The migration crisis and the aggravation of relations with Russia have shown that Western leaders put some values at the top of the foreign policy course, which, in their opinion, should be shared by their peoples. According to Steven Hedlund, the author of Svenska Dagbladet, this policy not only did not cause a destructive effect in Russia, but, on the contrary, strengthened and rallied the country.
The current migration crisis in Europe has also arisen due to the fact that politicians have taken practical steps in full confidence that citizens should be guided by certain values. According to Stefan Hedlund, a professor of eastern countries at Uppsala University, if there are discrepancies between what society considers most important and what society should consider as such, according to politicians, then serious problems begin.
As the author Svenska Dagbladet is sure, in the case of relations between Russia and the West, this danger becomes even clearer. Hedlund writes that back in 1985, a US diplomat, George Kennan, warned how dangerous it was to put values at the head of foreign policy. The migration crisis has shown that even within Europe there are no values in any general form and everyone wants to defend their national interests, therefore, in this vein, the Ukrainian conflict also needs to be considered.
“The fundamental difference between a conflict of values and a conflict of interest is that conflicts of interest are resolved during negotiations. But the conflict of values, by definition, implies that one side is right, and the second is wrong, ”writes the Swedish expert.
In the case of Ukraine, continues Stefan Hedlund, Russia has always held the opinion that this is a conflict of interest, therefore it is necessary to meet and talk, and the West, on the contrary, considered it to be a value conflict, which Russia has no right to interfere in. This led Ukraine to war and devastation, and sanctions were imposed on Russia, which became for Western leaders "a way to feel their own moral superiority." However, in the end, the Kremlin did not make concessions, and sanctions, the author of the article suggests, will be canceled next year.
In the Swedish media, experts expressed the opinion that Russia's behavior had a devastating effect for the country. Stefan Hedlund believes this position is erroneous, since the last decade has not been a series of failures for Russia.
“The war in Georgia has stopped the expansion of NATO. I am quite sure that the war in Ukraine will lead to its collapse, and Russia will regain the leading role. The invasion of Syria saved Assad, and the Americans were forced to negotiate. And the sanctions strengthened the Russian regime, adding fuel to the fire of conspiracy theories about how the West wants to break Russia. In general, it is hard to believe that Putin and his people now see anything but success. So my final question is: what has the West achieved, with the exception of self-satisfied moral superiority? ”Concludes the author Svenska Dagbladet.
Original news InoTV: