Military Review

Complex "Krona" earned in full

18
The Krona modernized radio-optical complex for recognition of space objects (ROKR KO), which controls near space, has been working with its full complement since 2017, Interfax message of the press service of the concern "RTI".




Since 2017, the complex has been fully operational. On the day of the ROCR, on incoming missions, it detects, explores, conducts dozens of spacecraft. In real time, information is transmitted to the higher command post of the Russian Federation Air Force;
says release.

It is reported that “in the decimeter and centimeter ranges, the non-coordinate information — the parameters of the rotation of the spacecraft, its types of stabilization, dimensions — is determined, and the shape of the spacecraft is determined with a high probability in a given altitude range.”

That is, the Krona controls the entire range of near space,
stated in the concern.

They noted that “to the“ Krona ”, for detailed processing, the most“ interesting ”from a military point of view are the objects detected by nine Voronezh type radars, developed in recent years at the enterprises of the RTI group, which together discover and accompany more than a hundred thousand space objects per day, including nanosatellites. ”

“To detect an object in near space and determine its trajectory is still half the battle. It is necessary to determine its dimensions, characteristics, stabilization parameters, and much more, which is what the Russian Krona is doing, ”the press service explained.

The first phase of Krona was put on duty in 2000, the complex took 15 years to build, during which time the characteristics of the complex changed significantly.

The radar facilities are located on the site a few kilometers from the top of Mount Chapal in the area of ​​the village of Zelenchukskaya in the Karachay-Cherkess Republic.

"As part of the radar decimeter channel" A "with a receiving and transmitting phased antenna array of size 20x20 meters with electron beam scanning and a centimeter interferometric channel" N "with a receiving and transmitting system of several rotating antennas. A powerful radar detects objects by target designation and recognizes all space objects above the Earth at an altitude of several thousand kilometers, ”the message says.

According to the press service, “Krona” is able to provide the most important information during the period of spacecraft descent from orbit: the parameters of deceleration of a satellite or any space body, including space debris, in the atmosphere are determined with great accuracy and the coordinates of the fall site are given Earth. "

During the spacecraft launches, the complex simultaneously with the standard telemetry systems provides information on the separation of the steps, fairing, separation from the launch vehicle of the spacecraft.

In addition, the “Krona” determined the places where objects weighing tens of tons fell after unsuccessful launches of research spacecraft, which allowed, if necessary, to prevent possible risks in time.
Photos used:
https://ru.wikipedia.org
18 comments
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  1. 210ox
    210ox 26 October 2017 08: 16
    +3
    And this is good. It will complement the "Window" in Tajikistan.
    1. Separ DNR
      Separ DNR 26 October 2017 08: 25
      +3
      Quote: 210ox
      And this is good. It will complement the "Window" in Tajikistan.

      Funny ... Krona reminds me of the call sign of one position ... But okay, I won’t talk about it.

      Let everything be fine with yours and our Krona. Good luck to all of us!
      1. reservist
        reservist 26 October 2017 08: 47
        +2
        Will complement the "Window" in Tajikistan

        The Americans have three such objects, but they are inferior to the Russian “Window” in efficiency because they require a large amount of power consumption - their observation of space objects is carried out with laser illumination.
    2. Nurtai
      Nurtai 26 October 2017 08: 27
      0
      Supplement or replace? Like the Russian Federation was going to close
      1. 210ox
        210ox 26 October 2017 08: 42
        +4
        This is where they told you? No one is going to refuse that object. Moreover, their purpose is somewhat different. "Window" is "long-range"
        Quote: Nurtai
        Supplement or replace? Like the Russian Federation was going to close
    3. NEXUS
      NEXUS 26 October 2017 12: 19
      +2
      Quote: 210ox
      That is, the Krona controls the entire range of near space,


      All this is done under the adoption of the A-235 Nudol and S-500 Prometheus, which are ground for work in the near space.
  2. Mountain shooter
    Mountain shooter 26 October 2017 08: 26
    +4
    Well yes, of course. We are a country - a gas station. But LOVELY! laughing
    1. AVGUST
      AVGUST 26 October 2017 08: 40
      +4
      Yeah - a gas station, but with a state border around the perimeter, towers, at key posts, "snarling" at the attempts of vandals, "stealing" a couple of cans or fuel trucks out of sight ... terribly inconvenient, so the mongrels have to run around the perimeter and bark through the netting netting, sparkling eyes in the dark .....
    2. Separ DNR
      Separ DNR 26 October 2017 08: 49
      +6
      Quote: Mountain Shooter
      Well yes, of course. We are a country - a gas station. But LOVELY! laughing

  3. GIN
    GIN 26 October 2017 08: 40
    +2
    Gentlemen, I have never met the mention of another complex where my friend served as the operator of a telescope, though he takes only the orbits of the polar satellites, so our army is not alive by the crown
    1. thinker
      thinker 26 October 2017 11: 50
      +2
      Another one is the optic-electronic complex "Sight" in the Altai Territory
      https://aftershock.news/?q=node/424132&full
  4. Old26
    Old26 26 October 2017 09: 32
    +1
    Quote: GIN
    Gentlemen, I have never met the mention of another complex where my friend served as the operator of a telescope, though he takes only the orbits of the polar satellites, so our army is not alive by the crown

    Do you probably mean the Krona-S complex in the Far East?
  5. san4es
    san4es 26 October 2017 10: 46
    +2
    Military Space Complex of the USSR "Krona" soldier
  6. akribos
    akribos 26 October 2017 11: 27
    +1
    A very beautiful place. The picturesque road from Kislovodsk to Ushuger (the shortest road to the foot of Elbus), passes not only through the gorges, but also along the tops of small mountains. The road was updated in the year 14, so it is very nice to ride on it. In the middle of the route, on the right, on the mountain plateau stands Krona, you should not miss it, looking at the beauty of the landscape, because after a hundred meters it is closed by a mountain standing on the road. In general, traveling along this road, at the end you will find healing baths, clean mountain air, a magnificent view of the Caucasus Range, the beautiful Elbrus, and you can also look at Krona (there is a hotel at the station by the way). The main thing from the beginning of the route, to the end point, is only 50 km on good asphalt. The only thing is that the cooling system on the machine should work flawlessly and there would be no overload! Come relax.)
    1. ando_bor
      ando_bor 26 October 2017 12: 48
      0
      It’s not there, from the Watchtower you need to go to the mountains on a concrete road, there are 34 more mountain brigades there.
      1. akribos
        akribos 26 October 2017 14: 53
        0
        About the brigade, I don’t know. From Kislovodsk, through the village of Industrialny to the Valley of Narzans, and all the time right, along an asphalt road, you rest at the foot of Elbrus, Ushuger.
  7. Sergey53
    Sergey53 26 October 2017 14: 55
    0
    Well done. Restored. yes
  8. APASUS
    APASUS 26 October 2017 20: 41
    0
    One of my business trips during the years of service. Wow there is wind in the winter on Chapal