Military Review

Hands of the Sudanese people are fighting the United States and China

24
Hands of the Sudanese people are fighting the United States and ChinaThe youngest state of the world - South Sudan - is again plunging into civil war and is on the verge of mass slaughter. Quite typical for the continent ethnic conflict is complicated by the fact that a full-scale war is beneficial to the main international player - Washington, because it weakens the position of its main rival - China.


For almost a week in Juba - the capital of South Sudan - the shooting does not stop. The streets are patrolling Tanks. Some quarters are processed by artillery. The airport is blocked, planes can neither take off nor land. Fierce fighting is taking place in the city center: the president’s residence was attacked by rebels, while government troops fired helicopters and tanks from the residence of the vice president. Residents of the capital flee for thousands to a refugee camp opened by the UN. The total number of victims, according to some, has already exceeded three hundred people.

The same formations fighting 2013 and 2015 for a year were fighting each other in a civil war — the insurgents of Vice President Rijek Machar and the government troops of President Salva Kiir. Both leaders have already ordered their soldiers to cease fire, but the soldiers do not obey. Civilians hope that street fighting in the capital is caused by non-payment of wages to the military and will soon cease. Otherwise, South Sudan risks falling back into the abyss of a bloody civil war, from which it managed to get out only last year.
South Sudan is the youngest state in the world. It gained the independence of 9 on July 2011 of the year after almost 99% of its residents voted for separation from the state of Sudan. This was preceded by a bloody struggle between North and South Sudan between themselves, which began almost immediately after the liberation of the country from English control in 1956. In the north, the Arab majority ruled, pursuing a policy of Islamization of the whole country. In the south, the Arabs were opposed by black people who did not want to change Christianity and their traditional beliefs. The first civil war lasted from 1955-th to 1972 year and cost the country half a million dead. The South then managed to win the right to autonomy, and for the next ten years the country enjoyed truce and relative calm.

The second civil war, which began in the year 1983, went on year 22 and claimed more than two million lives. More than four million people became refugees. Potentially one of the richest countries in Africa, Sudan has slipped into poverty and lived in a state of perpetual humanitarian disaster.

Through the efforts of the world community, it was possible to slow down the incessant massacre. UN peacekeepers were introduced into the country. The diplomats of leading countries, primarily the United States and China, managed to convince the belligerents to conclude the Naivasha Peace Agreement in 2005. South Sudan has received even wider autonomy, as well as a respite of six years, during which, somehow, it managed to organize the work of the state machinery on its territory. But by 2011, it became clear to everyone that a divorce would not be avoided. European countries and the United States in every way welcomed the impending referendum on the independence of South Sudan and promised support for the new state. A referendum was held, South Sudan gained independence and was accepted into the UN.
It would seem that life is getting better. The new state has at its disposal a territory approximately equal to France, as well as 75% of all oil wells in Sudan. In addition to the proven and actively exploited hydrocarbon reserves, the new republic also had rich deposits of chromium, zinc, gold, silver and diamonds. However, two years have not passed since independence, as South Sudan again plunged into bloody intra-ethnic clashes, this time on its own territory. First of all, the largest tribes of South Sudan, Dinka and Nuer, fought against each other. It turned out that the president of the country, Salva Kiir, himself from Dinka, draws only his fellow tribesmen into power and into the army leadership. In December 2013, the president removed Vice-President Riek Machar, who belongs to Nuer, from power, accusing him of attempting a coup. The army split about in half: the Dinka remained loyal to the president, Nuer went for the vice-president. Following the army, the country also split - another civil war began.

However, to call this bloody mess war does not turn the language. The genocide of entire tribes (for example, the White Army Nuer promised to wipe the Murle tribe off the face of the earth in order to “ensure the safety of their livestock”), burning the villages together with their inhabitants, torture and massacres of civilians, cannibalism, rape and robbery - since December 2013-th to August 2015-th looked the daily life of a young state. The followers of Machar were called rebels, those who supported Salva Kiir were government troops, but both were showing indescribable cruelty. The result of their confrontation was more than fifty thousand dead, more than a million refugees and displaced persons, mass starvation and epidemics.

But this is not only a matter of inter-ethnic contradictions and tribalism typical of Africa. According to many analysts, the bloody история South Sudan caused by the conflict of large external players. The largest investor in the oil sector of large Sudan has long been China and its state-owned China National Petroleum Corporation. From 1999 to 2007, China has invested at least 15 billion dollars in the economy of Sudan. But oil fields are located mainly in the south, so China National Petroleum Corporation built pipelines from south to north, and for a long time Sudan was one of the largest foreign suppliers of oil to China.

Against this background, lobbyists of the idea of ​​a referendum on the independence of South Sudan became more active in the USA. According to American strategists, the acquisition of sovereignty by the South significantly weakened China’s position in Sudan, and indeed in Africa. Firstly, all Chinese investment contracts were concluded with the President of Sudan, and now most of the oil has left South Sudan. Secondly, the pipelines through which China pumped oil turned out to be in a neighboring country, which created the transit problem that we are familiar with in our relations with Ukraine.
The same goals - the chaos of the situation, problems with the extraction and supply of oil - served and civil war. It is no coincidence that the United States and European countries in this conflict clearly supported Vice President Machar, who prudently seized the oil fields, while the PRC supported the president Kiir in the hope that he would ensure at least some order in the country. Particular detail - in the UN Security Council, the American side has repeatedly blocked attempts to impose an embargo on supplies weapons warring parties.

Only in May, 2015, Kiir and Machar managed to negotiate a truce and sign an agreement to resolve the inter-ethnic conflict. The treaty was furnished with numerous reservations, was repeatedly violated by both parties, but a certain semblance of a fragile world did arise. President Kiir remained president, vice-president Machar - vice-president. In April of this year, Machar returned to Juba to fulfill his duties, and promised the country to get rid of the “vicious war”. Then the people meeting him released dozens of pigeons, symbols of peace, into the air.

Today there are street battles in Juba. Already killed about three hundred people. The fate of the pigeons is unknown.
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http://www.vz.ru/world/2016/7/14/821298.html
24 comments
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  1. maxim1987
    maxim1987 17 July 2016 22: 01
    -4
    to be honest, it's not cold not hot. there are many problems of their own and bickering in Africa, China and the USA distract them from unnecessary attention to us hi
    1. SSR
      SSR 17 July 2016 22: 09
      +3
      Quote: maximNNX
      honestly it's not cold not hot

      minus mine. Khokhlov also had ... my hut from the edge ..
      Khataskraini have special cynicism, only those who themselves oppress their own line ... well, something like that .. everyone else is at the beck and call.
      1. Ami du peuple
        Ami du peuple 17 July 2016 22: 23
        +20
        Quote: SSR
        minus mine.
        And mine too, sorry. hi Understand that everything is interconnected in this sinful world: the strengthening of the United States, even due to such local conflicts in distant hot Africa, does not play into Russia's hands at all. As well as the weakening of China - our current situational ally - in this confrontation we are also absolutely not profitable.
        Listen, is there at least one place on the planet where, in post-Soviet history, the Yankees would not leave their bloody trail? Our fault, by the way, is also in this - under the joyful exclamations, having destroyed our state (the Soviet Union), we got what we got. International gopnik in the person of the United States, dictating its rotten concepts to the whole world.
        PS As I remember myself, a seventeen-year-old, clinging to a denim batch shirt with a badge with uh .. Gorbachev's face and the word "Perestroika" ... I just want to take myself by the scruff of that young boy, and load a melon a couple of times, asking: "Well What, Andryushsha, is it bad for you to live under Soviet power? Do you want to rebuild? " And add a couple more times from the leg to secure it.
        1. Paranoid50
          Paranoid50 17 July 2016 23: 11
          +7
          Quote: Ami du peuple
          PS As I recall myself, a seventeen-year-old icon clinging to a jeans batch file with uh .. face Gorbachev

          Yes, Andrei, the same bullshit - the brain was smaller than an eye, like an ostrich's. "It was, I remember, but time goes by ..." (G. Zheglov)
        2. PKK
          PKK 18 July 2016 03: 11
          0
          I should have minus all of you, but I will not. The point is not that life was better under the USSR, but there is a destiny to go through the tests of "democracy", "liberalism." We do not determine what tests should be passed. We lived in the USSR, thanks to those years , but to go further, you need to go through purgatory.
          1. V.ic
            V.ic 18 July 2016 06: 47
            0
            Quote: PKK
            We lived in the USSR, thanks to those years, but to go further, you need to go through purgatory.

            Dear, the USSR was escorted by its own population to Calvary. Now this fate is being prepared for the Russian Federation.
            1. Talgat
              Talgat 18 July 2016 23: 00
              0
              I hope the Russian people have been vaccinated against perestroika and "democratization". I hope I ate it

              And China, yes, will confront the United States now around the world

              We all read everywhere many times - that the 21st century is the century of confrontation between China and the United States. There is no USSR - but China remained and grew up - a country not subject to "world rulers" due to its national composition and characteristics

              And here - as I constantly admit there is a paradox - for centuries China has been an adversary of the great steppe and Eurasia - it becomes a situational ally - against a greater evil
        3. V.ic
          V.ic 18 July 2016 06: 45
          0
          Quote: Ami du peuple
          And I want to take myself, that then youth, by the scruff,

          Well, at least one honest person was found who spoke about his main mistake. And then after all now, ask anyone = no one supported the Moisha of the Horbato-labeled, as well as Baruch Etzon in the collapse of the USSR. For honesty, you are a sincere plus! He himself did not vote for these two nonhumans.
  2. maxim1987
    maxim1987 17 July 2016 22: 19
    -4
    [quote = SSR] [quote = maxim1987] to be honest, it’s not cold not hot [/ quote]
    minus mine. Khokhlov also had ... my hut from the edge ..
    Khataskraini have special cynicism, only those who themselves oppress their line ... well, something like that .. everyone else is at the beck and call. [/ quot

    right that piss. refugees rush to you in the EU so that the machine gun in the hands and as part of the UN forces to force them to peace
  3. nikcris
    nikcris 17 July 2016 22: 31
    +1
    South Sudan - OK.
    Crimea - dictatorship and more.
    Such is the policy.
    Although you never recognized Proebaltics in the USSR.
    But we had to frown on non-recognition ...
    I do not want either the Baltic states or Central Asia. I want to live in Russia. Poking around at the opinion of everyone who is not in Russia.
    1. Simpsonian
      Simpsonian 18 July 2016 05: 51
      +1
      In Sudan, the Muslim Mahdists of the North are slaughtering the Christians of the South, because everything is OK and silence, who is an Arab who is a Negro does not matter. "Multiculturalism" in action.
  4. Dr. Vlado
    Dr. Vlado 17 July 2016 22: 36
    +1
    And my minus too! Amer’s victory, wherever it may be, is of no use to us. To flaunt my indifference to the grief of my neighbor ... I have no respect. It is not in Russian!
  5. maxim1987
    maxim1987 17 July 2016 22: 37
    0
    Quote: Ami du peuple
    And mine too. Understand that everything is interconnected in this sinful world: the strengthening of the United States, even due to such local conflicts in distant hot Africa, does not play into Russia's hands at all. As well as the weakening of China - our current situational ally - in this confrontation we are also absolutely not profitable


    so what do you suggest I don't understand? how in the good old days of diamonds to someone to throw there or substitute Russian boys?
    1. 34 region
      34 region 18 July 2016 00: 36
      +3
      Maxim1987! 22.37. Your suggestions! What do you think should be done in such situations? Americans advocate competition. And the war in Sudan is the elimination of a competitor. The US stupidly prevents China from promoting its interests there. Americans always promote their interests, but competitors are always strangled. The best competitor is a dead competitor. And not necessarily a strong competitor. The main thing is to strangle all the possibility of competition. You can impose sanctions on both Iran, North Korea, Cuba, Russia (and there was the USSR). Does it help poorly? Iran has survived, North Korea has survived, Cuba is alive, Russia is butting. To prevent competition, countries must be driven into the Stone Age and not allowed to rise. Like in Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya. Are the Arabs stupid? But what about the sharp countries of the Warsaw block? Have they developed technologically? For example, the Baltic states. There was an underdeveloped Soviet economy. Now there is an overripe capitalist? About gifts with diamonds. To whom did the USSR stupidly distribute gold and diamonds? Israel today is a major diamond-processing power. We are the largest suppliers of rough diamonds to Izail. Do we have 140 million sheep? About the boys. When we fought in Korea and Vietnam, did we set up our own? We defended our interests, our Americans. When we crossed the USSR border and fought on the territory of the Reich, whose interests did we defend? Framed your guys? Plus, minus. I put you a zero. What do you answer to this?
  6. bubalik
    bubalik 17 July 2016 22: 38
    +5
    For almost a week in Juba - the capital of South Sudan - the shooting does not stop. Streets patrol tanks. Some quarters are processed by artillery. The airport is blocked, planes can neither take off nor land. Fierce fighting is taking place in the city center: rebels attacked the president’s residence, in turn, government troops fired helicopters and tanks from the residence of the vice president. Residents of the capital flee for thousands to a refugee camp opened by the UN.
    ,,, I didn’t even know request ,,, and the silence in the media ,,, well, yes it’s not Nice, not Turkey, but some Negros or niggas ,,, sad ,,, but it became clear what kind of coups ,,, yes
    Minerals of Sudan:
    oil, natural gas, gold, silver, chromite, asbestos, manganese, gypsum, mica, marble, zinc, iron, uranium, copper, kaolin, cobalt, granite, nickel and tin.

    Mineral deposits of Sudan:
    8 - petroleum, 9 - iron, 10 - chromites, 11 - copper, 12 - lead, 13 - zinc, 14 - gold.

    Gold. The most significant gold deposits of Sudan are small in size and are located in the north-east of the country in the Red Sea Mountains and are associated with Archean greenstone belts. This is the Gebeyt field (production was stopped in the 1975 year) and the existing Hassai mine.
    The Hassai mine is located in the same area as the Gebeyt deposit and is confined to a pyrite deposit (iron hat) in volcanic-sedimentary rocks. Gold is confined to quartz-barite aggregates and traced at a distance of 100m. The mine is developed by the Canadian company La Mancha Resources Inc.

    Chromites. In the highlands of Ingessan, a small deposit of chromite is mined. Mining is performed to produce ores and concentrates with a Cr2O3 54% content.

    In Sudan, there are also copper deposits - Hofrat en Nahas,
    iron ore deposits - Fodikwan, Karora, Sofaya.
    Significant gypsum deposits are located on the Red Sea coast.
  7. iliitchitch
    iliitchitch 17 July 2016 22: 44
    +1
    As long as the "international community" will decide its questions, the massacre around the world will continue. Well, is it difficult to disperse two crowds of grimy savages armed to the teeth in Sudan? No, of course, but everyone has their own "interests", who will be the first to sign? Moreover, the interests are no longer with the states, with the TNCs. But this is dangerous. Profit, profit, profit ... He passed, imperialism, the highest point, fell at the peak, and then Ilyich did not write. And what to do?
  8. maxim1987
    maxim1987 17 July 2016 22: 52
    +2
    Quote: Dr. Vlado
    And my minus too! Amer’s victory, wherever it may be, is of no use to us. To flaunt my indifference to the grief of my neighbor ... I have no respect. It is not in Russian!


    Do not tell me what area you are from, that you have Sudan in the neighbors laughing
  9. SCHWERIN
    SCHWERIN 17 July 2016 22: 54
    +9
    Gentlemen by .... you and their supporters, you are wrong. I designed it in the Russian Federation. Remember el-qing from the rostrum feared Gorbi civil war? But at that time society at 99,99 was homogeneous and nothing could give rise to a civil war in the Russian Federation.
    Now the situation is different and it is getting worse. Crisis, sanctions, preparation for war, price increases, etc. etc. But there is a class that does not suffer from this, well, just a little - there are no cheeses and jamon.
    Those. there is antagonism in society with certain consequences. Russia has already gone through this, there was a civil war. And who "helped" us in it? Americans, British, Czechs, Poles, Japons. Supported one side against the other. What, not Africa? Nut to nut!
    No one even thought about the collapse of the Union. Everyone went in formation for the Pied Piper flute and came. Farther. Russians will fight with Ukrainians? Yes, this is nonsense, this can never be. It was broadcast by everyone. It turned out, maybe even like that! And who is driving there in Ukra? The Germans, the French. Oops ..
    Therefore, when a neighbor’s house is on fire, don’t think that everything will be OK for you. And the gentleman from the EU is right.
    1. iliitchitch
      iliitchitch 18 July 2016 01: 22
      0
      Quote: SCHWERIN
      Gentlemen by .... you and their supporters, you are wrong.


      Already boring somehow, gentlemen. I don’t jerk, just like in life.
      Here in the south a rabid mustachioed cockroach jumps up - Uncle Vova looks at him, well, jump. In the west, a brawler - a cowboy with a climacteric grandmother hooked - Uncle Vova is looking at them, well, catch on. IQ for two, God forbid, a couple of hundred.
      Petruhan can not sober up in any way - Uncle Vova is again looking at down. But father throws up - Uncle Vova looks again.
      And what’s characteristic is that Moscow doesn’t jerk anywhere, but these are a bit - yes here they are, right here, the apostles john rush that your feldjägeri. We are ashamed of ourselves, not by status. But in the morning they need to spit in Russia - a ritual, however. And then voters will not understand, maimuns. wassat
  10. Dyagilev
    Dyagilev 17 July 2016 23: 22
    +2
    In the UN Security Council, the American side has repeatedly blocked attempts to impose an arms embargo on belligerents.
    It is strange if this fact takes place to be, then at each speech of our representative it is necessary to poke them in the insolent American mouth.
    1. Paranoid50
      Paranoid50 17 July 2016 23: 34
      +2
      Quote: Dyagilev
      then at each speech of our representative it is necessary to poke them in the insolent American mouth.

      Yes, Churkin there, in the UN (just like that, no UN) has already broken his tongue. Apart from the single voices of support, he, like Don Quixote, chops with these striped mills, grinding everything and everyone. PS Meanwhile, in the mattress (Louisiana), the current descendants of Africans again shot cops, three corpses. "The mice cried, choked, but continued to eat the cactus ..."
  11. RUS-MAN
    RUS-MAN 17 July 2016 23: 25
    0
    And so I believe that south-east Sudan, south-west Sudan, central-south Sudan, south-side Sudan, north and south Sudan and small-land Sudan will appear further.
    1. VSZMK
      VSZMK 18 July 2016 04: 57
      0
      Principality of Dink and the Republic of Nuer.
  12. rumatam
    rumatam 18 July 2016 17: 48
    0
    Madame, you would at least decipher what was pulled somewhere.
    Tribalism is a form of group isolation characterized by inner isolation and exclusivity, usually accompanied by hostility towards other groups.