If Ukraine joins NATO by then, the heavy armament of the alliance can be located in 400 kilometers from the capital of our Motherland. At the same time, it is likely that missile defense facilities will be located there, negotiations on this account have been under way since 2007.
Around the middle, at the latest at the end of 2030, the still only superpower, gradually but steadily losing its power, may, trying to regain world domination, deliver the first disarming strike to our strategic nuclear forces primarily from Europe. And then try to level the retaliatory strike by means of a global missile defense system.
Our strategy to prevent such a situation now comes down to the fact that in the event of a global confrontation, in addition to exchanging blows from the strategic nuclear forces, we get involved in a war in a European theater, without any further threat to the United States.
Eight or ten SSBNs that are now being commissioned can be destroyed by a sophisticated PLO (anti-submarine defense) of a potential enemy, the strategic bombers Tu-95 and Tu-160 must be constantly kept in the air off the coast of the United States, which is extremely expensive and practically unrealistic. The ocean fleet, which could be there the whole year round, has not been created yet, our naval bases in the American part of the world are absent.
The usual build-up of strategic nuclear forces, standard weapons, even the most advanced ones like the “Status-6” (more in detail, “Necessary and sufficient”) does not completely prevent the danger. First, the United States will have analogues. Secondly, the Europe under their control will still host dual-use missile defense systems. The first signs of this policy are the operational missile defense areas in Romania and Poland.
Exotic Scenarios - Using Climate and Geophysical weapons type of volcanic eruption in the Yellowstone Reserve, underwater explosions in areas of oceanic faults along the shores of North America (“Nuclear Special Forces”) - too adventurous, and most importantly - unpredictable in consequences. In the light of recent events in Syria, where the Western community simply puts wands at us, covering the treachery of the Turks and imitating the fight against the IS prohibited in Russia, it can be stated that the military-political power of the Russian Federation is clearly not enough to force the US to stop its subversive activities to change undesirable for them regimes, the seizure of natural resources and the deployment of global missile defense elements in Europe.
We need, without getting involved in the European confrontation and the disastrous new arms race for the country, to find an inexpensive but effective way of influencing the consciousness of the American nation itself rather than the overseas leadership.
It should be noted that in the historical confrontation between the two superpowers in the second half of the twentieth century there was a precedent when, with some adventurous policies of the Soviet leadership, the problem of deploying US nuclear missiles in Europe was still solved. This is the Caribbean crisis. When the USSR attempted to deploy nuclear missiles in Cuba, panic arose among the population of the southern states of the United States, and the American leadership was forced to negotiate with our country and remove nuclear missiles from Europe and Turkey.
After more than 50 years of the Russian Federation, it is necessary to solve a similar problem again. The Caribbean crisis revealed one feature of the US, let's call it demogeographic: more than 75 percent of their population lives in the 500-mile proximity to the ocean coastline with a total length of about ten thousand kilometers. The main production facilities, political and intellectual centers and the corresponding infrastructure are also located there. And if the Russian Federation, in response to threats of deploying near and medium-range nuclear missiles in Europe under the cover of missile defense elements, can demonstrate the ability to deploy such weapons near the US ocean coast, then a crisis situation is unlikely to arise at all.
The current geopolitical position of Russia will most likely not allow for the prompt deployment of nuclear missiles in friendly countries of Central and Latin America, as opposed to the United States. Even if we create that in the near future is extremely problematic, the ocean navy, its connections without air cover, cannot threaten the American coast. The construction of full-fledged aircraft carriers, about which the controversy has been going on for the last decade, will drag on indefinitely and simply destroy the country history creation and combat use of the French atomic aircraft carrier "Charles de Gaulle").
But there is a solution. It consists in the creation of a new type of naval armaments to which the main probable enemy cannot threaten us due to the disparate demogeographic features. The bulk of the population, production facilities, political and intellectual centers of the Russian Federation are located in the depths of the Eurasian subcontinent, and the entry of NATO aircraft-carrying strike groups into the Black, Baltic and Barents Seas will be easily parried by the Russian Armed Forces. The coast of the Far East and the Arctic Ocean is inhabited only slightly. We are talking about super-heavy ekranoplans of dual use: aircraft carriers and multifunctional combat vehicles or on the same transport platform with one hundred percent mobilization resource.
324 knot on the Northern Sea Route
A specific study of the possibility of implementing quite complex, but completely solvable, technical problems for the construction of such weapons was carried out back in the 60s. This is the topic of ENBS (WIG - carriers of the group of combat aircraft), which was worked out in the Rostislav Alekseev design bureau. Around the same time, Robert Bartini put forward the theory of intercontinental land transport, which proved the cost-effectiveness of ultra-long intercontinental sea transportation with ekranoplans, proposed the aircraft-carrying VTOL-2500, tested two types of mock-ups and built an experimental sample of VVA-14.
Our engineering community made a study, taking into account modern advances in the field of theater, structural materials, transport NPIs, etc., of an ekranoplans of the largest theoretically possible carrying capacity. We are ready to provide a technical rationale for such a multi-functional platform (application number 20161105207). In connection with dual assignment - both military, including with the possibility of launching ICBMs from anywhere in the oceans, and civilian, for example, to put into orbit blocks for interplanetary expeditions weighing up to 200 tons from the equator, and with possible cooperation with China countries concerned, the total cost of creating and operating such a system would not be an unbearable burden for the national budget.
The civilian version of ekranoplans is supposed to be used primarily on the lines of Southeast Asia - Europe through the Northern Sea Route, in which China and European countries are primarily interested in increasing the traffic flow. Calculations show that for the transportation of 50 million tons of cargo, and the need for such volumes is projected by the 2020 year, the Murmansk-Shanghai line will require 90 – 100 of UL class vessels with a deadweight of 65 thousand tons. At the same time, the transition by the Northern Sea Route with the average speed of the 13,4 node will take about 23 days. For the transportation of the same volume of cargo by heavy ground-surface wig 10 thousands of tons with a speed of 324 node (600 km / h) will require no more than 18 – 20 units, and the transition time will not exceed 24 hours. It should be noted that the potential cargo traffic on this route - more than 650 million tons, now passes through the Suez Canal.
Sea walks with rockets
One of the main common design decisions is the use of specialized cargo spaces of the same type inside the center-section of an ekranoplana platform, equipped with several loading and unloading systems. In the military version there can be airplanes, various combat systems, in the civilian - standard sea containers and other cargoes, including dimensional ones. At the same time, they will be able to automatically move around the decks and holds, descend into the center section and move up.
In the event of a threatened situation deemed critical for the emergence of a nuclear standoff, both combat and transport W / O screens armed with TNW (this does not violate any agreements on limiting strategic nuclear forces) can be deployed to the shores of the main potential enemy in a few hours, which will prevent any snatch.
Calculations show that in peacetime near the coast of the United States, it is necessary to keep from two to six groups of super-heavy ENBS, each consisting of two - four winged screens with different combat functionality, from anti-submarine to anti-missile, and the total number of combat aircraft to 80 units. The main task of these groups is to neutralize the SNF located in three US states: Montana, Wyoming and North Dakota, as well as the naval base with the SSBNs based on them. In a threatened position, super-heavy ekranoplanes are capable of delivering several thousand Club system containers to the shores of the aggressor within a day and a half.
We are ready to report on the essence of our proposals to the Committee on Defense Issues of the Federation Council, all interested agencies and organizations with preliminary conceptual elaboration by experts invited by them, because we consider it extremely important to strengthen the defense capability of our Motherland primarily in terms of forcing the United States to abandon the deployment of global missile defense in Europe. Civilian use of this transport system will save huge amounts of money, making it possible to abandon the construction of the new Panama Canal, provide year-round “northern delivery”, speedy delivery of Far Eastern fishery products to the European part of the country and much more.