Military Review

Hermit Crab, Misanthrope, Werewolf

22
The courts of the Middle Ages cannot be called humane. Under the motto of fighting evil spirits countless people were sent to the fires. And if women were burned on charges of witchcraft, then men were like werewolves. Such an unenviable fate was awarded to the French peasant Gilles Garnier.


Hermit Crab, Misanthrope, Werewolf


Hermit from Saint Bonno

It is not known who the spouses Gilles and Appolina Garnier were and did before the fateful move to Saint-Bonno, a small village in Burgundy near the city of Dole. There were many rumors about the unsociable couple, especially about Gila, in the vicinity. It was said that he had moved to this wilderness, either from Lyon, or from some other large city. They also said that the couple lived in the nearby town of Dole, but for some reason decided to lead a reclusive life. Since Garnier tried in every way to avoid contact with local residents, gossip was born literally out of the blue. After all, the medieval community is accustomed to live by strictly defined rules. And any deviation from them aroused suspicion and prejudice. Accordingly, in case of an unsuccessful set of circumstances, people “not like everyone else” found themselves alone with the system.

So the Garnier couple, who chose a secretive lifestyle, from the first day aroused a lot of suspicions among the locals. Everyone was worried about the questions: “Why do they live on their own? Something to hide? ”And to hide, apparently, Gilles had something. According to some researchers, he suffered from a disease that set him apart from the crowd. For example, hypertrichosis. In this disease, increased hair growth begins. Somehow Gilles managed to hide it while living in a big city. But then, apparently, his secret was revealed. Fearing for his life and the life of his wife, Garnier decided to move to the wilderness. He hoped that in poor places no one would care about him. But miscalculated. He did not take into account that in the wooded area there could be angry predators - wolves, on which his face overgrown with thick hair was so much like.

The Garnier family was unlucky from the start. As soon as they moved to Saint-Bonn, the locals began to terrorize the unknown predator. It all started quite banal - animals began to disappear from the herds grazing outside the village. But then the cows, the goats, and the sheep became insufficient to the beast. He began to hunt for people. I must say, most often in those days the shepherds were children. Accordingly, the predator to deal with the child was much easier than with a cow. And when the beast began to drag young shepherds and shepherds into the woods, the locals were not scared. And not a man-eating wolf, but a kind of supernatural being. The usual gray predator of villagers hardened by difficult conditions was difficult to frighten. After all, the constant life on the border with the forest has taught them to certain rules of "etiquette".

Then everything was different. Witnesses (or those who considered themselves to be such) unanimously claimed that it was not a wolf who settled near the village, but a real werewolf. Some of them swore that they were trying to kill a hellish offspring, but the beast, having received several wounds, ran away.

As it should be in such cases, most of the harsh locals instantly went limp and began to pray to God for protection. And the representatives of the church reduced everything to a sinful way of life. The only ones who did not panic were several hunters. They promised that they would deal with the predator. It doesn’t matter whether it’s a regular wolf or a devil’s messenger.

Suspect #1

Began mass raids. How many wolves have been destroyed is unknown. But there was no proper effect. Beasts and people disappeared with enviable consistency. The church stood its ground - pray, repent, and you will be deliverance from all adversity. The hunters continued to wool the woods in search of a predator. The peasants and peasant women simply panicked, preparing to die from the teeth and claws of the earthly incarnation of Satan.

But unexpectedly in all this madness, someone remembered the hermit's family. Local people immediately picked up this version. At first they whispered about Garnier in the doorways, then began to speak loudly, publicly. But the local authorities, like the church, did not have a good reason to detain Gilles and his wife. Because recluse was not a crime.

The bloody killings continued. And then the local parliament decided to give assistants to hunters. For this, an appeal to all capable men was published. The supreme governing body voluntarily-forcedly asked them to arm themselves and, together with the professionals, arrange the most massive and ruthless hunt for gray predators.

And soon the motley crowd with pikes, sticks, axes, halberds, knives, pitchforks and arquebuss moved to the main battle of their whole life. It is clear that all the main work was done by hunters. The peasants, by and large, played the role of extras or bait, here as lucky.

How long the raid lasted, not exactly known. According to some information, several days (and even weeks), according to others - by the evening the men had managed to find a bloodthirsty monster (fantastic luck!). If you stick to the official version, when the inhabitants of Saint-Bonn came out to one of the forest edges, they saw a terrible picture. In their eyes, a huge shaggy monster was already preparing to break off the little girl. We must pay tribute to men, they are not afraid, and rushed to the attack. The beast did not expect such numerous reinforcements, so he quickly got lost in the trees.

The girl was frankly lucky. And even though she had several terrible bites on her body, they did not represent a danger to her life. But the main success was that the men were able to identify the predator. It was, of course, not a wolf, even though the animal resembled him strongly. In it, they recognized Gilles Garnier’s bloodied-haired face!

The extracted information was immediately transferred to the parliament. Share. And the authorities decided that such evidence was more than enough to outlaw the hermit, arrest him and subject him to the most severe interrogation. And soon, armed men came to the house to Garnier.

Perfect crazy

Gilles clearly did not expect such a turn of events. He was confused and did not even try to clarify the situation. Instead, the hermit agreed. That's just his testimony is constantly different and confused. At first he confessed to the killings. Then he admitted to being a werewolf. Here he refused his testimony, saying that he was “only” a cannibal. But after talking with representatives of the Inquisition, Gil again began to assert that he could turn into a wolf.

By the way, when Garnier was arrested, his body was examined for puncture and gunshot wounds. Neither the first nor the second was not. The inquisitors did not find a single scratch on the man. And this served as evidence of Gilles' guilt. As you know, werewolves have excellent regeneration. This is just confirmed the "integrity" of Garnier.

Then Gil began to talk in detail about his crimes. True, for some reason nobody paid attention to one inconsistency. The hermit in paints, with the smallest details told about the murder of two boys-cowherd boys and two girls. He killed one near Dolya, and the second near the neighboring village of Perruz in the garden of fruit trees. And if Gilles tore the first child, having accepted a wolf mask, he tried to eat the second one. But he failed. He was frightened by a group of male day laborers. After some time, Gilles attacked a girl who was walking in the woods near Dolia. He called her "especially delicious." Then, again becoming a man, he returned home, taking with him the half-eaten corpse. He wanted to treat his wife with a “delicacy”.

Curiously, the record of Granier’s interrogation has reached our days: “... and by killing and killing her with his own hands, seeming paws, and teeth; and dragging her with his hands and terrible teeth to the Serre forest mentioned, there he skinned and ate the meat from his thighs and hands, and, not satisfied with this, he carried the meat to his wife Apolline in the Saint Bonno desert near Amangis, which was his residence and his wife. In addition, the above named defendant, a week after the All Saints festival, also in the form of a wolf, grabbed another girl in the same places, next to the meadow of Ryupt, in the province of Otum, located between the above-mentioned Otum and Shastenoy, shortly before noon of the specified day, and strangled her , and inflicted five wounds to her with his own hands, and intended to eat her, if not three people came to the rescue, as he himself confessed and confessed many times ... "

Discrepancy was in the number of victims. After an interrogation, Gilles talked about the four murders. Although, according to the initial data, there were several times more of them. Either the Inquisition decided that so many dead were enough, or whether the rumor of the people attributed to him what it really was not. As you know, fear has big eyes.
Garnier did not tell anything sensible about how his transformation into a wolf took place. If the German werewolf Peter Stumpf had a special belt supposedly presented to him by the devil, then Gilles “just became a wolf thanks to witchcraft”. But what kind of witchcraft allowed the man to turn into a predatory beast remains a mystery. However, after a short time, the hermit declared that a certain ghost (or “ghost person”) had become his mentor. The fateful meeting of Gilles and the mysterious creature took place just a few days after the Garnier family moved to Saint-Bonn. This ghost taught the hermit various magical tricks that allowed him to turn into a wolf. But then Gilles again changed the testimony. The creature disappeared from the protocols, and in its place came the "voice between the trees", which ordered Garnier to kill. At the same time there is not a single mention of the transformation of a man into a wolf, as well as of his excessive hairiness.

Did Gilles really suffer from hypertrichosis or not? Did he really kill, and not some sick lone wolf, unable to cope with other prey? Or maybe Gilles imagined himself a predator because of a mental disorder, or did he engage in cannibalism because he simply had nothing to eat? What if - this is a conspiracy? Perhaps the community of Saint-Bonn decided in this way to get rid of the inhodible hermit who did not agree to live by their rules? After all, he was originally suspected of murder, and then "quite by accident" saw him on the edge at the time of the crime. Somehow it came out very smoothly and smoothly. Gathered, went and found - as according to a pre-written script. We unfortunately never know the truth.

The court quickly handed down the verdict - refuse the “grace of strangulation” and burn it. It is curious that Appolina did not appear in the case at all. She seemed not to be. Therefore, what became of it is a mystery.

18 January 1573, Gilles Granier, accused of killing four children, went to the stake. His death in terrible agony was to be a warning to all who struck up friendship with evil spirits. The punishment for this one is a fire.
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  1. Same lech
    Same lech 11 December 2017 15: 18 New
    +6
    The article does not say the most important thing ... after burning poor fellow Granier, the killings in his area by unknown animals continued or ended? what
    1. daddy angel
      daddy angel 11 December 2017 19: 08 New
      +2
      it doesn’t matter. The main thing is to believe.
  2. solzh
    solzh 11 December 2017 15: 19 New
    0
    Morals and customs in Europe have always been and are, to put it mildly go ...
    1. Same lech
      Same lech 11 December 2017 15: 21 New
      +5
      Morals and customs in Europe have always been and are, to put it mildly go ...


      And this Europe still teaches us how to poke your nose ...
      1. Tyulen
        Tyulen 11 December 2017 17: 51 New
        +4
        We have quite practiced the same.
        Burning in a log house, etc.
        1. Orang
          Orang 11 December 2017 19: 44 New
          +5
          Very rarely, this was practiced with us. They got into a split a little. Do not compare with the Dutch, German and French horrors, even close.
        2. Lock36
          Lock36 11 December 2017 20: 35 New
          +1
          Tell us more about the work of the Inquisition in Russia and about the burning of heretics.
          Very interesting.
  3. Nikolay R-PM
    Nikolay R-PM 11 December 2017 15: 46 New
    +5
    Of course, the subject of the article does not fit very well into the subject of the site. But, on the other hand, the topic only emphasizes two characteristic features of European countries of the Middle Ages - social hysteria and intolerance. On the fertile ground of these phenomena, the theological picture of the world, abundantly fertilized by endemic obscurantism, blossomed through lush color through the political interests. An ideal model of a managed society - homogeneous and predictable, besides the very one destroying everything that does not fit into the ideological picture
  4. zoknyay82
    zoknyay82 11 December 2017 16: 39 New
    +2
    Expressions: "In the decree, in the dog, the underwater snake, donkey, donkey, goat, deer", only confirm the presence of all kinds of "werewolves" and some in uniform! Gee-gee. laughing
    1. parusnik
      parusnik 11 December 2017 18: 58 New
      +4
      We are going with a godfather, both of them vampires in a sword belt, stopped .. We looked closely, and these are werewolves in uniform ...
  5. parusnik
    parusnik 11 December 2017 18: 57 New
    0
    But after talking with representatives of the Inquisition, Gilles again began to claim that he could turn into a wolf.
    ..Inquisition, but don’t confess .. you confess anything to this ...
  6. Blue cop
    Blue cop 11 December 2017 19: 32 New
    15
    That's Garnier
    Wolf Wolf Death
  7. 3x3zsave
    3x3zsave 11 December 2017 19: 53 New
    +2
    So-so stuff. Are the stories over?
  8. zoolu350
    zoolu350 12 December 2017 10: 07 New
    0
    This is how the Western medieval and plagued the beauties along the commoner line, and the celibacy of Catholic priests is to blame.
  9. Fitter65
    Fitter65 12 December 2017 14: 20 New
    +3
    Courts of the Middle Ages can hardly be called humane. Countless people were sent to bonfires under the motto of fighting against evil spirits. And if women were burned on charges of witchcraft, then men - like werewolves

    Well, about women, it’s clear that any simpishka who did not give the priest or the inquisitor was immediately declared a witch. And the man who tried to intercede for her became an accomplice of evil spirits. That's how they lost their future. All healthy and beautiful women were burned, brave and courageous men were destroyed. All that remained was a population with low social responsibility, which, after 400-430, degenerated into people of the third sex ....
    1. Vier_E
      Vier_E 14 December 2017 04: 08 New
      0
      The plague epidemics have mowed out an unprecedentedly larger population in this very Europe. Yes, and not once.
      1. Fitter65
        Fitter65 14 December 2017 12: 30 New
        0
        Quote: Vier_E
        The plague epidemics have mowed out an unprecedentedly larger population in this very Europe. Yes, and not once.

        Yes, I agree, in the Middle Ages, the plague of the Inquisition and the black plague and smallpox, the brown plague in the 20th century mowed the population of the European continent well, now they have another blue plague in Europe, or rather LGBT ... Which they again want to spread to the whole Mir. Yes, from this Europe it is necessary to create a real quarantine cordon.
        1. Vier_E
          Vier_E 15 December 2017 10: 18 New
          0
          And why is all this here? Well, let's recall serfdom, other delights of tsarism, then the red plague with us. It is precisely the fact that the plague precisely mowed the population by the millions; the Inquisition did not even dream of such efficiency. It's just about this, not about LGBT people and other interesting personalities of our time.
          And yes, humanity has fought its entire conscious history, just toys were not so deadly in ancient times.
          1. Fitter65
            Fitter65 15 December 2017 11: 55 New
            0
            Quote: Vier_E
            Well, let's remember more .... the red plague with us.

            And what kind of red plague is this, did YOU have?
            1. Vier_E
              Vier_E 18 December 2017 05: 58 New
              0
              Attempts to build communism are called that. Similar to brown. laughing
    2. Michael_Zverev
      Michael_Zverev 14 December 2017 23: 10 New
      0
      Quote: Fitter65

      Well, as for women, it’s clear that any simpishka who didn’t give the priest or the inquisitor was immediately declared a witch. And the man who tried to intercede for her by itself became an accomplice of evil spirits.

      It is rather not about the Inquisition, but about the “witch hunt”, which was especially fierce in Protestant countries, but in Italy and Spain, where the Inquisition was strong, there was practically no “Vedic panic”. People were accused of witchcraft by their own neighbors and the secular authorities were burned, and if in Spain for the very real performance of witchcraft rites (people then believed in witchcraft and practiced it) you could be at the pillory and get lashes, but still survive, then in Germany denunciation some guy who fell in love with a beautiful neighbor really led to torture and a bonfire.
  10. Molot1979
    Molot1979 3 March 2018 08: 28 New
    +1
    And why is not considered the version of the guilt of the peasant? It’s not necessary to turn into a wolf to kill children. You can just be a crazy maniac. The dude moved to the wilderness, did not make contact with the locals, lurked constantly. Here and nowadays I would have brought suspicions from three boxes. And then people were easier. Finally, the right question was raised: with the execution of Granier, did the killings stop, or not? And another question: since the guy constantly changed the testimony, then the process took a couple of weeks. No new incidents during this time? If both answers are NO, then justice has taken exactly the right person. If the deaths continued, then Granier was the victim of a witch hunt.
    Finally, gentlemen, this hat about "always this Europe has been." In Russia, they acted no more humane with malicious witches and suspected of abortion, just the initiative was not from the authorities and the Church, but from the peasants. The villagers themselves were going to a gathering, sentenced and collectively carried out. As it happened, you can read at the very beginning of the famous novel "Quiet Don".