1. VICTOR CHUKARIN (1921 – 1984)
He twice won the title of absolute Olympic champion in gymnastics - in 1952-m in Helsinki and four years in Melbourne. No one was able to surpass this result, only Japanese Savao Kato managed to repeat Chukarin's result in 1972 and 1976. But Kato was never able to become the absolute world champion, and Chukarin in 1954 won this title in a fair fight. In addition, he won his first Olympic medal in 31 year - for gymnastics it is the retirement age. And in Melbourne, Chukarin won three gold medals at thirty-five! And few knew that the elegant king of the dais in 1941 had volunteered for the front. After being wounded, he was captured. Passed through several concentration camps, was sentenced to death ... When Victor returned home, the mother did not recognize him, so he was exhausted. But he, as an obsessive person, resumed training and already in 1946-m took part in the USSR championship, and two years later became the absolute champion of the country in gymnastics. Amazing fate.
2. Alexey Katulin (1906 – 1982)
He alone in our list did not win the Olympic "gold" as an athlete. At a time when wrestler Alexei Katulin reigned on the mat, the Soviet Union did not take part in competitions. But it was Katulin who, as trainer and chairman of the federation, organized the triumphal debut of the Soviet wrestlers at the 1952 Olympiad, the winners of which were Boris Gurevich, Yakov Punkin, Shazam Safin and Johannes Kotkas.
His youth came in the 1920s. Alexey worked at a shoe factory, in the summer almost every day he played football, in the winter he skated. However, this sporting fame overtook him when Katulin tried his strength on the wrestling mat. At the beginning of 1930, he became the strongest wrestler of the country, and then proved himself as a coach. Shortly after the start of the war, Katulin led a partisan detachment in the occupied Smolensk region. He acted bravely and prudently, derailed German echelons, blew up communications ... In one of the shootings, he was captured after a heavy concussion. He - a communist, an officer - by a miracle (and not without military tricks) managed to avoid execution. On the fifth attempt, Katulin was able to flee to his ... He became an indispensable sports intellectual: the chairman of the Soviet Wrestling Federation and the first domestic vice president of the International Wrestling Federation (FILA). Sedin, glasses, elegant suit ... He rarely recalled the military past.
3. IVAN UDODOV (1924 – 1981)
The first Soviet Olympic champion was he - the easiest in weightlifting, weightlifter, Rostovite Ivan Udodov. Before him, the Olympic triumph was opened by the lady of the disc thrower Nina Ponomareva-Romashkova. The main rival of the Rostov weightlifter at the Olympics was considered Iranian unique Mahmud Namdiyu, world record holder, multiple Olympic champion ... But Udodov unexpectedly won with the Olympic record. An Iranian lagged behind 7,5 kg ... He later confirmed his Udodov class at the world championships.
Strange as it may seem, doctors brought him to weightlifting. They advised to go in for sports. When the war began, seventeen-year-old Udodov did not have time to get into service. In the autumn, when the Nazis first captured Rostov-on-Don, the youth was hijacked directly from an orphanage to forced labor in Germany. He had to work at an aircraft factory. Udodov decided to escape, but was captured ... He, like other fugitives, was sent to a concentration camp. Two years, until the very end of the war, the future champion spent in Buchenwald. In April, American soldiers carrying 1945 were carrying a sick guy to the hospital. He weighed 29 kg. I had to re-learn to walk ... strength returned gradually. In Rostov, the doctor advised him on sport, weightlifting. Ivan studied as a chauffeur, and in the evenings he came to the gym ... Talent manifested itself quickly: in 1949, Udodov took a high fifth place in the national championship in the easiest category, and in 1951, he became the champion of the USSR.
4. YAKOV PUNKIN (1921 – 1994)
A young athlete, wrestler of the classical (Greco-Roman) style, Jacob Punkin, has been with the Red Army since April 1941. Just a time has come to serve. Punkin was on the front line already in June. And in one of the first battles in the summer of 1941, he, contused, was captured. Until the summer, 1942 was in the Fullen prisoner-of-war camp in northwestern Germany, and since the summer of 1942, he was transferred to Osnabrück, from where he was sent to farms for agricultural work. In captivity, he, a Jew, presented himself as an Ossetian. In 1945, he was released from the Mennen camp. Punkin continued his service in the Red Army and soon became the champion of the Armed Forces in the semi-lightweight category. Then he developed his crown reception - throw deflection, with a sharp change in the trajectory. In the final of the 1952 Olympics, this shot helped him to extinguish two of his strongest rivals - the Hungarian
and Egyptian. Punkin was called "lightning on the carpet." The Olympics in Helsinki was the high point of the front-line soldier.
5. NIKOLAY SOLOGUBOV (1924 – 1988)
In the 1950s, he was the best defender in world hockey. Our athletes first took part in the Winter Olympics in 1956 in the Alpine Italian town of Cortina d'Ampezzo. Nikolai Sologubov then became the first "winter" standard-bearer of the USSR national team. Only one hockey player in history was twice named the best player in the Olympics. It was he - the Soviet defender, front-line soldier, soldier Nikolai Sologubov - in 1956 and in 1960. By the way, already in 1956 he turned 32 years old. Until now, no one - not a single goalkeeper, defender or forward - has managed to repeat his achievements. The rivals did not know that Sologubov had returned from the front with broken tibia. He fought desperately and skillfully, twice returned to service after being seriously wounded ...
He not only interrupted his opponent’s attacks with unexpected power moves and deft maneuvers, but also attacked. When the Canadian defender broke his face at the Olympics 56, Sologubov dismissed the doctor: “We will be treated after the game!”. In 350 games, he threw 128 pucks - a unique result for the defender.
First place - Arkady Vorobiev!
6. ARKADY SPARROWS (1924 – 2012)
He had a motto: "To fight knee-deep in blood and to win, forcing other people's rooms to stand up to the sounds of our hymn."
Arkady Vorobyov - an era in the history of world sports. An outstanding weight-lifter, a real hero, a sports intellectual, he twice won the Olympic "gold", and won a silver medal at his first Olympiad in Helsinki. In 1960, at the Olympics in Rome, Sparrow in 36 years became a two-time Olympic champion.
He beat world records more than once. He managed to continue the victorious traditions as a coach of the national team. We remember Vorobyov as a talented doctor, doctor of medical sciences, researcher, founder of the Malakhov Institute of Physical Education. He rushed to the front from the school bench - and at seventeen, on the third attempt, put on a gymnast. He served in the Marine Corps, was a diver, distinguished himself when crossing the Danube. His first sports title is the champion of the Black Sea fleet. A ticket to sports life was given to front-line soldier Marshal Georgy Zhukov ...
7. YURI TUKALOV (ROD. 1930)
I saw the bust of Alexander Suvorov in the Novoladozhsky local history museum. “This is a gift from the Leningrad sculptor Yury Tyukalov!” The guides tell. When the war ended, he was walking for the fifteenth year, but the boy was already wearing the medal “For the Defense of Leningrad”. He spent all the days of the blockade in the besieged city. Barely alive, he helped those who were completely weak, put out fires. I was ready to stand for Leningrad until my last breath. And after the victory, he recuperated not only in hospitals, but also in gymnasiums. From the time of Peter the Great, they knew a lot about rowing fun on the Neva. Tyukalov in the beginning. The 1950's became one of the best Soviet rowers. At our first Olympiad - in Helsinki in 1952 - he won the prestigious “loner”, and four years later in Melbourne became the champion in the “two”. After a great sport, he graduated from the Leningrad Higher Art and Industrial School named after VI. The fly In his sculptures - the history of St. Petersburg, the history of the Great Patriotic. Defender of Leningrad, Olympic champion, sculptor, and today works in his hometown.
8. ANATOLY BOGDANOV (1931 – 2001)
Award-bearer, two-time Olympic champion, multiple world champion, Europe and the USSR in bullet shooting in rifle exercises. He surpassed all the heirs of William Tell. Anatoly Bogdanov - one of the most titled masters of his craft, an outstanding shooter. He was given a surname in an orphanage: Bogdanov is God-given. And he had to mature in besieged Leningrad. At eleven he was already rushing to the front. He admired the fighters, naval sailors who defended Leningrad. Bogdanov became the cabin boy, served on the boat. There, in the navy, during the war years he learned to shoot. And then he also mastered an intricate musical instrument - the trombone, performed in a military orchestra. He suffered a serious illness. And then, after the Victory, he found himself in the sport and became one of the best snipers of the twentieth century.
9. GRANT SHAGHINYAN (1923 – 1996)
At the Olympics debut for our athletes in Helsinki in 1952, Grant Shaginyan won two gold and two silver medals. The most impressive was his performance on horseback, at the end of which he performed a dismount for the first time, which later entered into international terminology as “Shaginyan’s spinner”. In the struggle for absolute primacy, he lost only to Viktor Chukarin, and for the exercise on the rings he won the Olympic gold medal. During the competition it was difficult to notice that the gymnast limping. But he returned to the sport after being seriously wounded ...
In the summer of 1941, a young, promising gymnast volunteered to the front. From the war he returned as an officer, with awards and wounds. I could hardly move with my wand. Overcoming the pain, straightened his leg to try again in the gym. Three years after the Victory, Grant became one of the best athletes of the Union.
10. EUGENE LOPATIN (1917 – 2011)
Before the war he was the weightlifting champion of Leningrad in lightweight. And since August 1942, Lieutenant Lopatin, the commander of a company of anti-tank guns, fought at Stalingrad. The power was useful to him at the front: the gun weighed 22 kg. The Nazis rushed to the Volga. September 11 under Yerzovka Lopatin caught a German sniper. Friends in the battle killed, and the weightlifter seemed to have lost his hand. The bullet went right through, cut the bone. In order to save his hand, Lopatin developed a set of special exercises for himself. Squeezing constantly spring dumbbell, rubber ball, holding the load with half-bent, curled fingers. Fingers began to come alive. In 1945, he took part in the USSR Championship and won a silver medal. And two years later, hard work became the champion of the country. At the Olympics in Helsinki, the wounded officer failed to win. The rival turned out to be too strong - the American Thomas Kono, a multiple champion of everything. However, such a silver medal is worth any victory. And then the soldier raised his son - the world record holder in the same sport.
11. ANATOLY PARFENOV (1925 – 1993)
In the film "Seventeen Moments of Spring" there is a scene: General Wolf returns from Switzerland, and at the airfield waiting for him from the Gestapo. On a close-up, a very impressive figure in a hat. This "Gestapo man" was born in the village of Dvornikovo near Moscow. And he fought against such here the Nazis, so that ridges cracked. In October, 1943, the detachment in which Anatoly Parfyonov served, received a task: to cross the Dnieper using improvised means. With a machine gun calculation, they sailed on the river, but the Nazis turned on the searchlights, and the storm fire hit the rafts. Anatolia blast wave thrown into the water. The machine gun went to the bottom. He dived and was able to get a machine gun from the bottom, and then first reached the shore and opened fire. In this battle he was wounded twice. And later, in a trench, he coped with three enemies. Senior Sergeant Parfyonov awarded the Order of Lenin. He didn’t play sports, he didn’t know the rules of wrestling. Only in 1951 year in 26 years began to engage in the gym. And, although after injuring his arm moved poorly, he quickly became one of the strongest athletes in the country and earned the nickname Hercules.
Anatoly Parfyonov in the film “Seventeen Moments of Spring”
Tall Parfenov struggled in the heaviest weight of the "classic". In 1956, he represented our country at the Olympic Games in Melbourne. Equal to him was not. Powerful German Wilfried Dietrich rescued before the Russian hero. "Gold"! And then the brave and strong man became a wonderful coach. Among his students is Nikolai Balboshin, one of the best wrestlers of the twentieth century, standard-bearer of the Moscow Olympics. And Parfenov sometimes filmed in the cinema.
12. MARIA GOROHOVSKAYA (1921 – 2001)
Maria Gorokhovskaya - the first in the history of the absolute Olympic champion in gymnastics. In Helsinki, she became the queen of the dais. She has two more records. In 1952, in Helsinki, for one Olympiad, she won seven medals: two gold and five silver. Until now, no one has managed to surpass this result. As none of the beautiful ladies could not win the absolute championship in such a "veteran" age - in thirty years. And during these thirty years, she happened to see something that would be enough for two lives ... The city of her childhood - Evpatoria. However, the war found Mary in Leningrad. During the blockade she worked in a military hospital and was on duty on the roofs of Leningrad buildings at night. In a state of extreme exhaustion, it was taken to Kazakhstan and they miraculously left it. She gave all her strength to work "for the front, for victory." It was for what to fight: the father was shot in the Crimea during the occupation, his brother died at the front. And there was enough will to become the best gymnast in the world!