Military Review

Do not shoot polar bears

In recent years, the Arctic region is gradually turning into an arena of not only economic, but also armed confrontation. As the Earth's climate undergoes changes and high latitudes become more livable, many countries, among them Russia, are striving to create an economic and military infrastructure there.

In just a few years, the Russian leadership has recreated the old and deployed new military bases, moreover, it opened an umbrella of anti-aircraft and missile defense over the Arctic. As part of the domestic Armed Forces, a unique unit appeared - the 80-I separate motorized rifle brigade, designed to perform tasks in the conditions of the Far North.

In the struggle for the Arctic, the United States, Canada, Norway and the United Kingdom are not lagging behind Russia; they are also actively deploying new units and subunits in their northern territories, building airfields, naval bases and other infrastructure, constantly conducting exercises.

It should be noted that countries with access to the Arctic have extensive experience in fighting in the polar regions. As early as the Cold War years, the USSR held a fairly strong strike force on the border with Norway, and the American and British marines held exercises with the Norwegians twice a year, practicing a reflection of the massive offensive of the Soviet army.

In the past few years, military confrontation from the subarctic regions gradually goes higher, approaching the North Pole. It is attractive for the deployment of various reconnaissance complexes, surveillance and warning systems, and other military infrastructure, which, in the event of the outbreak of hostilities, will have to be destroyed, and this, admittedly, is not a trivial task.

Despite the fact that under international law, the North Pole and the adjacent region of the Arctic Ocean do not belong to any country, and the five Arctic states surrounding this region - Russia, Canada, Norway, Denmark (through Greenland) and the United States have rights only to 370 -kilometer exclusive economic zone off their shores, Washington and Ottawa are conducting experiments to search for military facilities using unmanned aerial vehicles in the polar regions. To the top of the Earth began to pick up the forces of special operations. This, in particular, the fighters of the American DEVGRU, their colleagues from Canada are the military personnel of the Joint Task Force 2 and even the special forces of the British 2 CAC regiment constantly participating in joint exercises with their American colleagues.

Russia is not far behind. According to some reports, the reconnaissance-landing company, which is part of the 80 ombsbbr reconnaissance service, will be trained in combat operations on the drifting ice in the polar region, and the commanders of the command of special operations forces are beginning to develop this region.

White theater

Western special forces have so far been eyeing the North Pole, conducting various marches without practicing any combat missions. Judging by the open publications, we are talking about the first stage of spetsnaz adaptation to the pole, during which it is necessary to acquire general skills, find the right equipment and uniform.

Do not shoot polar bearsAs American and Canadian experts note, combat experience in the polar regions is hardly applicable at the pole. Attempts to implement the previously obtained developments in the Arctic were unsuccessful. Therefore, everything has to be created from scratch.

The same path was followed by the leadership of the Russian military. Work on the combat documents governing the actions of intelligence, special forces and fighters KSSO, has just begun. In the meantime, the Airborne Forces and the CSTO RRF completed several marches and parachute jumps in high latitudes.

In the spring of this year, the group of instructors of the special operations training center located in Gudermes was the first to conduct military exercises near the Barneo polar station. For four weeks, the fighters autonomously worked on various combat missions, including parachuting, conducting reconnaissance and search operations, detecting and eliminating troops of the likely enemy, his base camps.

It is safe to say that today the Russian security forces are seriously ahead of their Western colleagues in the development of the North Pole and already have a unique experience of conducting exercises and working out combat missions in this region. So what are the features of Arctic special operations? Employees of the special operations training center agreed to share their unique experience with the Military Industrial Courier.

It is believed that this region is a solid ice-snow desert with a relatively flat surface. Far from it. Everywhere a pile of hummocks, significantly impeding the movement of soldiers, especially if they are with a heavy load. In this case, the ice moves, because of which multi-kilometer cracks are often formed, which are difficult to overcome or circumvent.

Low air temperature, constantly changing weather, snow storms, polar nights are not all natural phenomena that significantly complicate the task force’s task force. At the pole, almost all of the surrounding terrain is white, which negatively affects visualization. If under normal conditions the human eye becomes attached to various objects, for example, buildings, trees, roads, other objects, then it will not work at the pole without adaptation and special preparation.

Only skis are better than feet

At present, the supply of scientific expeditions and polar stations from the mainland is carried out by planes taking off and landing on specially prepared lanes. And in the subpolar region, the main vehicles remain helicopters, snowmobiles, and special tracked vehicles, known as ratracks.

For the special forces, the most optimal way to drop into the area of ​​the pole is a parachute jump. It should be noted that the expeditionary center of the Russian Geographical Society, which has been operating in the polar region for more than ten years, annually develops a drifting ice camp - the Barneo station mentioned.

Landing at high latitudes places special demands on the equipment of the fighters, since if the clothes are not properly fitted, it is very likely to get the most severe frostbite while still in the air.

Due to problems with the visualization of the terrain when jumping, it is necessary to constantly check with the altimeter. But when less than a hundred meters is left to the ground and the device stops working, it remains to rely only on its instincts and personal experience.

Helicopters are effective at the North Pole. However, their use is also associated with certain difficulties, since during operation the machine screw raises snow and small fragments of ice into the air, which seriously impede orientation.

During the expedition to the pole, instructors of the training center worked out the tactical use of snowmobiles, which showed their best side. Having fixed the sled behind the machine, you can easily transport not only the whole group, but also its property, and if the soldiers are seated correctly, they will be ready to join the battle at any time.

And yet the North Pole is a remote area, to which the delivery of equipment is in itself a serious problem. Therefore, for the time being, foot marches and skis remain the main mode of movement.

Your white machine

Snow, hummocks and a constant white background reliably hide the enemy, so at the pole one cannot do without special sights, night vision devices, infrared illuminators and other special means of observation. But any electronics requires power sources, and in ultra-low temperatures neither batteries nor accumulators do not last long - and this is one of the biggest problems. After all, in addition to observation devices and sights, special forces troops still carry radio stations, signaling means, navigation and other electronic equipment.

As the instructors of the center admit, quite a lot of work had to be done on the “electric” problem during the exercises, but the way out of the current situation was found and everything worked stably until the end of the trip.

On the one hand, the white background helps to disguise perfectly, but on the other hand, the slightest mistake will reveal your position, because the likely adversary also uses modern means of reconnaissance and surveillance against you. Therefore, for the successful implementation of the tasks, it is necessary not only to use maskhalats, but also to mask weapon, close your gear. According to the recommendations of the center’s instructors, masking machine guns, machine guns and sniper rifles, it’s not only necessary to paint them white, because there’s little use for this, you will still see straight lines of the weapon, but apply a pattern similar to the camouflage of the maskkhalat worn on you. Standard guns paint does not withstand ultra-low temperatures, but the center’s instructors managed to select a special composition for high latitudes.

Polar Tricks

High in the mountains and in the winter forest, the problem of providing drinking water is solved quite simply - snow or ice is melted on a fire or special burners. But at the pole most of the ice is salty. Therefore, if there is no snow at hand, only knowledge of the types of ice will help: a specialist in color and texture will easily determine whether the ice is salty or fresh.

But the problem of drinking water at the pole is not as acute as on the mainland. Properly chosen clothing, combined with low temperatures, even with heavy physical exertion, does not cause excessive sweating, and the body loses fluid not as actively as, for example, in the mountains.

For the same reason, for the fulfillment of the assigned tasks, the special forces officers should not put on softshel jackets and trousers that take moisture well, but membrane suits, which are much safer to protect from the wind.

As one of the instructors of the center noted, at the North Pole the best way to quench thirst, oddly enough, cola-type carbonated drinks. Of course, taking a soda on a combat mission is not worth it, but under camp conditions it can be used freely.

When working at the pole, different sublimated products are not recommended. In general, a special diet is needed here, selected on the basis of the physiological characteristics of each person. It is important to combine high-calorie and high-energy food. According to the instructors, chocolate and meat chips performed well.

In conditions of the pole it is not recommended to use tents, since even a good fabric does not allow to keep heat for long periods at low temperatures, combined with a strong wind. It will not save the tent from the attack of polar bears, for whom breaking the protective material is not difficult. Therefore, it is necessary to build special shelters of snow, similar to the Eskimo igloo. Let them be constructed a little longer than putting up a tent, but they provide a comfortable temperature inside and with proper construction they withstand an adult beast.

When deploying a camp, it is necessary to set security not only to protect against the enemy, but also to prevent polar bears from attacking. For the same reason, personal weapons should always be with you, because bears are less predictable and, therefore, more dangerous than enemy special forces. But the main task when meeting with the Red Book animal is to drive away, not kill.
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  1. The black
    The black 3 July 2016 07: 02
    The Arctic has huge reserves of natural resources. According to preliminary data, the total cost of only explored natural resources of the Russian Arctic alone is estimated at $ 30 trillion.

    It is clear that these natural treasures may become the main development of the Russian economy in the coming decades. But this requires the development of the infrastructure of the Arctic regions, as well as ensuring their sovereignty over them.

    ... Separate admiration and gratitude hi the guys who serve there.!
    1. Temples
      Temples 3 July 2016 07: 56
      The guys are certainly great.
      Our north.

      On the maps of the USSR there were specific borders of the Union with the North Pole.
      And it is this fact that needs to be fixed in the minds of all mankind and progressive and not very, and civilized and free from prejudice, and black and yellow. Everyone should understand this fact.

      And this should be the main locomotive for the development of our north in my opinion.

      But regarding the economy, many questions arise.
      Now the oil industry is completely private. (the state has only a part unfortunately).
      So it turns out that private shareholders (not freeloaders !!! partners!) At our expense and on the shoulders of the guys of employees are moving into the Arctic.
      Sitting at the same time in their own warm houses, koi are often outside the Russian borders.
      Not a penny of their own money investing at the same time.
      No matter how not personally participating in this process.
      But part of the income from the development will certainly receive!

      Here is such an economy, gobble up their white bear. (shareholders)
      1. NIKNN
        NIKNN 3 July 2016 15: 41
        Quote: Black
        According to preliminary data, the total cost of only explored natural resources of the Russian Arctic alone is estimated at $ 30 trillion

        States have mastered half of this amount (US public debt) without investing a dime in the Arctic.
        Yes, and they have problems with equipment, some non-freezing diapers are worth what? :)
    2. Banishing liberoids
      Banishing liberoids 3 July 2016 08: 14
      Black, let these natural riches lie there, otherwise our managers will sell it for a pittance.
      1. Nyrobsky
        Nyrobsky 3 July 2016 08: 51
        Quote: Exorcist Liberoids
        Black, let these natural riches lie there, otherwise our managers will sell it for a pittance.

        They will not let them lie there.
        Too many people want to paw on these resources. And therefore, we must increase our presence and the necessary infrastructure.
  2. Very old
    Very old 3 July 2016 07: 05
    About those who are eager to ride the top of the earth: show me a point on the globe where the interests of the LSS are not revealed
    (Passionately Stinging ...)
    1. lelikas
      lelikas 3 July 2016 12: 56
      I read the article, everything seems sensible, but the feeling that it was written for housewives;).
  3. avg-mgn
    avg-mgn 3 July 2016 07: 09
    Thanks to the author, but yesterday there was an article on this topic at VO, so there, in my opinion, the problems of service in the Arctic are covered more widely and from a slightly different angle. Nevertheless +.
    And I recommend the article "Polar insufficiency" - link:
    1. Vladimirets
      Vladimirets 3 July 2016 07: 55
      Quote: avg-mgn
      yesterday there was an article on this topic at VO, so, in my opinion, the problems of service in the Arctic are covered more widely and somewhat from a different angle.

      I also thought about it.

      "combine high-calorie and high-energy foods."

      In fact, this is one and the same. yes
  4. kartalovkolya
    kartalovkolya 3 July 2016 07: 10
    An interesting and informative article! It is very good that our leadership, unlike the previous ones, understands the importance of the circumpolar northern latitudes! In the defense of the country there should not be the slightest gap for the enemy! And natural resources play the same important role!
  5. Coconut
    Coconut 3 July 2016 07: 13
    Pass only for Russians lol
    1. Monarchist
      Monarchist 3 July 2016 07: 55
      Cool picture: polar bears guard the interests of Russia
  6. atamankko
    atamankko 3 July 2016 07: 42
    The Arctic requires a lot of effort and cost, but it pays off,
    when it begins to make a profit for Russia with its wealth.
    1. _NortoN_
      _NortoN_ 3 July 2016 07: 52
      she already brings
    2. yuriy55
      yuriy55 3 July 2016 09: 56
      Quote: atamankko
      The Arctic requires a lot of effort and cost,but it will pay off...

      At one time, Siberia and the Far East demanded costs ... I even know the people who built the BAM ...
      So what? Everything paid off?
  7. Mountain shooter
    Mountain shooter 3 July 2016 07: 56
    And what caliber trunks you need to have from polar bears wassat ? From a standard "Kalash", a three-meter beast weighing a ton is unlikely to take.
    Shown recently the invasion of such "bears" in a village in Canada. There, people were saved by the fact that the stairs to the second floor of the beast could not stand it, collapsed! Then they filled it up from the "big man". For a polar bear, a person in its habitat is an ordinary game. How can he, a fool, explain that a small but tasty smelling goat is dangerous and you shouldn't approach her?
    1. Vladimirets
      Vladimirets 3 July 2016 07: 59
      Quote: Mountain Shooter
      And what caliber trunks you need to have from polar bears

      Best of all .700NE. smile
    2. Banishing liberoids
      Banishing liberoids 3 July 2016 08: 19
      The mountain shooter is actually looking where he is aiming, and besides, why kill the bro of our brown bear if he is also afraid of loud noise and, with a strong desire, he can be driven away from home.
      1. Vladimirets
        Vladimirets 3 July 2016 08: 28
        Quote: Exorcist Liberoids
        with a strong desire, you can drive away from home.

        Well, that's a polar bear specialist. laughing
        1. Nyrobsky
          Nyrobsky 3 July 2016 09: 23
          Quote: Expelling Liberoids
          with a strong desire, you can drive away from home.
          Well, that's a polar bear specialist.

          So yes, unlike the brown bear, the white one does not fear the man and perceives him as an O-very big penguin)))
          Therefore, in addition to weapons, given the polar bear status of a polar bear, the presence of any adaptations with a light and noise effect will be justified. The main thing is to have time to use them.
          As for the shooting, yes, it all depends on the shooter.
          An acquaintance fell under a brown bear after 7 shots from Saigi 5,45X39 and only the presence of a partner with a smoothbore corrected the situation and saved the hunter from serious injuries.
    3. iliitchitch
      iliitchitch 3 July 2016 09: 13
      Quote: Mountain Shooter
      And what caliber barrels should you have from polar bears? From a standard "Kalash", a three-meter beast weighing a ton is unlikely to take.

      Why bring down? You can scare half to death, forget for a long time how to consider a person as a second dish. Something like a good old rocket launcher, if it locks (shoot at the body, if you have time).
  8. The black
    The black 3 July 2016 08: 04
    And what caliber trunks do you need from polar bears?
    Better to have good skis ... wassat
  9. Denis Obukhov
    Denis Obukhov 3 July 2016 08: 42
    The story that will be discussed in the post happened three years ago. The employees of the Valkarkay station shared a photo with me. The decision to open fire for defeat was forced, and he was preceded by two days of running around when the bear tore the dog and hunted for the inhabitants of the polar station.

    The bear came along the shore in the evening. Typically, bears roam the coast in search of seals:

    Dogs were the first to react and rushed to drive the bear away. One of them did not have time to dodge, the bear killed her with one blow and began to eat

    In the evening people came out and tried to drive the bear away. Ordinary bears are affected by fire (torch) and loud sound (strikes on metal barrels). But this one, sensing blood and food, did not leave.

    By the way, none of the employees of the polar station have weapons - not allowed

    For a while, the bear ran away from the station.

    Then the bear came back again and started popping through the windows

    In the morning they tried to drive him out again, but he only cut circles around the station

    After sunrise, two employees of the station went out to chase a predator, but he threw himself at them and drove them to the roof (they did not have time to reach the house). As a result, the guys stayed there all day. The men began to disassemble the chimney and throw bricks, but the bear was like camaro bites

    Then the bear returned to the place of the murder of the dog and lay on it waiting for new prey

    Station staff contacted Pevek via radio, from where armed police officers arrived. They decided to kill the animal. It became clear: the bear sensed food, blood, and even if it leaves today, it will definitely return

    The all-terrain vehicle chase began

    The bear ran to the ice. He had the opportunity to leave, but he moved back to the station

    As a result, they drove him into the tundra and shot him. A total of 9 rifle shots were made before he gave up his breath

    When the bear cooled down, it was put on a sled, skinned and taken to the station

    I understand that it’s a pity for the bear, but often in harsh conditions there is no other way
    1. Captain45
      Captain45 3 July 2016 17: 27
      Quote: Denis Obukhov
      By the way, none of the employees of the polar station have weapons - not allowed

      It’s not enough to believe that not a single carbine or rifle was found at the polar station. They actually have to have firearms in the state.
  10. rf xnumx
    rf xnumx 3 July 2016 09: 07
    Do not shoot polar bears
    They are "our" smile
  11. TsUS-Air Force
    TsUS-Air Force 3 July 2016 16: 12
    and the husband let out some kind of weapon, supposedly traumatic, so that the soldier does not kill but drives away the Red Book animals?
    1. Mikhail Krapivin
      Mikhail Krapivin 3 July 2016 16: 24
      Quote: NOC-VVS
      and the husband let out some kind of weapon, supposedly traumatic, so that the soldier does not kill but drives away the Red Book animals?

      Great idea, the bear will be hurt. "The bear cried, but ate."
      1. TsUS-Air Force
        TsUS-Air Force 3 July 2016 16: 36
        not, well, it’s written that the weapon is to scare away since it is impossible to kill. that’s such a trauma that is so frightening
  12. Captain45
    Captain45 3 July 2016 17: 36
    Quote: NOC-VVS
    and the husband let out some kind of weapon, supposedly traumatic, so that the soldier does not kill but drives away the Red Book animals?

    About a month ago, I watched a documentary film about the Trefoil base on the Novosibirsk Islands, so they have a special civilian hunting specialist at the base who drives the polar bears away from the territory and from the base, drives the bears on a snowmobile with a gun -farther from the base.
  13. Vladimir Vladimirovich Medvedev
    Vladimir Vladimirovich Medvedev 3 July 2016 19: 00
    To hell with a motorized rifle division at the pole, if it can be covered with a missile shield?
  14. Weyland
    Weyland 3 July 2016 22: 17
    But the main task when meeting with the Red Book animal is to drive away, not kill.

    Yeah ... "If you are attacked by a polar bear - humble yourself: the law is on its side!"(from)
  15. Above_name
    Above_name 4 July 2016 01: 42
    .... at the North Pole it is best to quench thirst, oddly enough, soda drinks like cola ....

    Not all carbonated drinks in the cold quench your thirst, and certainly not like Cola.
  16. ksv36
    ksv36 4 July 2016 13: 18
    "Due to the problems with visualizing the terrain when jumping, you must constantly check with the altimeter. But when the ground is less than a hundred meters away and the device stops working, you can only rely on your instincts and personal experience."

    Then I thought: it would be possible to shoot some kind of marker from the rocket launcher to the bottom, for painting the surface of the ice, for visualization. Like a paintball ball, or better, probably, a paint ball based on dry powder. The same used (to save) toner from printers smile
  17. Alisher
    Alisher 4 July 2016 17: 11
    Known joke:
    Two polar explorers are walking along the shore far from the station. Suddenly they see a polar bear coming towards them, but they have no weapons. The old polar explorer resets his high boots, and quickly pulls up the running sneakers. The young polar explorer says: Petrovich, he won’t help, the bear runs faster than the horse. The old polar explorer answers: it’s not important for me to be the first, the main thing is not to be the last.
    When one traveler went skiing to the pole, he took with him cans with a burning mixture, such as red pepper, he did not take weapons. It is believed that it works better for dogs and drunkards, he saw Bears, but only from afar. Lucky.