Military Review

China has completed the localization of the production of armored vehicles "Tiger"

45
China hosted the China Military and Civilian Integration Expo 2016 exhibition, dedicated to new developments of military and civilian use. During this event, a large number of Chinese enterprises have demonstrated their latest achievements in the form of promotional materials and real samples. One of the most interesting exhibits of the exhibition were three armored vehicles of the YJ2080 type, built by Chinese industry.


The project YJ2080 is of great interest for Russian specialists and the public, because it has a curious origin. Armored cars of this type are a licensed version of the Russian machine SPM-2 / GAZ-2330-36 "Tiger", assembled by the Chinese industry in accordance with the agreement signed several years ago. During a recent exhibition, the manufacturer showed the first samples of armored vehicles assembled after the completion of full localization of production. Unlike its predecessors of the same type, exhibition armored cars are completely made in China without the delivery of finished components from Russia.



Operation of Russian-made armored vehicles by Chinese security forces began in the middle of 2008. Having studied the various proposals, the Chinese experts decided to purchase a certain amount of Russian technology. In July, 2008-th Chinese Automobile Plant Beijing Yanjing Motor Co. signed a contract with Rosoboronexport, in accordance with which the Russian side had to supply the customer with five ready-made Tiger armored cars and the same number of sets for assembly in China. Soon, the ordered products were handed over to the Chinese side, which independently assembled the equipment from the supplied sets, and then mastered the operation of all ten armored vehicles.

Ten SPM-2 armored cars were handed over to Beijing law enforcement agencies, who were to keep order during the Olympic Games. According to reports, this technique coped well with its task, allowing security officials to ensure the safety of athletes and spectators.



According to the results of the operation of the new armored vehicles during the Olympics-2008, it was decided to order an additional batch of such vehicles. At the end of the year, Beijing Yanjing Motor Co. and Rosoboronexport signed a new contract for the supply of equipment. This time the agreement implied the transfer of ten SPM-2 / GAZ-2330-36 armored vehicles in finished form and 90 vehicle kits for assembly at Chinese factories. Armored cars assembled in China received a new designation YJ2080, and in addition, they were packaged with plates with the logo of the assembler.

The first cars of this lot were assembled and transferred to the customer in July 2009 of the year. The order for the assembly of hundreds of armored vehicles was fully completed by 2010 year. This equipment was given to the Public Security Bureau, the People’s Armed Police and army units serving in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. After the riots in the middle of 2009, it was decided to strengthen law enforcement agencies in the region, including through the supply of new armored vehicles.



In the future, new contracts for the production of Russian-made armored cars by Chinese enterprises appeared. In accordance with the purchased license, Beijing Yanjing Motor Co. got the opportunity to establish a fully localized production of new cars. To date, it is alleged, the manufacturer has already mastered the production of wheeled platforms, and also developed several options for special equipment armored vehicles. Three versions of armored cars in different versions were shown at a recent exhibition.

Armored YJ2080 is a version of the machine SPM-2, assembled by the Chinese industry from the components of the Russian or its own production. For this reason, the main features of the armored car remain unchanged, although some structural elements can be adapted to the capabilities of the Chinese industry and the technologies available to it. Thus, the original SPM-2 and the Chinese YJ2080 have a minimum of noticeable external differences, and the design differences are reduced to some minor modifications.



Chinese armored car retains the overall layout and basic characteristics. This armored vehicle with a wheel formula 4х4 is built according to a bonnet layout and is equipped with a protected body that corresponds to the 5 class according to Russian standards. Thanks to such a reservation, the car is able to protect the crew from bullets of caliber 7,62 mm: from shooting from automatic rifles, any of the rifles using bullets that do not have a reinforced core.

An armored car assembled under license retains the overall layout with a front engine in a separate volume, behind which is a large single habitable volume. The driver’s and commander’s seats are located in the front of the cabin, and the remaining volume can be used to accommodate passengers or special equipment of the required type. In the variant for the transport of personnel, the armored car is equipped with two front seats for the driver and commander, behind which are placed seven more armchairs for the landing.



During the development of the project, Chinese experts have taken into account the Russian experience in the layout of habitable compartments. So, at the China Military and Civilian Integration Expo 2016 exhibition, samples of armored vehicles with different door and hatch composition were displayed. Thus, there is a version of the hull with two side doors, aft aft door and a round hatch in the roof. Also presented a sample with its own doors in the second row of seats. In this case, two rectangular hatches are installed in the roof of the car.

Chinese experts consider the YJ2080 armored car not only as a vehicle for personnel, but also as a carrier of special equipment. One of the exhibition samples was equipped with a small-sized radar station, which can be used to solve certain tasks in the interests of the army or other security forces. On the roof of this armored car installed a slewing device with an antenna, and in the aft cabin placed the operator's workplace with a set of computer equipment.



Considering the changes in the habitable compartment of Chinese-made armored cars, you can also mark the finish. Exhibition samples YJ2080 from the inside more like cars for the civilian market with the appropriate interior design. Chairs and trim panels are made in bright colors, and also have a distinctive appearance. At the same time, armored cars receive a standard dashboard from the original project, similar to Russian-made vehicles.

Currently, the Chinese factory Beijing Yanjing Motor Co. mastered the licensed production of armored cars SPM-2 / YJ2080, which is no longer dependent on the supply of Russian components. All the necessary components and assemblies are made by Chinese enterprises involved in the project. The final assembly of the finished armored cars is produced by the company that purchased the license. In addition, the Chinese industry has already developed several specialized modifications of the base armored vehicle.



From the available data, it follows that the Chinese company continues to build fully localized armored vehicles in the interests of various law enforcement agencies in China. Volumes, cost and other features of orders are not reported. Nevertheless, it can be assumed that the deployment of full localization of production is associated with the desire of Chinese customers to purchase a large number of new equipment. In this case, the restructuring of production and the exclusion of Russian participation is completely justified from an economic point of view.

It should be noted that China is not the only foreign operator of Russian-developed Tiger armored cars. Since the end of the last decade, Rosoboronexport has signed several contracts for the supply of finished equipment to various foreign countries. Armored cars were delivered both to neighboring countries and to the states of remote regions. "Tigers" of all modifications are used in the CIS, in the Middle East, in Asia and in South America. At the same time, the most fruitful cooperation takes place in the case of China: after a short supply of finished equipment, the assembly of machines from the sets was launched, and then the full localization of production was carried out.

Recent ones news from China once again show that Russian developments in the field of light multipurpose armored vehicles are of interest not only for domestic, but also for foreign customers. Taking into account the existence of a wide range of modifications of the armored car "Tiger", we can expect that news about the supply of this equipment abroad will appear in the future.


On the materials of the sites:
http://mil.news.sina.com.cn/
http://china-defense.blogspot.ru/
http://bmpd.livejournal.com/

Photo review of YJ2080 armored vehicles:
http://slide.mil.news.sina.com.cn/l/slide_8_38692_43561.html#p=1
Author:
Photos used:
Slide.mil.news.sina.com.cn
45 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. Andrey Yuryevich
    Andrey Yuryevich 7 July 2016 06: 19
    +16
    China has completed the localization of the production of armored vehicles "Tiger"
    I am surprised tirelessly to China, with envy. our even the production of the damn Vesta passenger car, could not localize, it turned out "Lego" from all over the world ... request
    1. Gray brother
      Gray brother 7 July 2016 07: 11
      +5
      Quote: Andrey Yurievich
      ... our even the production of a damn Vesta passenger car, could not

      Is this Renault-Nissan "our"?
      p.s.
      I personally like "Largus" more.
      1. inkass_98
        inkass_98 7 July 2016 07: 22
        +11
        Not for me laughing ... And "Vesta" has not so much in common with "Renault-Nissan", unlike the same "X-ray". And "Largus" is waxed clean "Dacia" with the mark "VAZ".
        1. Gray brother
          Gray brother 7 July 2016 07: 32
          +2
          Quote: inkass_98
          And "Largus" is waxed clean "Dacia" with the mark "VAZ".

          Her degree of localization is about the same as that of "Vesta" smile It costs the same, but it’s more useless, it’s not a useless sedan.
        2. Locksmith
          Locksmith 7 July 2016 08: 19
          +4
          Quote: inkass_98
          And "Largus" is a pure wax "Dacia" with the mark "VAZ

          What is this for? It is completely welded at AvtoVAZ, the engine and gearbox - AvtoVAZ, seats, plastic - AvtoVAZ suppliers, glass beams, will soon go with its 1.8 VAZ engine. In Largus, the localization of 80% simply does not happen anymore.
          1. Buffet
            Buffet 7 July 2016 11: 40
            +3
            I myself saw the first largus so there was a Renault engine
      2. Maksus
        Maksus 7 July 2016 09: 14
        +7
        And the lights made their own, Chinese. And here is the result - the car is different, not Russian anymore.
        1. Altona
          Altona 7 July 2016 12: 47
          +1
          Quote: Maksus
          And the lights made their own, Chinese. And here is the result - the car is different, not Russian anymore.

          -------------------------
          I watch the second car and here, too, "chest of drawers" shoved, a table with drawers under the computer. At the "tank biathlon" their truck-technical, too, with the same "organizer" from the drawers was, small things and so on were taken from there.
      3. Now we are free
        Now we are free 7 July 2016 13: 15
        +7
        In accordance with purchased license Beijing Yanjing Motor Co. got the opportunity to establish a fully localized production of new cars.
        I thought at first it seemed, then reread again the CHINESE BUYED A LICENSE FROM US! It costs a lot wink Before that, the Chinese localized the production of "Chinese Hummers" at their home, respectively, no one asked the Americans about licenses, they just began to rivet armored cars very reminiscent of the "Hummer". laughing And here is the RUSSIAN CAR STARTED TO DO BY LICENSE.
        I think the Chinese had time to compare the American "Hummer" and our "Tiger", and since the already existing clone of the "Hummer" is in service with the PLA, the Chinese got a license and began to produce "Tigers" I think their choice is obvious ...
        "Tiger" is better armored than "Humvee" (which is worth one solid armored capsule of the fighting compartment) + the layout allows you to place inside it (sometimes secretly) EVERYTHING except the Howitzer and MLRS.
        An important factor is the fact that the "Tigers" sent People’s Armed Police and army units serving in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. After the riots in mid-2009, it was decided to strengthen the law enforcement agencies of the region, including through the supply of new armored vehicles.


        This district is like an awl in China for China ... and only reliable and well-armored equipment is supplied there, since the Chinese decided to send "Tigers" there first of all, then the machine deserves their trust.

        In general, the article was pleasantly pleased, who would have thought that China would be so interested in / start to produce our "Tigers", which at one time were almost destroyed by "Taburetkin" hi
        1. Come on
          Come on 7 July 2016 15: 27
          0
          Quote: Now we are free
          Before that, the Chinese localized the production of "Chinese Hummers" at their home, respectively, no one asked the Americans about licenses, they just began to rivet armored cars very reminiscent of the "Hummer". And then THE CAR OF THE RUSSIANS STARTED TO DO UNDER A LICENSE.


          Trying to copy the Humvee, with a result unknown to the Chinese, is not any localization, and from the Humvee there is as much as the Chinese fakes of some popular European car models with European originals. Russia gave the documentation for the Tigers' products, after the development cost tens of myo $, plus a lot of $ for dorobotki, PR, testing, and now instead of starting to make money on the Tiger and sell it to the whole world, the Chinese will do it .. The Chinese they’ll do the same cheaper and better, besides they will be able to put everything possible in their Tigers, from engines, gearboxes, to armor modules, according to the wishes of customers, there are no problems with sanctions, which means even less chances to sell Russian Tigers somewhere other than their own army.

          Quote: Now we are free
          "Tiger" is better armored than "Humvee" (which is worth one solid armored capsule of the fighting compartment) + the layout allows you to place inside it (sometimes secretly) EVERYTHING except the Howitzer and MLRS.


          A very controversial statement, those Humvees with birdhouses that used the US Marines, and now Iraqis, actually have very impressive armor protection, orders of magnitude higher than that of the Tiger, and mine protection is more likely for both instances below the baseboard, compared to more modern ones armored vehicles, such as the same Trot. But in terms of payload, internal volume and structural strength, this is how the Tiger looks bad in comparison with competitors. By the way, Lynx was sent to Syria.
        2. fennekRUS
          fennekRUS 8 July 2016 07: 09
          +1
          Quote: Now we are free
          Beijing Yanjing Motor Co. is licensed under the license.

          I repeat this phrase all morning. World turned upside down. The Chinese BOUGHT a license. Either it's a political move. Either the license was a "makeweight" for the first 10 cars. IMHO
    2. dima mzk
      dima mzk 7 July 2016 07: 54
      +1
      everything is normal for the defense industry; there, without quality caps, they fly. not everything is of course smooth but we have a shishiga military decommissioned flies only in the way
      1. Artyom
        Artyom 7 July 2016 10: 06
        +1
        I did not like the fact that the seats are attached to the floor in the cars! If it is blown up on a land mine, the spine will get enough sleep!
        1. Andrey Yuryevich
          Andrey Yuryevich 7 July 2016 14: 20
          +3
          Quote: Artyom
          I did not like the fact that the seats are attached to the floor in the cars! If it is blown up on a land mine, the spine will get enough sleep!
          as if without a land mine it wouldn’t get enough sleep ...
        2. code54
          code54 1 August 2016 00: 19
          +1
          Yes, generally it was not necessary to put the seat, standing 30 Chinese at least fit! )))
    3. Evrepid
      Evrepid 7 July 2016 12: 09
      +6
      And it surprises me that ours again fell for another Chinese divorce: buy an installation batch and a license for subsequent production.
      And as a result, they sold goods per ruble, and losses per million.
      How many times have it already been! And once again stepped on the same rake, managers from the military-industrial complex do not learn anything? Or here one needs to ask another question: are they not the enemies mishandled?
      1. Megatron
        Megatron 7 July 2016 12: 28
        +3
        I completely agree. Although the Chinas could have copied it without a formal purchase of a license, and no one would have told them anything as always.
        1. Come on
          Come on 9 July 2016 04: 01
          0
          And who said that without documentation, all these Chinese fakes are direct copies? If they outwardly fake something, then in the technical part there is something completely different. So, without technical documentation from GAZ, they might have copied the Tiger, but it would never have been a dangerous competition in the world market for the Russian Tiger, and now the Chinese can offer either better quality for the same money, or cheaper.
      2. Grizli-666
        Grizli-666 7 July 2016 12: 39
        +3
        Quote: Evrepid
        fell for another Chinese divorce: buy an installation batch and a license for subsequent production.

        I could understand your exclamation if all the fuss began with the sale of only the installation batch, but why are you not satisfied with the sale of the license ?! What has your whining "all gone" to do with it, why do you scold the managers? Or, in your opinion, when selling a production license, the Chinese should have simply put it in a frame? In order to sell that, China could establish production. The whole world sells licenses and cannot get enough of earning money on it. And you whine again, I am amazed at you!
        1. Evrepid
          Evrepid 8 July 2016 16: 59
          +2
          Yeah ... already sold licenses for the production of various types of equipment. :)
          As I understand it, you have a vague understanding of what happened then.
          All such licenses are formal ... For the production of Kalashnikov assault rifles, China does not pay under the license agreement (first), under license agreements there are no payments for the production of dry modification aircraft (second), the license was sold for the production of tanks (third) there are no license fees.

          And before you start "accusing" of whining, it is recommended to tighten up education in the field of historical facts.
        2. Evrepid
          Evrepid 8 July 2016 17: 01
          0
          And of course you don't know how to refuse payments under a license, but the Chinese "brothers" can do it by 300% :)
  2. Gray brother
    Gray brother 7 July 2016 07: 17
    0
    The Chinese have some kind of bzik to make light salons in all cars, in civilians it’s okay, but in the military ... this is probably to bring up perfectionism in soldiers.
  3. inkass_98
    inkass_98 7 July 2016 07: 19
    +7
    I agree with the previous speaker Andrei Yurievich hi . The Chinese master the localization very quickly, well done.
    But along the way I want to note that this is not so much the merit of the Chinese specialists as a consequence of the fact that China is still the "factory of the world", where EVERYTHING produces EVERYTHING. After all, it is no secret that many enterprises built by Western companies produce two types of goods: one comes with an original label and a corresponding price, the second with a brand of some XZGWQ and a price two or three times lower with the same characteristics.
    So, when in the country there is a production of literally everything that can be done, it is much easier to localize any production if, of course, there are appropriate technologies. For example, aircraft engines with the characteristics that are installed on our Su, they could not master. Until. Or engines for space launches - they are also trying to master the whole world. Until. But experts are there, they take, if not skill, then number for sure. And then just the quantity gradually turns into quality.
    In our country, however sad it may be, the picture at the moment is fundamentally different from what we would like.
    1. Grizli-666
      Grizli-666 7 July 2016 12: 44
      +3
      Quote: inkass_98
      But experts are there, they take, if not skill, then the number certainly

      Uh, I’m afraid such things are solved precisely by skill and not by number, and China has a very poor design aviation school. The same engine can not normally copy for a quarter century. Their flight prototypes allegedly of the fifth generation of the terrible dream of aerodynamics, etc. etc.
      Quote: inkass_98
      In our country, however sad it may be, the picture at the moment is fundamentally different from what we would like.

      Well, yes, instead of "all at once", as happens only in fantasies, there is a systematic development (not without failures of course)
    2. fennekRUS
      fennekRUS 8 July 2016 14: 17
      0
      Quote: inkass_98
      take if not skill, then the number for sure.

      To be more precise, they assemble "Lego" from those units that they have in production. Sometimes it turns out quite a good "constructor"
  4. Antiprogressor
    Antiprogressor 7 July 2016 07: 32
    +7
    Sergey Saveliev about the brain. "A peasant is definitely dozens of times smarter than a clerk, because the peasant's survival is inherent in nature, and the clerk is stupid and stupid. sewerage, heating ...
    Did you make weapons?
    Well, I’m not talking about shooting.
    That's it!
    And now about China. The Chinese are well done. They can reproduce.
    And we, ... but the mighty must be able to. To be able to do everything, to know most of all, to try, to poke one’s nose, to study, study, and study, as the great Lenin bequeathed.
  5. Oorfene Deuce
    Oorfene Deuce 7 July 2016 07: 39
    +1
    Well, the Chinese ... Well, you sons of bitches smile
    1. avt
      avt 7 July 2016 09: 05
      +3
      Quote: Oorfene Deuce
      Well, the Chinese ... Well, you sons of bitches

      But all the same, it's nice, especially if you remember how much shit was poured on the "Tiger" and the fact that the Chinese bought HAMVI on the vine and with giblets before that.
      Quote: rusmat73
      we ourselves need such "Tigers" ...

      And what about the "Wolf" ?? I went out for a walk and never returned ??
  6. shturman032
    shturman032 7 July 2016 07: 58
    +1
    How much more profitable to sell a license than the equipment itself?
    1. Gray brother
      Gray brother 7 July 2016 08: 16
      +1
      Quote: shturman032
      How much more profitable to sell a license than the equipment itself?

      Depends on the conditions. If you, for example, plan to occupy production facilities with something else, it is more profitable to sell a license.
  7. AlNikolaich
    AlNikolaich 7 July 2016 08: 13
    +4
    However, smiling ... Of course, Beijin Motors against the background of China, a well-known and good company. It produced Gas51, Gas-69, and specifically for it, Oise developed a modification of the 469 model, which is still produced there! The funny thing is that in China, under this Beijin, pirated copies are made, the hell knows what chassis and units! China's scourge is that there are already fakes for the original China. Forged phones and Huawei and Xiaomi, fake Cherie amulet and Great vul. Soon there will be a fake of the Chinese Tiger, with a body of iron welded in a blast furnace of Uncle Xiao, in the native collective farm of Sichuan!
    1. Gray brother
      Gray brother 7 July 2016 08: 20
      +4
      Quote: AlNikolaich
      , with a body of iron cooked in a blast furnace by Uncle Xiao, in his native collective farm in Sichuan!

      smile
      Reminded:
      1. d-shvets
        d-shvets 7 July 2016 10: 52
        +1
        And who told you that these doors can be used as entrance doors? Obviously, not the Chinese, but those who ordered these doors from the Chinese at the factory.
        Traders everywhere are ingenious, they want for 1rub. buy, for 3 rubles. sell for the remaining 2 percent ;-) modestly live)
  8. rusmat73
    rusmat73 7 July 2016 08: 42
    -2
    we ourselves need such "Tigers" .... I think they will bring them to a high-quality (internal) and to Russia for sale, the demand will be huge, the main thing is that the prices are not like those of Russian manufacturers.
    I believe that such machines should be produced in mass production - they would fly like pies.
    I would not refuse such a car (dream repeat ), and many friends also want such a car, but the price bites. belay
    with such a car and on the road you can’t spend it. My personal opinion. hi
    1. Grizli-666
      Grizli-666 7 July 2016 12: 47
      +1
      Quote: rusmat73
      I think they will bring them to quality (vnutryanku)

      The Chinese, will they bring the "vnutryanka" to mind? I strongly doubt it.
  9. Zaurbek
    Zaurbek 7 July 2016 11: 24
    +2
    It surprises me: why does China need so many different armored cars? They and Hammer bought both Tiger and Mraps, which they do something ....
    And in localization, everything is quite simple. Engine-Cummins (Chinese) and gearbox Allison (Chinese) Steel armored medium quality China learned to roll.
    1. Grizli-666
      Grizli-666 7 July 2016 12: 49
      +1
      Quote: Zaurbek
      Why does China need so many different armored cars?

      For the police. Almost a half billion of them need just a huge number of policemen. Police officers need a huge amount of special equipment. Accordingly, China can afford to pervert and purchase almost dozens of types of equipment from various manufacturers.
  10. 16112014nk
    16112014nk 7 July 2016 12: 15
    +3
    And then our "defective managers" will buy these armored cars from the Chinese.
    1. Grizli-666
      Grizli-666 7 July 2016 13: 15
      +2
      Well, of course "defective managers", after all, they thought of making money by selling a license, well, aren't they stupid, eh? None of the civilized players do this anyway. It is so? Oh, no, wait. It turns out the whole world makes money on this. Sometimes they are still pushing to shove a license into the client, right ?! (For especially geniuses, you probably need to hang a sarcasm sign) SARKAZM !!!
  11. faiver
    faiver 7 July 2016 15: 50
    +3
    I don’t understand the commentators who say that they lost the profit by selling the license - you don’t have to think that the Chinese are fools, they would have copied it without a license, and would not have bought hundreds or thousands of tigers from us anyway, but everything is fine - they bought a license , does it mean that the pipeline is idle on GAZ ?, doesn’t work, though it’s not for the country but for Comrade Deripaska ...
  12. engin
    engin 7 July 2016 17: 35
    +1
    especially touches the workplace of the radar operator from the chipboard ...
  13. Cat
    Cat 7 July 2016 19: 09
    +1
    You will remember Serdyukov in vain! With his outposts. The tiger was not needed, Octopus and BMP3 were almost buried. And then the Chinese. Probably there is reason for someone we think up there?
  14. fzr1000
    fzr1000 7 July 2016 21: 20
    0
    Wow information. For the first time I hear about this. Feelings are mixed. On the one hand, it’s good that the Chinese are doing it under license, on the other hand, in my opinion, we are getting a competitor who can upgrade the model, since there are enough licensed engines and other naughty things in China, and there’s enough damping in this sector of the arms market, which will cross our path.
  15. Grizli-666
    Grizli-666 8 July 2016 05: 07
    0
    Quote: Yeah, well.
    Russia gave the documentation for the Tigers' products after the development cost tens of myo $, plus a bunch of $ for dorobotki, PR, testing, and now instead of starting to make money on the Tiger

    Well, I gave it away for free, right? Or maybe sold, thereby paying off "PR, testing, improvements." Stop talking nonsense.
    1. Come on
      Come on 8 July 2016 06: 19
      +1
      Quote: Grizli-666
      Or maybe they sold, thereby having paid back


      First, take an interest in how much Tiger development has built and what efforts, and then draw conclusions about the benefit-disadvantage. Guaranteed Gas in flight, above I explained why. IMHO