Military Review

Shanghai Cooperation Organization is following the path suggested by Russia

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Among the main News In recent days, a special place has been occupied by reports on the anniversary, fifteenth, summit of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) in Tashkent. Commentators note that at a meeting in the Uzbek capital, the leaders of the SCO member countries signed a memorandum on joining the organization of India and Pakistan. The Shanghai Cooperation Organization is turning into the Asian Big Eight states, representing half the world's population.


Shanghai Cooperation Organization is following the path suggested by Russia


It all started with border disputes ...

The meeting in Tashkent prompted observers to compare the outcome of the SCO summit with the European Brexit. In one case, the organization expands, showing the world its increasing opportunities. In the other, it shrinks, threatening internal degradation, if not a complete collapse.

This lively comparison is just a mirror reflection of the current state of the SCO. Over the years of its existence, the organization has gone a great distance from the resolution of border disputes to deep political cooperation. At last year’s summit in Russian Ufa, which launched the procedure for joining the organization of India and Pakistan, President of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov told Vladimir Putin during their bilateral meeting: “Joining the SCO weapon, - India and Pakistan - will not just change the political map, but may also affect the balance of power in the world arena. ”

Such are the ambitions of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, expressed by one of the founders of this association of Asian states. By the way, Uzbekistan was the first to join the group of neighboring countries that had earlier begun the process of regional cooperation. It happened in 2001 in Chinese Shanghai. This is where the organization, whose initial tasks were utilitarian enough - to resolve the existing territorial disputes between states, leads its new countdown.

Such a problem arose in relations between the USSR and China as far back as the sixties of the last century. With the collapse of the Soviet Union at the negotiating table with Chinese diplomats were representatives of four states at once - Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan. In 1996, they formed the Shanghai Five.

The organization discussed border demarcation, mutual reduction of armed forces in the border areas, strengthening confidence in the military field. The Shanghai Five was to complete the Soviet-Chinese border disputes and build new multilateral interstate relations. In Beijing and Moscow, they met in different ways.

China, with its growing claims and production capabilities, saw the prospect of organizing in the economic integration of the countries of the region, largely providing the resource and logistics base of the Chinese economy. The following years showed that Beijing gradually began to implement its plans. Now they have even gone beyond the framework of the SCO. This is evident from the recently established Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank and the Silk Road Economic Belt project.

Russia was pretty cool about the plans of China. At least, Moscow joined the ABII Bank almost on the last day of its formation, and the Russian Silk Road routes were bogged down in numerous approvals and counter offers.

Russia is interested in something else. Moscow saw in the SCO the possibility of turning an organization into a powerful international political bloc. It is possible, of course, to argue about bloody thinking that has gotten the edge of teeth and some ideologization of international relations. However, the world has not yet come up with another option to defend its economic and political interests without the use of armed forces.

Towards an influential international organization


China ceded Russia in 2001, when Uzbekistan was accepted into the organization as far from territorial disputes. The countries of the "Shanghai Five" among the border problems have drawn attention to the threat of international terrorism. Tashkent was also seriously worried. His participation in the organization seemed useful and beneficial. So the topic of communication between countries received a new vector, except for border disputes.

A year later, this was fixed in the SCO Charter, which became the basic document of the organization. There, the main goals and objectives of cooperation have already been defined. The border relations in the Charter were transformed into “the development of multi-disciplinary cooperation in order to maintain and strengthen peace, security and stability in the region, to promote the construction of a new democratic, fair and rational political and economic international order”.

This task was naturally complemented by others, including “cooperation in the prevention of international conflicts and their peaceful settlement; a joint search for solutions to problems that will arise in the twenty-first century. " The Charter adopted in St. Petersburg in Russia finally gave the Shanghai organization a political character.

Other countries are interested in her. Belarus, Mongolia, India, Iran, Pakistan and Afghanistan came to the SCO as observers. Two of them, as we see, have already signed a memorandum on joining the organization.

At a meeting in Tashkent, Vladimir Putin noted Iran’s readiness to join the SCO, and the organization’s general secretary, Rashid Alimov, told reporters in an interview that five more countries had immediately expressed their intention to join the Shanghai organization. Alimov did not specify which countries in question, but drew the attention of the press to the tendencies of expanding the organization and increasing its political capabilities.

However, this process is not so smooth and smooth. He is not devoid of contradictions and even struggle for the balance of power within the organization. The host of the current summit, the President of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov, said this: “The Memorandum of Obligations of India and Pakistan within the framework of full membership, it must be honestly admitted, was complex and complicated.” Karimov noted that during the negotiations, all the contradictions were overcome and added: "India and Pakistan in the SCO should have been taken together necessarily."

There are two points. It is necessary, of course, to take into account the complex, sometimes turning into conflict, relations between these neighboring countries themselves. In addition, India, as is known, on many regional issues supports the position of Russia, and Pakistan - China. Their joint participation in the SCO will smooth over possible contradictions of the two main centers of power within the organization.

The summit declaration adopted in Tashkent has become a full-fledged political document reflecting the position of the SCO on all major international issues, including regional military conflicts, relations between countries, global threats - from nuclear proliferation to terrorist attacks.

In the Uzbek capital, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization showed the world the willingness to solve all major international problems. This largely reflects the position of Russia. Experts believe: Moscow is counting on the fact that the SCO will make a significant contribution to the modern world order, and will have an impact on the political processes in the world.

This is the situation today. She is quite mobile. After the summit in Uzbekistan, the SCO presidency passed to the Republic of Kazakhstan. The next meeting of heads of member countries of the organization will be held in Astana. President Nursultan Nazarbayev of Kazakhstan has already announced his proposals on the current agenda of the Shanghai organization.

Speaking at a meeting of the Council of Heads of SCO Member States on Friday in Tashkent, Nazarbayev noted: within the framework of the organization, it is possible to create a free trade zone. The Kazakh president called this task promising. In his opinion, “The key element here is the infrastructural unification of the hubs of Eurasia through the revival of historical routes of the Silk Road ”.

The President of Kazakhstan proposed to form a Eurasian Transit Transport Hub, which will bring together the member states and the observer countries of the SCO. For its part, Kazakhstan has already created the international financial center Astana and has begun to implement an infrastructure development program that harmoniously complements the Silk Road Economic Belt. The agenda proposed by Kazakhstan is an obvious nod to China's economic plans.

The current position of Nazarbayev may affect the dynamics of the political construction of the SCO. However, the organization’s goals stated in St. Petersburg and now, in Tashkent, leave no doubt to the experts: the Shanghai Cooperation Organization is becoming a serious international center of power. Her word on the planet every year will sound stronger, and the time is not far distant when the SCO will completely outgrow the framework of regional influence.
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  1. Mavrikiy
    Mavrikiy 27 June 2016 06: 18
    +4
    Faithful path go comrades. All together, to fulfill the goals of each.
    1. Amurets
      Amurets 27 June 2016 06: 34
      +10
      Quote: Mavrikiy
      Faithful path go comrades. All together, to fulfill the goals of each.

      Well, there are a lot of pitfalls. I would not be so optimistic. To get to resolve the territorial disputes and conflicts between China, Pakistan and India peacefully, then you will get a strong alliance with world influence.
      1. dr.Bo
        dr.Bo 27 June 2016 07: 07
        +3
        Friendship is a must! Unfortunately, we were not seen before as a partner (they were weak). Strength is respected everywhere.
        1. Tatar 174
          Tatar 174 27 June 2016 08: 00
          +4
          Quote: dr.Bo
          Strength is respected everywhere.

          Not a single state sets as its task its own weakening, both economic and political, well, except for a few aspiring to Europe, of course, of which we all know. Strength is, firstly, a powerful economy, and in today's conditions, no matter how you try, you cannot create it alone. Secondly, everyone who is interested in joining the SCO sees in this organization a powerful and strong association capable of solving possibly all the tasks facing the world, no more and no less, but unlike NATO and the TTIP (different) and the EU in a different way, those. not by dictatorship and coercion, but by free, mutually beneficial and honest cooperation and joint work on an equal footing. This is the strength of the SCO and its great future.
        2. Al1977
          Al1977 27 June 2016 15: 51
          0
          Quote: dr.Bo
          Friendship is a must! Unfortunately, we were not seen before as a partner (they were weak). Strength is respected everywhere.

          Russia does not know how to be friends. Our friends are the army and navy. So it was and will be.
          Wag at the gates, the fifth column and all the other attributes of a weak country, looking for an excuse for its worthlessness in external enemies. No strong power complains. Only Ukrainians, Baltic states, Russia and North Korea.
      2. Kostyar
        Kostyar 27 June 2016 08: 55
        +3
        and the time is not far off when the SCO will finally outgrow the framework of regional influence

        Well, and with God! A serious team organized !!!
        NATO Obsozy nervously smoking on the sidelines, as under a tower .....
      3. Asadullah
        Asadullah 27 June 2016 14: 07
        +1
        It turns out to resolve peacefully territorial disputes and conflicts between China, Pakistan and India


        Impossible. If it is still possible to create a tie strip between India and China in the form of a nature reserve with monitoring, then between India and Pakistan it is impossible. The British calculated everything correctly, at that time they were powerful minds. Moreover, the demographic process in disputed territories with the packs is clearly not in favor of India. The second point, India in recent years has colossally stratified according to the principle of caste and, accordingly, financially. Hunger in different years alternates with the world's largest market for gold and precious stones. The last crust, the auction, where the bride’s set of necklaces, bracelets and earrings of pink diamonds, after bidding in spite of one hundred lemons of greens, was closed for lighting at the request of the buyer, who did not want to publicly name the purchase price. In India, the Hindu-proletarian-situation is ripening.
      4. D. Dan
        D. Dan 27 June 2016 23: 54
        0
        With Pakistan it will be very difficult, if any. They have, damn it, a BOMB, ...
  2. parusnik
    parusnik 27 June 2016 06: 18
    +2
    the time is not far off when the SCO will finally outgrow the framework of regional influence...Quite possible..
  3. auditor
    auditor 27 June 2016 06: 35
    +3
    India and Pakistan are in the same organization ... It’s like a time bomb. Moreover, American drones and special forces are not particularly afraid to violate the borders of Pakistan. In general, it is clear what the Americans will try to do - act through Pakistan and rock the situation inside the SCO. Probably)
    1. Blondy
      Blondy 27 June 2016 06: 51
      +12
      In fact, any club has two ends. You might think that Pakistan is very happy with the flights of drones, maybe even beat if they become insolent and will be sure of support. It’s not just that he was soaped in the SCO, but has some reasons.
      1. asadov
        asadov 27 June 2016 07: 38
        +2
        I agree completely. Problems with the United States and others like it are the main reason for Pakistan joining the SCO.
  4. Knowing
    Knowing 27 June 2016 06: 42
    +13
    The SCO cannot be an organization of regional influence by definition ... Looking at geography, even a schoolboy can determine it, but I will be silent for the number.
    1. Rash
      Rash 27 June 2016 10: 18
      +1
      Yes, unforgettable psaki ... wink
      1. Tektor
        Tektor 27 June 2016 11: 17
        0
        Such a small regional organization of six plus two new ones, i.e. - of eight members. Now, if Israel and Egypt catch up ... But only if the problem with the Palestinians is settled, kmk ... Yes, and Syria, when it cleans its territory of the Barmales.
  5. Banishing liberoids
    Banishing liberoids 27 June 2016 06: 44
    0
    Yes, we are moving in an unknown direction such as a step forward and two back! We signed a bunch of papers with China, and you won’t call it because they don’t work, and even know what conditions they signed !!!
    1. Tatar 174
      Tatar 174 27 June 2016 08: 06
      +4
      Do not pessimize too much, the world is developing, and President Putin, although he has some shortcomings like all of us, thinks very far and sees the roots.
    2. Amurets
      Amurets 27 June 2016 08: 46
      +2
      Quote: Exorcist Liberoids
      Yes, we are moving in an unknown direction such as a step forward and two back! We signed a bunch of papers with China, and you won’t call it because they don’t work, and even know what conditions they signed !!!

      Do not hurry! things are not being done quickly in the East.

      Quote: Tartar 174
      Do not pessimize too much, the world is developing, and President Putin, although he has some shortcomings like all of us, thinks very far and sees the roots.

      Here is "truly an oriental man", correctly argues. The projects of bridges across the Amur were laid off for 10-15 years, everything was looking for options. You can't negotiate with the Chinese quickly, you can stay with your nose. It doesn't work out like in the West, we'll settle it in the course of working development, here you need to agree on everything in advance.
      1. unsinkable
        unsinkable 27 June 2016 09: 37
        -1
        Quote: Amurets
        You can’t negotiate quickly with the Chinese, you can stay with your nose.

        The article says that the SCO is following the path proposed by Russia. But there is a danger that they will turn where China says. There are many facts in history confirming the insidiousness of the Chinese. We will rely on our president. He also does not bast.
        1. Amurets
          Amurets 27 June 2016 09: 59
          0
          Quote: unsinkable
          Quote: Amurets
          You can’t negotiate quickly with the Chinese, you can stay with your nose.

          The article says that the SCO is following the path proposed by Russia. But there is a danger that they will turn where China says. There are many facts in history confirming the insidiousness of the Chinese. We will rely on our president. He also does not bast.

          I’m talking about the same thing, but in other words. The most difficult thing in the SCO, I have already noted, are the territorial disputes between China, India and Pakistan. If you delimit, as was the case with the Russian Federation and eliminate tensions, then yes, the SCO will be the strongest organization. and it was.
          1. Kasym
            Kasym 27 June 2016 11: 09
            +4
            Guys, how can they fight if they are nuclear powers? The moment came when I had to realize that to fight is suicide; and now it is only at the negotiating table that it is best to resolve disputes. And the SCO for them is like an independent arbiter (no one wants to rely on the West and the UN after Libya), who can be "complained" if something goes wrong.
            The eight is likely to become nine because of Iran.
            All countries in Asia were "burnt" about cooperation with the West (colonization, sanctions, unequal cooperation and trade), so I believe that the SCO appeared on the continent in time. Each country sees its own goals that it can achieve thanks to the organization (but without which it is problematic to do it) - and this is another factor of unification. It is also necessary to take into account the experience of other associations and work on the "mistakes" that they have made - there should be no freeloaders who believe that manna from heaven will fall for them as a gift from heaven. It is necessary to help - this is undoubtedly, especially for the poor, in order to prevent them from sliding into chaos and civil war. I was sure that from security issues they would definitely move on to cooperation and mutually beneficial trade; especially since our countries were constantly "pressing" from the rich West - now you can get support from the SCO countries and more boldly oppose the countries of Western "democracy", and they will have to reckon with this - any sanctions may no longer work, but threaten - may become more expensive for yourself. hi
            1. Amurets
              Amurets 27 June 2016 13: 19
              +3
              Quote: Kasym
              Guys, how can they fight if they are nuclear powers? The moment came when I had to realize that to fight is suicide; and now it is only at the negotiating table that it is best to resolve disputes. And the SCO for them is like an independent arbiter (no one wants to rely on the West and the UN after Libya), who can be "complained" if something goes wrong.
              The eight is likely to become nine because of Iran.

              Here, I completely agree with you. More than half the world's population is now united in the SCO and you correctly noted that the time has come to realize that war is suicide.
              1. Kasym
                Kasym 27 June 2016 17: 11
                +1
                We will "look". Much depends on the leaders. You can after all blabber up to "nausea". Therefore, I think that we need to launch the whole mechanism, and then think about new participants.
                Implementation of joint projects is urgently needed to connect the economies of the continent's countries more closely, so that the return can be felt. We, in Kazakhstan, are already seeing this from transit - finally, VVP announced the start of work on the China-Europe autobahn (we are already finishing it). "The Russians harness for a long time, but they go fast" - here it seems to me it will work, because. because of the sanctions, the benefit is now in the east, and 50 signed documents are evidence of this. By the way, we are now undergoing the same study of building. 50 industrial facilities in the Republic of Kazakhstan (NAS promises to sign the Silk Economic Belt during its autumn visit to the PRC).
                Since the collapse of the USSR, the markets of the West and the East have been virtually closed for us (except for raw materials, of course) - now the Eastern Gate creaks, but it began to open - we must take advantage of this, which should ultimately lead to the There will be no East. Asia is meeting halfway, and it must be made a stronghold of peace and justice - then everyone will seek support there (the United States with its democracy around the world may calm down then). Turkey seems to be already "reorienting". laughing hi
  6. azer
    azer 27 June 2016 08: 52
    0
    Why such pessimistic thoughts about the SCO I think this organization will still give heat to
  7. Pitot
    Pitot 27 June 2016 09: 33
    -1
    I wonder how India and Pakistan will adjoin .....
    1. Lindon
      Lindon 27 June 2016 15: 37
      +1
      Quote: Pitot
      I wonder how India and Pakistan will adjoin .....


      They will not exchange nuclear strikes, which means they will agree as it was on the border of the former USSR-PRC.
  8. russkiy redut
    russkiy redut 27 June 2016 10: 08
    0
    Well done guys, Putin Well done !! We do not need to forget about our national interests, to prevent China from leaping forward, and together we can resist the world dollar system and Western admirers of the Talmud.
  9. denchik1977
    denchik1977 27 June 2016 11: 24
    +4
    Despite certain difficulties, the SCO currently has a bright future. A particularly positive moment can be considered the accession to the organization of India and Pakistan, and in the near future, most likely, Iran. Besides, let me tell you, what kind of isolation of Russia can we talk about if only three members of the organization - China, India and Pakistan - in terms of population make up about 3 billion (!) People, and this is almost half (!) Of the world's population. In addition, it has recently become known that Israel and Egypt are going to join the SCO while still in observer status. As a result of the SCO summit, only one thing can be stated - while the European Union is facing the threat of collapse, the Greater Eurasia project is rapidly gaining momentum and this project will have a great future only if it does not become dominated by all kinds of officials and bureaucrats. as happened with the European Union, which now more and more begins to resemble the time of the late USSR. And the accession of European countries to the SCO would be a positive moment, for example, an excellent step on this path, was the application for membership from Switzerland, which recently withdrew its application to join the EU.
    And yet, the development of the SCO would be an excellent response from the United States, which in recent times has literally "furiously" been pushing its idea of ​​the Trans-Pacific and Trans-Antlantic Economic Partnership, which is likely to be doomed to failure, as almost all countries in the world have already understood how The United States can be a "reliable partner" in many ways. Of course, there will be many opponents of the SCO and the "Greater Eurasia" project, but ultimately, together with the United States, there will be such "limitrophes" as Poland, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, and the remnants of what was previously called a single Ukraine ...
  10. askort154
    askort154 27 June 2016 12: 14
    +3
    Western media stubbornly "did not notice" the SCO summit, but immediately "reacted" to the arrest of Belykh.
    The West (Europe) is losing its orientation. Once waking up, they will understand this, but it will be too late.
  11. D. Dan
    D. Dan 27 June 2016 23: 56
    0
    Unless, of course, China will not treat us like barbarians.
    To be honest, I myself am a huge admirer of eastern philosophies, and the eastern mentality appeals to me, BUT, you have to be careful with China.