July 2018 17: 32 New
      0
      Forgot about the GGT icon.
  5. bober1982
    bober1982 19 January 2018 07: 59 New
    +1
    The parades of athletes of that time can be attributed to the variety symbolic behavior, it is proved scientifically - Leslie White, who incidentally visited the USSR and was fond of the ideas of socialism.
    This science is quite confusing and difficult to understand, only one thing is clear - it was necessary to distract people with something, the churches were closed in a way, and so they began to arrange all these parades.
    1. Curious
      Curious 19 January 2018 08: 53 New
      +9
      Which particular science is difficult for you to understand, Beaver 1982? Judging by the fact that you mentioned Leslie White, this time you have encountered difficulties in cultural studies, which include the study of symbolic human behavior. Your comment says that you didn’t understand anything there. How can the church replace physical education, or vice versa, can you explain? Or is exercise contraindicated for believers? Or athletes can not believe in God?
      1. bober1982
        bober1982 19 January 2018 09: 10 New
        +2
        Quote: Curious
        This time, you have encountered difficulties in cultural studies, which include the study of symbolic human behavior.

        Yes, I said this, including the fact that I didn’t understand this very thing by L. White, but we can add that all this was invented for a reason.

        Quote: Curious
        Or athletes can not believe in God?

        They can of course believe who refuses, although the slogan is there is healthy mind in a healthy body, in my opinion, invented, if not White, his followers.
        Have you ever participated in such events, I mean these same parades? I took part (a cadet of a military school), the sensations are unusual - for a while you become something like a robot. This seems to be in practice, this is the most symbolic behavior. Even if you look at the photos of athletes in the article, it seems that these guys in something cars and robots.
        1. Curious
          Curious 19 January 2018 11: 31 New
          +6
          The interpretation of a symbol is a dialogical form of knowledge, since the meaning of a symbol exists only within human society. Its meaning may be violated as a result of the false position of the interpreter. For some, the parade participants are a symbol of health and strength, for you - robots. Excuse me for being straightforward, but you vividly illustrate the proverb "Not a hat for Senka." The information that you receive, it does not suit you for the future. You have no basis for its perception. The words of King Solomon are very suitable for you: "And I betrayed my heart to know wisdom and to know madness and stupidity: I learned that this is also languishing of the spirit; because there is much sorrow in many wisdom; and whoever multiplies knowledge, multiplies sorrow" .
          1. bober1982
            bober1982 19 January 2018 12: 02 New
            0
            Quote: Curious
            The interpretation of a symbol is a dialogical form of knowledge, since the meaning of a symbol exists only within human society

            I’m saying that it’s not clear.
        2. Boris55
          Boris55 19 January 2018 11: 44 New
          0
          Quote: bober1982
          This science is quite confusing and difficult to understand ... unusual sensations - for a while you become something like a robot ... then it seems that these guys are in some way machines and robots.

          One of the sacraments of the church is the sacrament of unification. What it is, you can read here: "... Unction is one of the most revealing magic in which people are shown how to heal their souls (as is confirmed by some physical healings) by manipulating a personified particle of the church" Spirit "living in these souls — with the power of a church egregor. this is the essence of the church’s imitation of God's interaction with each person’s personal soul. The approximately same magic of imitating work with souls - but for other reasons (in this chapter we consider healing) is performed by churchmen during other sacraments, but there are simply fewer miraculous miracles in them: other sacraments they are intended more for inclusion of souls in the egregorial hierarchy through the “uploading” of the biblical “Spirit.” And unification is more like the consequences of the “uploading” of the “Spirit”, which is addressed to the church to demonstrate the wonders of working with souls. Therefore, in the sacrament of unification it is better to see a church imitation of working with the souls of people ... "klin.forum-top.ru/viewtopic.php?id=2#p392
        3. brn521
          brn521 19 January 2018 13: 24 New
          +1
          Quote: bober1982
          for a while you become something like a robot.

          All is correct. This is social psychology, a huge section of it. People in a crowd or in a formation are other people. A similar mechanism is effective and has been used since time immemorial.
          1. bober1982
            bober1982 19 January 2018 17: 40 New
            0
            Quote: brn521
            A similar mechanism is effective and has been used since time immemorial.

            I agree, this achieves discipline and order.
          2. gladcu2
            gladcu2 4 February 2018 21: 55 New
            0
            Who in the army controlled the company in the ranks knows very well how easy it is to subordinate an impersonal mass of people. Try to subjugate a separate personality.

            However, socialism is characterized by a socially significant form of behavior. And mass demonstrations are an instrument for educating the masses.
    2. Dimmedroll
      Dimmedroll 19 January 2018 08: 58 New
      +1
      What did they close? Yes, some ruined, some redid. But they also built about 4 thousand. If a person had to visit the temple, he could do it. There were a lot of baptized people, you think from the fact that churches closed everything.
      1. bober1982
        bober1982 19 January 2018 09: 23 New
        +1
        Quote: Dimmedroll
        But they also built about 4 thousand.

        Where you got such data from is not clear.
        1. Curious
          Curious 19 January 2018 11: 20 New
          +4
          Churches were really built. True, the figure of 4 looks unfounded, I would like a source. But here are some examples.

          1921 Old Believers Church of St. Nicholas the Wonderworker at the Tverskaya Zastava, Moscow.
          1. Curious
            Curious 19 January 2018 11: 23 New
            +3

            1946 The Church of Simeon of Verkhotursky, Saraktash, Orenburg Region.
            If interested, https: //m.pikabu.ru/story/khramyi_postroennyie_v
            _sssr_4984736, or https://varandej.livejournal.com/912122.html
            1. bober1982
              bober1982 19 January 2018 11: 35 New
              0
              It looks so now, and so - after the war they allowed to open a tiny house of worship, when there were no temples in the whole area.
          2. bober1982
            bober1982 19 January 2018 11: 30 New
            0
            The first years after the revolution were the heyday of the Old Believers, as opposed to the Orthodox.
            1. Cat
              Cat 19 January 2018 16: 54 New
              +5
              Quote: bober1982
              The first years after the revolution were the heyday of the Old Believers, as opposed to the Orthodox.

              How much they talked with the Old Believers, they consider themselves "Orthodox"!
  6. Valmih70
    Valmih70 19 January 2018 10: 00 New
    +4
    Some strange comments in bulk. The author of the article, well done, raised a rather topical topic. It is significant that these parades turned after the death of Stalin. Around the same time, a gradual decline in spirituality in the Soviet Union began, which led to what we have: killings in schools, obesity of young people, falling birth rates. This is just one of the components of our being. One of the main problems of our state is demography. We will not be able to keep our territory with such a scanty population. Material fertility incentives have a certain limit. Holding such parades is an urgent need of our time. Just like sports films, TV programs about figure skating, and dancing, they do not attract young people to drug addicts, alcoholics, and parasites, but make them exercise their health, spend less time on gadgets and, as a result, fewer trips to pharmacies and hospitals . Less freaks physical and moral. Fewer visitors who are not peculiar to our mentality. And - medals of the highest standard in various competitions. You can still write a lot on this topic.
  7. sd68
    sd68 19 January 2018 11: 29 New
    +1
    Athletic parades were typical of totalitarian states - like the USSR or Nazi Germany.
    In the photo parades of athletes in the USSR and fascist Germany look identical.
    It is a pity the photo is difficult to bring for comparison, since there is some kind of symbolism everywhere, if not Nazi, so of any fascist organizations of that time.
    But those who want to double count will find such photos on the network
    1. Razvedka_Boem
      Razvedka_Boem 19 January 2018 13: 34 New
      +4
      tap are characteristic

      edge
      wishing for two bills

      In TWO .. Is it better to write - "easy"
      With such a level of literacy, any controversy will be a clarification of the relationship between Balaganov and Panikovsky.
      1. sd68
        sd68 19 January 2018 17: 51 New
        0
        in fact, I don’t really imagine what controversy might be with a character who did not write a single post on a topic, but self-appointedly appointed himself not only as a proofreader, but also as a bearer of the HIGHEST TRUTH.
        How can a polemic be waged with you if your words do not add up to your thoughts, but exist on their own?
        However, Mikhal Mikhalych told you a long time ago
        What can the lame say about the art of Herbert von Karayan? If he is immediately told that he is lame, he recognizes himself defeated.

        What can a person who did not change his passport argue about? What views on architecture can a man express without a residence permit? Caught red-handed, he confesses and admits himself defeated.


        https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NRcDGV0qQ9M
      2. Strategy
        Strategy 19 January 2018 19: 36 New
        +1
        This is not illiteracy, this is just plain typos. But the unreasonably put comma after the word "literacy" in your proposal is evidence of a low level of literacy.
    2. Dart2027
      Dart2027 19 January 2018 19: 27 New
      +2
      Quote: sd68
      Athletic parades were typical of totalitarian states - like the USSR or Nazi Germany.

      The construction of the autobahns was also one of the achievements of the Reich. Does this mean that everyone who builds them fascists?
      1. sd68
        sd68 20 January 2018 01: 02 New
        +1
        no doesn't mean
        Another thing is important - for totalitarian regimes, the achievements of athletes are of national importance, since they always give out in one way or another as achievements of this power.
        Of course, the fact that fascist Germany had cults of a healthy body, mother, woman does not mean that it is contraindicated for others.
        A distinctive feature of totalitarian regimes is that it takes on grotesquely hypertrophied forms, as in the USSR of the 30s-40s or in the Third Reich.
        1. Dart2027
          Dart2027 20 January 2018 08: 08 New
          +1
          Quote: sd68
          for totalitarian regimes, the achievements of athletes are of national importance

          They are significant for any state, starting from ancient times.
          Quote: sd68
          is that it takes on grotesquely hypertrophied forms

          Well, what's so grotesque? The fact that, in modern terms, an advertising of a healthy lifestyle is carried out at the state level?
    3. voyaka uh
      voyaka uh 21 January 2018 11: 46 New
      +1
      That's why they stopped. Films about military and physical parades of Leni Riefenstahl
      were too bright and characteristic.
  8. Mikhail3
    Mikhail3 19 January 2018 13: 42 New
    +3
    The purpose of the parades was to verify the quality of universal military training in the form in which it then existed. If people walk straight, while freely holding their shoulders and moving their hands correctly, these people have taken the first (most important) step to control their body.
    A little distracted, the "right landing" at the school desk served the same purpose. Absolutely wrong, wildly overloading the back, leading to a whole bunch of diseases, this landing, on the other hand, gives young people the opportunity to begin to take control of their body. And this is extremely important in the most important science - the science of survival.
    Group rebuilding, various kinds of exercises performed in a large group during movement, served the same purpose - to demonstrate that people are suitable for joint maneuvers during a battle. It is important. This is probably the most important thing ...
  9. Naputeon bonaput
    Naputeon bonaput 19 January 2018 14: 11 New
    0
    These parades are somewhat reminiscent of those currently taking place in liberal Europe.
    1. Deck
      Deck 19 January 2018 14: 20 New
      +1
      Yes, we cannot hold parades for athletes. Firstly, there are no athletes; secondly, veterans are again overexcited. Recently, they can’t calmly look at naked men calmly. laughing
      1. Strategy
        Strategy 19 January 2018 19: 32 New
        +3
        With your associations you would like to see a sex therapist! But someone prudently excluded such a medical specialty from the list, now there are only sexologists. Apparently, this led to an increase in the number of individuals of your orientation!
      2. Cat
        Cat 19 January 2018 20: 17 New
        +3
        Quote: Deck
        Yes, we cannot hold parades for athletes. Firstly, there are no athletes; secondly, veterans are again overexcited. Recently, they can’t calmly look at naked men calmly. laughing

        Dear Red-striped and tailed to the heap! You work-work paws, and shake on the mustache. Firstly, your bold statement that in Russia there are no athletes was a little puzzling? Ski Track-Russia, Winter Marathon and many other sports events attract tens of thousands of people. By the way, the last winter half marathon was held under the auspices of the Russian Orthodox Church near the monastery of Ganin Yama. So people who want - can always find application.
        Are athletic parades possible today? Why not, it all comes down to initiative.
        Now for the veterans? I understand that in torso-naked men, everyone sees his own. Although I think among our veterans with such fantasies a minority. So ..... The choice is theirs. With your post you mock them.
        And finally, I have a friend of about 70 Uncle Fedya Akhmadullin. How much I know him, he runs. Every day runs 20-30 km. How many times did I offer him a “ride”, I didn’t agree to a niaz. Here is an example for me - a sportsman who needs to be aligned.
        Regards Kotische.
        And do not touch our grandfathers and great-grandfathers, otherwise cleaning your “slippers” will be your constant concern.
        1. Deck
          Deck 19 January 2018 21: 53 New
          +1
          Ski Track-Russia, Winter Marathon and many other sports events attract tens of thousands of people


          Do you catch the difference between sports and physical education?

          Now for the veterans? I understand that in torso-naked men, everyone sees his own. Although I think among our veterans with such fantasies a minority. So ..... The choice is theirs. With your post you mock them.


          But quite often among veterans it happens. Retired is boring.
          https://tvzvezda.ru/news/vstrane_i_mire/content/2
          01801171122-qo26.htm

          And don’t touch our grandfathers and great-grandfathers, otherwise cleaning your slippers will be your constant concern


          You didn’t mix up here, these political approaches have been sideways since Soviet times.
          1. Cat
            Cat 20 January 2018 09: 51 New
            +3
            That's it, that people like you "side"!
            But to most, no!
            For example, for more than ten years in Yekaterinburg the athletics cross-country event "Dedicated to Victory Day in the Great Patriotic War" has been held !!!
            And who spends it athletes? Far from it, the organizer of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia in Yekaterinburg.
            1. Deck
              Deck 20 January 2018 18: 50 New
              +1
              Can you tell me what relation to the parade of athletes in shorts have the policemen of Yekaterinburg with their athletics cross-country race? I am telling you that modern watchdogs are veterans (they are not all like that, a veteran himself) are very excited and saliva about naked youths - cadets. And I’m afraid that the look of athletes of the 30s could cause irreparable damage to their psyche. And you tell me about war veterans. You really don’t understand what is written or is it just a highly patriotic demagogue?
  10. Type 63
    Type 63 19 January 2018 18: 44 New
    +3
    William Shearer in his book compares British prisoners of war - stooped, thin, wearing glasses - with German soldiers (who literally "looked like lions") and concludes that this situation arose because Germany was engaged in its youth, and Britain - no. The Soviet Union was engaged in its youth.
  11. Strategy
    Strategy 19 January 2018 19: 28 New
    +1
    Quote: Valmih70
    Holding such parades is an urgent need of our time. Just like movies about sports, TV programs about figure skating, dancing, they help attract young people not to drug addicts, alcoholics and parasites

    All this is true under the condition that the main goal of the state (the ruling circles and the oligarchy) is to create equal opportunities for all citizens, complete independence of the country, increase the welfare of the entire population of the country.
    1. sd68
      sd68 20 January 2018 01: 05 New
      0
      You see, the subtlety is that Hitler also wanted this sincerely for the vast majority of Germans.
      And what happened, you yourself know ...
  12. WapentakeLokki
    WapentakeLokki 19 January 2018 19: 50 New
    0
    But why are they all with a quay under Kotovsky? That during the time of the Stalin USSR there weren’t any decent barbers (barbers) that all these mini-Schwartzes have a bald skull?
    1. Mikhail3
      Mikhail3 19 January 2018 20: 19 New
      +1
      There were no shampoos. There were big problems with hair washing that are hard to imagine right now. The clipper was a serious asset that, by the way, was not produced in the USSR.
      But most importantly - these people saw the war not just in person, it literally went over them with boots. Hair interferes. They interfere in hand-to-hand combat, interfere in battle, interfere in the campaign. Plus lice to them. So tightly shaved people were strongly associated with good health and tough training.