Military Review

What is the Moscow-1 EW complex?

46
It is very pleasant to write about something that no one wrote about before. As they call it, exclusive. And when exclusive multiply-charged ...


In general, we were fortunate enough to be the first journalists to enter the territory of one of the EW brigades in the Western Military District. And the "feel" that is no less pleasant, is really the latest complexes.



The hero of our today's report is the Moscow-1 complex.

So far there are not many of them, but by the end of this year the number of these complexes should be 10 units. The approximate cost of one complex is about 350 million rubles.

What is a "Moscow"?

The complex consists of three components based on KamAZ vehicles.

1. Power plant.
2. Electronic intelligence module REER 1ЛХNUMX.

It is intended for search, detection, direction finding, measurement of parameters and tracking of air sources of radiation operating in the radio frequency bands UHF, L, S, C, X, Ku.

3. Automated control station stations interference 1Л266.

Designed to determine the coordinates, support of air sources of radiation by the triangulation method, automated planning of combat tasks of the use of EW-C.

By planning combat missions we mean not only determining the coordinates of air targets, but also defining the characteristics of targets, followed by classification and assignment of importance.

If you translate into a more understandable language: "Krasuha", for example, is capable of detecting some kind of aerial target. Determine the range in which this target emits, and suppress the electronic components of the target. Completely

However, this is acceptable in the case when the goal is single, or two or three.

In the case of a massive appearance of targets, it is unambiguously necessary to recognize these targets, determine the order of mining them and give target designation for jamming stations.

In the case of the appearance in the control zone, for example, targets that correspond in characteristics to two fighters, four fighter-bombers and two cruise missiles launched by the crew of a strategic bomber. It is the calculation of the "Moscow" complex that should determine for whom it is necessary to work out first of all, and issue the appropriate target designation at the jamming station or at the air defense systems that can work with Moscow in a single bundle.

The range of "Moscow" 400 kilometers, viewing angle - 360 degrees. The complex is capable of simultaneously setting 9 tasks to controllable EW or air defense systems.

In principle, it can be said with confidence that “Moscow” is the next step in the development of the AKUB-22 complex, which has been in service with our EW forces for quite a long time. “Moscow” is rather a granddaughter rather than a daughter. AKUB-22 with all its positive features analog and somewhat ... cumbersome.

But go to the visualization of "Moscow".


Here are two of the three modules. The DER module was not deployed for an understandable reason. The presence of journalists. This is completely understandable and justified; nobody has canceled secrecy.

Generally, in contrast to the same "Ruby", "Moscow" does not look so epic. There is no automatically deployed antenna unit and other special effects. And cars are difficult to distinguish from others. Kung as kung.






Power station. The stomach of the complex, if you wish.


The control module in the process of deployment.












In general, everything looks quite modest and clumsy. Maybe even boring, in comparison with the same "Krasuhoy", if you do not know the essence.


Hydraulic "legs". With their help, the module can get on the ground, the car drives out from under it and drives off meters to the side of 30-100. For example, in the nearest gully. Unpleasant surprise for a potential enemy, if he intends to launch a rocket, focusing on the residual heat of the engine.

And if we take into account the fact that “Moscow” works passively, that is, according to the received signal, or according to data obtained from other stations, then we can say that it is quite an invisible control point.

We go inside.

There, too, a lot of things were missing from the kit, and it’s great, otherwise they wouldn’t have allowed us inside. The officer accompanying us carefully looked at the "giblets" and allowed the shooting. But not for long, because in the end we will need to be from the test site of that, and the rest will still be put.


Mini hozblok.


Communication section. Do not be surprised by the presence of the car radio, it is not here for entertainment calculation. Although you can listen to music, the basic purpose of a FM-band radio is somewhat different.






This is how operators' workplaces look. Chairs, by the way, are very comfortable, with adjustable backs and armrests, soft. I tried it. I just could not take a picture, did not get into the lens, because they were welded to the floor. But - rotate around its axis.

In general, everything is done quite nicely, without the usual army minimalism. Smoothed corners, smooth surfaces. Although there is something to shun his head out of habit.

Comrade captain said that everything, from the screw to the monitor, domestic production. Monica grew up in St. Petersburg. As an operating system, of course, not "Windows". Something simpler and not afraid of viruses and other troubles.

Here is such a small tour. And it's nice to know that "Moscow" is not tomorrow for our EW troops. It is today.
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  1. avg-mgn
    avg-mgn 25 July 2016 06: 11
    +9
    Technology and its capabilities are half the success, issues of coordination of efforts, literacy of actions of adjacent units - the second half. Let's hope that this bunch will work out with time, only time runs inexorably. Good luck, EW and others like you!
  2. Kaban45
    Kaban45 25 July 2016 06: 17
    +4
    Article + It’s nice to know that our army continues to develop in all areas no matter what! Well done!
  3. Vladimirets
    Vladimirets 25 July 2016 06: 20
    +3
    "An unpleasant surprise for a potential adversary if he intends to launch a rocket based on the residual heat of the engine."

    There and without the "residual heat of the engine" is full of warm elements in the box. yes
  4. poma
    poma 25 July 2016 06: 41
    0
    It’s interesting who begins to minus such an article))))
    1. arkadiyssk
      arkadiyssk 25 July 2016 08: 41
      +2
      I will be indignant. The price tag of 500 million is completely horse!
      What is there "unparalleled" for 500 lyamas? Three KAMAZ trucks for 10 million, equipment in them for 100 million, the rest is unmeasured appetites? Just don’t mind - they say the program for computers costs a lot of money. There is nothing difficult in triangulation: two synchronized receiver machines are spaced apart on the sides, a signal from the enemy arrives in one a little earlier to the other a little later, at the point where these lines intersect and there is an enemy.
      In fact, it should be a mass and everyday thing in the army, and here the floor of the fighter. This is not a concern for the strength of the army, but a cynical drank.
      1. Gray brother
        Gray brother 25 July 2016 09: 07
        +7
        Quote: arkadiyssk
        I will be indignant. The price tag of 500 million is completely horse!

        It is worth it to crush communication systems with no less horse price tags.
      2. Avenich
        Avenich 25 July 2016 09: 24
        +5
        That's for sure:
        Quote: arkadiyssk
        There is nothing complicated in triangulation: two synchronized receiver machines are spaced apart

        The keyword is "synchronized". How will we synchronize, dear. On the radio, the complex becomes active. On the radar, and the relay is not cheap. By optical cable, digging a trench or erecting posts. You can, of course, drive a messenger ...
        In the meantime, revenge I dare to draw your attention to the fact that the complex has 1 (one) direction finding module.
      3. You Vlad
        You Vlad 25 July 2016 10: 13
        +2
        And what's so surprising? This is the first batch there, not only the price goes for iron! The price will go to the series will be different!
      4. Freelancer7
        Freelancer7 25 July 2016 14: 00
        +2
        I agree, the price is inadequate, there are no high technologies like in the production of compressor blades in turbofan engines, there is no reason why such a price tag is not clear.
        1. Lt. Air Force stock
          Lt. Air Force stock 25 July 2016 22: 37
          +3
          Quote: Freelancer7
          I agree, the price is inadequate, there are no high technologies like in the production of compressor blades in turbofan engines, there is no reason why such a price tag is not clear.

          To the question in one of the articles, why the KAB-500S adjustable bombs are so expensive (after all, there is the GLONASS noise-resistant receiver and tail steering surfaces with servo drives there), namely 3 million rubles per bomb. I was told that the whole thing is a huge number of people responsible for secrecy, security, quality of products. Salaries of which are reflected in the cost of the final product.
      5. Monarchist
        Monarchist 25 July 2016 19: 29
        0
        Junior Sergeant, you have to think besides you and other people can count. It is best for someone who has worked or is working with "Krasukha" to respond, and ideally people who know the past and present "Moscow".
        1. tol100v
          tol100v 15 July 2017 20: 52
          +1
          Quote: Monarchist
          It’s best that someone who works or works with Krasuha responds, and ideally, people who know the old and current Moscow.

          But these people absolutely do not like publicity, and even more so the description of the technique on which they work!
      6. 78bor1973
        78bor1973 26 July 2016 02: 15
        +1
        You just take a closer look at the pictures, this price of the container with equipment and you can substitute any car, and military things, by definition, are an order of magnitude more expensive and should not be surprised!
  5. svp67
    svp67 25 July 2016 06: 53
    +2
    Kung is like kung.
    These kungs are in a different division.
    1. You Vlad
      You Vlad 25 July 2016 10: 16
      +1
      Yeah, and the return on it will be different, it can forge systems ten times more expensive!
  6. avg-mgn
    avg-mgn 25 July 2016 07: 25
    +1
    It was not in vain that I wrote about working out the interaction of forces with electronic warfare units. Imagine a picture: there is the same "Moscow" and suppose S-400, both see and classify targets ...
    Question: who controls the process, again a certain headquarters that sees nothing (and this time, 400km is nonsense today), but is guided by reports and plans, or are all the same priorities and the decision to defeat is calculated? I haven’t found an answer yet ...
    1. Inok10
      Inok10 25 July 2016 08: 31
      +5
      Quote: avg-mgn
      Question: who controls the process, again a certain headquarters that sees nothing (and this time, 400km is nonsense today), but is guided by reports and plans, or are all the same priorities and the decision to defeat is calculated? I haven’t found an answer yet ...

      ... the algorithm of action has been simple since Soviet times since about the 70s ... the means of detecting the radar of the air defense system and the means of RTR / RER complement each other ... the means of the RTR / RER are attached to the air defense system, it controls all the "Polyana 4M" ACS or ACS "Baikal" or KP regiment in the case of the S-400 is 55K6E:
      Eyes and ears - radar air defense systems and means RTR / RER
      Brain - ACS "Polyana 4M", "Baikal", 55K6E
      Hands - means of destruction 98ZH6E (ZRDN)
      ... all work can be carried out automatically, the operator simply observes ... hi
      1. Inok10
        Inok10 25 July 2016 09: 37
        +4
        P.S. ... the workplace of the operator of the automated control system "Baikal" ... we see a covered front of 1000 km. on the Saratov-Volgograd-Elista-Astrakhan section, by means of 12 air defense missile launchers and a fighter regiment with 2 RTV detection equipment attached ... hi
  7. DimerVladimer
    DimerVladimer 25 July 2016 08: 28
    +4
    "... Hydraulic" legs ". With their help, the module can stand on the ground, the car leaves from under it and drives off 30-100 meters to the side. For example, into the nearest ravine. An unpleasant surprise for a potential enemy if he intends to launch rocket, focusing on the residual heat of the engine ... "

    Journalist - The hydraulic "legs" are called outriggers.
    An "unpleasant" surprise in the form of a transport car driving off into the ravine is just a pearl! Don't you take into account that the complex has a constantly working generator? And with much more power than a car. And even its execution in a kunga will not provide complete infrared invisibility, especially since these objects are detected differently.

    In general, such complexes are installed in the operational rear, under the cover of zonal air defense and, accordingly, are protected at the level of district headquarters - groups of troops in which they are directly subordinate.
    1. You Vlad
      You Vlad 25 July 2016 10: 24
      0
      Please excuse me, I’m not very much in the subject! But I thought that the electronic warfare systems do not allow the guidance systems to work properly and just create closed, invisible zones for the enemy! And where will the missiles come from?
      1. You Vlad
        You Vlad 25 July 2016 19: 00
        0
        I figured it out)
    2. Protos
      Protos 26 July 2016 12: 32
      +3
      Caponier dug with an engineering machine (or manually laughing I didn’t see such a thing in TurKVO) and covered with one layer of bars and 20cm. earth will make a working generator invisible wink
      Moreover, removed from the car (and this is always provided for), it becomes easy to mask!
  8. avg-mgn
    avg-mgn 25 July 2016 09: 50
    0
    Quote: Inok10
    the action algorithm has been simple since Soviet times since about 70x ...

    Until the 80s, there was the eternal question of who would make the decision to defeat. In the exercises, everyone was smart, conditional targets, real detection, sometimes real defeat of targets. Then the real commanders stood in line for awards. The question is that, in a real situation, Moscow's automatic equipment will determine, identify targets and issue options, then it's up to air defense (missile defense, etc.), but the same S-400 with the same success identified and accompanies. So back to the question of making a decision to defeat for whom, as in the 70-80s?
    1. Inok10
      Inok10 25 July 2016 10: 08
      +4
      Quote: avg-mgn
      In the exercises, everyone was smart, conditional goals, real detection, sometimes real defeat of goals.

      ... it was ... real hit on Emba ... hi
      Quote: avg-mgn
      The question is that in a real situation, Moscow’s automation will determine, identify targets, give options, then it’s up to the air defense (missile defense, etc.), but the same S-400 is identified and accompanies with the same success.

      ... different means of detection ... and different tasks ... RTR / RER will be considered as an "armed eye" ... their task is unobtrusive, as is now fashionable stealth targets, low-flying at maximum distance with a minimum RCS, as well as AWACS aircraft , EW, RTR / RER ... issuing target designation in three coordinates azimuth, elevation, speed ... for the S-400, the detection means is radar / radar, which means that the target's line of sight and EPR are limited ... to the command with the command post of the regiment, ACS "Polyana", ACS "Baikal" ... in automatic or manual mode ... it was not for nothing that I laid out the workplace of the operator of the ACS "Baikal" above ... hi
      1. Inok10
        Inok10 25 July 2016 10: 29
        +3
        Quote: avg-mgn
        That's just right up to the 80s and the eternal question was who would decide to lose.

        P.S. no matter how it stood ... there was always a clear vertical, clearly in the attached picture, the development of ACS from the 1960s ... hi
    2. Vlad.by
      Vlad.by 9 October 2016 12: 17
      +1
      The decision on electronic suppression is made by a higher KP. Moreover, the suppression rules are set in advance, and in combat conditions the target distribution and the control center for suppression issue their own electronic warfare system. Naturally in accordance with previously defined rules. And brigades and regiments of ZRV work according to their plans. But plans for air defense and electronic warfare are agreed on the boundaries, types and importance of goals. No one pulls a blanket over himself in battle. If the target is in the affected area and is affected by EW and ZRV, then both of them crush it.
  9. Tambov Wolf
    Tambov Wolf 25 July 2016 10: 06
    -5
    I put the article a minus. Not because it was written badly, but for too detailed descriptions and photos. Previously, people were imprisoned for such articles. Have you really learned nothing in more than twenty-five years? Well, write an article, but without the TTD, and the rest. After all, if before, even from the magazine "Young Technician" foreigners fought everything they could, the NSA generally works on all media, books and any information. Really, such simple-minded people have tried? factories to call at least a missile a missile or electronic warfare electronic warfare, I'm not talking about the media, it was generally harsh there, such a "worker, at least in the KGB for a conversation was summoned, flew from work, or even would sit down so that he would not talk his tongue. - a find for a spy, this slogan was not in vain. And in our time, when we are at war (only enemies of the people can not notice this), everyone is chatting and talking, from "our liberoid power" to any journalist. "military experts", as VOs should know about this. Well, if the equipment is declassified, then as you know, who faced this (observance of the secrecy regime, etc.) this equipment will soon write with aspiration for a hundred years at lunchtime There is nothing about her. She is old, very old. All the best to you.
    1. Cananecat
      Cananecat 25 July 2016 11: 52
      +9
      I remember in class, the teacher said:
      -The station in the Pentagon itself is not interesting, they know it better than you, but the control unit that generates the signal would be a gift for them.
      Why I remembered that the article did not disclose any secret TTX. So pick up the drooling ..)))
      1. Tambov Wolf
        Tambov Wolf 25 July 2016 19: 11
        +3
        Well, you had a secret if you were taught by it. Here we are, the KGB officers taught the slobber, as you write, and after the FSB, secrecy was given and forms of admission were given, do not slob you ours. You, as I understand it from the current ones, which they know that any signal is read with a bang, naturally from a distance depending on the signal strength. But you probably haven’t been given an ECE tutor. Yes, and telemetry encryption, you probably have never heard of such instructors. And you don’t get sick .
        1. Cananecat
          Cananecat 25 July 2016 20: 02
          +1
          Full name, title, post of teacher to post here? )))
          And secondly, I understand that your bell tower is much higher than mine and the tolerance level has an ugly set of zeros, as well as the fact that you guessed what kind of product in question ... I take off my hat hi
        2. dvaposto
          dvaposto 25 July 2016 21: 57
          +2
          better to interrupt, huh? people began to show "new" dryers in the 90s. from the Yankees have been seen for 10 years, but for their people a secret. secrecy should be justified and reasonable, and not marasmic and reinsurance - no matter what happens. justify your worth and sitting as a customer representative. if there is a defense plant in the city, the whole city knows what it produces, but people like you pretended that everything was very, very secret - otherwise what is the salary paid for, what to drink in the military room? Who do you think are the big idiots of ordinary workers or specialists from the NSA?
          Whom did they take and are taking as military representatives? sick or thieves, you can't command a company. although of course there are normal people among these "guards".
    2. Vlad.by
      Vlad.by 9 October 2016 12: 21
      0
      Why did you see so much detail? Indicator? The radio tape recorder? Not much the enemy will determine those. opportunities for these photos.
  10. Rusfaner
    Rusfaner 25 July 2016 10: 08
    +6
    Quote: Gray Brother
    Quote: arkadiyssk
    I will be indignant. The price tag of 500 million is completely horse!

    It is worth it to crush communication systems with no less horse price tags.

    Dear Gray Brother, algorithms (software), of course, cost money. Agree! "Iron" - ugh, a penny. And I agree that you also need to look after the playful hands of financiers.
    But my comment on the price of the issue, so to speak, in general: Despite the fact that the equipment and techniques of electronic warfare, with which your humble servant encountered during the exercises "Sodruzhestvo-80" in Sev.GV, in comparison with today's, represented Krenkel radio amateurism , nevertheless, the "creative" work of the electronic warfare (not according to the scenario of the exercises) thwarted the first disarming strike of the "red" air force (the "blue" was played by the GSVG). Then it caused a shock, because all "invincible and legendary", prepared for an offensive on the "blue" without a single shot (!) became a dream of Vtorchermet, with the infrastructure of the "blue" intact. Unfortunately, our brigade commander was "put in a melon" for the initiative, and the rest of the action was replayed so as not to upset the glorious marshals and the Politburo.
    I hope that today is different.
  11. Operator
    Operator 25 July 2016 10: 17
    -5
    The RTR "Moskva-1" complex is completely outdated, like any other in the ground version, since it listens to the broadcast exclusively within the radio horizon - within a radius of 20-30 km for air targets flying at low or extremely low altitudes.

    The modern RTR complex should be installed on board manned or unmanned aerial vehicles with a listening radius of 500-1000 km at all altitudes.
    1. Cananecat
      Cananecat 25 July 2016 11: 59
      +3
      And it would also be nice to bury a couple of kilometers into the ground, suddenly an adversary of the subway digs under the headquarters of the division.
  12. avg-mgn
    avg-mgn 25 July 2016 11: 05
    +2
    Quote: Inok10
    P.S. no matter how it stood ... there was always a clear vertical, clearly in the attached picture, the development of ACS from 1960 years ... hi

    Okay, old man. We both understand each other, the only point I mentioned was the district’s headquarters, now the regiment, nothing has changed, minus 1-2 minutes of time. Thanks for the answers, to my question, it did not get easier, unfortunately ...
    1. Inok10
      Inok10 25 July 2016 11: 55
      +4
      Quote: avg-mgn
      Thanks for the answers, to my question, it did not get easier, unfortunately ...

      ... it all depends on the goal and the operational situation ... now the situation on the Universal is seen in real time, and not like a tablet before, through a tablet ... so it's too early to get upset ... hi
      1. Vlad.by
        Vlad.by 9 October 2016 12: 27
        +1
        The main problem is precisely in the means of intelligence, and not control. Active facilities have a limited radio horizon and are crushed by interference. There are not so many passive ones and, consequently, not a sufficient detection range at all levels. And the Central Bank and Central Administration are seconds.
  13. iliya87
    iliya87 25 July 2016 11: 23
    +1
    In NATO and the United States already farts burst when they close their access somewhere.
  14. avg-mgn
    avg-mgn 25 July 2016 12: 51
    +1
    Today, frankly speaking, I liked the discussion of the topic. No one yelled "more" and other crap. Everything was weighed, according to the military. The question is the answer, we took a ride, found the points. Thanks to everyone who took part in the discussion.
    Inok10, You are enormous, I just had to deal with 80x on the topic, I remember how the blankets were pulled over to the detriment of the case, which I wrote about. Thanks again for your participation (although I knew and remembered everything from Academy G about everything you wrote about, that’s why there are questions). Good luck!
  15. avg-mgn
    avg-mgn 25 July 2016 13: 02
    +1
    Quote: Inok10
    so it's too early to get upset ... hi

    Thank you again, you didn’t upset me at all, as an officer who devoted his whole life to COMMUNICATIONS, including R / S, from low-level networks to the troposphere, of course the topic is close and very familiar (without details about the complexes). I will be glad to chat in PM.
  16. avg-mgn
    avg-mgn 25 July 2016 14: 08
    0
    Quote: Rusfaner
    Then it caused a shock, because all "invincible and legendary", prepared for an offensive on the "blue" without a single shot (!) became a dream of Vtorchermet, with the infrastructure of the "blue" intact. Unfortunately, our brigade commander "got a melon"

    Old man, well, he could not resist, climbed in again, although he seemed to have closed the topic. From my first comment on the article, I pose the question of who makes the decision to eliminate the enemy in the detection zone. Perhaps I gave a not entirely correct example in terms of "Moscow" and "S-400", intellect, both there and there, above the roof, the question:
    Who will give the command to suppress the R / h, how long will it take from the moment of familiarization with a certain (regiment headquarters, district and above). Today time is not money, but the fate of the country. There is no answer to this question yet (automation itself does not work without the "face" button). So who is to tune in to reality for a melon today ???
    1. Inok10
      Inok10 25 July 2016 21: 28
      +3
      Quote: avg-mgn
      Thank you again, you didn’t upset me at all, as an officer who devoted his whole life to COMMUNICATIONS, including R / S, from low-level networks to the troposphere, of course the topic is close and very familiar (without details about the complexes). I will be glad to chat in PM.

      ... With respect ! ... always with pleasure! ... but, on the pages of discussion of specific topics on the VO resource ... it is also easier for "office" and it will be more pleasant for us ... wink
      Quote: avg-mgn
      Old man, well, could not resist, climbed in again, although he already seemed to close the topic.

      ... oh, that thirst for Truth ... laughing
      Quote: avg-mgn
      Who will give the command to suppress r / h, how much time will elapse from the moment of acquaintance of a certain (headquarters of the regiment, district and above). Today, time is not money, but the fate of the country.

      ... ah, this is the Secret ... and the Big NATO company does not need to know him ...
      For a small company like this
      Huge such Secret (s) ... hi
      Quote: avg-mgn
      There is no answer to this question yet (automation itself does not work without the "face" button).

      ... it works, the button presses ahead of time and everything works, but the person observes ... XXI century in the yard ... wink
  17. gameover_65
    gameover_65 25 July 2016 14: 13
    -1
    I really don’t understand why to talk about it to the whole world, and even show it?
    to facilitate the work of foreign intelligence?
  18. avg-mgn
    avg-mgn 25 July 2016 14: 22
    +1
    Quote: gameover_65
    I really don’t understand why to talk about it to the whole world, and even show it?
    to facilitate the work of foreign intelligence?
    Where is the adversary who does not know what you do not know?
    WIKI:
    The Moscow-1 electronic warfare complex 267L1 was created by the Radioelectronic Technologies Concern (KRET) of the Rostec state corporation.
    https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9C%D0%BE%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B2%D0%B0-1_%28%D0%A0%D




    0% AD% D0% 91% 29
    1. gameover_65
      gameover_65 27 July 2016 04: 49
      +2
      Well, compare what is written in the wiki at your link, and what description is in the article.
      the wiki says what it is, as it is called, and very streamlined about the possibilities.
      here is an almost complete description of the possibilities plus a photo of appearance from different angles, plus a photo of the interior.