Military Review

Day of the partisans and underground fighters. Hero of the Soviet Union Kravchenko Fedor Iosifovich

My parents, Nedelko Grigory Vasilyevich and Andreeva Nina Nikiforovna, fought in the partisan formation AF. Fedorov, and their commander was Fedor Iosifovich Kravchenko. So I want to briefly recall his incredible life.

Kravchenko Fedor Iosifovich (4.3.1912 - 19.11.1988), commander of the partisan detachment. Bohun, a major, military intelligence officer, Hero of the Soviet Union (decree from 02.05.1945, medal No. XXUMX).

Born in s. Unarokovo Krasnodar Territory. In 1913, the parents went to look for happiness in Uruguay. In 1929, the family returned to their homeland. Kravchenko began working in Moscow at the Communist Youth International. From 1936, he was in the Red Army, and in 1937, he went to Spain, where he was a translator with the Commander Pavlov.

In 1938-1941 - an illegal intelligence officer in Mexico. it историяworthy of the movie. As a scout, he succeeded not only in the extraction of information, but also became a successful co-owner of mercury mines, and also married the daughter of a general. It remains to achieve an appointment for diplomatic work in Berlin - such was the task of the Center. But unexpectedly in October, Kravchenko's 1941, was recalled to Moscow.

Suspicions that Kravchenko was a potential defector were not confirmed, but it was already impossible to return to Mexico.

In March, 1942 was included in the reconnaissance group for operations in the German rear. For eight months the group operated in the German rear. 11 echelons were derailed, destroyed around 1500 soldiers and officers. In March, the group was taken by plane to Moscow. After healing, Kravchenko was appointed commander of the partisan detachment to them. Bohun in conjunction A. F. Fedorov. My parents had already fought there: my father was an intelligence commander (in 22 years), my mother was a nurse (19 years).

I still can not understand how the partisans survived in the winter in the woods? What ate? But they also fought, derailed trains (43 echelons!), Destroyed the German commandant's offices!

Nedelko, Grigory Vasilyevich, Kravchenko, Fedor Iosifovich and ???


For the partisans, the war ended with the Red Army entering the state border. And for Kravchenko, it continued.

The day after he was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union, Kravchenko at illegal work in France, where he was creating an agent network in Spain. For this work, Kravchenko was awarded another Order of the Red Banner.

But in 1949, he was diagnosed with stomach cancer. Kravchenko is returning to Moscow for treatment. The operation is successful, but the health does not allow working illegally. Fedor Iosifovich engaged in social work in a society of friendship with Latin American countries.

In Moscow, Kravchenko met Tamara Sergeyevna Makharadze, who became his third wife.

F. Kravchenko and Makharadze TS

Fedor Iosifovich died in 1988 year. He was buried at the Kuntsevo cemetery.

Awards: Golden Star of the hero, two orders of Lenin, two orders of the Red Banner, two orders of the Patriotic War 1-st., Order of the Red Star, the Order of the October Revolution, a medal to the Partisan of the Patriotic War 1-Art. and etc.

Alias ​​F.I. Kravchenko: Klein, aka Ronsero, Magnate, Antonio Serano.

Thirty years after the Victory. Nedelko Nina Nikiforovna and Kravchenko Fedor Iosifovich

1. Hero of the Soviet Union Kravchenko Fedor Iosifovich //
2. Kommersant from Montevideo //
3. Kravchenko Fedor Iosifovich / Intelligence and counterintelligence in persons. Publishing house "Russian world" //
4. Kravchenko, Fedor Iosifovich // Wikipedia,,_ Fedor_Iosifovich.
5. Dedicated to the heroes of the Resistance ... F. Kravchenko //
6. Odyssey Fedor Kravchenko. RVO, No. 4 (51), April 2008 //
7. From the history of Unarokovo //
8. Warfare // bugs23,

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  1. strelets
    strelets 29 June 2016 06: 35
    It is a pity that there is little data. It is clear that it’s difficult to tell a story worthy of a film (about Mexico). But some facts from the life of the partisan detachment would help revive the image. In particular, about how partisans survived in the forest in winter, and even fought. I just speak as a person with experience in journalistic work. Sorry if something is wrong.
  2. Volga Cossack
    Volga Cossack 29 June 2016 06: 35
    Eternal Memory to Partisans !!!!!! in particular, to my Grandmother Valentina and Grandfather Vasily Nefedov, the detachment commander and paramedic Dubov’s brigade. Vitebsk region .... and fought and even gave birth to my eldest uncle in the squad !!!! We Remember You !!!! Thank you for our Freedom !!!! and this is not pathos, but Memory and Pride !!!
  3. potapych
    potapych 29 June 2016 07: 49
    Yes ... Homeland rests on such people. Films based on such biographies. Glory!!!
  4. parusnik
    parusnik 29 June 2016 07: 51
    Incredible life ... In truth ... But there was more to tell .. Judging by the links .. It would be interesting .. Thank you ..
    1. Aquarius
      29 June 2016 10: 00
      Of course, you can tell much more, but that would not be my story. So I gave the links ...
  5. dv_generalov
    dv_generalov 29 June 2016 18: 23
    Glory to the hero! Here on such examples it is necessary to make films. He lived not one life, but several. And the disease won as best he could. It is a pity the article is small.
  6. jurikberlin
    jurikberlin 29 June 2016 18: 36
    all the people fought!
  7. geolive77777
    geolive77777 29 June 2016 21: 26
    Thank you for the victory, for life! Love and remember! Grandfather went missing in August 1941 in eastern Belarus.