Military Review

Hack if you can! Border Security Technologies (Part of 1)

50

"We will be neighbors." Mexican border town of Tijuana (right) in the state of Baha California nestled near the American city of San Diego


Peacetime border control has never been as sensitive as it is now to Europe and the United States. In Europe, sympathy for people fleeing the civil war in Syria and the collapse of states in Africa is mixed with the fear of political violence and social upheaval, exacerbated by the already existing pressure of economic difficulties.

The technology cannot yet solve the problems that make refugees look for a better life, but it can help redirect them to official transition points by plugging “leaky” sites and helping to identify those who can be a real threat. "Optoelectronics (electronics direction, covering the use of optical and electrical methods of processing, storage and transmission of information) is a key component of integrated multi-touch systems, providing automatic detection, identification and classification of targets and minimizing false alarms, which significantly reduces the burden on security personnel" - said Controp Vice President Johnny Carney. He also pointed to the well-established difference in the market between low and high technical levels regarding sensor characteristics and their overall effectiveness. “The market is full of optocoupler companies, however, not all have the same level of technology. In fact, only a few companies offer really high-tech products, he said. “The competition is fierce, and some users stop at less advanced technologies for various reasons, instead of choosing the most advanced systems that really help solve the problem.”

Nave Bahat, head of optoelectronics research at Tamam’s Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) division, agreed, adding that some people buy large quantities of “very, very cheap cameras”, for example, on the Internet on Ebay or Amazon, and do not care about breaking some of them. But there are “real boundaries” that monitor high-quality cameras, some with a range of just half a kilometer, and others with a significantly longer range, all of which are connected to image analysis, target recognition and tracking systems, databases and related software. In high-end systems, devices operating in different spectral ranges are used. These are cameras in the visible, long-wave, medium-wave and short-wave infrared (IR) regions of the spectrum, uncooled for short distances and cooled for large distances, providing the ability to merge images when images from different sources or generated by different systems are combined to obtain as detailed as possible. picture. Bahat stressed that the fusion helps to extract the best information from each wavelength, increase tracking and visualization capabilities at long ranges or in bad weather.


This hedge stands on most of Arizona’s border with Mexico, demonstrating why intelligent network sensor systems with automatic detection and target recognition are of such great interest.


An Israeli officer talks to the head of the US National Guard Bureau at an observation post near the Israeli city of Sderot on the border with the Gaza Strip.

Long range

Bahat also noted the importance of stabilization for long-range cameras, adding that this should be one of the first decisions in determining the parameters of the border security system. Erik Olsen, vice president of marketing for the American company PureTech Systems, spoke about the growing need for ultra-long-range detection systems designed to monitor the frontier and the coastline. "Part of this growth seems to be related to the understanding that long-distance observation is now available at a reasonable cost." He also pointed to the growing interest in the use of airborne and ground mobile platforms, including vehicles, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) and aerostats, as a supplement to stationary border guard systems. The company is most active in the border security markets in the Middle East and North America; in October 2015, she announced the completion of the initial deployment phase of the Remote Video Surveillance System RVSS upgrade for the US Customs and Border Protection Office. PureTech delivers software for full-format video, object detection, sensor monitoring, and a geospatial user interface as a member of the General Dynamics group that won the RVSS upgrade contract. The RVSS system consists of towers with the appropriate equipment installed near the Mexican border, which allow to improve the process of monitoring the border strip.

Ari Chernobrov, director of security systems at Elbit Systems, stressed that most of the requirements for which his company fights with competitors include the integration of many technologies, including automatic radar detection systems, maintenance-free ground sensors, information analysis and verification systems from video motion detectors based on various imaging devices. Most customers want to have object detection distances of at least 10 km. “Increasing detection ranges create several serious problems that are unique to surveillance systems,” said Olsen, recalling image instability, environmental disturbances and a small array of pixels that do not contribute to the visualization of the object. "These problems are solved by computing power, software stabilization, more advanced background modeling and intelligent extraction of special features for more accurate identification of the object of interest."

Another problem is the fight against image fade, that is, with the displacement of the central pixel of the camera from the object when the lens approaches several kilometers. “A camera with a large lead can hold an object in the center at zero magnification, but it completely loses sight of this“ central ”object when the zoom factor is increased,” he said. “In addition to more precise mechanical design, video analysis software can be used to compensate.” At short distances, the tasks of controlling the camera also become more difficult with increasing range, Mr. Olsen added. “Simple movements, such as centering an object of interest, turning in its direction or the process of tracking an automatic camera behind an object at a distance of several kilometers, become increasingly difficult, since the panning, tilting and zooming of the camera must be controlled with very little discreteness.”

The representative of the company Controp emphasized that optoelectronics is needed to monitor the border, which allows us to classify the object for quick decision making, noting that the automatic classification improves the quality of decision making and reduces the number of personnel needed. In addition, the installation of extended-range cameras on towers determines the need for improved stabilization, since the towers can sway from the wind and move in different directions due to the fact that their components increase and decrease with temperature. The company also noted the growing demand for optoelectronics for vehicles. This, according to Carney, determines the need to install near, mid and long range devices and various sensors on the same platform. At short distances, a cooled infrared camera is not so important, there is a sufficiently uncooled sensor. For medium distances, maximum focal lengths of 250 or 450 mm may be sufficient, while for longer distances, lenses of 720 or 1200 mm are required. “It is important for suppliers to provide customers with a range of systems and capabilities that meet different requirements, some of which are due to the specific conditions inherent in a given border area,” he said. - While detection, as a rule, is achieved through the use of a radar, optoelectronic systems are responsible for identification and recognition. These tasks require the highest image quality, which can only be obtained with a high-quality thermal imaging camera with stabilization. " The company recently introduced a new system called 3D-GUARD, which it describes as an advanced three-dimensional motion detection video system. Each 3D-GUARD system consists of two fixed cameras with a fixed field of view and a detection range of up to one kilometer.


The modernization of the RVSS system, ordered by the US Customs and Border Protection Bureau, is characterized by video analysis and geospatial management functions developed by PureTech Systems as part of an integrated General Dynamics solution, and has this advanced graphical user interface


The Controp 3D-GUARD system is based on two stereoscopic cameras mounted on masts or towers and controlled by a central control system. Stationary stereoscopic camera system with a fixed field of view reduces the number of false alarms


Controp's TORNADO circular passive lightweight scanning system is designed for automatic intrusion detection and tracking of a person at a distance of 4 km

This 24-hour action system, designed to protect strategic objects, as well as guard perimeters and borders, detects moving objects and intruders automatically and triggers an alarm. By providing accurate information on the location of the object, its size and movement, the 3D-GUARD system works as a reliable “virtual fence”. It can be installed on masts or towers, work as a rapid deployment system or as a separate system, managed from a central control point. “The capabilities of this new“ unscanning ”system make it possible to drastically reduce the number of false positives, which is typical of other video analysis systems,” Carney added.

For automatic long-range motion detection, Controp has developed and recently introduced the TORNADO system, which it describes as a “passive, fast-scanning infrared camera providing a panoramic image at 360 degrees”. TORNADO is based on an infrared camera operating in the mid-infrared spectrum (hereinafter simply the mid-wave) with a panoramic coverage and vertical sector from 0 to 18 degrees, which allows detecting airborne objects, in particular, the UAV. “The TORNADO system uses unique software algorithms that automatically detect and track any moving object. It can detect very small objects in hundreds of meters and large objects even tens of kilometers. ” Finally, Controp has developed the SPEED-LR intelligent, long-range, wide-angle, stabilized intrusion detection system that automatically detects motion in a panoramic image. It can be mounted on tripod tower masts and other supports. The SPEED-LR system includes a long-range thermal imaging camera with continuous zoom, a daytime color camera, an eye-safe laser range finder and a laser pointer. It can automatically detect, identify, identify and track objects within a radius of up to 10 km, the company said.


The controp SPEED-LR system, stabilized and therefore suitable for mounting on high masts and towers, incorporates a continuous-magnification thermal imager, a color camera, a monochrome CCD camera, a laser range finder and a laser pointer

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  1. Professor
    Professor 27 July 2016 09: 26
    +10
    I won’t know what the article didn’t like the anonymous minuser? request
    1. i80186
      i80186 27 July 2016 12: 57
      +1
      Quote: Professor
      I won’t know what the article didn’t like the anonymous minuser?

      Perhaps the experience of guarding a single border in the desert is not impressive. Someone, probably, saw other borders simply. In the photo Karelia for example. smile
      In addition, the Americans themselves say that they have 11 000 000 illegal immigrants from Mexico. I wonder how they leak through all this beauty then? laughing
      1. Professor
        Professor 27 July 2016 13: 08
        +2
        Quote: i80186
        Perhaps the experience of guarding a single border in the desert is not impressive. Someone, probably, saw other borders just

        And therefore, the minus signer had a claim to the author of the article and the equipment he described?
        1. i80186
          i80186 27 July 2016 13: 16
          +1
          Quote: Professor
          And therefore, the minus signer had a claim to the author of the article and the equipment he described?

          Well, I don’t know, I didn’t minus one. Just guessing and I can. smile
      2. Mikhail3
        Mikhail3 27 July 2016 14: 08
        0
        Quote: i80186
        Quote: Professor
        I won’t know what the article didn’t like the anonymous minuser?

        Perhaps the experience of guarding a single border in the desert is not impressive. Someone, probably, saw other borders simply. In the photo Karelia for example. smile
        In addition, the Americans themselves say that they have 11 000 000 illegal immigrants from Mexico. I wonder how they leak through all this beauty then? laughing

        They have a magohak tool cracking any defense systems, especially such as most of those described in the article. A little bit ...
      3. Professor
        Professor 27 July 2016 16: 51
        +1
        Quote: i80186
        In the photo Karelia for example.

        Well? Where are the technical controls? It is about them article.

        Quote: i80186
        In addition, the Americans themselves say that they have 11 000 000 illegal immigrants from Mexico. I wonder how they leak through all this beauty then?

        1 million Mexicans.
        2. Technical means are not implemented in one day.
        3. Most importantly, the United States does not want to interrupt illegal immigration. It is beneficial to everyone. It would be a desire, the Americans would deafly block the Mexican border. They have enough funds.
        1. i80186
          i80186 27 July 2016 20: 43
          +1
          Quote: Professor
          Well? Where are the technical controls? It is about them article.

          So you do not see them? But they are. They say that in one and a half minutes the outfit will be at the intersection of this fence. And the article about the correct drank dough. smile
        2. Awaz
          Awaz 27 September 2016 10: 11
          0
          This topic is beneficial to everyone. Some people use the cheap labor of Mexicans, others inflate the topic and shake the authorities on the means of control, earning too .. Mexicans, too, generally do not remain aloof from this business))
      4. volkodav36
        volkodav36 28 July 2016 00: 03
        +1
        "In addition, the Americans themselves say that they have 11 million illegal immigrants from Mexico. I wonder how they seep through all this beauty?"
        There are some guys in Mexico called Coyotes. The professional activity of which is to help those who wish for a certain amount, at the moment it is about $ 10.000, illegally crossing the US border.
        And although the amount of $ 10.000 looks quite huge for a country where the average income is $ 100 per week, many people who want to cross the border find these funds, because they know that they will earn them in the first year of their stay in America.
        In addition to helping to cross the border, some coyotes also help "legalize" in America by providing forged documents. The quality of which is sufficient for a job.
        As for the underground tunnels or crossing the border both in the surface and underwater position, this is more inherent in drug cartels for their purpose of transporting drugs. It is rare when these methods are used to cross the border for the purpose of migration.
    2. Hayer31
      Hayer31 27 July 2016 23: 44
      -2
      It’s a pity that we don’t have such technologies
    3. bazilio
      bazilio 3 October 2016 12: 34
      0
      Comrade Professor, everything is as always simple. If it’s about the United States and / or Israel, get a holivar in the comments. I won’t say anything about the actual practice of using such systems, but Israeli products are one of the most popular on this narrow market of border systems. That's it, I'm waiting for the minuses and anger)))
  2. ivanovbg
    ivanovbg 27 July 2016 09: 58
    +1
    Very interesting review, I look forward to continuing with impatience.
  3. Gray brother
    Gray brother 27 July 2016 10: 26
    0
    And you can dig.
    1. Professor
      Professor 27 July 2016 10: 31
      +2
      Quote: Gray Brother
      And you can dig.

      The problem of detecting tunnels has not yet been solved, although a lot of money is being invested in solving this problem.

      Quote: Gray Brother
      And you can not dig.

      And it is possible under water.


      PS








      1. Gray brother
        Gray brother 27 July 2016 10: 44
        0
        Quote: Professor
        And it is possible under water.

        Or through the air. smile
        1. Professor
          Professor 27 July 2016 10: 48
          +2
          Transporting drugs is not a problem. But with people everything is much more complicated.
          1. Gray brother
            Gray brother 27 July 2016 11: 01
            +1
            Quote: Professor
            Transporting drugs is not a problem. But with people everything is much more complicated.

            Only corruption can help here.
      2. Gray brother
        Gray brother 27 July 2016 10: 55
        +2
        Quote: Professor
        The problem of detecting tunnels has not yet been solved, although a lot of money is being invested in solving this problem.

        The tunnels are different, like this one for example:
        1. Professor
          Professor 27 July 2016 11: 07
          0
          Quote: Gray Brother
          The tunnels are different, like this one for example:

          What tunnels are we know well. Exactly two years ago we got to know them better.
  4. Gray brother
    Gray brother 27 July 2016 10: 26
    +4
    And you can not dig.
  5. Razvedka_Boem
    Razvedka_Boem 27 July 2016 11: 22
    0
    We look forward to continuing. Definitely "+".
  6. Mikhail3
    Mikhail3 27 July 2016 14: 21
    +4
    Concerning early warning cameras - especially juicy. Cut it as it is. Yes, at 10 km and two pixels in the intruder, it will not be typed, well, do not order special CCD matrices ?! The task is to breed sucker for money, and not technology to move forward. What are we fighting then? We are improving software. Which enthusiastically completes the fact that there (maybe) moved.
    Why even put such cameras? Saving type? What else ... Imagine a thousand kilometers of border. A sort of line ... along which we have to lay two of our own lines. One power line, and one information, from fiber. With the money that goes to the same camera with a range of 10 km, we can install ten with a range of 3 km, where the software does not need to strain the math so that you can draw cartoons instead of images.
    So maybe we save cables like that? No, we are not saving. A full ring will have to be laid anyway. Though there are a dozen cameras in total on the entire border. And the density of the video stream allows you to hang hundreds of cameras on one optical line without compromising the transmitted information. The only consideration is that this solution allows you to cast a glance at 10 km deep into the territory of a neighbor. It is tempting. Only now ... we practically see nothing there. Only the wonders of the animation that the software draws for us.
    It seems to me that the guys who buy cameras on Aliexpress and do not sting fiber, have a better image. In addition, video motion detection is fundamentally flawed in terms of reliability. Since heterogeneous information is taken from the same sensor (CCD array), a sensor failure or defect causes both info channels to fail. Pretty stupid. In general, the review is not impressive. Too much wiring, too little honest work ... it seems like nobody has done security research after C&C. All only make a fool of the customer.
    1. Professor
      Professor 27 July 2016 16: 53
      0
      Quote: Mikhail3
      Concerning early warning cameras - especially juicy. Cut as he is

      Definitely cut. wassat


      1. Gray brother
        Gray brother 27 July 2016 20: 00
        0
        Quote: Professor
        Definitely cut.

        I’m not sure about the bottom, but in the upper two (especially in the top), the IR illuminator is clearly shining.
        By the way, from the thermal imager, you can hide behind an ordinary window glass, or behind some other wonderful thing invented by a person, well, or by nature.
        1. Professor
          Professor 27 July 2016 20: 04
          +2
          Quote: Gray Brother
          I’m not sure about the bottom, but in the upper two (especially in the top), the IR illuminator is clearly shining.

          There is no spotlight there.

          Quote: Gray Brother
          By the way, from the thermal imager, you can hide behind an ordinary window glass, or behind some other wonderful thing invented by a person, well, or by nature.

          1. You need to know that they are watching you. In all 3 clips they didn’t know the children.
          2. It will be awkward to run around with AK and ordinary window glass. wink
          1. Gray brother
            Gray brother 27 July 2016 20: 08
            0
            Quote: Professor
            There is no spotlight there.

            The cone is specific.
            1. Professor
              Professor 27 July 2016 20: 13
              +2
              Quote: Gray Brother
              The cone is specific.

              Well, which spotlight hits several kilometers? wink

              In general, Israel is littered with similar surveillance systems. 99% of the observers are girls. They direct fighters on them, well, and can remotely open fire. Personally, I was interested in watching the animals in the thermal imager. Like the cat’s eggs glow. The technology is also interesting. Behind the landscape is bored.
              1. Gray brother
                Gray brother 27 July 2016 20: 48
                0
                Quote: Professor
                Well, which spotlight hits several kilometers?

                I don’t know, judging by the video, different cameras work there.
                1. Professor
                  Professor 27 July 2016 20: 49
                  0
                  Quote: Gray Brother
                  I don’t know, judging by the video, different cameras work there.

                  Various. But there is no backlight.
                  1. Gray brother
                    Gray brother 27 July 2016 21: 02
                    0
                    Quote: Professor
                    Various. But there is no backlight.

                    What is this?
                    1. Professor
                      Professor 27 July 2016 21: 09
                      +1
                      Quote: Gray Brother
                      What is this?

                      Such a quality. Filmed from afar.

                      Quote: Dan4eG
                      Almost 5 km, from Rotenberg.

                      ביטחון שדה
                      1. Ruslan67
                        Ruslan67 27 July 2016 22: 03
                        +1
                        Quote: Professor
                        ביטחון שדה

                        Oleg belay And now from left to right for fool what laughing
                      2. Professor
                        Professor 27 July 2016 22: 14
                        0
                        Quote: Ruslan67
                        Oleg And now from left to right for

                        I thought everyone understood. wink
                      3. Ruslan67
                        Ruslan67 27 July 2016 22: 24
                        +2
                        Quote: Professor
                        I thought everyone understood.

                        I basically do not use Google am The artiodactyls want a lot bully
                  2. Gray brother
                    Gray brother 28 July 2016 12: 57
                    0
                    Quote: Professor
                    Such a quality. Filmed from afar.

                    Green leaves, prof. This does not happen in the thermal imager.
                  3. Professor
                    Professor 28 July 2016 17: 34
                    0
                    Quote: Gray Brother
                    Green leaves, prof. This does not happen in the thermal imager.

                    I did not claim that this is a video from a thermal imager.
    2. Gray brother
      Gray brother 27 July 2016 20: 14
      +1
      Quote: Professor
      2. It will be awkward to run around with AK and ordinary window glass.

      For example, I wrote, a thermal imager, in fact, displays the temperature of a specific surface, so there are options - cut off advanced types of Bosko.
      1. Professor
        Professor 27 July 2016 20: 16
        -1
        Quote: Gray Brother
        For example, I wrote, a thermal imager, in fact, displays the temperature of a specific surface, so there are options - cut off advanced types of Bosko.

        IMHO do not hide the fighter from the thermal imager in the next 20 years.
        1. Mikhail3
          Mikhail3 27 July 2016 20: 34
          +1
          From what distance are the first frames? At least about?
          Well, I do not deny that this is possible) It is simply in the article that it is clearly indicated what the companies intend to finish the range with - programs. And this is the cut. We need large matrices, preferably a few, and software (where do you get to) combination.
          And there is a remedy against thermal imagers, and not too complicated ... you don’t know, and ladies. Arabs do not know either.
          1. Professor
            Professor 27 July 2016 20: 47
            +2
            Quote: Mikhail3
            From what distance are the first frames? At least about?

            2+ km

            Quote: Mikhail3
            And there is a remedy against thermal imagers, and not too complicated ... you don’t know, and ladies. Arabs do not know either.

            No, not available.
            1. Dan4eG
              Dan4eG 27 July 2016 21: 03
              0
              2+ km

              Almost 5 km, from Rotenberg.
            2. Kurasava
              Kurasava 27 July 2016 22: 15
              +1
              Profaysor! Again you blurted out without thinking? Well, there are funds from thermal imagers that are quite effective and, most importantly, cheap. As the kamarade wrote above - do not know? And okay)) I would only like to add that the "guys" from Hezbollah know these methods.
              1. Professor
                Professor 27 July 2016 22: 18
                +1
                Quote: Kurasava
                Profesor

                If you make a mistake again, I will send it to the emergency.

                Quote: Kurasava
                here there are funds from thermal imagers are quite effective and most importantly cheap

                Watch less cheap action movies.
                1. Kurasava
                  Kurasava 27 July 2016 22: 30
                  +1
                  So I was not mistaken, I write so on purpose. This is such a mockery because of you "professor" as a ballerina from Lieberman. Unlike you, I served in the IDF for the present. And I'm talking about what I saw and experienced in reality. As a small child, there are no arguments, except - no, not true, -no not so, -or but because here! Maybe you will complain to your mom about me? ))) If you are not satisfied with the fact that you are being caught for the language on topics in which you, to put it mildly, are poorly versed, and the whole VO community pretends to be a "knowledgeable specialist in the Israeli army; good, there was simply no one to argue here. You just need to talk less or not go into the topic where you don't fumble, because in the end you will always run into someone who knows.
            3. Mikhail3
              Mikhail3 28 July 2016 16: 30
              0
              And then what are your objections? I have designated the effective distance - 3 km. For a long range, you need already a package of matrices in one camera and hundreds of thousands rushed to paradise ...
  7. Dan4eG
    Dan4eG 27 July 2016 20: 55
    0
    on top the general CCD camera is the simplest!
  • Verdun
    Verdun 27 July 2016 15: 01
    0
    Technology is great. But people who can apply these technologies are no less important. About ten years ago I knew a guy. The man graduated from a special military school, received an appropriate education in the specialty of "electronic detection systems", served a little more than a year at the border with the rank of senior lieutenant and was dismissed from the ranks of the armed forces on staff reductions. To feed his family, he was forced to work as a loader. These are the "high technologies". I hope that the situation is now changing for the better.
    1. Gray brother
      Gray brother 27 July 2016 20: 22
      0
      Quote: Verdun
      He served a little over a year at the border with the rank of senior lieutenant and was dismissed from the armed forces to reduce staff. To feed his family, he was forced to work as a loader.

      I know how they are firing to reduce staff - I’m gouging myself.
  • Khariton
    Khariton 27 July 2016 21: 03
    -1
    Strange, I see the professor’s comments, but I can’t answer (he immediately disappears ...))) A new development of Israel? bully
    Hesbollah to your liver!
    1. Kurasava
      Kurasava 27 July 2016 22: 18
      +2
      Nope, this is a profaysor just really one of those who really wanted to serve in real units but could not, either because of age or health. Or all at once. Or maybe the "kaba" is not high. And therefore he prefers not to react to those who can catch him by the tongue so as not to fall asleep.
  • Khariton
    Khariton 27 July 2016 22: 15
    -2
    We need to buy everything from Israel ... Otherwise, they will bother us!
  • The comment was deleted.
    1. Kurasava
      Kurasava 27 July 2016 22: 22
      0
      Ah reklama, advertising. Mover of trade. Hehe hehe))
  • The comment was deleted.
  • bazilio
    bazilio 3 October 2016 12: 41
    0
    I do not understand the reaction in comments .... It all boils down to the fact that the described systems are a waste of money. But there are domestic analogues? Or is the classic bypass of borders a limit, and there can be nothing better ?? That's why such a negative ????