For recruits - in a nightclub
This is data on the Kiev city military registration and enlistment office. They became public after the Commissariat was forced to explain itself for its methods of fulfilling the conscription plan. Local human rights activists were excited after the police and military raid at the Kiev night club Jugendhub.
It seems that they were looking for drugs, but in fact 32 conscripts were taken from the club to the assembly point, who were evading military service. This raid frightened the dodgers and their relatives with its scale. The previous practice was quite individual. The military enlistment office formed lists of draft dodgers, handed them to the police. She was engaged in the search.
In this scheme, since the time of the first wave of mobilization (there were six of them altogether), there was a rather broad opportunity for maneuver. First of all, the opportunity to leave the country, including on specially organized tourist tours. Others preferred to buy a medical certificate that protects against war and service.
True, it is a very expensive business. When the authorities arrested a doctor in Chernivtsi for trading fake certificates, it turned out that an enterprising doctor was taking 3,5 thousands of euros for a document of medical exemption from military duties. Experts agreed that this is a regular dachshund. Meanwhile, it is comparable to the annual salary of a skilled worker.
Not everyone could afford to spend so much. Therefore, by the second wave of mobilization, for example, in the Transcarpathian, Ivano-Frankivsk and Lviv regions, 60% of men of working age turned out to be outside Ukraine. In Kiev, the number of draft dodgers from military service reached 95%.
Now the situation in the war is not so acute. Moreover, the recruits promise not to attract to participate in the ATO. But everyone understands that an escalation of the conflict is possible. The authorities almost daily make threats against the unrecognized republics. If these threats become a reality, they will have to be realized by those recruits who are now carefully hiding from the military registration and enlistment offices.
In response, the military demonstrate amazing ingenuity in search of draft dodgers. The raids were not only in the capital clubs for young people. A night raid by the military and the police, for example, was held in Lviv. It was a week after the Kiev raids. Her sad lesson, which caused public outrage, was taken into account. Because twelve poor fellows who got into the network of recruiters, were not sent directly to the barracks. They were only given agendas to appear at the recruiting station.
Of course, such modest numbers of identified draft dodgers probably do not reflect all the problems of the current draft campaign in Ukraine. More clearly it can be seen on another action of the same Lviv recruiting office. On his Facebook page, he published a complete list of those who evade military service — it turned out 15 000 people (more than the autumn draft plan all over Ukraine). The names of conscripts, their names, patronymic names and other personal data were indicated.
Later it turned out that not all of them were draft dodgers. Many did not even receive subpoenas. The representative of the Lviv regional military registration and enlistment office Roman Poroniuk explained that “this is a list of people to be called up for military service. By law, they had to come to the recruiting station to check their data. ” The scandal broke out again, and the list was removed from the website of the military enlistment office.
Difficult choice of recruits
Related stories happened in almost all regions of Ukraine. Authorities ran after conscripts to put them under arms. Those, in turn, were in no hurry to collect points, evading military service that fell on them. This game of cat cats each side explains in its own way.
A spokesman for the public relations department of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine, Yuzef Venskovich, justifies the actions of the military by saying that “the disruption of the fulfillment of the presidential decree on the 2017 year must not be prevented.” The motivation of conscripts is quite obvious. They do not want to become cannon fodder of the Kiev regime.
True, President Poroshenko swore to the country that recruits would not get into the ATO zone, but would guard military depots (fires began to happen more often), engage in combat training, master equipment and armaments. Meanwhile, those called up in the spring soon found themselves on the construction of engineering structures in the combat zone in the east of the country.
The rumor about this was widely spread throughout Ukraine, which only increased the flow of draft dodgers. Authorities through the media constantly remind them of responsibility for evading military service. A set of punitive measures ranges from a fine of about two hundred hryvnia to imprisonment for up to three years.
However, recruits receive the real term extremely rarely. The courts mainly stamp conditional punishments, but even they in the future will seriously affect the life prospects of a person. With a previous conviction, he will not be able to work in the state and municipal service, in the public sector, etc.
Not everyone likes this prospect. Therefore, recruits show wonders of resourcefulness, so as not to get into the army. In early November, the Ukrainian media reported on the case in the Vinnitsa region. There, a 22-year-old local man married an 80-year-old grandmother. This story was made public not only because of the rare misalliance.
The newlywed turned out to be the granddaughter of a resourceful recruit. Her sister was a deviant's grandmother. As they told reporters at the local village council, the spouses did not even know that she was getting married. She was taken to the city under the pretext of re-registering property for her heirs, where this unforgettable marriage took place.
On the same day, the happy newlyweds submitted to the military registration and enlistment office a document confirming that he should now take care of his spouse - a disabled person of the first group - and therefore deserves a deferment from conscription. Vinnitsa story amused the local public. Caused a flurry of stinging comments on social networks. Although especially frolic is not worth it.
The Kiev regime placed conscripts with a difficult choice: to become a member of the civil war or to violate the law on conscription. This choice is between the promise of the Ukrainian president to leave recruits behind the lines of the war and the harsh reality. As the volunteer Miroslav Guy, who is familiar with the situation, testifies, on the front line “the lack of officers, like a soldier, is catastrophic in the army”.
Guy responded to the appeal of the Minister of Defense of Ukraine Stepan Poltorak to military pensioners with a request to return to the service. In the autumn draft, the request of the Minister was transformed into a plan for recruiting graduates of civilian higher educational institutions who studied in military departments for officer positions. As part of this order, the Ministry of Defense puts into operation thousands of such officers.
No matter what they say, the population connects the modern Ukrainian army not with the protection of warehouses and military property, but with the war in the Donbas. It becomes a serious irritant of the Ukrainian society. Not so long ago, the leader of the Communist Party of Ukraine Pyotr Simonenko on the TV channel "Star" said that, despite the massive propaganda treatment of the "aggression of Russia", an increasing part of the country's population understands: the war in the Donbas is against its own citizens.
Simonenko referred to the latest measurements of public opinion. Surveys of sociologists show: about 70% of Ukrainians now demonstrate anti-war sentiment. It was caused by large losses (more than 10 thousand people died as a result of military actions in the Donbas), financial expenses (every day of the war costs 5-7 million dollars) and awareness of the internal nature of this civil conflict.
Experts cite other indicative figures, but one well-known fact outweighs all of them: in 2013, then-President of Ukraine Viktor Yanukovych canceled military conscription and began to form it on a contract basis. Postmaydannaya power restored compulsory military service, once seated in Kiev government offices.
Since then, conscription has become one of the main factors of social tension. It can be treated differently. However, it is clear to any objective observer: the lack of motivation of most recruits to serve in the army says, first of all, that the current government in Kiev cannot count on the support of society. The youth does not want to protect the interests of this regime and openly evades the military service imposed on it.