Day of the Air Fleet of the Russian Federation
This holiday is closely connected with history military aviation, because in August of the distant 1912, the last Russian emperor Nicholas II signed a decree stating the need to form the first aviation unit in the Russian Empire at the Main Directorate of the General Staff of the Russian Imperial Army. Over time, this formation evolved into the Russian Air Force, the initial name of which was the Imperial Military Air Force.
Some historians dispute the existence of the imperial decree regarding the creation of the first aviation unit, motivating its position by the fact that it has not yet been found in the archive materials of the original royal decree. At the same time, there is an 397 order of then-War Minister Vladimir Sukhomlinov from the same date (July 30 (August new 12 style) 1912 of the year), which deals with the transfer of aeronautics and aviation to the special aeronautical unit of the General Staff.
Whether there is a direct involvement of Emperor Nicholas II in the creation of the first Russian aviation unit, or not, is a question that should be left to professional historians to try. Today, the fact that in August 1912 of the year Russia acquired its own air fleet, which has passed through many stages of development in the 104 of its existence, is more important today.
Taking into account the fact that these days Russia remembers the events of 25-year-old - the days of the so-called “putsch”, or rather the attempt to save the Soviet Union, it is worth noting that the air fleet of our country, and it’s silly not to admit not only along the path of development. Like the whole huge country, the air fleet at the beginning of the 90-x took the path of complete degradation.
The people who had led the Soviet Union to collapse with their own hands declared that “there is no such party”, “there is no such course”, and also there is no money either for aviation or even for feeding the population. Wait, said the 500 days, and everything will be fine ... Both the 500 days and 1000 have passed, but the changes for the population and the technological sphere of the country have gone entirely worse.
The vast Soviet fleet, again, like the whole country, was divided, and from that began its dilapidation with simultaneous replacement in the civilian sector by second-hand foreign airliners with the need for domestic specialists to undergo internships under the guidance of foreign instructors. It also reached “remote” internships “on paper”. The air communication program between the regions was turned into dust. The planes often “anchored” on the outskirts of airports, where they either rotted and rusted for years, or sawed into scrap metal that was profitably sold by enterprising gentlemen abroad.
At the same time, there appeared the first similarity of the slogan that building your own aircraft is “unprofitable”, and it is better to buy outside Russia, “even if used, but reliable liners”. As a result, this slogan led to the fact that some companies in the pursuit of profit decided that if an American or European aircraft was operated before a dozen air carriers, including African ones, entered Russia, it could also be considered “quite reliable”. It is well known what consequences in terms of insecurity for passengers this has led.
Unfortunately, one cannot say that the Russian air fleet is experiencing a significant upswing today. The majority of Russian air carriers are still forced (and some prefer to) to buy "second-hand" abroad. However, delineated and progress. So, 8 of June of the current year in Irkutsk a vivid presentation of the first Russian medium-haul passenger airliner MC-21, created at the Irkutsk aircraft-building plant, took place.
This is the aircraft with the widest fuselage (4,06 m) in the segment of medium-haul airliners, providing comfort to both passengers and crew. It is assumed that already from 2017, the MC-21 will go into series and be able to cover part of the needs of Russian and some foreign air carriers, competing, for example, with Airbus A-320 and Boeing-737.
Along with this, a promising PD-14 turbofan engine for civil aviation has been created in Russia. It is this engine that is planned to be used on MC-21 aircraft.
The creation of a new engine for civil aviation is a real event, given the fact that after the collapse of the Soviet Union, work in this direction was actually curtailed, as was the work on the creation of new civilian airliners.
Today, festive events on the occasion of the Day of the Air Fleet will be held in different cities of Russia. The holiday is widely held in Ulyanovsk, which is directly connected with the development of the country's air fleet. In the festive program - "Air Show-2016" and the festival "Aerobatics". Demonstration performances of the First Flight group (Moscow), solo aeronautics performed by the US-AHRT, Mi-2 and Mi-8 helicopters of the CSK VVS sports club, parachutists are scheduled.
On this day, we congratulate all those involved in the Air Fleet of the country on the holiday and wish the Russian WF to move exclusively along the path of development!
- cntraveller.ru, rutoday.com
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