How is the program "1 ha in the Far East"?
Briefly about the stages of the program, according to which the land is provided from any form of state or municipal property.
1 June 2016 year - Start applications from the Far East. Moreover, applications of the Ministry of Eastern Development allow to submit within the framework of pre-determined by the department of municipalities of the regions of the Far Eastern Federal District. These municipalities are called pilot for the entire project. Attention is drawn to the fact that the pilot municipalities allowed to “roll in” the project and bring it to a new level.
1 2016 October, the - One of the stages of this new level, namely the start of applications for obtaining plots of up to 1 ha from Far Easterners throughout the DFO.
1 February 2017 year - all citizens of the Russian Federation will be able to submit applications, even if the place of their permanent registration is not a subject of the Federation of the Far Eastern Federal District.
The main requirement from the state to the person who is going to get to 10 thousand square meters. meters of land in the Far East, lies in the fact that within the next five years this person will receive land at the disposal of the state. And if a plot of land during the five-year period is enclosed with a fence, and the entire development is reduced to sticking a stick with the applicant's family coat of arms into the land to receive the plot, then the state will not accept such tricks for the development of land. Development conditions: conducting agricultural activities, living with the management of personal subsidiary farming, running a business from the list of programs, including forest management, hunting management. If within five years it turns out that the recipient of the land in the FEFD does not conduct any economic activity or does not live on the plot, then the land will be taken from him on the basis of the adopted law. In case of development of a site, a person receives the right to rent it for a period of up to 49 years or by the possibility of owning it.
The Ministry of Eastern Development publishes a presentation video about the action of the described program (video ARCHK DV):
As follows from the video, interest in obtaining the Far Eastern hectare was expressed by about 30 million Russians. And how many applications have been submitted to date, and how many hectares in the FEFD have Russian citizens received for real use?
On a specially created site "Nadalniyvostok.rf" it is reported that at the time of preparation of the material applications from the Far East received 2461. And only 92 appeals from 1 Jun were satisfied. Another 71 treatment is at the stage of concluding a contract. At the same time, the total number of lands transferred for use to citizens was 77,36 ha. Even if we assume that each of the applications considered by 71 will be satisfied in the near future by the core services, it turns out that the ability of government agencies to meet the requests of residents of the Far Eastern Federal District to receive a land plot for use is about 6,6%. In other words, 93-94 applications from 100 are “bounced off” 6,6. The question arises: is it possible at this stage to consider the work of the Ministry of Eastern Development to implement the program satisfactory? Well, except that if there is a certain scale on which 100 percent from XNUMX is enough for a satisfactory result ...
However, the Ministry of Development and Development declares that “I am not guilty ...” According to Alexander Galushka, namely he is the head of the department, in fact the unsatisfactory work on the implementation of the program and the law should be considered not the federal authorities, but the local authorities. In late July, the news agency TASS presented an interview with the head of the Ministry of Economic Development, in which he said that regional authorities in the DFO often look for and find reasons for not giving out land plots designated in the program to citizens-applicants.
Based on such facts, the Permanent Representative of the President in the Far Eastern Federal District, Yury Trutnev, instructed the regional authorities to intensify work on the implementation of the program, including in its information component among the residents of the Far Eastern Federal District. At the same time, it became known that, for example, the authorities of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) called on the federal authorities "to approach the implementation of the program more deliberately and to abandon its hasty implementation." As arguments in Yakutia, they said that the program "could strike a blow to the interests of the indigenous population."
Taking into account the fact that almost 3 weeks have passed since the interview with Alexander Galushka and instructions from Yuri Trutnev, and that only 28 people have become owners of the Far Eastern sites, one might think that the Yakut arguments were taken into account by the authorities ... But seriously It turns out that the regional authorities in the Far East live and work according to the principle “God is high, far away from the king” and actually put the program of macro-regional development on the brakes, to put it mildly, blindly watching the directives of Moscow.
This situation calls into question the effectiveness of the program to attract investment in the Far East. In particular, the other day, Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev signed decree, expanding the list of federal targeted programs aimed at supporting the territories of advanced development (TOP). The purpose of this resolution is to increase the number of jobs in the Far Eastern Federal District by about 100 thousand, and also to increase the population of the federal district by 3 million people by 2025 year. Now all attention is paid to how local “princes” will react to this initiative of Moscow, and to whether the federal government has any levers and desire to bring the expediency of work within the framework of state rather than “personal pocket” interests to the “princes”. .
- Alexei Volodin
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