According to the press service of the Kalashnikov concern, serial deliveries of boats of two new types included in the so-called. single battle group. Boats have some differences and are designed to solve various problems. At the same time, they must be operated in parallel by special forces. Boats were developed relatively recently and as an initiative. Last year, this technique was first shown to a potential customer and the general public, and later it was tested and recommended for mass production. In addition, there was a formal adoption.
Several new projects of boats for various purposes were developed by the Rybinsk Shipyard, which is part of the Kalashnikov concern. The premiere demonstration of such equipment took place last year during the international naval salon IMDS-2015. In the future, new boats have passed all the necessary tests. Before the end of last year, according to the results of all inspections, two types of new boats were put into service. Also, a contract for the mass production of such equipment appeared, the implementation of which has so far reached the supply of finished products.
In early July, the first serial boats of new types were handed over to the customer. The existing contract involves the construction and supply of boats models BK-10 and BK-16. This technique is included in the so-called. united combat group and has a number of characteristic features. So, with some noticeable differences, the boats of the two projects have similar running characteristics, which makes it possible, during preparation for operations, to form a grouping in accordance with current tasks and use the optimal combination of one or two types of equipment. Both the BC-10 and the BC-16 are capable of at least 40 knots, and the cruising range exceeds 400 nautical miles.
The purpose of the BK-10 project was to create a high-speed assault boat. This sample is designed to transport personnel with weapons and special equipment or other payload. Characteristics allow the boat to operate in the coastal zone. Also, the boat is able to carry out the landing on the prepared and unprepared coast, if necessary, supporting the soldiers with fire. Such capabilities allow the crew of the BC-10 to perform a wide range of different tasks. The boat can be used to provide special operations, evacuate the wounded, in the fight against terrorists or pirates, in providing assistance in distress, etc. The breadth of the circle of tasks is determined by the characteristic technical appearance of the boat.
Boat BK-10 is built on a rigid-inflatable inflatable circuit. It has a main body made of aluminum-magnesium alloy, on which all the necessary units are mounted, and is also equipped with an additional inflatable balloon located on the nose and side parts of the body. Inside the hard case are the volumes to accommodate some units and other equipment. The total length of the speed boat BK-10 is 10,48 m, width - 3,7 m. The empty displacement is stated at the level of 3,7 t, full - 6,6 t.
On the open deck of the boat is set the control post with two crew jobs. With the help of existing equipment, the crew can control all the onboard systems and fully control their work. Behind the crew jobs is the landing area for the landing. In the existing configuration of the boat on the deck it is proposed to install 12 seats for paratroopers. They are arranged in three rows of four rows of longitudinal seats in each and provide comfortable movement along the route, and also do not impede landing on the shore.
In the stern of the boat, two 300 hp engines are installed. Such a power plant allows you to reach speeds of the order of 40 nodes. Economic speed is declared at the level of 22 nodes. With optimal fuel consumption, the cruising range reaches 400 miles, which significantly increases the practical potential of the boat.
The BK-10 high-speed assault boat does not have its own weapons, however, the payload and other design parameters allow the landing force to carry with it the necessary weapon and use it against surface or coastal targets.
The second sample of equipment, recently reached the troops, is a high-speed transport-landing craft. The task of the boat BC-16 is also the transportation of personnel and cargo for various purposes. There is an opportunity to participate in various operations in the coastal zone. The boat is capable of solving various combat missions directly at the shore or at a certain distance from it. Thanks to this, the crew and troops can fight with pirates or terrorists in various conditions, as well as participate in helping those in distress or carrying out evacuation.
Speed boat BK-16 has significant differences from the BK-10, associated with a different tactical role and other requirements. The project BK-16 was created taking into account the latest domestic and foreign developments in this area, which had a significant impact on the appearance of the finished equipment. In particular, the new boats of the Kalashnikov concern are very similar to the 03160 Raptor equipment, and also have the same goals.
The boat with a full displacement of 19,5 t (empty - 13 t) has a length of 16,45 m with a width of 4 m and a draft of 0,87 m. The main structural elements are made of an aluminum-magnesium alloy, which provides the required strength with a comparatively small mass. The hull of the boat BK-16 has a characteristic layout with a front cabin deck, behind which is a large volume for the transport of troops. Aft hull given under the power plant.
The crew consists of two people whose workplaces are located in a fully enclosed wheelhouse with glazing, ensuring maximum visibility. The entire central part of the hull accommodates the troop compartment, designed to transport fighters or to place other payloads, depending on the modification. Along the sides of the troop compartment are places for 19 passengers. The landing is made through the aft hatch of the troop compartment, leading to the deck, or through the bow corridor, equipped with upper covers and a folding ramp. The latter is used when landing on an unprepared coast.
In the aft hull compartment there are two 780 horsepower engines coupled with jet propulsion units. With their help, BK-16 can reach speeds up to 42 nodes. At an economic speed of 30 knots, the boat can go up to 400 nautical miles. Indicators of seaworthiness allow the vessel to operate in the coastal zone.
The BK-16 project implies the use of an armament complex that includes various systems. As the basis of the armament complex concern "Kalashnikov" it is proposed to use a remotely controlled combat module with a two-plane stabilization and a protected body. The control system is capable of independently accompanying up to 10 targets. The combat module can be equipped with various types of machine guns.
In the front part of the deck, a swiveling installation is provided for mounting a large-caliber machine gun or an automatic grenade launcher. Four rifle-caliber machine guns can also be installed along the sides of the deck. It is possible to transport light missile systems for various purposes, a certain number of sea mines, etc.
There are several variants of the speed boat BK-16, which differ from each other by their purpose and, as a result, by the composition of the special equipment. The main version is a transport-landing craft designed to transport personnel and disembark it at the place where the combat mission is performed. In addition, the construction of boats for other purposes. With the help of alterations of the troop compartment, the BC-16 can become a mobile command center with a set of communications and control equipment, as well as workplaces for nine specialists. A variant of a medical boat with the appropriate equipment is proposed. It is also possible to build fire boats and vessels for divers.
Interestingly, the first instance of the BK-16 boat was built in the fall of 2014, shortly after which its tests began on the Black Sea. By mid-2015, tests of this technique were carried out with the participation of the Black Sea fleet. Soon, a prototype of the new boat took part in the exhibitions "Army 2015" and IMDS-2015, where it was demonstrated to the country's leadership. Last summer, the construction of the second boat of the new model was completed, which later also went to the test. Judging by the latest reports, the construction of such equipment has continued. The consequence of this was the delivery of new boats to the customer.
According to recent reports, the delivery of serial samples of new equipment to the Ministry of Defense began not so long ago. The customer received the first serial boats BK-10 and boats BK-16. This technique is intended for use by special forces that require high-speed vehicles to move in the coastal zone and disembark at the necessary points. The supply of such boats, as well as the technology of some other projects, will significantly increase the mobility of units in various conditions.
Two projects of high-speed boats have already been brought to mass production. Two more developments of similar technology have not yet reached this stage. The Kalashnikov Concern has also developed to date the speed assault boat BK-9 and the multipurpose boat BK-18. The first is a vehicle capable of carrying up to nine paratroopers and carrying a reservation to protect people or units. BK-18, in turn, is similar to an enlarged and modified version of the BK-16 with the corresponding characteristics. In terms of goals and objectives, the BC-9 boat and the BC-18 boat do not differ much from the samples received in the series.
New boats have already been brought to mass production. The same can happen with other promising projects. Thus, in the foreseeable future, domestic special forces will receive a sufficient number of new equipment, which will increase their mobility to the required level, which will positively affect their mobility and the effectiveness of the performance of combat missions in general.
On the materials of the sites: