Military Review

Microwave radar "Voronezh-VP" change the radar field of the Russian Federation

23
According to the online newspaper "News", Based on the existing network of missile attack warning stations"Voronezh»A group of unique radars of a new generation is being created - the Voronezh-VP radar operating in the centimeter range. Modernization is carried out by installing an additional antenna and a number of new equipment modules.


The upgraded radar will provide observation of all promising means of aerospace attack. The introduction of more wavelengths allows you to make the station more versatile. From the point of view of information capabilities, these are more informative signals and algorithms for their processing, which allow optimizing work and improving the accuracy of target detection.

- explained the deputy chief designer of RTI-Systems (radar manufacturer) Dmitry Stupin.

At the moment, the radar type "Voronezh" placed around the perimeter of the country. They carry out monitoring in two ranges: decimeter (UHF, modification 77Y6-DM Voronezh-DM) and meter (VHF, option 77Y6 Voronezh-M). Allegedly, they have already been supplemented by the first multifunctional radar SHF-type "Voronezh-VP" in Usolye-Sibirskiy near Irkutsk, carrying out a review of China and North Korea. Several more facilities in the Orenburg, Pskov regions, near Vorkuta and Murmansk are in different degrees of combat readiness, waiting for commissioning no later than 2020 of the year.

Microwave radar "Voronezh-VP" change the radar field of the Russian Federation

Voronezh-M



"Voronezh-DM"


Cruise missiles are the most difficult targets for air defense. For reliable protection against them, a large number of radar stations are required to cover all dangerous directions. But to deploy such a group is very expensive and not always possible due to geographical features. The Voronezh-VP grouping allows overcoming all these difficulties and creating an effective system of protection against cruise missiles. And in the future, a complex integrated aerospace defense system will appear at its base. It can detect and intercept targets in real time, flying at a height of several tens of meters to hundreds of kilometers at a distance of thousands of kilometers.

- said Professor Vadim Kozyulin of the Academy of Military Sciences.

From the VO side, we note that previously, with regard to the Voronezh-VP radar, various contradictory information was voiced. As stated in a number of sources, they operate in the meter or millimeter (which is extremely unlikely at the present time) range; there were ambiguities with the places of their construction. At the same time, as indicated, the Voronezh-SM radar had to be responsible for the centimeter range. It was announced about the serial construction of the latter with the plan to enter them to 2018 year. Based on the latest Izvestia material, it can be assumed that monitoring in the centimeter range is indeed carried out by Voronezh-SM, while Voronezh-VP is a common radar complex, including Voronezh-SM , and "Voronezh-DM" and "Voronezh-M".
Photos used:
https://topwar.ru/10085-radiolokacionnye-stancii-dalnego-obnaruzheniya-sprn-voronezh.html
23 comments
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  1. NEXUS
    NEXUS 20 June 2017 04: 07 New
    +5
    The business is necessary. Threats only multiply and we must be prepared to detect and prisect them in time. But missile defense systems such as S-500 Prometheus and Nudol A-235 would be good for such radar systems.
    1. Bongo
      Bongo 20 June 2017 05: 19 New
      +8
      Andrey, welcome! In this case, we are talking about over-the-horizon radar SPRN. Their main task is to detect with launching ICBMs and approaching warheads in space. I do not know how suitable they are for targeting missile defense systems, but against low-altitude cruise missiles, these radars are absolutely useless. In this case, the readers "hang noodles." However, not unknown Alyosha quite seriously assured that the radar systems of the Voronezh family’s SPRN are capable of controlling aviation flights over the territory of the United States, and therefore the standby mode locators in the Russian air defense are not needed. lol
      1. NEXUS
        NEXUS 20 June 2017 05: 59 New
        +4
        Quote: Bongo
        Andrey, welcome! In this case, we are talking about over-the-horizon radar SPRN. Their main task is to detect with launching ICBMs and approaching warheads in space. I do not know how suitable they are for targeting missile defense systems, but against low-altitude cruise missiles, these radars are absolutely useless. In this case, the readers "hang noodles." However, not unknown Alyosha quite seriously assured that the radar systems of the Voronezh family’s SPRN are capable of controlling aviation flights over the territory of the United States, and therefore the standby mode locators in the Russian air defense are not needed. lol

        Greetings, Serge! hi
        I see that a lot of noodles on VO began to be published. Yesterday, for example, I was greatly amused by the statement of our bureaucrats, apparently here it is necessary to take into account the stupidity of the magazine that Russia will be able to produce 4! TU-160M2 per year, after launching the series. At the same time, not a word that in the best of times, the Union produced so many Swans, despite the fact that there was a base and specialists and developments and financing, as well as the purchase of municipal defense. Our bureaucrats are modestly silent about how much one TU-160M2 will cost us, talking about Wishlist. And as they say, "people hawala."
        1. Banishing liberoids
          Banishing liberoids 20 June 2017 06: 08 New
          +2
          NEXUS hi -You were informed incorrectly lol 4 Tu160 cars will be produced per week! lol !
        2. Titsen
          Titsen 20 June 2017 06: 38 New
          +2
          Quote: NEXUS
          that a lot of noodles on VO began to be published.


          Elections, elections, cadidates pee pee pee!

          What do you want?

          Fighting for the minds of voters!
        3. Eugene-Eugene
          20 June 2017 06: 40 New
          +1
          It was about all deliveries to the DA Air Force, and not exclusively on Swans, which was expressly stated. The rest is solely your interpretation.
          1. NEXUS
            NEXUS 20 June 2017 06: 47 New
            +3
            Quote: Eugene-Eugene
            It was about all deliveries to the DA Air Force, and not exclusively on Swans, which was expressly stated. The rest is solely your interpretation.

            Dear, what’s your opinion?
            It is planned that the reproduced first plane will fly in March next year. We hope that our long-range aviation in the future will receive three or four aircraft per year.

            In the article, black in Russian was written at the very beginning of her these words. Where in this phrase did you see the wording about all deliveries to the Air Force DA, and which ones except for the TU-160M2?
            And about the interpretation, you strongly pushed it ... apparently the understanding of the above phrase you have is different. Or, for long-range aviation, what else are we going to launch in the series in the near future, except for the TU-160M2?
        4. sharp-lad
          sharp-lad 20 June 2017 15: 16 New
          +2
          hi C'mon TU 160 M2, I’ve been waiting for the first decade for a Russian personal computer based on the Elbrus processor !!! But I have not lost hope yet! I keep waiting. sad
  2. smart ass
    smart ass 20 June 2017 06: 13 New
    +2
    Explain to me it is not clear how Voronezh will detect cruise missiles flying 10 meters above the ground if there is a natural withering of the earth's surface?
    1. aszzz888
      aszzz888 20 June 2017 06: 32 New
      +2
      Nerd Today, 06:13 New
      Explain to me it is not clear how Voronezh will detect cruise missiles flying 10 meters above the ground if there is a natural withering of the earth's surface?

      ... not strong in rocket technology, but from school, in physics, I remember that radio signals and their frequency definitions go in a zigzag pattern, reflected from the ground and up ... and from what range is decimeter, VHF, HF, etc. due to the different frequency of these zigzags ... and receivers like Voronezh receive them ... something like that, physicists will correct me, if that ...
      1. Shahno
        Shahno 20 June 2017 06: 39 New
        +2
        In the meter range. targeting problem. And in cm and dm, terrain folds interfere due to the high frequency. So it's just a duck.
        1. DEPARTMENT
          DEPARTMENT 20 June 2017 06: 55 New
          +6
          Quote: Shahno
          In the meter range. targeting problem. And in cm and dm, terrain folds interfere due to the high frequency. So it's just a duck.

          Well, where are we going to Israel, there all the technologies are concentrated .. And we cabbage soup with our bast shoes and we play balalaikas with bears .. wassat
        2. hrych
          hrych 20 June 2017 08: 35 New
          +5
          Quote: Shahno
          So it's just a duck.

          Definitely, SPRN radars do not see low-flying objects at long range, warheads for it jump out over the horizon for 3000 km, but at an altitude of a hundred or more kilometers. Voronezh themselves will of course also see popped up over the horizon of the Kyrgyz Republic and also beyond any other radars because of their structural height, but they themselves are located in the rear and have a different task. The fixation of low-flying objects, as well as those traveling along the surface (ships in particular), are perfectly fixed by ZGRLS, the network of which is created, and duplicate SPRN, to heights of a hundred kilometers and from the surface there will be ZGRLS Container, of which there will be ten, to overlap all shock-hazardous directions and they see KR and Aviation, including Stealth (the wavelength does not allow it to be scattered and deflected) also by 3000 km, independence of altitude. In this case, even the accuracy of determining the coordinates of the target is not very important, the main thing is to fix a massive attack and give a command to return the ICBMs, however nowadays algorithms allow you to fix the deviation in meters and boldly aim air defense and missile defense, although the ionosphere makes it difficult to have a variable value in time years and even days, however, computer technology does not stand still. Plus, unlike the SPRN, which should overlap the edges of the neighbor’s sector, the Container has an overlap angle of 180 degrees and they will duplicate each other in significant sectors, in fact, they can duplicate the neighbor in a shock hazard direction. In Mordovia, such a thing is seen by the whole EU and the north of Africa, perfectly captures flights of small aircraft, for example, in Holland. And Voronezh, of course, is obliged to engage in space defense, so the Containers and Voronezh will not take work from each other, although they will be slightly duplicated to the heights of the ionosphere. Article is not a duck, just the detection range of aerodynamic targets, including low-flying RS, will be much shorter for Voronezh than the high-altitude trajectories of the BR, although, I repeat, further than any over-the-horizon radar because Voronezh is very high in construction and more powerful, but the problem is that it is in the rear, t .e. away from the borders, so the container to help him. Plus, the surface of the water and the Russian Plain itself has no serious folds of terrain, greatly upsetting the adherents of the Global Impact.
  3. aszzz888
    aszzz888 20 June 2017 06: 25 New
    0
    The Voronezh-VP grouping allows us to overcome all these difficulties and create an effective system of protection against cruise missiles.

    ... one of the favorite, for attack, weapons from the merikatos ... perhaps this will be blocked ...
  4. rotmistr60
    rotmistr60 20 June 2017 07: 13 New
    0
    God help., What else can you say. Safety is more necessary than ever.
  5. Old26
    Old26 20 June 2017 08: 13 New
    +3
    Recently, so many noodles began to appear. including and in. which is a bad sign in itself. The professionalism of writers is falling by leaps and bounds.
    As for the fact that Voronezh-VP works in the centimeter range. .There is no such open information from developers and was not. The only thing that was was statements that the radar type "Voronezh-M" (operating in the meter range) in the future can be brought to the level of "Voronezh-VP". Speaking about the sm-band, we always talked about stations like Voronezh-SM, and not about Voronezh-M / DM / VP. Oh, and by the way, the MO has not yet announced the construction of such stations as Vitim stations

    Regarding the detection of cruise missiles. I think it is not worth commenting on this, knowing that the vertical viewing area of ​​the stations is from 2 degrees to 60-70. Nobody has yet canceled the curvature of the Earth. It is not flat, and does not stand on three pillars.
    1. Svetlana
      Svetlana 20 June 2017 09: 52 New
      +2
      A photo of the quarter-wave turnstile emitters of the Voronezh radar indicates the frequency of their radiation - the length of each of the four horns of the emitter is 0,25 wavelengths, about 10 cm in the photo. The emitters are 1/4 of the wavelength distant from the plane of the screen. Those. radiation wavelength of about 40cm
      1. Serge3leo
        Serge3leo 14 July 2017 12: 37 New
        0
        Where did the wood about 10 cm come from?

        Looking at other photos with people it looks more like they are about 25 cm from the person’s head and that the lattice pitch is about 75 cm (two rows are slightly smaller than human height, and three rows are noticeably larger)
  6. Vadim237
    Vadim237 20 June 2017 08: 28 New
    0
    "Cruise missiles are the most difficult targets for air defense." Not anymore, now shock drones and kamikaze drones are coming to the forefront, there can be several hours in the air and carry 20 kilograms of explosives to destroy any object, even a moving one, and the minimum flight height can go from 3 to 5 meters, which makes them hilly - Forest and mountainous areas are almost invulnerable to air defense systems and detection tools, and the very use of such missiles as the C 300, C 350, C 400, Buk M3 and Torah against such targets is not advisable economically and militarily. EW systems can hypothetically create problems for controlling these devices, but you won’t put EW tools everywhere, and the question of whether they will help remains in limbo.
  7. Alexey-74
    Alexey-74 20 June 2017 09: 07 New
    +1
    To create a system for detecting and early warning against all types of missile weapons is now Russia's number one task. Because the point is in all the "super weapons" of the S-500, S-400 and others, if the radars will not track and direct ....
  8. Old26
    Old26 20 June 2017 11: 40 New
    +2
    Quote: Old26
    MO has not yet announced the construction of such stations as Vitim stations

    I mentioned Vitim a couple of times. Below is a view of Vitim compared to Voronezh-DM

    1. Vitim

    2. Voronezh-DM


    Quote: Svetlana
    A photo of the quarter-wave turnstile emitters of the Voronezh radar indicates the frequency of their radiation - the length of each of the four horns of the emitter is 0,25 wavelengths, about 10 cm in the photo. The emitters are 1/4 of the wavelength distant from the plane of the screen. Those. radiation wavelength of about 40cm

    I honestly. profane in radar, but EMNIP meter range radars (VHF) - it is from 0,9 to 6 meters. A decimeter (UHF) - from 0,3 m to 1 meter. If you say that the wavelength is about 40 cm, then this radar falls into the decimeter range. It turns out that Voronezh-VP can operate both in meter and decimeter ranges. And hardly in a centimeter
  9. nikolai55soot
    nikolai55soot 20 June 2017 12: 49 New
    0
    I think when we cover the whole of Russia with Combat Lasers, they themselves will control the entire Cosmos and the entire Earth's surface: up to a millimeter. So the aviation joke "do not be late Dragon KZ has taken off."
  10. Serge3leo
    Serge3leo 14 July 2017 12: 33 New
    0
    Quote: Svetlana
    Photo of quarter-wave turnstile emitters ..., about 10cm in the photo.
    Where did the wood about 10 cm come from?

    Looking at the photographs it looks more like that they are 25 cm from the person’s head and that the lattice pitch is 75 cm (two rows are slightly smaller than human height, and three rows are noticeably larger)