Military Review

How do helicopters

18
Kazan Helicopter Plant is a unique enterprise; it is one of the largest helicopter manufacturers in the world. Helicopters built at this plant fly more than in 100 countries of the world. Last year, the plant turned 75 years, today the company carries out a full cycle of creating helicopters from development and serial production to after-sales support, personnel training and repairs.
I will tell and show you how modern helicopters do.




2. Now at the Kazan Helicopter Plant, Mi-8 helicopters and its upgraded version of the Mi-17, Ansat helicopters are produced, and the mass production of the Mi-38 helicopter is being mastered.
Let's start the inspection with the assembly of the Mi-8, one of the most common helicopters in the world.



3. The assembly is carried out on the stocks, which are fixed on the frame plate. Slips may differ not only depending on the types, but also on the modifications of helicopters.



4. From the side of the stocks are like skeletons of whales.



5. Interesting that история Kazan Helicopter Plant began in Leningrad, it was there that the Leningrad aviation plant. He was later evacuated to Kazan. The common Po-2 biplanes were produced here. During the war years, about 10,5 thousand were released. By the end of the war, more than 10 new aircraft flew out of the factory every day. After the war, it was necessary to urgently master the production of non-aviation equipment, in 1947-1951 more than 9000 self-propelled combines left the plant.



6. In 1951, the KVZ began the production of Mi-1 helicopters. For the USSR, this was the first mass production of helicopters. Then, at the plant, they mastered the production of Mi-4, Mi-14 and the already mentioned above Mi-8, Mi-17 and Ansat.



7. Production culture is very high. The production base is constantly expanding and updating, technical re-equipment and modernization is being carried out. Much attention is paid to training and staff development. Now the factory employs 7000 people.



8. The social policy at the enterprise is aimed at attracting new personnel and retaining existing employees. Discount vouchers and social mortgage - part of social policy.
Take care of their daily bread, I happened to have lunch in the factory canteen. Prices are very surprised.



9. I photographed the menu, in my opinion very good prices and range. A complex lunch will cost less than a hundred rubles.



10. Let's go back to production.



11. From the finished panels assemble the body of the helicopter. In parallel, collect several boards of different modifications.



12. One of the key differences - with round windows transport versions, with square - passenger.



13. Please note that if ships are assembled by welding, here the main connections are still made on rivets.



14. The tail boom is attached to the hulls.



15. As they move through the shop, helicopters acquire more and more complete features.



16.



17. The main modifications of the M-8, produced at the Kazan Helicopter Plant at the present time:
Mi-8MTV-1 (Mi-17-1В) is a multi-purpose modification, on the basis of which various purpose helicopters are manufactured, for example, a flying hospital.
Mi-172 - passenger version designed to carry passengers.
Mi-8MTV-5 (Mi-17-В5) is a transport version designed to transport cargo inside the cab and on an external hanger.



18. Transport version.



19. Another transport worker.



20. After assembly, the helicopter is sent to the car wash, and then for painting.



21. For painting using special cameras.



22. So that the paint does not go where it is not necessary, these elements are covered with a film. How is painting aircraft, I wrote in the report "How to paint the aircraft."



23. In addition to the fuselage, some parts are painted separately.



24. Freshly painted helicopter.



25. One of the main customers of helicopters is the army.



26.



27. Ready helicopter assembly.



28.



29. Look at the finished products. Here we already know the Mi-8 / 17, and in the foreground is the development of the Kazan Helicopter Plant - a small Ansat helicopter.



30. "Ansat" in Tatar means "simple." This is a lightweight twin-engine gas turbine multipurpose helicopter for 7 — 9 seats.



31. "Ansat" can be used in different versions: passenger, sanitary and rescue, medical and so on. The first orders for the medical version of the helicopter came from the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Tatarstan.



32. I liked the VIP options. It looks very European.



33. Mi-17-B5 in the finished version.



34. And what is the production report without cats? We honor the tradition.



35. From the shop go to the factory airfield. Helicopters fly around here.



36. Mi-8 in a very beautiful livery.



37. The cost of the Mi-8 helicopter starts from 15 million dollars and depends on customer requirements.



38. When buying, you can choose a color. I like this one, but upon request it will be painted the way the customer wishes.



39. While the helicopter is on the ground, you can take a closer look at it.



40. Beautiful man



41. We were lucky, this is a VIP-modification.



42. The dashboard looks ascetic.



43. The most interesting thing in the cabin.



44. Leather chairs.



45. Small kitchen.



46. The kitchen is fully equipped. Refuel and fly!



47. Cups - saucers, everything is in place.



48. Extra seats in the cabin.



49. Bathroom.



50. Meanwhile, the Ansat is circling in the sky.



51. I also liked the helicopter. Looks modern. Worth from 5 million dollars.



52.



53. Inside looks something like this.



54. Finally, we "flew" on the simulator in the training center of the plant.



55. The trip to the factory turned out to be very rich and informative.



56. I want to thank the staff of the Kazan Helicopter Plant for a good reception and a detailed story and to wish you successful work.



I also thank the specialists of the Ministry of Industry and Trade of Tatarstan, as well as the organizers of Neforum, thanks to whom this trip took place.
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18 comments
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  1. V.ic
    V.ic 30 June 2016 06: 57
    +6
    20. After assembly, the helicopter is sent to the car wash, and then for painting.

    This is not a wash, but a sprinkler chamber, where leaks are detected, after which an additional sealant is applied at the leak points.
    1. Pavel1
      Pavel1 30 June 2016 07: 27
      +1
      Here is this inscription "be careful microwave" it is for whom, on the ground that the radar is turned on, for what? Or are local celestials warned in the sky?
      1. FID
        FID 30 June 2016 08: 34
        +2
        Quote: Paul1
        Here is this inscription "be careful microwave" it is for whom, on the ground that the radar is turned on, for what?

        Under the radio-transparent casing, radar: meteo, TKAS, .... During ground checks, technicians are warned of a dangerous zone ... On "citizens" planes the same thing, they just do not write on the fairings, on planes it is located higher.
  2. CONTROL
    CONTROL 30 June 2016 07: 24
    0
    Part of the equipment - from the one in the pictures - we mounted (well, I ...); and started in those years when the country was, as it were, slightly in some places ... like, like, a crisis! (the costs were decent ...) ... Or maybe it wasn’t - a crisis ... but it only seemed to us? (By the way, the same applies to other enterprises of similar industries.)
    In general, the strengthening of the "defense industry" began then and in those years when neither in the media, nor in NAT, nor in the UN - not in sleep, not in spirit!
  3. Vladimirets
    Vladimirets 30 June 2016 07: 35
    +2
    The report is simply gorgeous. good

    "A set lunch will cost less than a hundred rubles."

    One hundred rubles a wedding can be played. smile
    1. code54
      code54 30 June 2016 11: 21
      +3
      !!! good Modest for two for sure!
  4. engineer74
    engineer74 30 June 2016 09: 22
    0
    Mi-8 is our everything !!! wink
    No wonder the "golden" Mi-8 was installed in Lyubertsy!
  5. Sochi
    Sochi 30 June 2016 09: 30
    0
    Spectacular, beautiful, impressive. We are able to make world products. I do not seem to be chapels ... but proud.
  6. Dazdranagon
    Dazdranagon 30 June 2016 10: 40
    +3
    13. Please note that if ships are assembled by welding, here the main connections are still made on rivets. - in fact, from kindergarten it is known that welded joints do not tolerate vibrating loads ... hi
    1. FID
      FID 30 June 2016 10: 50
      +4
      Quote: Dazdranagon
      that welds do not tolerate vibrating loads ...

      A series of rivets stops the growth of cracks ...
  7. Papandopulo
    Papandopulo 30 June 2016 10: 41
    -9
    The first three photos are of some interest, the price of a "European" helicopter in dollars, with the terms trouble, the cats are scared, no reposting.
    1. Papandopulo
      Papandopulo 30 June 2016 12: 58
      -3
      okay, okay ... at least the basics in TATAR, and the prices are not in the local currency that Sheimiev introduced, or was it already canceled as well?
      1. Kotyara Fat
        Kotyara Fat 1 July 2016 20: 22
        0
        Kind! You do not like the basics in Tatar, the Mi-8 helicopter, the prices in their dining room? What exactly do you dislike? Factory cats? Or are you like Mr. Smolet from that cartoon?
  8. code54
    code54 30 June 2016 11: 24
    0
    On the second photo in the workshop. What are the gray fins on the ceiling? Tell me !?
  9. sub307
    sub307 30 June 2016 11: 42
    0
    Great tour! Thanks to the author.
  10. ivanovbg
    ivanovbg 30 June 2016 12: 17
    0
    Thanks for the author. The VIP helicopter from Russia turned out better than Airbus helicopters. I just don’t know if Europe is demanding access to its market for Russian helicopters and is allowing them to fly into European airspace?
  11. gladcu2
    gladcu2 30 June 2016 16: 55
    +1
    That's interesting.

    In the article, I note the following two questions.

    Level of production.

    Good. Modern. The truth is absolutely nothing new. What is visible is what should have been 20 years ago. I have been to several similar enterprises. By the way, I saw Russian delegations who examined the production and apparently not in vain.

    The second aspect.

    Social protection. Yes, under capitalism, a person goes to the enterprise to work and receives social protection. That is how one should consider applying for a job under capitalism. And in no case be confused with Soviet socialism. There, social protection was created by the state. Under capitalism, corporations.

    And this should be the norm in the moral of a modern person, the head of an enterprise, a government official.

    I repeat once again. Not just a job, but a job for social protection. Which means that if you don’t have enough money for a living, it is either the director of the enterprise who is robbing you, if necessary, or because of a low level of professionalism.

    Thus, we conclude that letting your level of payment for the same type of work be lower than that of your employee is shameful and immoral.

    Well, for schoolchildren who were told that capitalism is our everything. Corporations protect you from capitalism. Within corporations, pure socialism. And in large, Boeing-type corporations, there is internal communism, planned without monetary relationships at the level of enterprise branches. Money is given only for those who must interact in a capitalist environment.

    I hope it is clear.
    1. dionis
      dionis 3 July 2016 22: 45
      0
      Are you seriously? And it is possible in more detail.
  12. Kotyara Fat
    Kotyara Fat 1 July 2016 20: 26
    0
    Great reporting! Thanks to the author! The traditional cleanliness in the shops, pleased with the prices in the dining room, and cats ... I’m glad for colleagues from Kazan!