Military Review

Day district

37
November 17 in the Russian Federation celebrates the Day of the district police officers. This is a relatively young holiday. It was established in 2002 year in accordance with the order “On announcing the day of the district police officers”. The day of November 17 was not chosen by chance: in the distant 1923, it was on that day that the “Instructions to the local warden” was approved. From now on, you can count history the institute of district police officers (wardens, inspectors, commissioners - the second part of the name of the service changed with enviable regularity) in its modern form.


In fact, the institute of the district police existed in the Russian Empire, and only then the district police officers were called near-warder supervisors. However, the service of police guards and modern precinct still differed. For example, in small towns and villages there were no guardians around the guards, and in large cities there were two policemen behind the neighborhood guards. Near-guard overseers had subordinates: policemen and street sweepers (who, as you know, also performed police functions at that time). In Soviet times, the service of district wardens (later renamed authorized) was modernized. Each precinct was assigned either a plot of a settlement, or (in the case of rural areas) several small rural settlements. The image of the Soviet district police officer was romanticized in many works of art, in famous films about the district police officer Fedor Aniskin.

Day district


Indeed, a lot depended on the district police officer during the Soviet era. A good precinct was a real acquisition for residents of the territory under his jurisdiction. Older generations still remember true professionals, who knew all the inhabitants of their area, were aware of the numerous problems of citizens, helped them take the path of correcting the released prisoners and prevented young people from entering the path of criminal activity.

The district police officers disclose a huge number of crimes, both in the area of ​​the public security police and the criminal police. Of course, the bulk of the work of the district police officers gives an analysis of the statements of citizens, including the facts of violation of public order, their legitimate rights and interests. Petty hooliganism, alcohol use in public places, drinking and drinking, fights, family scandals, antisocial behavior - the precinct police officer has to deal with all this.

In rural areas, the district policeman actually represents in his person the entire law-enforcement system of the state, often responsible for the rule of law in several localities at once. Rural district has to perform the functions of many police services at once. At the same time, the regional department, especially if we take areas east of the Urals, may be very far from the place of service.

We all know that the district police officer is the police officer that an ordinary citizen has to deal with most often, and on many domestic issues. The service of district officers takes place in direct interaction with the residents, covering a variety of issues. A local police officer is both a patrol officer in his area, and “operas”, and an investigator. He is obliged to know everything about the jurisdictional territory and its inhabitants. Ideally. In practice, unfortunately, this is not always the case. After all, in the service of the district police - perhaps the largest "turnover" of personnel in the Interior Ministry. Many district police officers, having worked for several years “on the ground,” are trying to transfer to other units with a lower level of workload.



The lack of personnel affects the performance of the district police officers. In some areas, instead of 20-30, a person can work as a 5 precinct person. In the 9 months of the current year alone, the district commissioners reviewed 6 million citizens' appeals. In general, each precinct has a precinct with a population of 3100 people, but in practice the number of residents in the territory under their jurisdiction is much higher, since many precinct have to combine duties in other districts where the position is vacant.

One can imagine what their load volume is and how difficult it is to cope with this volume. Moreover, the district police officers are often assigned tasks uncharacteristic of the police, for example, helping military commissariats to search for citizens evading activities related to conscription, finding and detaining deserters from the armed forces, and assisting bailiffs. All these activities take the precious time of the district police officers, distract from the main burden of crime and crime prevention, and conduct inquiries.

However, there are also such policemen for whom their service by precinct policemen is a real vocation. Every year, the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia holds a “People’s Precinct” competition, in which the most deserving district police officers from all regions participate. Unfortunately, the man in the street distributes the shortcomings and mistakes that occur in any human activity to the whole service of the district police officers. Claims to the policeman arise on any occasion - neighbors rustle, alcoholics or drug addicts live, young people gather in the evenings. The district police officer is expected to be able to solve any such problem as a wizard, although in reality the police are constrained by Russian law. But on the real exploits of the Russian police are rarely spoken. Meanwhile, the precinct commit them regularly and do not see anything heroic in it. Such is their service - to help people.

2013 year. The senior district police officer of the Police Department No. 3 of the Russian Interior Ministry’s Directorate for the city of Rostov-on-Don, Police Major Viktor Nizelnik, is on night duty. Habitual case for an experienced cop. Suddenly, the major saw a car driving at high speed to a passerby crossing the roadway. Victor Nizelnik reacted instantly - he rushed to the pedestrian, pushed him to the side, managing to save the car from impact. But the policeman himself was hit by a car. Major Nizelnik was taken to hospital. Traumatic brain injury and a broken leg - these are the consequences of the noble deed of the Rostov district police officer. This is only an episode from the long years of service of police major Viktor Nizelnik. The precinct authorized Nizelnik serves a very difficult area of ​​Rostov-on-Don - the “old center” section, where a significant part of the housing stock are real slums with a corresponding contingent of residents. It is not uncommon - drunken quarrels, family scandals, many dysfunctional families.

Local police officers, by virtue of their official duties, always interact directly with such a contingent. They are obliged to know all the “doubtful” persons in the territory under their jurisdiction, to carry out preventive work with them, to monitor how the adaptation of yesterday's prisoners released from places of detention takes place. Sometimes even a call to a banal family quarrel can turn into a real tragedy. So, on November 14, 2017, in the Nevelsky district of the Pskov region, a man shot two district police officers. The police arrived on a call about a family conflict, but the man - the culprit of the scandal shot both district police officers, after which he shot himself. Such cases, unfortunately, are not uncommon - there are many people in our society who abuse alcohol or drugs, with a shaky psyche. So, 13 May 2016, the administration of the village of Fedorovka, in the Neklinovsky district of the Rostov region, went 67-year-old pensioner, armed with a sawn-off shotgun. He shot the deputy head of the administration of a rural settlement, mortally wounding an official. The noise came 48-year precinct police commissioner Alexander Obidenko. Fedorovka is a small town and everyone here knew each other. The district policeman was respected by all the villagers - he was his man, he served in the internal affairs bodies for sixteen years, and he lived there in Fedorovka. But the pensioner, who had already shot an official, decided that he had nothing to lose and shot a police officer. Alexander Obidenko died.

Police Major Stanislav Nikolaevich Shobokholov in 2017 was nominated for the title “People’s Precinct” from the Irkutsk Region. He has eleven years of service in the internal affairs agencies, including a trip to the “hot spot”. And Major Shobokholov began his service by detaining a drunken rowdy who beat his wife and, armed with an ax and a knife, barricaded himself in his own home. Then the efforts of the district policeman prevented the tragedy, and the bully went to the colony for attacking a police officer and beating his wife.

In January, 2017, in Sochi, senior police officer, police major Vladimir Novikov, helped the family get out of the burning house. Risking life and health, the precinct saved a whole large family. And at this time the major was not in the service, but was visiting friends. Together with his comrades, he carried out three children and a mother from a burning house, and then, returning to an apartment filled with flames, he carried out and the unconscious father of the family. The major decided not to tell anyone about his act, and the management learned about the heroism of his employee by chance. The lives of many Russian precinct are filled with such feats, some of them have tens of people.

Osinniki. A small town in the Kemerovo region. Senior police officer, police major, Zurab Dzneladze, saw an attacker pulling a handbag out of a woman’s hands at a public transport stop. The policeman responded instantly - he rushed to the criminal, but the robber took out a knife and managed to hit the district police officer. Despite the injury, the 53-year-old police major was able to twist the assailant and take him to the police station. Only after delivering the detainee, the major noticed the blood on his uniform and realized that he was wounded.

Many Russian precinct have passed the "hot spots" of the post-Soviet space, in the first place - the fighting in the North Caucasus. In the North Caucasian republics, district police officers are at the forefront of the fight against terrorism. Thus, October 14, 2014, was awarded the title of Hero of Russia by Police Major Abubakar Khasanovich, Major Police Officer, Chief of Police of the Department of Internal Affairs and Peoples' Directorate of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia for the Sunzhensky District of the Republic of Ingushetia. During the operation in the rural settlement area, the Nesterovskoye group of policemen, among whom was Major Kostoyev, blocked the car in which the suicide bomber was located. There was an explosion, as a result of which the police, including Abubakar Kostoev, were seriously injured.

In difficult regions of the Russian Federation, especially in the North Caucasus, the service of district police officers is associated with great risks. For example, in Dagestan, only in the autumn of 2017, two district police officers were killed. There is nothing surprising in attacks on district police officers committed in troubled regions of the Russian Federation. By virtue of their duties, it is the district police officers who most closely interact with the population, personifying the presence of the state even in the most deaf and hard-to-reach settlements. They are also keepers of information about all residents of the territory under their jurisdiction, including those with information about suspicious citizens. Therefore, it is the precinct that becomes the first target of militants.

Unfortunately, the shortage of personnel leads to the fact that random people, including those who consider the profession of a policeman as a means of profit, enter the service of the internal affairs bodies. Such people are not so few. Another thing is that in recent years, the police are trying to clear their rows of alien elements in time. But even the brief activity of “werewolves in uniform” casts a shadow on the whole profession. People forget about the good deeds, which are committed by the Russian district police officers, about the criminals caught, about crimes that were often prevented at the cost of their own lives. But before my eyes - the staff, "the roof" of the trade in fake vodka and drugs, prostitution, begging, illegal migrants.

It is to ensure that the image of the Russian district police officer is not associated with negative examples, and it makes sense to talk more about real heroes - representatives of the complex and dangerous profession of a policeman. On the Day of the precinct "Military Review" wishes all the current and former precinct authorized health, calm service and no loss.
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  1. Herculesic
    Herculesic 17 November 2017 06: 14 New
    +4
    Soviet precinct, it is almost always sticking out of a holster or fed a cucumber !! wassat But, they knew their work, and clearly performed! !! soldier So, I wish the Russian district police officers, who are totally lacking, in terms of performance and results to be equal to the local police officers of the times of the USSR! !! soldier I wish you health and success in your hard work! !!!! soldier hi
    1. 210ox
      210ox 17 November 2017 06: 23 New
      +3
      Well, about the cucumber, you certainly turned down with folklore. And so with the holiday, you are the district police officers. I didn’t hear what it is about the lack of set. But this is in the Kuban, as I will not say in other places.
      Quote: Herkulesich
      Soviet precinct, it is almost always sticking out of a holster or fed a cucumber !! wassat But, they knew their work, and clearly performed! !! soldier So, I wish the Russian district police officers, who are totally lacking, in terms of performance and results to be equal to the local police officers of the times of the USSR! !! soldier I wish you health and success in your hard work! !!!! soldier hi
      1. Herculesic
        Herculesic 17 November 2017 06: 31 New
        +1
        210 ok hi -cucumber, this is not folklore, I often saw it myself, back in Soviet times wassat , and due to the lack of district police officers, I know that in Rostov and in the region this fact has a place to be! ! From the same precinct and I know! !!!
        1. ID90
          ID90 17 November 2017 12: 18 New
          +1
          precinct is not enough for a simple reason.
          first lured by an apartment, and then enlarged areas.
          and the apartment is no longer needed, because you have to live at work.
        2. Barbulator
          Barbulator 17 November 2017 15: 30 New
          0
          Quote: Herkulesich
          I know from the district police themselves! !!!

          You are very lucky: living in the center of a million-plus city for more than 25 years, I saw a local inspector more than 20 years ago. Neither I nor the neighbors know them.
          1. sergo42
            sergo42 17 November 2017 21: 52 New
            0
            And you will not see, especially after the reforms
      2. Andrey K
        Andrey K 17 November 2017 12: 57 New
        +5
        Quote: 210ox
        ... Well, about the cucumber, you certainly turned down with folklore And so on the occasion of you, the district police officers. I didn’t hear what it was about the lack of set. But this is in the Kuban, as I won’t say in other places ...

        With a cucumber, a colleague chucked of course.
        WITH HOLIDAY guys, health and prosperity, strong rear ...
        So that the time sheet does not have to be removed ...
        To carry out their difficult, dangerous service with honor soldier
    2. aszzz888
      aszzz888 17 November 2017 06: 41 New
      +3
      Herculesych Today, 06:14 New
      Soviet precinct, it is almost always sticking out of a holster or fed a cucumber !!

      ... not quite so ... in areas farthest from the police department, especially in rural areas, PM was put on a constant wear ... he wore it for a quarter of a century ... from a holster worn to white metal ...
      1. Herculesic
        Herculesic 17 November 2017 07: 04 New
        0
        In different regions of the country, the attitude towards weapons was different at that time! hi In the house nearby, the usual Khrushchevka, “the calm captain of the militia carried a gun with him a dozen times during all his life, with the district police officer, and that’s because he knew about the arrival of the inspectors! !!!
    3. stolz
      stolz 17 November 2017 08: 58 New
      +1
      Without diminishing the significance of the work of the district police officers, I would like to know what relation they have to the military in general and to the military review in particular?
      1. ul_vitalii
        ul_vitalii 17 November 2017 17: 25 New
        +6
        At any time, they will put on glasses, a cigar in the teeth and in battle. drinks
  2. Same lech
    Same lech 17 November 2017 06: 15 New
    +5
    The most working profession in the police ... is the profession ... because few people can dig every day, I'm sorry in shit every day.
    Every day you need to write pieces of paper, reports, unsubscribes and other crap ... I do not envy the district ...
    but on the other hand, I would recommend to all young policemen to go through this sieve after knowing life from the inside in all its glory ... smile
    1. Galleon
      Galleon 17 November 2017 09: 20 New
      +3
      Quote: The same Lech
      in all its glory

      You probably wanted to say - "unvarnished" ..
  3. Knowing
    Knowing 17 November 2017 06: 22 New
    +6
    The most probably not grateful specialization in the system of the Ministry of Internal Affairs is always one, and in places where OH (district) is far from generally accepted, calm ... Happy Holidays of ALL District Inspectors! God bless you and good luck does not leave! soldier
    1. aszzz888
      aszzz888 17 November 2017 06: 38 New
      +2
      Knowing Today, 06:22 New
      The most probably not grateful specialization in the system of the Ministry of Internal Affairs is always one, and in places where OH (district) is far from generally accepted, calm ...

      ... well, something like this ... at the time of various Ministers of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, there was everything ... but the reward for this is that people remember, say hello and even the "contingent" of evil do not hold ...
      1. Knowing
        Knowing 17 November 2017 07: 57 New
        +3
        The son works, although he told him that it is very difficult ... request
        Quote: aszzz888
        but the reward for this is that people remember, say hello and even the "contingent" of evil do not hold evil ...

        So if it’s Be precinctand not shameful garbage ... but ... hi
        1. aszzz888
          aszzz888 17 November 2017 08: 28 New
          +2
          Knowing Today, 07:57 ↑
          The son works, although he told him that it is very difficult ... request

          ... my congratulations on the holiday, to your son ... difficult, but honorable ...
  4. Alexander 3
    Alexander 3 17 November 2017 06: 23 New
    +4
    I join all the good wishes. People in this profession are very few at home, they can say they live at work.
  5. aszzz888
    aszzz888 17 November 2017 06: 34 New
    +4
    I congratulate my colleagues "on the shop floor", started with this service ... Father during the Second World War, was a district inspector, had a reservation (there was a certificate from the NKVD), although he wrote reports to the front ...
    Health, well-being of a good career growth, and as they said before - success in BP and PP !!! drinks
    PS it is very pleasant that we remembered on the VO website about such a "holiday not passing in society" !!! Thanks to the author! good
  6. Masya masya
    Masya masya 17 November 2017 07: 01 New
    10

    District work -
    Irregular day
    Every moment, always worries,
    Even if very lazy!

    After all, service is above all!
    And we wish you
    Let the plot be quieter
    Everyone is calm and smart!
    Happy Holidays! love
  7. Svarog51
    Svarog51 17 November 2017 07: 24 New
    +9
    I join in all the congratulations. I especially want to congratulate our colleagues on the site involved in this difficult service - aszzz888 и Okolotochny. I apologize if I didn’t mention someone out of ignorance. Once again, with the Precinct Day! drinks drinks drinks
    1. Jedi
      Jedi 17 November 2017 09: 15 New
      +5
      Seryoga, hello! hi Let me join your words! drinks drinks drinks
      1. Svarog51
        Svarog51 17 November 2017 09: 37 New
        +6
        Max, welcome hi Of course, join in. good drinks
  8. Rusfaner
    Rusfaner 17 November 2017 07: 56 New
    +3
    "Aniskins", with a holiday!
    Those who SERVE - a deep bow!
    All my village childhood and youth I remember the same foreman-ml. Lieutenant. First with a black mustache, then with white ...
  9. Million
    Million 17 November 2017 08: 03 New
    +2
    I don’t know the district police officer, I haven’t seen him. I hope and will never be needed
    1. Nyrobsky
      Nyrobsky 17 November 2017 10: 50 New
      +2
      Quote: Million
      I don’t know the district police officer, I haven’t seen him. I hope and will never be needed

      How, and you also did not see him? I know that he is, but never met. I remember, the question arose about the certification of the spouse and it was necessary to take a certificate of residence from the district police officer. I went to the station, asked who was assigned to our area, but having received the answer that he was on the site, he left the coordinates and the essence of his “trebe”. Then he went in and took the characteristic - "Citizen Name, lives alone, brings up the child, characterized positively. "Wept with the whole family. lol Happy Holiday - Precinct!
      1. Million
        Million 17 November 2017 11: 01 New
        +1
        Rumor has it that they have a lot of reporting and they have no time to communicate with the population.
        1. Nyrobsky
          Nyrobsky 17 November 2017 11: 05 New
          +3
          Quote: Million
          Rumor has it that they have a lot of reporting and they have no time to communicate with the population.

          I willingly believe in this. We have bureaucratized any service, up to the teachers of the younger nursery groups in kindergartens. Planning, reports, references, memos, commissions with checks, etc. etc., but there’s no time left for the service ... request
  10. Seraphimamur
    Seraphimamur 17 November 2017 08: 14 New
    +3
    I was surprised to find that there are district officers, I thought they were gone as an unnecessary element during the "reform" of the police - the police. I live and I don’t know my local police officer, and I only watch the police on holidays in the form of cordons. But on TV they say that the police and district officers work somewhere. It remains to be happy for somewhere.
  11. Sergei75
    Sergei75 17 November 2017 08: 28 New
    +1
    You are lucky with the district police officers, but in our city of Lyublino, on Belorechenskaya street, d.17, he doesn’t catch mice, in the summer at night in the courtyard of drunkenness, drugs are ubiquitous.
    There was an interesting case a few years ago, a neighbor at the entrance to the open market was selling drugs, we called the police and the district police, the hell out of the village, one day, I look, two people with machine guns and body armor rush to an apartment in an apartment, I think, finally, but not , they came out from there, happy as elephants, and trade continued until the neighbor from the "crocodile" himself gave the oak.
    Maybe somewhere there are normal ones, but few of them.
    Although, in the city of Vyazma, on the street Mayakovsky, 5, a neighbor at night got into the habit of having drunken parties at night, called the police, arrived and calmed down, but it seemed like it was a patrol.
  12. stolz
    stolz 17 November 2017 10: 10 New
    0
    Quote: The same Lech
    The most working profession in the police ... is the profession ... because few people can dig every day, I'm sorry in shit every day.
    Every day you need to write pieces of paper, reports, unsubscribes and other crap ... I do not envy the district ...
    but on the other hand, I would recommend to all young policemen to go through this sieve after knowing life from the inside in all its glory ... smile

    Yes, of course, you will not praise yourself, who else will do it? After all, the love of the people to the police is not a secret.
  13. Yurich
    Yurich 17 November 2017 10: 24 New
    +2
    Congratulations to all the precinct on a holiday!
    About the shortage, not by hearsay, when I was the head of the department of UUM, I had 30 people subordinate (district police officers 26 plus 4 assistants), now 12
  14. Yurich
    Yurich 17 November 2017 10: 56 New
    +1
    All UUM with a holiday!
  15. senima56
    senima56 17 November 2017 11: 34 New
    +1
    It all starts with the precinct. He is at the forefront of all the events in the area. There is a special demand from the policeman, therefore the salary of the policeman should be as high as possible for the police!
    1. Captain45
      Captain45 17 November 2017 12: 48 New
      +1
      Quote: senima56
      It all starts with the precinct. He is at the forefront of all the events in the area. There is a special demand from the policeman, therefore the salary of the policeman should be as high as possible for the police!

      This was during the Soviet era, at the end of the 80's, a district police officer with a legal education and a rank one notch higher, and the benefits were different, especially in the countryside, and apartments, although service ones, were out of turn. We wanted to envy them a little, and then the Soviet power ended, and the police ended.

      Bitter tinctures will not help us,
      Do not "smear" a farewell buffet
      Soldiers will sink into oblivion.
      Those that Felix honored portrait.

      Dissolve like thoughts, traditions
      In a whirl of reforms and pursuits ..
      Unusual word police
      Veterans will put on the line.

      Kadrovichka, with a smile of the Chaldean
      I’ll take my “crust” in my hands ...
      "They say we're police now!"
      "Whoever remains is lucky!"

      "Salaries are said to be huge !!"
      "They will remove the income tax !!"
      I looked into the eyes irrepressible ...
      And I thought: "God bless you" .....
      .................................................
      . ..
      Someone’s got stronger
      Someone will increase arrogance ...
      I can’t work in the police
      I ended up in the police ...
  16. sds87
    sds87 18 November 2017 16: 56 New
    0
    I saw our precinct only once and I don’t want to see him more. I remember one evening the doorbell rings. I look through the peephole - some sort of peasant is incomprehensible in civilian clothes. Since the door goes into the vestibule for 4 apartments, and the vestibule from the staircase is separated by a door with glass, the door opened. Immediately the question to me: “Who are you,” “Do you live here or did you happen to be in a random way?”, “Open the door to the vestibule for me.” I got so serious. I ask: “Who are you at all ?. In response, something like - is it not your right to ask ?. Then he pulled out a“ crust ”and introduced himself as a district police officer. He rang around the apartments looking for possible witnesses to a shop robbery near my house. I have this store the window shows a little from behind the trees. I honestly replied that I didn’t see anything and that was the end of my conversation with the district police officer. If it weren’t for the district police officer, I thought that some kind of gopnik was being drugged and hanging around in apartments.
    1. Mordvin 3
      Mordvin 3 18 November 2017 17: 07 New
      +4
      The policeman never came to see me. As it was a bit tedious, the question: "who are you"?
      -And who are you?
      -I'm a precinct. Surname?
      -Semen Semenovich ... Gorbunkov. Why do you need my last name?
      “I have to know who lives here.” Well you go, everything is in order.