Military Review

Hungary: bloody autumn 56

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Hungary: bloody autumn 56


For the last quarter of a century, historians and the media have tried to present the notorious Hungarian events of 1956 of the year as spontaneous speeches by the Hungarian people against the bloody pro-Soviet regime of Matthias Rakosi and his successor, Ernö Gerö. Referred to in Soviet times as a counter-revolutionary rebellion after the destruction of the Soviet Union, these events acquired the resounding name of the Hungarian revolution 1956 of the year. However, was it really that clean? stories? Or did the timely intervention of the Soviet Army prevent Hungary from falling victim to the first Orange Revolution? Let us try to remember how the events developed sixty years ago.

In 1956, Hungary became the scene of tragic events. For several weeks in Budapest and several other cities of the country and localities there was a struggle. The internal opposition, with the active support of external forces, especially the United States and the Federal Republic of Germany, sought to change the socialist system to the capitalist system and wrest the country from the influence of the Soviet Union. The catalyst for the Hungarian unrest was the events in Poland, where Vladislav Gomulka, who was recently released from prison, became the head of the ruling Polish United Workers' Party (PUWP) 19 in October 1956. This choice went across the interests of the Soviet Union, but the Soviet government did not interfere in the internal affairs of Poland, despite the fact that Soviet troops were stationed there. The Hungarian opposition and Western analysts came to the conclusion that in Hungary you can repeat the Polish version.

As it later became known, not only American intelligence was directly involved in the preparation of a coup in Hungary, but also directly the President’s Office, and the US Congress. On the eve of 1956, during a meeting of Hungarian emigration, which came to Munich by Rockefeller, an adviser to the American president, a plan of subversive activities was laid out, for which the CIA developed and secretly circulated in Hungary a program to overthrow the existing system. In January 1956, the US Military Intelligence prepared a report entitled “Hungary: Activity and Resistance Potential,” in which Hungary was viewed from the point of view of US special forces actions. The report noted the peculiarities of the current sentiment in Hungary, which consisted in the anti-Slavic and anti-Semitic feelings of certain groups of the population and in sympathy for fascist Germany, which ensured in 1940-1941. significant territorial gains of Hungary. All this, in the opinion of American intelligence officers, facilitated the “transfer of discontent to the phase of active resistance.”

In the summer of 1956, the United States Congress, in addition to 100 000 000 dollars allocated each year to conduct subversive work against socialist countries, also allocated 25 000 000 dollars. American newspapers openly reported that these funds were intended to "finance actions similar to those that led to the unrest in Poland." The influential circles of the Federal Republic of Germany also contributed to the preparation of a counterrevolutionary coup in Hungary. In particular, according to the newspaper “New York World Telegram and Sun”, the organization of the former Hitler's General Gehlen played an important role in this matter. Special camps functioned in West Germany, where Gelene’s American instructors and scouts, as well as members of Hungarian fascist organizations, conducted training for subversive work in Hungary. In addition, long before the outbreak of the insurgency, a number of points were opened for recruiting hortist and other emigre scum and preparing it for subversive work. There were collected the remnants of the Horty army and gendarmerie, which managed to escape in the West. Passing a certain amount of training with American money, they went to Hungary. One of these points was in Munich.

At the same time, in England, detachments of counter-revolutionaries were recruited, several hundred people each, for transfer to Hungary. In France, armed groups were also trained. Trained terrorists and saboteurs groups in groups of several people were concentrated in Austria, from where they were smuggled across the Austro-Hungarian border to Hungary. This was done with the assistance of the Austrian border service, ensuring their unimpeded transition.

It should be said that by this time, by decision of the Hungarian government, all the barriers on the Austro-Hungarian border were removed, and the border guard was sharply weakened. In essence, anyone could freely move from Austria to Hungary, of course, the organizers of the insurgency used this widely. In the fall of 1956 of the year, former general of the Hortist Army, Hugo Shonya, declared that there was a combat-ready corps of eleven thousand fighters capable of launching actions in Hungary. The American representative, Major Jackson, promised the necessary material assistance and transportation for the transfer of these forces.

The activities of the well-known radio stations Voice of America and Free Europe, which in their programs constantly instigated the overthrow of people's power, opposed the reform and nationalization of enterprises, fanning the leadership of the Hungarian Party of Workers and the government, intensified. Since the summer of 1956, they have strengthened calls for the violent overthrow of the state system in Hungary, while reporting that the Hungarians, who had emigrated to the West, have already launched active preparations for the coup. At the same time, underground work, especially among students and intellectuals, of the fascist fascist elements intensified within the country.



A special role in the October events was played by the party opposition headed by Imre Nagy and Geza Losonczy. Their true intentions were revealed only during the defeat of the rebellion. As it became known, Nagy and Losonczy actively participated in the preparation of the uprising, and also led the rebel forces in its course. Under the leadership of Imre Nagy at the end of 1955, an anti-state conspiracy was prepared long before the uprising began to seize power.

In January of the following year, he wrote an article “Some pressing issues”, in which he proposed to abandon the workers' power and outlined a plan to restore the multi-party system, conclude an alliance with various forces that opposed socialist transformations. In his other article, The Five Basic Principles of International Relations, he substantiated the ideas of liquidating the Warsaw Pact organization. These documents were illegally distributed among the population by members of the group and persons loyal to Nagy. His group widely used legal opportunities for undermining and discrediting people's power, especially when working among intellectuals. The true meaning of the “Hungarian road of socialism” Nadia revealed during the insurrection, when the opposition started to implement the previously developed plans to change the state system in the Hungarian People's Republic.



Demagogic agitation caused by the activities of a certain part of the intelligentsia, especially the Petofi Circle, also played a major role in the preparation for the rebellion. The “Petofi Circle”, which emerged in 1955 for the propaganda of the ideas of Marxism-Leninism among young people, was used entirely for other purposes, and events aimed against the people’s power were held under the guise of discussions. Thus, the anti-government insurgency in Hungary was not an accidental or spontaneous phenomenon, it was prepared in advance and carefully prepared by internal opposition forces with active support of international reaction.

After the war, at the request of the Hungarian government, the Soviet troops of the Special Corps were temporarily deployed in the country in various cities; they were not in Budapest. Parts of the corps strictly according to the plan were engaged in combat training, a lot of tactical exercises were conducted, as well as exercises, including live firing, firing and driving courses were worked out tanks, armored personnel carriers, cars. Much attention was paid to the training of flight personnel aviation units, specialists of combat arms and special troops, as well as saving weapons and military equipment. According to the memoirs of the officers of the Special Corps, friendly relations were established between the Soviet soldiers and the population. Good and honest relationships persisted until the summer of 1956. Then the Soviet military began to feel the influence of enemy propaganda among the population and personnel of the Hungarian army, and relations with some Hungarian military units became complicated.

The corps command has learned that the “Petofi Circle” is holding discussions with attacks on the GTA, young people are being called on to anti-government actions. Articles were printed in the press that slandered the existing system, undermined the authority of the government, and hostile forces called for anti-state speeches. Information was received about the frequent trips of American and British military attaches to Austria to communicate with the Hungarian emigration in the West, and also that the programs of Radio Free Europe in the Hungarian language and in the propaganda literature dropped from balloons were heard to speeches against the republic.

On October 10, 23 reported on the radio and in press that the government of the People’s Republic of Hungary was prohibited from holding a student demonstration, but at one o'clock there was a new message about the permission of this demonstration and that the HWT instructed party members to take the most active part in it. So in Budapest 23 October 1956, a demonstration began, in which about two hundred thousand people participated. For the most part these were students and intellectuals, as well as part of the workers, members of the party and the military.



Gradually, the demonstration began to acquire a clear anti-government character. The chanting of slogans began (mostly from a sixteen-point program developed by members of the Petofi Circle), demanding to restore the Hungarian national emblem, cancel military training and Russian language lessons, return the old national holiday instead of the Day of Liberation from Fascism, hold free elections, create a government headed by Imre Nagy and withdraw the Soviet troops from Hungary. Demonstrators began to tear down the signs of the State Emblem from the flags of the People's Republic of Hungary, then burn red flags. Under the cover of the demonstration, armed groups began their actions. In order to seize weapons, they committed organized attacks on the buildings of the regional centers of the Hungarian Voluntary Union for the Defense of the Motherland, which were almost not guarded. During these raids, the rebels kidnapped more than five hundred rifles, pistols and several thousand rounds of ammunition. Also, the rebel arsenal was replenished with weapons that they were able to take from the soldiers of the Hungarian People’s Army. Then armed gangs (it’s difficult to pick a different term) began attacking police departments, barracks, armories and factories.

After just two hours after the start of the student demonstration, armed units began to capture the most important military and government facilities. On the streets of Budapest, again in an organized manner, trucks appeared from which they distributed weapons and ammunition. Machines with armed soldiers of the Hungarian People’s Army could not make their way into the city center. In some places, the rebels disarmed the soldiers, and often the latter themselves joined the anti-government and gangster detachments.



As it became known later, the leaders of the anti-government uprising prepared in advance for the armed uprising. All their actions were aimed at defeating the state and party apparatus in the shortest possible time, demoralizing the army, creating chaos in the country in order to complete their affairs under these conditions. On October 23, around eight o'clock in the evening, terrorists spread a rumor around Budapest that "students are being killed at a radio committee." This is extremely agitated population. In fact, the state security officers guarding the radio committee did not shoot, although armed fascist bandits tried to seize the building and even shot at the crowd. Only after midnight, when there were already many dead and wounded among the protection of the radio committee, did the guard receive an order allowing the firing to take place.

However, several students and elderly men managed to break into the radio studio. They called themselves delegates from those gathered on the street and demanded to immediately interrupt the transfer, remove the microphone from the building and read out the 16 items of the “requirements”, which among other things insisted on the need for the withdrawal of Soviet troops from Hungary. At 20-00, the first secretary of the Central Committee of the Volunteer Labor Ministry Erne Here spoke on the radio, but his speech was not heard by the crowd at the radio committee. At this time, machine-gun and assault rifles were already bursting in many areas of the city. State Security Major Laszlo Magyar, who stepped outside the gates of the radio studio to persuade people to disperse, was killed.



On the night of October 24, the rebels attacked the editorial board of the Sabad Nep party newspaper, a telephone exchange, the main and district police departments, arms depots and factories, barracks, bases and garages, and freight traffic offices. Bridges over the Danube were captured. Only those vehicles whose passengers called the established password: “Petofi” could follow the Margit bridge. A cursory analysis of these events shows that the rebels were prepared in advance and had their own military command center. With the seizure of the radio station and the editorial offices of the Sabad Nep newspaper, they deprived the party and the government of the means of forming public opinion in the country; seizing weapons and ammunition in warehouses, weapons factories, police departments and barracks, they armed anti-government forces; the seizure of vehicles expanded the possibilities of maneuver by the forces of the rebels.

In order to carry out their plan, the rebels were also formalized. Armed detachments and groups of declassed and criminal elements were created, weapons depots were organized, the most advantageous positions were seized.

At the beginning of the rebellion, the antigovernmental forces did not meet with any serious resistance from the forces of people's power. Even in the district police departments they seized weapons without any resistance. When reports from the district police departments about the appearance of “demonstrators” demanding weapons began to arrive at the police headquarters, the head of the department, lieutenant colonel Sandor Kopachi, ordered the rebels not to shoot or interfere. The crowd gathered in front of the police headquarters. When those who appeared demanded the release of prisoners, as well as the removal of the red stars from the façade, Sandor Kopaci immediately unconditionally fulfilled these requirements. The actions of the police chief caused jubilation. Shouts were heard in his address: “Appoint Shandor Kopachi as Minister of the Interior!” It later became known that Kopachi was a member of an underground counter-revolutionary center created by a group of accomplices of Imre Nagy to provide direct leadership of the rebel forces.



The criminal activity of Kopachi was not only to transfer weapons to the rebels, but also to disorganize the activities of the Budapest police, with his knowledge, more than 20 thousands of firearms fell into the hands of the rebels. The events of October 23 and the following night clearly showed that an anti-state insurgency was unleashed in Budapest under the guise of a student demonstration. However, Imre Nadi’s accomplices, entrenched in the building of the headquarters of the police, everything that was happening was represented by the “revolution”, the democratic movement of the Hungarian people.

On the night of October 24, Imre Nagy headed the government and became a member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the HWP, and his supporters occupied important posts in the state and the party. This was the next step in the implementation of the Nadya group’s plan, which, of course, was not known to the HVT Central Committee. On the same night, an emergency meeting of the Central Committee of the Hungarian Workers' Party was held, where recommendations to the government were prepared. It was proposed to immediately arm the working people who were loyal to the cause of revolution and with arms to start actions against the rebels, and also use the help of Soviet troops to defeat the counter-revolution, declare a state of emergency in the country.

Imre Nagy, who also took part in the work of this meeting of the Central Committee of the party, approved all the proposed measures without expressing a single objection. However, this was mere hypocrisy. He was not going to uphold the existing state system and the orientation of Hungary to the USSR. The plan was diametrically opposed and included the gradual ousting of all Communists and people oriented towards the socialist development from the top leadership, and subsequently - the implementation of these measures throughout the country; decomposition of the army and police; the collapse of the state apparatus.



In the current situation, the government of the People's Republic of Hungary and the Central Committee of the Great Patriotic Party appealed to the Soviet government with a request for assistance by Soviet troops to restore law and order in the capital of Hungary. The Government of Hungary sent a telegram to the USSR Council of Ministers as follows: "On behalf of the Council of Ministers of the Hungarian People’s Republic, I request the Government of the Soviet Union to send Soviet troops to Budapest for help in order to eliminate the unrest in Budapest, to quickly restore order and create conditions for peaceful constructive labor."

October 24 1956 from the General Staff of the USSR Armed Forces issued a decree on the advancement of Soviet troops in Budapest with the task of assisting the garrison of the Hungarian troops in the elimination of the armed insurrection. On the same day, parts of the Special Corps began their advancement to the Hungarian capital from Kecskemet, Cegléd, Székesfehérvár and other districts. They needed to go from 75 to 120 kilometers.

The actions of the Soviet troops in Hungary deserve a separate series of articles (which, if the topic turns out to be interesting to readers, will be prepared later, as well as a story about the role of Western intelligence services in organizing events and promoting an armed uprising), this review sets out the general coverage of chronology events.

The Commander of the Special Corps and the operational team of the headquarters left for Budapest from Szekesfehervar. The column consisted of cars, radio stations, several armored personnel carriers and tanks. When the group entered the city, on its streets, regardless of the late time, there was a revival, trucks with armed groups of civilians rushed through, and a crowd rallied in the center. Everywhere, people were torching with torches, flags, banners in their hands, sharp sounds of gunfire were heard from all sides, and separate gunfire. To the building of the Ministry of Defense of the Hungarian People’s Republic it was impossible to pass through the central streets, the task force could hardly move along the narrow streets. When one of our radio stations lagged behind the column, it was immediately attacked by the rebels. The head of the radio station was wounded in the head, one radio operator was killed. The radio station was overturned and burned. A group of soldiers sent in to help with a tank and an armored personnel carrier rescued the surviving crew members.



The command post of the Commander of the Special Corps was located in the building of the Ministry of Defense, since there was a government contact of HF with Moscow, which facilitated interaction with the Hungarian command. The nervous and panic atmosphere reigned in the Ministry of Defense of the People's Republic of Hungary, the incoming data on the events and actions of the Hungarian military units and the police were contradictory. Defense Minister Istvan Bata and the General Staff Layosh Toth were in a depressed state, giving conflicting orders. So, when the rebels attacked the armories, an order followed from the General Staff: do not shoot. Terrorists were already firing everywhere. It was ordered to send the Hungarian military to strengthen the protection of objects, not giving them ammunition (allegedly in order to avoid bloodshed). Taking advantage of this, the rebels seized weapons from the soldiers.

As soon as the Commander of the Special Corps appeared in the General Staff of the Armed Forces of Hungary, the Central Committee of the Hungarian Workers' Party, the Ministry of Defense asked him to strengthen the defense of the most important objects, to protect the buildings of party district committees, police departments, barracks, various warehouses, as well as apartments of some officials. All this required a large number of troops, and corps connections to Budapest have not yet arrived.

When the 2 and 17 units of the mechanized divisions approached Budapest, the commander of the Special Corps set the tasks for the commanders. The advancing advanced units were ordered to take parliament under guard of the building of the Central Committee of the TTP. MFA, bank, airfield, bridges over the Danube, weapons and ammunition depots; knock out the rebels from the building of the radio committee, railway stations, as well as to ensure the protection of the Ministry of Defense, disarm the rebels and transfer them to the Hungarian police.

At the entrance to the city, armed rebels fired at Soviet units, and barricades were set up on the outskirts of the city. The residents of the city reacted in different ways to the appearance of Soviet troops, as the participants in those events recalled: some smiled, shook hands, thereby showing their good disposition, others shouted something irritably, others were gloomy in silence, and in some places they suddenly opened fire. Soviet troops were subjected to organized fire from automatic weapons in the streets of Yullei, Markushovski, Hungaria Avenue, as well as on the approaches to a number of objects. Our units entered the battle and cleared the rebels from the Sabad Nep editorial office, the Central Telephone Exchange, railway stations and military depots. The shootout broke out in the center and in the southeast of the city: near the building of the radio committee, in the area of ​​the Kirvin cinema on Yllei Street. It became known that in addition to Budapest, riots began in other Hungarian cities: Szekesfehervar, Kecskemete.



At noon, the Hungarian radio announced a government decree introducing a state of emergency in the Hungarian capital. A curfew was set up until 7 in the morning, a ban was declared on holding rallies and meetings, military field courts were introduced. The rebels were asked to lay down their arms on October 24. Those who did not fulfill this requirement were threatened by a court martial.

It seemed that the armed insurgency was largely over. Already the Budapest radio reported that there were only a few pockets of resistance. The shootout has weakened somewhat. However, 25 and 26 of October mass riots from Budapest spread to other cities. In many Hungarian settlements, so-called “revolutionary committees” appeared, which seized power. They were usually led by hortist officers, representatives of the West-oriented part of the students and intellectuals. The rebels freed fascists and criminals from prisons, who, replenishing the ranks of the rebels, taking with them the dominant position in the established authorities, intimidated and persecuted supporters of the country's socialist course.

The command of the Special Corps continued to receive information that armed émigrés rushed across the Austrian border, who were not obstructed by the border guards. At that time, Imre Nagy, without notifying the party leadership and without the consent of the Soviet command, in the morning of October 25 lifted the curfew, the ban on group gatherings and demonstrations. Endless meetings, meetings of “revolutionary committees” were held at enterprises and institutions, leaflets and appeals were read, new anti-state requirements were developed. Some units of the army and the police disintegrated under the influence of the events that took place, which made it possible for the rebels to seize a significant amount of weapons with ammunition. Part of the construction battalions, anti-aircraft units, as well as officers of the Budapest Garrison, went over to the side of the rebels. By the morning of October 28, the rebels with large forces held the southeastern part of Budapest (100-120 quarters), a number of objects in Buda and other areas, subjected the city to cross-fire and attempted to seize Soviet weapons and military equipment in groups. Decisive action was needed, and the government of Imre Nadia forbade our troops to open fire.

The expansion of the republic’s armed forces was one of Imre Nagy’s main objectives. He decided it was time to do it directly. First of all, Nagy ordered the dissolution of the administration and state security organs, legitimized the armed forces of the rebels, covering them with the sign of the “National Guard Units” and including the so-called “armed forces to protect the internal order”. They also included the police. A “Revolutionary Committee of the Armed Forces of the Internal Order” was formed to lead these armed forces, which also included representatives of the rebels. His leader, Nagy, appointed Bela Kiray, a former officer of the Hortist General Staff, who was sentenced to death by espionage in 1951, replaced by life imprisonment. Naturally, in the days of rebellion he was released. Subsequently, Imre Nagy confirmed Major-General Bela Kirai to the post of chairman of the “Revolutionary Committee of the Armed Forces for the Protection of Internal Order” and ordered him to form the national guard primarily from the “groups that participated in the revolutionary battles”, i.e. rebel battles.



Bela Kiray went further and asked Imre Nadi to control both the Ministry of Defense and the Ministry of the Interior in order to clear them of the "rakoshists." Now the rebels were provided with weapons from the arsenals of the army and the Interior Ministry. So, only from one warehouse, located on the street Timot, was issued about 4000 carbines, rifles, machine guns and machine guns. It should be noted that from the peripheral warehouses, despite orders from B. Kiray, no weapons were issued to the rebels.

October 30 in the 17 watch the Imre Nagy government announced the requirement for the withdrawal of Soviet troops from Budapest. The night of October 31, in accordance with the decision of the Soviet government, began the withdrawal of our troops from the Hungarian capital. By the end of the same day, our troops were completely withdrawn from the city. This was the end of the first stage of the struggle against the armed rebellion in Hungary.

After the withdrawal of Soviet troops to the outskirts of Budapest, counter-revolutionary gangs, inspired by Imre Nagy’s support, began a real terror against the communists, state security workers and others oriented towards socialism and the Soviet Union. They organized pogroms of buildings of party and state bodies, demolished monuments to Soviet soldiers-liberators. Fascists and criminals released from prisons joined the ranks of the rebels, thus reinforcing the rampant terror. A total of about 9500 criminals were released and armed - murderers, robbers and thieves, and 3400 political and war criminals. The Khortist-fascist forces created their own political groups, like mushrooms after the rain, various kinds of reactionary parties began to appear, the so-called “Democratic People’s Party”, “Catholic People’s Union”, “Christian Front”, “Hungarian Revolutionary Youth Party” and many others appeared. . All these elements sought to get into government bodies as soon as possible, to occupy leading posts in the Ministry of Defense. It was under their pressure that the government appointed General Bela Kirai, commander of the Budapest garrison, as military commander, and General Pal Maxster, minister of defense, as military commander.



At the end of October, throughout the Austro-Hungarian border, the “national guardsmen” were in charge, opening the state border to their supporters. Who just did not carry turbid wave of counter-revolution across the border. Hortystas, Nilaschists, counts and princes, fascist thugs from the “crossed arrows” and the “Hungarian legion”, barons, generals, terrorists who graduated from special schools in the USA and West Germany, military fighters of all professions and specialists in street battles since the times of the fascist coup. The fascist-hortist scumbags were not inferior to the Hitlerite punishers in terms of cruelty and atrocities committed. They burned down the Hungarian communists, trampled them to death with their feet, pierced their eyes, broke their arms and legs. Having seized the Budapest Party Committee, the rebels hanged Colonel Lajos Sabo by the feet on a steel cable and tortured him to death. Thousands of people in those days became the victims of the terror of those who are now called "representatives of democratic forces."



Many soldiers of the Hungarian army actively participated in the defeat of the gangs of the rebels. For example, Major Vartolan led the rout of a gangster group led by a former SS officer. However, the Hungarian People’s Army was unable to independently crush the forces of the armed uprising. Some troops were on the side of the rebels. The leadership of the Ministry of Defense was demoralized by events and could not control the army. Major-General Pal Mageter, head of the police, Sandor Kopaci, and the hortist military leadership, led by Bela Kiraly, who came to the side of the rebels, agreed on actions against the Soviet troops in early November.

The Soviet command saw the processes taking place in Hungary and was very concerned about the transfer of power into the hands of virtually fascist forces. And how to deal with the Nazis, while in our country they knew well. And there was only one way to combat this infection. November 2 March 1956 Commander-in-Chief of the United Armed Forces of the Warsaw Pact (OVS VD) Marshal of the Soviet Union I.S. Konev summoned the commander of the Special Corps to Szolnok and assigned him the combat mission of eliminating the armed insurrection in Budapest. To solve this problem, the corps was reinforced with tanks, artillery batteries and airborne troops.

3 November, at two o'clock in the morning, in accordance with the directive of the commander-in-chief of the Allied Air Force and the approved plan of the operation, the Special Corps forces were assigned the task of "defeating the counterrevolutionary forces in Budapest." At dawn 4 in November, according to the established signal, signifying the start of the operation, the detachments formed to capture the objects and the main forces of the divisions that followed the routes in the columns rushed into the city and with decisive actions, overcoming the resistance of the rebels, immediately entered Budapest. By 7 h 30 mines, they already controlled the bridges across the Danube, cleared from the rebel parliament, the buildings of the Central Committee of the HWP, the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the city council, the Nogoti station and other objects. The government of Imre Nagy has lost power in the country. Nagy himself, with some of his comrades-in-arms, as soon as Soviet troops began to enter Budapest, left parliament through the back door, having made a message on the radio that allegedly “the government remains in place”, and found refuge in the Yugoslav embassy, ​​where it asked shelter



During the day of the battle, Soviet troops disarmed the rebels around 4000 rebels, captured 77 tanks, two artillery warehouses, 15 anti-aircraft batteries, a huge number of small arms. Attempts to seize the square "Moscow", the Royal Fortress and neighborhoods adjacent to the Gellert Hill from the south were unsuccessful because of the stubborn resistance of the rebels. As our units moved to the center of the city, the rebels put up more and more fierce and organized resistance, especially near the Central Telephone Exchange, in the Korvin area, the Kalion barracks and the Keleti station. To master the foci of resistance, where the rebels were 300-500, the commanders were forced to attract significant forces.

Part of the Soviet troops under the command of generals A. Babajanyan, X. Mansurov cleared other settlements of the country from insurgents. As a result of the actions of the troops of the Special Corps, an armed counter-revolutionary rebellion was eliminated both in the capital and throughout the country. Having stopped the armed struggle, the remnants of the rebels went underground.



The quick defeat of the armed anti-government uprising was facilitated by the fact that the insurgents could not receive broad popular support. Too quickly, the true face of the “freedom fighters” and the essence of the order they set up became clear. In the midst of the struggle, from 4 to 10 in November, the rebel armed forces were barely replenished. To their credit, and perhaps even to ordinary rationality, Hungarian officers must be said that, contrary to Imre Nagy's orders, they did not lead their units and units into battle against the Soviet Army. After the rebellion was liquidated, the Soviet Army proceeded to ensure the normalization of life in the country. Military trucks delivered food, medicine, building materials, etc.

By the end of December, the situation in Hungary has changed significantly. This was especially felt in Budapest. Everywhere began work enterprises and government agencies. At schools and higher educational institutions classes normally went. Smooth running urban transport. Destruction was quickly eliminated. Across the country, the work of the people's police, the judiciary and the prosecutor's office was being streamlined. However, shots from the corner, committed by gangs left over from the time of the insurrection, attempting to terrorize the population, continued.



Sources:
Lavrenov S., Popov I. The Soviet Union in local wars and conflicts. M .: ACT; Astrel, 2003. C.142-185.
Gavrilov V. "Black October" 1956-th // Top Secret. 8 November 2006.
Berez Janos. The collapse of Operation Focus. M .: Politizdat. 1986. C. 32-87.
Laschenko P. Hungary, 1956 year // VIZH. 1988. No.8. C.42-50.
Mazov V., Pulyakh A. Simakin M. On the events in Hungary. Facts and documents. M .: Gospolitizdat, 1957. C. 101-103.
Bulah S. Hungary 1956. Essays on the history of the crisis. M .: Science, 1993. C. 63-90.
Kostin B. Margelov. M .: Young Guard, 2005. C.104-114.
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  1. Awaz
    Awaz 6 July 2016 06: 25
    +36
    Unfortunately, the Soviet authorities acted too softly and at the first stage was not decisive, which resulted in bloodshed. The soldiers and officers were generally completely unaware of the atrocities of the Hungarian fascists in the same Voronezh.
    And so the Hungarian pro-Soviet authorities and the introduced foreign troops have nothing to blame for anything. They had all legal rights to this. They fought not with the population but with armed gangs of Nazis supported from outside. All victims are victims of bandits or the actions of these bandits.
    1. Was mammoth
      Was mammoth 6 July 2016 08: 05
      +27
      Quote: AwaZ
      Unfortunately, the Soviet authorities acted too softly and at the first stage was not decisive, which resulted in bloodshed. The soldiers and officers were generally completely unaware of the atrocities of the Hungarian fascists in the same Voronezh.

      Upon first entry into Budapest, there was an order not to use weapons to kill, at least in the part where the father served. Then the Soviet troops suffered major losses. The second time was used in full.
      Only 11 years after the war ended, the actions and crimes of the Hungarian fascists in the war were known to the direct participants in the Great Patriotic War, who then served in the army.
      PS If we compare the rebellion in Hungary and how events developed in Ukraine, then the scenario of the "color revolutions" has not changed. The main thing is the organization from abroad and the presence of soil, in one case the unfinished Hungarian fascists, in the other, the unfinished Bandera and betrayal in the government.
      1. venaya
        venaya 6 July 2016 08: 34
        +5
        Quote: There was a mammoth
        If we compare the mutiny in Hungary and how events developed in Ukraine, the scenario of the "color revolutions" has not changed

        Indeed, there are few differences. Only additionally, I will note that, according to the analyst from the Central Committee who wrote the book "Y. Andropov", all the events of those years in Hungary were first of all inspected by the USSR Ambassador Y. Andropov himself, who pursued his own policy, independent of the state, in this country and had with Moscow, ties with Imre Nagy himself, giving him suggestions for changing the form of government in Hungary, unjustified in that situation. Later Gorbachev, already in the 80s, repeated a similar "trick with his ears" with other countries of people's democracy. All this is very similar to a proven technology.
        1. NordUral
          NordUral 6 July 2016 14: 49
          +2
          A correct remark about Andropov. The affairs of this "Chekist" both in Hungary and in the USSR still require coverage and publication. He was a muddy man.
      2. Alibekulu
        Alibekulu 6 July 2016 09: 22
        .
        Quote: AwaZ
        Unfortunately, the Soviet authorities acted too softly and at the first stage it was not decisive, which resulted in bloodshed. And there is nothing to blame the pro-Soviet Hungarian authorities and the introduced foreign troops in general. They had all the legal rights to it. They fought not with the population but with armed gangs of Nazis, supported from the outside. All victims are victims of bandits or the actions of these bandits.
        Yeah lol
        Unfortunately, the brilliant forces of Ukraine acted too softly and were not decisive in the first stage, which resulted in bloodshed. And so what is to blame the authorities of the Ukraine and the troops entered in general is nothing. They had all the legal rights to it. They fought not with the population but with armed gangs, supported from the outside. All victims are victims of bandits or the actions of these bandits.
        .
        Quote: There was a mammoth
        If we compare the rebellion in Hungary and how events developed in Ukraine, then the scenario of the "color revolutions" has not changed. The main thing is the organization from abroad and the presence of soil, in one case the unfinished Hungarian fascists, in the other, the unfinished Bandera and betrayal in the government.
        It is better to compare with the events in the South-East of Ukraine, where there was also an organization from abroad and the presence of soil in the person of the "Donetsk" and betrayal in power.
        1. Alexey RA
          Alexey RA 6 July 2016 11: 08
          +16
          Quote: Alibekulu
          Unfortunately, the brilliant forces of Ukraine acted too softly and were not decisive in the first stage, which resulted in bloodshed. And so what is to blame the authorities of the Ukraine and the troops entered in general is nothing. They had all the legal rights to it. They fought not with the population but with armed gangs, supported from the outside. All victims are victims of bandits or the actions of these bandits.

          Absolutely true ... that's just the time is not right. When comparing with Hungary, everything described by you should relate to the actions of the Bad Forces under Profesor. Because rebellion is a maidan.
          Fights in the capital with police, seizure of buildings, seizure of military units and weapons in Lviv, etc. - everything is like in Hungary.
          Quote: Alibekulu
          It is better to compare with the events in the South-East of Ukraine, where there was also an organization from abroad and the presence of soil in the person of the "Donetsk" and betrayal in power.

          He-he-he ... in this case, the "Donetsk" is an analogue of the pro-Soviet Hungarian formations that fought the mutiny together with the Soviet Army.
          1. frost1979
            frost1979 6 July 2016 23: 46
            0
            compared z.pu with a finger! there was no coup in Budapest, but an attempt that was suppressed! and in Ukraine, the coup was successful. and the winners began cleaning up the dissent)) he realized that he wrote stupidity?))
            1. Alexey RA
              Alexey RA 7 July 2016 10: 54
              +2
              Quote: frost1979
              compared z.pu with a finger! there was no coup in Budapest, but an attempt that was suppressed! and in Ukraine, the coup was successful. and the winners began cleaning up the dissent)) he realized that he wrote stupidity?))

              If you had bothered not only to read, but also to understand my post, then you would see that my opponent began the comparison of Hungary with Ukraine. Moreover, for some reason he decided that a rebellion was raised in Donetsk and Lugansk, and the actions of the ZSU are an analogue of the actions of the Soviet troops in Hungary.
              So I had to explain that in Ukraine the Maidanists are the analogue of the Hungarian rebels. And the "Donetsk" are in the role of the Vartolans majors.
          2. Foxmara
            Foxmara 9 July 2016 09: 09
            0
            Quote: Alexey RA
            "Donetsk" is an analogue of the pro-Soviet Hungarian

            Yes, no, Donetsk and did not try to restore order throughout Ukraine. The forces are not the same. In fact, in both Kiev and Donetsk, power was taken in one way, with the difference that there really was a coup in Kiev, which, according to the mind, was drowned in blood and there wouldn’t have been so many victims later, and in Donetsk they repeated the seizure of power but at lack of legal authority in the country. And without casualties actually
        2. Mik13
          Mik13 6 July 2016 11: 10
          +9
          Quote: Alibekulu
          It is better to compare with the events in the South-East of Ukraine, where there was also an organization from abroad and the presence of soil in the person of the "Donetsk" and betrayal in power.

          Sometimes it's better to chew than talk ...
        3. Aleksander
          Aleksander 6 July 2016 11: 35
          +10
          Quote: Alibekulu
          It is better to compare with the events in the South-East of Ukraine, where there was also an organization from abroad and the presence of soil in the person of the "Donetsk" and betrayal in power.


          This is "better" only in the inflamed brains of the Ukronazis and some of their last ones with other flags: Novorossia is fighting against the Ukronazis, and in Hungary the Nazis have revolted. If Novorossiya was helped from abroad, it would now be up to the Dnieper and Danube.
          1. Alibekulu
            Alibekulu 6 July 2016 12: 00
            .
            Quote: Mik13
            Sometimes it's better to chew than talk ...
            Well Duc chew .. request
            Quote: Alexey RA
            in this case, "Donetsk" are an analogue of the pro-Soviet Hungarian formations
            laughing and "Donetsk cellars" is an analogue of what .. repeat ?!
            Quote: Aleksander
            If the New Russia helped from abroad, it would now be to the Dnieper and the Danube.
            Oops belay, but what about "North Wind", "Voentorg", "lost paratroopers", "vacationers" ...
            Quote: Petrik66
            Here is a photo of how a Cossack hacks Russian partisans in front of Hungarian soldiers. Impressive.
            In this photo more questions to the Russian Cossack than to the Magyaroshti ..
            1. Alexey RA
              Alexey RA 6 July 2016 14: 11
              +2
              Quote: Alibekulu
              and "Donetsk cellars" is an analogue of what ..

              Exactly the same measures of "simplified justice" in Hungary-1956 - internment camps and the institution of emergency justice.
            2. NordUral
              NordUral 6 July 2016 14: 54
              +7
              My friend, God forbid, there will be a Maidan in Russia and he will win! Think about your countries, what will happen to you then. In the meantime, ask what happened to those where the orange won.
        4. The comment was deleted.
        5. Was mammoth
          Was mammoth 6 July 2016 12: 39
          +5
          Quote: Alibekulu
          Unfortunately Ukraine’s Zbrojnі forces acted too softly ....

          Quote: Alibekulu
          It is better to compare with the events in the South-East of Ukraine ....

          For me, there are many misunderstandings of what is happening in the Donbass. But one thing is for sure what happened in Ukraine. There was a fascist-Bandera coup (for me, Bandera = fascist) under the leadership and financing of the West. And Donbass resists fascism.
          Donbass scares you that if God forbid there will be a "color revolution" in Kazakhstan, then how will the Russians, or rather the Russian-speaking, behave? And Russia?
          On "VO" this is probably the first article with an analysis and overview of what happened in Hungary in 1956. Basically I agree with her.
          1. Alibekulu
            Alibekulu 6 July 2016 17: 15
            .
            Quote: There was a mammoth
            Donbass scares you that if God forbid there will be a "color revolution" in Kazakhstan, then how will the Russians, or rather the Russian-speaking, behave? And Russia?
            Quite the opposite. Thanks to "Russian Spring" in the South-East of Ukraine in K-they cannot sleep well. The whole world, including Russian-speaking RKs, saw in all its glory what the "Russian World" is ..
            Yes, even residents of the Russian-speaking regions of Ukraine, such as Dnepropetrovsk, Kharkov, Nikolaevsk, etc. will beat in the face those who try to repeat the scenario of the "people's republics" on their land .. And the residents of the "rebellious" regions themselves, having the opportunity to turn back time would have done the same .. But the "genie from the bottle" has been released and the power is firmly secured in the hands of the bandits with the proud title of "Defenders of Donbass" ..
            The Donbass is independent - independent of normal wages, pensions, social allowances and by the way for some reason Donbassians make their way to the Ukraine to receive pensions and social allowances from the Junta. Do not be ashamed to take money from Bandera?
            For some reason, not vice versa. request
            Quote: There was a mammoth
            A Donbass resists fascism.
            Yeah lol with "fascists" in their ranks? There are numerous reports of "zigging" in the ranks of the "militia". I have repeatedly posted data about them on "VO" that were deleted by the moderators.
            Yes, that's interesting, but where are the "concentration camps" in the "occupied" Slavyansk? The fascists No. And where is the "Volyn massacre" in this city? Bandera's request?!
            Quote: There was a mammoth
            Mostly agree with her.
            My attitude to the events in Hungary is most fully revealed by Alexander Galich:
            A lump in my throat, a bullet in the trunk:
            - Citizens, Fatherland in danger!
            Citizens, Fatherland in danger!
            Our tanks in a strange land!
            1. Alexey RA
              Alexey RA 6 July 2016 17: 26
              +9
              Quote: Alibekulu
              Donbass is independent - it is independent of normal salaries, pensions, social benefits, and by the way, for some reason, the Donbass people make their way to Ukraine to receive pensions and social benefits from the Junta.

              Probably because these pensions should be paid by the government of Ukraine. In the same way that our government pays pensions to citizens of the Russian Federation living abroad.
              Quote: Alibekulu
              Do not be ashamed to take money from Bandera?

              Not ashamed. Because it’s not Bandera’s, but their money - they worked for this pension all their lives, this money was calculated from their salary.
            2. Cat man null
              Cat man null 6 July 2016 17: 35
              +5
              Quote: Alibekulu
              Donbass is independent - independent of normal salaries, pensions, social benefits...

              - and in Ukraine now all this is?
              - And the fee for a communal apartment in the Donbass has risen as much as in Ukraine?
              - well, and about "sneaking for pensions" - you already Alexey RA answered yes
            3. Was mammoth
              Was mammoth 6 July 2016 17: 55
              +3
              Quote: Alibekulu
              Yes, just the opposite.

              Quote: Alibekulu
              Uh-huh lol with "fascists" in their ranks?

              You haven’t messed up anything? Is there a fascist coup in the Donbass?
              Quote: Alibekulu
              ... The whole world, including Russian-speaking RKs, saw in all its glory what the "Russian World" is ..

              Blessed are those who believe. And that is why I have already read on VO, and more than once about the Russians as the fifth column in Kazakhstan.
              Quote: Alibekulu
              My attitude to the events in Hungary is most fully revealed by Alexander Galich:
              A lump in my throat, a bullet in the trunk:
              - Citizens, Fatherland in danger!
              Citizens, Fatherland in danger!
              Our tanks in a strange land!

              Aha! "If you get hit on one cheek, turn the other."
              Quote: King, just king
              The country must have an ideology, communist or fascist no difference

              Alibekulu also seems to make no difference.
            4. Pissarro
              Pissarro 6 July 2016 18: 10
              +6
              A lump in my throat, a bullet in the trunk:
              - Citizens, Fatherland in danger!
              Citizens, Fatherland in danger!
              Our tanks in a strange land!


              yeah, in Berlin 1945m.
              No need to worry about the Nazi fatherland when Russian tanks crush him and everything will be fine laughing
            5. Kurasava
              Kurasava 6 July 2016 18: 19
              +2
              Uh-huh lol with "fascists" in their ranks? There are numerous data on "zigging" in the ranks of the "militia" Well, ka "dear" there is evidence of zigging in the ranks of the militia? Facts, facts, not words. quote - There are no fascists in Ukraine. Anyone.

              on "VO" he laid out data about them that were deleted by the moderators. - Well, yes, yeah, of course, the Armats were also there, only the battery ran out laughing
            6. Kurasava
              Kurasava 6 July 2016 18: 25
              +3
              So you in Kzakhstan just recently had such an attempt, and Nazarabich crushed you there properly, looked at how it was in Ukra if you did nothing and crushed you. Those who shouted SHEL KET with whom do you identify with "metezhiniki Hungarians" or with "Maidan patriots" or with the Donetsk rebels? Did Nzrabaich act correctly or not? After all SHEL KETOVTSY was clearly not for the "Russian world" were not?
            7. Partisan Kramaha
              Partisan Kramaha 6 July 2016 19: 11
              +1
              Alibekkulu, where are you asking concentration camps in Slavyansk ?! Yes, at the airfield in Kramatorsk! There were diggers of Zindans digging there in 2014. Basements of the Security Service of Ukraine are in Slavyansk, in Kramatorsk, in Konstantinovka, Druzhkovka ... More to list? Or enough?
        6. alexej123
          alexej123 6 October 2016 15: 03
          0
          [/ quote] It is better to compare with the events in the South-East of Ukraine, where there was also an organization from abroad and the presence of soil in the person of the "Donetsk" and betrayal in power. [/ quote]
          Sure, not a problem. Another adherent of the Maidan government? So change the flag to yellow-blue and run to Europe. Or organize a maidan at home. If "weak", then no need to crow.
      3. Awaz
        Awaz 6 July 2016 14: 35
        +2
        the theme of crimes of the Hungarians, as indeed of all other countries, members of the Nazi coalition who found themselves in the Soviet part, began to be actively hushed up immediately after the war. After 10 years, mainly experts and those who directly participated in the liquidation of the 2 army knew about it. These were not introduced to Hungary. The soldiers were friendly and quite loyal to the civilian population until the killings and attacks began ... and then the soldiers behaved extremely carefully. I also have (was that is) an uncle who visited that meat grinder.
      4. Fitter65
        Fitter65 6 July 2016 15: 31
        +3
        Quote: There was a mammoth
        Only 11 years after the war ended, the actions and crimes of the Hungarian fascists in the war were known to the direct participants in the Great Patriotic War, who then served in the army.

        And it was just so, Hungary was the faithful ally of Nazi Germany, 11 years have passed since then. Look what’s happening in Ukraine, how the descendants of Nazi accomplices behave ...
      5. Military Builder
        Military Builder 7 July 2016 07: 50
        0
        Only 11 years after the end of the war, the direct participants in the Great Patriotic War knew about the actions and crimes of the Hungarian fascists in the war,

        in May 1945, the father of my elder brother-in-law's mother, was in a hospital in Hungary, on the night of May 24, the Magyars attacked the hospital and completely cut him out
    2. avt
      avt 6 July 2016 08: 57
      +5
      Quote: AwaZ
      Unfortunately, the Soviet authorities acted too softly and at the first stage not decisively

      Not that word ! The reconnaissance battalion approached practically the headquarters in the cinema and asked, “What to do? We can slam one time. "From Mikoyan's level they gave an order -" Move away. "
      Quote: parusnik
      Events in Hungary as a result of the XX Congress of the CPSU ... and Khrushchev's "secret" report ..

      Especially if you add the fact that Nykyt Sergeevich PREMISELY released from the camps of Salashists, who were taken directly to SS. request This is such a squiggle ponimash, and those guys really with combat experience and campaigning to fight with the Communists did not need them, in the sense of general.
    3. skeptic
      skeptic 6 July 2016 10: 59
      +2
      The casket of rebellion is revealed, if we understand that it is
      prepared special operation.
      The article convincingly shows the scale of preparation.
      "Accidentally", inconsistent and blind actions of the Soviet Army
      coordinating the ambassador of the USSR Yuri Fleckelstein (Andropov).
      The man was naive, like Zurabov, now, on urkain.
      Well, I didn’t see anything, I didn’t know and didn’t do anything!
      The result of actions - inaction of such "ambassadors" - Blood.
      But without the Moscow "roof" this is impossible ...
      So under Khrushchev, not only Crimea was traded ...
      Prepared gesheft and larger ...
    4. goose
      goose 6 July 2016 16: 14
      +2
      Quote: AwaZ
      Unfortunately, the Soviet authorities acted too softly and at the first stage not decisively

      But the GDRs were very decisive, and very effective.
      1. Pissarro
        Pissarro 6 July 2016 17: 43
        +1
        not only in Hungary in 1956, but in Czechoslovakia in 1968
    5. frost1979
      frost1979 6 July 2016 23: 42
      0
      How many parallels with the country 404 .... If the GDP had the will to demolish the fascists in the cuevo, how many people would be alive in the Donbass, and in the cuevo itself. "but that's a completely different story"
  2. JACTUS RECTUS
    JACTUS RECTUS 6 July 2016 07: 16
    +10
    All this happened because of the incompetent idiot Khrushchev, the first sign was the withdrawal of Soviet troops from Austria.
  3. parusnik
    parusnik 6 July 2016 08: 02
    +4
    Events in Hungary as a result of the XX Congress of the CPSU ... and Khrushchev's "secret" report ..
  4. stas
    stas 6 July 2016 08: 17
    +3
    EBN and Gorbaty unfortunately completed the work begun by Treplem Kukuruzny.
    In Ukraine, the same scenario is used. But this is temporary, Kiev will be ours.
  5. kagorta
    kagorta 6 July 2016 08: 33
    +11
    Even geniuses are sometimes mistaken. It was not necessary to build socialism in Hungary. Hungary, as the most faithful ally of Germany (they fought to the last). It was necessary indemnity, occupation and take out all the valuable that they had.
    1. Aleksander
      Aleksander 6 July 2016 11: 52
      +8
      Quote: kagorta
      It was not necessary to build socialism in Hungary. Hungary, as the most faithful ally of Germany (they fought to the last). It was necessary indemnity, occupation and take out all the valuable that they had.


      Exactly, not only Hungary could not be forgiven, but also to all other allies of Germany: the USSR won the war, and fed these recent killers with resources, equipment, money, forgave them indemnities, did not raise a question about their atrocities. And if we do not raise, then they have all the more forgotten and even make claims!
      It was necessary to take out EVERYTHING: houses, roads, factories, in a word, everything that they destroyed. They still had to fulfill their crimes in a black body, thanks to the winners for leaving their lives.
      Only FOUR% percent of the damage was compensated by the losers, 4%! They destroyed, but we ourselves restored, and even helped them! belay complete nonsense!
      1. King, just king
        King, just king 6 July 2016 13: 40
        -2
        Ha! Again citizen Aleksander for the damned Bolsheviks.
        You should be glad that these allies of Hitler caused so many troubles to our country of the USSR. You are the Bolsheviks, or Communists, or the Soviet Union, it seems, you hate with black hatred ...


        Renegade s?
    2. The comment was deleted.
  6. Army soldier2
    Army soldier2 6 July 2016 09: 03
    +5
    Very interesting article. Thanks to the author.
  7. Mareman Vasilich
    Mareman Vasilich 6 July 2016 09: 26
    +6
    Hungarians from that category of people who cannot be forgiven for atrocities. We forgave them - they stuck a knife in our back. For reference - it is worth the Hungarians to pay attention to how Americans solve such issues. And let God pray that we are so humane, and did not bomb the country into the Stone Age. That the Hungarians, that the Poles - jackals from the same species.
  8. Lord blacwood
    Lord blacwood 6 July 2016 09: 42
    +2
    Now the USSR is blamed for all these events, but the USA also did so. In Vietnam, for example, during the uprisings, they did even worse, but in Africa, like, and no one remembers anything about their deeds, as if they did not exist. But everything is well "remembered" about us, though only the bad, and the good is "forgotten".
  9. pigkiller
    pigkiller 6 July 2016 10: 38
    +3
    Quote: lukmag
    The Hungarians very brutally appeared in the occupied Soviet territories.

    I will add that the Hungarians (Magyars and other "immigrants" from Hungary) often constituted the backbone of the international units, distinguished by particular cruelty towards the Russian population during the Civil War in Russia of 1918-1922.
    1. Kenneth
      Kenneth 6 July 2016 13: 25
      +1
      That is, you think that the 1956 Hungarian events were revenge for the behavior of the Hungarians in 2ww. And how do you assess the events of 1848 and their consequences.
  10. Petrik66
    Petrik66 6 July 2016 10: 39
    +10
    Nikita released not only the Hungarian bastard. Not Salashist, since Salashi came to power only in 1944, after the coup organized by Skorzeny, and the atrocities in our territory were committed by the Hungarian cadre army, with the former Austro-Hungarian generals. Salashi fought against us on his territory, but ordinary Hungarians in soldier's greatcoats destroyed our civilian population better than the Germans. The mother-in-law told about the difference between Germans, Cossacks, Italians and Hungarians during the occupation. the Hungarians were in second place in cruelty after the Cossacks. And of course our "intelligentsia" slugs with their eternal genetic hatred for Russians, for the Soviets ..... The hiss about the revolution crushed by Soviet tanks began immediately after our troops equalized the "students". And these photos are killed girls, young men who gave their lives for bright ideals. But about the meat of the communists in the butchers' something they do not tell. And about 52 members of the families of the Soviet military, and these are women and children who were brutally killed by the "rebels" complete silence. The Soviet government, headed by Khrushchev, provoked the rebellion itself and did not allow the military to restore order in a timely manner. A swift use of force without restrictions would have resulted in far fewer casualties among our soldiers and those Hungarians who supported us. Better to hang 10 people at once than to bury hundreds of our own.
  11. Lanista
    Lanista 6 July 2016 10: 45
    +7
    If you face the truth, then the Hungarian rebellion 1956g. - This is an attempt at revenge of the underelicated in 1945. Hungarian fascists.
    1. DimerVladimer
      DimerVladimer 6 July 2016 15: 10
      +5
      Quote: Lanista
      If you face the truth, then the 1956 Hungarian rebellion. - This is an attempt at revenge of the uninhabited in 1945. Hungarian fascists


      This is ignorance of history.
      The largest and most influential was the Smallholders Party (PERM), which in the 1945 elections won 57% of the vote, while the Communists and their allies 15%.

      After the restoration of the sovereignty of Hungary, the communists tried to win the election in 1947. In March 1946, the communists formed the left bloc (UCP, USPP, National Peasant Party).
      In the elections in August 1947, they won only 22% of the vote. Having not received victory, the communists unleashed a campaign of searching for and exposing "reactionary conspiracies" and "counter-revolutionary insurgencies" (Do you know the rhetoric?). Repressive Communism in Hungarian.
      Repression, expropriation, cooperation (actually robbing the peasantry), industrialization led to the impoverishment of the Hungarian population by 1952.
      This is what preceded the events of 1956.

      In the elections in 1990 (after the return of the multi-party system in Hungary) - the followers of the communists won only 11% of the vote.

      Everything returns to normal.
      1. Pissarro
        Pissarro 6 July 2016 15: 32
        +7
        Then you need to clarify

        If you face the truth, then the 1956 Hungarian rebellion. - This is an attempt at revenge of the uninhabited in 1945. Hungarian fascists in the wake of dissatisfaction with the policy of the Communists. laughing
  12. pigkiller
    pigkiller 6 July 2016 10: 48
    0
    Quote: parusnik
    Events in Hungary as a result of the XX Congress of the CPSU ... and Khrushchev's "secret" report ..

    All right. This boar was removed too late and too comfortable then he lived.
  13. Petrik66
    Petrik66 6 July 2016 11: 05
    0
    Here is a photo of how a Cossack hacks Russian partisans in front of Hungarian soldiers. Impressive.
  14. The comment was deleted.
  15. Petrik66
    Petrik66 6 July 2016 11: 06
    +1
    Hungarians in the background.
    1. King, just king
      King, just king 6 July 2016 13: 52
      +1
      Creatures, filthy creatures, that's it!
  16. Abramich
    Abramich 6 July 2016 12: 13
    +2
    In 1956 my grandfather was deputy for the rear of the airborne regiment in Novogad Volynskie. On alarm they raised and sent to Buda-pest. They entered the city in two columns. A firefight ensued between them, and the regiment commander was killed by "friendly" fire. Grandfather took command.
  17. Abramich
    Abramich 6 July 2016 12: 34
    +6
    There was another case. In 1942, my grandfather commanded a reconnaissance platoon in Stalingrad. We got one German language. After his interrogation, the battalion commander addressed: "Vanya, I know you are killing all of them, this one told me a lot, please, hand him over."
    1956 Buda-pest among the prisoners, the grandfather sees the same German. He was detained with weapons on the border with Austria. The third time they did not see each other again.
  18. mroy
    mroy 6 July 2016 12: 42
    0
    I met references that parts of the GDR army also participated in the liquidation of the rebellion. How true is this statement?
    1. alexej123
      alexej123 6 October 2016 15: 14
      0
      I also heard. My brother served as an urgent in the 80s. The officer told them that they also participated in the suppression of a unit of the NPA of the GDR. By the way, the reviews about them are extremely positive, they said that there was no better ally. And at the expense of observance of any "rights" the Germans "did not soar." They walk down the street, a shot from the window, a shot from an RPG into the window and calmly follow on. Don't know the stories or not?
  19. onega67
    onega67 6 July 2016 12: 47
    +3
    You read, and in the head the Maidan pops up.
  20. Leeder
    Leeder 6 July 2016 13: 15
    0
    Quote: There was a mammoth
    If we compare the rebellion in Hungary and how events developed in Ukraine, then the scenario of the "color revolutions" has not changed. The main thing is the organization from abroad and the presence of soil, in one case the unfinished Hungarian fascists, in the other, the unfinished Bandera and betrayal in the government.

    This scenario has been over 100 years old.
    Remember where the 2nd congress of the RSDLP took place?
    The answer is London!
    And the dissatisfied always are and will be. Either those who are dissatisfied with social policy, or economic reforms, or "Dry" law at last.
  21. King, just king
    King, just king 6 July 2016 13: 49
    +3
    The use of weapons ... nda ...

    Uncle told me, and he was a participant in events in the Czech Republic. Our - strict observance of order, politeness, etc. etc.
    The Germans entered ... and they have this form of the mouse, did not differ much from 2 MB. Hans is sitting in a chair in the middle of the street, his sleeves are rolled up, in front of him a machine gun. Across the road, a line was drawn in chalk, and below the line, these Czech-Slovaks are buzzing. As soon as they pulled a little over the line, the queues followed, the crowd was breaking back, the car quickly drove up, the corpses left in the back and that’s all.
    That's how the order is brought in!
    1. DimerVladimer
      DimerVladimer 6 July 2016 14: 19
      +1
      Quote: King, just king
      Hans is sitting in a chair in the middle of the street, his sleeves are rolled up, in front of him a machine gun. Across the road, a line was drawn in chalk, and below the line, these Czech-Slovaks are buzzing. As soon as they pulled a little over the line, the queues followed, the crowd was breaking back, the car quickly drove up, the corpses left in the back and that’s all.
      That's how the order is brought in!


      They’ll come to restore order to you - will you also support it?
  22. DimerVladimer
    DimerVladimer 6 July 2016 14: 07
    +1
    An article from the 60s? ... demagogic agitation ... subversive work ... renegades ... emigrant rabble ... anti-state rebellion ... but no - a new word flashed - TERRORISTS!

    The events of 1956 is not a popular expression? Rebellions in all cities, active armed resistance to the occupying Soviet troops. 20000 trunks somewhere dispersed in the population .. and this is not a revolution? What then is the revolution?

    An army comes to your country, which demolishes the previous regime, while planting incomprehensible people in power such as "communists", who knew them before the occupation? Changes the usual system and laws, into an incomprehensible system and lawlessness - takes away property, deprives of rights, carries out repressions against dissent. And all this power rests on the bayonets of the occupying army, against which resistance is ultimately deployed.

    The power of the Communists in Hungary rested solely on Soviet bayonets until the Soviet Union collapsed.
    After that, the house of cards of the social camp, built on coercion and cruelty, collapsed in an instant!

    Everything fell into place, and it is time for everyone nostalgic for the "empire of good" to turn on their heads and think what was wrong with the USSR.
    1. Pissarro
      Pissarro 6 July 2016 14: 16
      +7
      Recently, in one country, U, too, there were many thousands of trunks in all cities and hands from the destroyed warehouses. The cops and communists also lynched. Who would say that a revolution happened in U?
      Typical paid rebellion, that in Hungary, that in Ukraine. Reliance on right-wing extremism, emigration circles and foreign special services captured by the media, etc.
      1. DimerVladimer
        DimerVladimer 6 July 2016 14: 23
        +1
        Quote: Pissarro
        Recently, in one country, U, too, there were many thousands of trunks in all cities and hands from the destroyed warehouses. The cops and communists also lynched. Who would say that a revolution happened in U?
        Typical paid rebellion, that in Hungary, that in Ukraine. Reliance on right-wing extremism, emigration circles and foreign special services captured by the media, etc.


        Well, that is, in your words, in the Crimea, not a revolution, but an "anti-state" coup or what? There, too, out of 23000 soldiers, almost 20000 went over to the side of the people, what will you also say "renegades are traitors, deserters"?
        Or according to the principle of double standards: they are shpien, and our scout!
        Let's not be like a kindergarten dear.
        1. Pissarro
          Pissarro 6 July 2016 14: 27
          +3
          what does the Crimea have to do with it? You talked about revolutions. There were no revolutions in Crimea, and neither the opponents of reunification nor supporters affirm anything else.
          1. DimerVladimer
            DimerVladimer 6 July 2016 14: 36
            +1
            Quote: Pissarro
            what does the Crimea have to do with it? You talked about revolutions. There were no revolutions in Crimea, and neither the opponents of reunification nor supporters affirm anything else.


            The will of the people, in whatever form it takes place, with the support of the Russian army in the Crimea - and therefore practically without bloodshed, or is it also not a revolution in the Donbas with protracted battles? In fact, the confrontation between Ukraine and the DPR of the DPR is a full-fledged civil war as a result of a change in the political regime.
            1. Pissarro
              Pissarro 6 July 2016 15: 33
              +1
              Civil wars do not always follow revolutions; sometimes they begin without them.
              1. DimerVladimer
                DimerVladimer 7 July 2016 09: 00
                +1
                Quote: Pissarro
                Civil wars do not always follow revolutions; sometimes they begin without them.


                Spanish Civil War in the 30s? Beginning as a rebellion of the military and 4 years of bloody massacre, civil wars go when the population splits into irreconcilable groups.
            2. tupolev-95
              tupolev-95 7 July 2016 17: 38
              0
              Something I didn’t see people hanging in the trees in Crimea and no one in Hungary in the 41st did not call us to visit — as he comes around, he will respond.
            3. The comment was deleted.
    2. Was mammoth
      Was mammoth 6 July 2016 18: 04
      +5
      Quote: DimerVladimer
      An army comes to your country that demolishes the old regime ....

      Are you about Horthy mode? What is he famous for? If there were no Hungarian troops on our land, there would be no ours in Hungary.
      1. DimerVladimer
        DimerVladimer 7 July 2016 09: 36
        +1
        Quote: There was a mammoth
        Are you about Horthy mode? What is he famous for? If there were no Hungarian troops on our land, there would be no ours in Hungary.


        The difference in approach:
        The United States established several occupation bases in Japan and Germany - but did not change the system. In Japan, they retained the power of the emperor, pressured by "soft power" - that's what the smart do.

        The Soviet Union radically broke all ways of life, imposed a one-party system, without any choice and radically suppressed speeches - acted by coercion and force, for which it received the name EMPIRE OF EVIL.

        The Americans are "EMPIRE GOOD" not because they are "GOOD" - they act SMART and CLEVER, not showing real power, but projecting this power onto the ruling elite of the occupied countries (and not occupied ones either), without interfering with the expression of the will of the people in public.
        1. tupolev-95
          tupolev-95 7 July 2016 17: 42
          +1
          Exactly - the empire of good, and Hiroshima and Nagasaki all dreamed))). You have some kind of perverse logic.
        2. The comment was deleted.
        3. Was mammoth
          Was mammoth 8 July 2016 00: 07
          0
          Quote: DimerVladimer
          Americans "EMPIRE OF GOOD" ....

          Once upon a time there was a definition - "caveman anti-communism".
          Try to count only those killed by the "good USA" around the world. At least from the second half of the twentieth century. Japan, Vietnam, Libya, Iraq, Afghanistan, Syria, .... In Hungary, 56 years old, they also noted. Is there still such a "good" country?
          Quote: DimerVladimer
          I have a memorial behind my house: ....

          There have been many terrible pages in the history of our country, and I am convinced that there were innocent convicts then. How many there were is a really noble deed for historians, to restore, if not life, but justice. After all, there are archives, concrete cases. And museums near such places would be just right with specific materials about the executed. Under the bogey "Stalinist bloody repressions" there were attempts to rehabilitate even the killers of the famous Pavlik Morozov and his brother.
  23. Gray 43
    Gray 43 6 July 2016 15: 01
    +5
    Thanks to the author, I described those events in some detail, otherwise everything is casual
  24. zenion
    zenion 6 July 2016 15: 06
    +6
    In exactly this way, the revolution in Czechoslovakia was organized. And in the USSR appeared Tagged.
    1. DimerVladimer
      DimerVladimer 6 July 2016 15: 25
      -7
      Quote: zenion
      In exactly this way, the revolution in Czechoslovakia was organized. And in the USSR appeared Tagged.


      It’s interesting that for 20 years under democracy, neither in the Czech Republic, nor in Hungary, nor in Germany have revolutions occurred anymore? Does the system work? Allows couples to lower on time?

      And it was only in the post-Soviet republics that lifelong presidents Lukashenko, Nazarbayev, Putin settled - democracy, however, as they want to rule the constitution.
      You can't have two terms, but substitute the word "CONTRACT", so it turns out you can ask the boy to look at the place and return not for 8 years, but for 12 years ... and it doesn't seem to have anything to do with it - the people love so much, so they love ...
      1. Pissarro
        Pissarro 6 July 2016 15: 40
        +7
        In an occupied country, you can’t especially mention. The Czech Republics and Hungary listed are not sovereign states. Yes, and in the countries of the Warsaw Pact, revolutions did not happen every 20 years.

        However, I do not believe in new revolutions in the EU, the revolution needs young people, not old people
        1. DimerVladimer
          DimerVladimer 7 July 2016 09: 05
          +1
          Quote: Pissarro
          In an occupied country, you can’t especially mention. The Czech Republics and Hungary listed are not sovereign states. Yes, and in the countries of the Warsaw Pact, revolutions did not happen every 20 years.

          However, I do not believe in new revolutions in the EU, the revolution needs young people, not old people


          Are they already free - or are occupation troops standing on their territories?
          The Warsaw Pact countries fled like gophers (good allies) - half are already in NATO - this turned out to be a stable system, which once again confirms that everything rested on the USSR. As soon as the USSR collapsed, the Warsaw Pact system collapsed and these countries became independent.
          1. Pissarro
            Pissarro 7 July 2016 17: 29
            +2
            What freedom and independence do the countries of Eastern Europe have? It is equal to zero, their degree of freedom is much less than it was during the Soviet Union. All decisions are made in Brussels without exception and sent to execution locally. They drive all NATO wars, in Afghanistan and Iraq, as rams, without asking for their wishes. Inhabit them by crowds of migrants, they liquidate industry, quote quotas, deprive a printing press, etc. There was no such dictate under the communists. In Russia there is more freedom in some Bashkiria than in Latvia, for example
          2. tupolev-95
            tupolev-95 7 July 2016 17: 45
            0
            What do you think will happen to NATO if the USA suddenly spills over?
          3. The comment was deleted.
      2. Alexey RA
        Alexey RA 6 July 2016 17: 38
        +2
        Quote: DimerVladimer
        And it was only in the post-Soviet republics that lifelong presidents Lukashenko, Nazarbayev, Putin settled - democracy, however, as they want to rule the constitution.

        Francois Mitterrand and Helmut Kohl. smile
  25. Anton Valerevich
    Anton Valerevich 6 July 2016 16: 59
    +1
    The Hungarian "guiding" revolution.
  26. King, just king
    King, just king 6 July 2016 17: 15
    +2
    Quote: DimerVladimer
    Quote: King, just king
    Hans is sitting in a chair in the middle of the street, his sleeves are rolled up, in front of him a machine gun. Across the road, a line was drawn in chalk, and below the line, these Czech-Slovaks are buzzing. As soon as they pulled a little over the line, the queues followed, the crowd was breaking back, the car quickly drove up, the corpses left in the back and that’s all.
    That's how the order is brought in!


    They’ll come to restore order to you - will you also support it?



    Let me write frankly, citizen DimerVladimer. I am a supporter of a "tough hand" in Russia, or rather a "stick". Why? And therefore. The Slavs have such a mentality. I will not touch Ukraine, although I live here, I am a citizen of the Russian Federation, and Ukraine's problems are purple to me.
    After all, what is the "stick" principle? Live, work, a smaller bazaar in the kitchen with the same lousy intellectuals, do not write feces in pictures, make a good movie, write good books, and not "shades of gray". The country must have an ideology, communist or fascist without a difference, and most importantly, the people and the party must be united. If you need to shout "Glory to the KPSS" or "Heil", then you need to shout it with heart, as in the 30s, and not as in the late 80s.
    If a person lives a normal life, not a single special service will touch him, and if they touch him on a denunciation, he will most likely release him, which was repeatedly confirmed in the "bloody" Stalinist "repressions".
    Yes, I don’t argue, in the PRC they shoot for bribes, but they take bribes. But the fact is that if they give 10 for a theft, and for a bribe "tower", then I think anyone will think.
    In the excellent film "Don't Wake the Sleeping Dog", Etush's character says: "Five or ten years (in prison), five or ten - no, you have to lay friends."
    1. DimerVladimer
      DimerVladimer 7 July 2016 09: 20
      +1
      Quote: King, just king
      Live, work, a smaller bazaar in the kitchen with the same lousy intellectuals
      Live-work well, you can’t argue with that

      Your problem is that you are trying to tell other people what to do and what not to do - (a smaller bazaar) - what's your business? Does your ego not go too far? JUST THE KING?

      Quote: King, just king
      The country must have an ideology, communist or fascist without a difference, and most importantly, the people and the party must be united. If you need to shout "Glory to the KPSS" or "Heil", then you need to shout it with heart, as in the 30s, and not as in the late 80s.


      For me - the best ideology - that the Russians would live with dignity and receive no less than their Western colleagues, but for now they receive pennies for the same work!
      As for the people and the party are one - are you a supporter of one party? Me not. We have already stomped together for the party, which then led us into the near light and led to the collapse of the empire (the Soviet Union was an empire in the good sense of the word, I am for a powerful country).
      Now there are partisans and pseudo parties such as United Russia - in which half are a bunch of villains of thieves with offshore in Panama or stealing from the budget. What would I go for these Ghouls - but never!


      Quote: King, just king
      "Glory to the Communist Party of the Soviet Union" or "Heil", then you need to shout it with your soul, as in the 30s, and not as in the late 80s.
      If a person lives a normal life, not a single special service will touch him, and if they touch him on a denunciation, he will most likely release him, which was repeatedly confirmed in the "bloody" Stalinist "repressions".


      Most likely to be released? You are either a liar or you don’t know the story.
      I have a memorial behind my house:
      “In the summer of 1989, the remains of 350 people were recovered from the mines of the Golden Mountain. Experts determined that the burials were carried out in the period from 1936 to 1939. According to the NKVD, 37 people were repressed for political reasons in the South Urals, 041 of them were shot. The names of those whose remains were found on the Golden Mountain could not be established. Presumably, over 11 thousand people are buried on the Golden Mountain. The second stage of the mass graves of the repressed fell on the years of the Great Patriotic War. There is no reliable statistics for this period. " ...
      So what about the "fair" Stalinist special services - don’t hang noodles, Mr. Stalinist.
  27. Alf
    Alf 6 July 2016 17: 43
    +3
    Pretty rare photo in the beginning. She has a T-44.
  28. Backfire
    Backfire 6 July 2016 18: 55
    +1
    Ours acted too softly and therefore such losses.
  29. Fighter
    Fighter 6 July 2016 20: 29
    +1
    Unfortunately, many dead Soviet soldiers - http://vnr-su-army.narod.ru/1956_1990/pogibshie_1956.html
    The Kingdom of Heaven and Eternal Peace IM !!!
  30. jurikberlin
    jurikberlin 6 July 2016 22: 25
    +1
    about snipers almost not mentioned.
    hollow sophisticated. shot at a woman or a child
    keep up .. screaming blood and our warrior to the rescue ... with a first aid kit.
    Well, a bullet to our warrior was not in the leg, but in the head.
    Zy.Madyary those more.
  31. alexej123
    alexej123 6 October 2016 15: 16
    0
    DimerVladimer,
    Why so the Kiev events of 2013 and 2014. bypass? Doesn't "rubbish" fit into your concept? Sadness however.
  32. EvilLion
    EvilLion 7 December 2016 19: 06
    0
    What I see is the T-44 in the first photo?

    It was necessary to bomb just Budapest to the ground, people do not understand the small rot in a different way.
  33. Bouncer
    Bouncer 9 March 2018 11: 33
    +15
    Cursed Magyars
    It was necessary to burn Budapest