The development of optical-electronic systems for the modernization of MANPADS began.

19
Work is underway to create a promising optical-electronic system and other means, the appearance of which in the future will markedly increase the combat potential of man-portable air defense systems. In addition, further adaptation of such developments will allow for a similar modernization of anti-tank missile systems and some other weapons. It is proposed to improve the capabilities of anti-aircraft and anti-tank defense with the help of a set of optical-electronic means that monitor the situation and define targets, as well as using a new launcher.

16 August edition of Izvestia reported that the Russian Ministry of Defense and the Radioelectronic Technologies Concern (KRET) are working together to create a promising target detection system, which is proposed to be used to manage calculations of man-portable air defense systems. The first task of the current project is to refine existing products for use with MANPADS. In the future, it is planned to carry out a new improvement of such systems, according to the results of which they will be able to work with existing and prospective anti-tank systems.

An unnamed source of "Izvestia" in the military department said that at present the industry and the customer are studying the possibility of using a promising optical-electronic system in conjunction with launchers of portable anti-aircraft systems. In the near future it is planned to complete the work in the framework of the first phase of the project. Also, the source noted that the successful completion of work on the ECO for MANPADS will allow to start developing similar systems for anti-tank missile systems and even for hand-held rocket launchers



It is reported that the new opto-electronic systems will be part of the updated anti-aircraft systems. The basis of the latter will have to be special launchers with remote control. They will be mounted MANPADS with a set of necessary equipment, as well as the necessary ECO devices. Such complexes can be placed in the right area at the most convenient positions. Calculations of anti-aircraft systems will be at a safe distance from launchers.

With the help of optical-electronic systems, the gunners of MANPADS will be able to monitor the air situation and search for targets. When an air target is detected or third-party target designation is received, the calculations will have to take the object for tracking and, after its entry into the affected area, launch the rocket. It is understood that placing the gunner and the launcher in different positions will reduce the risks to people. In addition, such an architecture of the anti-aircraft complex will, to a certain extent, simplify masking and will provide some other advantages over MANPADS in their original form.

An unnamed source at KRET revealed to the Izvestia publication some technical details of a promising project. The result of the work should be the appearance of a small-sized and lightweight product, made in the form of a single unit with all the necessary equipment. This unit should be equipped with television and thermal imaging cameras, as well as a laser rangefinder, means of transmitting the signal and receiving commands. The operator will have a control panel with a screen for outputting the video signal and other necessary devices.

It is reported that a promising complex, designed for use with existing weapons, is being developed on the basis of the Okhotnik video processing system (SOVI). Within the framework of the “Hunter” project, a whole family of optical-electronic systems was developed, designed for use as part of various systems and on different equipment. In the basic configuration, the Hunter products are equipped with observation tools and a computing unit. The latter allows you to process the video signal, as well as solve some problems, reducing the burden on the operator.

According to reports, the hunter system is capable of automatically detecting from one to eight moving targets. There is an automatic tracking function with adaptation of the tracking gate in accordance with the distance to the target and its dimensions. An independent determination of the possibility of taking a target for automatic tracking is provided. At the same time, the auto tracking is maintained even with sufficiently energetic maneuvers of the target, high speed, changing its angle, etc.

It is known that one of the systems of the Hunter family is already used in the onboard equipment of the advanced T-50 fighter. In addition, the possibility of using such equipment on another equipment being upgraded and being created anew is being considered. Finally, in the course of the ongoing work, the Ministry of Defense and the Radio Electronic Technologies concern intend to adapt the existing WWII for use in conjunction with man-portable air defense systems.

According to some data, the Hunter systems are capable of identifying detected targets and determining their type. By characteristic features such as speed, altitude, thermal radiation, etc., video processing systems can “recognize” an airplane, a helicopter, or an unmanned aerial vehicle. A source of "Izvestia" in the Ministry of Defense noted that in order to adapt existing systems for use in ground-based anti-aircraft complexes, they had to resort to some of their modifications.

The same source noted that the optoelectronic equipment of a new type should actually replace the MANPAD operator. In existing systems, the detection and identification of targets is assigned to the operator. In the future, these functions are proposed to transfer to automatic tools. Among other things, it improves the effectiveness of the attack. Due to the high speeds of the air targets, the operator does not have a significant time reserve for identifying the detected object, searching for the optimal rocket launch time, etc. Due to its speed automatics should solve this problem, increasing the overall efficiency of the missile systems.

Another plus of the developed complex for the modernization of MANPADS is the possibility of deploying anti-aircraft guns and their control systems at some distance from each other. The experience of recent local conflicts shows that the operators of portable anti-aircraft systems can pose a great danger to aviation tactical link, which is why such threats have a high priority and are important goals that must be destroyed most quickly. In the case of using remote control systems, MANPADS operators are able to stay at a safe distance from their weapons. This means that if the launcher is destroyed, the operator will not suffer. In this case, before the destruction of its weapons, the anti-aircraft gunner will be able to fight air targets with greater efficiency compared to MANPADS in the original version.

In the near future, KRET and the Ministry of Defense are planning to complete the first stage of work on the creation of a promising anti-aircraft complex with new control systems. After that, the development of the project will continue, which in the future will lead to the emergence of ready-made systems suitable for use in testing. The deadlines for the completion of these works and the possible adoption of new complexes for service have not yet been specified. Probably, we can talk about the next few years.

At the same time, the industry and the customer decided on plans for the further development of the new project. After the new version of the portable anti-aircraft missile systems it is planned to develop a similar version of anti-tank systems. With the help of equipment based on the Hunter's CIGI, it is proposed to upgrade existing and prospective anti-tank missile systems. Due to the corresponding changes in the software and recognition algorithms, the updated systems will be able to find, maintain and identify ground targets of various classes and types. Their task will be to work in the interests of anti-tank systems, which will be responsible for the destruction of detected objects.

Also in recent reports mentioned the possibility of using promising eco-friendly systems in combination with hand-held grenade launchers. Apparently, in this case, a special launcher with optoelectronic systems will also be created for searching for targets and targeting, as well as with mounts for armament of the required type. Perhaps this variant of the anti-tank complex is considered as a simplified and cheaper alternative to full-fledged systems using relatively expensive and complex guided missiles.

According to the latest data, the defense industry, on the request of the Ministry of Defense, is developing tools that convert man-portable air defense systems into remote-controlled complexes. Such equipment will have a number of significant advantages over existing MANPADS, which will have a positive impact on the capabilities of short-range air defense. In addition, in the future it will allow to modernize anti-tank defenses. It will take at least several years to complete all the necessary work. After that, the armed forces will have the opportunity to begin the operation of improved means of dealing with enemy aircraft and armored vehicles.


On the materials of the sites:
http://izvestia.ru/
http://tvzvezda.ru/
http://otvaga2004.ru/
http://dspa.ru/
Our news channels

Subscribe and stay up to date with the latest news and the most important events of the day.

19 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. 0
    August 17 2016
    The physical dimensions of the element base and optoelectronic systems will constantly decrease, which will entail a reduction in the size of ammunition and launchers, they will become easier, well, cheaper too, and the range of hitting targets will increase. In the future, the infantryman does not have to carry all these weapons on him, for this they will use automatic launch vehicles based on at least the same ATVs. Not for nothing that they recently demonstrated a quad bike driven by a robot driver.
    1. +1
      August 17 2016
      MANPADS does not have a bottleneck, but a power supply and a guidance head! First you have to wait until the current goes and the guidance head cools down, after there is very little time for aiming, the MANPADS are not suitable for the shot before reloading, and the enemy will not wait.
      If it becomes possible to aim multiple times and shoot in 1-2 seconds, it will be a completely different matter! For the sake of this, it is possible to put up with an increase in weight / dimensions!
  2. +1
    August 17 2016
    That's right, therefore, all of these missile systems must be designed in the CARRIAGE options, and not portable!
    That's how much I do not offer my trailer trolley to place various types of weapons on it - there is no reaction from the higher management ... And this should be a trailer-cart so that it can be towed by any vehicle or manually, and thrown after shooting off the ammunition, without regretting the cost of the "ATV" ... Here on ATV safari or their analogues (Nerekhtakh, Urani, Hogs ...) and you should place an expensive optical sighting system that will already control the 20-50 missile carts located within reach of the wires or the radio signal: the ammunition was fired - ATV breaks down and run to the base.
    So you can increase the power of a volley in hundreds of times using inexpensive almost disposable means and accurate return electronics!
    1. 0
      August 17 2016
      The trailer is not a trailer, but the separation of the sighting complex and the PU is a sensible thought, the health of the calculation will have a very positive effect! Although this, in principle, has already been implemented, for example, 120mm "whalers"
      1. +1
        August 18 2016
        Taking into account the development of target designation from UAVs and minimization of electronics (Sobolyatnik), as well as means of attack of the Spike type (loitering ammunition), the movement of all the above-mentioned devices can be provided by my unified trailer-trailers with anti-bullet fragmentation protection (to reduce losses from "stripping" carpet shelling / bombing).
        Any large equipment in a conflict with "non-dummies" will be quickly put out of action due to the significant superiority of reconnaissance means and long-range precision (guided) weapons from the enemy.
        Minimization и mass character - these are the basic postulates for the development of military equipment of the future.
        Armats, aircraft carriers, Leaders, airships - these are only good single targets that suck out budget funds, but do not increase the country's defenses by one iota.
        One carrier - one Rocket - this is the asymptote that I need to strive for, and which I realize in my products.

        Quote: Vsevolod136
        How much can you flood with this cart of yours?

        Yes these mantra I repeat for 20 years - but before Gendebilov still doesn’t get it.
        If someone is tired of reading them - turn over my messages - nobody forces you to pay attention to me.
        To put cons without having your own reasoned proposals is the lot of impotent people.
    2. 0
      August 18 2016
      Why deprive MANPADS of the ability to carry one person? In case of war, you can put the same portable option in a wheelbarrow, borrowed from the civilian population
      1. 0
        August 18 2016
        Quote: hghg
        Why deprive MANPADS of the ability to carry one person? In case of war, you can put the same portable option in a wheelbarrow, borrowed from the civilian population

        Nobody is going to deprivebut you won’t take away more 20kg, and there’s still a lot of gadgets plus spare missiles to MANPADS - isn’t it easier right away roll?! Where will you look in the field local population and how to select cars? Let's go without roguewhen billions are wasted to push back ...
        Once again: the trolley is a bit heavier and more expensive already existing case, i.e. case on wheelsbut with a couple dozen other features - versatility! All this is needed for robots defense: carts with missiles are delivered to positions by unmanned all-terrain vehicles, there they are activated by a signal and shoot depending on the missiles laid inside: ATGM, MANPADS, S-8K, etc. You can arrange them manually, you can mask them in ravines, hollows, grooves and activate when retreating / retreat - obstruction light. And many other use cases - UNIFICATION! Change stereotypes of thinking!
  3. +1
    August 17 2016
    Each infantryman MANPADS.
  4. +1
    August 17 2016
    The idea itself is as old as the World; the time has come to incarnate in iron. Will wait. Good luck with the early introduction of troops.
  5. +4
    August 17 2016
    Quote: Aviagr
    That's right, therefore, all of these missile systems must be designed in the CARRIAGE options, and not portable!
    That's how much I do not offer my trailer trolley

    How much can you flood with this cart of yours?
  6. +1
    August 17 2016
    Quote: Vsevolod136
    How much can you flood with this cart of yours?

    Do you have other solutions? - Let's discuss.
  7. 0
    August 17 2016
    The development of optical-electronic systems for the modernization of MANPADS began.
    The main thing is that modernization is entrusted to those who are versed in these optoelectronic systems. And then recently, our optical instrument making products are very different in quality.
  8. +3
    August 17 2016
    It is reported that the new opto-electronic systems will be part of the updated anti-aircraft systems. The basis of the latter will have to be special launchers with remote control. They will be mounted MANPADS with a set of necessary equipment, as well as the necessary ECO devices. Such complexes can be placed in the right area at the most convenient positions. Calculations of anti-aircraft systems will be at a safe distance from launchers.

    Already done and adopted. wink
    April 9 2012
    Anti-aircraft missile system Red Sky 2






    1. +1
      August 17 2016
      Quote: professor
      Already done and adopted


      It could not be otherwise. Today there are no prophets in modern Russia. Even in Soviet times, innovation didn’t make the way, but it did. And after the collapse of the USSR, only copying those solutions that have already been tried by someone else and have proved their viability is permissible.
      It is one thing when an expert reasonably proves the promise of innovation, and another thing when he refers to other people's experience, even if he does not refer to it. The first way is risky (the first always takes risks, for that it is the first). The second is a win-win. And if an expert is also interested in the manufacturer?
    2. 0
      December 22 2016
      hehe, and how much time should I deploy everything to deploy? and then collect it? and if the Ka-50 (well, or Apache) sees the first launch, so it’s loud with a 10 km whirlwind or Helfaer, does someone run to collect the installation? so the question of efficiency-costs of this tripod is almost stationary is zero, and no more
  9. +1
    August 17 2016
    Using optoelectronic systems, MANPADS gunners will be able to monitor the air situation and search for targets. Upon detection of an air target or obtaining third-party target designation, the calculations will have to take the object for tracking and, after it enters the affected area, launch a rocket. It is understood that placing the gunner and launcher in different positions will reduce risks for people.

    And if we integrate the mechanism of the anti-helicopter mine into this development, we get an automatic complex.
  10. +3
    August 17 2016
    The development of optical-electronic systems for the modernization of MANPADS began.
    When they write that "development is completed," or even better, "production has begun" - then it will be news. But for now ... A lot of developments are starting. Only a few reach the final stage.
    1. PKK
      +1
      August 17 2016
      And even better: Waxes are saturated with new optoelectronic systems, further modernization is underway. In the meantime, there are no planes where MANPADS are deployed, and where there are planes there are no MANPADS.
  11. 0
    December 22 2016
    In the case of using remote control systems, MANPADS operators are able to stay at a safe distance from their weapons. This means that if the launcher is destroyed, the operator will not suffer.

    outright nonsense, first of all, this stationary MANPADS must be delivered to the site and assembled, it is necessary to solve two main problems, the weight of such an installation and the time of its "raking-raking" - that is, the loss of mobility, second, - the launched missiles may not hit the target , and the launch site in 100 percent of 100 will be spotted, which one will run to reload it, and even more so "rake-rake" when the answer will not keep you waiting, and in this perspective, the third question is obvious - who will pay for the undoubtedly EXPENSIVE MANPADS destroyed , the fact of the matter is that MANPADS were created to reduce the time of shelling,

"Right Sector" (banned in Russia), "Ukrainian Insurgent Army" (UPA) (banned in Russia), ISIS (banned in Russia), "Jabhat Fatah al-Sham" formerly "Jabhat al-Nusra" (banned in Russia) , Taliban (banned in Russia), Al-Qaeda (banned in Russia), Anti-Corruption Foundation (banned in Russia), Navalny Headquarters (banned in Russia), Facebook (banned in Russia), Instagram (banned in Russia), Meta (banned in Russia), Misanthropic Division (banned in Russia), Azov (banned in Russia), Muslim Brotherhood (banned in Russia), Aum Shinrikyo (banned in Russia), AUE (banned in Russia), UNA-UNSO (banned in Russia), Mejlis of the Crimean Tatar People (banned in Russia), Legion “Freedom of Russia” (armed formation, recognized as terrorist in the Russian Federation and banned)

“Non-profit organizations, unregistered public associations or individuals performing the functions of a foreign agent,” as well as media outlets performing the functions of a foreign agent: “Medusa”; "Voice of America"; "Realities"; "Present time"; "Radio Freedom"; Ponomarev; Savitskaya; Markelov; Kamalyagin; Apakhonchich; Makarevich; Dud; Gordon; Zhdanov; Medvedev; Fedorov; "Owl"; "Alliance of Doctors"; "RKK" "Levada Center"; "Memorial"; "Voice"; "Person and law"; "Rain"; "Mediazone"; "Deutsche Welle"; QMS "Caucasian Knot"; "Insider"; "New Newspaper"