Military Review

The most famous Armenian tanker. Chief Marshal of the Armored Forces Amazasp Khachaturovich Babajanyan

31
Among the famous military leaders of Armenian origin, the name of Amazasp Khachaturovich Babajanyan rightfully occupies one of the leading places. In the Soviet Union, Amazasp Babajanyan managed to build a brilliant military career, rising to the rank of Chief Marshal of Armored Forces. Hamazasp Babajanyan participated in the Great Patriotic War since July 1941, during the war years he was awarded numerous orders and medals, including the Gold Star medal and the Hero of the Soviet Union honorary title. Marshal Hamazasp Khachaturovich Babadzhanyan died 40 years ago 1 November 1977 years.


Hamazasp Khachaturovich Babajanyan was born on February 5 (February 18 in a new style) 1906 was born in the village of Chardakhly in the Elizavetpol province, today it is the territory of the Shamkir region of Azerbaijan. His parents were ordinary peasants. At the same time, the family of the future marshal was the average unit of the Russian Empire society at the beginning of the 20th century, the family had many children, there were 8 children in it at once, they all required care and attention. In order to feed a large family, Amazaspa’s father was almost never at home, as he had to constantly work while her mother was busy with household chores and looking after younger children. At the same time, children in the Babajanyan family began to work early. Hamazasp Babajanyan after graduating from high school 5 classes began to work in his father's household, and then rotten.

It is worth noting that the early start of work and only primary or secondary incomplete education is found in the biographies of many military and simply famous people of that era. For most ordinary people, especially non-urban residents, study at the time was not in the first place. Much more priority was to feed yourself, your family and children. At the same time, Amazasp Babadzhanyan did not just work on the ground, in 1923-1924 he worked on the construction of roads in the territory of today's Shamkir region.

The most famous Armenian tanker. Chief Marshal of the Armored Forces Amazasp Khachaturovich Babajanyan

In 1924, the future Marshal of the Soviet Union joined the Komsomol, becoming the first secretary of a rural Komsomol cell. Komsomol in those years gave people more opportunities for their development and self-realization, was one of the steps of the new social elevators. Contemporaries noted that Babadzhanyan was an active Komsomol member who literally gushed forth with various ideas and proposals. It can be said that a young man with an active lifestyle was noticed and in September 1925 was called to the ranks of the Red Army not according to the usual, but according to the Komsomol appeal. According to the distribution, he was sent to study at the Armenian Infantry School, which was located in Yerevan at that time, this is where his brilliant officer career began. In September 1926, after this school was disbanded, it was transferred to the Transcaucasian Military Infantry School, which was located in Tbilisi.

After graduating from the infantry school, Amazasp Babadzhanyan was sent to serve in the 7 Caucasian Rifle Regiment (Caucasian Red Banner Army), where he served as platoon commander, secretary of the party bureau of a separate battalion, company commander. As part of the regiment he took part in battles against bandit groups and participants in anti-Soviet demonstrations, was wounded in one of the battles. Later, his colleagues recalled that Amazasp was a very mobile and enterprising man who did not like to sit on the spot and was constantly engaged in some work. At the same time, it was particularly emphasized that he always treated his subordinates and younger in rank with respect.

In March 1934, Amazasp Babajanyan was transferred to the 3 machine gun regiment, which was stationed in Baku at that time. In the regiment he served as commanders of machine-gun companies and a battalion, as well as an assistant chief of staff of the regiment. In October, 1937 was appointed to the post of chief of the 1 section of the air defense unit of the Transcaucasian Military District in Baku. In August, 1938 was appointed Chief of Staff of the 3 Machine Gun Regiment, and in October of the same year he was transferred to the Leningrad Military District as Assistant Commander of the 2 Machine Gun Regiment. As part of the Leningrad Military District Babadzhanyan took part in the Soviet-Finnish war 1939-1940. During one of the battles that took place on February 18 1940 of the year, the future marshal was wounded for the second time in his life, this wound was not his last.


After recovering in December 1940, the officer was appointed deputy commander of the 493 Infantry Regiment, and in January 1941, the deputy commander of the 751 Infantry Regiment, both were located in the North Caucasus Military District. Just before the war in April 1941, Hamazasp Babajanyan was appointed assistant to the chief of the 1 division of the operations department of the 19 army headquarters, located in the Kiev Special Military District.

Since July 1941, Babajanyan took part in the Great Patriotic War, this month his 19-I army arrived on the Western Front, where the situation was very difficult. In August, he became commander of the 395 Infantry Regiment as part of the 127 Infantry Division. He took an active part in the Smolensk defensive battle and Yelninskoy offensive operations. Already 18 September 1941, the 127-th Infantry Division becomes the 2-th Guards, and the regiment, commanded by Amazasp Babadzhanyan, became the 1-th Guards Rifle Regiment.

At the end of September 1941, the guards were incorporated into the operational group of A. N. Yermakov, which was transferred to the eastern Glukhova region, where she led heavy defensive battles against superior enemy forces. October 3 division was redeployed near Kursk, in November part of the division were fierce defensive battles in the area of ​​the city of Tim. In December 1941, the 2-I Guards Rifle Division took part in the Soviet counteroffensive near Moscow, after which it was redeployed to the South-Western Front, and then became part of the Southern Front as part of the 3-th Guards Rifle Division. In March, 1942, units of the division took part in the Soviet offensive against Taganrog.


In April, according to other sources, at the beginning of June 1942, Babajanyan was sent from the front to study. He got to crash courses at the MV Frunze Military Academy, which was evacuated to Tashkent. He studied in Uzbekistan until the end of August 1942, after which he was again sent to the front, where he became commander of the 3rd mechanized brigade, which he headed until September 1944. So the former infantryman suddenly became a tanker. Prior to that, he had to, of course, interact with tanks, but about the structure of military vehicles he had a very distant idea. Therefore, literally immediately after the appointment, he had to stubbornly master new technology. According to his recollections, it took up to 18 hours a day to work. Immediately upon arrival at his mechanized brigade, he called to his deputy for technical affairs and asked him to work with him daily for 5 hours a day, explaining and telling about the structure of tanks and their features. These lessons were not in vain, and soon he proved it in a combat situation. Already in October 1942, the brigade under his leadership received the combat Red Banner. Major General K.F. Telegin, member of the Military Council of the Moscow Defense Zone, personally handed the banner of the unit.

Together with his brigade, Colonel Hamazasp Babajanyan took part in the Battle of Kursk, for which the brigade was represented for the Order of the Red Banner. In October 1943, she received the honorary title of the Guards, becoming the 20-th Guards Mechanized Brigade. Subsequently, the soldiers of this compound took part in the Zhytomyr-Berdichev, Korsun-Shevchenkovsk, Proskurov-Chernivtsi and Lvov-Sandomir offensive operations of the Soviet troops, in which they gained fame for themselves and their commander.

The 20-I Guards Mechanized Brigade of the Colonel Babadzhanyan Guard was particularly distinguished during the Proskurov-Chernivtsi offensive operation. The fighters of the brigade, together with other units of the 1 of the Ukrainian Front, managed to break through the German defenses and from 22 to 24 in March 1944, a number of Right-Bank Ukraine cities were freed from the enemy: Trembovl, Kopychyntsy, Chertkov and Zalishchyky. One of the first units of the front, which forced the Dniester, was the 20-I Guards Mechanized Brigade, whose fighters were able to hold the bridgehead important for the further offensive. Later, the order of the Supreme Commander V.I. Stalin to the brigade of Colonel Babadzhanyan was the assignment of the honorary name “Zalashchitskaya”, and the troops that took part in the liberation of the cities Chertkov and Zalishchyky from the fascists were thanked. In their honor, 24 March 1944, in Moscow, was saluted with 20 artillery shells from 224 guns.

Modern panorama of the city Zalishchiki

For the skillful leadership of the military operations of the entrusted mechanized brigade, personal courage in the battles and successful crossing of the Dniester by decree of the Presidium of the USSR Armed Forces 26 in April 1944 of the year of the guard, Colonel Hamazasp Babajanyan was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union with the award of the Lenin medal and the “Golden Star”.

The success of the officer was rewarded by the fact that 25 August 1944, he was appointed commander of the 11-th Guards Tank Corps. Commanding the corps, Babadzhanyan took part in the Vistula-Oder and Berlin offensive operations. And again his tank crews could distinguish themselves in battles and cover themselves with the glory of the winners. For the liberation of the cities of Tomaszow, Lodz, Kutno, Lenchits and Gostyn, the corps was presented to the Order of the Red Banner, and for the capture of the cities of Tczew, Wejherowo and Puck was awarded the Order of Suvorov II degree. The tankers of Babajanyan also distinguished themselves in the battles for Berlin, for participating in a successful assault on the capital of the Third Reich, the corps was given the honorary title “Berlin”. Not spared the awards and the corps commander. For the excellent leadership of the troops during the storming of Berlin, personal courage, dedication and heroism Babadzhanyan was presented to the second rank of Hero of the Soviet Union, but the award was replaced with the Order of Suvorov I degree.

It is worth noting that Amazasp Babajanyan was a real combat commander who did not hide behind the backs of his subordinates and actively participated in the battles. During the Great Patriotic War, he was twice seriously injured. The first time during the Battle of Kursk, the second - during the fighting on the Sandamir bridgehead. He was wounded in the throat by a broken shell shell, and his trachea was injured. Despite his injury, he refused hospitalization and continued to lead the fight. At the same time, it was hard for him to speak, and he gave commands in a whisper, and then began to write them down on paper.


After the end of World War II, Hamazasp Babajanyan continued to build his army career and improve himself. In January, 1947, he was sent to study at the Higher Military Academy named after KE Voroshilov, after completing his studies in which he received regular assignments to the active army. In particular, in 1950, he became the commander of the 2 Guards Mechanized Army. And in August 1953, he was already lieutenant-general of tank forces. In 1956, he again had to practice his combat skills in practice, he took part in suppressing anti-Soviet demonstrations in Hungary, receiving another combat award - the Order of Kutuzov, I degree.

Further important milestones of his career were: appointment to the post of commander of the Odessa Military District in June 1959; the commander of the Military Academy of Armored Forces named after Marshal of the Soviet Union R. Ya. Malinovsky in September 1967; and finally, the pinnacle of a career — the post of chief of the tank forces of the Soviet Army and a member of the Military Council of the Ground Forces in May 1969. 29 April 1975, Amazasp Khachaturovich Babajanyan became the Chief Marshal of the armored forces, for all the existence in the Soviet Union, the title of “Chief Marshal” was received by all 4 artillerymen, 7 pilots and the whole 2 tanker.

Hamazasp Khachaturovich Babadzhanyan died in Moscow at the P.V. Mandryki hospital, it happened on November 1 of the year 1977. He died on 72-th year of life. The chief marshal of the armored troops with appropriate honors was buried in Moscow at the Novodevichy cemetery.

Monument to the Chief Marshal of Armored Forces Amazasp Babajanyan in Yerevan

In honor of the famous Soviet military commander, streets in Yerevan and Odessa and a square in the North-Western administrative district of Moscow were named. His name is also a secondary school in Echmiadzin (Armenia). 23 May 2016, a monument dedicated to the Chief Marshal of the Armored Forces was solemnly opened in Yerevan. There is still a unit with which Babajanyan took Berlin. After the end of the war, the 11-th Guards Tank Corps went a long way; in June 1945, it was reorganized into the 11-th Guards Tank Division, and today it is the 11-th Guards Red Banner, Order of Suvorov, II degree, mechanized brigade, is the pride of the armed forces of the Republic of Belarus.

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  1. andrewkor
    andrewkor 1 November 2017 06: 48 New
    +1
    I also like the Armenian commander, the favorite of A.V. Suvorov P.I. Bagration!
    1. parusnik
      parusnik 1 November 2017 07: 45 New
      +5
      Bagration, generally Georgians ...
      1. without reverse
        without reverse 2 November 2017 00: 10 New
        +1
        in fact, he is a native of Kizlyar Dagestan.

        Petr Bagration, whose biography (with a photo of the monument) is in this article, was born on 11.11.1765 in the North Caucasus, in the city of Kizlyar. He came from a noble and ancient family of Georgian princes. The boy was the great-grandson of the Kartalin king Jesse Levanovich. Peter's father, Prince Ivan Alexandrovich, was a Russian colonel and owned a small plot of land in the vicinity of Kizlyar.
    2. San Sanych
      San Sanych 1 November 2017 07: 58 New
      +3
      Pyotr Ivanovich Bagration Russian commander, representative of a side branch of the tsar’s Georgian house hi
      1. Karen
        Karen 1 November 2017 08: 20 New
        0
        Quote: San Sanych
        Pyotr Ivanovich Bagration Russian commander, representative of a side branch of the tsar’s Georgian house hi

        Bagratids are all Jewish blood ...
        Glorious rulers were here until they divided the inheritance between the heirs and thereby lost everything.
        1. San Sanych
          San Sanych 1 November 2017 11: 22 New
          +2
          Quote: Karen
          Quote: San Sanych
          Pyotr Ivanovich Bagration Russian commander, representative of a side branch of the tsar’s Georgian house hi

          Bagratids are all Jewish blood ...
          Glorious rulers were here until they divided the inheritance between the heirs and thereby lost everything.

          Not a fact, this is just a tradition, the same can be said about Aram Ilyich Khachaturian. But even if so, then what? Both of these outstanding personalities have left a bright mark in the history of Russia-the USSR, and personally I don’t care who they are by nationality
          1. Seal
            Seal 1 November 2017 13: 35 New
            +1
            Not a fact, it's just a tradition

            Everything in history is a tradition. Most likely he (Karen) means that the Bagratids are Solomonids. That is, they were descended from Solomon.
            1. San Sanych
              San Sanych 1 November 2017 13: 48 New
              +2
              in this case, the great protoucras dug up the Black Sea bully although who knows? laughing but be that as it may, Bagration is known to us primarily as a talented Russian commander, of Georgian origin
              1. Karen
                Karen 1 November 2017 23: 39 New
                +1
                Quote: San Sanych
                : but be that as it may, Bagration is known to us primarily as a talented Russian commander, of Georgian origin

                Of course, nationality in such cases does not go to the main plan. As Stalin himself told Georgian cultural figures: "I am a man of Russian culture."
                And according to the Muslim religion, it was not important according to Bagration ...
                But a thousand years before this, a person’s religion also signified his nationality. The most striking case in history in our area is about the Zakhari brothers ... Many write that they are of Kurdish origin ... But already by their nationality, it is accepted that they are a senior Armenian and a younger Georgian. Somehow, the elder, after defeating the Muslim army, gathered their prominent representatives, drove him to the mosque and burned him alive, turning to heaven: "Sleep well, our ancestors - we have avenged you." (several centuries before, the Arabs invited our princely families to their feast and treacherously burned them in the church)
  2. Olgovich
    Olgovich 1 November 2017 07: 15 New
    +9
    Amazasp Khachaturovich Babadzhanyan was born on February 5 (February 18 in a new style) in 1906 in Chardakhly village
    Amazing village!
    Not only Amazasp Babajanyan is his native (a worthy man!), But also Marshal Ivan Baghramyan and twelve more generals, seven natives became Heroes of the Soviet Union.

    Today there is no Armenian village - the population is expelled in 1987 year after his mass beating.
    1. garnik
      garnik 1 November 2017 10: 38 New
      +6
      In general, the Karabakh Armenians (and they are all Karabakh) are more militant
      from Armenians. The only part of the Armenian people that has not lost its connection with their ancestors for millennia. Almost all officers of Armenian origin of the Russian Empire were from Ar.tsakh (Karabakh), and even during the Union.
      Thank you for the article. Nice to read.
    2. Seal
      Seal 1 November 2017 13: 48 New
      +1
      Let’s not mix a really worthy warrior Babajanyan with Baghramyan, who killed hundreds of thousands of soldiers and whom Stalin rightly intended to shoot. Baghramyan (and Eremenko, who promised Stalin to beat the "scoundrel of Guderian", but did not fulfill his promise) were the only front commanders to whom Stalin did not give the rank of marshal. Both Baghramyan and Eremenko got their Marshal stars after the death of Stalin, from the hands of Khrushchov.
      The fact that in our army there was such a “small-town shardakhlyshsky clanism” was a minus, not a plus. For how many worthy ones did not take their rightful place only because the captains crossing them, who later became majors, then colonels, then generals .. had only the advantage that they were from Chardakhly. And their more worthy, but unfortunate rivals in career advancement were just Leningraders, Muscovites, Sevastopol, Saratov, Kazan and so on.
      1. Karen
        Karen 1 November 2017 14: 16 New
        0
        Sergei Petrovich, about the fact that Stalin planned to assign Marshal and Bagramyan, well informs Alikhanov in his memoirs ... there is also a version of why he canceled it.
        ... Somehow, about 20 years ago, a book was published in the Republic of Belarus where Baghramyan’s commander’s talent was noted, with the addition of his speculations ... We simply gave estimates of the main commanders of the Great Victory about Baghramyan - that’s enough.
        1. Seal
          Seal 1 November 2017 14: 27 New
          0
          Quote: Karen
          Stalin planned to assign Marshal and Bagramyan, well informs Alikhanov in his memoirs.

          Alikhanyan is a famous dreamer. He writes a lot about Stalin’s “plans”, about what Stalin “thought”. As if he, Alikhanyan, was sitting in Stalin’s head.

          We simply brought the statements of the main commanders of the Great Victory about Baghramyan - this is enough.

          1. Nobody has yet canceled corporate solidarity. And since Baghramyan speaks well of all in his memoirs, it is not surprising that his colleagues also spoke positively of Baghramyan.
          2. It should be borne in mind that the bulk of the statements of the main commanders of the Great Victory about Baghramyan was made between 1958 and 1968. That is, when Baghramyan was Deputy Minister of Defense of the USSR - Head of Logistics of the USSR Ministry of Defense (later Deputy Minister of Defense of the USSR - Chief of Logistics of the Armed Forces of the USSR) And the head of the rear of the Armed Forces of the USSR is sometimes even more than the Minister of Defense himself. Who, in their right mind, will speak badly of the head of the rear of the Armed Forces of the USSR? And who then will send a soldier to work in marshal's dachas?
          1. Karen
            Karen 1 November 2017 14: 47 New
            +1
            So Alikhanov writes that it was Stalin who addressed him with a congratulation that the Armenians will also have a marshal, as the Georgians have.
            1. Seal
              Seal 29 November 2017 19: 20 New
              +1
              Quote: Karen
              So Alikhanov writes that Stalin turned to him

              - Doctor, and my neighbor from the 10th floor says that he can 10 times a week, and he is 80 years old.
              ..... well, so do you ..... say.
      2. garnik
        garnik 1 November 2017 15: 14 New
        +3
        Thanks at least one worthy warrior and even if you want you can find the negative and shit. The Kharkov operation was standard, and the one who was better armed was the winner. During the inevitable encirclement, Baghramyan demanded a withdrawal from the bag, but Stalin, Khrushchev and members of the Military Council insisted that the operation continue. “Women still give birth.” - His words, although who knows, there are only experts around. Baghramyan received the Hero of the Soviet Union under Stalin
        Damn did not know that the awarding of titles during the Second World War was in the competence of the Armenians, and this was with the Georgian. Chardakhly sounds proudly, where to the others behind them, Leningraders, Muscovites, etc. . laughing
        From the second paragraph it was funny. Fake "Avenger".
        1. Walking
          Walking 2 November 2017 15: 26 New
          0
          Quote: garnik
          If we consider who put the fighters more, then the championship will be for Zhukov. “Women still give birth.” - his words, although who knows, there are only experts around
          .


          It is not necessary for liberals to repeat everything that they say denigrating our victory in the war.
          1. garnik
            garnik 2 November 2017 15: 58 New
            0
            With two hands, for your offer.
      3. genisis
        genisis 29 November 2017 22: 55 New
        0
        whom Stalin rightly intended to shoot

        And what prevented Stalin from rightly shooting Baghramyan? Your next profanity.
        Let's not mix really worthy warrior Babajanyan with Baghramyan

        The fact that in our army there was such a "shtetl Chardakhlysh clan" is minus

        You already decide whether to wear underpants or remove the cross)))))
        Babajanyan worthy warrior or
        via
        Shardakhlysh clan
        he crossed a worthy road with only the advantage that he was from Chardakhly.

        And in general, did Babajanyan exactly what he was awarded for? Or maybe Zinaida Stepanova again? ))))
  3. XII Legion
    XII Legion 1 November 2017 07: 24 New
    18
    Legendary person
    I once read his "Victory Roads"
    Super
  4. parusnik
    parusnik 1 November 2017 07: 47 New
    +3
    The good book "Such a service is to win" by Sadovsky Y. G .... I read in one breath ...
  5. Karen
    Karen 1 November 2017 08: 13 New
    +1
    They say that if we had listened to Babajanyan’s proposals during the assault on Berlin, then the horsepower losses it would be less ... by 50 thousand fighters.
    Even in the years of the Union, one warrior told me that Brezhnev was strongly dissatisfied with Babadzhanyan, when he asked one of the advertised articles about his opinion on the words: "... this option will go over the tractor during the war."
  6. Luga
    Luga 1 November 2017 11: 37 New
    0
    In the memoirs of N.K. Popel, the image of Babajanyan was written out well - so vividly and colorful. But the memoirs of Babajanyan himself (Armo, as he was called in the 1-th tank army) seemed boring and bland to me.
    1. verner1967
      verner1967 1 November 2017 13: 41 New
      +3
      Quote: Luga
      the memoirs of Babajanyan himself (Armo, as he was called in the 1st Panzer Army) seemed boring and bland to me.
      it's like someone, I read it with pleasure. In general, do not evaluate memoirs as works of art. In memoirs, the main thing is reliability, otherwise such a speaker will paint his life in paints, but in fact two-thirds of the book is nonsense
      1. Karen
        Karen 1 November 2017 14: 34 New
        0
        Quote: verner1967
        Quote: Luga
        the memoirs of Babajanyan himself (Armo, as he was called in the 1st Panzer Army) seemed boring and bland to me.
        it's like someone, I read it with pleasure. In general, do not evaluate memoirs as works of art. In memoirs, the main thing is reliability, otherwise such a speaker will paint his life in paints, but in fact two-thirds of the book is nonsense

        Well, while reading such assessments to some memoirs, it’s not a sin to laugh out loud, even if the neighbors are against ... Because, as I remembered the distant — having decided to read Talleyrand’s memoirs, I was mistaken :), having read the introduction from E. Tarle — it immediately became clear that the nonsense You can not read. :)
      2. Luga
        Luga 1 November 2017 14: 39 New
        +1
        Quote: verner1967
        In memoirs, the main thing is reliability,

        Perhaps that is so. Different are memoirs of different people and are written for different purposes. Some actress or poetess writes about who she was sleeping with, and in what position, someone about lost victories, someone about what kind of fish he caught in a shaggy year ... And in all these cases, no one has documented authenticity pursued, because memoirs pursue only two goals - to brag and (or) to justify themselves.
        I just noted that at Popel Babajanyan looks alive, human, or something. According to Popel's stories, Babajanyan is easy to imagine as a living, whole person. At the same time, the memoirs of Babajanyan himself are too similar to the memoirs of many of our other commanders - apparently, they were not written by the authors, but by the editors (or even one editor, if we evaluate the similarity of styles) based on the author’s notes, and this is in the best case.
        1. verner1967
          verner1967 3 November 2017 19: 38 New
          0
          Quote: Luga
          Different are memoirs, different people and are written with different goals.

          I agree with you on this, I especially liked
          Quote: Luga
          memoirs pursue only two goals - to brag and (or) to justify themselves.
          therefore, in general, as a rule, memoirs are nurseries of myths.
          But you can read them in different ways, someone is looking for someone’s mistakes, someone knows history, and someone just spends time ..
  7. Train
    Train 1 November 2017 19: 40 New
    0
    I read his memoirs in childhood, in the middle of the book were inserted photos with tanks of both ours and German, she was lying, I remember it was written under the photo T-34, frontal armor 60 mm ... Although the book itself is not bad ..
    1. verner1967
      verner1967 3 November 2017 19: 45 New
      0
      Quote: Zug
      in the middle of the book were inserted photos with tanks both ours and German

      Yes, the pictures were notable for those times, then I first learned about the tank monster “Mouse” and saw his photo. The book was called “Roads of Victory,” in my opinion.
      1. Train
        Train 3 November 2017 20: 07 New
        0
        To the root! -Exactly! -Y grandfather on the shelf was-copied tanks!