Military Review

The economic "bouquet" of post-Soviet Moldova

37
"Military Review" continues to publish materials on economic and demographic issues in the post-Soviet countries. Next in line is Moldova, which recently has come to power, seeking to hook, by hook or by crook, to drag the country into the bosom of the “blue dream” - the European Union, being willing to let such an introduction, dragging and pulling into as part of Romania. This is understandable - if even the judges of the constitutional court have Romanian passports in their pockets, then another declared course is poorly predicted.


Last week German radio station Deutsche Welle presented a material that reflects one of the segments of Moldovan demography. This is a migration crisis. And if for the EU countries the crisis is the influx of migrants from other countries, then for Moldova everything is exactly the opposite. The country itself is a migrant donor, becoming empty at a frightening pace.

If you believe the information of the mentioned German source, which, by the way, refers to the Moldovan press, then official Chisinau has something to think hard about. 106 people leave the country daily. About 20% of this number do not return back to Moldova at all, and the rest, if they return, only in short breaks in work on the territory of foreign states. With a country's population of less than 3 million (according to the 2014 census, together with the Transnistrian Moldavian Republic), last year 2200 left Moldova for permanent residence abroad. According to Moldovan sources, every third of this number is a specialist with a sufficiently high qualification (doctors, teachers, employees of the banking sector). Moreover, there is a tendency according to which the number of people leaving for work or permanent residence from the Republic of Moldova increases annually, and we are talking mostly about young people. In the first half of this year alone, the number of Moldovan émigrés was about 19 thousand. This is the approximate number of such cities of Moldova, as, for example, Drochia or Falesti.

Over the past 12 years, Moldova has lost more than 17% of the population (a reduction from 3,5 million to 2,9 million citizens). This is a real demographic failure, which exacerbates the already complicated situation in the Moldovan economy.

Where are the citizens of Moldova going, whose leadership continues to insist that the majority of the people in the country approve plans for European integration and contacts with the North Atlantic military bloc? The leading position among the countries that choose Moldavian citizens leaving for work and for life is the Russian Federation. Of the 2,2 thousands of 1 citizens who left the Republic of Moldova, a thousand people decided to settle in Russia (these are Moldovan statistics). Statistics FMS of the Russian Federation says 5 thousands of citizens of Moldova who moved to relocate to Russia under the program of resettlement of compatriots. The three most popular among Moldovan citizens are Israel and Germany. Already among the Russian regions to which the Moldovans go, Moscow, the Moscow region and the Voronezh region are leading.

The first powerful blow that the demographic trend has inflicted on the country concerns an aging population. For the countries of the European continent, such a problem is almost universal, but in Moldova the situation is close to critical. The National Social Insurance House of Moldova publishes data that the number of pensioners in the country has reached 82,5% of the working population (660 thousand and 800 thousand, respectively). The massive outflow of young people from the country, according to the statistical services of Moldova, by the year 2020 can lead to a collapse of the pension system, since each retired person will have one pensioner.

To try to fix something in terms of accumulating funds of the pension fund, a legislative initiative to raise the retirement age has already worked in the country. Women in Moldova go on a well-deserved rest in 57 years, men - in 62. And this is against the background of a significant level of unemployment in the country. In 2011, almost every tenth citizen of the country was officially considered unemployed. Currently, the Moldovan unemployment rate is approximately 7%. It would seem that not so much, but the fact is that the figure is somewhat evil. After all, the able-bodied and young population of the country leaves Moldova, and the unemployment rate takes into account the situation with those who are registered in the employment centers of Moldova itself. In other words, if all Moldavian guest workers returned to their homeland, then the Moldovan statistics services would, by definition, record a surge in the level of unemployment.

After the rise of the retirement age by the Moldovan authorities, the leadership of the World Bank “strongly recommends” Chisinau to go one step further in the pension reform, since so far the retirement age has not had a due effect on the economy. The real sector last year sank more than 3%, and the downward trend continues. The step is to make the same level of retirement for men and women - 62 of the year for everyone. For obvious reasons, this causes discontent among citizens, who are well aware that the authorities in the country are simply unable to find at least some effective measures to reverse the situation in the economy.

So far, the situation in the Moldovan financial and economic system is such that foreign debt has already exceeded 100% of GDP. At the end of 2015, Moldovan and international economic institutions reported on the increased level of foreign borrowing and overcoming the psychological level. According to one estimate, the external debt of Moldova is 100,5% of GDP, according to other data it is 101,4%. This suggests that every resident of the country (including old people and babies) owes foreign banks an amount exceeding the annual average per capita income level. With the constant growth trend in foreign debt volumes against the background of high unemployment rates and the lack of plans for statesmen to improve the national economy, the situation with demography is also unlikely to improve.

And after the results of the British referendum, the question of Moldova’s membership in the European Union, which was issued in Chisinau almost a panacea for all economic turmoil, did “turn over”. We should not forget that today, de facto, there is not even a single Moldavia as such. The issue of relations between Chisinau and Tiraspol is still not resolved in a productive manner. All this heats the already hot summer air of the Republic of Moldova even more, where the support of opposition forces and moods is gaining momentum.

From the statement of one of the opposition leaders of Moldova Renato Usaty (chairman of "Our Party"):
The convenient "European integration", which politicians in Moldova covered up theft and inefficiency, has lost all meaning.


The economic "bouquet" of post-Soviet Moldova


What are the meanings to look for the Moldovan official authorities? ..
Author:
Photos used:
https://new.vk.com/mgbalti?z=albums340284705
37 comments
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  1. Mavrikiy
    Mavrikiy 27 June 2016 06: 20
    +4
    There are no miracles in life. Artificial formations are not viable.
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. siberalt
      siberalt 27 June 2016 10: 24
      +2
      "106 people leave Moldova every day, of which 20% do not return"
      Yeah, that way, the three million population of Moldova will last for 400 years, if they give birth as much as they die. As for "being drawn into Romania," let the Gagauzians ask about this at least.
      As soon as the Odessa region gains at least autonomous independence from Kuev, the "pro-Romanian" government of Moldova will change.
  2. parusnik
    parusnik 27 June 2016 06: 22
    +19
    I remember .. at the sunset of perestroika .. we’ll totalitarianism, we will feed ourselves, and we will feed the rest .. Give freedom .. We got it .. the first thing we started from, they began to shoot each other, and then they left the country, went to work .. And why such freedom ..?
    1. Alexander Romanov
      Alexander Romanov 27 June 2016 06: 36
      +10
      Quote: parusnik
      I remember .. at the sunset of perestroika .. down totalitarianism, we will feed ourselves, and even the rest we will feed .. Give freedom.

      I remember you badly, but it doesn’t matter. Let me remind you that in a referendum for the preservation of the USSR, an absolute majority voted, including the inhabitants of Moldova. And those who screamed to feed themselves were a complete minority.
      1. inkass_98
        inkass_98 27 June 2016 06: 56
        +5
        Yes, we remember normally. Just gulped and won in the end, not without the help of the Bialowieza trinity. And they have what they have because they have to think with their head, and not voice cheat sheets from Uncle Sam.
        1. Hayer 31
          Hayer 31 28 June 2016 11: 09
          0
          Uncle Sem built the Yeltsin Museum in Yekaterinburg?
      2. parusnik
        parusnik 27 June 2016 08: 03
        +5
        Alexander Romanov Not finished by the end .. minority .. but they won .. They got the freedom .. They just don’t know what to do with it .. and to this day .. Yes, and I hardly remember the rallies about the preservation of the USSR .. I somehow saw more. . on the topic .. let's take a run ...
      3. Kenneth
        Kenneth 27 June 2016 08: 17
        +1
        And those who did not scream that they wanted to feed themselves so that Russia would continue to feed them.
      4. ohtandur
        ohtandur 27 June 2016 17: 38
        +1
        exactly. But the minority screamed very loudly "stop feeding Moscow." In the late 80s, the nationalists raised a very strong wave, against the background of Chernobyl (which many admit disappointed the authorities - deception, hiding information), this all worsened and even was a kind of argument that something needs to be changed. Little understood how to change. The nationalists suggested. And many believed them. On the day of the declaration of independence, there was a record number of people gathered in the main square of Chisinau. Since then, for 20 years, they have never been able to repeat that meeting - people no longer believed in this square. And with each new gathering, more and more apathy, indifference and indifference are growing among the people, born of the fact that nothing changes to all protests. A greater number of people gathered only last year when they believed at the moment that we might change something this time. But after that, even greater apathy arose. I used to think that there are recipes for rectifying the situation. Now - I don't know what can be done.
      5. Arkadiusz
        Arkadiusz 28 June 2016 03: 00
        0
        No referendum was held in MSSR
    2. Zoldat_A
      Zoldat_A 27 June 2016 06: 45
      +8
      Quote: parusnik
      I remember .. at the sunset of perestroika .. we’ll totalitarianism, we will feed ourselves, and we will feed the rest .. Give freedom .. We got it .. the first thing we started from, they began to shoot each other, and then they left the country, went to work .. And why such freedom ..?

      And what was the "Bouquet of Moldova"! "White Stork" ... Juices were made no worse than Hungarian ones ... They would make juices, wine, cognac, live on a decent agrarian segment (not an "appendage" !!!) under Russia - and everything would be fine with them. No, give them an increase in national identity, give them independence! ... Now they are asking for Romania - they think it will be better there ... HA! When the Union was a large collective farm, a millionaire, they will now become a poor, impoverished outskirts of a poor Romania. Three million dollars were stolen from the budget - the budget collapsed ... Well, they made the choice themselves ...
      1. Altona
        Altona 27 June 2016 09: 07
        +7
        Quote: Zoldat_A
        And what was the "Bouquet of Moldova"! "White stork" ... Juices were made no worse than Hungarian ones ... They would make juices, wine, cognac, live on a worthy agrarian segment (not an "appendage" !!!)

        ------------------------------------
        I remember the "Fluerash" cigarettes and Moldavian Marlboro, it was good tobacco, I started smoking then. Now I do not smoke and I do not advise anyone, there is still no normal tobacco in cigarettes, there is only one muck.
        1. alexej123
          alexej123 27 June 2016 11: 37
          +4
          And the Temp cigarettes cost 1 ruble, the most expensive. I also started smoking then, and now I smoke, I envy those who do not smoke. crying
          1. zennon
            zennon 27 June 2016 17: 30
            +1
            Quote: alexej123
            And the Temp cigarettes cost 1 ruble, the most expensive. I also started smoking then, and now I smoke, I envy those who do not smoke. crying

            Yesterday it was exactly 30 years since I quit smoking. I argued with a friend for 2 bottles of cognac. Well, remember, anti-alcoholic company, you couldn't get anything. I had to quit! The Mexican football championship was going on. Well, this is when the USSR-Hungary 6- 0.A smoked "Prima" without a filter. From the army got used to. In the GSVG issued "Hutsul", "Hunting", "North

            ". Looking back in time, I can say that I quit smoking is the smartest thing I have done in my life. What would have happened to me if I smoked a pack a day for another 30 years?! Brr." ..
          2. ohtandur
            ohtandur 27 June 2016 17: 42
            0
            now these cigarettes are smoked only by the poor in the villages.
          3. Orionvit
            Orionvit 27 June 2016 21: 59
            +2
            As Mark Twain used to say "Quitting smoking? There is nothing easier, I myself quit a hundred times." But joke as a joke, in fact it is easy. You just drop it and that's it. I've been smoking for 23 years. then he smoked two cigarettes from the pack and said no. A pack of cigarettes without perfume has been lying for six years as a memory. You just need to tell yourself that you don't need it.
      2. ohtandur
        ohtandur 27 June 2016 17: 41
        +1
        three billion were stolen. And the real segment - industry collapsed in the first half of the 90s. Agriculture lasted 5-10 years longer but also in descending order. The entire network of the irrigation system was also destroyed in the early 90s. Now even there is no normal service of the anti-hail, but I remember - it was.
      3. igoryok1984
        igoryok1984 27 June 2016 22: 21
        0
        "Bouquet of Moldova" and "White Stork" are still being made here and it is in demand)
    3. Orionvit
      Orionvit 27 June 2016 21: 52
      0
      Well, they started shooting not only in Ukraine or Moldova, but also in practically all "fraternal" republics. And we must remember that all this is not because people are somehow different, but at the suggestion of Western special services.
  3. Banishing liberoids
    Banishing liberoids 27 June 2016 06: 39
    0
    That’s what the Muldovans are climbing into the EU - paradise there? They ruined the USSR, and reap the fruits of their criminal short-sightedness.
    1. Blondy
      Blondy 27 June 2016 06: 54
      +8
      That’s what the Muldovans are climbing into the EU - paradise there? They ruined the USSR, and reap the fruits of their criminal short-sightedness.
      Well, just don’t need to hang up the collapse of the USSR on Moldavians either.
    2. Arkadiusz
      Arkadiusz 28 June 2016 03: 01
      0
      Criminal shortsightedness?
  4. ltc35
    ltc35 27 June 2016 06: 59
    +16
    In Soviet times, Moldova was a prosperous republic. The abundance of vegetables, fruits, and wine made it a showcase of socialist life. Everything has changed with the restructuring. Moldavians at once introduced the Latin alphabet and suddenly remembered that they were one people with the Romanians, completely forgetting that the Moldovans always considered the same Romanians to be second-rate people ...
    1. Arkadiusz
      Arkadiusz 28 June 2016 03: 02
      0
      Did the Romanians tell you this?
  5. olimpiada15
    olimpiada15 27 June 2016 07: 29
    +6
    The collapse of the USSR was a crime against the country and people.
    There was a country connected by a common economy, general laws. If we could start the partition of the country in a civilized manner, discussing economic issues, taking into account the opinion and will of the people, then no disintegration would simply happen, because it was unprofitable for everyone. In addition to individual unprincipled, stupid, but with delusions of grandeur instances. Yes, as you know, fools are not able to understand their stupidity. So at the head of the new states became traitors to the interests of the people. For the sake of what, but in order to become heads of state. The fact that the state may not take place did not bother them. This is the opinion of representatives of different nations.
    And Moldova was offended by Gorbachev. She became a victim of the anti-alcohol campaign, although the production of grape wines, which was widespread in the USSR, had nothing to do with it because grape wines were practically not sold in the country, with the exception of the south and the capital. Drunk from drinking vodka and all kinds of chatters. But in Moldova, elite vineyards were cut down, the fruit of the painstaking labor of specialists and the whole people, the basis of the region’s economy.
    Unification with Romania is another crime against the people of this region. For the composition of the population in the republic has always been multinational Gagauz, Ukrainians, Russians, Bulgarians, etc. And there is no economic sense in this reunion with Romania.
    The methods of solving the national question by the ruling circles of the USSR were indeed a nationalist bomb that exploded when the government rusted, making numerous sacrifices. Moldova is Bessarabia, where a community from different nationalities has traditionally lived and should have remained what it was.
  6. samarin1969
    samarin1969 27 June 2016 07: 36
    +5
    I remember Moldavia in the army: funny, hardworking guys who were quite friendly with .... And a couple of years later, cruel events took place in the PMR.
    The review, by the way, is more about demography than the economy ... From the Moldavian "prom" in Crimea there is only terrible wine in beautiful bottles and the spontaneous "Moldovan" semi-criminal hlamtorg.
    1. olimpiada15
      olimpiada15 27 June 2016 14: 42
      +5
      Quote: samarin1969
      From the Moldavian "prom" in Crimea, only terrible wine in beautiful bottles

      Winemaking in MR was destroyed during the period of the anti-alcohol company. Which objectively could not but cause people to be rejected. The main reason why it was necessary to cut down the vineyards !!! This is just a crime.
      In 1944, my mother entered Timiryazevka, without her consent the documents were sent to Chisinau, and after that she had to go there herself, studying for a winemaker. She worked as the main winemaker, the wine received medals, the enterprise was the supplier of the Kremlin. We arrived in Russia; by profession, she could not get a job. In the city there was an enterprise where there was a wine bottling workshop, but a specialist with a higher education was not needed there, because as a result of manipulations, the quality of wine corresponding to the chat went to the distribution network.
      In Moldova there are no vineyards or specialists left, where will the real wine come from? Winemaking is an art. And nobody will revive it, because EU competitors are not needed.
      They offended people, set them against each other, shared with spilled blood, and in the name of what? For the sake of the EU? The EU is a dream covered with a copper basin, Romania is a second-rate nation for Europeans, for whom Moldovans will be the third grade. The people there are not just poor, they have violated all conceivable and unimaginable rights. The last elections, 15 ballots were allocated to the entire contingent of guest workers in the Russian Federation, people stood at the consulate all day, but they were not allowed to vote. This is the kind of democracy the EU has.
      1. ohtandur
        ohtandur 27 June 2016 17: 48
        +4
        Yes, Gorby ruined our winemaking very cruelly, unique grape varieties were lost. Even the dining room was destroyed. Now we just remember the varieties that were .. from the dining room we have almost 90% Turkish.

        But I want to draw the attention of forum users that Moldova was not only an agricultural showcase of the USSR. In recent years, we have had very strong microelectronics. Universities for the cadre ... something was done for the defense industry. There were lines for astronautics. Also in Moldova, food for astronauts was developed and produced. But all this is in the past. None of this is from the word at all.
  7. Kenneth
    Kenneth 27 June 2016 08: 18
    +1
    And how to translate the crank mechanism into the Moldavian term
    1. siberalt
      siberalt 27 June 2016 18: 40
      0
      And how to translate "smoother letak" from Ukrainian into Russian? laughing In the world, positivnye concepts in science come from the Greek or Roman languages. In Moldavian, the basis is Roman, so what? By the way, the Moldavian language is much easier to learn than Ukrainian or Kazakh.
  8. Aleksander
    Aleksander 27 June 2016 08: 27
    +5
    Moldova today is a Western-run, completely non-independent region. Billions of loans come from there, from there, respectively, and instructions on how to live.
    Moldova is a small country, which is probably why the West does not even bother with the pseudo-democratic surroundings of its decisions for it, just bending it as he wants and where. It acts stupidly, rudely, ridiculously, the main valuable quality of the leaders of Moldova is that they are anti-Russian. Everything else doesn’t matter, you can be a thief, a gangster, etc.
    Examples of the sea:
    -the day before the elections, the largest anti-Western party was removed on a ridiculous pretext-the West approved (otherwise it would have "flown" in the elections),
    -western coalition publicly stole billion dollars from the budget, corruption of everything and everyone - the West chided at the level "Ay-yai-yay !, but let them rule further! ",
    - the indignant people, from ardent Nazis to communists in ONE WAY left "FOR early re-election of thieves! "-The West says:" You can't rock the boat during "reforms", no elections! "
    -the oligarch bought 14 communist deputies of Parliament (T. VARI's comment!) - no, this is not corruption, this is CONSOLIDATION "! (in the West),
    a group of oligarchs, which 99% of the people of Moldova do not accept, came to the State Department and receives a label for reigning: "We trust them to carry out reforms and they WILL carry out and lead them!"
    Etc.
    The West, by its actions, infuriates and turns people away from itself ... (it is clear that not everyone, but nonetheless ..)
  9. avg-mgn
    avg-mgn 27 June 2016 08: 44
    +4
    Immediately after the collapse of the union, I had to go to Chisinau. I did not recognize people, did not recognize the city. Street signs in Moldavian only. Russian speech is almost inaudible in the city, a piece of sausage is thrown at you in the store, though rubles have been pulled out of your hands. They don’t answer the questions how they look at the occupier. This is me to what the Moldavians wanted - to stay or leave? Personally, I then understood - to leave, and now I have not changed my opinion.
  10. evil partisan
    evil partisan 27 June 2016 09: 02
    +2
    That is, if I understand correctly, in order to join the EU, you must first cover yourself with asshole ... what
    1. Kenneth
      Kenneth 27 June 2016 10: 48
      +3
      Not necessary. You can first join the EU
  11. Petrik66
    Petrik66 27 June 2016 10: 18
    +6
    In the late 80s I had the "good fortune" to live there and I remember the shouts "Suitcase, Station, Russia" very well. I remember speeches at rallies: Under the Romanians we (Moldavians) wore white suits, and now (under the Russians) we wear quilted jackets. The problem with the Moldovans is that no one needs them, neither the EU nor Russia. Banana republic. "According to your faith be it unto you" .... Matthew 9:29.
    1. ohtandur
      ohtandur 27 June 2016 17: 56
      +3
      Quote: Petrik66
      Under the Romanians, we (Moldavians) wore white suits, and now (with the Russians) we go in quilted jackets.

      Nuu this, dear, could only say the stoned degenerates of which there was a minority, even among the nationalists. Common people - villagers, remember very well the "kindness" of Romanians. I will give specific examples:
      1. My grandmother worked for a Romanian boyar, always recalled with anger that period and his bullying.
      2. The husband of my aunt, who was a teenager, also ate Romanian sticks, told their behavior and statements.
      3. My ex-wife's grandmother, who lived in another village, at the word "Romanian" immediately began to shout and be indignant.
      The new generation is no longer trying to remember this, many do not know. I still remember. This memory will die in the next generation. But we remember. So "white suits" are no longer funny, well, maybe some real Romanian or a collaborator.
  12. zoknyay82
    zoknyay82 27 June 2016 10: 38
    +8
    Few people today want to remember the fate of Russian specialists who fell by distribution after graduation to the former republics of the USSR, where partly settled. In those very distant times, many were thrown out of apartments, property was taken away, and some were killed. I remember the media often mentioned in this regard such nice countries as Tajikistan and Moldova. So now the dear citizens of these countries climb like cockroaches to our homeland. What for? After all, they hate the Russians so much.
    1. Kenneth
      Kenneth 27 June 2016 14: 20
      +1
      Because as in a joke. I really want to eat.
  13. Lord blacwood
    Lord blacwood 27 June 2016 17: 18
    +1
    Under the USSR, Moldova was, if not the richest, then at least a stable republic, and now the poorest country in Europe. Although all the republics that left the USSR (except for the Russian Federation, the Republic of Belarus, and Kazakhstan) have similar problems.
  14. Unreal
    Unreal 27 June 2016 17: 33
    +1
    Normal people live in Moldova, normal in Russia, normal people lived in the USSR ... just people are trusting, simple. The people were circled around by the scorched wolves of Western civilization who had been feeding from the colonies for millennia. They ruined a huge labor country, cut it into pieces, and quarreled with one another.

    One should not gloat, “these Moldovans want to integrate with Europe, you will get it”. And to do something about this, with all available forces to oppose the puppets of the West in the leadership of the republics. And of course, to support Putin in the main battle for Russian sovereignty.
  15. Arkadiusz
    Arkadiusz 28 June 2016 02: 54
    +1
    Everyone makes a mistake considering the events of the beginning of the 90s in Moldova as a mistake of Moldavians. Allegedly misled.
    In fact, it was not so. Moldovans did this consciously. It’s just that Russians have a widespread idea that Moldovans had everything to be happy with life, no one thought why they did it.
    Briefly why they did it. While Moldovans were under the Russians, he lost 1/3 of the country including the Black Sea and Danube coast that was presented to Ukraine. Stalin's repressions, famine and other shots. They made Mollavan second-rate in their country, excluding Moldavian from the country's business community. All leading posts in the country were held by Russians or Russian speakers. Housing also, first issued to non-Moldavians.
    Legends about throwing people from apartments and murders are the remnants of Transnistrian propaganda. Moldova probably had the most peaceful protests for independence

    I love Moldova. Not for you Caucasians, blacks, Arabs or Central Asians.