What Western air attack means will be the first to disappear into the “Field” of the Russian EW?

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The command post of one field-of-field interference system “Field-21” can control 100 antenna post interference transmitters. Each transmitting post has an 125 emission sector of degrees in azimuth and 25 degrees in elevation. The existing dimensions of the suppression zone of the P-340РП single-post antennas are 150х150 km, but after an increase in power, they may expand. One computerized post control station has a power of about 600 W


Legends have been circulating about the unique qualities of domestic electronic warfare systems, as well as about the combat capabilities of air defense systems. And these legends are quite justified by the events that occurred during the wars in Vietnam, Iraq and Yugoslavia, when dozens of Phantoms, Stratofortresses were shot down, and then even such thoughtful "predators" as the inconspicuous F-117A "Nighthawk" intercepted Yugoslavia, and destroyed by the "Wasps" and "Shilka" over Iraq "Tomahawks." As for the direct electronic warfare, the last sensational incident occurred in the Syrian company immediately after the deployment of the Russian Air Force at the Khmeimim airbase. In early October 2015, the Krasuha-4 mobile electronic warfare system was delivered to its vicinity, which, together with the S-400 Triumph air defense system, literally closed the airspace over the northwestern part of the Syrian Arab Republic for tactical flights aviation Turkish Air Force and NATO Air Force. “Kraukha-4” supplemented “Triumph” with the ability to completely suppress the proper operation of the on-board radio equipment of the coalition strike aircraft, which could attempt to break through at low altitude.



The incident so perplexed General Frank Gorenk, the US Air Force commander in Europe, that he hurried to alert the alliance about the ability of the Russian Armed Forces to implement the most advanced Western strategic concept of restricting and prohibiting access and maneuver "A2 / AD", which NATO has been unsuccessfully trying to apply for a long time against the Russian Armed Forces in Eastern Europe. But the width of air corridors, from which a massive strike is possible with NATO’s strategic naval and air-launched cruise missiles, often exceeds the airspace covered by EW ground resources of our country. And as you know, the flight of the enemy’s missiles and aviation in the low-altitude air defense breakthrough mode virtually eliminates the capabilities of any ground-based EW complex at a distance of more than 30-40 km due to the concept of radio horizon. This is ordinary physics, against which no terrestrial radio-electronic countermeasures will strike. And there is also a relief that complicates the situation even more. The presence of aircraft of electronic warfare in the zone of breakthrough of a certain section of the air direction depends solely on the tactical air situation, i.e. they may not be at the crucial moment. The only solution may be as follows.

It is necessary to create a dense network of ground-based electronic countermeasure complexes, both mobile on a wheeled chassis and stationary, located on urban and industrial infrastructure, including chimneys of thermal power plants and various antenna-mast structures. Their average height usually fluctuates within 60-150 m, which gives an excellent radio horizon, which is 50 or more kilometers, and the whole low-altitude segment of the airspace is within the coverage area of ​​the electronic equipment located on such structures. Also, standard cell phone towers are ideal for these purposes, even in places where there is no direct visibility from the city antenna mast structures.

Such a network of electronic countermeasures has already been developed and can be brought to the level of initial combat readiness in the coming months - a couple of years. We are talking about the most promising project of the JSC "Scientific and Technical Center of Electronic Warfare" - "Field-21". This system is represented by a huge number of separated transmitting antennas-emitters of radio-electronic interference P-340РП, located on the above types of structures. They will form the so-called intellectually controlled distributed aperture, where the part of the emitters will operate at the maximum radiation power of radio-electronic interference, in the zones of which the most numerous breakthrough level of enemy air attack vehicles will be located. In other words, the principle of optimization of the energy distribution, which allows the most correct use of energy resources, will also be implemented in the EW Field-21 system.

The importance of this principle is dictated by such side effects of P-340RP as the suppression of Russian consumers of the global positioning systems GLONASS and GPS, because the main task of the Field-21 is to disable all elements of the high-precision weaponshaving satellite correction devices via GPS. Selective use of maximum radiation power will make it possible to maintain GPS / GLONASS coordination to numerous units and civilian users of these systems, close to the main areas of electronic suppression. Interference can also be carried out in strictly specified sectors of the passage of high-precision weapons through the use of certain emitters and their phased switching. Due to this, the negative impact on friendly consumers is minimized. But both for the energy distribution and for the sector suppression, the “Field” must rely on the information of low-altitude radar detectors and airborne early warning aircraft transmitting to the ground system the exact coordinates of the enemy aircraft being accompanied. Moreover, Field-21, with its chaotic distribution of tens to hundreds of jammer transmitters, requires an ultraproductive command and control station, where computerized tools must receive the most accurate and updated topographic maps of vast areas of the system for maximum coverage with minimal side effects.

According to information from a source in the Ministry of Defense of Russia, now elements of the Field-21 system are already installed on various objects, and the network is becoming denser and more efficient: its coverage is increasing literally every day. Emitters of radio-electronic interference P-340РП are integrated into GSM antenna-mast cellular communication devices, while power is supplied from the same sources as GSM antennas, which greatly simplifies the installation of the complexes, repairs at the facilities, and also leads to a decrease in the total mass of additional equipment and power cables for the "Fields". In case of failure of the main radiators, the GSM antennas themselves can also be used as backup antennas, whose aperture is excellent for the frequencies used by the P-340RP. These elements provide interference at frequencies from 1176 to 1575 MHz (L-band), which, in addition to GPS / GLONASS, also includes the BeiDou and Galileo navigation systems. The latter, as is well known, can be a reserve radio navigation system of NATO.

An interesting quality of the Field-21 system is the low power of the P-340РП complexes. For more or less sustainable suppression of all the receivers of the above-mentioned radio navigation systems in the 80 radius of km, there is enough power equivalent to a car radio station, i.e. total xnumx w. And by increasing the power by another 20-10 W, it is possible to achieve effective disorganization of air attack means at the medium-altitude segment (15-2 km) at a distance of more than 5 km.

LIST OF ELEMENTS OF HIGH PERIOD IN THE NETWORK OF THE COUNTRIES OF THE NATO COUNTRIES THEME

The dependence of the armed forces of Western countries on global positioning systems is enormous. It is almost impossible to give an example of a large-caliber adjustable rocket missile of the MLRS, high-precision bombs or long-range cruise missiles, which would not be equipped with a high-precision GPS receiver to allow backup correction of the trajectory when the homing head is jammed with radio-electronic or optical-electronic interference, and optical correlation sensor out of order.

The most common and numerous complexes of high-precision weapons, using GPS-correction, include aviation aerodynamic control kit with JDAM satellite correction. This smart gear turns standard Mk-82 / 83 / 84 standard free-fall bombs into highly accurate guided bombs GBU-31 / 32 / 34 / 35 / 38, capable of hitting enemy targets with an accuracy of QBO, 10-15 / 30 / 21 / 15, which can strike at enemy targets with an accuracy of BWO, 350 / 850 / XNUMX / XNUMX bombs that can hit enemy targets with an accuracy of QBO of about XNUMX-XNUMX / XNUMX / XNUMX. km, depending on the speed and altitude of the carrier. Getting into the dome of radio-electronic interference of the Field-XNUMX system, the INS of the free-falling GBU stops receiving corrections from the GPS satellite relative to its flight path, the bomb slowly changes course due to oncoming and lateral gusts of wind, and can no longer be corrected. That's all JDAM is sent “to the firebox”: a miss can be no longer XNUMX, but all XNUMX or XNUMX meters, which also depends on the height and speed of the reset, as well as atmospheric conditions. There can be no talk of any destruction of a strengthened goal in this case.

The second type of precision weapons, lost in the shroud of electronic countermeasures of the “Field” - various modifications of tactical and strategic cruise missiles. First of all, these include: American tactical long-range cruise ships AGM-158A / B "JASSM / JASSM-ER" (range from 360 to 1200 km), TKRVB KEPD-350 "TAURUS", as well as modifications of the strategic CP "Tomahawk" of the ship and submarine-based UGM / RGM-109C Block III (range 1850 km), UGM / RGM-109D Block III (range 1250 km) and UGM / RGM-109E Block IV (range 2400 km). On the marching section of the trajectory, all these rockets are largely dependent on the correction via the GPS channel. When they get into the field of the Field-21 network, communication with the satellites will be lost and the slightest error of the on-board TERCOM optical-electronic correlation system may result in the loss of the rocket long before it reaches its target.

The third type of high-precision armament, suppressed by the P-340RP complexes, includes the M30 GMLRS (and its longer-range version of the ER MLRS), designed to be launched from the M270 MLRS and M142 HIMARS launchers, as well as the 3, the most high-precision versions -Tactical ATACMS family of ballistic missiles, which are equipped with GPS-receivers - MGM-140B, MGM-164A and MGM-164B. At the same time, the possibilities for suppressing GPS-modules for controlling M30 GMLRS missiles at the Field-21 are much higher than for radio navigation receivers OTBR ATACMS. The fact is that M30 fly along a more flat trajectory, at lower altitudes, where the effect of radio-electronic interference from the P-340RP continues to remain quite high, while the ballistic missiles MGM-164A / B rise to the upper layers of the stratosphere, and in a descending segment of the trajectory on speeds over 3M very quickly overcome the “jamming” area. Given the ATACMS warhead equipment in the form of P31 BAT self-guided combat elements capable of being guided by infrared radiation from ground-based armored vehicles, it becomes clear that these ballistic missiles do not need surgical precision. As a result, the rocket deviates approximately on 400-500 m (GPS operation is disturbed only on the short final leg of the flight) and SPBE, scattered at a height of several kilometers, can safely provide homing, despite this uncritical deviation.

It has an effect "Field-21" and the navigation capabilities of unmanned aerial vehicles and combat aircraft. Blinded by interference, GPS receivers of tactical strike fighters and strategic bombers B-1B operating in terrain following mode will not allow the operation to be successful, since on-board radars designed for independent search and destruction of ground targets will also be suppressed by other EW-type systems “Avtobaza” And "Krasuha-4". At best, the powerful AN / APQ-164 radar of the B-1B rocket carrier will be able to map the earth’s surface only over a short distance, allowing you to leave our state’s airspace as quickly as possible by flying around the air defense lines detected by the AN / ALQ- 161. A huge part of the manipulations in the theater of military operations of the 21st century is carried out with the participation of the GPS system, and the impossibility of its correct operation will lead to a serious change in the predicted combat situation.

The EW Field-21 system has a great modernization potential. Several times we returned to the consideration of the possibility of developing and mass-producing airships of long-range radar detection and control for the rapid detection of low-flying, inconspicuous TFR and UAVs and targeting to long-range anti-aircraft missile systems. In a similar concept, you can also do with the “Field-21”, in addition, standard radiating radio-electronic interference antennas can be replaced with AFAR-emitters, each of which is capable of accurately suppressing individual EHVs or their groups in a narrow airspace sector. Accommodation on the airship will increase the radio horizon to several hundred kilometers, making the “Field-21” ten times more productive over remote areas where cell phone towers and other communications infrastructure have not yet been erected.

The “Field-21” is strikingly different from other EW facilities and in that it is almost impossible to identify it, unlike other EW mobile systems: compact emitting modules do not stand out in the background of GSM antennas and various AMCs that are present in the VO only number of several tens of thousands of units. The NATO command will be almost unaware of the deployment points of the P-340RP elements, and even the most advanced Western electronic intelligence will hardly correct the situation.

Information sources:
http://nevskii-bastion.ru/pole-21e/
http://izvestia.ru/news/628766
http://forum.militaryparitet.com/viewtopic.php?id=8929
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28 comments
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  1. +7
    August 30 2016
    He made himself read this nonsense, and did not regret it. After that, he neighed for a long time:
    Placing on the airship will increase the radio horizon to several hundred kilometers, making the Pole-21 ten times more productive over remote areas where the towers of mobile operators and other communications infrastructure have not yet been erected.
    Maybe Damantsev is better to write fantastic stories?
    1. +1
      August 30 2016
      what exactly made you laugh? airships have recently been remembered by both us and "them". one just recently crashed in England (ordered by the military).
    2. +4
      August 30 2016
      Sofa expert laughs .... lol
    3. +5
      August 30 2016
      More about the sailors who quit Cook after SU25 covered their interference is not disclosed
  2. +8
    August 30 2016
    Quote: Andy
    what exactly made you laugh? airships have recently been remembered by both us and "them". one just recently crashed in England (ordered by the military).

    It would be a shame for me personally to write such articles that Damantsev writes, if only out of respect for the readers. Since the reliability of the information presented is extremely low, and at the same time everything is flavored with sugary "hurray-patriotic" sauce. Do you personally believe in electronic warfare airships?
    1. +3
      August 30 2016
      Do you personally believe in EW airships?


      And why do you think that putting on the airship airship is not possible and not necessary. What are you guided by? Yes, in fact, does the airship itself make no sense?
      This information leaked back to 2 years ago. And I personally believe that in the near future they will appear. And it will be an effective electronic warfare, overlapping the stratosphere up to 30km.
    2. +8
      August 30 2016
      . Do you personally believe in EW airships?

      I see no reason to interfere with raising the antenna on a tethered balloon.
  3. +5
    August 30 2016
    Quote: oleggun
    Sofa expert laughs .... lol

    Excuse me "not a sofa expert", but what is your VUS (military accounting specialty)? I have 616810A
  4. +4
    August 30 2016
    Quote: Delink
    Do you personally believe in EW airships?


    And why do you think that putting on the airship airship is not possible and not necessary. What are you guided by? Yes, in fact, does the airship itself make no sense?
    This information leaked back to 2 years ago. And I personally believe that in the near future they will appear. And it will be an effective electronic warfare, overlapping the stratosphere up to 30km.

    Have you heard about the cost-effectiveness criterion? American and Israeli balloon systems have clearly demonstrated that they are "peacetime weapons." It is highly dependent on weather conditions and quite difficult to operate. Although how many people are interested in? Despite the fact that these balloons were not placed on electronic warfare systems, but radar equipment, which is much more suitable for balloons. And as for "electronic warfare in the stratosphere" I will not even comment.
    1. 0
      August 30 2016
      Well, for some reason, very interesting.
      If the software sets the place of his permanent stay in the zone, then he will be there. And if the weather is completely tight, then you can lower it for a while.
      Although I agree with you in some ways. He who controls the weather rules the world.
    2. +2
      August 30 2016
      Despite the fact that these balloons were not equipped with electronic warfare systems

      And no one says that it is necessary to lift the equipment itself, it is enough to raise the antenna complex - if it is banged, the equipment will remain intact.
      "Irbis" small volume tethered balloon

      The balloon is extremely easy to operate and can be deployed on any unprepared site in a minimum of time. It is capable of carrying a small optoelectronic system to a height of up to 900 m, electronic warfare equipment, repeaters, antenna devices weighing up to 15 kg.

  5. +3
    August 30 2016
    Sponsored article? Like, give us money, and we will hang our devices on all the poles and trees, and in the future (perhaps) a Tomahawk and others like it will not fly on your head.
    Reminds the "wishlist" of the bourgeois military-industrial complex, which they argue "with the Russian (formerly Soviet) threat. lol
  6. +3
    August 30 2016
    In addition to jamming, it would be nice to deploy missiles back ...
    Let them fall to where they came from laughing
  7. +5
    August 30 2016
    The first thing that hits is Shrike missiles ....
  8. +3
    August 30 2016
    EW is an unpromising topic. The transition of radar and radio receivers to directional AFAR antennas will make target and obstructive interference on the air useless. The only thing that can continue to jam is the omnidirectional antennas of portable radios and GPS receivers.

    An exception to this rule: the use of explosive EMP generators with a massive impact on the receiving parts of any electronic equipment, but with a time-limited effect - an average of 15 minutes to reboot.

    And opposite the "Field-21" there are good old digital maps of the terrain in both radio and infrared ranges (plus digital silhouettes of ships and planes from different angles).

    On the other hand, "Pole-21" will clearly cover the shop for using GPS in small-sized ammunition such as shells, mines and small-caliber bombs, in which it is difficult to use AFAR. And thanks for that.
    1. 0
      August 30 2016
      . The transition of radar and radio receivers to directional AFAR antennas will make target and obstructive interference on the air useless.

      Will not do. If the transmitting modules will work in groups at different frequencies, then the radar efficiency will fall, at best, at times and this still does not guarantee against full exposure.
      1. The comment was deleted.
      2. 0
        August 31 2016
        It will not fall, now the computer processing the signal, and with the enabled random frequency algorithm and duplicate systems, these jammers may not notice.
        1. 0
          August 31 2016
          It will not fall, now there is a computer signal processing, but with the random frequency algorithm turned on

          They will hammer the entire working range and that's it.
          duplicate systems can

          There are no duplicate systems; any radar is essentially a receiver and a transmitter.
          1. +1
            6 September 2016
            What is "all"? They will not be able to score the whole, look better at what range of work the jammer has.
    2. +3
      August 30 2016
      They seek opposition to any action and almost always find it.
      As for AFAR and stations with SICH I agree - it looks very promising so far, but times are changing - new solutions are possible.
      With electromagnetic generators, there are now many well-developed high-speed circuits (closing bridges, zener diodes at the input, etc.) since they began to solve the problem with the most powerful EMR generator - a nuclear explosion.
      I still completely agree with the tale of the indispensability of GPS - as before, it was induced astro correction, inertial systems (now there are laser gyroscopes and accelerometers), radio corrections are many ways, the element base is new.
  9. The comment was deleted.
  10. +8
    August 30 2016
    So, we see another story about a sword - a cadence and an invisible hat performed by a very large specialist in this field. You know, sometimes it seems to me that I studied in the wrong textbooks or in another world in general. I would like to take my school textbook of radio engineering (studied in a radio circle) and re-read it again.
    The GPS system (like Glonass) operates in the decimeter range, in this range it is only possible to radiate and receive signals with a direct wave — within direct line of sight or, if one speaks smartly - diffraction is insufficient for other work.
    (There is still a tropospheric and meteor shower reflection, but this is another).
    The conclusion is simple and affordable - to “clog” such a signal (more precisely, to make it indistinguishable against the background of interference) is possible only with the omnidirectional antenna of the GPS receiver — those with an antenna that receives signals from all directions. Strange as it may seem, our satellites do not crawl among EW antennas, but fly in the upper hemisphere of any aircraft. Make sure that the receiver’s antenna is located at the top of the cruise missile and does not receive signals from the ground - (speaking cleverly - narrow its radiation pattern to the upper hemisphere just above the horizon) and that's it - the system stopped working. How - yes, at least wrap it in foil and make a hole on top.
    To really effectively disorient the GPS receiver, you need to launch several antennas into the air (at least somehow) and emit a specially selected signal against the background of satellites with a certain power.
    And do not talk about the "secret devices" and "unique developments that have no analogues." This system is quite simple and primitive, although apparently assembled on a more or less modern basis. Moreover, it’s real, most likely, no one has yet worked out its combat use (as well as the consequences for the operation of its equipment).
    But this is not a reason to conclude that this is some kind of "sucks". It is very fashionable in our country to have opposite opinions on everything. On omnidirectional antennas, "Field" is in theory quite effective, but one should not make an absolute out of it.
    It’s not the technology and people who are at war - the structures that unite them are at war. And with the right place in this structure and competent use for its intended purpose, the complex will work perfectly among other equipment and weapons.
    1. The comment was deleted.
      1. +2
        August 30 2016
        Then NATO will switch to GLONASS guidance, but now there are smartphones for 2 systems.
        But if it’s more serious, then this is an option for nuclear war, and there it will already be violet who will defeat whom.
        For all strategic missiles, inertial guidance is enough (with a margin).
    2. 0
      December 28 2016
      I am certainly not an expert, but one question comes to mind. Do GPS satellites and Glonass satellites fly in different "above"? Or can these satellites only emit their own signals?
  11. 0
    August 30 2016
    The “Field-21” is strikingly different from other EW facilities and in that it is almost impossible to identify it, unlike other EW mobile systems: compact emitting modules do not stand out in the background of GSM antennas and various AMCs that are present in the VO only number of several tens of thousands of units. The NATO command will be almost unaware of the deployment points of the P-340RP elements, and even the most advanced Western electronic intelligence will hardly correct the situation.


    But why then such a detailed article? How to knock amers?
  12. +8
    August 30 2016
    Quote: Bongo
    Excuse me "not a sofa expert", but what is your VUS (military accounting specialty)? I have 616810A

    Seryozha, who cares that you are an expert in the field of combat control systems and "closed" communications No. After all, the people gathered here for the most part "shout".

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