Military Review

What did NASA do in half a year?

24
The US Aeronautics and Space Administration has released a video report on the work done in the first half of the year 2017. The agency shared information on completed and planned missions for the near future.


January

What did NASA do in half a year?


At the beginning of the year, two asteroid research missions were announced. After the cancellation of plans for catching and visiting an asteroid by a man, NASA is not going to abandon studies of such celestial bodies.

The Lucy automatic interplanetary station in 2021 will visit Trojans in Jupiter’s orbit. This group of asteroids was named so in accordance with the astronomical tradition. Groups of asteroids moving around the Sun near the Lagrange point L4 are called by the names of Greek heroes, and L5 are called the defenders of Troy. Lucy is likely to visit asteroids Patroclus, Priam, Aeneas, Ascanius, Anchises, Troilus and others.



The second station, Psyche (Psyche), will fly to the Asteroid Belt in 2023 to explore a large metal object.

Both missions will give scientists a wealth of data on the structure of celestial bodies and will allow you to look into the past, at a time when the solar system was just being formed.

February



This month there was an incident. NASA convened an emergency press conference, which caused a serious wave in the media. Everyone started talking about the discovery of alien life in distant corners of the universe, but the sensation did not happen. Spitzer telescope found only regular exoplanets in the TRAPPIST-1 system in the constellation Aquarius. The system consists of 7 planets, 3 of which are located in the so-called habitability zone, not too far and not too close to the star. This makes the surface temperature comfortable. Theoretically, there may be liquid water, which is the main element for the emergence of life. True, in the near future to check this discovery will not work. TRAPPIST-1 is located at a distance of 39,5 light years from the Sun, or 378 trillion. km This is the first case of the discovery of several potentially inhabited worlds in one system.



Also this month, the first private launch was performed from the cosmodrome named after Kennedy. The SPACEX Falcon 9 rocket successfully delivered cargo to the ISS. The launch took place from the site 39А. This is the first use of this launch pad from the 2011 year, after the last launch of the Space Shuttle program.

March

US President Donald Trump signed a decree on NASA’s budget for 2017. Congress also approved this document. For this year, the agency avoided serious cuts in funding, which gives hope for a stable and planned implementation of all projects.

April



American biochemist and astronaut Peggy Whitson set a record for the duration of their stay in orbit among American astronauts. The total time in space for the first woman to the commander of the ISS was 535 days. She also holds the record for the total stay in outer space for a female astronaut. It is 60 hours and 19 minutes.



Cassini discovered water on Saturn’s satellite Enceladus. In addition, the AMC managed to fly for the first time between Saturn and its rings and transmitted the first pictures. This is the first of the 22 maneuvers before the heroic death for the benefit of science. 15 September, the unit will enter the atmosphere of the planet. Before burning in dense layers, he will have time to transfer valuable data to Earth.



At the same time, the Hubble telescope filmed geysers on the satellite of Jupiter Europe. The release occurred in the same place as in 2014. This was another confirmation of the theory of liquid water under the ice crust.

May



AMC Juno (Juno) made an interesting discovery. At the poles of Jupiter discovered giant cyclones the size of our planet. It also turned out that magnetic fields are much stronger than previously thought and affect the deeper layers of the atmosphere.

Astronauts Peggy Whitson and Jack Fisher performed the jubilee X-NUMX for the ISS. It lasted 200 hours 4 minutes.



The James Webb telescope arrived at the Johnson Space Center for final checks before launching in 2018. The largest orbital telescope will have a cycle of cryogenic tests. In chamber A, where the Apollo boarding module was previously tested, scientists will test the effect of ultra low temperatures on the onboard systems and mechanisms.



The Solar Probe + or Solar Probe Plus probe was renamed the Parker Solar Probe in honor of Eugene Parker, a physicist from the University of Chicago, who discovered the solar wind. The launch is scheduled for 2018. The device is being developed from 2008 by the Laboratory of Applied Physics at Johns Hopkins University in Maryland. The probe will approach the star at a distance of 8,5 of the solar radius (≈ 1⁄9 of the radius of the orbit of Mercury), or 5,9 of a million kilometers.

June



US Vice President Mike Pence at Johnson Space Center presented a new team of 12 astronauts. Five women and seven men were selected from 18 thousands of candidates. This is the biggest addition to the 2000 of the year. The new set will take 2-3-year preparation before future research missions, including flights on private spacecraft, the Orion program and others.
Author:
Photos used:
nasa.gov
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  1. Mystery12345
    Mystery12345 13 July 2017 05: 49
    +17
    What did NASA do in half a year?
    What did Roscosmos do? make a comparative table for clarity.
    1. Andrey Yuryevich
      Andrey Yuryevich 13 July 2017 06: 05
      +7
      Quote: Mystery12345
      What did NASA do in half a year?
      What did Roscosmos do? make a comparative table for clarity.

      Yes, it would be interesting.
    2. Tsoy
      13 July 2017 06: 18
      +4
      Quote: Mystery12345
      What did Roscosmos do? make a comparative table for clarity.


      Unfortunately, there is no such data. But in the next article I will write about the Lunar program of Roscosmos.
      1. Titsen
        Titsen 13 July 2017 06: 58
        +15
        Quote: Choi
        Unfortunately, there is no such data.


        It means nothing!

        Although no, wait - Rogozin and his son often came to the news pages!
      2. Monster_Fat
        Monster_Fat 13 July 2017 07: 24
        +18
        about the Lunar program of Roscosmos

        "Program" - yeah .... winked And then about the "Martian program" and about the "program of deep space exploration", "the program of flight to the stars" and other "programs" ... laughing lol Yes, it’s sad to see how the first space power, thanks to the "effective managers", has slipped to the level of a "software power" .... crying
        1. Tsoy
          13 July 2017 07: 37
          +3
          Quote: Monster_Fat
          "Program" - yeah .... And then about the "Martian program" and about "the program of deep space exploration", "the program of flight to the stars" and other "programs" ... Yes, it is sad to watch as the first space power, thanks to " effective managers, "slipped to the level of" program power "....


          Problems deny pointless, but I want to believe ...
          1. Bratkov Oleg
            Bratkov Oleg 13 July 2017 19: 22
            +4
            But the corpse pieces were safely transported from Moscow to St. Petersburg.
            Glory to Russia! Glory to Russian science!
            Amen.
      3. And Us Rat
        And Us Rat 13 July 2017 08: 34
        +6
        The article is super. We look forward to it! fellow Space is always good.
      4. Bastinda
        Bastinda 13 July 2017 09: 53
        +2
        Perhaps it is worth it, post more, and on the site karopka.ru? This is just a site for modelers.
        The attack is not addressed to you, but towards Roscosmos.
        Once we were the first ....
      5. cormorant
        cormorant 13 July 2017 12: 35
        +2
        Only everything in the future tense ...
    3. donavi49
      donavi49 13 July 2017 08: 09
      +16
      From real?
      February - progress with Tushnyak and a spacesuit on the ISS.
      April - Union with Fisher and Yurchikhin.
      June - another Ehostar for bucks in orbit
      June - another Progress with uncooked smoked sausage and apples. Plus some more space debris from microsatellites.

      Roscosmos does not carry out missions in deep space. And in the real future (at 2 of the year) - they are not there either.
      1. Gray brother
        Gray brother 13 July 2017 10: 09
        0
        Quote: donavi49
        Roscosmos does not carry out missions in deep space. And in the real future (at 2 of the year) - they are not there either.

        There is something in the space program (if you read it), but mostly - the development of near-Earth and near-moon space.
        Exomars has already flown, for example - the truth is not entirely successful.
        Urgent issues do not allow focus on high matters)))
        Roscosmos can not afford to run the loot to Jupiter, it is more rationally spent on the piece that you can bite off.
        https://www.roscosmos.ru/22347/
        1. Bratkov Oleg
          Bratkov Oleg 13 July 2017 19: 24
          +1
          An icon in a temple hangs, 400 times around the Earth flew around ... and Roscosmos for this is not a dime breakage.
          1. Gray brother
            Gray brother 13 July 2017 19: 26
            +2
            Quote: Bratkov Oleg
            An icon in a temple hangs, 400 times around the Earth flew around ... and Roscosmos for this is not a dime breakage.

            Heptyl myrrh-streaming? laughing
  2. Banishing liberoids
    Banishing liberoids 13 July 2017 06: 29
    +2
    The author + for the effort! hi
  3. urapatriot
    urapatriot 13 July 2017 11: 00
    +7
    Our Roskosmos also does not stand still. So, of course, achievements include the decision to abandon the Angara project and postpone the launch of the Federation ship to 2022. May 27, 2017, 12:33 pm [“Arguments of the Week”]
    And of course, the management of the Roscosmos state corporation rightly considers the return of the former glory to the Russian cosmonautics to the priority tasks. So on April 6, in the Chaika restaurant and yacht, state corporations awarded the prize in the field of media advertising for projects and achievements of advertisers in print media - Gold Print Awards - 2017. The project “Raise your head” in the nomination “Best cross-media project” was awarded. The award in the form of a gold bar was received by the first deputy general director of the state corporation Alexander Ivanov.
    http://nvo.ng.ru/realty/2017-04-14/2_944_red.html
    Advertising is our everything! Why to be? It’s enough to seem!))
    So do not stand still, we are developing ...
  4. corporal
    corporal 13 July 2017 11: 17
    +3
    Respect to the author for the article. good
    It was already enviable how everything is moving among the Yankees.
    Quote: Mystery12345
    What did Roscosmos do? make a comparative table for clarity.

    It’s also interesting, but after comparison crying ...
  5. 0255
    0255 13 July 2017 12: 31
    +1
    It’s a pity that Roskosmos cannot boast of anything like this. sad
  6. Winnie the Pooh
    Winnie the Pooh 13 July 2017 15: 51
    +1
    And what experiments are carried out at the ISS station? I'm interested. What Roscosmos, and what NASA with Europe.
    1. Tsoy
      13 July 2017 16: 34
      +2
      Quote: vinipuh
      And what experiments are carried out at the ISS station? I'm interested. What Roscosmos, and what NASA with Europe.


      Roscosmos mainly conducts experiments related to physics. Medicine, biology and stuff like that in Japanese Kibo. NASA is mainly with hardware and electronics played. Like microsatellites, 3d printing, remote space communications protocols and so on. CEN a bit of everything. This is if in brief.

      More details here:

      Roscosmos - https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russian_List
      of academic studies


      NASA - https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/resear
      ch / experiments / experiments_by_name.html
      1. Winnie the Pooh
        Winnie the Pooh 13 July 2017 20: 49
        +1
        Thank you interesting.
  7. Catherine II
    Catherine II 13 July 2017 18: 17
    +1
    human progress. Thanks to the author.
  8. Cannonball
    Cannonball 15 July 2017 09: 00
    0
    And in "Roskosmos" during this time:

    January

    Russia has begun to create new Express communication satellites
    http://novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/news/33083/

    At the ISS will conduct an experiment "Terminator" to study the atmosphere
    http://novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/news/33085/

    Russian Ministry of Defense creates space system "Liana"
    http://novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/news/33086/

    In the CPC can create a single training ground for space training
    http://novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/news/33091/

    Russia proposes to create spacecraft with a nuclear power plant
    http://novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/news/33101/

    "The tentacle of a robot-octopus" to help astronauts will be tested in space
    http://novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/news/33105/

    Sadovnichy spoke about the creation of the space research faculty of Moscow State University
    http://novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/news/33112/

    Media: Russia and the US finish negotiations on a flight to Venus
    http://novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/news/33130/

    Europe intends to cooperate with Russia in three moon exploration projects
    http://novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/news/33139/

    "Angara" with a new engine will increase load capacity by 1500 kg
    http://novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/news/33159/

    NASA may buy five more places on the "Union"
    http://novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/news/33169/

    The future Russian moon rover will be able to "see" the moon in 3D
    http://novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/news/33174/

    Russian scientists suggest creating a solar power station in orbit
    http://novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/news/33176/

    In Russia, macaques are preparing to fly to Mars
    http://novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/news/33170/

    A reusable rocket is being designed in Russia
    http://novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/news/33181/

    RSC Energia will build a transformable module with a centrifuge for the ISS
    http://novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/news/33183/

    NPO Energomash: successful test of the RD-181 engine
    http://novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/news/33186/

    Russian experts once again propose to hang in space a "mirror" for lighting the Earth at night
    http://novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/news/33192/

    RSC Energia plans to deliver crews and cargo to the ISS in three hours
    http://novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/news/33193/

    Experts propose creating a space debris cleaner
    http://novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/news/33204/

    Experts propose creating a space in space with a gas station for lunar ships
    http://novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/news/33205/

    ISS Russian segment planned to be completed by 2019
    http://novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/news/33214/

    Roscosmos discusses the creation of an international lunar orbital station
    http://novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/news/33217/

    On the basis of the "Union" it is planned to create a new cargo ship
    http://novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/news/33218/

    Outline design of a new space truck completed
    http://novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/news/33222/

    Soyuz-STB LV successfully launched from Kuru
    http://novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/news/33255/

    RSC Energia offers two projects of a superheavy rocket for flights to the moon
    http://novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/news/33256/
  9. Technician
    Technician 16 July 2017 11: 42
    +3
    Photos of Jupiterian cyclones - great! I’m just doing a whirlwind installation, but here everything is visible - less doubt, less cost.
    And despite the efforts of the army, "Mikhanov" VO contains information ... if filtered.