Military Review

Once again on the PMCs: let's talk about the nuances

121
Once again on the PMCs: let's talk about the nuances

Foreign PMCs pay great attention to preparing their fighters for combat in difficult terrain conditions. Photos from the page of the Academi training center on Facebook


Quite a lot has been written about private military companies (PMCs) in detail. However, despite this, public opinion and not only reigns amateurish approach to the creation and use of PMCs. I will try to clarify the understanding of a number of regulations on the activities of these organizations.

MILITARY SERVICES FOR PAYMENT

The modern market of private military services began to take shape in the second half of the twentieth century. Its subjects are private security companies, on a reimbursable contractual basis, providing (mainly outside their own country) military services to legal entities and individuals.

Currently, according to various estimates, there are more than 3 thousand private military and security companies in the world, most of which are registered in the USA, France and Great Britain. Since then, they have trained army units in 42 countries and participated in more than 700 conflicts. According to the UN, the volume of exports of private military and security services in different years of the twentieth century ranged from 20 to 100 billion dollars a year. Recently, the demand for these services is increasing, and, according to experts, its annual growth will be at least 7%. Thus, by the beginning of the 21st century, a transnational private military enterprise industry appeared in the world. Moreover, this “tool” is increasingly used by leading countries to solve foreign policy problems. The absence of PMCs in Russia is the modern position of the country's political leadership. Depending on the level of international threats, it may be revised.

A special role in the development and application of PMCs is played by supranational coordination and control structures, which, on the one hand, as well as nation states, see PMCs as a tool for implementing policies without their direct participation, and on the other hand, they are considered as a kind of alternative to regular armies when internal forces arise. and regional conflicts.

Under the pressure of supranational coordination and management structures, privatization of the traditional functions of the state by private organizations is carried out. This process affects both the military and security sectors. Increasingly, private military service providers are used to perform military functions that until recently were performed by the state. As noted in the UN documents, the privatization of state security functions has become a global trend.

New political realities influenced the resolution of issues of war and peace, changes in national military doctrines, and the qualitative state of the leading armies of the world. Instead of “traditional” armies, special forces are demanded for conducting police operations in the third world countries, since now the enemy of the armed forces of the state is much more likely to become not the regular army of the neighboring side, but partisan and terrorist groups. To carry out such operations, PMCs are most suitable, whose control and tactics of their actions are more flexible and better suited to counteract irregular formations.

Consequently, the emergence of PMCs in a certain way changes not only approaches to the use of military force in peacetime, but also the concept of the military policy of the state as a whole. The presence in the arsenal of any subject of international relations of such an instrument gives it significant advantages in global competition.

In this regard, it should be emphasized that a serious shortcoming of PMCs is their insufficient legal support. The analysis of the legislation of the states in which there are PMCs indicates that at the domestic level, the activities of PMCs are currently regulated by national legislation in only a small number of countries and are mostly superficial. In most cases, PMC activities outside the state are based on self-regulation and are carried out within the framework of corporate codes of conduct and activities of PMCs, which relate to the internal corporate aspects of training and the activities of their personnel, general principles that companies are required to comply with in providing military services, and other aspects.

Despite this, the activities of PMCs and their personnel in the international arena have so far not become the subject of international legal regulation. The current international law does not yet contain rules on the principles and conditions of such activities, which by and large endangers the sovereignty and independence of the states in whose territories PMCs operate.

In order to fill this gap in international law, the UN Commission on Human Rights in 2005 set up a UN Working Group on the use of mercenaries as a means of violating human rights and opposing the exercise of the right of peoples to self-determination, which by July 2009 prepared a draft International Convention on Control, supervision and monitoring of private military and security companies. This document will be legally binding after approval by the UN. He will establish minimum international standards in order to regulate the activities of PMCs and their personnel, and the creation of an international supervisory mechanism.

In addition, the international community undertakes various initiatives in the field of self-regulation of PMCs and the development of recommendations for them. In this regard, first of all, you should pay attention to the Montreux Document. It was developed in 2008 in the framework of the so-called Swiss Initiative by the Government of the Swiss Confederation in collaboration with the International Committee of the Red Cross to promote respect for international humanitarian law and human rights in relation to PMCs operating in conflict situations. It has been signed by more than 50 states, among which the Russian Federation is not included, since its legislation does not yet provide for this activity. This document should facilitate intergovernmental discussion of issues arising from the use of PMCs. At the same time, as indicated in the introduction of the Montreux Document, he himself and “the provisions contained in it do not create legal obligations”.

In 2010, the International Code of Conduct for Private Security Companies was adopted, the goal of which is to consolidate the agreed principles of their activities and create the basis for translating these principles into relevant standards, as well as establishing management and oversight mechanisms. This document does not impose any legal obligations and any legal liability on the companies that have signed it.

An analysis of the legal regulation of PMCs indicates that today there is no reliable legal mechanism capable of exercising effective control over their activities either at the national or international level. According to experts, to create such a mechanism, it is necessary, not excluding self-regulation, to establish a two-level legal regulation of PMC activities related to the export (import) of military and security services, namely:

- norms of national legislation, designed, on the one hand, to implement international obligations, and on the other hand, to take into account the peculiarities of national systems and traditions;

- norms of international law in the framework of the relevant international treaty.

RUSSIAN APPROACH

In accordance with the challenges of time, taking into account the international situation, the 14 of March of this year was also developed in the Russian Federation. The draft Federal Law “On Private Military Security Activities” was submitted to the State Duma, which was developed by experts from the Independent Scientific Foundation “Institute for Security and Sustainable Development” and used new approaches to the legal regulation of private military security organizations (hereinafter referred to as ChVOO). These include:

- implementation of legal regulation of the activities of the ChVOO by a separate federal law;

- the inclusion in the national law on ChVOO a number of basic provisions of international law, such as observance by the ChVOO and their employees of universal norms in the field of human rights and humanitarian law, respect for the sovereignty of states, etc .;

- availability of guarantees of legal use and application weapons, special and technical equipment of the ChVOO and their employees, as well as the lawful and proportionate use of force;

- the creation of licensing mechanisms for the activities of ChVOO abroad and in Russia;

- exercising control and supervision over the activities of ChVOO in accordance with the legislation of the state of registration and the state of territorial jurisdiction, as well as relevant international agreements and treaties;

- punishment of perpetrators for carrying out illegal private military security activities in the manner established by the legislation of the Russian Federation, the legislation of the country of provision of services and international law.

An important guarantee of the legitimacy of the activity of the ChVOO is a three-level legal regulation of their activities - in accordance with international, Russian law and the law of the states of territorial jurisdiction.

11 April this year The Council of the State Duma decided: to appoint a responsible committee (State Duma Committee on Defense); submit feedback, suggestions and comments to the bill; prepare a bill for consideration by the State Duma; include the bill in the sample program. Thus, legal prerequisites were created for the creation of PMCs in Russia.

NOT MERCENARIES, AND PRIVATE BUSINESS

In conclusion, I will give a few explanations about the nature of the PMC activities.

Often these companies are compared with mercenaries. However, international law provides a clear definition of mercenaries. Thus, Article 47 (2) of Additional Protocol I to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949 of the year defines a mercenary as any person who:

(a) Specially recruited locally or abroad in order to fight in armed conflict;

b) actually takes direct part in hostilities;

c) takes part in hostilities, guided mainly by the desire to receive personal gain, and which is actually promised by the party or on behalf of the party to the conflict, a material remuneration substantially higher than the reward promised or paid to combatants of the same rank and functions included in personnel of the armed forces of this side;

d) is neither a citizen of a party to the conflict, nor a resident of the territory controlled by the party to the conflict;

e) does not belong to the armed forces of the party to the conflict;

(f) Not sent by a state that is not a party to the conflict to perform official duties as a member of its armed forces.

None of these signs has anything to do with PMC activities. Moreover, according to international law and national legislation, PMCs do not have the right to take part in hostilities as part of regular armed formations. But they have the right to use weapons in the provision of military services specified in the contract with the customer, to protect themselves and ensure the security of the objects, property and people entrusted to them.

Often ask the question: private security companies - is a private business. How can the state benefit from them?

Indeed, PMCs is an expensive commercial organization. However, the talk that PMCs act at their own peril and risk does not correspond to reality. In most countries, they are under strict control of the security forces of the state of registration. Private security agreements are necessary there and then when other instruments of the state’s foreign policy are absent or ineffective. The emergence of Russian PMCs will not particularly affect the state of the military services market. Another thing is that a number of developing states will prefer Russian PMCs.

And finally, a number of experts point to the fact that PMCs are not needed in the light of the fact that Rosgvardia, which has extensive powers, has been created in our country. This is not entirely true. Firstly, Rosgvardia is a state body, and secondly, its extensive powers do not allow it to perform the numerous tasks confronting PMCs. At the same time, it is necessary to take into account that the main beneficiary of Russian PMCs is the government of the Russian Federation.
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  1. ALABAY45
    ALABAY45 9 July 2016 18: 09
    +7
    And, in conditions at -46, when the urine falling on the snow "rustles" and the "Tiger" carbine grease works slowly, like Estonia, and you have to warm your hands in the carcass of a slain elk, will the PMC workers work ?! Oh, I don't think so ... Although, there are also "super guys" ...
    1. dmi.pris
      dmi.pris 9 July 2016 18: 39
      +8
      And who needs PMCs in Russia? Oligarchs? They have their own security services, and they have different tasks. Going to fight over the hill for the whim of a billionaire? Fire me, and you don’t need your money.
      1. The comment was deleted.
      2. PKK
        PKK 9 July 2016 20: 07
        +4
        PMCs are outside politics and not belonging to any country. No one will say it was attacked by Russia, but they will say that it is fighting PMCs. The United States and the company have long mastered this topic, it’s time for Russia to wail.
      3. RUS96
        RUS96 9 July 2016 20: 35
        +5
        Yesterday an ambiguous article came to VC. I propose to your court ... ↓
        1. RUS96
          RUS96 9 July 2016 20: 37
          -1
          .......................
        2. mad
          mad 9 July 2016 21: 24
          0
          Quote: RUS96
          Yesterday an ambiguous article came to VC. I propose to your court ... ↓

          I know the guys from Wagner's division, a very entertaining and serious office ... "Fontanka" publishes materials on this PMC for the second time, and judging by the awareness, leaks continue (((I'm surprised that they were still put in a knee-elbow position.
          1. Ratmir_Ryazan
            Ratmir_Ryazan 9 July 2016 23: 18
            +1
            How to get there?
            1. Fox
              Fox 10 July 2016 07: 30
              0
              by recommendation.
            2. mad
              mad 10 July 2016 08: 39
              0
              From the side in almost nothing. Someone must vouch.
        3. avva2012
          avva2012 10 July 2016 12: 03
          0
          Shooters? And who is he after that ...
      4. Snake AAA
        Snake AAA 9 July 2016 21: 44
        +1
        Well, for example, the war in the Donbass, you won’t send the army officially, and the PMCs are full there both from the Nazis and from our side, the volunteers are at war, but if we had PMCs, it would be a little different. All!!!
        1. Al1977
          Al1977 11 July 2016 11: 32
          0
          Quote: Serpent AAA
          Well, for example, the war in the Donbass, the army will not send officially

          Why? You can go to Syria, but why not ????
      5. Cherkashin Ivan
        Cherkashin Ivan 10 July 2016 09: 18
        +3
        Until recently, I completely shared your opinion. But now I look at this question differently.
        In order not to fall into theorizing, a concrete example can be considered. Nicaraguan Canal is under construction now. Russia is interested in its construction, at least to eliminate the US monopoly in this region on the passage from the Pacific Ocean to the Atlantic and vice versa.
        Since the start of construction, unhealthy fermentation began in the country. Suppose that some "rebels" are organized who will overthrow the current government and thus put an end to the canal project.
        It is impossible to send the armed forces of China or Russia to Nicaragua, such a decision will not be understood not domestically and internationally. But PMCs are a good tool for these purposes. In PMCs, it’s not even necessary to recruit Russian citizens, retirees from the CIS countries as commanders, and some Tajiks as ordinary soldiers (just as an option).
        The main thing here is that this company should be privately owned only by name, but in reality it’s a state tool for operations abroad.
    2. The comment was deleted.
    3. bubalik
      bubalik 9 July 2016 18: 42
      +15
      ALABAY45 (7) RU  Today, 18:09 And, in conditions at -46, when the urine falling on the snow "rustles" and the "Tiger" carbine grease works slowly, like Estonia, and you have to warm your hands in the carcass of a slain elk, PMC workers will work ?!


      ,,, Today, brothers, so be it,
      I will answer questions -
      How to survive
      Siberian frosts.

      Always strong and healthy.
      Without a doubt there
      Like a real Siberian,
      I eat dumplings for breakfast.

      And to your misfortune,
      The cold didn’t catch
      I definitely put
      A piece of fat on bread.

      And he has a garlic spirit
      Under the pink layer.
      More mustard on top-Wham!
      Vigorous, sharp, bitter.

      There are no big secrets in the menu -
      The stomach warms the heart.
      But the main secret here is
      Be able to dress warmly!

      Deeper cap pull
      And ears to the eyeballs.
      Scarf three times,
      So that only the eyes are visible.

      Fur pants do not forget
      Over cotton wool pants.
      High boots, sheepskin coat, and you can go.
      Well, something like that guys ...

      ************************

      Cunning Author. Well and rogue!
      He doesn't say a word about vodka.
      They drink in Siberia. And where do not drink?
      And he is healthy for life ... wink
      http://www.xa-xa.org/2014/12/14/kak-ne-merznut-v-sibiri.html
      1. ALABAY45
        ALABAY45 9 July 2016 18: 54
        +7
        They don’t drink in Siberia, they bite in Siberia ...! And the unforgettable taste of dumplings broth with moose calf, peppy pork, Uzbek onion, Georgian pepper and vodka at 5 hours 42 minutes ... good And the bay of the snowmobile engine ...
        1. serge siberian
          serge siberian 10 July 2016 15: 57
          0
          Quote: ALABAY45
          And the bay of the snowmobile engine ...

          and didn’t try it with legs or skiing? like grandfathers!
    4. Andrey Yuryevich
      Andrey Yuryevich 9 July 2016 18: 48
      +22
      let's call a spade a spade. PMCs-mercenaries, ready for the money to kill their own kind. for me, this is an immoral perversion of states that do not abhor dirty politics ... not ours.
      1. jjj
        jjj 9 July 2016 19: 03
        +1
        Well, ours, let's say, are not like perverts. True, there are many show-offs. Because of this, they are in one southern country and decently lost
      2. ALABAY45
        ALABAY45 9 July 2016 19: 15
        0
        I agree, not ours! But after the events in Ukraine, I got confused about the PMC ... Here, by the way, "Resident" is coming ... Brockman, etc. "Swindlers, trash!" quote....
      3. Asadullah
        Asadullah 9 July 2016 20: 03
        +2
        let's call a spade a spade. PMCs-mercenaries, ready for the money to kill their own kind.


        The article mixed everything in a heap. From that in our understanding, a mercenary, one who fights for money. In fact, for a long time no one has been fighting for free. And with regards to PMCs, this is a slightly different nature of activity. First of all, it is the protection of commercial enterprises abroad and not abroad. Traffic protection. Protection of state facilities and individuals. As a rule, all such firms work in concert with government agencies. The second type of activity is the training of both regular troops of third countries and non-regular. Third, construction, installation and other work at military facilities abroad.

        Moreover, the standard contract clearly states that the recruit does not participate in b \ d. And there were cases when, after the threat of a military attack on the object, mercenaries moved out of there according to the contract. What everyone thinks of is beyond the scope of firms, a person makes a decision at his own risk. Usually he is deceived or (and) killed. PMCs are not involved in special operations. To do this, there are state special forces.
        1. weksha50
          weksha50 9 July 2016 21: 15
          +8
          Quote: Asadullah
          As a rule, all such firms work in concert with government agencies.



          This can be considered a key phrase ...

          I think that it is unacceptable to allow the creation of PMCs in the form of personal armies of oligarchs ...

          Only ... Considering that politics is a dirty business ... And the boyars who think about the adoption of the law will distort this business ... Or they will "cut down" that such a limited PMC will not even be needed to protect the flock of sheep, or they will create such loopholes in the law , according to which the oligarchs will form their combat brigades officially ...

          How can you not recall Chernomyrdin's dictum: "We wanted the best, but it turned out - as always" ...
          Expected Phenomenon ...
          1. Asadullah
            Asadullah 9 July 2016 23: 28
            +5
            How can you not recall Chernomyrdin's dictum: "We wanted the best, but it turned out - as always" ...
            Expected Phenomenon ...


            Exactly. It’s even unpleasant to imagine what the Russian PMC might turn into, even if collectors with a legal education turn into banal bandits. In the West, this is simply an opportunity to differentiate financing. Back in the eighties, wild geese gathered more and more disorganized, and today, in the glorious city of Kinshasa, in any bar for foreigners you will meet former contract soldiers who will offer you escort, protection, acquaintance with the right people ..... yes all that just a hundred greens a day. Such is the fate of all mercenaries, to become a middling adventurer in the most urgent corners of the planet.
          2. serge siberian
            serge siberian 10 July 2016 16: 02
            0
            Quote: weksha50
            or they will create such loopholes in the law, according to which the oligarchs will officially create their combat brigades ...

            and you are sure that there are already none? with the financial capabilities of the oligarchs.
        2. Usher
          Usher 10 July 2016 05: 45
          +1
          Lol, why do they need "guards" if they move out under the threat of attack ??? For me, the author of the article wants to screw up everyone's brains, saying that black is white and vice versa, CHSV is MERCEDES, period, it's a no brainer, but leave all sorts of legal insinuations to grandmothers.
          1. Asadullah
            Asadullah 10 July 2016 13: 09
            +1
            Lol, why do they need "guards" if they move out under the threat of attack ???


            And it all depends on the contract. There are additional insurance points, which clearly indicate that death in the event of any hostilities is an uninsured event. So in the event of death from a gunshot wound, insurance is paid to relatives only after the completion of investigative actions and the establishment of all the circumstances of the incident. Which the insurance company can interpret in different ways, with the exception of the conviction of the villain by a court sentence, which will clearly indicate the motives. Security generally trades face. Everywhere except military facilities, but there are other contracts. And PMCs are different.
      4. APASUS
        APASUS 9 July 2016 20: 03
        +3
        Quote: Andrew Y.
        let's call a spade a spade. PMCs-mercenaries, ready for the money to kill their own kind. for me, this is an immoral perversion of states that do not abhor dirty politics ... not ours.

        Not ours, of course, but we live in capitalism and must play by their rules, otherwise we will lose.
        In addition, the PMC’s directly dirty business is escorted by ships through dangerous areas, guarding deposits and enterprises from real attacks in troubled regions.
        This is, of course, first and foremost a state tool.
      5. iliitchitch
        iliitchitch 9 July 2016 21: 29
        +5
        Quote: Andrew Y.
        let's call a spade a spade. PMCs-mercenaries, ready for the money to kill their own kind. for me, this is an immoral perversion of states that do not abhor dirty politics ... not ours.


        It's like with attack drones - as they were in the "gray" zone of international law, they will remain for a very long time, because it is beneficial to everyone except those
        who they urinate (and especially stubborn and in the case they urinate, in fairness). It’s the same with PMCs - it’s not for nothing that their French-saucy Frenchmen use it to the fullest, they’re the bandits themselves from the high road, robbed everyone where sweaty hands reached out.
        If today a PMC is created in Russia ... well, they will solve a couple of problems that are by no means strategic, but then what to do with these thugs? Just don't say that with us they will live according to the Charter. They should be in business. And? Looking for a "job" for them? It's just a dead end. PMCs of Russia are not needed; army, navy and aerospace forces are enough. I think so .
    5. evil partisan
      evil partisan 9 July 2016 19: 24
      0
      Quote: ALABAY45
      hands have to warm in the carcass of a killed elk

      I took the prosecutor's note. yes
      Hi poacher drinks
      1. ALABAY45
        ALABAY45 9 July 2016 19: 38
        +1
        Come, in October, collect the entire prosecutor’s office, most importantly, more girls! I will feed them (as preliminary caresses) with moose liver chops with ground pepper, shredded pink onions and fried porcini mushrooms (inside a 6-7 cm cut with loin fillet). Will you come ?! Or, so, are you scouting ?! repeat
        1. Igor39
          Igor39 9 July 2016 20: 04
          +1
          The news writes that the Mi 35 was shot down, the pilots died.
          1. weksha50
            weksha50 9 July 2016 21: 16
            +3
            Quote: Igor39
            The news writes that the Mi 35 was shot down, the pilots died.


            But before that they managed to storm the Abreks, rescued the Syrian unit ...

            The pilots were ours, they made a flyby ...
        2. Nikolay82
          Nikolay82 9 July 2016 21: 11
          0
          "Alabay45" you don't look like a Siberian. You can guess why.
    6. Großer feldherr
      Großer feldherr 9 July 2016 23: 54
      +1
      Quote: ALABAY45
      in conditions at -46, when the urine falling on the snow "rustles" and the "Tiger" carbine grease works slowly, like Estonia, and you have to warm your hands in the carcass of a slain elk, will the PMC workers work ?! Oh, I don't think ...


      If they pay with dignity, then it will work, as it should be for professionals - a fact, but they do not take laymen and amateurs there, all the same, the competition for the selection is more serious than the military one and the specifics ...
  2. demiurg
    demiurg 9 July 2016 18: 16
    +16
    How many words are there. Well, Americans-Germans-British do not want to die for the sake of the interests of their TNCs. Serbs, Poles, Turks, Russians are hired. And they are already dying for the sake of Goodyear's or Standard Oil's interests. At the same time, you can tell how 1-2-3 thousand soldiers control Iraq / Afghanistan / Zimbabwe, referring to the super technologies of the future, drones and rifles that shoot at 3 km. They just forget to add that there are 20-30-100 thousand mercenaries of the Horns and Hooves PMC there. They are killed like cockroaches, constantly and mercilessly.
    1. weksha50
      weksha50 9 July 2016 21: 19
      +5
      Quote: demiurg
      How many words then. Well, the Americans, Germans, and British do not want to die for the interests of their TNCs. They hire Serbs, Poles, Turks, Russians.



      Forgot about the French "Foreign Legion" ...

      Although I always liked the idea of ​​creating an analogue in Russia, for b / d it was abroad to fulfill strictly defined goals ...

      And just as well, grant Russian citizenship - according to the length of service and usefulness of the service ...
      1. demiurg
        demiurg 10 July 2016 06: 51
        -1
        Hire bandits from all over the world, and then give them citizenship who have gained combat experience?
        1. weksha50
          weksha50 10 July 2016 10: 46
          +1
          Quote: demiurg
          Hire bandits from around the world and then to them who gained combat experience to give citizenship?


          There was the USSR and 15 republics ... More than once the question was raised about the difficulties of obtaining citizenship by immigrants from those former republics ... But even among them there are enough military specialists ...

          And if each personnel or simply qualified military is considered a gangster, then what will we come to ??? Why does the army exist - to plant flower beds ??? Or is it still her main and cynical task - to kill-destroy the enemy ???

          A very difficult question ... You do not need to solve it with the help of waving checkers ...
  3. Olegater
    Olegater 9 July 2016 18: 16
    +7
    Quote: "A special role in the development and application of PMCs is played by the structures of supranational coordination and management, which, on the one hand, like national states, see PMCs as a tool for implementing policies without their direct participation, and on the other hand, they see them as an alternative to regular armies in the event of a intrastate and regional conflicts. "
    Here on the site we were very heatedly arguing about the NATO summit in Poland, but we missed a very important factor, like the number of PMC fighters, where they are currently located, what funding from states and supranational structures, there are a lot of questions. But what if these PMCs arrange a provocation (even with regard to the alliance, even with respect to Russia) and NATO will catch up and scream about Article 5 that they will be affected and start a war. What then? And further "Moreover, this" tool "is increasingly being used by leading countries to solve foreign policy problems."
    1. Very old
      Very old 9 July 2016 18: 47
      +9
      Twentieth-Century Pirates Sanctified by the Law.

      "... respect for human rights, respect for the sovereignty of states" - how!
      Money does not know how to respect and comply
      The author, YOU ......... @ Lavrov -?
      I don’t like the "undemocratic" policy, should I hire John Silver?
  4. The comment was deleted.
  5. Banishing liberoids
    Banishing liberoids 9 July 2016 18: 18
    +2
    We are not yet psychologically prepared for the creation of such companies, because the stereotype of the 90s is alive - there are law enforcement agencies and special services, and the rest are bandits. We now have a check dealing with business wringing and roofing of both companies and gangs. Therefore, people I’m not ready to believe in PMCs for a simple reason — all too often we were deceived and promised manna from heaven, and life changed only for the worse.
    1. Andrey Yuryevich
      Andrey Yuryevich 9 July 2016 18: 51
      +5
      Quote: Exorcist Liberoids
      We are not psychologically ready to create such companies,

      why are they? private?
      1. Snake AAA
        Snake AAA 9 July 2016 19: 20
        +9
        Private military armies are essentially necessary for dishonest states to play against the rules: for example, the United States wanted to stage a coup, you won’t send the army, but please, if we have nothing to do with it, they themselves are there and our army is at home !!!
        1. Cat man null
          Cat man null 9 July 2016 20: 12
          +1
          Quote: Snake AAA
          Private military armies are essentially necessary for honest states to play not according to the rules: for example, the USA, they wanted to stage a coup, you won’t send the army, but please, if we have nothing to do with it, they themselves are there and our army is at home

          - understandably
          - states are now divided into "honest" and "dishonest"
          - there are probably still "almost honest" and "not quite honest"

          Oooh, yooooooo ...
          1. Snake AAA
            Snake AAA 9 July 2016 21: 08
            0
            Well, this is an example, but in general they can be used anywhere and anytime, they can be used both for the good and in the wrong, depending on who is at the helm of this army ?! And against whom to use ?! For example, you won’t send our hostages to save our hostages in another country, but there are fewer bureaucracies in the resolution of third countries, and if we don’t accept them, they’re private owners :)
            1. Cat man null
              Cat man null 9 July 2016 21: 20
              +4
              Quote: Serpent AAA
              Well this is an example

              - This is not an example. This is nonsense, sorry ...

              Quote: Serpent AAA
              they can be used both for the good and in the wrong, depending on who is at the helm of this army

              So. Calmly laughing Take for granted:

              - PMC is a company registered in the Russian Federation. Therefore, obeying the laws of the Russian Federation
              - PMCs cannot work without close contact with government agencies (easier - with intelligence agencies)
              - PMCs will never undertake to fulfill the contract against which these special services object. For it is fraught ... sideways wink
              - PMCs do not work inside the Russian Federation (except, perhaps, some security missions. But for this there is already a lot of chop-oops - competition-s)

              And further:

              - PMC receives a certain offer (protection of ships from pirates, protection of any thread of the oil industry, where is the thread in Iraq, ...)
              - PMCs conclude a contract on the basis of this proposal
              - PMC selects personnel for this contract and fulfills it

              All. What is criminal - personally, I absolutely do not understand request
              1. Snake AAA
                Snake AAA 9 July 2016 21: 52
                +1
                Everything is true, but if our government has nothing to do with it, everyone in the world understands everything and you don’t officially dig in, like the Americans, everyone knows that all PMCs are under the CIA, but try to prove it, that's all !!!!!
                1. Air defense SSH
                  Air defense SSH 10 July 2016 10: 52
                  0
                  Nobody will prove it (Crimea, Donbass), uncle Sam will say sanctions - it means sanctions ...
                  Isn’t it easier to openly brush your teeth ?!
              2. Nikolay82
                Nikolay82 9 July 2016 22: 55
                +3
                Quote: Cat Man Null
                - PMC is a company registered in the Russian Federation. Therefore, obeying the laws of the Russian Federation

                Everything is correct except for this point, I will NOT say about the Russian Federation, but PMCs from other countries perform the work of "bandit roof" in the southern seas. What laws do they follow there? They do everything they have under the contract, but what methods are not written in the contract. Everyone went through hot spots in army units (this is mandatory when applying for this particular job)
                1. Cat man null
                  Cat man null 9 July 2016 23: 07
                  +1
                  Nikolay, once again: I'm talking about (conditional) "our", Russian PMC.

                  It is registered in the Russian Federation, and on the basis of this registration conducts its activities. It is understood that this registration may be revoked at any time.

                  Therefore, whatever this PMC does outside the borders of the Russian Federation, it is in its interests not to "substitute" its country. And then - according to the situation, the company is private ...

                  Actually, that's all yes

                  By the way, what is this

                  Quote: Nikolay82
                  PMCs from other countries carry out the work of "gang roofs" in the southern seas

                  I have not heard of such yet ...
                  1. Nikolay82
                    Nikolay82 10 July 2016 00: 00
                    +2
                    about this I will not spread. Since a relative of a friend is now there. There was a case about 20 years ago, with the illegal export of rare wood species from Africa to Europe. In the jungle, a detachment of one of the PMCs of Europe was operating, they were looking for "black" lumberjacks, and when found, they were either handed over to the authorities or killed (with resistance). All the confiscated timber went to Europe. Opened all this "green" from the European Parliament. The representative of the European Parliament had to admit, "Somehow it doesn’t work well, people are being killed there for this tree, but our offices are being trimmed"
                    The specific task of PMCs is, in fact, participating in illegal business.
              3. iliitchitch
                iliitchitch 9 July 2016 23: 51
                +1
                Quote: Cat Man Null
                - PMC receives a certain offer (protection of ships from pirates, protection of any thread of the oil industry, where is the thread in Iraq, ...)
                - PMCs conclude a contract on the basis of this proposal
                - PMC selects personnel for this contract and fulfills it

                All. What is criminal - personally, I absolutely do not understand


                Ideally yes. And the "kurtosis of the performer", for example? What were the PMCs doing in Iraq? You can write any instructions you want, but in the end, PMCs are bandits hired by gangster states so that the state itself does not get dirty, the consequences are unpredictable. Are we a gangster state? Colonies were robbed? If you count how many have poured into the "friends-homies-allies", then we are ALL oligarchs, only with a bare ass.
                And from the Somali pirates a large-caliber machine gun helps, they say. For example, the chief officer on the "trader" in the cabin should be "accidentally" with the BC in full. They shot out from the pirates, drowned the sunburned - as a senior scoundrel, guilty, punished by transfer to "another sea". And there were no PMCs. Any private security company will provide security of cargo in ports, if necessary, without excessive belligerence.
                1. Calter
                  Calter 1 August 2016 16: 06
                  0
                  Quote: iliitch
                  And from the Somali pirates a large-caliber machine gun helps, they say. For example, the chief officer on the "trader" in the cabin should be "accidentally" with the BC in full. They shot out from the pirates, drowned the sunburned - as a senior scoundrel, guilty, punished by transfer to "another sea". And there were no PMCs.

                  These are not Aboriginals with a loincloth or a straw canoe. They are perfectly armed and prepared, including for combat with naval forces accompanying ships. A group of pirate boats is quite capable of drowning some patrol boat, go another small-tonnage ship. But will you, in fact, unload a cruiser to each bulk carrier in an escort?
                  In Somalia, by the way, support for piracy is carried out at the state level, you can even invest your money in pirates, like a joint-stock company.
    2. serezhasoldatow
      serezhasoldatow 9 July 2016 19: 56
      -1
      This is not ours. Name over the past 2000 years where the Russians were mercenaries. I don’t remember something like that. And who fought for money, so these are scumbags, which are everywhere enough. PMC = mercenaries = money. Russia is not going to attack anyone, but the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation’s Armed Forces will be enough to defend.
    3. Banishing liberoids
      Banishing liberoids 9 July 2016 20: 20
      +1
      Not in the subject, and do not throw bricks - in Syria they still shot down our turntable - all news agencies gave information that we shot down 35 and two of our pilots died.
  6. Alexander S.
    Alexander S. 9 July 2016 18: 24
    +15
    An attempt in abstruse words to describe the advantages of PMCs. But not a single clear plus has been given. If you enter PMC, then why will you need gru ... cso? Or, as stated in the article, PMCs are simply business. But I do not care about the monetary ambitions of the oligarchs. And to protect our citizens ... the state must ensure their safety in various ways. Let him learn to do it ... and not push his responsibilities to others.
    1. Dart2027
      Dart2027 9 July 2016 19: 07
      +1
      Quote: Alexander S.
      If you enter PMC, then why will you need gru ... cso

      Simply PMCs are branches of special services that are used when they cannot act directly.
      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cTgo_SJ6pzw
  7. NordUral
    NordUral 9 July 2016 18: 32
    +6
    Do you propose creating PMCs so that they work for a fee around the world? Our children will find work in their own country to protect the people and the country. Or in the Donbass.
  8. avva2012
    avva2012 9 July 2016 18: 36
    -2
    We do not yet have a base for PMCs, because our moneybags do not have such an impact on state policy as theirs. And they won’t. Till. PMCs, a derivative of TNCs. Do we have similar companies? No. Accordingly, all the talk about the creation of PMCs with us, this is talk about the creation of paintball.
    1. Mordvin 3
      Mordvin 3 9 July 2016 19: 09
      +8
      Quote: avva2012
      We do not yet have a base for PMCs,

      The draft law is already there. negative
      Quote: avva2012
      our moneybags do not have such an impact on state policy as theirs.

      Well, yes, they don’t really, really do ... fellow
      1. avva2012
        avva2012 9 July 2016 19: 36
        +1
        Draft Paintball Act. In the reality.

        Since there are no our companies in TNK, it means that our business does not work at the level of adult children, and, accordingly, PMCs, if there are, then at the level of "eaglet".
        Whether they have an effect or not, I don’t know. I just guess from my level, no more. recourse
    2. Cat man null
      Cat man null 9 July 2016 20: 15
      +1
      Quote: avva2012
      Till. PMCs, a derivative of TNCs

      - is this something?
      - PMCs are an ordinary commercial company providing certain services.
      - and here TNK - I do not understand. truth yes
      1. Very old
        Very old 9 July 2016 20: 52
        0
        Why isn’t she ...

        A person from the level of his couch (not to be confused with the Sultan) only assumes fool
        1. avva2012
          avva2012 10 July 2016 11: 41
          0
          And, true, why is it incomprehensible that ...
          From my sofa you can only speculate. From some sofas, they know for sure, but they are silent. And then, orderlies, injections, then yes. laughing
      2. avva2012
        avva2012 10 July 2016 11: 54
        0
        Cat man null
        I’ll explain my thought, if possible. There are a lot of letters to write. A mobile phone is currently available. hi
      3. avva2012
        avva2012 10 July 2016 15: 41
        0
        Quote: Cat Man Null - is this something?
        - PMCs are an ordinary commercial company providing certain services.
        - and here TNK - I do not understand. truth

        In my opinion, the states of Western civilization have long been no longer states in reality, but a signboard. The real power is possessed by TNCs (the name is more conditional). Started as exactly "national", as they developed, they turned into supranational structures. And PMCs, now, are their armed forces.
        All this did not begin yesterday: “Each of the major powers established their own company, endowed with a monopoly on trade with the East Indies: the British East India Company - established in 1600. The Dutch East India Company - established in 1602. Danish East -Indian Company - founded in 1616.
        Portuguese East India Company - Established in 1628. French East India Company - established in 1664. Austrian East India Company - established in 1717 in the Austrian Netherlands. Swedish East India Company - founded in 1731. "The Rothschilds, Rockefellers, etc., etc. Some of them are heard, some are not. Heavyweights. / Call the orderlies yet , I don’t believe in the World Government /. BUT, be you at least three times the Sultan of Brunei or the King of Thailand with Billy Geyts in addition, for serious people, you are nobody. Our country is also not represented in this club. Therefore, the creation of PMCs in Russia, it is possible, the beginning of the end, if, for example, Prokhorov is allowed in. Russia, as one of the few states that have retained their sovereignty, can solve the issues of protecting the Nicaraguan canal or the Syrian company by other methods.
  9. igorlvov
    igorlvov 9 July 2016 18: 40
    0
    and what's that? http://rsb-group.ru/
    1. Dryuya2
      Dryuya2 9 July 2016 19: 08
      0
      Quote: igorlvov
      and what's that? //rsb-group.ru/

      Posted: 22 Sep 2015
      Oleg Krinitsyn. Head of PMC "RSB-Group". Interview with radio Komersant
  10. ML-334
    ML-334 9 July 2016 18: 45
    0
    PMCs are needed where it is impossible to shine an army. Why there are "boilers" and there is no army, at least they cannot prove it. Now Syria.
    1. Andrey Yuryevich
      Andrey Yuryevich 9 July 2016 19: 27
      +2
      Quote: ML-334
      PMCs are needed where it is impossible to shine an army. Why there are "boilers" and there is no army, at least they cannot prove it. Now Syria.

      when it is impossible to "shine" the army, there are "vacationers" and volunteers working under the wing of the state. and who will manage the PMC? private owner? or a veiled "Grushnik"? if it is a "white arrow" on the external front, one thing, and if a private trader working for money, another.
      1. ML-334
        ML-334 9 July 2016 22: 57
        +1
        I am not against "VACATION" and volunteers, it sucks when conscripts plug holes.
      2. Dart2027
        Dart2027 9 July 2016 23: 10
        +1
        Quote: Andrey Yurievich
        and who will manage the PMC? private owner? or a veiled "Grushnik"?

        A private trader can manage a couple of dozen, well, a hundred. Any any serious office must go under the wing of the special services, otherwise it will simply be crushed. The "particularity" of such enterprises is from the same opera as the "independence" of non-profit organizations.
  11. tasha
    tasha 9 July 2016 18: 51
    +3
    The last paragraph about Rosguardia and PMCs is far-fetched, it seems to me. The author refers to unknown experts, cites a deliberately incorrect postulate and refutes it. A typical manipulation technique ...

    About any PMCs registered in the territory of the Russian Federation and providing their services it is not known to which parties in the territory of other states there can be no talk in principle.
  12. knn54
    knn54 9 July 2016 18: 52
    +1
    - Legal prerequisites for the creation of PMCs in Russia have been created.
    "Mercenaries" in the XXI century are INEVITABLE. Russia needs to use them to protect national interests, weighing as much as possible all risks and abuses.
    Russia has a chance to take its rightful place in the market of private military services abroad, in Iraq and Afghanistan, which have already felt in their own skin the embodiment of the "American dream" - rudeness, rudeness, cruelty.
    After all, it is possible to carry out tasks that are not attacking, but deterrent. That is, to prevent capture, attack ... making fire contact as necessary.
    By the way, private security companies from China operate successfully in Africa.
    1. tasha
      tasha 9 July 2016 18: 58
      +2
      Our country has other ways to make money. And there is no need to protect their national interests, hiding behind some PMCs. We must and will be above this ...
      1. ML-334
        ML-334 9 July 2016 19: 18
        +2
        Give me other ways to make money "specialists". In crime, as in the 90s?
        1. tasha
          tasha 9 July 2016 19: 26
          +1
          I did not quite understand what you wanted to say. Please explain.
        2. weksha50
          weksha50 9 July 2016 21: 26
          +1
          Quote: ML-334
          Give me other ways to make money "specialists". In crime, as in the 90s?


          Why not join the army as contract soldiers?

          Ahhh ... the money is not the same ...

          So make a conclusion about who will go first to these PMCs ...
      2. Cat man null
        Cat man null 9 July 2016 20: 58
        +4
        Quote: tasha
        We must and will be above this ...

        - kindergarten, middle group
        - in politics there are no "good" and "bad"
        - in politics it is "profitable" and "unprofitable". The state yes
        - PMCs are, in particular, an instrument for conducting state foreign policy
        - if other states have such an instrument as PMCs, the Russian Federation is also obliged to have such an instrument. Just for symmetry request
        1. tasha
          tasha 10 July 2016 13: 22
          0
          Not expected. I am surprised. Sorry.
          If necessary, a PMC registered in another state may be a tool for conducting state foreign policy.

          - if other states have such an instrument as PMCs, the Russian Federation is also obliged to have such an instrument. Just for symmetry


          There are many things in the world, for example, bearded women - winners of music competitions. Should we also have symmetry? smile
          1. Cat man null
            Cat man null 10 July 2016 13: 33
            +2
            Quote: tasha
            If necessary, a PMC registered in another state may be an instrument of conducting state foreign policy

            - with his wife in bed "to conduct" policy. Will you call your neighbor? Or are they themselves, "without an ensemble"? wink

            Quote: tasha
            There are a lot of things in the world, for example, bearded women ... Do we also have to get one for symmetry?

            - no, that's just the bearded women we do not need laughing
            - I repeat: PMCs are a tool for solving very specific problems; bearded women cannot solve any problems. A-priory yes
          2. Dart2027
            Dart2027 10 July 2016 14: 32
            0
            Quote: tasha
            may be PMCs registered in another state

            That is, completely and completely dependent on this state. Continue?
  13. Oleg Lavrov
    Oleg Lavrov 9 July 2016 18: 57
    0
    The fact that the photo is not an impassable terrain !! ))) it is simple, wooded! If it would be realistic to show that the GRSpn is being held, trainings on patency of swamps, mountain-wooded, wooded, flat, steppe, etc., not to mention the actions of the MGrSpn, in high altitude conditions .. for NATO, options for training our SPN forces, considered death row education ... from experience! As for PMCs, and personal gain ... here, I bet! In our country, this type of activity still stands on the propaganda of patriotism, and money, although there is a place to be, but only as an appendage and providing risk!
  14. Gardamir
    Gardamir 9 July 2016 19: 03
    +3
    Neither the article nor the comments say anything about the "usefulness" of PMCs. They are needed, to arrange provocations, to rob, to kill. But there is no way to protect.
    1. Cat man null
      Cat man null 9 July 2016 21: 02
      +1
      Quote: Gardamir
      Neither the article nor the comments say anything about the "usefulness" of PMCs. They are needed, to arrange provocations, to rob, to kill. But there is no way to protect.

      - one small "but": PMCs do not work "inside" the country
      - and one more "but": PMCs always work under the control of special services. PMCs simply cannot survive without special services

      Somehow yes
      1. Snake AAA
        Snake AAA 9 July 2016 22: 26
        0
        I’ll correct you a little, PMCs can be used anywhere, even in the Nutri of the country, even beyond its borders, and the fact that special services are behind them is a fact !!! But try to prove :))))) you break your teeth, or you lose your life!
  15. Sarmat149
    Sarmat149 9 July 2016 19: 04
    +12
    No matter how you call a mercenary, you will remain a mercenary.

    As always, nothing is new under the moon. There was Carthage with an army of mercenaries, then PMCs))), and there was Rome with an army of citizens. Carthage was destroyed.

    PMCs are necessary only for business, transnational corporations. Therefore, there are public relations campaigns on this topic, to justify wars, which, as it were, do not exist.

    And about the fact that the army can’t shine - in general bullshit. Today I’m in PMCs, for example, in the DPR. He worked, received the money and quit. Then he went to the Taliban))) Civil, I want to do something. For me, PMCs repeat the principles of the Ost-India Trading Company one-on-one, that's where Ears stick out)))

    Sincerely.
    1. ML-334
      ML-334 9 July 2016 19: 37
      -2
      Where are we from the couch to the Taliban, they are killed by the same specialists. Do not like the mercenary, call the contractor, what's the difference? There and there, the salary and work to protect the homeland. And they exist, like it or not, the link is not I'll give you a link to me, why not.
    2. Cat man null
      Cat man null 9 July 2016 21: 06
      +2
      Quote: Sarmat149
      Today I’m in PMCs, for example, in the DPR. He worked, received the money and quit. Then he went to the Taliban)))

      - nonsense
      - PMC (company) receives a certain contract from the state
      - then PMC hires employees to fulfill this contract
      - "initiative" of employees is ... not welcome
      - You can "go to the Taliban" even now. Past all sorts of PMCs
      - no PMC registered in the Russian Federation will ever conclude a contract with the Taliban
      - simply because she, registered in the Russian Federation, is very densely patronized by special services of the same Russian Federation
      - quarrel with a special service for PMCs .. it’s easier to immediately kill on the wall

      Woot ... yes
  16. black
    black 9 July 2016 19: 09
    0
    I read the comments, smiled. https://m.vk.com/soldiers_of_fortune, if you are bored follow the link. You can listen to the official rap PMC Wagner. )))
  17. German Titov
    German Titov 9 July 2016 19: 19
    +11
    For me, PMCs are not a solution to "world problems." I am somehow closer to the Russian (with a Buryat face) who stopped the column of "rodents" in 2008. Perhaps this philologist knew, apart from his native language, French, English and German, but he managed to express the entire degree of his contempt in 3 words. I also liked the mathematician, who calculated in 2014 the exact place of the landing of the D-30 projectile in one of the pits near Amvrosievka. It was there that the dark-skinned "botanists" in camouflage were growing violets. We were very happy for them (there were scraps of camouflage left to bury, business). Not versed in the history of PMCs, educate. If there is a civil war in the countries, can a mercenary PMC survive?
    1. saygon66
      saygon66 9 July 2016 23: 16
      +2
      - Employees of the Executive Outcomes company? South Africa, successfully worked in Angola and Sierra Leone in the 90s ... They acted so successfully that the frightened "world community" forced the South African government to pass a law (oh! The topic of the article!) On the regulation of military aid (read: on the activities of PMCs) which imposed restrictions on the company's activities, which actually made it senseless.
  18. dr.star75
    dr.star75 9 July 2016 19: 20
    +4
    "The current international law does not yet contain norms on the principles and conditions of such activities, which, by and large, jeopardizes the sovereignty and independence of the states on whose territories PMCs operate." - What the fuck is an international agreement. If the state is strong, then PMCs are gangs of formations that are subject to destruction. If the type of Ukraine, then there is a complete PMC.
    1. saygon66
      saygon66 9 July 2016 23: 29
      +2
      - A strong state should not be afraid of PMCs ... Anyway, a person is afraid of his hammer, say ... Suddenly, he’ll take it, but he’ll give it on his forehead! Myself!
  19. Mentor
    Mentor 9 July 2016 19: 47
    +8
    Personally, it seems to me that when the state gives its inalienable right - an instrument of violence, in the form of armed forces and law enforcement agencies, into the hands of a private person, then it is already on the verge of death. The interests of the state may not coincide with the interests of a private individual, and therefore, armed PMCs can be used against the state. And given the broadest interests of our oligarchs, who are trying to call for order, the creation (or legalization) of PMCs in Russia is treason.
    1. avva2012
      avva2012 9 July 2016 19: 54
      +4
      Unlike us, they have the presence of PMCs, this is an indicator of who actually controls the state (s).
      For us, yes, state. treason. Even at the level of introducing such a law into discussion.
      Because such an army will be involved only for internal use.
  20. ALEA IACTA EST
    ALEA IACTA EST 9 July 2016 20: 04
    0
    Should one expect stamina and courage from a person serving a golden calf?
  21. Sarmat149
    Sarmat149 9 July 2016 20: 07
    +6
    Quote: ML-334
    Where are we from the couch to the Taliban, they are killed by the same specialists. Do not like the mercenary, call the contractor, what's the difference? There and there, the salary and work to protect the homeland. And they exist, like it or not, the link is not I'll give you a link to me, why not.


    You are substituting the concepts of an unrespected opponent at the moment. Further, in order to get a better idea of ​​the "colonel": the transition to a contract did not abolish such an institution as the oath of allegiance to the Motherland, that is, the oath of allegiance. A very significant element. A contract serviceman, and not a contract soldier, can only become after an oath. Taking the military oath first, signing the contract later. The fact that not all contract servicemen have the appropriate moral and business qualities is a separate conversation. They just correspond to the psychology of a mercenary. On this, work is underway. The fact that a PMC exists despite the fact that someone likes it or not is an objective reality, you press the keys too, and that.))) But the mercenary will never defend the Motherland if you are of the opposite opinion - flag in hand, well, then you yourself know.)))
    1. ML-334
      ML-334 9 July 2016 22: 50
      -2
      But you can take the oath of allegiance to the Motherland or take something. Guys are currently earning money, feeding families is their job and they all swore allegiance. I will say more, thanks to them they won’t kill the conscript.
  22. fzr1000
    fzr1000 9 July 2016 20: 27
    +3
    Mi 35 shot down in Syria. The crew died. Filth.
  23. avg-mgn
    avg-mgn 9 July 2016 20: 46
    +5
    Quote: ALABAY45
    PMC workers

    Let’s call the essence of it by its proper name, a mercenary, he is a mercenary everywhere, he went (no matter where and with what idea) for grandmother and he dies, Volunteer - goes knowing for whom or for what, but not for loot !!!!!
    1. saygon66
      saygon66 9 July 2016 23: 23
      +2
      - Clarify the terminology?
      - "Volunteer" - a fiery passionary who is ready to die himself and lay others down for ideas (money is rubbish) that seem to him extremely bright?
  24. weksha50
    weksha50 9 July 2016 21: 05
    +3
    "Often these companies are compared with mercenaries. However, in international law, a clear definition of mercenaries. Thus, article 47 (2) of Additional Protocol I to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949 defines a mercenary as any person who:

    (a) Specially recruited locally or abroad in order to fight in armed conflict;

    b) actually takes direct part in hostilities;

    c) takes part in hostilities, guided mainly by the desire to receive personal gain, and which is actually promised by the party or on behalf of the party to the conflict, a material remuneration substantially higher than the reward promised or paid to combatants of the same rank and functions included in personnel of the armed forces of this side;

    d) is neither a citizen of a party to the conflict, nor a resident of the territory controlled by the party to the conflict;

    e) does not belong to the armed forces of the party to the conflict;

    (f) Not sent by a state that is not a party to the conflict to perform official duties as a member of its armed forces.

    None of these signs has any relation to the activities of PMCs."...

    I absolutely disagree with such verbiage ...

    If PMCs are meant as a legal entity (which it is, if registered), then it fully fits the definition of a mercenary ...

    Well, further - why are these PMCs needed not as mercenaries ??? People in them do not go to paintball to play, but to earn "bread" to put it mildly - in an extraordinary way ...
  25. Gardamir
    Gardamir 9 July 2016 21: 17
    0
    But not PMCs
    https://russian.rt.com/article/311546-minoborony-rf-dvoe-rossiiskih-lyotchikov-p
    ogibli-v
  26. sgapich
    sgapich 9 July 2016 21: 31
    +1
    And what, "blackwater" and what has slipped out of it - now white and fluffy ?!
  27. japs
    japs 9 July 2016 22: 09
    +4
    Bearing in mind that capitalism is now in the Russian Federation, I do not exclude anything.
    Everything mixed up in the house of Oblonsky ... (c)
  28. The comment was deleted.
  29. valerei
    valerei 9 July 2016 22: 25
    0
    A mercenary - he is a mercenary. He is paid money - he kills people and it doesn't matter if they are in military uniform or in a loincloth. Art. 47 - verbiage, which legalized mercenary. As the saying goes: "He who pays for the banquet dances the girl." It was said above that a contract soldier, for example in Russia, is also a mercenary, but with the current development of military technology, the growing illiteracy of conscripts and service in one year!
  30. nikolaev
    nikolaev 9 July 2016 22: 50
    +2
    whatever sorts of tricks they say ... analgesics, but PMCs are armies of oligarchs
  31. Million
    Million 9 July 2016 23: 13
    +4
    I think ISIS is a private US military company
    1. Cat man null
      Cat man null 9 July 2016 23: 19
      -3
      Quote: Million
      I think ISIS is a private US military company

      - Is it a banter, or do you really think so? belay
      1. Million
        Million 10 July 2016 08: 09
        +1
        life never ceases to amaze
        1. Cat man null
          Cat man null 10 July 2016 10: 59
          -2
          Quote: Million
          life never ceases to amaze

          - sincerely happy for you

          Quote: Million
          I think ISIS is a private US military company

          - but this is utter nonsense. ISIS is by no means a PMC, although, yes, the "Made in USA" label is clearly visible there yes
          1. Million
            Million 10 July 2016 13: 09
            +3
            it's not about status, but about ownership
  32. Texnolog
    Texnolog 9 July 2016 23: 17
    +1
    East is a delicate matter, a dagger is good for someone who has it and bad for someone who doesn't have it ...
  33. Großer feldherr
    Großer feldherr 9 July 2016 23: 49
    0
    Come on, how many hypocritical moral phages have gathered here with arguments about military honor and valor.
    There is no place for humanity in the war, the main result with the least losses, and PMCs have many times proven their ability to succeed in the interests of our state, to kill and die for the good of our country.
    And the article, in my opinion, although it deserves a plus, is still somewhat incomplete. There is no classification of PMCs, the specifics of their work, and at least unofficial examples of their "use", which are full.
  34. Zomanus
    Zomanus 10 July 2016 01: 05
    0
    Well, why not? The fact that the PMC is officially "untied" from the state,
    In some cases, it allows for quite delicate operations.
    And then, untying the Ministry of Defense gives more freedom in actions,
    great secrecy. So I support that.
  35. viktor.
    viktor. 10 July 2016 03: 11
    0
    Quote: ALABAY45
    And, in conditions at -46, when the urine falling on the snow "rustles" and the "Tiger" carbine grease works slowly, like Estonia, and you have to warm your hands in the carcass of a slain elk, will the PMC workers work ?! Oh, I don't think so ... Although, there are also "super guys" ...

    YES and when at -40 a breeze, make ice cream to eat. laughing
  36. yuriy55
    yuriy55 10 July 2016 03: 12
    +6
    They often ask a question: PMCs are a private business. What benefit can the state have from them?


    Really, which one?
    It will very simply be possible to dissociate itself from any participation of armed people in international conflicts, removing responsibility for failures from the state yes
    It is safe (keeping in mind the violations in the financing system of the Ministry of Defense) to talk about future cuts of budget funds, attributing these costs to "KhZkuda" yes
    In the event of the death of PMC employees, it is possible not to start a party with the organization of a funeral, payments to the relatives of the deceased and "who is this in general?" yes

    If the state is going to act on a thieves' habit, then - good PMCs are a lifeline. And, if he still wants to pursue an open and honest policy, to take responsibility for the actions of the armed formations formed in the controlled territory and receiving weapons from the Oboronprom reserve, it is enough to create special forces like "Alpha" from the times of the USSR ...
    soldier
  37. Usher
    Usher 10 July 2016 05: 47
    +1
    For me, the author of the article wants everyone to brainwash that they say black is white and vice versa, the FFM is mercenaries and that’s the point, it’s a no brainer, and leave all legal insinuations to grandmothers.
  38. dchegrinec
    dchegrinec 10 July 2016 06: 05
    +1
    just like in the joke about "nuance"! wassat
  39. demiurg
    demiurg 10 July 2016 07: 12
    +3
    Actually, mercenaries are needed where there are interests of large campaigns, and the state does not want to get dirty there. This is usually punitive operations against the local population. As it has been written here since the time of the East India Campaign, nothing has changed. In London they drink tea while eating cinnamon rolls and do not care how it turned out. Change the tea for oil, put Blackwater, all the same. People don’t care how much blood is shed in order to make gasoline a little cheaper.
  40. serge siberian
    serge siberian 10 July 2016 16: 17
    0
    We still do not understand such troubles. PMCs prudently, but recklessly, without a twinge of conscience, we turn to the history of Europe. In the Middle Ages officially sold INDULGENCIES - atonement for sins. That's YOU morality. Money does not smell - Russians have been tormenting these foundations for the last 20 years.