Shadow of Peter

The biographical portrait of Alexander Menshikov is very ambiguous. Some argue that this politician and the permanent leader of the king was a commoner, others consider him a little-known Belarusian nobleman. Most historians are inclined to believe that Alexander Danilovich was the son of a rootless groom who sold the boy to the cakeman. After a long stay in the house of his master, who highly appreciated and loved Alexashka, the child found himself in the service of the famous German Lefort. Presumably it was in the settlement that Alexander Danilovich received his upbringing, which helped him so much in the future. Menshikov lived an amazing life, having undergone many hardships, being in the service of countless gentlemen, he went to the first steps of government.

The all-powerful prince met Peter Alekseevich on the bank of the river during the years of the tsar's youth. It was Menshikov who initiated the king's first visit to the German settlement, where the first meeting with Anna Mons took place. In the period of the young Tsar’s stormy and passionate love affair, Alexashka was a messenger and tied up lovers, bringing correspondence and organizing dates. It was during this period that Alexander Danilovich deserved the trust and respect of Peter I. The tsar’s marriage to the young Lopukhina, the reproaches of Natalia Naryshkina, and even the moral of the patriarch could not prevent the pimping. Not in the most positive way Menshikov sheds light on his participation in intrigues, but it would be senseless to deny such behavior. Alexander Danilovich successfully manipulated the tsar, which, by the way, did not prevent him from loving his royal friend. Among endless drunkenness and crazy entertainment, during which a considerable number of noble families suffered and countless noble maidens were disgraced, amazing devotion and mutual sympathy between the head of state and the rootless boy from the Moscow shopping area was formed. The night fights of the king, none of which were carried out without the agile Alexashki, terrified decent noblemen and boyar houses. Many types of amusements were cruel and perverted, caused by excessive alcoholic libations. As the king and his faithful servant grew older, the fun turned into a reform activity, which also could not do without human sacrifice. However, unlike Peter 1, Menshikov never liked to watch human suffering, he had a healthier psyche. Nevertheless, neither the king’s addiction to self-participation in torture and torture, nor Peter’s active, almost fanatical interest in the process of depriving a person of life, did not arouse disgust in him. So, for example, Alexashka, silently and obediently, suffered both violence against the archers, and the execution of Tsarevich Alexei, and the cruelest mockery of the disgraced Lopukhina Glebov, and other bloody sanctions of his friend. Menshikov took cruelty for granted and did not try to fight him, but according to the stories of his contemporaries he did not take a special initiative in this kind of activity. In defense of Peter, it should be mentioned that terrible and inhuman punishment was the norm of that time.

During the period of Sophia's power, it was Menshikov who saved the young sovereign from the conspiracy and helped him to take refuge in the Trinity-Sergius monastery. The friendship between Alexander Danilovich and Peter 1 was sincere, because even in the most difficult moments Menshikov remained loyal to his sovereign, calling him nothing less than “min hertz”, which in German means “my heart”.

Historians' data on Alexashka’s complete illiteracy raises reasonable doubts, since this even a clever commoner who did not have any education and traded baked goods with rabbit on the Moscow market, could become an important figure in the political arena and easily communicated with European ambassadors in several languages . The official explanation for this fact is the high appreciation of Menshikov's natural abilities, as well as his ability to flatter and please the king. However, such an explanation comes up against multiple contradictions.

First, Peter Alekseevich was a very mischievous child, disobedient, but educated, hardly an illiterate boy could interest him for a long time. Secondly, Alexander Danilovich managed to occupy the position of generalissimo and did an excellent job with his duties, which is impossible to do without training. Thirdly, Menshikov had considerable connections, and an illiterate person could not possess either eloquence or diplomatic skills. In addition, during the period of his service at the court, Alexander Danilovich made a tremendous fortune, although the facts of his theft were revealed by Peter quite seldom. It is possible to agree with historians that the meeting between Alexashka and Peter was accidental, but a successful career without adequate training and education is not explained only by natural flair and flattery. Attention should be paid to the notes of A.S. Pushkin, in which he argues that history about the trade in cakes, they invented envious boyars, but in reality Menshikov came from an unknown noble family. This statement is quite likely, since there is evidence that Alexander Danilovich during his state activity was interested in a certain noble estate in Belarus.

The official history, describing this great personality, is silent about some interesting facts of his biography. It should be noted that, besides the main vice of theft, Menshikov also possessed a voluptuousness, which ensured the hostility of a huge number of noble and worthy husbands. According to some information, Menshikov was even connected with Catherine, whom Pyotr Alekseevich so idolized. Interestingly, among the huge number of temptations and temptations associated with government activities and wealth, Alexander Danilovich was quite calm about alcohol. Drinking alcohol was never painful, which cannot be said about Peter.
Alexander Danilovich Menshikov - statesman and military leader, the first Russian generalissimo. Menshikov was among the closest associates of Peter I. In the hands of Alexander Danilovich was concentrated a huge power, which he often used for his own purposes. After the accession to the throne of Peter II, Menshikov was close to the regency, and on May 13 of the year 1727 was granted a generalissimo. Later, he was suspended from business, charged with treason and embezzlement of public funds, exiled to Birch, where he died.

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  1. 755962
    21 January 2012 11: 16
    The “semi-power lord”, in the words of Pushkin, the “child of the heart” of the tsar (as Peter called him in his letters to him) was a terrible bribe taker and embezzler. But he also fought a lot!
    1. +7
      21 January 2012 15: 25
      he was a terrible bribe taker and embezzler. But he fought quite a lot! --- if our current power supporters, oligarchs, and officials did at least 50% do what he and his comrades-in-arms did for the country ------ then hell would with embezzlement. alas, everyone is stealing in the same west! but our current goats learned and developed only one thing - steal !!! therefore they are bastards, and he is a patriot and a hero of the country. it's my opinion!!! fellow
      1. 755962
        21 January 2012 15: 37
        I respect and completely agree!
      2. German
        21 January 2012 16: 48
        I completely agree!!!!
      3. predator
        22 January 2012 00: 05
        in the Poltava battle, Menshikov commanded cavalry, at the crossing across the Dnieper captured the remainder of the Swedish army about 20 thousand people.
  2. Strabo
    21 January 2012 13: 35
    I don't know what the author wanted to say with this article. However, the history that has been strenuously crammed into us since the Bolshevik times is time to pass in the trash. I personally completely agree with the version that Peter 1 was "substituted" and his double was very different from the "original". You can find more than 10 differences between them. From age to bad Russian after a trip to Europe. This is where the love for executions and drunkenness comes from, and the unexpected skill for boarding fights. And Menshikov, and his surname sounds different, most likely was Masson and an accomplice in replacing the tsar. This is a very large layer of history that we still have to comprehend.
    1. +2
      21 January 2012 15: 42
      This is the version of Academician N. Levashov, which has been intensely awakened recently, even a small film "Peter and Peter" was made. N Levashov is trying to "restore the past of Russia. for many thousands of years playing a key role in the development of terrestrial civilization, which was originally a colony created on planet Earth by a large association of humanoid civilizations.-quote, by the way, puts forward his candidacy for the election of the President of the Russian Federation, but he was denied registration
      Given the finding N.The. Levashov outside Russia from 1995 to 2006, the CEC, referring to the Constitution of the Russian Federation, Article 81 (Part 2), did not recognize N.V. Levashova a person who has been resident in the Russian Federation for at least 10 years. Although in the submitted information N.V. Levashov indicated a period of his permanent residence in the Russian Federation - 37 years, which corresponds to article 81 (part 2) of the Constitution of the Russian Federation that "a citizen of the Russian Federation no younger than 35 years old, permanently residing in the Russian Federation for at least 10 years" may be elected as the President of the Russian Federation. The CEC, guided by the same article, interpreted it to deny registration.
      He is the author of the book "Russia in Crooked Mirrors" where this version was published. His website is
      Also, this version is based on such arguments (version of A. Martynenko) The coming of the Antichrist was expected in 1666, and when it was not fulfilled, they began to consider 1666 not from the birth of Christ, but from His Resurrection, that is, in 1699 [1666 + 33 = 1699 ]. A few days before the onset of this year ... Peter returned from his overseas trip [in those days, the new year began on September 1] ...

      IMHO, just as his actions are ambiguous, the personality of this man is also ambiguous - but do not forget the results of his reign - the transformation of Russia into a great world power from the periphery of the Moscow kingdom
    2. 0
      22 January 2012 09: 47
      Quote: Strabo
      Menshikov, and his last name sounds different, most likely was Masson

      How much you can carry this nonsense, it seems that the Jews themselves advertise with these Masonic tales so that they are not stupidly forgotten about them and they do not become famous at the Mongol level, because they are approximately equal in number, Jews do not even have as much in nature as they attribute to them, and they ascribe most of themselves to themselves, because boredom is their national trait and not conspiracies
    3. 0
      23 January 2012 02: 16
      Can you give sources, and concrete facts that your arguments are correct?
    4. 0
      23 January 2012 02: 29
      Oooooooo! How it all starts ...
  3. ab
    21 January 2012 13: 48
    Quote: Strabo
    I personally completely agree with the version that Peter 1 was "substituted" and his counterpart was very different from the "original". You can find more than 10 differences between them. From age to bad Russian after a trip to Europe. This is where the love for executions and booze comes from, and the unexpected skill for boarding fights. And Menshikov, and his surname sounds different, most likely was Masson and an accomplice in replacing the tsar. This is a very large layer of history that we still have to comprehend.
    Who is substituted and why. Further, if it is replaced, then what the original should be better than a double and how the history of Russia would have developed without substitution. If Menshikov is a masson, then there could not have been a Jewish conspiracy. Jews put Peter on the throne,?! All the same, Strabo should probably drink some medicine (the psychiatrist knows which ones) But the idea is interesting.
    1. Strabo
      21 January 2012 18: 59
      Especially for ab - you "bear" a resident of Israel only needs kosher matzah hawala, but there is no more mind for more. DO NOT powder your brains. If you don’t know, let me remind you that foreigners wrote history for Russia. And that during the reign of the false Peter, 20 million Russians were destroyed.
      After returning from the Great Embassy to Moscow, during which the real Peter I was replaced with a not-so-successful double, his active work begins, and the activity is clearly not in the interests of the Russian people. False Peter introduced the Julian calendar on the lands of Moscow Tartaria, as a result of which Summer 7208 from SMZH turned into 1700 from the year of Christianity. That is, Russia has lost its history. You a Jew, of course, like this, but we Russians do not HERE THIS IS A BIG DIFFERENCE.
  4. +4
    21 January 2012 22: 48
    Quote: Strabo
    I don't know what the author wanted to say with this article. However, the history that has been strenuously crammed into us since the Bolshevik times is time to pass in the trash. I personally completely agree with the version that Peter 1 was "substituted" and his double was very different from the "original".

    If so, then replaced it successfully for us. After the substitution, this substitute Peter defeated the Swedes near Poltava, ended the Northern War, built a fleet in the Baltic and a new city.

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