Military Review

Ussurian Cossacks, defenders of the Russian Primorye

26 June 1889, the Ussurian Cossack army was established.

Ussurian Cossacks, defenders of the Russian Primorye

History the troops began with the formation of the Cossack 1 of June 1860 of the Ussuri Cossack Foot Battalion in the Amur Army. In November, the battalion 1879 was reorganized into the Ussuri Cossack foot-and-battalion due to the inability to maintain a battalion in peacetime. And 26 June 1889, the half battalion was assigned to the Ussuri Cossack army.

The board of the Ussuri Cossack troops was located in Vladivostok. At the end of the XIX century, the State Council sanctioned a new Cossack resettlement - from the European part of Russia to the Far East. The goal was a general increase in the number of Cossacks in the Far East and the protection of the territory along the Trans-Siberian Railway being built. This resettlement lasted almost until World War 1.

An active role in the positive resolution of this issue was played by the military ataman of the Amur Cossack troops, the Amur Governor-General in 1893-1898, Lieutenant-General Sergei Mikhailovich Dukhovskoy.

Aware of the need to strengthen the Cossack population on the border, he managed to convince the tsar to strengthen the Ussurian and Amur troops at the expense of Cossack immigrants from other troops: from Transbaikalian, Don, Orenburg, Kuban, Terek and Ural Cossack troops. Lieutenant-General Dukhovskoy, seeing the serious economic and economic difficulties of the immigrants, in 1894, by his order, transferred to the use of the Ussurian Cossack army 9142 thousand acres of land suitable for farming. These lands were called the “withdrawal of Dukhovsky”.

The first batch of immigrants arrived in the Far East in 1895. It consisted of Don (145 families), Orenburg (86 families) and Transbaikalian Cossacks (58 families). Total 2061 people. In 1896, 1075 Cossacks stayed in the region. In 1897 in Primorye, 1145 Cossacks arrived. In 1898, 413 Cossacks moved to the Primorsk region. In 1899, 1205 Cossacks came to the region. In total for 5 years (1895-1899), 5419 settlers from the Don, Orenburg and Trans-Baikal Cossack troops arrived in the Ussurian Cossack army. In 1900, due to lack of funds, resettlement was halted. Since 1901, resettlement has resumed. Now the Cossacks of the Kuban, Terek and Ural also participated in it. The number of Cossack immigrants in 1901 was 1295 people. In 1902, the number of Cossack migrants decreased to 354 people.

Further, in the migration movement in the Ussuri army came a break. The reasons were the Russo-Japanese War and the revolutionary events of 1905. The resettlement resumed from 1907 and lasted several more years. Only for 1907-1909. 1800 families of Cossacks and peasants (enlisted in the Cossacks) from the European part of the country were resettled to the Ussurian army. The settlers erected dozens of settlements along the border with China. In 1907, there was a 71 Cossack settlement on the territory of the army, where 20753 people lived. (10878 men and 9875 women). On 1 in January 1913 in the territory of VHF there were 76 villages and villages where 34520 people lived. (18600 men and 15920 women). By 1917, the population of the Ussuri Cossack army reached 44434 people. (including 24469 men and 19865 women). This population was about 8% of the total number of residents of the Primorsky region.

The resettlement took place in very difficult conditions, the property was floated on rafts and boats, the cattle was walking along the shore. Initially, locations for the settlements were chosen by military officials. Naturally, they did not take into account that the Cossacks needed suitable land for farming. As a result of floods, crop failures, diseases, and other reasons, many Cossacks were forced to leave their families to earn their livelihood. The Cossacks could not buy equipment for the service until General Dukhovskoy intervened and did not allocate land suitable for farming. He also obtained permission to transfer Cossack settlements to these lands. It is hard to imagine how these people lived, they even had to plow the land with a rifle over their shoulders. Constant clashes with the Hunhuzs very much hindered the land development, but they gave combat experience. The life of the Ussuri Cossacks was low, their farms often had only one horse, which was used for civilian purposes in peacetime, and in the wartime - as cavalry.

On 1 January 1905, the Ussurian army listed 3308 lower ranks and only 1483 horses. In peacetime, the army put up a Ussuriysk Cossack cavalry division of two hundred members and a platoon in the Life Guards Consolidated Cossack Regiment. In wartime, an equestrian regiment of the 6-sotsennial composition, equestrian division of the 3-sotvennial composition.

Cossacks also served on the ships of the Amur-Ussuri Cossack flotilla. The flotilla was created in 1889 to monitor the border line, maintain communications between coastal stations and villages on the Amur and Ussuri rivers, transport military ranks, teams and cargoes in peacetime and wartime. The flotilla was maintained at the expense of the Amur and Ussuri Cossack troops.

2 June 1897. It was approved that Cossacks from the Amur and Ussuri forces with a total number of 50 people would be dressed up for service on the flotilla ships. Cossacks took part in suppressing the “Boxer rebellion” in China in 1900.

In 1904-05 army participated in the Russian-Japanese war. Been great. In the Russo-Japanese War 180 Cossacks-Ussurians became the St. George knights. General Mishchenko spoke very flatteringly about their actions. The Ussurians were well versed in the terrain, were hardy, inventive. The experience of clashes with the Chinese Hunhuzes was useful in this war.

In 1910, the Ussuri Cossacks saved Primorye from the plague epidemic. The plague that struck China from January to May 1910 threatened to spread into Russian territory. Cossack posts were set up along the entire border. Every day, 450 Cossacks carried service at risk to their own lives and prevented the epidemic from spreading to the Far Eastern lands.

With the start of the 1 World War I, the army deployed an equestrian regiment of the 6-centric, equestrian division of the 3-centric and 6 individual hundreds. During the 1 World War I period, the Ussuri Cossacks brilliantly showed themselves in battles with the German cavalry as part of the Ussurian cavalry division.

Recently, the "Military Review" was an article about the actions of the Ussuri horse division. During the civil war, most Cossacks fought on the side of the whites and were forced to emigrate to China, Australia, the United States and other countries.

In 1922, the army was abolished. Under Soviet rule, the Ussuri Cossacks, like many other nations, were subjected to political repression. The most widespread were the three “cleansing” campaigns conducted during the period of the dispossession of the peasantry (the end of 20 — the beginning of 30); . The campaign of dispossession cruelly hit the Cossacks. First of all, representatives of the strongest, economically strong Cossack farms were expelled from their homes. Yes, and many middle-class Cossacks did not escape the plight of the dispossessed.

During the Great Patriotic War, part of the Ussuri Cossacks fought in 115 kav. regiment and other cavalry units and divisions. Cossacks fought in other branches of the army. This small army has done a lot in defending Russia's Far Eastern borders. Thanks to the Cossacks.

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  1. parusnik
    parusnik 18 June 2017 06: 57
    Not a bad series of articles about the history of Cossack troops
  2. Olgovich
    Olgovich 18 June 2017 07: 46
    Under Soviet rule, the Ussuri Cossacks were subjected to political repression

    Like all other Cossack troops, without exception.
    What was the crime against Russia.
    1. twviewer
      twviewer 18 June 2017 14: 02
      Can an army be repressed? hehe, what kind of army is this, and where are the victories of those troops over the interventionists ??
      1. aws4
        aws4 19 June 2017 03: 28
        don’t find fault with the words ... it’s just the name of the territory obviously ... we had on the Don - the land of the Don army .... do you think the barracks were standing alone ???
      2. Each other
        Each other 22 June 2017 17: 33
        What victories can be OVER interventionists if this army fought UNDER interventionists? hi
    2. Each other
      Each other 18 June 2017 21: 13
      Oh, nothing at all .. wink What political repression? The usual criminal prosecution of perpetrators of a crime against the government. The author was cunning, stating that during the Civil War, most Cossacks fought on the side of the whites. But Cossacks fought not on the White’s side, but on the side of the Japanese interventionists. And under their personal control.
      1. aws4
        aws4 19 June 2017 03: 44
        But on the account of the Usurian Cossacks I don’t know anything at all ... this is a curiosity for me and a mystery, and in my opinion they really had little to do with the Cossacks .... well, on the account of Dontsov you are not right here and the author is not right ... not repression, but the real genocide was in the Don, and such that after that this nation ceased to exist and its miserable remnants disappeared into the Russian population of the Don and the alien poverty from Russia and Ukraine ... I don’t know whether the truth about this genocide will ever come up or not I know one thing that is not beneficial to anyone .... it is unlikely that you will ever learn the truth about the people who lived on the Don and how they actually destroyed it .... I’ll say one thing, I’m not Russian, but my ancestors have been living here for several centuries and from generation to generation they told what really happened on the Lower Don and how much I didn’t look for and read, no one ever wrote about it, no dermocrats, no patriots, Putiners, no communists, no liberals, no euro slaps, no one ....
        1. Each other
          Each other 20 June 2017 10: 28
          Well, fairy tales about the genocide of Cossacks on TV and on the Internet are told every day. That's just a strange thing, if there was genocide, then where do so many descendants of Cossacks live on the Don? wink
          And who forgot, under the leadership of the traitor Krasnov, the Cossacks fought for the self-proclaimed Don Republic, and not for Faith, the Tsar and the Fatherland. Those. there were frank separatists. And the participation of Cossacks in the Second World War on the side of Germany showed their true nature. wink
          1. Siberian
            Siberian 20 June 2017 13: 45
            And you can give a proof about
            Quote: Saling
            participation of Cossacks in the Second World War on the side of Germany
            1. Each other
              Each other 21 June 2017 21: 23
              My friend, you ask questions:
              Cossack Krasnov:
              Cossack Shkuro:
              Nazi Punisher Cossacks:

              And about the so-called tell about the "tragedies" of extradition of Cossacks in Lienz and Judenburg? When the traitor-Cossacks of the coalition country issued the USSR. They then thought again to hide abroad from a well-deserved punishment, but it wasn’t there.
              1. aws4
                aws4 22 June 2017 06: 31
                and please don’t need your emoticons smiling and winking when it comes to the destruction of an entire nation .... YOU ARE IN YOUR MIND ?????
              2. Each other
                Each other 22 June 2017 08: 03
                By the way, the author of the article brazenly lies, silent on whose side the Ussuri Cossacks really served during the Second World War. There was an excellent article on Topwar in 2013 about the service of Japanese henchmen under the leadership of Ataman Semenov
                By the way, this "participation" is reflected in the literature. "The moment of truth. In August 44." the same Mishchenko.
              3. Siberian
                Siberian 22 June 2017 10: 37
                Thank you, I did not know that there was such a page in the history of the Cossacks, or rather did not come across.
                1. Each other
                  Each other 22 June 2017 16: 45
                  It just touches me when they publish such tearful articles about supposedly "innocent killed." Moreover, the author does not name the figures allegedly repressed.
                  And here is what the major witness, Major General William Sidney Graves (1865-1940), who commanded the expeditionary force of the US Army in Siberia in 1918-1920, wrote about the Ussuri Cossacks. :
                  The soldiers of Semyonov and Kalmykov (the military chieftain of the Ussuri Cossack army), protected by Japanese troops, roamed the country like wild animals, killing and robbing people; if Japan wanted, these killings could end in a day. If questions arose about these brutal murders, it was said in response that the victims were Bolsheviks, and this explanation obviously suited the world. The conditions in Eastern Siberia were terrible, and there was nothing cheaper than human life.

                  Terrible murders were committed there, but they were not committed by the Bolsheviks as the world thinks. I would be far from any exaggeration if I say that for every one killed by the Bolsheviks in Eastern Siberia there are one hundred killed by anti-Bolsheviks.

                  * * *
                  It is hard to imagine a human being like Kalmykov existing in modern civilization; there was hardly a day without reports of the terrible atrocities committed by him and his troops.

                  * * *
                  Kalmykov remained in Khabarovsk and established his own regime of terror, violence and bloodshed, which eventually forced his own troops to rebel and seek protection from the American army. Under the pretext of fighting Bolshevism, he unreasonably arrested any wealthy people, tortured him to get their money, and executed many on charges of Bolshevism. These arrests were so frequent that they intimidated all classes of the population; it is estimated that several hundred people were executed by Kalmykov’s troops in the vicinity of Khabarovsk.

                  Please note that this is written by a person who at that time was on one side of the barricades with the mentioned Semenov and Kalmykov.
                  1. phair
                    phair 23 June 2017 10: 43
                    From September 1918 to February 1920, the troops of the chieftain I.P. Kalmykov, executions and burials of opponents in the Civil War were carried out here - mainly Khabarovsk residents who were involved in the underground struggle or who previously worked in Soviet institutions that did not last long, and who were also suspected of it. The personality of Major General Ivan Petrovich Kalmykov himself was so odious that both White movement comrades and foreign allies, with the exception of the Japanese, often tried to distance themselves from him. So, with the American expeditionary forces under the command of General William Graves, Ataman Kalmykov was in constant confrontation, and the Kolchak government agreed to recognize only in March 1919. Kalmykov found support in the Japanese, who were impressed by the methods of the chieftain, but the main violin was played mainly by a temporary coincidence of interests in the Far East. By the way, Kalmykov found his inglorious end in September 1920, shot dead by Chinese escorts while trying to escape. By this time, the Zemstvo government demanded his extradition as a criminal, the Japanese refused to provide any assistance to the former ally, and the other parties themselves would have shot with great pleasure the recent ruler of Khabarovsk.
                    The exact number of deaths and buried in the ravine in the ravine is no longer possible to establish, sources speak of several thousand victims of Kalmyk terror.

          2. aws4
            aws4 22 June 2017 06: 28
            1 where did you see the descendants of the Cossacks and where is the evidence that they are the descendants of the Cossacks in not the same pseudo Cossacks as Budenny 2 Vlasov and Vlasov were also Cossacks ??? 3 I’m talking about what I got from word of mouth from my many relatives and not only not Russian people who lived here on the Lower Don at that time, these events took place long before the Second World War ... 4 You are apparently a descendant of one of those who committed the genocide here and obviously conscience torments for the sins of the ancestors and that's crucifying ... To be honest you are not interesting to me ... you have no honor and no conscience ... because I’m writing not about what I read not about that I saw the Internet and the memories of dozens of people who lived side by side with the Cossacks, people not interested, eyewitnesses of the events .....
            1. Each other
              Each other 22 June 2017 08: 36
              Firstly, I am a direct descendant of a Cossack executed back in Peter's times for participating in the Cossack Tars riot. Secondly, I am a descendant of a direct descendant of the person to whom the book “REMEMBERS OF THE AMUR COSSACK ABOUT THE PAST FROM 1849 TO 1880” was dedicated. And I do not argue my words with stories and gossip, unlike you. Moreover, as it became clear from your comment, you cannot even process the information correctly.
              I did not mention a word about Vlasov, and there are no Vlasov people in the photo. This is all your fantasy. And who were Shkuro, Krasnov and Semenov you can not even see.
              Shkuro - did not serve in the ROA, he served in the Reserve of Cossack troops under the General Staff of the SS troops, not belonging to the ROA.
              Krasnov did not serve in the ROA, but was the head of the Main Directorate of Cossack Forces of the Imperial Ministry of the Eastern Occupied Territories of Germany (German: Reichsministerium für die besetzten Ostgebiete), who also had no relation to the Vlasov ROA.
              So it’s better to learn history, rather than flipping gossip of others. Moreover, memories are a subjective and unreliable source of information.
            2. Each other
              Each other 22 June 2017 17: 53
              And not to you, gossip. who don’t know history, talk about conscience and paw the memory of my ancestors. My ancestors lived and worked under any authority, did not whine and gossip with horror stories, they did not dissolve the cruelty of the authorities. And they got it from the authorities sometimes more than. Both under kings and under the Soviets. In our family, it’s more common to tell who achieved what, created and what benefit he brought
              So sit whining and gossiping further!
              1. aws4
                aws4 23 June 2017 03: 12
                it means that they wrote this story to you in books, but that people saw it with their own eyes gossip and tales ... well, keep on yapping the puppy
                1. Each other
                  Each other 23 June 2017 07: 53
                  Firstly, they do not yap, unlike you, but talk reasonably. Secondly, I don’t remember when we drank on the Brudershaft. Although you do not even know the words. Thirdly, that nonsense that you carry with history has never been and never will be. It's all gossip, tales and whining
                  Here is a reference to an example of exactly the same "eyewitness" from the APU, similar to the ones you are trying to link to.
                  For three years he has a story about how he heard solitary shots turned into a terrible story about what he personally saw how the wounded were crushed by tanks.
                  Now try to provide evidence that your "sources" are not the same "reliable". laughing
                  1. aws4
                    aws4 24 June 2017 04: 49
                    First you yapping !!! Secondly, it’s a lot of honor to talk to you on you !! Third, you are a puppy, and if not, prove the opposite !!! And in the fourth you are the same zombie miracle as those who rode on the Maidan are only zombified by the Kremlin and not the Kiev pack ... another extreme ...
                    1. Each other
                      Each other 24 June 2017 21: 18
                      Well, to be honest, the appeal to "You" with us, Russians and everyone living in Russia, is a sign of elementary politeness. In addition, in Russia it is customary to talk with each other, and yapping and barking are part of a dog pack. There is a persistent feeling that you grew up in such a pack, since you do not know the elementary norms of politeness and call people puppies, and the conversation is yapping. Well, since you assigned me the rank of a puppy, then open your level. wink Illiterate dvorterrier or bald kabysdoh? wink Excuse me, I don’t understand your dog hierarchy. Well, I think he's not very tall. At least, knowledge of the level of secondary school is clearly not observed. Stories and punctuation you do not know how the words "first" and "second" are spelled the same correctly. laughing You cannot distinguish a Cossack who served in the SS from a ROA soldier, they are all Vlasovites for you. For that, smarting up other people's tales is much more welcome. But how, they say, where are you with your snout in the elite row? March into your booth and do not yap at people. Forgive me for using the word "yapping" from your dictionary, but I think this way you will understand more clearly. And I ask you not to distract me with my illiterate comments anymore. I’m not going to answer your “PUSCH” again.
                      1. aws4
                        aws4 25 June 2017 17: 02
                        Well, you only confirmed one thing that you are not a man ... go walk a puppy
              2. aws4
                aws4 23 June 2017 03: 14
                what are you all bold and talkative ... in fact, it is obvious only here ...
  3. Amurets
    Amurets 18 June 2017 08: 19
    "In the historiography of the Russian Cossacks, the Amur Cossacks
    troops (Transbaikal, * Amur, * Ussuri *) are rightly distributed
    viewed as a single socio-cultural community. Not by chance
    state law determined for them a single reference
    army (September 17, 1655) and military holiday on the day of Alexy
    The Man of God * March 17 (30). However, so far, and in official
    Noah, and in Cossack historiography there is a tendency to highlight
    insignificant features to the detriment of historical realities. Historically
    all objectivity lies in the fact that in each particular period
    Od existence, the Cossacks, as such, had a special ethnic
    features and legal status, depending on the specific state
    nosti. Unlike the “old” Cossack troops, the Amur Cossack Howl
    ska formed later and with the decisive role of the state. Co¬
    keeping the mentality of the Cossacks, in everyday realities they were directly
    dependent on state interests, but managed to form a special
    digital ideology and culture. Abolentsev. Amur Cossacks. t-1 "
    And in the second volume of this collection is R. Bogdanov. The memories of the Amur Cossack about the past from 1849 to 1880.
    And there is still an interesting book Navolochkin. Amur miles, this is the history of development in the 1850s.
    1. moskowit
      moskowit 18 June 2017 10: 58
      Thank you very much for the proposed books for a wider study of the development of the Cossacks of the Far East ....
      I just wanted to ask a question about the literature describing this phenomenon, and you have already proposed a list ...
      There is a wonderful book by Nikolai Zadornov, Amur-Batyushka, but it is about immigrants to peasants. But there is fiction about the Cossack development of the Far Eastern regions? You do not know ???
      1. Amurets
        Amurets 18 June 2017 12: 43
        Quote: moskowit
        There is a wonderful book by Nikolai Zadornov, Amur-Batyushka, but it is about immigrants to peasants. But there is fiction about the Cossack development of the Far Eastern regions? You do not know ???

        This is not an entire list. We must read the whole series of N. Zadornov, "Captain Nevelskaya." The book "Far Land", I would consider the first part of the Amur Father, or rather its second part, "Markeshkino rifle." Then you can understand where the Cossacks floaters know Cupid. "Amur Versts" Navolochkina well describes the life and life of the first Transbaikal Cossacks, as well as the first border guards of the Upper and Middle Amur. Siberian linear battalions and Transbaikal Cossacks were the first to begin the development of the Amur River in the 1850s of the XIX century. Cossack Roman Bogdanov_ is a historical person and he was in the retinue of N.N. Muravyov as secretary or chronicler of the first Amur campaigns. His book "Memoirs of the Amur Cossack about the past 1849-1880" 2nd volume of the "Amur Cossacks" bibliographic rarity, by the way, is read with great interest.
        1. moskowit
          moskowit 18 June 2017 14: 24
          Thanks for the clarification. But I'm not a bit about that. All the books of Zadornov, I read a long time ago. And I know their sequence very well .... Thank you for your desire to help ...
          1. captain
            18 June 2017 17: 29
            From fiction I can offer you to read the novel by Vasily Belyabin "Transbaikal".
            1. moskowit
              moskowit 18 June 2017 19: 53
              Thank you ... Balyabin Vasily ...
              1. captain
                19 June 2017 08: 05
                There is also such a writer Konstantin Sedykh himself from the Cossacks. Wrote the novel "Dauria".
              2. phair
                phair 23 June 2017 10: 36
                All the same, Balabin ...
    2. Monarchist
      Monarchist 18 June 2017 19: 37
      I can recommend S. Rem “Beyond a quiet dark river”, though there is fiction, but the situation there is quite interestingly described on the eve of the “boxing performance”, Japanese intelligence, Russian counterintelligence
      1. moskowit
        moskowit 18 June 2017 20: 02
        Thank you .... Found in the series "Siberia"
        1. Reptiloid
          Reptiloid 19 June 2017 03: 58
          I liked the article, thanks. You should also try to read fiction books, some of those listed.
  4. Vladycat
    Vladycat 18 June 2017 14: 51
    Glorious traditions. But what have they turned into now? "Mummers" - the words of the Don Cossack who came to our retirement. My grandfather was on the council of elders. Of the Cossacks, we. Ataman Poluyanov wrote a petition to me in Suvorov. In the 90s they tried to raise the idea. Even a separate regiment in the 55th division of the MP Pacific Fleet was Cossack. But as a result, drunk lads with a bunch of glands on his chest. And no sense. Sect
    1. Monarchist
      Monarchist 18 June 2017 19: 48
      For such a whitewash with the revival of the Cossacks it is necessary to "thank": the comrades of the Bolsheviks and personally Leibu Bronstein, Go Sverdlov, Blanca and "comrades in the field
      1. Uncle Murzik
        Uncle Murzik 19 June 2017 05: 45
        The monarchist may Holstein-Gottorp who successfully ruined the empire! And the Cossacks did not want to shed much blood for them! wassat
  5. Galleon
    Galleon 18 June 2017 15: 15
    The Bible from the temple of the village of Kazakevichevo is stored in my house as a relic. When the red power came to ruin the church, my great-grandfather, a hundred clerk, the Cossacks from the watchmen suggested secretly going into the temple and taking something on the night before the "pogrom". He took the Bible and, 1913, the first edition in Russian. My great-great-grandfather, Procopius Gusak, a participant in the first rafting, so the story in the article is live for us, thanks to the author.
    1. Vladycat
      Vladycat 19 June 2017 04: 11
      My great-grandfather is my namesake!
  6. Each other
    Each other 22 June 2017 20: 25
    For the author’s information, if the photo shows people in hats and with a dead tiger, this does not mean that the Ussuri Cossacks are in the photo. wink Judging by the dark buttonholes of the war in the photo, they have nothing to do with the Ussuri Cossack army. The Ussuri Cossacks wore yellow buttonholes and shoulder straps.
    and tigers were found not only in the Ussuri taiga, as now. For example, ordinary foot soldiers, in hats and with a dead tiger:
    In the photo, the team of hunters of the 5th Turkestan Line Battalion, consisting of fifteen lower ranks with ten camels and thirty two dogs, came out on January 4, 1894 to hunt in the Chimbay section of the Amudarya department in the Dau-Kara tract. According to information gathered in advance, it was known that many tigers appeared in the aforementioned site, which caused great harm to the herds of natives, and there were cases that even people were seized
  7. Loki_2
    Loki_2 24 June 2017 21: 15
    Quote: Saling
    Krasnov did not serve in the ROA, but was the head of the Main Directorate of Cossack Forces of the Imperial Ministry of the Eastern Occupied Territories of Germany (German: Reichsministerium für die besetzten Ostgebiete), who also had no relation to the Vlasov ROA.

    This, of course, vividly justifies Shkuro and changes the essence of the conversation not diametrically opposite.
    I correctly understand that you dispute the justice of punishment for Skuro as a fascist henchman?
    1. Each other
      Each other 26 June 2017 20: 44
      Not at all, dog dog death. No matter how his advocates babble, that he and Krasnov of Soviet Russia did not swear allegiance, and therefore they cannot be traitors.
      Just in response to the photo facts of the Cossack police punitive service laid out by me on the Germans, a stupid question was asked by a stupid miracle with the nickname aws4: "Vlasov and Vlasov were also Cossacks ???", he was told that the Cossacks Shkuro and Krasnov de jure were not even Vlasovites, but served in even more "elite" parts of the SS. ROA were ordinary infantry, and these figures are punitive. By the way, whoever gives a hint about the struggle of these "heroes" with Bolshevism, it is worth remembering that they did their dirty work on the territory of Yugoslavia. Where with the Bolsheviks was, to put it mildly, not a lot.
      By the way, for me there was a revelation that someone does not know about this dark side of the Cossacks.
      Cossacks and under the king were the main punitive units against the people, for which they paid after the establishment of Soviet power. And especially zealous, like Shkuro and Krasnov, they also went to the service of the Nazis to continue their punitive trade. Then they tried to run west, but it did not work out.
      1. Loki_2
        Loki_2 29 June 2017 09: 33
        Absolutely agree with you.
  8. Balagan
    Balagan 14 December 2017 18: 00
    Not a few Ussuri Cossacks fought on the side of the Reds. And not just ordinary people. Out of them came the wonderful commanders of the red partisan detachments.
  9. Valery Albertovich
    Valery Albertovich April 9 2021 09: 31
    Tell the literature on this topic. On the Ussuriysk history of the Cossacks.