Military Review

Volatile sheets against Bonaparte

8
Volatile sheets against Bonaparte

Ivan Terebenyov. Napoleon dance. Xnumx


Ivan Ivanovich Terebenev (1780 – 1815) was a gifted sculptor and a brilliant graphic artist. Without Terebenev caricatures it is difficult to imagine a popular war against Napoleon. Terebenev worked tirelessly in 1812 – 1813 for years, and his satirical “volatile sheets” were immediately recognized both in the army and in the rear. He knew Russian folklore well and created truly folk art. His drawings did not need an explanation. Terebenyov himself wrote signatures to the drawings, some of which became winged. Here and in the "Napoleon dance" the impression is supplemented by simple poems:

You didn’t manage to cross us on your beep,
Dodge, basurman, under our tune!


And Napoleon is dancing. Dancing rompachski, dancing Russian. Only joyless turns dance: the famous cocked hat trembles over his head, and in the eyes there is no joy. Clearly defined images - you feel the hand of an experienced engraver. Long before Leo Tolstoy Terebenev shows the true winner. This is a Russian peasant. The peasants raised the "club of the people's war", the peasants were the basis of the army. And they recognized Terebenev's drawings, because in the spirit of his caricature they resembled popular splint. Means for agitation and counter-propaganda in those years was not enough. Newspapers and magazines remained the elite entertainment. People received information about the political course of a belligerent state only in a church sermon and from such pictures. Terebenyov sheets actively reprinted for a hundred years. The demand for them did not disappear. In such caricatures we learned patriotism and humor. And today, when we reflect on the victorious times of Russia for our Napoleonic wars, Terebenev’s drawings help us understand the soul of that era.

Popularly known drawings did not bring Terebenev "stone chambers." He died soon after the end of the Napoleonic Wars, in 1815, in poverty. But the artistic tradition created by him, did not die. Evidence of this - the work of Russian artists during the First World War and the Great Patriotic War. Prints, posters, newspaper cartoons that have become a phenomenon in stories military and agitation opposition.
Originator:
http://историк.рф/special_posts/летучие-листы-против-бонапартия/
8 comments
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  1. Basil50
    Basil50 28 August 2016 16: 53
    0
    It is a pity that today those who work for RUSSIA for fame and success in RUSSIA cannot count.
    1. Mitek
      Mitek 28 August 2016 17: 09
      +3
      I read the flying worms against Bonaparte .. intrigued ...
    2. dmi.pris
      dmi.pris 28 August 2016 18: 05
      +1
      Those who WORK for their homeland, and do not declare this, do not work for the sake of fame or personal success. Who works for the benefit of the personal huckster is ordinary ..
  2. PKK
    PKK 28 August 2016 18: 14
    +1
    The meaning is at least clear, who made Napoleon dance? Napole, he and Alexander 1, moved to Muscovy, this is the point that Alexander made Napoleon dance even during the Telzit Treaty.
    1. dmi.pris
      dmi.pris 28 August 2016 18: 35
      +2
      Explain how Alexander moved with the invaders to Russia (not Muscovy). The Tilsit world on a raft is a necessary step on the part of the Emperor of Russia to gain time. And in the caricature, the Russian people forced Napoleon to do what no people in Europe could do ..
  3. Vladimirets
    Vladimirets 28 August 2016 18: 28
    +3
    The name is promising, the content, to put it mildly, disappointed. Didn’t find more reproductions? There is a whole alphabet of I. Terebnev 1812goda No.
  4. ALEA IACTA EST
    ALEA IACTA EST 28 August 2016 18: 35
    +2
    Compared to the British slop poured on Bonaparte at that time, the Terebenev cartoons are simply innocent.
  5. masiya
    masiya 28 August 2016 18: 47
    +1
    Traditionally ours, in the WWII pictures were also funny, then KuKryNyksy went the same thing ... !!! Well, then the Crocodile magazine gave a rustle !!!