Commander's personal computer is protected from shock, dust and water. It is equipped with a resistive screen, insensitive to moisture, and a stylus of blued steel. The commander can track the location of all the fighters of his unit on the satellite map, see their condition (wounded or not) and send text messages, receive photo and video images of targets and indicate new targets on the map.
For ordinary soldiers who receive the first sets of “Warrior” from the end of 2014, this is primarily a convenient form of modern fabrics with many elements for the summer, winter and demi-season periods, lightweight composite protection covering up to 90% of the body, well fit on the head lightened helmet.
For visitors to the exhibitions, “Warrior” is an image of a soldier of the future, hung with super modern computer equipment, seeing through walls and firing from around the corner with a helmet monitor.
In total, the equipment includes more than 70 elements that are interconnected and complement each other constructively and functionally.
In order to find out what the combat equipment of a Russian soldier represents today, we conducted a series of interviews. The main elements of the “Warrior” kit were told to us by the specialists of the head developer of the OJSC “TsNIITOCHMASH” program (part of the Rostec state corporation). The soldiers of the reconnaissance company of one of the military units where they were tested shared with us their impressions of the new equipment. We discussed the electronic stuffing of the “soldier of the future” with Alexander Kaplin, General Designer of OJSC Radioavionika.
A military equipment kit is a set of five systems integrated into each other: destruction, defense, control, life support, and energy supply. That is, the “Warrior” program covers practically everything a soldier needs on the battlefield: from shoes and clothes to weapons, medicines, sighting, surveillance, communications, guidance and targeting of artillery and aviation.
The design of the helmet provides for mounting accessories. The photo shows a helmet-mounted monitor produced by OJSC TsNII Tsiklon.
Observation device of the same developer, in which images from the thermal imager and night vision device are combined into one picture. These products - applicants for a place in the program "Warrior".
The thermal sight can also serve as a helmet-mounted observational device.
“We tested all sets of second-generation property, made marches to 5 and 20 km, passed the obstacle course,” says the commander of the reconnaissance platoon Ivan Velichko. The passage of obstacles in full protective uniforms for us was demonstrated by five scouts, one of them with a heavy machine gun in their hands. Smiling soldiers praise the new clothes, which always correspond to the weather, a light and comfortable helmet, goggles, and a multifunctional knife tool. Impressive shoes from the company "Faraday": breathable membrane Gore-Tex, non-slip reinforced sole Vibram, weight at the level of the best trekking boots (like summer and winter models).
Anti-splinter armor with a weight of just 1 kg ensures the same level of protection as foreign analogues weighing at least 1,3 kg. An adjustable under-head device helps to fit the helmet to the size of the head and provides additional cushioning when it hits and hits fragments.
A comfortable and fairly lightweight body armor with a built-in quick-release system is worn and removed very easily, but in order to unzip a wounded soldier, you just have to pull the check (previously you had to remove the vest over your head or cut the straps).
Bullet-proof vests from the “Warrior” kit are equipped with ceramic-composite armored panels made from a layer of ceramic tiles and a composite substrate. Ceramics has a very high hardness with a relatively small mass. The ceramic outer layer effectively destroys the bullet, and the reinforced composite substrate holds its fragments and fragments of ceramics. In standard, the armor “Warrior” weighs a little more than 7 kg, which is significantly less than the mass of its predecessor. There is also an assault assembly of a bullet-proof vest, in which the level of protection is increased to the maximum (sixth) class, bullet-proof protection of the side zones and groin area is provided. In this case, the mass of the body armor reaches 15 kg.
This is how a ceramic-composite armor plate looks like after hitting ten armor-piercing incendiary bullets from a SVD sniper rifle from a distance of 10 m. On the other hand, this same plate looks like new.
At the TsNIITOCHMASH enterprise in Klimovsk near Moscow, we were shown an assault breast armor panel developed by Technikom Research and Production Company LLC that withstood ten hits of armor-piercing incendiary bullets when fired from a SVD sniper rifle from a distance of 10 m. bulge. This means that a soldier protected by a bullet-proof vest with such panels will not receive contusion injuries and will remain combat-ready.
A little bit about the MFP
The MFP is worn in a breast pocket, has an alphanumeric indicator and gives access to all complex functions through the context menu system. In particular, it can be used to type text messages and use the navigator.
Special protective suits deserve attention. The Permyachka overalls made of special ballistic aramid fabric are able to protect the soldier from fragments of shells flying at a speed of up to 140 m / s with a mass of 1 g, as well as from the action of an open flame for 10 s. A set for crew members of armored vehicles "Cowboy" will help the tanker survive in case of defeat and fire tank.
The control panel has no screen and operates according to the “finger-button” principle.
There is everything you need: on / off KRUS, tangent, “wounded” button, switching between subscribers and hot key: its typical use is to send a photo from a rangefinder-angle meter to the commander.
Lord of Thunder
The control system is the part of the “Warrior” that still looks fantastic, although in reality the Strelets reconnaissance, control and communications complex (KRUS), included in the program, has been in service with the Russian army since 2007. At the moment, the second generation of the Sagittarius, produced from 2011, and constantly improving, is relevant.
According to the apt description of Alexander Kaplin, General Designer of OJSC Radioavionika, the Strelts KRUS is a personal computer with peripherals distributed over the fighter’s unloading vest. Its capabilities, like any other computer, are limited only by the tasks and imagination of the developers. The complex guarantees the resolution of all information tasks that a soldier may encounter.
Protected high-speed radio channel provides voice radio communication and data transmission. Data may include text messages (pre-defined and arbitrary), photographs and video images and, of course, geographic coordinates. The satellite navigation system practically excludes the possibility of a soldier to get lost, and for the commander - to let the soldier out of sight.
On the commander's personal computer screen, the location of all the fighters is displayed on a map of the area and updated in real time. The high refresh rate (once per second), made possible by a special high-speed radio channel, distinguishes the Strelets KRUS from analogs using standard radio stations for data transmission. In them, the update rate can reach 10 − 30 seconds, since information about all the unit fighters is transmitted via communication channels with a low or medium data rate.
The commander can instantly send a fighter to the desired point, simply by pointing it with the stylus on the map. And the fighter will receive not just the coordinates of the destination, but a difficult route. KRUS will tell the soldier the way with the help of an arrow on the screen, it will help to bypass the minefields and dangerous zones.
One of the modifications of the Sagittarius includes a rangefinder-goniometer. It is enough for the gunner to simply see the target: relying on the readings of the laser rangefinder and the angle gauge of the target, as well as its own coordinates, KRUS instantly calculates the coordinates of the target, and at the same time sends its photograph to the commander. It will only be necessary to give a command to open artillery fire or strike aviation.
Of course, the "Sagittarius" is compatible with various optical-electronic sights and helmet-mounted monitors, allowing you to shoot from behind cover. This spectacular stunt is proudly demonstrated at exhibitions by the developers of Felin and Gladius - the French and German counterparts of the “Warrior”. However, Alexander Kaplin is convinced that transmitting video information in a battle is not so important as ensuring a good balance between weight and size characteristics, security and working time without recharging while solving basic, that is, the most frequently encountered combat tasks.
A modern smartphone can barely last a day without a power outlet in standby mode. Cruise "Strelets" works 12 hours on one battery (and 24 hours on two) in the mode of continuous voice communication and data transmission. The complex operates at temperatures from minus 40 to plus 60 ° C, withstands severe shocks, immersion in water and dirt.
“A special unit of Radioavionics is engaged in training and gathering information in the troops, accompanying instruments at trainings and wherever possible,” says Alexander Yuryevich. - Practice shows that in life situations often arise that are simply impossible to predict. Therefore, the requirements of the Ministry of Defense for the protection of equipment are not at all contrived. ” Moreover, if the first knapsack models of KRUS, bristling with antennas, represented a solid headache for the fighter, the soldiers practically do not notice the load from placing a modern complex on the Ratnik's transport vest.
From the Arctic to the tropics
Kits of military equipment "Warrior" are already being transported to military units, but the program is still far from complete. Currently, the best samples of small arms, sighting devices and observation devices, including thermal imagers, night vision devices, helmet cameras and monitors, are fighting for getting into the kit. The Kalashnikov concern AK103 − 3 and AK-12 (we wrote in detail about the new generation AK in May 2012 of the year), as well as weapons with balanced automation of the development of the Degtyarev plant, claim to get into the “Warrior”. Many development companies create promising products with an eye on the third and even fourth generation of the Ratnik.
The weapons of the Kalashnikov concern (included in the Rostec state corporation) are equipped with a folding telescopic butt, adjustable for anatomical features and equipment of the fighter, Picatinny slats on the receiver cover and a forearm for fastening sights. In the photo: a thermal sight, a collimator sight, a double magnifier, a laser designator and a transparent magazine facilitating the counting of the remaining cartridges.
Dmitry Semizorov, General Director of TsNIITOCHMASH OJSC, calls its flexibility and versatility one of the main advantages of the “Warrior” equipment: “The modular design of the elements allows the staffing of various units depending on the military specialty and combat tasks. With a wealth of experience in the development of military equipment, we have created a kit that functions equally well in the extreme temperature conditions of the Arctic and in the hot tropics. ”
Basic set KRUS "Strelets"
The ridge of JSC "Radioavionika" - the development of modifications KRUS "Strelets" for different military specialties and combat missions. The kits are constantly in the unloading vest in the assembled state, and the fighter is spared from the need to assemble the system for separate missions, as well as to store the KRUS components separately.
1. Headset with active noise reduction protects the hearing of a soldier from the rumble of shots, but at the same time enhances quiet sounds
2. The control panel is located on the chest of the fighter in the open form and gives instant access to the main functions of the KRUS. The console is built on the principle of "finger-button" and is controlled by touch. There is a radio tangent switch, a “wounded” button, a button for switching subscribers, an on / off button for the KRUS, and a programmable hot key.
3. Satellite navigation system
4. The container of the primary power, it is the battery KRUS. To increase the operating time without recharging, you can simultaneously connect two or more batteries to the system. In the latest modifications of the complex, the container contains a built-in charger.
5. Hardware container contains all computer hardware "KRUS". In standard, it is located in the unloading vest on the left side of the fighter. The computer can operate at temperatures from -40 to + 60 ° C, reliably protected from water, dirt and shock
6. Cables for connecting additional devices, in particular, a rangefinder-goniometer device
7. The multifunctional console gives access to all the KRUS functions through the context menus of the alphanumeric indicator. The buttons of the console are large enough to be convenient to press with gloves
8. Individual radio module