After D. Trump's decision to recognize the city of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, the Palestinians took to the streets and began to burn American flags and portraits of the above-mentioned Trump. Trump himself believes that his decision will bring to the region ... peace. The statement is more than controversial.
"Trump recognizes Jerusalem as the capital of Israel," with such news December 6 released a report on the TV channel CNN.
“On Wednesday, President Donald Trump recognized Jerusalem as the capital of Israel and announced plans to relocate the US Embassy, which is expected to exacerbate tensions in the region and damage the prospects for building peace,” the report said.
“Plans for the transfer”, we note, means that in the near future, the State Department will deal with the issue of construction. Trump has already ordered the State Department to “begin preparations for the transfer of the embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem,” noting that his decision will allow the State Department to begin hiring architects and building contractors. The new embassy Trump considers "a great contribution to peace."
Mr Trump said the following: “Today, we finally recognize the obvious: Jerusalem is the capital of Israel. This is nothing but an awareness of reality, this is also correct, ”said Trump, whose speech was recorded in the diplomatic reception of the White House.
Much time has passed, but Israel and the Palestinians did not get closer to a lasting peace agreement, Mr. Trump noted. Therefore, “it would be foolish to assume that repeating the same formula will now lead to a different or better result.”
Trump's decision negated as many as seven decades of US foreign policy. Previous White House administrations resisted recognizing Jerusalem as the capital of Israel until the Israeli-Palestinian conflict was resolved, reminds CNN.
“I’m doing this today,” Trump said, pointing to one of his campaign promises.
At the same time, Trump’s decision could lead to the collapse of the peace process in the region and heightened security risks. The region is already on the verge of disaster. Acknowledging the concerns of regional Arab leaders, Trump nevertheless insisted on his decision, reaffirming the United States’s commitment to helping both Israelis and Palestinians to “reach a peace agreement”. He also stressed that his statement does not mark a shift in US policy toward the “final” borders of the Israeli and Palestinian states.
The United States does not take a position on any issues of "final status," including "final boundaries," Trump said, since the relevant issues "relate to the parties involved." The United States is only “deeply committed” to helping to promote a peace agreement that is “acceptable to both parties.”
Trump's speech, reported CNN, was warmly welcomed by Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. He used this American statement as an opportunity to encourage other countries to join the United States and also recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel.
“The decision of the president is an important step towards peace, because there is no peace that would not define Jerusalem as the capital of the state of Israel,” Netanyahu said.
It cannot be said that the international community, and especially the Arab part of it, would be made happy with such kind of theses.
Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas condemned and rejected Trump’s decision, CNN reported. In a televised address, the Palestinian leader said that this step would help extremist organizations wage their “holy wars”. He explained his position:
“This process will also assist extremist organizations in their conduct of religious war, which harms the entire region, which is already experiencing a critical moment, and will lead us to wars that will never end, as we have warned and always called for to fight.”
Palestinian Palestine Liberation Organization executive committee chief Palestinian negotiator Saeb Erakat voiced the following opinion: Trump's decision "disqualified the United States of America" and now the United States "cannot play any role in any peace process." President Trump, by his decision, “simply destroyed all the policies of the two states,” Erakat noted. "He decided to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, and this is completely contrary to the agreements signed by the Palestinians and Israelis," he added.
Trump's decision on Jerusalem was shared by his chief presidential advisers, as well as Secretary of Defense James Mattis, CIA Director Mike Pompeo and Secretary of State Rex Tillerson, despite some controversy. According to CNN sources, Vice President Mike Pence, the UN ambassador Nikki Haley and the US ambassador to Israel, David Friedman, also supported this move. High-ranking officials, rallied around the president, including Jared Kushner and special envoy Jason Greenblatt, while supporting the recognition of Jerusalem as the capital, called on Trump to postpone the “movement” with the construction of the embassy. This data CNN cites from "sources."
Here are some more opinions about recognizing Jerusalem as the capital of Israel.
Palestinian Ambassador to Russia Nofal Abdelhafiz called the transfer of the capital of Israel a crazy move leading “to chaos and hell.” And not a single Palestinian, not one of the leaders of the Arab world will take such a step.
"Therefore, starting from now, we, the Palestinians, are refusing mediation by the United States in advancing the peace process," the channel quotes the diplomat. "RT". “A new era is beginning, we completely reject such a stance by the United States and President Trump and intend to seek to respect their rights.”
The Iranian Foreign Ministry also negatively evaluated the step taken by Washington. "The Iranian Foreign Ministry condemns in harshness the step of the US government to transfer the embassy from Tel Aviv to the occupied holy city and the recognition of the holy city as the capital of the occupation regime and considers this step to violate UN resolutions," said a spokesman for the diplomatic department Bahram Kasemi.
Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani, the Emir of Qatar, warned the American president in a telephone conversation that recognition of Jerusalem as the Israeli capital would have a negative impact on the security of the Middle East.
Trump's decision was rejected in Egypt.
Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, in a telephone conversation with Mahmoud Abbas, announced his negative reaction. “During the conversation, the president rejected this decision and all its consequences,” the press service of the head of Egypt said.
Finally, in the Arab League a verdict was handed down: the Middle East peace process is dead. “The peace process can be considered dead after Trump’s statement. Such a move will anger all Palestinians and Arabs, ”said Assistant Secretary-General H. Zaki.
Turkey called on the international community to show solidarity with the people of Palestine. “We reject and condemn this irresponsible and illegal decision of the US leadership. The whole world should oppose this decision, which violates UN resolutions and international law, and take a seat alongside the people of Palestine, ”Ibrahim Kalyn, press secretary of the president, wrote on Twitter.
At the EU level, Trump inherited from Federica Mogherini.
“The European Union is deeply concerned about the announcement today by US President Donald Trump regarding Jerusalem and the consequences it may have on the prospects for (achieving) peace,” said the head of EU diplomacy. According to her, the EU’s position on this issue remains unchanged, and the countries of the Union will continue to abide by the consensus on Jerusalem, spelled out in UN Security Council resolution 478, including with regard to the location of diplomatic missions.
The UN Secretary General himself spoke out. António Guterres noted that there is no alternative to resolving the Palestinian-Israeli conflict on the principle of two-state coexistence. “The status of Jerusalem is an issue that must be resolved during direct negotiations between the two parties through the mediation of the UN Security Council and the General Assembly,” concluded Guterres.
Disagree with the decision of Trump, Prime Minister of Great Britain Teresa May, who said that the British Embassy will remain in Tel Aviv, German Chancellor Angela Merkel and the Frenchman Macron. The latter expressed "deep apprehensions" and even called on Trump to reconsider the situation.
Delegations from France, Italy, Sweden, the United Kingdom, Egypt, Bolivia, Uruguay and Senegal requested an emergency meeting of the UN Security Council on the situation with Jerusalem.
Russia also condemned the decision of the White House.
The recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel is grossly violating the two-state principle of settlement, said Konstantin Kosachev, head of the international affairs committee of the Federation Council.
“The recognition of all of Jerusalem as the capital of one state, Israel, will be a gross violation of the two-state settlement principle, resolutions of the Security Council and the UN General Assembly and its own obligations of the United States. I believe that the reaction of Russia should be appropriate, and it will coincide with the reaction of the overwhelming majority of the international community, "he said Interfax.
On Palestinian territory since December 5, when the White House’s proposed decision was already known, trump portraits and American flags are burning. Moreover, Hamas promised to arrange a Friday "day of wrath."
"Day of Wrath" is explained precisely by the decision of the United States to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. Grouping statement results «Medusa». The text says that after the Friday prayer, Palestinians from the West Bank should express their attitude towards Israel and make it available using all available methods.
Manul Hasasian, Palestinian Authority Ambassador to Great Britain, added fuel to the fire, stating that Donald Trump’s decision was “declaring war against 1,5 of a billion Muslims and hundreds of millions of Christians who are not happy that religious shrines would be under Israeli hegemony.”
His future decision, we add, Mr. Trump did not keep a secret. He spoke about this earlier, even last year. The recognition of Jerusalem as the capital and the transfer of the embassy were Trump's campaign promises. In addition, on the eve of his speech at the White House, Donald Trump himself phoned the leaders of Egypt, Palestine and Jordan and notified them of his intention. In Palestine, realizing that the decision had already been made, they perceived it as a coming catastrophe.
The essence of the old conflict is obvious. The reasons why it is extremely difficult to resolve are also understandable.
Israel occupied the western part of Jerusalem during the Arab-Israeli war 1947-1949. Then the city was divided into two parts: one went to Israel, the second to Transjordan. Transjordan occupied and annexed the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, and then Transjordan was renamed the Kingdom of Jordan.
After the Six Day War (1967 year), which was fought by the Israelis at the same time as Egypt, Jordan, Syria, Iraq, Algeria, Israel captured the territory of East Jerusalem. The annexation of the territory was enshrined in law, adopted later in the year 1980. Israeli law declared Jerusalem the "indivisible" capital of the state. The Palestinians, of course, have their own opinion on this subject: they believe that the detached part of the city should be the capital of an independent Palestinian state.
There is an opinion from the UN. The Security Council in the same 1980 adopted Resolution 478, where it condemned Israeli law as violating international law.
Despite this resolution, the Israeli authorities for several decades have consistently convinced foreign states to locate their embassies in Jerusalem.
And now, thanks to the decision of Trump and his advisers, the US Embassy will move there from Tel Aviv. However, with this Kushner Trump does not advise to hurry.
In fact, the idea of recognizing the capital of Israel "indivisible" in the United States is not new and does not belong to Trump at all.
The American congressmen approved the corresponding bill in 1995 year. According to the document, the US Embassy should be moved from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. However, three presidents in a row, Bill Clinton, George Bush (Jr.) and Barack Obama, rightly rejected this act. The fact is that the issue is not the responsibility of the congress, but of the president.
That is why congressmen do not decree to Mr. Trump in his decision. And if the presidents listed above were afraid of the deterioration of the situation in the Middle East and even of a new war, then Trump, apparently, is worsening, and war is liking. No wonder he pumps money to the Pentagon, and through him - the military-industrial complex.
And the Nobel Peace Prize hardly shines him like Obama: after all, at the UN, Trump’s peacemaking idea was criticized.
Observed and commented on Oleg Chuvakin
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- especially for topwar.ru