Turkey has run out of patience
On the night of 23 on 24 of August, Turkish Special Forces troops, supported by the actions of the Air Force, entered Syria. It was about four o'clock in the morning Moscow time. The pretext was an operation called "The Euphrates Shield", directed against the militants of the "Islamic State" (prohibited in the Russian Federation), as well as the Kurdish formations. In addition to the special forces of the armed forces, artillery and a limited armored contingent participate in the operation. Now a local operation is underway to neutralize the goals of "IG" in the city of Jarablus.
By now, transmits TASS, aware of the destruction of 82 targets of terrorists "IG". At the same time, military sources do not call these actions proper to the Turkish ground operation, but declare limited support by the Turks for those Syrian formations that are fighting with IG. The basis of these formations is the famous Syrian free army.
With regard to the role of the Americans in the ongoing operation, Washington will provide in Jarablus cover of the Turkish ground forces from the air. This information can be considered official: a high-ranking source from the delegation of Vice-President Biden, who arrived in Ankara, told the Reuters correspondent about the cover.
TASS also reports, referring to the Al-Jazeera TV channel, that around 5 thousands of fighters from Syrian opposition units are participating in the operation in the Jarablus area. According to the latest information, the SSA detachments have already knocked out the IG detachments from four settlements on the approaches to Jarablus.
From the official statements of the Turkish authorities we know the following. According to President Erdogan, the operation is directed against IG and the Democratic Union Party (PDS) of Syrian Kurds: “Last night our security forces launched an operation in northern Syria against terrorist organizations that threaten our country such as IS and PDS. We must put an end to these attacks, carried out on the other side of the border against us. "
As the head of the Turkish Foreign Ministry, Mevlüt авavuşoлуlu, stated, Kurdish troops will have to retreat to the eastern bank of the Euphrates, otherwise Ankara will take action.
The Kurds themselves believe that Turkey will get bogged down in the Syrian war. According to the leader of the PDS, Salekh Muslim, Ankara “will inevitably get bogged down in a Syrian swamp, just like the IG terrorists. “I think they (the Turks) will suffer great losses in this war. For the most part, the Syrian people, the coalition of the “Forces of Democratic Syria” and the military council of Jarablus, which consists of the sons of this city, oppose the Turkish invasion, ”the Russian agency quotes the leader of the PDS.
As for Damascus, the Syrian Foreign Ministry said that “condemns the transition of Turkish tanks on Syrian soil under the guise of the Air Force of the international coalition led by the United States. "
TASS reports and the Russian reaction to the Turkish military actions in Syria.
An unnamed source in the Russian Foreign Ministry told the agency that "counter-terrorist actions in Syria are now more relevant than ever, especially in the area of the Syrian-Turkish border." However, "an important factor in their effectiveness is the interaction with Damascus."
Known and official reaction. 24 August in 17: 50 to Moscow. time appeared comment Information and Press Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation in connection with the escalation of tensions in the area of the Syrian-Turkish border.
According to the Foreign Ministry, the Syrian crisis can only be resolved on a solid basis of international law.
Last night it became known about the open US support for the Turkish military operation. Moreover, the emphasis is frankly on deterring the Kurds.
At a joint press conference with Turkish Prime Minister Binali Yıldırım, Vice President Joe Biden said that Ankara and Washington agreed not to allow the Kurds to move west of the Euphrates, reports RBC.
The Kurds have their own view on the Turkish "peacemaking" in Syria.
On the side of Turkey, supporters of radical groups participate in the attack on Jarablus, the reporter said RIA News" Rodi Osman, Head of the Representative Office of Syrian Kurdistan in Moscow
According to him, in the morning twenty-five tanks entered the village of Al-Kheseliye, 6 kilometers from Jarablus. The city was fired by tanks, artillery and aviation. The militants of the Jebhat al-Nusra, Ahrar al-Sham, Sultan Murad, Nur al-Din al-Zenki and Jaish el-Fatih factions participated in the attack.
According to Osman, Erdogan’s plan is to occupy a site in the north of Syria, where "his radical supporters will be placed." “This attack is part of Erdogan’s plan to revive the Ottoman Empire,” says the head of the mission.
The ground-based Turkish operation has the main goal of fighting the Kurdish formations, believes the editor-in-chief of the magazine Arsenal of the Fatherland, Victor Murakhovsky. Expert said TASSthat Ankara "categorically does not perceive" the attempts of the Kurds to create an autonomous entity in Turkey or neighboring countries.
The Turkish side is concerned about the victories of the "Forces of Democratic Syria", which is based on the Kurdish formations, the occupation of Manbij by the Kurds and the attack on Jarablus, the expert believes. If successful, the Jarablus Kurds can take control of a significant part of the border with Turkey. In addition, they are likely to connect with the western part of the province of Aleppo, controlled by Afrin kurds. As a result, "the entire section of the border from the province of Aleppo and east to the Euphrates will be under the control of Kurdish formations." This large enclave "the Kurds in Syria will control." And Turkey is the likely future "categorically do not like."
"Turkey is trying to expand its spheres of influence in Syria," said in an interview "Komsomolskaya Pravda" director of the Center for Oriental Studies of International Relations and Public Diplomacy, turkologist Vladimir Avatkov. - It is necessary to take into account a few points. Firstly, Ankara insists on Assad’s departure, which means that we should expect active help from the Syrian opposition. Secondly, Turkey is in favor of a united and indivisible Syria, so we must understand that this operation implies an intensification of the struggle against the Kurds. And, thirdly, it is a struggle against the “Islamic State”, since the situation with the militants got out of control, and Erdogan is no longer able to control them. By the way, the Turkish invasion of Syria began after rapprochement with Russia, because if the operation had begun before that, Turkey would have faced great problems. And so Moscow was informed. Thus, we are not against the invasion, and Assad, too, since he is interested in eliminating the Kurds in the same way as Erdogan. ”
As for the Americans, some Russian experts believe. that they do not intend to seriously support the Turks in this war.
"The Americans are still solving the main task - to maximally weaken the Assad regime," said "Free Press" RIACD and Middle East Institute expert Sergey Balmasov. - All pseudo-coalitions that they support are temporary. And in the place of the Turks, I would not be deceived, most likely, they were assigned the role of "dragging chestnuts out of the fire."
At the same time, the expert believes, military action in Syria is beneficial to President Erdogan not only because of the Kurdish issue, but also because of the difficult political situation in Turkey. When the military got into politics, it is better to "send them to engage in direct duties - to fight."
Anyway, both with the Kurds and with the complicated situation inside Turkey, the special “Turkish” war on the Syrian territory, which the Syrian Foreign Ministry has already condemned, will clearly not contribute to the pacification of the warring parties. Rather, the opposite: the invasion has already caused the bitterness of both the Kurds and the Assad government.
Washington and Ankara have a goal that seems common: the overthrow of Assad, whom Erdogan often called him a “butcher” or a “murderer”. However, further the interests of the Americans and the Turks in the region diverge: Washington has long disliked the capricious "neosultan", and in the White House they dream to weaken the presumptuous ruler. In addition, the latter constantly blames instability in his native country for Washington. Americans hardly welcome it. In addition, in the Oval Office have nothing against the creation of a Kurdish state - Erdogan should know. Therefore, the coalition of Ankara and Washington looks strong only theoretically. Having achieved his own goals, the White House will really let Erdogan get caught up in the Syrian war.
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