Military Review

Lieutenant Schmidt

90
Lieutenant Schmidt 150 years ago, on February 17, 1867, a Russian naval officer, one of the leaders of the Sevastopol uprising of 1905, Petr Petrovich Schmidt was born. Peter Schmidt was the only Russian officer fleetwho joined the revolution of 1905-1907 and led a major uprising, so his name was widely known.


Petr Petrovich, who is now mostly remembered in connection with the "sons of Lieutenant Schmidt" from the Golden Calf, lived a short, but very dramatic, life full of contradictions. Born 5 (17) February 1867, in the city of Odessa, Odessa district, Kherson province, in a noble family. His father, Petr Petrovich Schmidt, was a hereditary naval officer, a participant in the Crimean War, a hero of the defense of Sevastopol, later a rear admiral, the governor of Berdyansk and the head of the Berdyansk port. Mother Schmidt - Ekaterina Yakovlevna Schmidt, nee von Wagner. Uncle, also a hero of the defense of Sevastopol, Vladimir Petrovich, had the rank of admiral and was the senior flagship of the Baltic Fleet. It was the uncle (at the time of the death of his father, Petr Petrovich Schmidt Jr., who was only 22), he became the chief career assistant to the young officer.

Peter Schmidt Jr., from childhood, dreamed of the sea and, to the delight of the family, in 1880, he entered the St. Petersburg Naval School (Naval Cadet Corps). After graduating from the Maritime School in 1886, he was promoted to a midshipman exam and assigned to the Baltic Fleet. The young man was distinguished by great abilities in his studies, he sang well, played music and drew. But along with good qualities, everyone noted his increased nervousness and excitability. The bosses on the oddities of the cadet, and then the midshipman Schmidt turned a blind eye, believing that in time everything will come about by itself: the harsh life of the ship service will do its work.

However, the young officer surprised everyone. Already in the 1888 year, two years after the production of officers, he married and retired "due to illness" in the rank of lieutenant. He was undergoing treatment at a private hospital for nerve and mental patients in Moscow. Schmidt's wife, to put it mildly, stood out from the crowd. The daughter of a tradesman, Dominicia Pavlová, was a professional prostitute and had a yellow ticket instead of a passport. It is believed that Schmidt wanted her to "morally rehabilitate", but in general, their family life did not work out. The wife considered all his teachings to be stupid, did not bet a penny and openly cheated. In addition, in the future, Petr Petrovich had to deal with the management and upbringing of his son Yevgeny, since Dominicia was indifferent to domestic duties. The father did not accept this marriage, broke off relations with his son and soon died. In general, this case of shock for Peter the Great had no consequences for the society of that time, but there was no reaction from the command of the fleet. They did not even demand an explanation from him, because behind midshipman Schmidt, the figure of his uncle, Vladimir Schmidt, the senior flagship of the Baltic Fleet, rose from a mighty cliff.

Interestingly, during the resignation of Peter Schmidt lived in Paris, where he seriously became interested in aeronautics. He purchased all the necessary equipment and intended to professionally deal with flights in Russia. But, having returned to Russia for demonstration performances, a retired lieutenant suffered an accident on his own balloon. As a result, the rest of his life, he suffered from kidney disease caused by a hard blow of a balloon on the ground.

In the 1892 year, Schmidt appeals to the highest name "for enrollment in the naval service" and returns to the fleet with the same rank of midshipman with enrollment in the 18 th naval crew as an officer of the watch for the Rurik 1 cruiser. Two years later, he was transferred to the Far East, to the Siberian Flotilla (the future Pacific Fleet). Here he serves until 1898 on the Yanchikha destroyer, the Admiral Kornilov cruiser, the Aleut transport, the Strongman and the Gornostay and Beaver gunboats. However, soon the disease again reminded of itself. He was aggravated with a nervous illness that overtook Peter during the trip abroad. He ended up in the navy hospital of the Japanese port of Nagasaki, where he was examined by a council of doctors of the squadron. On the recommendation of the consultation Schmidt was written off to the reserve. 31-year-old lieutenant is credited to the reserve and goes to serve in the commercial (or as they said - on the "commercial") court.

During the six years of sailing on the merchant navy ships, Peter managed to serve as an assistant captain and captain on the steamers Olga, Kostroma, Igor, Saint Nikolay, and Diana. With the beginning of the Russian-Japanese war, the lieutenant was called up for active service and sent to the disposal of the headquarters of the Black Sea Fleet. Petr Petrovich was sent to the Baltic and appointed the Irtysh as a senior officer of the huge for that time transport with a displacement of 15 thousand tons. The ship was intended to supply the 2-th Pacific squadron of Admiral Rozhestvensky with the necessary materials and supplies. Peter went by transport only to the Egyptian port of Suez, where he was written off ashore due to an exacerbation of kidney disease. "Irtysh" in the course of the Tsushima battle got one big hole in the nose, not counting other less serious injuries, and sank.

The next few months, Schmidt spent in the Black Sea Fleet, commanding the destroyer number XXUMX, which stood in Izmail. In October 253, he, unexpectedly for his friends and acquaintances, took part in a political demonstration in Sevastopol, after which he was arrested. In the course of the investigation that followed, the embezzlement of treasury money from the destroyer and the neglect of service became clear. In November, Schmidt was dismissed from service. Many naval officers were sure that the former destroyer commander, No. XXUMX, was able to avoid the trial solely thanks to the eternal protection of his uncle, the admiral.

Thus, in the fall of 1905, Petr Petrovich turned out to be without certain occupations and special perspectives in Sevastopol. Schmidt was not in any party. He avoided herding at all, as he considered himself a unique person. But when a bougain began in Sevastopol, he, embittered with “injustices”, joined the opposition and became very active. Being a good orator, Petr Petrovich, participating in anti-government meetings, spoke so sharply and energetically that he quickly became a famous person. These speeches and his time in the guardhouse created him a reputation as a revolutionary and sufferer.

In November, during the revolution that swept over Russia, a strong ferment began in Sevastopol ("Sevastopol fire"). November 24 1905 year of excitement turned into a rebellion. On the night of November 26, the rebels with Schmidt arrived at the Ochakov cruiser and called on the sailors to join the uprising. "Ochakov" was the newest cruiser and for a long time stood on the "fine-tuning" in the factory. The team gathered from various crews, closely communicating with the workers and the agitators of the revolutionary parties that were among them, proved to be thoroughly propagandized, and among the sailors were their informal leaders, who actually acted as instigators of insubordination. This sailor elite - a few conductors and senior sailors - understood that they could not do without an officer, and therefore recognized the primacy of an unexpectedly declared and determined-minded revolutionary leader. The sailors under the leadership of the Bolsheviks A. Gladkov and N. Antonenko seized the cruiser in their hands. The officers who were trying to disarm the ship were driven ashore. Schmidt was in his head, declaring himself the commander of the Black Sea Fleet.

He had grandiose plans. According to Schmidt, the seizure of Sevastopol with its arsenals and warehouses is only the first step, after which it was necessary to go to Perekop and place artillery batteries there, block the road to the Crimea and thereby separate the peninsula from Russia. Further, he intended to move the entire fleet to Odessa, land the troops and take power in Odessa, Nikolaev and Kherson. As a result, the “South Russian Socialist Republic” was created, at the head of which Schmidt saw himself.

The forces of the rebels externally were large: 14 ships and vessels, and about 4,5 thousand sailors and soldiers on ships and shore. However, their combat power was insignificant, since most of the ship's guns were rendered unusable even before the uprising. Only on the Ochakov cruiser and on the destroyers artillery was in good repair. The soldiers on the shore were poorly armed, there were not enough machine guns, rifles and cartridges. The rebels missed a favorable moment for the development of success, the initiative. The passivity of the rebels prevented us from attracting the entire Black Sea squadron and the Sevastopol garrison. Schmidt sent a telegram to Tsar Nicholas II: “The glorious Black Sea Fleet, sacredly loyal to its people, demands from you, sir, the immediate convocation of the Constituent Assembly and will not obey your ministers. Fleet Commander P. Schmidt ".

However, the authorities have not yet lost their will and determination, as in 1917 year. Commander of the Odessa Military District, General A. V. Kaulbars, Commander of the Black Sea Fleet, Vice Admiral G. P. Chukhnin and Commander of the 7 Artillery Corps, Lieutenant-General A. N. Meller-Zakomelsky, appointed by the king at the head of a punitive expedition, pulled down to 10 Thousands of soldiers and were able to put the 22 ship with 6 Thousands of people crew. The rebels were given an ultimatum to surrender. Having received no response to the ultimatum, the troops loyal to the government went on the offensive and opened fire on the “internal enemies”. An order was issued to open fire on rebellious ships and vessels. Not only ships, but also coastal artillery, guns of land forces, as well as soldiers from machine guns and rifles from the shore, fired. As a result, the insurgency suppressed. Wounded Schmidt with a group of sailors tried on the destroyer number 270 to break into the Artillery Bay. But the ship was damaged, lost its course, and Schmidt and his comrades were arrested. At trial, Schmidt tried to mitigate the punishment of others, took all the blame on himself, expressed full readiness to be executed.

In general, given the scale of the rebellion and its danger to the empire, when there was a possibility of an uprising in a significant part of the Black Sea Fleet, with the support of part of the ground forces, the punishment was quite humane. But the uprising itself was crushed firmly and resolutely. Hundreds of sailors died. The leaders of the Sevastopol Uprising, P. P. Schmidt, S. P. Chastnik, N. G. Antonenko, and A. I. Gladkov, were sentenced by a naval court in March 1906 to be shot on the island of Berezan. Over 300 people were sentenced to different terms of imprisonment and hard labor. About a thousand people were subject to disciplinary punishment without any trial.

It is worth noting that in the Russian Imperial Navy there was a strict ban on political activity. Moreover, the “taboo” was more informal, but it was strictly observed. Even those naval officers who were considered liberals in the navy, the unwritten rules, for the most part, did not violate. Vice-Admiral Stepan Makarov always said directly that the army and navy should be out of politics. The business of the armed forces is to guard their homeland, which must be protected regardless of the form of the existing system.

Schmidt has become a rare exception. It is possible that the reason for the naval officer’s abrupt transition to the side of revolutionaries is the psychic instability of Peter. In the Soviet historiography, taking into account the popularization of this character, this question was bypassed. Petr Petrovich was a man easily excitable, he had previously been treated in a hospital “for the nervous and mentally ill”. His illness was expressed in unexpected bouts of irritability, turning into a rage, followed by hysteria with convulsions and rolling on the floor.

According to midshipman Harold Graf, who served Peter on the Irtysh for several months, his senior officer "came from a good noble family, knew how to speak beautifully, played the cello superbly, but was also a dreamer and visionary." Nor can it be said that Schmidt also came under the category of “sailor friends”. “I myself saw him several times, brought out of patience by the lack of discipline and rude answers of the sailors, beat them right there. In general, Schmidt never fawned on the team and treated it the same way as other officers treated it, but always tried to be fair, ”noted Graf. According to the naval officer: “Knowing Schmidt well in terms of joint service, I am convinced that if his plan succeeded in 1905 and triumph in all of Russia, the revolution ... he would be the first to be terrified of what he had done and would become a sworn enemy of Bolshevism.”

Meanwhile, the revolutionary events in the Russian empire continued to boil, and very soon after the lieutenant’s execution at rallies of various parties, young people began to appear who, calling themselves “the son of Lieutenant Schmidt”, on behalf of the father who had died for his freedom called for revenge, fight the tsarist regime or render feasible material assistance to revolutionaries. Under the "son of the lieutenant" acted not only revolutionaries, but simply speculators. As a result, "sons" divorced completely indecent amount. Moreover, even the "daughters of Schmidt" appeared! For some time the “children of the lieutenant” flourished completely, but then, with the decline of the revolutionary movement, Lieutenant Schmidt was almost forgotten.

In Soviet times, the “lieutenant’s children” were revived in the second half of the 1920s. In 1925, the twentieth anniversary of the first Russian revolution was celebrated. In preparing the holiday, the party's veterans, to their considerable surprise and chagrin, found that the majority of the country's population did not at all remember or did not know the heroes who died during the first revolution. The party press began an active information campaign, and the names of some revolutionaries were hastily extracted from the darkness of oblivion. A lot of articles and memoirs were written about them, monuments were established for them, streets, embankments, etc. were named after them. Peter Petrovich Schmidt became one of the most famous heroes of the first revolution. True, propagandists hurried somewhat and in a hurry missed some unfavorable facts for the hero. Thus, prominent royal admirals turned out to be relatives of the revolutionary, and his son Yevgeny participated in the Civil War on the side of the White movement and died in emigration.
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  1. bober1982
    bober1982 17 February 2017 06: 58
    +8
    Not the life of a brave lieutenant, but continuous comics, with a tragic denouement.
    1. Alikos
      Alikos 17 February 2017 08: 12
      +9
      Quote: bober1982
      Not the life of a brave lieutenant, but continuous comics, with a tragic denouement.

      A schizophrenic and a psychopath with an exacerbated state of the disease with his behavior as a prostitute wife. Such villains and all kinds of moneylenders-traders on the money of the Zionist fascist mafia led a coup, and then staged a civil war and genocide of the Russian people
      1. Ingvar 72
        Ingvar 72 17 February 2017 08: 15
        +6
        Quote: Alikos
        A schizophrenic and a psychopath with an exacerbated state of the disease with his behavior as a prostitute wife.

        All according to Klimov.
      2. bober1982
        bober1982 17 February 2017 08: 19
        +9
        From the Orthodox point of view, all these characters that you have listed are called demonic forces. They are very tenacious, and they haven’t gone anywhere, they have lurked, they are patiently waiting for their time. Once in fraternal Ukraine, they have a high point, they have climbed out.
        1. vladimirZ
          vladimirZ 17 February 2017 09: 11
          +25
          Meanwhile, the revolutionary events in the Russian Empire continued to boil, - from the article

          If this were not Peter Schmidt, would be different. The revolutionary events of 1905-1907 were not raised by Schmidts, they were provoked by the mediocre Russian monarchy, which conducted an anti-people policy.
          What kind of dirty trick went in all the media, with the approach of the 100th anniversary of the Great October Revolution, to look for any flaws in the revolutionary events and its heroes and speculate on them?
          What is behind this? A specific order of the current capitalist authorities, in solidarity with the old monarchical system? Or the initiative of individual supporters of monarchism-capitalism?
          In any case, the people are trying to discourage the memory of the Soviet past, the heroes of the revolution, belittle them, create in their souls intransigence to all revolutionary events that bring about deliverance from the exploiting system.
          It looks like the next custom-made article, similar to the articles about the denigration of Zoe Kosmodemyanskaya, Panfilov’s heroes and other heroes of the Soviet era.
          1. bober1982
            bober1982 17 February 2017 09: 26
            +4
            A specific order of the current capitalist authorities ....
            It is curious where you found these same capitalist authorities, and even those that are in solidarity with the monarchical system (?)
            The current government - ex. Komsomol-communist, those representatives of it that turned out to be clever. and smarter.
            1. vladimirZ
              vladimirZ 17 February 2017 09: 35
              +14
              The current government - ex. Komsomol-communist, those of her - bober1982

              Well, stop writing nonsense. All of us, or the vast majority of the generation of “formerly Komsomol-communist,” what else do you find for the role of state leaders? Can I invite from abroad?
              This is not the main defining essence of the current state in Russia. The main thing is the nature of public relations, the attitude to property, it is they who determine which state we have. According to these characteristics, we have an oligarchic capitalist state in which the absolute number of means of production belongs to less than 1% of the population.
              Remember, it is the nature of social relations to the means of production that determines the nature of the state. Teach political science, respected, so as not to show your denseness.
              1. bober1982
                bober1982 17 February 2017 09: 48
                +5
                Learn political science ............ What is she to me, charlatans are ordinary after all.
                Read the novel by F. M. Dostoevsky "Demons"
                1. vladimirZ
                  vladimirZ 17 February 2017 10: 12
                  +6
                  Teach political science ............ What is it for me - bober1982

                  Haha Well, yes, it’s better to remain dense and illiterate, then all who have learned more by one class are “charlatans”.
                  You should re-read "Woe from Wit." Famusov reminds you of no one?
                2. Rastas
                  Rastas 17 February 2017 19: 20
                  +3
                  "Demons" is not a very revealing novel written by Dostoevsky under the impression of nechaevtsy. it’s true that it’s worth saying that the adventurous methods of Nechaev were condemned by both Bakuninists and Tchaikovtsy. Moreover, if the "revolutionaries" were actually the same as they are depicted in "Demons", then the gendarmes simply would not have a job, such as in the novel, did not pose any threat to the authorities. Dostoevsky’s “Demons” can be easily struck with Tolstoy’s “Resurrection”.
                  1. bober1982
                    bober1982 17 February 2017 19: 52
                    +2
                    Dostoevsky got a lot for this novel, precisely for the way the "revolutionaries" are depicted - or rather they accused him of showing exactly the "dirty hands" of these comrades, that is, all of these nihilists who were participants in the "holy cause" - the revolution . I didn’t like it.
                    Such always pose a danger - at first there would seem to be innocent chatter (the heroes of the novel say a lot), and then everything is growing (chaos), Dostoevsky predicted everything.
                    1. Rastas
                      Rastas 17 February 2017 20: 30
                      +2
                      Nekrasov also predicted in 1864:

                      Do not be shy for the kindly fatherland ...
                      I brought enough Russian people,
                      Made and this road is iron -
                      He will bear everything that the Lord sends!

                      It will endure everything - and broad, clear
                      Breast pave the way for himself.
                      The only pity is to live in this beautiful time
                      I don’t have to - neither to me nor to you. ”
                3. Sergey S.
                  Sergey S. 18 February 2017 12: 05
                  +2
                  Quote: bober1982
                  Learn political science ............ What is she to me, charlatans are ordinary after all.
                  Read the novel by F. M. Dostoevsky "Demons"

                  To a large extent, I agree.
                  But not only Demons, but also Crime and Punishment, other novels, as well as diaries and letters.
                  Learn the life of F.M. Dostoevsky - a revolutionary and a truly Orthodox person.
                  And then political science will gain real meaning.
              2. Rivares
                Rivares 17 February 2017 19: 08
                +3
                Quote: vladimirZ
                This is not the main defining essence of the current state in Russia. The main thing is the nature of public relations

                As a Jew Marx dusted your brains)) Go to Nigeria or the Emirates to preach, that for them the main thing is the nature of public relations))))))
                What is the strength in, brother? - into the nature of public relations!
                1. vladimirZ
                  vladimirZ 17 February 2017 20: 07
                  +2
                  How Jude Marx has powdered your brains - Rivares

                  And what is the essence of the social structure of society?
                  What is its main defining characteristic? What defines better socio-economic relations than what K. Marx defined?
                  Have you really discovered something great? So enlighten others, comparable to the teachings of Marx. And then we already laugh at your fabrications.
                  1. Rivares
                    Rivares 19 February 2017 11: 56
                    0
                    Already 4 rhetorical questions !!
                    Maybe it's time to stop floundering in the Jewish teachings and return to their native, Russian ...
                  2. Rivares
                    Rivares 19 February 2017 12: 44
                    0
                    Quote: vladimirZ
                    So enlighten others, comparable to the teachings of Marx. And then we already laugh at your fabrications.

                    Have you even read Marx with his arguments? Hedgehog it is clear that the offspring of the rabbi leads the reader by the nose, promising in each subsequent volume to prove the writings of the previous one, eventually proving nothing and refuting the first in the 3rd volume))
                    And with this Talmud you want to laugh at other fabrications ?? Hegel to help you))
                    1. vladimirZ
                      vladimirZ 19 February 2017 13: 27
                      0
                      Maybe it's time to stop floundering in Jewish teachings and return to their native, Russian ... - Rivares

                      What can you offer? What are such individual "native Russian" teachings? Call to the tsarist monarchy with serfdom? Hoping to avoid the fate of bonded serf? By the way, they didn’t hear a joke, though with a beard, but it’s suitable for this situation.
                      The current oligarchs and senior officials gathered to talk to Putin, talked, discussed, including how the hearts live. "We live well, dear, with profit," they answer. Then Putin asked them a question: “Maybe now it’s time to think about people?” “Exactly, our dear,” replies the new gentlemen, “a shower is so 300-400, it would be nice to start.”
                      There are no Russian, Jewish or other teachings. There are uniform laws of social development of human society for all Russians and foreigners.
                      And Marxism, among all other theories, under the conditions of class antagonistic societies and relations, is the most relevant.
                      1. Rivares
                        Rivares 19 February 2017 20: 50
                        0
                        Quote: vladimirZ
                        There are no Russian, Jewish or other teachings. There are uniform laws of social development of human society for all Russians and foreigners.
                        And Marxism, among all other theories, under the conditions of class antagonistic societies and relations, is the most relevant.

                        Yes, all Jews shout in unison that their ideas (Marx, Torah, Old Testament) are the only correct ones. By the way, I'm not a fan of the Romanov monarchism.
                        You look closely at the Russian pre-Christian worldviews, about which historians shout with trained voices that they weren’t.
                2. Sergey S.
                  Sergey S. 18 February 2017 12: 19
                  +2
                  Quote: Rivares

                  As a Jew Marx powdered your brains)) Go to Nigeria or the Emirates to preach

                  And the sermon of the Jew Jesus, is there anything different?
                  So go to Nigeria and the Emirates the same way ...

                  And more.
                  Quote: Rivares
                  What is the strength in, brother?

                  Strength in Truth is our common point of view.
                  But to be extremely honest, the Orthodox truth ALWAYS was forced to show real power. And in such a quality, in such a fury, with such a result that it became almost a religious phenomenon.
                  M. Gandhi could not be the leader of Russia.

                  Moreover, how it will not be strange to you, but K. Marx is not a tribune and agitator for the revolution.
                  It is only on the basis of the events of 1848 and personal thoughts that the events of the future have been foreseen.

                  That is, according to canonical rules, he wrote another gospel.

                  And the last about the Orthodox power in truth.
                  Bow to the schismatics, remember and offer prayers to the non-possessors sent to distant monasteries.
                  It was they who, by their non-resistance to evil, saved Orthodoxy from blasphemy like Protestantism and other sectarianism.

                  And let our stamped enemies rage!
                  1. Rivares
                    Rivares 19 February 2017 12: 38
                    0
                    Quote: Sergey S.
                    It is only on the basis of the events of 1848 and personal thoughts that the events of the future

                    Then Vanga and Nostradamus will be abruptly))
                    Quote: Sergey S.
                    That is, according to canonical rules, he wrote another gospel.

                    Not tired of studying Jewish teachings without knowing your own?
            2. Rastas
              Rastas 17 February 2017 19: 15
              +1
              Keywords - former Komsomol-communist. In fact, it is they who intensively pour slop on the Soviet past.
          2. Olgovich
            Olgovich 17 February 2017 10: 04
            +2
            Quote: vladimirZ
            What is behind it? A specific order of the current capitalist authorities, in solidarity with the old monarchical system? Or the initiative of individual supporters of monarchism-capitalism?

            Public Enemies. yes lol
            1. vladimirZ
              vladimirZ 17 February 2017 10: 15
              +5
              Public Enemies. - Olgovich

              Well, at least you guessed it. Also seen not burdened with knowledge of socio-political sciences?
          3. go
            go 17 February 2017 20: 56
            +1
            Quote: vladimirZ
            If this were not Peter Schmidt, would be different. The revolutionary events of 1905-1907 were not raised by Schmidts, they were provoked by the mediocre Russian monarchy, which conducted an anti-people policy.
            What kind of dirty trick went in all the media, with the approach of the 100th anniversary of the Great October Revolution, to look for any flaws in the revolutionary events and its heroes and speculate on them?


            Just over time, you start to look at things differently. Lenin and associates, such as Dzerzhinsky, received money and printed a newspaper in Germany. Then on the train with that money I drove half of Germany to Russia. Think German specials. didn’t the service know about this? They most likely did not prevent this, because Russia was at war with Germany (and Germany should not be blamed for this, because aliager con aliager) They apparently hoped to suppress this later, after the victory, because they had problems with the Communists, but they themselves didn’t have enough strength (by the way, Pikul also has this). Those. similar to the color revolution scenario in an unfriendly state that is everywhere now.

            It’s necessary to blame the tsarist government that it was allowed and did not pay attention to the problems of the people (poverty, poor education, etc.) and the army, which was supposed to fight in Europe without special interests for Russia. But the Bolsheviks took advantage of this and, in my opinion, destroyed the country and plunged into the chaos of a bloody civil war. The consequences of this tragedy Russia is still reaping. This is especially noticeable in Western Europe.

            I also agree that it is useless to sprinkle ash on the head, time machines have not yet been invented either, so you just need to work for the future.
            1. vladimirZ
              vladimirZ 18 February 2017 08: 05
              +1
              But the Bolsheviks took advantage of this and, in my opinion, destroyed the country - go

              Dear go, re-read the history of the Russian revolution again. The February revolution took place without the participation of the Bolsheviks. They joined later.
              Lenin with the "comrades", among whom were not only the Bolsheviks, came through Germany, to already revolutionary Russia. By the way, very shortly before the February Revolution, Lenin said that our generation, unfortunately, would not be able to live up to revolutionary events, which once again proves the Bolsheviks did not participate in this bourgeois revolution.
              The Provisional Government, which came to power, failed to prevent the growing chaos and collapse of the state by effective social measures, and led Russia to the next acute political crisis, during which they lost the power that finally passed to the Soviets of Workers, Peasants, and Soldiers that existed in parallel with the Provisional Government. deputies.
              The fact that the state began to fall apart during the rule of the Provisional Government is no secret to anyone - pick up any history textbooks.
              The Bolsheviks, the Left Socialist-Revolutionaries simply seized the moment and seized power from the ineffective Provisional Government, making its arrest, and transferring power to the Congress of Workers', Peasants' and Soldiers' Deputies held that day. There were no armed clashes during this period with the troops of the Provisional Government, for lack of these. This was followed by the initial peaceful stage of Sovietization of Russia.
              It was not the Bolsheviks who unleashed the civil war, but the class of gentlemen who did not agree with the policies pursued by the Soviets, who immediately declared decrees on peace, land, a declaration of the working and exploited people, which can be read in various sources, including articles published in the military.
              The Bolsheviks managed to gather crumbling Russia into a new socially just state for all the peoples inhabiting Russia, the state of the USSR. And this is a fact that the current rulers did not say there “about a mortar that destroyed the USSR”, who did not want to talk about the true reasons for the collapse of the socialist state.
              And the last, V. Pikul is an interesting, fascinating writer of fiction, but one cannot study history from his books, he, like any other writer, considers history from his own individual point of view, with fictional artistic emotional images, in fictitious circumstances. For the study of history, there are documentary historical descriptions and chronicles written by specialists historians.
        2. cost
          cost 18 February 2017 05: 26
          +5
          strange, like the rank of lieutenant at that time in the Russian Navy was not. And in the photo he is clearly not “lieutenant” epaulets
          1. vladimirZ
            vladimirZ 18 February 2017 08: 14
            0
            strange, like the rank of lieutenant at that time in the Russian Navy was not. And in the photo he’s clearly not “lieutenant” epaulets - rich

            In the same Yandex search engine, find the military attributes of the royal navy. There you will find that the lieutenants were in the navy, and these shoulder straps were worn.
            1. cost
              cost 18 February 2017 08: 32
              +4
              Thank you, vladimirZ for help - climbed into Yandex, immediately fell:
              The retired captain of the second rank, Peter Schmidt, was the only known officer of the Russian fleet who joined the 1905-1907 revolution. To support the class approach and explain the transition of the nephew of Admiral General to the side of the revolution, Peter Schmidt was even "assigned" then the rank of junior naval officer - lieutenant. So, on November 14, 1905, V. I. Lenin wrote: “The uprising in Sevastopol is growing ... The command of the Ochakov was taken by the retired lieutenant Schmidt ...

              navy rank Lt. in 1905 existed only in the guards carriage
              https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Шмидт,_Пётр_Петрови
              ч
        3. Sergey S.
          Sergey S. 18 February 2017 11: 43
          +1
          Quote: bober1982
          From the Orthodox point of view, all these characters that you have listed are called demonic forces. They are very tenacious, and they haven’t gone anywhere, they have lurked, they are patiently waiting for their time. Once in fraternal Ukraine, they have a high point, they have climbed out.

          Sorry, but there is no "Orthodox point of view", there is an Orthodox image of a person - a strong, courageous, sensitive to someone else's misfortune, kind and aloof ...
          And those with points of view - worse than revolutionaries - are shaking the air, but they don’t do things ...

          After reckoning St. Nicholas the Bloody, I go to church only for funerals ...

          And the desire of the Russian Orthodox Church to take and ruin itself with mass events with smoking walls, the ancient temples restored with such difficulty, will soon be recognized as a crime against the people.
          This is the case of Isaac and the other possessions of mankind, which may soon lose once again artistic values.
          1. The comment was deleted.
      3. Sergey S.
        Sergey S. 18 February 2017 11: 28
        +1
        Quote: Alikos
        A schizophrenic and a psychopath with an exacerbated state of the disease with his behavior as a prostitute wife. Such villains and all kinds of moneylenders-traders on the money of the Zionist fascist mafia led a coup, and then staged a civil war and genocide of the Russian people

        I spoke once with the head of the neurological department .... A professional military doctor said that up to one fourth of us are schizophrenics, and the rest ... are neurosthenics.
        But what, I ask, are there no normal people?
        Answer: Yes! due to the imposition in some cases of the first to the second ...

        So, take part in the discussion ....
      4. Sergey S.
        Sergey S. 18 February 2017 11: 30
        +2
        Quote: Alikos
        A schizophrenic and a psychopath with an exacerbated state of the disease with his behavior as a prostitute wife. ...

        As for "I'm sorry. Tutki", I’m not sure of the authenticity of the story. But even the foregoing is in accordance with the mood in society at the end of the 19th century. This was written by Kuprin in The Pit.
        So this fact in a significant part of the Russian intelligentsia caused more enthusiasm than contempt or disgust.
      5. Sergey S.
        Sergey S. 18 February 2017 11: 31
        +1
        Quote: Alikos
        Such villains and all kinds of moneylenders-traders on the money of the Zionist fascist mafia led a coup, and then staged a civil war and genocide of the Russian people

        I will not write anything about revolutionary events.
        These are not past "crimes" of "ma.fii", but a high-precision textbook for a government official.

        If EBN had not been removed from power, internal antagonism would have spilled out ...
        V.V. Putin does what he can: he pushed the oligarchs a bit, normalizes the minimum wage, introduced personal responsibility for non-payment of wages, organizes direct feedback ...

        God forbid that bestial situations should not be repeated in Russia, and the people, in an effort to send to ... or punish ... should not nominate desperate people among the national leaders with bare feelings of justice and self-confidence.
    2. Uncle Murzik
      Uncle Murzik 19 February 2017 10: 13
      0
      Schmidt awards [edit | edit wiki text]!
      Medal "In memory of the reign of Emperor Alexander III", 1896.
      In May 1917, the Minister of War and Naval Affairs A.F. Kerensky laid on the Shmidt grave plate an officer cross of St. George. Kerensky was never a Communist! wassat
  2. Olgovich
    Olgovich 17 February 2017 07: 04
    +18
    A disgusting mentally abnormal, unhappy person, a thief, moreover, a coward who lived a life of patronage.

    Schmidt underwent a long treatment in the best mental clinics of the capital, including the famous Kalinkina. The wife, loudly declaring her husband's mental inferiority, again returned to the old shameful craft. And mentally ill Schmidt was left alone with a young son in his arms. At this time, he obsessed with the obsession to create a balloon and to fly with bombs to France. Why Schmidt wanted to bomb precisely Paris is not exactly known. However, this very idea of ​​acquiring pan-European fame, along with the idea of ​​re-educating prostitutes, was noted in his medical case.
    Transport "Irtysh" became part of the Second Pacific Squadron. Soon, an unparalleled transition of the squadron across three oceans began. “Irtysh” was sent along the shortened path through the Suez Canal and the Red Sea. Ahead was the uncertainty and the inevitable meeting with the much more powerful Japanese fleet. In Suez, Schmidt is suddenly discharged from the ship for everyone - he learned about the destruction of the port-Arthur squadron by the Japanese.

    After the uprising, he was removed from under the metal decking, paell, where he hid in the most shameful way. The unlucky commander already had a sailor robe, and he tried to impersonate a stoker who did not understand anything.

    Such a proclaimed "hero."
    1. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 17 February 2017 12: 29
      +6
      Quote: Olgovich
      After the uprising, he was removed from under the metal decking, paell, where he hid in the most shameful way. The unlucky commander already had a sailor robe, and he tried to impersonate a stoker who did not understand anything.

      Heh heh heh ... after the capture of the Spartak destroyer by the British in 1918, a member of the RVS Raskolnikov commanding the operation disguised as a stoker was discovered among the prisoners. The trend, however ... smile
  3. parusnik
    parusnik 17 February 2017 07: 36
    +6
    The business of the armed forces is to stand guard over their Fatherland, which must be protected regardless of the form of the existing system
    ..Through 12 years in February this did not happen .. Even the generals turned away from the existing system ..
    1. vladimirZ
      vladimirZ 18 February 2017 08: 42
      0
      Even the generals turned away from the existing system .. - parusnik

      Why so? Is it not because this system, the monarchy, got everyone "to the liver"?
      The slogan "The military should be out of politics" is false, invented by those in power, who want to protect themselves from "people with a gun."
  4. Kostya Andreev
    Kostya Andreev 17 February 2017 08: 00
    +7
    It is interesting to hear the objections of the Communists.
    And about how many heroes you can write the truth if you get rid of ideological patterns.
    1. Aviator_
      Aviator_ 17 February 2017 08: 57
      +8
      And what did he have to do with the Communists? Rather, to the anarchists than to the communists, despite his canonization in Soviet times, as a "fighter against tsarism."
    2. V.ic
      V.ic 17 February 2017 09: 16
      +4
      Quote: Kostya Andreev
      And about how many heroes you can write the truth if you get rid of ideological patterns.

      That's about Trotsky and write!
    3. Rastas
      Rastas 17 February 2017 19: 24
      +1
      Sorry, but in Soviet times, such bourgeois heroes as Wilhelm of Orange, Cromwell, Marat, Lincoln, Luther, Münzer, Garibaldi, were positively evaluated, not to mention the leaders of peasant wars, starting from Ancient Rome. But they were not communists.
  5. SMS
    SMS 17 February 2017 08: 20
    +7
    They did it very correctly that they were shot, traitor. "Hero" sucked from a finger.
    1. Fotoceva62
      Fotoceva62 17 February 2017 09: 30
      +4
      Nevertheless, Hero, unfortunately, there were no others among the then ruling class of Russia. The authorities did not draw conclusions from what had happened, which ended in renunciation, and by no means by October.
      1. Sergey S.
        Sergey S. 18 February 2017 12: 30
        +1
        Quote: Fotoceva62
        Nevertheless, Hero, unfortunately, there were no others among the then ruling class of Russia. The authorities did not draw conclusions from what had happened, which ended in renunciation, and by no means by October.


        It is important that the name of P.P. Schmitt is remembered for an orgomous number of people!
        They remember with enthusiasm, with reverence, with knowledge, legendary, mythical, with bitterness, with contempt, with hatred ...

        More than 110 years already know and remember.
        Judging by the situation in Russia and in the world, they will not allow to forget ...

        And let our stamped enemies rage!
  6. V.ic
    V.ic 17 February 2017 09: 18
    +3
    The authors of The Golden Calf have done the most to dispel the glory of "Lieutenant Schmidt"!
    1. Sergey S.
      Sergey S. 18 February 2017 12: 33
      +2
      Quote: V.ic
      The authors of The Golden Calf have done the most to dispel the glory of "Lieutenant Schmidt"!

      You are not right.
      According to the laws of advertising, any mention of a fact after a certain number of even negative reviews works for the object of criticism very positively.
  7. Fotoceva62
    Fotoceva62 17 February 2017 09: 24
    +13
    ... the man was highly excitable, previously underwent treatment in a hospital "for the nervous and mentally ill." His illness was expressed in unexpected bouts of irritability, turning into rage, followed by a tantrum with convulsions and rolling on the floor ...
    Adolf Aloizovich Hitler also loved this business, and even had a bite to eat on the carpet.
    Now seriously. Crunching rolls is not necessary, revolutions do not occur from scratch and the reason for these events is the same: boorish, vile, and disregard for the authorities holding to their country and PEOPLE! As for the Bolsheviks, they overthrew the usurpers who had betrayed the tsar and saved Russia from being divided by "enlightened" cannibals and allies. Open your eyes already, remove the noodles from your ears! About what kind of person was Petr Petrovich Schmidt
    many always knew in Sevastopol, this did not change the essence of the problem: an unfit tsar, a politician criminal in relation to his people.
    1. bober1982
      bober1982 17 February 2017 09: 35
      +4
      Now seriously. No crunching rolls. Everything - it began, they talked about crispy rolls, they were fastened for a long time - the main argument went.
    2. sergei1975
      sergei1975 17 February 2017 09: 42
      +7
      I want to add: Nicholas 2 stupidly lost the Russian-Japanese war, lost the fleet, lay down under the British, who cheated on him in 1904-1905 and entered into the 1st World War. angry
    3. captain
      captain 17 February 2017 12: 54
      +2
      Quotation Fotoceva62; ".... As for the Bolsheviks, they overthrew the usurpers who had betrayed the tsar and saved Russia from being" enlightened "cannibals and allies." Sir, well, do not drink a lot, this adversely affects your statements. If it’s not a secret, you at least know that Russia was divided in 1991 by just the followers of Lenin (Gorbachev, Kuchma, Yeltsin and other Bolshevik males). And now, instead of the USSR, it has become not even 15, but 17 of independent countries, many of which are under the patronage of the USA and the EU. Or do you still live in the USSR and have not noticed the changes? You exit the underground and look around a little bit.
      1. Fotoceva62
        Fotoceva62 17 February 2017 14: 36
        +6
        I drink as befits a sailor in pleporium, but I would not drink with you. Who told you that the scum you listed are Bolsheviks? You don’t need to drink, take care of the liver and turn on the head.
        1. Moor
          Moor 17 February 2017 17: 48
          +3
          Yes, you do not react to the ignoramus. Divorced talkers
      2. Moor
        Moor 17 February 2017 17: 43
        +5
        You apparently cannot separate the Communists from the members of the CPSU. The real Communists in all years had only one privilege - the first to stand up to the attack. Maybe that's why all the Communists were killed, and only MEMBERS remained.
        Quote: captain
        . If it’s not a secret, you at least know that Russia was divided in 1991 by just the followers of Lenin (Gorbachev, Kuchma, Yeltsin and other Bolshevik males). And now, instead of the USSR, it has become not even 15, but 17 of independent countries, many of which are under the patronage of the USA and the EU. Or do you still live in the USSR and have not noticed the changes? You exit the underground and look around a little bit.
        1. captain
          captain 17 February 2017 20: 31
          +2
          In Afghanistan, I was a company, then a battalion commander in the 108 IJM, in the 781 orb and 181 IJM .. I dare to assure you that the platoons were raised (if necessary) and most of them (the vast majority) were not Communists. Maybe everything was different for you? Where did you fight? I’m not saying that all communists are cowards, but to throw such phrases; "Real communists have had only one privilege in all years - to be the first to attack." I consider an insult to all soldiers and officers not communists. During the war years, about 600 thousand platoons perished in the Soviet army (very many, if not most, were not 18 years old, that is, they could not become communists by definition). And political workers of all categories, from the political officer of a company to a member of the Military Council of the front, 93. thousand. In the company there were 3 rifle and one machine-gun platoon, one political officer per rifle company, count how many of them (political officers) were supposed to die, like 150.tys. According to the front-line soldiers, the platoons were raised in the attack. By the way, during the war years there were 5 million members of the CPSU and, which is typical, 2.5 million were in the army. Cinema and reality are two different things. Propaganda she was, is and will be.
          1. vladimirZ
            vladimirZ 18 February 2017 08: 26
            +2
            captain, on your example once again I am convinced that you have poorly laid true political knowledge in military schools. They were more involved in chastising, boredom, fighting off the notions of the essence of the socialist system, because many of you professional military men later supported criminal criminal Yeltsin, who committed the coup in 1991-93, and shot the Supreme Legislature of the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation.
      3. Sergey S.
        Sergey S. 18 February 2017 12: 42
        +1
        Quote: captain
        that Russia was divided in 1991, just the followers of Lenin

        And in 1917, Russia was gouged by friends from the circle of Nicholas the Bloody ?????

        Does your logic suit you?
    4. Sergey S.
      Sergey S. 18 February 2017 12: 39
      +1
      Quote: Fotoceva62
      in Sevastopol, many have always known, this is not the essence of the problem

      Bravo!
      Bravo to Sevastopol.
      I was personally convinced that the name of P.P. Schmidt in Sevastopol is remembered.

      In fact, in 2014 the idea came up to move the capital of Russia to Sevastopol.
      And entrust the choice of the Russian government to Sevastopol.
  8. sergei1975
    sergei1975 17 February 2017 09: 38
    +1
    It is a pity there is no Schmidt on the Ukrainian flagship in Odessa. That would have been firing.
  9. Schultz
    Schultz 17 February 2017 09: 45
    +2
    In those glorious times, when such traitors to the fleet and the Motherland were still put on the wall by such diseases as Louis were treated not in the police department, but in homes for the insane. It is quite possible, given Schmidt’s burden of unrestrained spouse, that the general diagnosis of a “fleet commander” can be corrected for post-syphilitic psychosis.
  10. Medium
    Medium 17 February 2017 10: 50
    +6
    vladimirZ: "What is behind this? A specific order of the current capitalist authorities, in solidarity with the old monarchist system? Or the initiative of individual supporters of monarchism-capitalism?"

    This is also possible. However, given that such topics unambiguously go into the phase of the battle between the “bakeries" and the "Bolsheviks" and collect a decent amount of visits - this may be the order of the site owners. Very much such topics regularly appear.
    1. Fotoceva62
      Fotoceva62 17 February 2017 11: 59
      +4
      The owners of the site have their own interests, and what is criminal? Normal site, not the last. And they are topics from life. Many of those who hold power are asleep and see the transformation of the people into a silent, illiterate herd and the transformation of Russia into the Romanov swamp of the 1900_x type. As for the civil war, then they will arrange it, look at dill.
      1. Alexey RA
        Alexey RA 17 February 2017 12: 41
        +6
        Hmmm ... it’s hard to find better examples for discrediting the ideas of monarchism than Madame Kirby and Sovereign Emperor Gogi. smile
        1. bober1982
          bober1982 17 February 2017 13: 08
          0
          ...... the best examples to discredit the ideas of monarchism ....
          The guys work competently, I mean those who are promoting this topic, with anperators They warm the evil instincts of people.
          1. Alexey RA
            Alexey RA 17 February 2017 17: 54
            +4
            Quote: bober1982
            The guys are working competently, I mean those who are promoting this topic, with the anperators. They are heated by the evil instincts of people.

            You see what’s the matter ... in order to turn people away from the idea of ​​a monarchy with the Kirillovichs, you don’t need to work. You can do with them in the same way as with our opposition - just show. Even without comment. smile
            How was it ... the best campaign for Putin are live broadcasts of speeches by our opposition ©
  11. Taoist
    Taoist 17 February 2017 11: 39
    +9
    Regardless of personal qualities, but as an officer’s act is uniquely negative. Even in Soviet times (by the way, I served in Ochakovo and, as they say, visited places of events), the figure of Schmidt in the officer corps evoked nothing but contempt.
    1. vladimirZ
      vladimirZ 17 February 2017 14: 57
      +5
      Lieutenant P. Schmidt, for all his shortcomings, took the side of the rebellious sailors - a people dressed in military uniforms, for which he was honored, praised and had a long memory.
      And so, negatively perceiving P. Schmidt, the officers, in the period of the collapse of the USSR, in their overwhelming majority betrayed their people, who had been sworn to before, taking the coup for granted.
      So, it is not necessary to write about contempt for the Man who has joined the ranks of the people who have risen up against injustice. The officers who betrayed their people in 1991-93 deserve great contempt.
      1. Terner38
        Terner38 17 February 2017 18: 28
        +4
        Schmidt did not "side", but was one of the organizers of the rebellion, or rather, he was the "Zits chairman", a narcissistic pawn in the wrong hands.
      2. Rivares
        Rivares 17 February 2017 19: 18
        +1
        Quote: vladimirZ
        Lieutenant P. Schmidt, for all his shortcomings, took the side of the rebellious sailors - a people dressed in military uniforms, for which he was honored, praised and had a long memory.

        Shelling of Russian cities, piracy on an armadillo, treason. By the way, according to the rebellious sailors, some of them escaped from the hero, while the other joyfully gave evidence and actively cooperated with the investigation. The rebellious sailors are a big myth; several armed with Nagans kept them there.
        1. vladimirZ
          vladimirZ 17 February 2017 20: 14
          0
          Risen sailors are a big myth - Rivares


          Funny you, Rivares. In your opinion, and the whole history of revolutionary events in Russia is also a myth?
          The revolutionary events recognized in all historical science, including the Black Sea Fleet, are historical reality for all, and for you the “revolutionaries” in this science are a myth.
          Well do not make people laugh.
        2. Sergey S.
          Sergey S. 18 February 2017 12: 57
          +2
          Quote: Rivares
          Shelling of Russian cities, piracy on an armadillo, treason.

          And the chapel of the XII century ruined ...

          If you float the event so much, do not get involved in the discussion.
          Look enemy P.P. Schmidt was either stoned, not studying at school, or fooled sectarians with a single mantra.
      3. Sergey S.
        Sergey S. 18 February 2017 12: 54
        +2
        Quote: vladimirZ
        So, it is not necessary to write about contempt for the Man who has joined the ranks of the people who have risen up against injustice. The officers who betrayed their people in 1991-93 deserve great contempt.

        I consider it necessary to divide.
        1991 - there was general popular insanity. But fatal steps have not yet been taken. The army, in separate units, tried to defend the USSR — now in the Baltic states the most decent are being dismantled.
        Boiled for too long ...
        In 1993, there was a betrayal - in the army there were scoundrels who shot at the Supreme Council - the Supreme State Authority. Moreover, both in law and in concept, the defenders of the Supreme Council are defamed Heroes of Russia.
        That's just the media still do not understand the evidence, but the rich bucks have sense organs blocked ...
    2. ism_ek
      ism_ek 19 February 2017 08: 18
      +1
      Do you think that the signs should be returned to the entrances to the parks - "Do not drive dogs, entry is forbidden to lower ranks"
  12. RomanRVV
    RomanRVV 17 February 2017 14: 09
    +1
    There is a very clever version of the involvement of the British in these events. The argument, among other things, included such moments as the novelty of Ochakova and Potemkin, and therefore they were chosen as objects for rebellion with possible subsequent destruction by both the rebels themselves and the government in the event of a clash.
    1. Terner38
      Terner38 17 February 2017 17: 15
      0
      More than agree with this version. Since the chronology is not always observed in the events of the "historians". in order to confuse the facts. And at first it was that Schmidt lowered the ship's treasury, then he was found by the corresponding citizens of foreign states. And only then he abruptly became a fiery fighter against the regime, having previously returned the money that had come from somewhere and did not fall into court. And the result is the lost, disfigured latest “Ochakov” and hundreds of lives of Russian fooled sailors.
      1. Sergey S.
        Sergey S. 18 February 2017 13: 22
        +2
        Quote: Terner38
        More than agree with this version. Since the chronology is not always observed in the events of the "historians". in order to confuse the facts. And at first it was that Schmidt lowered the ship's treasury, then he was found by the corresponding citizens of foreign states. And only then he abruptly became a fiery fighter against the regime, having previously returned the money that had come from somewhere and did not fall into court. And the result is the lost, disfigured latest “Ochakov” and hundreds of lives of Russian fooled sailors.

        And you try to create something similar alone, and the personal result was hardly planned to really happen.

        In reality, P.P. Schmidt knew that the uprising was doomed, he did not agree at once, only from the understanding that the sailors needed help.
        Initially, he understood personal doom, I suppose, hoping for a Miracle.
        As far as I remember the story of the older generation, "Ochakov" was at the factory, there were no locks in 152-mm guns, he stood motionless - he was the target ...
        When the Ochakov became a torch, sailors jumped into the water and sailed to the shores of the bay.
        They were met by ranks of soldiers to defeat fire ...
        Witnesses were horrified by what had happened.

        To the readers of Nicholas the bloody question:
        Even if P.P. Schmidt is a traitor, why did the sailors indiscriminately, the bases of the court, without compassion and understanding - almost all under the fire?

        Even if P.P. Schmidt betrayed something, then his executioners are an abomination from an abomination.
        And how many of their ideological followers do not try to eradicate the memory of the people of the fighters for the freedom and honor of the common man, they will not succeed.
        The nature of Russian people will not allow.
        Here, some people remember about UKR.
        If about this, then Sunday P.P. Schmitt in 2013 - would now be next to Z. Prilepin, or maybe Slavyansk and Lisichansk would be kept ...
        1. Alexey RA
          Alexey RA 20 February 2017 10: 26
          +1
          Quote: Sergey S.
          As far as I remember the story of the older generation, "Ochakov" was at the factory, there were no locks in 152-mm guns, he stood motionless - he was the target ...

          Locks of guns on the Ochakovo were. The cruiser even shot back, firing at the same time, however, no more than 6 shots.
          There were no locks on the Panteleimon.
          Belatedly, the order of P. P. Schmidt on the delivery of castles and shells for the Panteleimon from the port - he remained completely in an unfit condition.
          (...)
          “Ochakov” and “Panteleimon” all this time remained in their places - the cruiser anchored against the Artillery Bay (at the top of an equilateral triangle with the capes of Nakhimovskaya and Mikhailovskaya batteries in the corners), the battleship - on a deviation barrel, a little further into the Bolshoi bays. The threat of destruction hung over these ships and anchored near the Ochakova by the Griden mines cruiser, destroyers 265, 268, 270, the bold Smely and Aquarius-2 boats (near the Panteleimon side). But even in these last hours, despite remaining until 15 o’clock. communication with the division, the rebels, in addition to belated attempts to deliver shells, coal and food to the ships, did absolutely nothing to turn the tide in their favor.
          (...)
          But the rebels practically never made any attempts either to transfer the headquarters of the uprising under the protection of the mighty armor of Panteleimon, or to strengthen its crew at the expense of the dedicated devotees of the uprising - commandants and machine servants, and then put into operation its tools (by transferring the missing for them details from “Ochakova”) or, finally, give him a move so that, at point-blank range, he will surely hit enemy ships with torpedoes and send them to the bottom with the most powerful ram ram invulnerable to enemies of the latest battleship.
          (...)
          The captured officers heard the order of P. P. Schmidt: “Commandors, to the guns!”, Sensed the movement of the ammunition supply system that had come into action, and then heard several cruiser shots fired in response to the fire opened by the fortress batteries and the gunboat “Terets”.
          How many shots were fired from Ochakova? Comparing all the extremely few evidence, we can conclude that no more than six. Whether it was the execution of an order, the result of the haste and lack of training of personnel, or some other reasons unknown to us, but not a single hit was recorded on the ships of the government squadron.
          © R.M. Melnikov. The cruiser "Ochakov".
    2. Sergey S.
      Sergey S. 18 February 2017 13: 08
      +1
      Quote: RomanRVV
      There is a very clever version of the involvement of the British in these events. The argument, among other things, included such moments as the novelty of Ochakova and Potemkin, and therefore they were chosen as objects for rebellion with possible subsequent destruction by both the rebels themselves and the government in the event of a clash.

      I am reading this version for the first time.
      About Ochakova - there was no newness in him. The ship was built according to the type of the Bogatyr cruiser, which was built for the Baltic Fleet in Germany. But the Bogatyr issued more than 24 knots in tests, and the same Russian-built cruisers of Russian construction - about 23 knots.
      "The squadron battleship Prince Potemkin of the Tavtic" was built according to a special project for the Black Sea Fleet. Unlike the Baltic armadillos and ships of other countries, the Russian Black Sea armadillos had enhanced armor, but due to the weakness of cars and boilers, the ships had a speed of about 2 knots less.
      So for the British, these ships were of no interest - they were already working on the Dreadnought ...
  13. Fagelov
    Fagelov 17 February 2017 16: 51
    +5
    P.P. Schmidt-figure is ambiguous, as, however, any living person. There are minuses and pluses. If you read the letters P.P. Schmidt to Zinaida Riesberg, you understand that it was a great writer. Perhaps in his face we lost a great writer. There are other, unfortunately, sad facts. During the training in the Marine Corps, Peter was accused of theft of trifles from a cadet overcoat. A foggy story with a loss, if memory serves, 3 thousand state rubles. The purse allegedly fell out of the back pocket of trousers while riding a bicycle. I had to urgently borrow from relatives, return the lost. But his speeches made in Sevastopol at the funeral of victims of revolutionary actions and in court made him the idol of the crowd. Hysteria, nerves? They talk about too subtle nature, not intended for the service of the king. Literary activity, playing the cello. law practice would probably be more suitable for an unlucky officer. But what happened, then passed, can not be fixed. The oath cannot be canceled, the execution is logical.
  14. Alexander Greene
    Alexander Greene 17 February 2017 22: 42
    +4
    This is necessary, how much nasty things have come up about Lieutenant P.P. Schmidte. And crazy, and unbalanced, and a traitor, and a petty thief who stole money from the ship's cash desk from the sailors and ultimately changed the oath.

    All this is a vile lie. Such a person could not steal money from sailors. Those who negatively relate to the revolution, all negatively relate to Schmidt, they pick up any monstrous lie, and even threw it into the media so much that they can’t be scooped up.

    Peter Schmidt was distinguished by eccentricity of thinking, versatile interests, love of music and poetry. He was an idealist - he was abhorrent by the cruel morals that reigned at that time in the royal fleet. The beatings of the lower ranks, the "stick" discipline seemed to Peter Schmidt monstrous. Because of this, he had conflicts with colleagues. Tired of this, P. Schmidt, citing "nervous disease", resigned. Subsequently, P.P. Schmidt will be hinted at the mental problems of the officer, although at that time in the noble society there was a fashion for nervous diseases.

    Schmidt was not a Bolshevik, he called himself a socialist, dreamed of a perfect society, where there was no humiliation and exploitation of man by man, but he was most likely a liberal monarchist, because he enthusiastically met the royal manifesto of October 17, 1905, guaranteeing "unshakable the foundations of civil liberty on the basis of the actual inviolability of the individual, freedom of conscience, speech, assembly and unions. ”

    P.P. Schmidt was delighted - his dreams of a new, more just structure of Russian society began to be realized. He ends up in Sevastopol and takes part in a rally at which he calls for the release of political prisoners languishing in a local prison. The crowd goes to prison and comes under fire from government forces. 8 people were killed, more than fifty were injured.

    For Schmidt, this becomes a deep shock and he plunges into political work, he knows the whole of Sevastopol, and when the uprising broke out on the cruiser “Ochakov” and part of the ships supported him, the sailors invited Schmidt to command the fleet.
    He understood that the Ochakov was unarmed, there was no ammunition on the ships supporting it, that the uprising was doomed to failure. But he accepted the proposal of the revolutionary committee and sailors. It was a matter of honor for him to agree to this proposal: who if not me ...

    PS Who cares what lieutenant P.P. Schmidt actually watch the video at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bJQNnmedUhk
    1. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 20 February 2017 10: 32
      +1
      Schmidt was not a Bolshevik, he called himself a socialist, dreamed of a perfect society, where there was no humiliation and exploitation of man by man, but he was most likely a liberal monarchist, because he enthusiastically met the royal manifesto of October 17, 1905, guaranteeing "unshakable the foundations of civil liberty on the basis of the actual inviolability of the individual, freedom of conscience, speech, assembly and unions. ”
      P.P. Schmidt was delighted - his dreams of a new, fairer structure of Russian society are beginning to be realized

      Well, just the angel in the flesh.
      And here’s what they wrote about Schmidt’s plans in the 1986 Soviet book:
      In his address to the captured officers delivered to Ochakov, P. P. Schmidt spoke of plans for widespread active actions, including the construction of batteries on the Perekop Isthmus, in order to cut off the Crimea from Russia and demand that the Tsar convene a Constituent Assembly. He stated that he would starve the hostage officers, seeking the release of sailors arrested by the authorities on the shore; that he would hang the officers in turn on Ochakovo in response to the beating of the inhabitants of the city by the Cossacks and for the sinking of the boat that went to Ochakovo by Tertz ...
      © Melnikov R. M. Cruiser "Ochakov".
      1. Alexander Greene
        Alexander Greene 21 February 2017 00: 32
        +1
        Quote: Alexey RA

        1
        Alexey RA Today, 10:32 ↑
        Schmidt was not a Bolshevik, he called himself a socialist, dreamed of a perfect society, where there was no humiliation and exploitation of man by man, but he was most likely a liberal monarchist, because he enthusiastically met the royal manifesto of October 17, 1905, guaranteeing "unshakable the foundations of civil liberty on the basis of the actual inviolability of the individual, freedom of conscience, speech, assembly and unions. ”
        P.P. Schmidt was delighted - his dreams of a new, fairer structure of Russian society are beginning to be realized

        Well, just the angel in the flesh.
        And here’s what they wrote about Schmidt’s plans in the 1986 Soviet book:


        In his book "The Cruiser" Ochakov "Melnikov cited what was recorded by the tsarist investigators in the investigative documents of the process, and it was very important to distort the picture and compromise the actions of P.P. Schmidt in order to somehow justify the punishers and their brutal suppression of the uprising .
  15. Alexander Greene
    Alexander Greene 17 February 2017 22: 49
    +3
    Gentlemen, haters Pyotr Petrovich Schmidt, and how do you assess the uprising at the Watchdog BOD in 1975 in the Baltic Fleet under the leadership of Captain 3rd Rank V.M. Sablina?
    Is he a hero for you — he opposed the Soviet power, or is a traitor — the fleet out of politics — should any state serve?
    1. The comment was deleted.
      1. Alexander Greene
        Alexander Greene 17 February 2017 23: 26
        +4
        Quote: Medium
        The fact that he did not regret himself, his problem, he framed people.


        First of all, who are you to judge a person who has put his life on the altar of the people's struggle for a decent life.
        Secondly, do you really think that one person can raise a rebellion?
        The uprising was raised by the sailors, and invited Schmidt to command them, and he, understanding that the uprising was doomed, did not leave the sailors alone and was with them to the end, and at the trial he took all the blame. This is a feat, but you probably don’t understand this, if you are scattered with such estimates.
        1. Medium
          Medium 17 February 2017 23: 41
          +2
          You will learn before you write, read. My comment refers to the Watchdog BOD and Captry Sablin. And twist your couch with a bedsore softer thinly into a tube and insert deeply - deeply, since what I know about the responsibility for the lives entrusted to you is not from the articles on the site.
        2. Niccola Mack
          Niccola Mack 18 February 2017 13: 32
          +1
          First of all, who are you to judge a person who has put his life on the altar of the people's struggle for a decent life.

          These are complex questions for unambiguous judgments.
          Let’s say, in 1969, Ilyin made an attempt on Brezhnev, knowing that he would definitely be put to the wall. When Andropov interrogated him - he said very serious things -
          He was critical of the system of party power that existed in the USSR, argued in particular that the Komsomol had outlived itself, and condemned the invasion of Czechoslovakia,

          As a result, he killed an innocent man, wounded the second, and nearly killed the astronaut Beregovoy.
          But he didn’t get into the mainstream - neither then, nor in the 90th - they wrote him insane and locked him in a psychiatric hospital.
          But Savchenko - hit.
          Who is who?
      2. Alexander Greene
        Alexander Greene 17 February 2017 23: 34
        +3
        Medium, I’m sorry, I didn’t understand your comment at first, and I thought that you had expressed your opinion about P.P.Schmidt, and this is you about Sablin.

        I also do not consider the captain of the 3rd rank Sablin a hero, but friendly advice - do not stoop to such ratings, they will respect you more.
  16. ism_ek
    ism_ek 19 February 2017 07: 10
    +1
    How time changes ... A year ago there was an article by Peter Schmidt .... https://topwar.ru/92508-petr-shmidt-revolyucioner
    -s-ochakova.html
  17. vladimirZ
    vladimirZ 20 February 2017 08: 29
    0
    Rivares,
    You look closely at the Russian pre-Christian worldviews, about which historians shout with trained voices that they weren’t. - Rivares

    I do not want to offend you, Rivares, but to look for a solution to the modern problems of the social structure of mankind, in prehistoric chronicles, well, it’s not serious.
    From the cognitive point of view, from the point of view of the historical chronicle of human society, it is necessary and useful, but nothing more.
    The development of the social structure of human society, of all nationalities, is of the same type and no national specificity of this or that nation affects its fundamental principles.
    It affects only one, the stage of development of a particular community. For example, some lost tribe of the same Indians in the jungle of Brazil can still live according to the laws of the Stone Age, but even that, under the inevitable influence of modern human culture, is changing, drawing closer to modernity.
  18. Fagelov
    Fagelov April 10 2017 08: 08
    0
    [Alexander Green: In his book "The Cruiser" Ochakov, "Melnikov cited what was recorded by the tsarist investigators in the investigative documents of the process, and it was very important to distort the picture and compromise the actions of P.P. Schmidt in order to somehow justify the punishers and their brutal crackdown]
    Tsarist investigators were professionals. They knew their job. They approached the investigation responsibly, especially in political processes. The facts collected by them quite convincingly reveal the essence of P.P. Schmidt.