The development of the project of a promising hydroacoustic system was reported in the Izvestia edition in the article “The Russian fleet will hear enemy submarines via satellites” published on July 20. The publication learned about the development of a new project and the progress of work from an unnamed representative of the Ministry of Defense, who was familiar with the current situation in creating new projects. Most of the information source "Izvestia" did not disclose because of secrecy, but announced some data.
Currently, the new project is at the stage of developing the necessary documentation. The design is scheduled to be completed next year, after which developers will need to get approval from the military. After obtaining the appropriate permit, the industry will be ready to begin production of the necessary products with their subsequent deployment in the specified areas. At the same time, the deployment dates, as well as the areas where new systems are located, were not mentioned by the Izvestia source for reasons of secrecy.
The scheme of the complex "Dniester". Figure Flot.com
It is reported that the development of a new project, the name of which is not specified, was entrusted to the Comet special-purpose space systems corporation (Moscow). This organization, which recently became a part of the Almaz-Antey air defense concern, has significant experience in the creation of various special equipment, including those used in the interests of the naval fleet. Also, dozens of other organizations involved in the creation of various components of the complex were involved in the development of the new project.
According to the source of the Izvestia publication, a prospective system designed to protect territorial waters from various attacks will consist of three main parts or circuits. The first circuit is marine. It will consist of hydroacoustic buoys and sensors of underwater placement, with the help of which it is proposed to collect data on the current situation in the protected area. The cosmic should interact with the sea contour. The vehicles of this circuit will have to receive signals from surface and underwater facilities, as well as relay them, transmitting to command posts. To analyze the incoming data with the release of information to other users in the new complex will include a special ground contour.
The characteristics of the hydroacoustic complex of a new type are not specified yet. It is claimed only that he will be able to find targets at a distance of several hundred kilometers. It can be used to search for submarines and surface ships of the enemy.
Thanks to the source of Izvestia, at the moment there is information only about the very existence of the new project, as well as about the general architecture of the prospective complex and the approximate dates for the start of its deployment. Other information about the project, including its name, is not yet subject to disclosure.
Despite the lack of information, certain conclusions and assumptions about the latest domestic development can be done now. Obviously, a new hydroacoustic complex is being created to monitor various water areas that need protection. These may be territorial waters, landfills and areas of deployment of ship groupings, exclusive economic zones and other water areas, for some reason or other of interest and in need of protection.
The presence of stationary sonar systems that monitor certain areas is necessary for continuous monitoring of the situation, and the data obtained from such complexes can be used for a variety of purposes. First of all, the operation of such systems allows ships to know the current situation even before entering the area where their own sonar systems can be used for reconnaissance. Both in peacetime and in wartime, this allows you to solve various tasks, knowing the location of a potential enemy or bypassing it.
Domestic ships and submarines are equipped with their own sonar systems, but their range usually does not exceed several tens of kilometers. In addition, to use such systems, the ship must go to sea. Stationary complexes, in turn, are able to constantly keep watch, as well as to produce target detection at large distances. Thus, the joint use of fixed and ship systems can significantly increase the capabilities of the fleet in the detection of various targets.
According to available data, at present, the Russian Navy is already using stationary hydroacoustic complexes whose task is to monitor the situation in some areas of territorial waters. For example, in the region of Kamchatka, in the seventies of the last century, the complex MGC-607 "Dniester" was deployed. With the help of large underwater antennas attached to heavy anchors, this complex monitors the surface and underwater conditions.
Another similar complex model MGC-608M is used to protect the bases of the Northern Fleet. According to various sources, this system has several frontiers, built from surveillance systems, each over 200 km in length. Interestingly, the earlier hydroacoustic complex covering the Kola Peninsula, has repeatedly become a topic of controversy. To improve the performance of such detection systems, it was proposed to deploy several new frontiers or replace the existing MGC-608M with a more advanced system.
Apparently, the debate about the development of sonar observation systems ended in a victory for supporters of the proposal to develop new complexes. The result was the emergence of a new project, which is currently being developed by the corporation of special-purpose space systems Kometa. According to reports, the new project should be developed by next year. After that, the project will be presented to the customer in the person of the Ministry of Defense and, in the event of approval, work will begin on the construction of new systems and their subsequent deployment.
Most of the information about the promising project is not yet to be disclosed, however, the published data are of some interest, and also allow us to speculate and draw conclusions. For example, information on the use of the three circuits of the complex suggests that the new project decided to abandon the traditional for such systems, cable communication antennas and controls. Cables can be put out of action by the enemy, which will disrupt the operation of the detection tools and greatly complicate their repair. Radio channel from this point of view looks more reliable.
Analyzing the published information, the Flot.com portal makes an interesting assumption regarding the overall architecture of the new complex. According to analysts of the portal, the sonar system can be built using drifting buoys that do not have a cable connection between them. This imposes special requirements for power systems, and also imposes restrictions on the deployment of the complex, however, allows you to get rid of some of the shortcomings of the previous complexes of similar purpose.
The approximate dates for the start of construction of a promising hydroacoustic system have already been determined and even hit the press. The deployment areas of the complex, in turn, remain secret. Moreover, there is every reason to believe that they will become known to the general public much later, maybe even in a few decades. A characteristic feature of such complexes is their vulnerability to various weapons and sabotage weapons. For this reason, and also taking into account strategic importance, the areas where the sonar systems are located should remain a secret.
So far, very little is known about the promising system for monitoring the situation in important water areas. There is information about the organization of the developer, the timing of the completion of the project and exemplary tasks and opportunities. Other data can not yet be announced for reasons of secrecy. However, in this case, there is a reason to assert that in the foreseeable future a new promising complex will appear in the Russian Navy's arsenal, which can positively affect the tracking of important areas and their protection from various threats.
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