Military Review

Special contingent. Part of 1

Special contingent. Part of 1

Living conditions have a significant effect on the physical condition of a person and his performance. In the Geneva Convention on the Maintenance of Prisoners of War of 1929, the article 10 stated: “Prisoners of war are placed in buildings or barracks, representing every possible guarantee of hygiene and health. The premises must be completely protected from moisture, sufficiently heated and lighted. Precautions against fire should be taken. With regard to bedrooms: the total area, the minimum cubic capacity of the bed and their equipment should be the same as in the military units of the power that contains the prisoners. ” Article 9 called on the warring parties to avoid connecting people of different races and nationalities in the same camp.

The Soviet Union did not sign the Geneva Convention. The provision on prisoners of war adopted by the Soviet government in June 1941 of the year on the subject matter did not comply with international law. The article 9 recorded: "Prisoners of war are provided with living quarters, linen, clothes, shoes, food and other basic necessities, as well as money allowances according to the standards established by the Office of the NKVD of the USSR for prisoners of war and internees." Article 10 provided for the placement of prisoners of war of officers and equivalent persons separately from other prisoners of war.

Prior to the start of 1943, the establishment of normal living conditions for enemy soldiers captured was given little attention. The difficult situation at the front, the failures of the Red Army, a small number of prisoners of war seemed to push this task to the background. The main focus was on isolating prisoners of war from the outside world. Their placement in private apartments or in the same houses with workers and employees was strictly prohibited. For this time, it was characteristic that the creation of new camps was carried out in the "fire" order, when enemy soldiers were already at the receiving points. Therefore, in the first camps there were no most elementary living conditions.

Since November 1942, the number of prisoners has grown rapidly. For their upkeep, the NKVD is expanding existing production camps to 64 thousands of places, organizing new camps to 55 thousands of places to use contingent at enterprises of the timber, coal industry, building materials industry and on the construction of Chelyabmetallurgstroy of the NKVD of the USSR. Living conditions in a number of newly created camps were simply unsuitable for the maintenance of people. It is not by chance that the 24 of February 1943 of the USSR was abolished by the NKVD of the USSR as non-responsive camps: Syavsky, Iset-Ayatsky, Methilovsky, Tyumen, Ashinsky, Elabuzhsky, Tedzhensky, on the construction of the Panshino - Kalach railway.

Decisive measures to improve the deployment of enemy troops in rear camps have been taken since spring 1943. This was due to the transition of the strategic initiative into the hands of the Red Army, the beginning of the liberation of the occupied territory of the country, the high mortality rate among prisoners of war and the increased value of prisoners as labor.

16 March 1943, the NKVD of the USSR ordered “to create the necessary living conditions for the detention of prisoners of war in the residential premises of the camps; in the shortest possible time to equip all the living quarters with bunks for lying, as well as with the necessary solid and household equipment (washstands, tables, benches, water barrels and others); to maintain a temperature in the living quarters for prisoners of war not lower than minus 4 degrees Celsius, for which purpose we must provide all the rooms with stoves and the necessary fuel. ” When opening new camps, the delivery of contingent was allowed only with full readiness of the premises, their internal equipment, availability of sanitary and food units, provision of the necessary food supplies.

6 on April 1943 of the year was approved a model contract of the Office for Prisoners of War and Interned Persons (hereinafter referred to as UPVI) of the NKVD of the USSR on the procedure for the labor use of prisoners of war, internees and special contingents. The delivery of labor to the camp was again made dependent on the presence in it of fully equipped premises for the placement of the contingent, as well as staff and the creation of all the necessary conditions for the protection and regime.

The model contract contained three lists of premises and their equipment, which enterprises should have had when organizing a camp. The first list included residential and domestic premises, concentrated in one place in a special residential area, which was supposed to be isolated from the civilian population by enclosing a wooden fence or wire fence.

Living quarters could consist of barracks and dugouts adapted for winter. They were supposed to equip bunk beds. The norm of living space was set at the rate of 2 square. m per person. At the same time, it was allowed to accommodate double insulated tents for housing. The same list included latrines, dryers for clothes and shoes, and sinks.

The list number 2 included administrative, utility and sanitary facilities: camp headquarters, inpatient and outpatient clinic, kitchen and dining room, food warehouse, vegetable storehouse, guardhouse, guard and living quarters for the external and internal security of the camp, camp fencing, guard towers, bathhouse, descamera, laundry, etc. according to relevant regulations.

The list number 3 included information about the equipment of the above premises.

In order to quickly change the conditions in the 20 industrial camps in May 1943, First Deputy Commissar of Internal Affairs of the USSR, Commissioner of State Security 2 rank S.N. Kruglov ordered to stop the withdrawal of the contingent on all production work under contracts with enterprises (construction, coal mining, logging, development of stone, peat extraction, etc.) for a period of 10 days. It was suggested that this time be used for landscaping camps, fuel storage, gathering wild greens, harvesting hay and straw for stuffing mattresses. If necessary, the period of distraction of prisoners from production work was allowed to extend.

To create a spare housing stock of 9 on April 1943 of the year, People's Commissar of Internal Affairs of the USSR, the Commissioner for State Security L.P. Beria issued a strictly secret order, which ordered to bring in the capacity of prisoners of war camps to 1943 in 500 of the year.

The construction was carried out by the construction and operational department of the Main Directorate of the Border Troops of the NKVD of the USSR on standard projects without approved estimates, using labor from among the prisoners of war and special contingent, with payment for the work done at actual cost. At the beginning of 1944, as a part of UPVI, its own construction and operational department is created, which was entrusted with the control over the construction of new, expansion and additional equipment of existing camps. Construction from this point on was carried out by camps in an economic way.

The operation of buildings and structures of the camps was entrusted to UPVI, in connection with which an apartment-operational department was created in the central office of the UPVI, and the position of the head of an apartment-operational unit was introduced in the camps.

It should be noted that in wartime often the conditions for the deployment of enemy soldiers, even in the same camp, were different. So, in the Beketov camp No. 108 in Stalingrad in the fall of 1944, in the first branch of the camp (plant No. 264 - Shipyard), designed for 2500 people, in fact there were 2651 people. They were located in the barracks (with roofing felts and furnace heating, double-deck carriages bunk beds) and two stone two-storey buildings (with boarding roofing, wooden floors, furnace heating).

In the second section (oil depot), designed for 800 people, three frame-type dugouts with bulk roof, furnace heating and with continuous bunks were adapted for dormitories.

In the third compartment (Rechstroy), the contingent huddled in a barge, equipped for housing with bunk beds and stoves. Prisoners of war of the Fourth Division at Stalgres and Plant No. 91 were kept in two one-story wooden buildings with a roofing sheet roof, furnace heating and two-story carriage-type plank beds, as well as in three semi-earthen structures of frame type with bulk roof, furnace heating and two-level plank beds, each of which was designed. 300 people.
At the final stage of the war, the number of captured enemy soldiers continued to grow rapidly. In February, the NKVD ordered 1945 to prepare the camps to receive new parties. Warehouses, stables, and other services were removed from the camp zones. The norm of living space per person when placed on a two-tier plank floor was set minimum - 1,2 square. m

To prepare the housing stock on time, the NKVD of the USSR allowed industrial enterprises to allocate healthy prisoners for these purposes. The camps leadership was offered to receive from the local authorities for permanent or temporary use of empty campuses, groups of buildings that could be used to organize new camps and their branches.

Conditions in the newly opened camps and camps remained unsatisfactory until the end of the war. This was especially characteristic of the territory subjected to the occupation, and the front-line regions, where often the local population had no place to live. As of 1 in January 1945, in Korosten camp No. 110 of 4019, only 606 people had the opportunity to sleep on the bunk, the rest - on the cement or dirt floor in the barracks that had previously served as storage rooms and stables. Because of overcrowding, some of the prisoners slept sitting. At the same time the barracks were not heated, there was no transport for the supply of firewood.

The 3110 people of the Bendery camp No.104 were in the same three-story building. Windows, doors and bunks were not available. We slept on the cement floor. Bathhouse, building materials and transport were absent. In Zaporizhia camp No.100 half of the contingent was in unsuitable housing for premises. All the newly opened branches of the Chelyabinsk camp No. XXUMX were not ready to receive the contingent. In the Volga camp No. 102, the contingent was placed in 265 dugouts, of which only five were covered with timber, the rest - with a tarpaulin. The situation in camps No. 17, 126, 147, 148, 163, 183, 204 and many others was no better.

As a rule, in most cases, the perpetrators of admission to unprepared camps were camp chiefs, who, under pressure from local management, incorrectly informed the UPVI. NKVD of the USSR. And although later on such measures were often taken to influence (removed from work with a demotion, arrested), many prisoners lost their health was impossible.

In the summer of 1945, the NKVD of the USSR had 240 camps for prisoners of war in the structure of the Main Directorate for Prisoners of War and Internment (hereinafter - GUGI) of the NKVD of the USSR. In order to prevent an increase in mortality, 15 Jun L.P. Beria ordered the production of captive enterprises as the latter were ready for their reception and placement. In the absence of the necessary conditions, enemy soldiers were allowed to transfer to other people's commissariats and departments who had the opportunity to accept them and use them at work.

Units not prepared for the placement of people disbanded. Thus, by order of the NKVD of the USSR, 30 camps organized in April-August of 1945 were abolished in various parts of the country in 22 in August.

In the fall of 1945, soldiers of the Japanese army taken prisoner began to arrive in the USSR. On the application of their labor received applications from 629 enterprises 34 Commissariat for 1 382 thousands of people. Analysis of the applications showed that the enterprises to which the prisoners were allocated by the decision of the USSR State Defense Committee were able to accommodate only 224 thousand people, other enterprises had premises for another 112 thousand people. There were nowhere to place more than 150 thousands of other former Japanese soldiers.

The NKVD of the USSR took urgent measures to deploy camps for the Japanese and create in them the proper conditions of life, food, medical care and labor use. "The fast and high-quality equipment of the camps' housing stock," the NKVD directive of November November 12 emphasized, "is of particular importance due to the onset of the winter period." Special commissions led by the chiefs of the NKVD-UNKVD or their deputies were sent to all the camps. The heads of the PKVD-UNKVD were warned about their personal responsibility for the condition of the camps. The improvement of the camps was considered the main work of the ministers of the NKVD of the republics, the heads of the NKVD of the territories and regions, and the heads of the camps' directorates.

As a rule, a month and a half before the arrival of prisoners of war and interned Japanese, the heads of enterprises and construction projects were warned about this and received instructions from their commissariats, local Soviet and party bodies about the need for preparation for housing people and auxiliary fund. However, it was not easy to perform this work in a short time with an acute shortage of building materials and workers.

To be continued ...

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  1. Fitter65
    Fitter65 10 August 2016 06: 47
    As a rule, a month and a half before the arrival of prisoners of war and interned Japanese, the heads of enterprises and construction sites were warned about this and received instructions from their people's commissariats, local Soviet and party bodies about the need to prepare a housing and support fund for the placement of people
    The hostilities (the war with Japan) began on 9.08.1945,2.09.1945/24/25.06.1945, XNUMX/XNUMX/XNUMX Japan signed the Act of Surrender. Well, I'm trying to connect the above quote with reality. And we get at the entrance that the leaders of construction projects, the numbers are about XNUMX-XNUMX, already preparing to receive Japanese prisoners of war. Cool! As the classic said: "... I slap my ears on the cheeks" with delight. Although on the other hand the signature under the articleAuthor Polina Efimovaeverything falls into place. laughing
    1. Riv
      Riv 10 August 2016 08: 18
      To be precise, the construction sites were always ready to accept a new contingent. It doesn’t matter, Germans, or Japanese. If there is a hut in the zone in which one hundred people live, then another hundred can be crammed into the same hut. Nothing, make room. Then give them a tool and build yourself a second hut.

      In our district, the CHP plant worked on peat, and my grandmother worked on peat harvesting. The first two war years were very difficult. Women worked, a 12-hour working day, and teenagers were also attracted. And in the spring of the 43rd sappers of the NKVD arrived, in a week they erected several barracks and surrounded them with barbed wire. Then a column of captured Germans came from the station and settled in these barracks. And immediately it became easier on peat. Russian women were appointed brigadiers to prisoners, German tank mechanics tidied up some equipment. The plan began to be steadily overfulfilled.

      Many of those Germans remained in the area after the war. Why be surprised? By the end of the war, some had already acquired children here. Moreover, Germans were resettled from the Volga region, so the diaspora was already there.
      1. Fitter65
        Fitter65 10 August 2016 09: 28
        Quote: Riv
        To be precise, the construction sites were always ready to accept a new contingent. It doesn’t matter, Germans, or Japanese. If there is a hut in the zone in which one hundred people live, then another hundred can be crammed into the same hut. Nothing, make room. Then give them a tool and build yourself a second hut.

        So here the comrade author just concretizes As a rule, a month and a half before the receipt of prisoners of war and interned Japanese. Again, the construction sites were ready to accept people, but not every construction site had its own zone. And given how much it was being restored and built at that time, it simply was not realistic ... At each construction site, the factory has its own labor camp (zone). Although ... millions of prisoners from the Nazi camps were directly sent to the construction sites of socialism, because many still believe in this.
        1. Riv
          Riv 10 August 2016 09: 51
          Not at every factory. Zones were located in industrial areas where prison labor was used. For example, in the region before the war, we had two zones of general regime: washing (serving three plants and a thermal power plant) and lumbering (there were mainly non-convoy trucks there). During the war, a third was added, for prisoners of war, on peat mining.

          But the percentage of labor of prisoners was small and, as they say, early release and bail were very frequent. That is, if the convict is working normally and this can be seen, then he was simply formalized with an employment contract for the same plant, or logging and executed early. Under Beria, it was simple. In general, he can bring everything from the Gulag system to the subordination of the people's commissariats.

          "Then the test, then home, with five years behind." - just about such. Vysotsky knew the topic.
  2. parusnik
    parusnik 10 August 2016 06: 49
    I didn’t break into a tear ...
    1. Baron Wrangell
      Baron Wrangell 10 August 2016 08: 13
      Quote: parusnik
      I didn’t break into a tear ...

      struck a big spit!
  3. svp67
    svp67 10 August 2016 07: 43
    The bones of these "conquerors" still lie in large numbers in our land;
    1. Riv
      Riv 10 August 2016 17: 50
      Somehow this is not very Russian - guided tours of cemeteries. They came, although not voluntarily, stayed, let them lie. Also, after all, no one paved the way for the soldiers to Stalingrad. A feat, anyway. I’ve never heard a single disrespectful word about the Germans from my grandfathers, who both fought on the 42nd.
      1. Andrey Zh
        Andrey Zh 11 August 2016 20: 03
        Yes, my mum’s grandfather died in Western Ukraine in May 1944, and when he was dad, he reached Berlin and then with Japan, but he didn’t say a bad word about the Germans or the Japanese ... It happened on May 9 to put on his five he won’t drink medals, he drinks vodka, smokes and cries, cries ... smokes and cries, not much, like a man, it’s normal, we, at home, didn’t touch him all day ... over the years, we understood everything - war is not an easy thing not ambiguous!
  4. PKK
    PKK 10 August 2016 09: 18
    The fifth column should learn this article by heart, let them know what awaits them.
    1. Akuzenka
      Akuzenka 14 August 2016 00: 02
      Ahahah, this is a pipe dream for them, such a punishment is too mild for them.
  5. atos_kin
    atos_kin 10 August 2016 09: 38
    My distant relative survived 6 concentration camps that signed the Geneva Convention of Germany. Life conditions did not have to be met in any.
    1. MrK
      MrK 10 August 2016 22: 49
      I agree with my colleague atos_kin. I will supplement it.
      The article is kind of strange. Unhappy Germans and the "bloody" government of the USSR, which did not sign the convention. It's Polina's style.
      Let me remind you that the Soviet Union twice, in the note of the NKID of the USSR of November 25 of 1941 of the year and in the note of the NKID of April of 27 of the year 1942, declared the implementation of the principles of the Geneva Convention in relation to German prisoners of war [Popov A. B. Prisoners of the Great War: foreign prisoners of war in USSR in 1941-1945 Rostov-on-Don, 2001]. Moreover, in a note of April 27 1942 it was said that the USSR acceded to the Geneva Convention de facto ...
      Second. In Europe, the treatment of prisoners was always governed by case law - the enemy country treated prisoners of war in the same way as their own soldiers who were captured.
      Of the one and a half million French soldiers and officers who were in German captivity in the summer of 1940, 2,6% died or died.
      Of the 3 770 560 purely German troops, of which 356 678 died in captivity (14,9%), they were returned to Germany to repatriate 3 532 873.
      Of the Soviet prisoners of war, according to German data, more than 57% died. Our prisoners ate bark from trees in German camps. And the trees stood with bare trunks - to the level of human growth.
      If the Germans complied with at least the Hague Convention, the camps for Soviet prisoners of war would not have turned into death camps. According to German data, they were destroyed 3 Soviet prisoners of war.
      The third. Any agreements, any conventions are only worth something if the parties intend to comply with them. The Americans signed all possible conventions, while the American soldiers died in Japanese camps like flies.
      Fourth. From the order of the Wehrmacht command on the treatment of Soviet prisoners of war from September 8 to 1941 of the year:
      «For the first time, a German soldier faces an adversary trained not only in the military, but also in the political sense, in the spirit of destructive Bolshevism. The fight against National Socialism is in his blood. He leads it by all means at his disposal: sabotage, rotting propaganda, arson, murder. Therefore, the Bolshevik soldier lost all right to claim treatment as an honest soldier in accordance with the Geneva Agreements"[USSR State Security Agencies in the Great Patriotic War. T. 2. Start. Book 2. 1 of September - 31 of December of 1941 of the year. - M .: Olma-Press, 2000].
      Like this. The whole thing turns out that the Germans treated Soviet citizens as being subject to destruction, and bourgeois historians and our liberal scribes Polina now blame the Soviet leadership for this.
      Fifth. But then, what the Germans did on our land, it was possible to shoot them all. And they were treated, fed and given work to restore what they destroyed. respectfully
      1. fitter71
        fitter71 11 October 2016 20: 49
        on my own I will add: the general statistics include the losses of the Nazis at Stalingrad. I am not ready to give exact numbers straight away, but less than 90% of about 000 have returned home. and not at all because of the "inhuman" attitude towards the prisoners - they were starved first of all by Paulus (with Hitler) refusing to capitulate, as a result of which the mortality of the prisoners was so high even after they began to be fed (in captivity!) ... that's all. I mean that if you subtract the "consequences" of the Stalingrad operation, the mortality statistics of German prisoners of war will change, if not significantly, then very noticeably ...
  6. Timyr
    Timyr 10 August 2016 10: 23
    Well, what nonsense The Soviet Union did not sign the Geneva Convention. And the signature of the People’s Commissar for Foreign Affairs, who signed the Geneva Convention, probably seemed to me. Ah, poor things on the floor were sleeping. Nobody called them to us. Attached without invitation, destroyed half the country, got in the face. Now you see it was bad for them in the camps. And our prisoners were fed prisoners of shaanesh. Complete ignorance of the story of Pauline.
    1. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 10 August 2016 14: 11
      Quote: timyr
      Well, what nonsense The Soviet Union did not sign the Geneva Convention. And the signature of the People’s Commissar for Foreign Affairs, who signed the Geneva Convention, probably seemed to me.

      There were 2 Geneva Conventions of 1929:
      - "Convention for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded and Sick in Armed Forces in the Field",
      - "Convention relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War".
      The first USSR signed. The second is not.

      Nevertheless, Germany signed the "Convention relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War". And for all signatories, compliance with the provisions of the convention was mandatory in relation to all prisoners of war.
  7. search engine
    search engine 10 August 2016 11: 46
    "USSR [edit | edit wiki text]
    The USSR did not sign the Geneva Convention on Prisoners of War. According to documents, in 1929 the USSR signed the Convention on improving the fate of the wounded and sick in the army, one of the two Geneva Conventions of 1929, but did not sign the Convention on Prisoners of War:

    On July 27, 1929, the Geneva Conference developed a convention on the detention of prisoners of war. The USSR government did not participate either in the drafting of this convention or in its ratification [5].
    Instead of joining the Convention on March 19, 1931, the CEC and the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR adopted the "Regulations on Prisoners of War", which generally repeated the Convention, but which also had a number of differences. The Soviet government did not consider it necessary to sign the Convention because it acceded to the Hague Conference, containing all the most important provisions, as Geneva [6].
  8. sdv68
    sdv68 10 August 2016 12: 02
    There is one subtle point. Why should the author of this article (instead of resenting the conditions of detention of German prisoners of war) not compare the mortality of Soviet prisoners of war in Nazi concentration camps, and the mortality of German (and their allies) prisoners of war in Soviet.


    The Soviet Union did not sign the Geneva Convention.
    But the Soviet Union in 1918 ratified the Hague Convention.

    In connection with these conventions, the first question that arises is so popular among our liberals. Type "the USSR did not sign the Geneva Convention and that is why Germany treated our prisoners of war in this way - that is, worse than with animals."

    Here are just aforementioned liberals for some reason forget two things.
    1. The Hague Convention ratified by the Soviet government, according to which the rules for the treatment of prisoners of war are strictly defined.

    2. Germany (unlike the USSR) did sign the Geneva Convention. And in it among other things were the following articles

    "Article Four."
    A power that has taken prisoners of war is obliged to take care of their maintenance.

    “Article eighty-two.”
    The provisions of this convention must be respected by the high contracting parties in all circumstances. If in case of war one of the belligerents is not party to the convention, nevertheless, its provisions remain binding on all belligerents who have signed the convention.

    Therefore, since Germany signed this convention then she was obliged to treat prisoners of war equally regardless of whether the belligerent country signed this convention or not.
    1. Andrey Zh
      Andrey Zh 11 August 2016 19: 39
      Sorry, but in 1918 the USSR did not exist yet - the date of the organization of the USSR on December 30, 1922! ...
  9. EvilLion
    EvilLion 10 August 2016 12: 06
    The Soviet Union did not sign the Geneva Convention. The regulations on prisoners of war adopted by the Soviet government in June 1941 on the issue under consideration did not comply with international law.

    For stupid explain. The Geneva Convention is a unilateral obligation of the signatory and is applied by him even in the event of a war with the Mumbo-Yumbo tribe, which simply eats prisoners. For example, all Polish officers who were shot in Katyn have insignia, because the Germans did not give a damn about what they would do with these tzatski, but the Geneva concentration, which Germany signed, allowed the insignia, unlike Soviet norms. However, there are no norms of international law regarding whether it is possible to combine colonels with privates in one hut, or whether it is necessary to take into account the tender soul of some Americanos who does not sit on the same bus with a black man. In this regard, the USSR could do what it wanted, write its own, and join with reservations. So do not write stupidity. International law - this is international treaties, there are no treaties - there is no right, and it is impossible to violate what is not, or by which you did not sign.

    Well, as with the Germans, who signed all that was needed, things were up to date with all the rest besides placing tzatsk on a cap, grandfathers who had the imprudence to meet would tell a lot. But you go ahead and repeat the nonsense that it was Stalin's fault and did not sign the piece of paper that the Germans had wiped their ass in fact.
  10. Resistance
    Resistance 10 August 2016 13: 18
    Grandfather fought in the 2nd shock army, was captured. He told how the Nazis built them in a row and shot every 10th. He’s never turned 10
  11. tiaman.76
    tiaman.76 10 August 2016 14: 33
    which are not what conditions they created if possible .. they worked off their fault .. the grandmother said the Germans in a bitter house built it during the day and in the evenings it happened they went to dances (he remembered such gallant ones said .. cheerful girls for the sake of interest were dancing with them, but not of any kind of shura, of course there was no mure)) .. they did not look exhausted and hungry .. which is quite strikingly different from their camps where the task is not so much the labor of prisoners of war but rather their extermination .. in the Soviet Union it’s certainly not such a task set .. harsh content was only in relation to scumbags ss .. well, they were not considered prisoners of war and war criminals that negotiated with the Allies
  12. magician
    magician 10 August 2016 17: 40
    captured Germans restored many objects of the national economy, qualitatively restored, the labor of their hands is still alive. But after all, no one compared the work of our people and the pay according to work the difference? The prisoners ’rations were more significant than the rations of a woman and a 13-year-old boy. They ate humanism, but they never offended a prisoner in Russia, they were ready to give everything for their hard work, to starve themselves and to issue the same volumes. Russian soul, personal example.
    1. ty60
      ty60 3 October 2016 00: 53
      Now in Saratov massively demolished 2 floors of the building during the war. Prisoners were built qualitatively.
  13. Thomas I do not believe40
    Thomas I do not believe40 11 August 2016 09: 19
    Yes, the filthy Nazi, the SOVIET PEOPLE did not count people, they shot and persecuted without a count. What could be the market.
    Right now, we’ve taken fashion, the Wehrmacht was good, it’s a pancake that they only committed atrocities.
    I hate reptiles, after the war they had to be buried in the ground. Modern Russian people still pulled on a fascist form, we say damn reenactors
    and we don’t advocate the ideas of the Nazis. The Nazi fascist-fetishists spend a lot of money on pricks.
  14. DimerVladimer
    DimerVladimer 11 August 2016 14: 22
    Chelyabinsk camp №102

    Houses - built in Chelyabinsk by captured German soldiers - are still preserved. Several streets of houses of unusual architecture - German solid houses.

    The old men said that they fed the German prisoners, gave them cigarettes - a few years after the Victory, the defeated enemy was treated with sympathy - the outgoing Russian people.
  15. dobrinja
    dobrinja 12 August 2016 13: 45
    On March 16, 1943, the NKVD of the USSR ordered "to create the necessary living conditions for prisoners of war to maintain in residential premises for prisoners of war a temperature of at least minus 4 degrees Celsius, for which to ensure all rooms are equipped with furnaces and the necessary fuel supply."
    This is not a mistake, about minus 4 degrees ?! I would like to know the number of the order, directive of March 16, 1943. Something is not believed that they were going to contain people in such conditions (even prisoners of war)
  16. fitter71
    fitter71 11 October 2016 20: 42
    article minus. sorry it's virtual. although ... there is no desire to read the rest of the parts after THIS, but I admit that the rest of the parts will cover a not so "liberal view" of prisoners in the USSR. in this case - perhaps - I would have reconsidered my attitude to a more neutral one. but after such an unsubstantiated part - in + you can't get out anymore. So it goes...