Military Review

60 years since the first flight of the transport IL-14T

42



Exactly 60 years ago, 22 June 1956, the first flight of a modified transport aircraft IL-14T took place. The crew was commanded by Honored Test Pilot of the USSR, twice Hero of the Soviet Union, Vladimir K. Kokkinaki.

The airborne version was created based on the IL-14M. A cargo door (2,71 m wide and 1,6 m high) crashed into the left side of the fuselage with an additional hatch through which, like through the front door for the crew and passengers, paratroopers and cargo in soft containers were dropped.

60 years since the first flight of the transport IL-14T


The cargo cabin of the aircraft was lengthened due to the rear luggage compartment and moving the toilet to the rear bulkhead. The cargo door, increased in width, made it possible to load a GAZ-69 type car and other equipment into the aircraft. To accommodate the paratroopers on the sides of the cockpit installed 21 folding seat. The on-board conveyor allowed to parachute loads with a total weight of 2000 kg in 12-15 seconds at a speed of 300 km / h. In addition, cargo could be transported under the center section on the beam holders.

IL-14T was used in cargo, airborne transport, sanitary or towing versions, each of which had landing-transport equipment.

The IL-14T tests at the Air Force Research Institute, which began on September 12, 1956 on the basis of military unit No. 55599 deployed in Tula, generally confirmed the declared flight data. According to the piloting technique, the aircraft practically did not differ from the passenger Il-14P, but with loads on the external suspension, the maximum speed dropped to 366 km / h. The tests lasted until December, and the IL-14T in the civilian version (without landing and other special equipment) was widely used in the transportation of various cargoes and especially in Polyarnaya aviation to provide various scientific expeditions in the Arctic and Antarctica. At the same time, the aircraft could operate from various airfields with a concrete, unpaved and snowy runway.

The contribution of this machine to the successful provision of high-latitude expeditions is difficult to overestimate. The ability of IL-14T in the arctic variant to make long flights in the most difficult meteorological conditions, in rarefied air, at temperatures of -70 ° C and strong icing, the ability to take off and land on ice platforms that are limited to, including air, are easy to maintain. long aircraft life in the Soviet Polar Aviation.



At the end of the 1970's, the IL-14 Polar Aviation aircraft actively participated in providing such unprecedented stories Arctic experiments, such as the flight of the atomic icebreaker "Arktika" and an ice skating trip from the shores of the USSR to the North Pole.

A total of 356 Il-14Ts were produced in two enterprises: 291 at the Moscow Machine-Building Plant Znamya Truda (plant number XXUMX) and 30 at the Tashkent Aviation Production Association (plant number XXUMX).

The extensive scope of application of the Il-14 aircraft of various modifications for such a long time confirms its high flight technical and operational data, puts this aircraft in a number of outstanding examples of world aviation technology.

Interest in this aircraft continues today. Currently, the enthusiasts of the Albatross-Aero aviation and sports club have restored two IL-14Ts.

According to the materials of JSC "IL"


The photo IL-14T restored, (c) Vladimir Yazynin


Photo: Vladimir Yaznin

You can see the progress of the restoration in the blog >> http://vulkan-avia.livejournal.com/
and on the website http://www.il-14.ru/

In addition, you can dine under the wing of the legendary IL-14 in the city of Zurich, read a detailed report on Marina Lystseva's blog >> http://fotografersha.livejournal.com/764874.html

The history of the creation of the IL-14 aircraft can be found on the YouTube channel https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FGQsRyu0oSU and on the IL website http://www.ilyushin.org/press/news/ev2055/?sphrase_id = 10394
Originator:
http://uacrussia.livejournal.com/46275.html
42 comments
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  1. avg-mgn
    avg-mgn 25 June 2016 07: 51
    +13
    Papa Teshki - IL-14 was developed on the basis of IL-12 from the very beginning as a machine capable of flying and landing with one engine (even a new wing was counted for this situation), hence the survivability reserve, which made it possible to create a transport carrier excellent for its time without special additional costs.
    1. Finches
      Finches 25 June 2016 08: 35
      +22
      What always struck me was that the destructive war ended literally, and grandfathers not only restored industry and economy, but already entered not only the civil aviation market, but also into space ... So it seems that a planned economy is far from bad thing, as liberal market economists try to prove ...
      1. Orionvit
        Orionvit 25 June 2016 13: 14
        +4
        When we were in perestroika and in the 90s, they rubbed all the bullshit about the "self-regulating" market, and ruined (plundered) a great country on the sly, a lot of major economists, planners from various ministries, happily left for the United States by invitation. And there they worked perfectly in their profile.
        1. Akuzenka
          Akuzenka 2 July 2016 22: 00
          +2
          Here you are wrong, the market is really self-regulating. From our pockets to them. It is not regulated in any way.
      2. iouris
        iouris 25 June 2016 17: 38
        +3
        Previously planned in physical units, now - in crossed out rubles.
      3. Pancho
        Pancho 25 June 2016 18: 32
        +3
        Leontev, a Nobel laureate in economics of Russian origin, came to us and he came to the conclusion that there were no economic prerequisites for perestroika. GDP growth of 16%, industrial production growth of -20%.
        1. jjj
          jjj 26 June 2016 12: 36
          +8
          I remember when I worked as a minder in one of the peripheral airports of the Arkhangelsk Civil Aviation Administration, in the evening after the shift we sat down with a bottle of another vodka. And then suddenly the dispatcher from the tower says that just such a sludge loaded with eggs is flying. And winter. The movers were sent home. The chauffeur from the onboard lift had a good drink with us. This is how the three of us unloaded the "Il". The wide opening of the "barn" door and the straight deck of the saloon turned out to be very comfortable. We were then paid ten. We bought more vodka with them. So we spent the night at the airport.
          And "Ily" everyone loved
  2. dudinets
    dudinets 25 June 2016 08: 55
    +5
    had a chance to ride it in 1987 on Dickson.
  3. excomandante
    excomandante 25 June 2016 08: 57
    +5
    They were also produced in Czechoslovakia and the GDR, exported to different countries of the world, and were used in hostilities in Egypt. "The Arabians are bad fighters" (c), so this page in the history of an excellent aircraft is little known.
  4. Ruby
    Ruby 25 June 2016 09: 50
    +15
    I always considered IL14 the most beautiful aircraft. In polar aviation, there was generally a priceless car. After all, they could not find an adequate replacement in ice reconnaissance. With additional tanks in the cabin, he could sit in the air for 20 hours and sit anywhere.
    1. Orionvit
      Orionvit 25 June 2016 13: 17
      +2
      In our courtyard in the park, this one was standing. In 1989, he was still cut. Really handsome.
  5. Aviator_
    Aviator_ 25 June 2016 10: 19
    +3
    Great plane. Only Li-2 was prettier than him, but he was from the previous generation of cars.
    1. Stas57
      Stas57 25 June 2016 11: 20
      +5
      but I on the contrary 14 more than Douglas DC-3 like
    2. gispanec
      gispanec 26 June 2016 12: 37
      +1
      Quote: Aviator_
      Only Li-2 was prettier than him

      Well, Li-2 ... this is an American Douglas plane ... which we collected at home and gave a new name)) .. so that we know that Americans make beautiful planes)) ....
      1. The comment was deleted.
  6. Verdun
    Verdun 25 June 2016 11: 23
    +3

    The contribution of this machine to the successful provision of high-latitude expeditions is difficult to overestimate.
    And what is there to overestimate? Only thanks to the IL-14T the USSR was able to carry out large-scale development of the Arctic. It was a good car and very necessary. In my opinion, something like this machine is also needed to service local airlines.
  7. cccr51
    cccr51 25 June 2016 12: 25
    +1
    read the book: Kravchenko Eugene ,, With Antarctica - only for you ,,
  8. kugelblitz
    kugelblitz 25 June 2016 13: 06
    +8
    One of the factors for the good characteristics of the IL-14 was the ASh-82T engines, calculations showed that the new aircraft will be able to reliably take off with one engine that failed in all possible operating conditions with a slight, only 37 kW (50 hp), increase in the power of serial ASH-82FN propulsion. OKB A.D. Shvetsova forced the refinement of ASh-82FN engines in terms of speed and boost, improved cooling of the heads of its cylinders. The take-off power of this engine, which received the designation ASh-82T, became equal to 1397 kW (1900 hp), and it was maintained up to an altitude of 400-500 m, which made it possible to sharply increase the safety of operation of a new aircraft at high altitude airfields and at high outdoor temperatures air. By introducing special adjustments and a number of design measures, the characteristics of cruising fuel consumption were also improved: operating in the range of cruising capacities from 60 to 45% of rated power, the ASh-82T engine had 15% lower hourly fuel consumption compared to ASh-82FN. At the same time, under the direction of A.D. Shvetsov, work began to increase the reliability of the ASh-82T engine and increase its life to 500 hours, which was of great importance both for flight safety and for the economic efficiency of the new aircraft in operation.

    And of course, improved aerodynamics.
  9. aviator65
    aviator65 25 June 2016 13: 59
    +3
    Great plane! I always liked him. I remember that in the 70s they often flew over the northern regions of Moscow, and at a low altitude, one might say, over the very roofs of our nine-story buildings. Apparently there were some technical flights. The sight was bewitching! We guys simply thrilled when their silvery wings floated overhead, on which a strict USSR inscription and board number flaunted.
  10. iouris
    iouris 25 June 2016 17: 45
    +1
    When I was little I flew once on an IL-14 from Sochi to Orenburg with a landing in Aktyubinsk on the ground. We flew for a very long time. There was no toilet. It was cloudy, there was a strong bumpiness. Passengers were given special packages ... Cool!
    1. Aviator_
      Aviator_ 25 June 2016 22: 43
      +1
      Surely it was in the early 60s, and the Orenburg airport was called "Nezhinka", now liquidated.
    2. Bayonet
      Bayonet 26 June 2016 07: 37
      +2
      Quote: iouris
      There was no toilet.

      Behind the passenger cabin there is a toilet and a rear trunk with a volume of 4,4 m ^ 3.
      The toilet is equipped with an autonomous pneumatic system that uses compressed air. request
      1. bober1982
        bober1982 26 June 2016 08: 43
        +1
        The toilet could be closed, in those days they didn’t bother too much because of the service, the people were unpretentious. Some functions were performed by the passengers themselves - to pull up a primitive step-ladder for boarding the plane (instead of the ramp), there were no cabin crew, etc. , including cargo modifications of the aircraft.
        1. Bayonet
          Bayonet 26 June 2016 14: 55
          +2
          Quote: bober1982
          The toilet could be closed, in those days they didn’t bother too much because of the service, the people were unpretentious

          I happened to fly on IL-14 with my parents in 1963 from Moscow to Cherepovets. The toilet worked and the stewardess was. Normally so flew. Then flew to the An-2, it was fun! Half of the passengers with hygiene bags talked about something laughing - The chatter was on the good route!
          1. bober1982
            bober1982 26 June 2016 15: 45
            +2
            Until 1975, the armament of the training regiment of the Chelyabinsk Navigation School was Li-2, 1-2 year cadets flew at them, so Douglas served faithfully.
            The IL-14s were armed with the Air Force for quite some time (until the end of the 80s), the air division commander relied on a connected plane, ours just had the IL-14, the commander of this connected IL was the most respected man in the division: the plane flew gasoline, there were a lot of alcohol, the commander himself greeted his hand. A good plane.
  11. bober1982
    bober1982 25 June 2016 19: 45
    +7
    But we must pay tribute to the Douglas DC-3, it was a great plane, he gave a ticket to Li-2, IL-12, IL-14
  12. Mountain shooter
    Mountain shooter 25 June 2016 20: 24
    +2
    Great plane. I flew this one. The flight altitude is small, "threw" decently. Packages were not needed, but "just".
    1. bober1982
      bober1982 25 June 2016 20: 26
      +2
      Packages - this is nobility, a bucket in the cabin - and go.
  13. Ruby
    Ruby 26 June 2016 01: 55
    +2
    In general, Ilyushin produced very beautiful planes. There are practically no "flying freaks" of its designs. The Il18 is a very remarkable airplane. Il2, Il28, Il86 are all beautiful in their own way, and in Il76 there is a certain aesthetics, not from all angles, but still :) And of course, super reliable devices were obtained. The statistics of IL62 and IL86 speaks for themselves.
    1. tundra
      tundra 5 December 2016 21: 52
      0
      Quote: Yakut
      Ilyushin generally had very beautiful planes.

      A IL 18 NOT CONTINUED IL14? They are very similar in appearance.
      Well, maybe more engines, the dimensions are larger and as straight as the twins, one small and the other large.
  14. candidate
    candidate 26 June 2016 07: 28
    +1
    ... They say what you call
    So it will be
    You can’t find better Ilov
    Let the sequel be ...

    Reliability is the main feature
    ILs have - everything from the screw!
  15. pudelartemon
    pudelartemon 26 June 2016 14: 39
    +2
    Great car, forgiving all the mistakes of piloting. He witnessed how a cadet of BVVAUL managed to take off with flaps released, and of course the instructor overslept. Everything worked out.
  16. 52
    52 26 June 2016 14: 51
    +1
    Mighty plane, in childhood I had a chance to fly this on Aviation Day, then we rolled over the city. Impressions were ...
  17. Gomel
    Gomel 26 June 2016 22: 20
    0
    The first drawing - test!
  18. exo
    exo 26 June 2016 23: 10
    0
    It’s a very successful plane. In polar aviation, they still can’t find a replacement. We, in the school, restored its predecessor: IL-12.
  19. pafegosoff
    pafegosoff 29 June 2016 07: 58
    0
    My senior partner, the kingdom of heaven to him, was in Bari with allies. He flew mainly to the partisans in Yugoslavia. So, even in the 1970s, he admired Douglas: "The hood is opened, and there everything shines. And at our Li-2 technician did not let go of a rag." Although, the Americans do not haut ASh-62. Their specialists understand that the Russians did 2 difficult things: they transferred it to SI (SGS) and added a gearbox, and then it served for the development of two-row machines.
    In the 1970s, the Il-14 MAPovsky flew to us twice a week. And two former pilots are standing on the control tower, seeing him off, enthusiastically saying: "Yes ... Liner!"
    And the liner proudly steers between thin blunts, a tired An-22, An-12 power-saw bench, and the brand new Il-76 ...
  20. iz odessy
    iz odessy 5 December 2016 22: 46
    0
    the main aircraft on passenger lines in the Kazakh SSR in the 60s and early 70s. As a kid, he flew free of charge, the crew — friends of his father, the transportation department — Aunt Fields. All the passengers were in full swing behind her, in principle, there were no fences. Announcements of landing on Karaganda through a manual matyukalnik. While she, t. Fields are standing at the gangway and tearing the ticket stubs, skipping one at a time, I'm already inside, the pilot hid in the toilet. She went in at the end — she counted everything and everything, the hatch was closed. From the toilet and to the saddle seat in the cabin and ... there and back. In the evening at home.