Military Review

Addition in the "Beech" grove

45
Addition in the "Beech" grove

BUK-2М became the basis for the new Buk-3М.


The new Buk-М3 air defense system will be a reliable “shield” against the strikes of modern air attack weapons, including Tomahawk high-precision cruise missiles

The eternal problem of the sword and shield in our time is expressed, including in the confrontation between the means of aerospace attack (SVKN) and air defense (AD). This is also seen in the practical implementation of one of the basic philosophical laws - the unity and struggle of opposites. Whatever they say today about new species weaponsand the modern “sword” and “shield” will for a long time be the most important means of warfare.

The message about the successful testing of the Buk-М3 anti-aircraft missile system (SAM) will not leave indifferent both our Western "friends" and those who wish to use it to reflect their possible attacks. And there is something to pay attention to.

As the general director of Concern VKO "Almaz-Antey" Yan Novikov noted, on the tests of the Buk-М3 air defense system in a difficult air situation I hit a target - an imitator of a ballistic target. Earlier, the unique rocket of the complex, which is almost twice as large as the previous versions and has no world analogues in its class, was reported by the head of the military air defense, Lieutenant General Alexander Leonov. According to Novikov and the words of the head of the Ministry of Defense Sergei Shoigu, the new air defense system should be commissioned by the Russian army this year.

What is the Buk-M3 air defense system?

History create

"Buk-M3" is the latest modification in the family of the now widely known in the world Soviet air defense system "Buk", the analogue for which was the short-range air defense system "Cub". The latter at one time was in service with many foreign armies as "Square", and in the USSR it was the main means of air defense tank divisions. Both complexes were created by the cooperation of domestic enterprises, headed by the N.I. V.V. Tikhomirov.

The new Kuba air defense system differed from the increased range (3,5 – 30 versus 6 – 22 km) and height (0,025 – 30 versus 0,1 – 12 km) by the affected area (800 – 600 vs. 0,8) and a number of other characteristics.

The “Buk” air defense system from 1978 was in service with the anti-aircraft missile brigades of the combined-arms (tank) armies of the Ground Forces. In the course of subsequent upgrades, its modifications Buk-M, Buk-М1, Buk-МХNUMX-1, Buk-М2 and their export versions were created. After the defeat of the Russian long-range bomber Tu-2М2 and the Malaysian airliner in the sky over the Donbas, the Buk-М22 system was particularly famous.

Later, the Buk-M9 317K2 air defense system was created, and its capabilities increased dramatically. An anti-aircraft guided missile (ZUR) 9М317 ensured the defeat of air targets in the zone up to 50 km and 27 km in range and altitude, respectively. The speed of the targets hit was increased to 1100 m / s, the possibility of simultaneous bombardment of 24 air targets, including cruise missiles at a range 17 – 18 km with a height of their flight 20 m, was provided. The probability of hitting targets reached 0,95. In 1988, the complex was put into service, but due to the collapse of the USSR, it was only in 2008 that he entered the army.

The new Buk-М3 air defense system became a deep modernization of the previous Buk-М2, its creation began in 2007 year.

Appointment and opportunities of "Buk-M3"

Buk-М3 SAM (9К317М3, according to the US / NATO classification SA-17 / Grizzly) is a highly mobile, medium-range multi-function fire weapon. The complex is designed to destroy all types of maneuvering manned and unmanned, including drones, cruise and ballistic missiles, aircraft (LA), as well as radio-contrast ground and surface targets under conditions of intense fire and electronic countermeasures of the enemy.

According to open data, the complex is capable of firing these types of air targets at ranges and altitudes of 2,5 – 70 km and 0,015 – 35 km, respectively. The flight speed of targets can reach 3000 m / s. By this and some other indicators, the Buk-М3 air defense missile system is comparable with the well-known long-range C-300PMU-2 air defense system. This ensures the defeat of the only US-guided operational-tactical missile MGM-140 ATACMS, the speed of which does not exceed 1500 m / s.

A high probability of destruction (0,99) of aerodynamic aircraft is ensured by the upgraded 3М317М missile defense system, the speed of which reaches 1550 m / s. The Buk-М3 complex is in service with an anti-aircraft missile battalion that is capable of firing 72 airborne targets at the same time with an 36 missile ammunition. The main elements of the new air defense system are: a command post, a target detection radar, six self-propelled firing (SOU) and three launch (SPU) installations, missiles.

The main features

Despite the preservation of the general architecture of construction and the principle of operation, a number of characteristic features allow us to consider the Buk-М3 air defense system as a new complex. With a constant total number of main combat elements on a track or wheelbase, the combat capabilities of the new air defense system changed dramatically. Here are some of them.

“Buk-М3” is created on a modern digital element base. Reducing the mass and overall performance of the missile made it possible to place it in the transport-launch container, which protected the missile defense system from external influences and increased their number from 4 (8) to 6 (12) on self-propelled fire installations. As a result, the total transportable stock of missiles ready for battle doubled (from 36 to 72), which is of particular importance in a short-lived anti-aircraft battle and in the reflection of massive air strikes.

According to the press service of Concern VKO "Almaz-Antey", during the tests, the new rocket "almost twice" surpasses the previous versions in terms of technical characteristics and has no world analogues among the anti-aircraft missiles in its class. She hit all types of targets that imitated airplanes and helicopters, tactical ballistic and strategic cruise, including anti-ship with a height of flight within 5 m, missiles.

The new missile is equipped with a combined guidance system with an active radar homing head (GOS). In conjunction with thermal imaging means, it ensures that at any time of the day and in any weather, the capture and further tracking of the target in automatic mode. In other words, the principle of “shot and forget” is implemented. This also provides high-precision guidance of missiles to high-speed, highly maneuverable targets and high overall survivability of the complex in the conditions of active electronic and fire resistance of the enemy.

Powerful high-explosive fragmentation warhead (warhead) provides a reliable defeat of these types of air, ground and surface targets. The damaging elements of the warhead in the form of sharpened rods and the original system of its detonation do not leave the target a chance to escape "alive" from this rocket. On tests, striking elements were punched even by structures made of titanium alloys.

The launch of the missile, which was reported in 2015, significantly reduces the reaction time of the complex from the moment the target was detected to the launch of the missile. Gas-dynamic rudders, control system, high own flight speeds and maneuverability, as well as resistance to overloads suggest the possibility of direct kinetic destruction of a target (hit-to-kill principle). The reason for this are the reports of almost 100-percentage (at least 0,9999) probability of hitting targets.

Increasing the ability to simultaneously fire on the targets of each SDA in 1,5 times increased the performance of the entire complex. In a difficult financial and economic environment, the unification of the rocket, which can be used by the shipboard Uragan air defense missile system (export version “Calm”), is of no small importance.

Conclusions and wishes

Known and unknown for obvious reasons, the capabilities of the air defense missile system allow us to draw the following rather unpleasant conclusions for our “sworn friends”.

The Buk-М3 troop-type air defense system together with long and short-range complexes (C-300 and Tor-М2), as well as direct cover (Tunguska air defense missile system, Igla air defense missile system, etc.) provide a reliable all-height protective umbrella »Groups of troops and objects from air strikes. Of particular importance is the fact that the Buk-М3 can be used as an essential element of the missile defense of the middle line within the framework of the general echelon air defense / missile defense system of Russia.

The creation of such a complex, especially in the current very turbulent and unfavorable military-political situation for Russia, is the undoubted success of the national defense industry. In modern conditions, the means of aerospace attack and combat against them have become decisive in the armed struggle, therefore it is necessary to equip our army with such means in the required quantity as soon as possible.

The development of weapons and military equipment of air defense of a new generation, including on the basis of hypersonic technology, is one of the main directions of development of military air defense of the Russian Armed Forces for the period up to 2020 of the year.
Author:
Originator:
http://rusplt.ru/sdelano-russkimi/novyiy-zrk-bukm3-26977.html
45 comments
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  1. Seryikit
    Seryikit 9 July 2016 06: 03
    +7
    I am very glad that our military-industrial complex continues to develop and improve successfully in spite of our "friends".
    1. Mitek
      Mitek 9 July 2016 07: 37
      +13
      Here is the new Beech. And below the photo, I will not repeat. This is TZM. Buka’s current is starting-loading.
      1. Zaurbek
        Zaurbek 9 July 2016 10: 16
        +2
        Is it a competitor with the C-350 hero?
        1. venik
          venik 9 July 2016 11: 07
          +6
          Quote: Zaurbek
          Is it a competitor with the C-350 hero?


          No! Not a competitor:
          1) "Buk M3" is a medium-range military complex (up to 70 km). Accordingly, the vehicle is armored and on a tracked chassis (increased cross-country ability!). It is poorly adapted for PERMANENT combat duty, due to insufficiently good habitability.
          2) The S-350 "Vityaz" is a classic system of OBJECT air defense (formerly it was called the country's air defense) - a system capable of carrying PERMANENT duty, with improved living conditions (the complex is controlled from the KShM, with a fairly spacious and comfortable kung). And the range of the complex is almost twice as high as that of the Buk-M3).
          1. Simple
            Simple 9 July 2016 12: 16
            +1
            Quote: venik
            And the range of the complex is almost twice as high as that of the Buk-M3).

            no
            9М317МЭ Weight (rockets), kg 581
            the most powerful from "Vityaz" 9М96Е2 = 420 kg

            but 9М96Е2 intercepts targets with greater congestion (which is on the ground, which is at 30 km)

            Well, the MFRS 50Н6A is certainly cooler and 9С18М1-3 and on-load tap-changer 9С36.
            1. Su24
              Su24 10 July 2016 00: 57
              +2
              Quote: Just
              Quote: venik
              And the range of the complex is almost twice as high as that of the Buk-M3).

              no
              9М317МЭ Weight (rockets), kg 581
              the most powerful from "Vityaz" 9М96Е2 = 420 kg

              but 9М96Е2 intercepts targets with greater congestion (which is on the ground, which is at 30 km)

              Well, the MFRS 50Н6A is certainly cooler and 9С18М1-3 and on-load tap-changer 9С36.


              And what does the mass of the rocket have to do with it? The range of 9M96D is up to 120 km against 70 for 9M317M.
          2. Alex777
            Alex777 26 September 2016 22: 45
            0
            The range of the S-350 is slightly larger, but there are nuances:
            1) how much is this excess practically significant (at a maximum launch speed of 9M96D rocket at 1000 m / s at that range, the speed of missiles is already significantly reduced, as well as the ability to maneuver)?
            2) the speed of the targets hit is 3 times less (only 1000m / s),
            3) the cost of long-range missiles Vityaz is several times higher than the missiles BUK-M3.
            Given all the BUK-M3 - a very competitor to the S-350.
        2. venik
          venik 9 July 2016 11: 11
          0
          Quote: Zaurbek
          Is it a competitor with the C-350 hero?


          No! Not a competitor:
          1) "Buk M3" is a medium-range military complex (up to 70 km). Accordingly, the vehicle is armored and on a tracked chassis (increased cross-country ability!). It is poorly adapted for PERMANENT combat duty, due to insufficiently good habitability.
          2) The S-350 "Vityaz" is a classic system of OBJECT air defense (formerly it was called the country's air defense) - a system capable of carrying PERMANENT duty, with improved living conditions (the complex is controlled from the KShM, with a fairly spacious and comfortable kung). And the range of the complex is almost twice as high as that of the Buk-M3).
        3. Bongo
          Bongo 9 July 2016 11: 11
          +3
          Quote: Zaurbek
          Is it a competitor with the C-350 hero?

          Of course not! No. SAMs are different, C-350 is mainly intended to replace the decommissioned C-300PS. Since it is too expensive to change the aging and extremely worn C-400 anti-aircraft systems in the 1: 1 ratio. Buk-M3 is designed for military air defense and is not suitable for carrying an everyday database.
      2. just exp
        just exp 9 July 2016 11: 19
        +1
        The emnip is still a transport launcher, but the loader cannot shoot.
        1. Simple
          Simple 9 July 2016 12: 26
          +1
          Quote: just explo
          emnip still transport launcher but the loader cannot shoot.

          emnip is still transportlauncher installation (TPU) 9A316M.
          PM maybe.

          Whom does it (TPU) "charge" at Kapustin Yar near Astrakhan in a field with such an elevation angle?


          How the 9M317M and TPK (MS-487) were implemented, you can shoot from the "shoulder" (if you stand and give the elevation angles and azimuth to the target)
          1. just exp
            just exp 9 July 2016 14: 01
            0
            But did I write that this is a CHARGING machine?
            1. Simple
              Simple 9 July 2016 17: 57
              0
              Quote: just explo
              did I write

              no.
              I read it wrong hi
              ================
              The design idea of ​​TPU 9A316M without the possibility of loading is not very clear!
              Another unit needed TZM 9Т243М

              or crane.

              there was the 9A39 launcher of the Buk complex
      3. Simple
        Simple 9 July 2016 11: 57
        0
        Quote: Mitek
        Here is the new Beech


        Quote: Author
        BEECH-2M became the basis for the new Buk-3M.

        the author has cockroaches in his head
        actually Buk-M2 and M3
        in the photo in the article Buk-M1-2
        M2 (E) "he is like that"

        or on the wheel

        A SAM 9K317M AS W such


        Quote: Zaurbek
        Is it a competitor with the C-350 hero?

        50Р6 / 50Р6А- MIDDLE, but object

        9K317M-SD, but the operational (army) air defense unit of the ground forces.

        in general, 50R6 / 50R6A appeared "thanks" to South Korea and the KM-SAM Chun Koong air defense system

        and so would m. and there wouldn’t be
        1. Tektor
          Tektor 9 July 2016 12: 18
          0
          S-350 is a good addition to the Buku-M3. S-350 - rational use for subsonic aerodynamic targets, i.e. - for the Kyrgyz Republic - including. Buk needs more complex targets, such as warheads and OTRK missiles, including hypersonic up to 3 km / s, although he will also work nicely for lighter ones.
          1. Simple
            Simple 9 July 2016 13: 48
            +3
            Quote: Tektor
            rational use for subsonic aerodynamic targets, i.e. - in the Kyrgyz Republic - including. Buk needs more complex targets like warheads and OTRK missiles

            with accuracy to the contrary
            The Buk-M2 air defense system almost reached hypersonic interception speeds and almost reached the S-300PS
            The Buk-M1-2 and C-300PS air defense systems reach the level of C-300MPU-2 in terms of speed of the targets hit

            although they "write"
            1. At 9М317М the speed of the target is up to 4000km / h
            9M317M missiles can hit targets at a distance of 70 km, altitude is about 40000 m and at speeds up to 3000 m / s, the speed of the rocket itself is close to the performance of the C-300ПМУ-2 “Favorite” and is 1550 m / s
            Buk-M3 "undoubtedly" smarter "SAM S-300PS
            2. At 9М96Е2 the target speed is up to 3600-4800 km / h


            However, 9М96Е2 with gas-dynamic control on the trajectory.
            and super-maneuverability mode with access to overload of 20 units in 0,025 seconds and high accuracy of aiming at the target.

            Accordingly, their maximum overloads are completely different


            optimized to combat precision weapons, cruise missiles and ballistic targets, including inconspicuous
            Well, the capabilities of the XFNLS 506 against 9X18X1-3 and the RPN 9X36 are not comparable

            The 9С36 low-altitude multi-function radar is of course capable of detecting and "capturing" an air target of the AGM-158A "JASSM" type (flight altitude 20 m, EPR within 0,1 m2) at a distance of 17 - 18 km.
            1. Alex777
              Alex777 27 September 2016 20: 34
              0
              1. At 9М317М the speed of the target is up to 4000km / h

              Target speed 3000 m / s or 10800 km / h
    2. Pavel1
      Pavel1 9 July 2016 18: 05
      0
      a lot of words have already appeared, but here are images of bookm3, as it’s not very ...
  2. aszzz888
    aszzz888 9 July 2016 06: 40
    +1
    Beech is a very noble tree. But when exhibited in an "iron robe", it is also a formidable weapon.
    We are happy, enemies spite.
  3. Beaver
    Beaver 9 July 2016 07: 02
    +2
    Formidable weapon, but in skillful hands - "shake with fear, Pentagon!" laughing
    Great news in the morning, a good start to the day. soldier
  4. evil partisan
    evil partisan 9 July 2016 07: 03
    +4
    On Buk M-3 missiles in the TPK are located. So the picture is not M-3.
    1. Cat man null
      Cat man null 9 July 2016 07: 09
      +9
      Quote: wicked partisan
      On Buk M-3 missiles in the TPK are located. So the picture is not M-3.

      - and the journalists don’t care ...
      - is it?
      1. evil partisan
        evil partisan 9 July 2016 08: 06
        0
        Quote: Cat Man Null
        - is it?

        Ага.
        Hello kitty! drinks Even Gridasov disappeared ... sad
        1. Cat man null
          Cat man null 9 July 2016 08: 34
          +3
          Quote: Angry Guerrilla
          Hello kitty!

          - mutually hi

          Quote: Angry Guerrilla
          Even Gridasov disappeared ...

          - No, we communed yesterday ...

          Quote: Cat Man Null
          Quote: gridasov

          ... in the number and properties of their interactions there should not be any descriptions of their functions, and each number is a derivative of the properties of other nat numbers. series in such a way that it is not necessary to express a number with a symbol ...

          - the number itself is an abstraction
          - because in nature there is no "just 2", it is always "two something" (crocodile, hippopotamus, green parrots, etc ..)
          - numbers cannot interact. Entities characterized by, inter alia, numbers can interact
          - the number has no "functions"
          - show me how the number "pi" (which is 3.1415 ...) is "the derivative of the properties of other numbers in the natural series"

          Gridasov, are you tired of this nonsense yet?

          Quote: gridasov
          Sorry, but you are not the person with whom I would like to be frank. And this is not my merit

          So ... I was sent, practically. And I tried so hard, I composed questions crying
          1. evil partisan
            evil partisan 9 July 2016 09: 29
            +3
            Quote: gridasov


            ... in the number and properties of their interactions should not be any descriptions of their functions
            Strongly ... what
            He stated here that he had calculated (yes, exactly) the new principle of operation of the turbine. And he presented his calculations to people ... wassat
            1. Cat man null
              Cat man null 9 July 2016 09: 44
              +3
              Quote: wicked partisan
              Quote: gridasov

              ... in the number and properties of their interactions should not be any descriptions of their functions
              Strongly ... what
              He stated here that he had calculated (yes, exactly) the new principle of operation of the turbine. And he presented his calculations to people ... wassat

              - I have seen yes

              In, also:

              Quote: Cat Man Null
              Quote: Falcon5555

              But Grigory Evgenievich writes that he "got his way", that is, figured it out. So I wonder what he understood. There, in my opinion, you can randomly rearrange all the words, and it will turn out no worse than it was

              - a hypothesis has already been put forward that the so-called Gridasov is a hybrid (more precisely, a symbiosis) of bot and troll
              - bot generates various pseudoscientific nonsense
              - the troll enters when it is necessary to give this nonsense the appearance of something minimally meaningful

              Quote: Ryabtsev Grigory Evgenievich
              Not quite accurately put it. I barely read to the end, trying not to go crazy. I can’t imagine some formulations at all.
              ...
              This is not a gymnastics of the mind, this is weightlifting with elements of sadomasochism!

              - in short, we have fun (s) laughing
  5. Sura
    Sura 9 July 2016 07: 08
    +11
    Lures some Falcons.
    I served in 77-79 in training (taught ml. Specialists Cube) in the division of the educational process in Kungur. The missile for Buka and Cuba was then the same and not 6-22, but 4-25 and the launch stage fell away after 4 km of acceleration and the missile got the opportunity to chase the illuminated target. 25km radius of destruction. In 78g, one of the first installations of the Cube came to our school, a 7 battery was created in which junior specialists were just being trained. We were told that there were three such installations so far, and then one specialist was sent to teach Art. Lieutenant Abeev spoke very well and readily. So that they could not then be in service with tank armies in 78, Buk then, only began to enter service and specialists, they only began to train.
    1. Alex777
      Alex777 26 September 2016 22: 52
      0
      "All-round rocket launch, which was reported in 2015 ..."
      IMHO where to get this launch without a vertical launch rockets?
      But there was no vertical start at BUK and no. This is not Calm never. hi
  6. soul
    soul 9 July 2016 09: 11
    +2
    The author needs to be more attentive - there is a lot of confusion.
  7. APASUS
    APASUS 9 July 2016 12: 09
    +2
    An idea came up and it was really problematic to reload the Buk more than once in a combat situation, why not use the TZM as a starting device? There is only one sighting system, but there are two launching sites, which can be spread on the ground.
    1. Baikal
      Baikal 9 July 2016 15: 18
      +1
      I thought the same thing. But since in addition to you there are still smart people laughing , then it’s not so simple there)
      And so yes, it would be cool - some tractor with a trailer is lurking behind a beech, on which 20 is tpk and everything is smooth)
  8. Alexander War
    Alexander War 9 July 2016 16: 35
    +1
    It’s very good that they improved the performance characteristics of the Buk M3, plus they increased the number of missiles from 4 to 6 and plus that they have longer missile life in containers
  9. ALLxANDr
    ALLxANDr 9 July 2016 23: 44
    0
    The M3 beech is certainly cool, but I still did not understand how it would be recharged in combat conditions. This is about 72 missiles? Here he fired from 6 to 12 missiles from containers ... well, for example, on drones, which it would be expedient to launch forward for reconnaissance, and then military planes went ... or for example missiles on calculated trajectories fired (after all, it’s not for nothing that the drones let go ahead), and there is no Buk .. or Buk M3 is very quickly recharged?
    1. alexmach
      alexmach 10 July 2016 14: 54
      +1
      Yes, not every drone makes sense to use a beech.
  10. alexmach
    alexmach 10 July 2016 14: 54
    0
    I don’t understand why Buk’s vertical start and all-round perspective? Unless for the marine version, yes maybe for TPM. And as far as I understand the ground-based launcher, the radar is far from universal.
    1. Parsec
      Parsec 10 July 2016 15: 01
      0
      A vertical launch eliminates the need to have powerful high-precision drives, to lose time on their turn to the side of the target, to place the rockets quite freely on the carrier.
      1. alexmach
        alexmach 10 July 2016 15: 30
        0
        eliminates the need to have powerful high-precision drives, to lose time on their turn towards the target


        Right? Was this platform with a radar and 6 TPK perpendicular to the axis of the machine not power-driven drives deployed? As for precision ... It seemed to me that the rocket should go off the guides towards the target and then, in flight, adjusts its course.

        Of course, for ship installations, thinking about induction drives makes sense.
        1. The comment was deleted.
          1. alexmach
            alexmach 10 July 2016 16: 36
            -1
            tfu you, one more boor. Why is there so much of your brother here?

            You are in the subject of neither the ear nor the snout

            That is why I ask questions. If you have something to say as a matter of fact, you are welcome, if not, pass by. Your dissatisfaction with my comments is not interesting to me.

            then why are your guesses here, and even worse, doubts?
            Mental masturbation?
            Well, also an option, but why on such a visited resource?

            Get used to it. This is an open forum, on the open Internet, which is open and works and collects the same audience. You just have to learn how to live with it.
            1. Parsec
              Parsec 10 July 2016 17: 03
              -1
              You were answered in the case.
              The first question from you is "Exactly?" - this is rudeness.
              "I thought ..." "thinking makes sense ..."

              This is a reflection for you, but for business people this is a proven design solution.

              Teach network etiquette to children, if you have them, open you are mine.
              1. alexmach
                alexmach 10 July 2016 17: 36
                0
                The first question from you is "Exactly?" - this is rudeness.

                Excuse me, but first of all, I do not see rudeness here. What is rudeness in that I asked a clarifying question? Or that he doubted what you said? There is no rudeness. You had nothing to be offended at. Yes, it could be dressed up in other words, only .. <there will be a story about netiquette and norms of formal and informal communication>. So calm your nerves. There was no rudeness in my message.

                Secondly, agree it would be foolish to accept reproaches in rudeness from the boor. You re-read your messages. How does it occur to you to make comments in neighboring posts, advise me on what to teach children and talk about moral anonism? Either follow some rules of communication yourself, or close your mouth.

                This is a reflection for you, but for business people this is a proven design solution.

                Well, actually I asked to explain the benefits of this solution. Clearly on the topic of the article. You took up something to discuss me, my knowledge of the issue and my communication style. This is really the content you need.
                on such a visited resource

                ? Does this really need to be done?
          2. Simpsonian
            Simpsonian 10 July 2016 22: 16
            +1
            The resources visited are different.
  11. Barakuda
    Barakuda 27 September 2016 22: 27
    0
    They forgot to add that the land-based Buk can also shoot at ships. So it is written in the documentation, (secret) and the officers - the teachers confirmed, even in the earliest versions. We had no opportunity to check.
  12. egsp
    egsp 5 October 2016 22: 41
    0
    "The Buk-M2 air defense missile system received particular fame after the defeat in Georgia of the Russian long-range bomber Tu-22M3 and a Malaysian airliner in the skies over the Donbas."
    Is the author an alien?
  13. egsp
    egsp 5 October 2016 22: 44
    0
    The article is a heap of numbers, confusion. In my opinion, the author is not very well versed in the air defense artillery system.
  14. asavchenko59
    asavchenko59 27 October 2016 17: 06
    0
    Urgent to Syria!
  15. Protos
    Protos 13 November 2016 19: 58
    0
    "The Buk-M2 air defense missile system received particular fame after the defeat in Georgia of the Russian long-range bomber Tu-22M3 and a Malaysian airliner in the skies over the Donbas."
    The author of the article is an underwater reptile
    Ukraine - 72 Buk-M1 air defense systems, as of 2016.
    What kind of SAM "Buk-M2" and Malaysian Boeing ???? !!! NOT PROVEN.