Military Review

M3 Scout Car: reconnaissance armored personnel carrier

35
In the late 1930s, a light armored personnel carrier was developed in the United States, called the M3 Scout Car. In addition to its direct purpose, it could be used to solve a very wide range of tasks: as a sentinel or command post vehicle, a light artillery tractor or armory platform for jet systems and mortars. In total, about 21 thousand armored personnel carriers of this type were created in the USA, which were popular not only in the American army, but also among the armies of countries that received these armored personnel carriers as part of the Lend-Lease program.


With the outbreak of World War II, this armored personnel carrier was included in the list of weapons that the United States supplied to its allies under the Lend-Lease program. So these armored personnel carriers were in the USSR. Entering the war, the Red Army had a fairly large number of armored vehicles of various classes, but quickly lost them in the battles of the summer of 1941, and a foreign armored personnel carrier was very welcome. In the Red Army, the American M3 Scout Car armored personnel carriers came primarily to the service of reconnaissance battalions. By the middle of the war, these mobile units were well armed not only with armored personnel carriers and motorcycles, but also with light tanks, successfully acting until the very end of hostilities in Europe. In total, more than 3000 Scouts were delivered to the Soviet Union, which deservedly enjoyed the love and respect of Soviet soldiers.

In the period between the two world wars in all states that had their own armored forces, intelligence in the interests of these forces was entrusted to light armored cars. However, the solution of reconnaissance tasks was not at all a simple matter. So, the crew of an armored car usually consisted of 2-3 people, each of whom had their own functional duties inside the combat vehicle, so it was almost impossible to carry out intelligence activities in isolation from the armored car. The latter circumstance could reduce the entire success of intelligence activities to zero.



Understanding the fact that the combat vehicle should be only a means of delivery and subsequent evacuation of the reconnaissance group and, if necessary, be able to cover its withdrawal with fire, first came to the American army. The US military department made very tough requirements for such a reconnaissance vehicle, especially by the standards of the early 1930s,. In addition, the American military wanted the armored car to be an all-wheel drive. In the documentation, the armored car received the official designation Scout Car (reconnaissance vehicle), and in everyday life both then and in the future, it was often called simply “scout”, omitting the official alphanumeric index, which was adopted in the US Army.

The White Motor Company, located in Cleveland, decided to respond to the competition announced by the US military. From the very beginning of the twentieth century, this White Brothers company specialized in the production of trucks, and in 1932-1933 due to a significant drop in sales, which was caused by the consequences of the Great Depression, the company was actively looking for new partners and customers. In those years, the solvency of the American military could not cause any questions to the management of White Motor Company. Just at the same time, it swallowed Indiana, and their assets turned out to be the suitable chassis of the all-wheel drive lightweight 1,5-ton truck White-Indiana 4х4, on which was built the first prototype of the reconnaissance armored car, designated T7.

According to the results of the tests, the US military ordered the company a small batch of new armored vehicles, which received the final designation Scout Car М1. Already in 1934, the 76 of the M1 armored personnel carriers entered service with the 1 and 13 armored battalions of the American army, which were stationed in Fort Knox (Kentucky). The armored vehicles of this modification were distinguished by the presence of the Hercules L 6 cylinder carburetor engine with a liter 4,6 displacement and hp 75 power. At the same time, the armored personnel carrier was armed at once with 4 machine guns: two large-caliber 12,7-mm machine guns Browning M2, located in the front of the hull, and two 7,62-mm machine guns Browning M1919-4, located on the sides of the hull.



In pursuit of the White Motor Company, seeking also to receive an order from the military, competing firms also began to develop armored vehicles with similar characteristics. First, in 1935, an armored car was born, which received the military designation M2. This model, offered by another car manufacturer Corbitt & Co from North Carolina, was distinguished by the presence of an 8-cylinder Lycoming New Corbitt Eight engine, which developed a power of 95 hp, and two 7,62-mm M1919A4 machine guns, which were located on the sides of the hull. This model was quickly followed by the M2A1 modification, which already had a fundamental innovation - a rail-tire that covered the open part of the car's armored body around the perimeter. On this rail, with the help of special movable grips, machine guns could be installed and could move freely, which significantly increased the efficiency of firing compared to the installation of rotating machine guns on fixed turrets.

White Motor Company meanwhile did not sit idle. The company took into account its own experience in this field and studied the achievements of direct competitors by developing a new model, which received the designation M3. An armored personnel carrier equipped with a new six-cylinder carburetor engine Hercules JXD, developing the power of the 110 hp. The frontal armor plate of the hull, located in front of the radiator, was installed at an angle, which provided better protection, increasing the thickness of the above armor and provoking more ricochets. In 1938, the new armored personnel carrier was adopted by the American army. At the same time, the M3 version also sold out in a very modest installment - just 64 machines.

As a result, already in 1941, the final version from White Motor under the name М3А1 was sent to mass production. From its immediate predecessor, the M3, the upgraded version of the M3А1 armored personnel carrier was distinguished by a new armored corps with an elongated rear part and width. The configuration of the side doors, as well as the design of the front sheet of the hull, the door in the rear wall at the same time decided to eliminate. On the front bumper of an armored personnel carrier for the first time appeared buffer rotary drum, which became a characteristic feature of American-made armored vehicles during the Second World War. The thickness of the armor of the frontal hull of the body of the M3А1 armored personnel carrier was 12 mm, and all other sheets - 6,35 mm. In terms of assembling the M3А1 chassis, it was a typical all-wheel drive (4х4) 1940-s light truck with a transfer case, which was installed separately from the gear box and was connected to it by an intermediate shaft.



Along the perimeter of the open body of the armored personnel carrier was placed rail-tire, which was borrowed from the Corbitt МХNUMXА2 armored car. Under this system, with the help of mobile machines M1, machine guns that were part of the armored personnel carrier’s standard armament freely moved — they could be sent without much effort forward, backward, left and right, and also simply rolling along the rail. The standard armament of the M22A3 version was the large-caliber 1-mm machine gun М12,7 and the 2-mm machine gun М7,62А1919. The loaded ammunition consisted of 4 thousands of 8 caliber cartridges mm and 7,62-600 750 mm caliber cartridges. Boxes, equipped with machine-gun belts, were placed in two boxes, located on the sides of the body. Instead of a machine gun М12,7А1919, an 4-mm Browning М7,62А1917 machine gun with a water-cooled system could be installed on an armored personnel carrier. It is worth noting that in the Red Army on the machine M1 in some cases installed the legendary machine gun "Max".

In this case, the US Army attempted to transfer the armored personnel carrier from gasoline engines to diesel ones. Thus, a modification called the M3А2 was born, which tested diesel engines Buda-Lanova and Hercules with 81 and 103 hp. respectively. However, a total of similar armored vehicles were built no more than 100 units. The carburettor Scout armored personnel carrier remained the main for the period of the Second World War. Initially, these armored personnel carriers entered service with reconnaissance battalions and armored cavalry tank squadrons, and later with infantry divisions of the American army. In addition, armored personnel carriers were used as tractors for 37-mm anti-tank guns, staff and medical armored vehicles. For example, in the sanitary armored car could be transported 2-x bedridden and 3-x sessile wounded.

It is worth noting that the Scouts have become one of the most popular and popular armored personnel carriers in the Red Army. The Soviet military used them in the same way as in the Allied forces, mainly in the role of reconnaissance or command and staff vehicles. Thus, the reconnaissance company of a tank or mechanized brigade, according to the state, had 3-4 МХNUMXА3 armored personnel carriers, the corps reconnaissance battalion already had 1-6 armored personnel carriers, and the motorcycle regiment of the army 8-13 Scouts. Perhaps their only drawback, which the Soviet soldiers identified in their reports on the combat use of vehicles, could be called an unreliable towing device, especially when towing 16-mm divisional guns ZIS-76,2 and falling dynamic performance in the event of towing such an artillery system.



Good maneuverability, visibility and powerful weapons made it possible to effectively use the M3А1 armored personnel carriers during street battles. So, 25 on April 1945, the first to break into the eastern outskirts of the Czech city of Brno, were the reconnaissance company of Senior Lieutenant I. Matushkin from the 4 Guards Mechanized Brigade of the 2 Guards Mechanized Corps. Overcoming various obstacles, strong automatic and machine-gun fire of the Germans, they resolutely and boldly moved forward. Armored carrier M3 Scout Car Sergeant B. Bayaziev took the lead, ahead of the rest. The driver of this car noticed in time that the German artillerymen were hastily deploying the gun in order to destroy the armored personnel carrier that had broken through, but the enemies did not have time to do it. Bayaziev on time increased the speed of movement, and the machine gunner - ordinary S. Ivanov marked the queue fired from a large-caliber 12,7-mm machine gun, shot the entire calculation of the German gun. Following the scouts in Brno, the soldiers of the motorized rifle divisions from the 4 Guards Mechanized Brigade entered.

After the end of World War II, the M3A1 Scout Car armored personnel carriers did not disappear from historical the scene. They were widely used by France in the Indochina and Algeria wars, as well as by the Israeli military in the Arab-Israeli war of 1948-1949. Due to obsolescence, the armored personnel carrier was withdrawn from service in most countries of the world before 1950, but the Scout armored personnel carriers continued to be used in the armies of third world states until the 1990s.



Performance characteristics of the M3 Scout Car:

Overall dimensions: length - 5626 mm, width - 2032 mm, height - 1994 mm, clearance - 400 mm.
Combat weight - 5,62 t.
Wheel formula - 4x4.
Reservations - hull forehead (top) - 13 mm, hull forehead bottom, sides and hull feed - 6 mm.
The power plant - 6-cylinder carburetor engine Hercules JXD horsepower 110.
Maximum speed - 81 km / h (on the highway).
Power reserve - 400 km.
Armament: 1X12,7-mm machine gun M2HB and 1-2х7,62-mm machine gun M1919A4, ammunition 750 and 8000 cartridges, respectively.
Crew - 8 man.

Information sources:
http://pro-tank.ru/bronetehnika-usa/bronetransportery/170-m3a1-skautcar
http://gvtm.ru/btr_scout_car_m3_a
http://warspot.ru/3424-amerikanskiy-skaut-stavshiy-sovetskim-razvedchikom
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35 comments
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  1. Volga Cossack
    Volga Cossack 23 June 2016 06: 15
    +2
    Thank. Good article. I was especially pleased about the use of an armored personnel carrier in the Red Army. Hopefully there will be a loop.
  2. bionik
    bionik 23 June 2016 06: 34
    +7
    Soviet soldiers with an armored personnel carrier reconnaissance vehicle M3A1 Scout Car, (American-made, supplied by Lend-Lease) in the battle for the village near Budapest.
  3. bionik
    bionik 23 June 2016 06: 36
    +6
    American armored car M3A1 (M3A1 Scout armored car) in the cactus thickets in Tunisia.
    1. code54
      code54 23 June 2016 09: 01
      +4
      Well disguised !!! ... at night I jumped out of need and yeah!)))) And also, why is the Christmas tree on rubber the wrong way, or should it be?
      1. Bayonet
        Bayonet 23 June 2016 12: 00
        +4
        Quote: code54
        And also, why is the Christmas tree on rubber the wrong way, or should it be?

        Incorrectly installed rubber. Or nevermind, or there was such a reserve. smile
        1. code54
          code54 23 June 2016 17: 11
          0
          Well, then I’m not mistaken, but you never know how they put it there in the desert-cacti! )))
  4. bionik
    bionik 23 June 2016 06: 45
    +9
    Soviet soldiers attack under the guise of an American-made M3 Scout Car armored personnel carrier in an Austrian city. In the lower right corner is a German armored personnel carrier Sd.Kfz. 251. (on the facade of the house, an advertising poster for Persil powder is still advertised on TV)
    1. Tsoy
      Tsoy 23 June 2016 14: 37
      +4
      persil German powder, even when Tsar Nicholas II was delivered to the Russian Empire. Long-lived brand. Like phillips.
      1. Tsoy
        Tsoy 23 June 2016 18: 19
        +1
        By the way, the phillips company provided coverage of the Winter Palace if I remember correctly. The office is generally serious and has been engaged in everything for the time of its existence, but one of the most successful was the lamp. If in the past they were used to illuminate objects, then in modern times, for example, their workings can be observed in Ambilight technology on their own TVs. Although household appliances are not the most profitable for the company industry. Where more they get from medical equipment.
  5. Bayonet
    Bayonet 23 June 2016 06: 47
    +5
    Near Rostov, there is the "Don Military History Museum", by the way, private. Among the equipment of the museum there is also "Scout". http://donskoy-museum.com/
  6. Papandopulo
    Papandopulo 23 June 2016 07: 28
    0
    M3 Scout Car: reconnaissance armored personnel carrier

    Armored car.
    1. Bongo
      Bongo 23 June 2016 07: 54
      +5
      Quote: Papandopulo
      Armored car.

      Formally, he still has signs of an armored personnel carrier. But in the Red Army they did not receive much distribution. Another "Lend-Lease" vehicle, the ZSU M17 with a quad 12,7-mm anti-aircraft gun, was very popular.
    2. Beefeater
      Beefeater 23 June 2016 08: 13
      +3
      Quote: Papandopulo
      M3 Scout Car: reconnaissance armored personnel carrier

      Armored car.

      All the same, an armored personnel carrier. In addition to the crew, it was possible to take several landing men.
      1. Aleksandr72
        Aleksandr72 23 June 2016 08: 45
        +12
        Formally, yes, an armored personnel carrier. its capacity was 7 people - crew + landing. But in the Red Army, the "Scout Car" was used, as the article correctly states, in reconnaissance battalions of tank and mechanized formations. The delivery of "Scouts" to the USSR began in 1942. In Soviet documents during the Great Patriotic War, these - hitherto unseen vehicles - were called armored personnel carriers, armored vehicles and even semi-armored vehicles. The training of crews for them was entrusted to the 20th Tank Regiment, stationed in Uryupinsk, and then in Ryazan, transferring it from March 1, 1942 to the staff of a training tank regiment. Command and technical personnel for the units equipped with "Scouts" were trained at the 3rd Saratov School of armored vehicles and armored personnel carriers.
        In total, 3340 M3A1 Scout Car vehicles were delivered to the USSR, more than any other half-tracked or wheeled armored vehicles. To the Bongo colleague - self-propelled ZSU M17 (based on the semi-tracked armored personnel carrier M9, armed with a 12,7 mm M55 anti-aircraft machine-gun mount) 1000 units were delivered to the Red Army. So which of these armored vehicles was more common in the spacecraft? Yes, I agree that the ZSU with a quadruple large-caliber machine-gun mount for the spacecraft was probably more necessary than a wheeled armored personnel carrier with a small capacity, limiting the scope of its use by reconnaissance and protection. But the M3A1 Scout Car was still more common. It remains to add that often in the spacecraft this armored car was used in conjunction with the armored car BA-64.
        This photo is an example of the joint use of Soviet and American armored vehicles in the Red Army - Belgrade offensive operation:
        1. Mikado
          Mikado 23 June 2016 15: 08
          +4
          It seems that in fact the BTR-40 was created to create an analogue of the "Scout" in our army - a small armored personnel carrier for reconnaissance, containing a reconnaissance department. It was more effective than an armored car.
      2. Papandopulo
        Papandopulo 23 June 2016 15: 57
        +1
        In terms of capacity and design, this is an armored car (car), and not the best. Both formally and in substance.
        1. Papandopulo
          Papandopulo 27 June 2016 11: 27
          -1
          In English, an armored personnel carrier is armored personnel carrier, a car is a car.

          So soon write the jeeps in the trucks. In addition to the crew, 10-2 paratroopers were also placed in the Soviet armored car BA-4, as it is now placed in the BRMD, but this does not make a difference.

          Scout is a scout ...
        2. Papandopulo
          Papandopulo 27 June 2016 11: 30
          -1
          Thanks for the weightless minus, now for juggling the facts in the title of the article, the only minus to her is mine.

          In the Second World War, the Soviet infantry did not have armored personnel carriers. None, neither Lend-Lease, nor ours.
  7. Roman 1977
    Roman 1977 23 June 2016 11: 11
    +9
    Considering that the first Soviet BTR-40 and BTR-152 appeared in 1947 after the end of the Great Patriotic War, and before that the industry had not produced a single BTR except for an experimental batch of B-3, fully focusing on the production of tanks and self-propelled guns, then M-3 "Scout "came in very handy as, incidentally, and the half-martyr M 3 White. As you know, on fishlessness and cancer, there were even English machine-gun tankettes Universal Carrier with their landing force of 3 people who also entered the A M3 reconnaissance units, and especially anti-aircraft vehicles based on the half-track M3 in general were worth their weight in gold So, unfortunately, our industry did not give anything like the M3 and the German 251 during the war years and the Red Army soldiers had to ride the armor of tanks fastened with belts over the handrails so as not to fall
  8. Lester7777
    Lester7777 23 June 2016 12: 39
    +1
    Interestingly, did anyone still have these machines in service?
    1. Mikado
      Mikado 23 June 2016 15: 05
      +1
      Quote: Lester7777
      Interestingly, did anyone still have these machines in service?

      in 10 watched the Australian film Invasion: Battle for Paradise. Rare dregs, like "Twilight", only about the war. Like now, Australia is being invaded by the Chinese. Shown the modern technique of rabid invaders - close-up of M3 Scout Car! wassat
      1. Lester7777
        Lester7777 23 June 2016 15: 21
        +1
        In the movie, and not see this. But in reality? The last, it seems, Laos and the Dominican Republic remained.
        1. Mikado
          Mikado 23 June 2016 15: 42
          +4
          Maybe yes. Maybe in Africa who else remained? It’s a sinful thing, at your request, climbed into Wikipedia. There is another long-lived machine: the M8. It turns out that back in the 2000s it was in service with a number of countries in Africa and Latin America.
          1. Lester7777
            Lester7777 23 June 2016 15: 54
            +2
            These are still missing. Like his peer, the light tank M24.
            1. Mikado
              Mikado 23 June 2016 16: 02
              +3
              If it is good to store, care for, at the level of wars between Africans, and this good is enough! good
              1. Lester7777
                Lester7777 23 June 2016 16: 11
                +4
                Africa in general is a special conversation. They say, if you search well, you can also find trucks with the emblem of the African Corps if you wish.
                1. Mikado
                  Mikado 23 June 2016 16: 21
                  +4
                  Quote: Lester7777
                  Africa in general is a special conversation. They say, if you search well, you can also find trucks with the emblem of the African Corps if you wish.

                  lol
                  another unique thing that doesn't age: a German helmet. Heap was armed with heaps of countries, even the Poles half in it met the war. Pinochet’s troops were in it during the overthrow of Allende. And General Lebed in his memoirs wrote that the DRA was also equipped with them.
                  1. Lester7777
                    Lester7777 23 June 2016 16: 33
                    +1
                    Good too. It’s a pity that ammunition is not strong. In general, the technique of the Second World War, still remaining in service, is an interesting topic. The only Philippine destroyer PF 11 Rajah Humabon, the 43rd year of construction, is worth it. And they’re not going to write off anything.
                    1. Mikado
                      Mikado 23 June 2016 17: 21
                      +1
                      Quote: Lester7777
                      Good too. It’s a pity that ammunition is not strong. In general, the technique of the Second World War, still remaining in service, is an interesting topic. The only Philippine destroyer PF 11 Rajah Humabon, the 43rd year of construction, is worth it. And they’re not going to write off anything.

                      What's the joke - "If you want to ruin a small poor country - give it a cruiser" (it's a pity to throw it away, but there is no money). Although the Philippines is not the most uninhabited country)) In the DPRK, the BTR-40 is also used for parades. In general, it's amazing how they keep such equipment in a combat-ready state! Ukraine was given a submarine somehow, and not during WWII, besides, and what came of it ..
  9. Tsoy
    Tsoy 23 June 2016 14: 46
    +1
    And m16 with the four browning m2 on its base is made? The Red Army was very useful self-propelled air defense systems to protect the sky in a marching column. Four large machine guns were effectively fighting enemy aircraft. The United States used them in Korea, the latter were removed from service in 1958 year.
    1. Aleksandr72
      Aleksandr72 23 June 2016 17: 50
      +1
      ZSU M16 was created on the basis of the M3 half-tracked armored personnel carrier, its version M17 (which was delivered to the USSR in the amount of 1000 pieces) was created on the basis of the M5 half-tracked armored personnel carrier (I wrote M9 by mistake). Both units were armed with an M55 quad anti-aircraft machine gun mount with 12,7 mm Browning M2 machine guns. Both Z16 M17 and M5 were almost identical, differing only in the base chassis and the details of the armored hull, as well as the basic armored personnel carriers (the M17 and MXNUMX, respectively, had a slightly thicker armor and other engines).
      Here is a photo of the Z16 MXNUMX:
    2. cast iron
      cast iron 23 June 2016 22: 06
      -1
      Oh, don't tell me. Where does an "effective" fight against aviation come from for anti-aircraft guns with manual mechanical control drives and only optical sights? Anti-aircraft batteries with target designation and special devices fought effectively against aviation. And the convoy traveling among the hills and trees is not capable of effectively repelling the attack of a rapidly appearing aircraft. They have no means of observation and target designation. Moreover, the plane appears for a very short time on a limitedly visible piece of the sky.
  10. tasha
    tasha 23 June 2016 16: 22
    +1
    Here is the paragraph from the article on warspot.ru

    Developed at the end of the 30-s of the last century, the light American armored personnel carrier M3 Scout Car, in addition to its direct purpose, was used to solve a wide range of tasks - as a command post or sentinel vehicle, a light artillery tractor or weapon platform for mortars or rocket systems. About 21000 of these machines were released, which are very popular in the US Army.


    Here is a paragraph from an article on VO

    At the end of the 1930 in the United States, a light armored personnel carrier was developed, called the M3 Scout Car. In addition to its intended purpose, it could be used to solve a very wide range of tasks: as a sentinel or command-and-vehicle vehicle, a light artillery tractor or a weapon platform for jet systems and mortars. A total of about a thousand 21 thousand armored personnel carriers of this type, which were popular not only in the American army, but also in the armies of countries that received these armored personnel carriers as part of the lend-lease program, were created in the USA.


    What can I say ... Creative work .. wink
  11. Gomunkul
    Gomunkul 23 June 2016 17: 40
    -1
    Having entered the war, the Red Army had a sufficiently large number of armored vehicles of different classes, but rather quickly lost them in the battles of the summer of 1941, and the foreign armored personnel carrier fell at an opportune moment.
    In total, more than 3000 “Scouts” were delivered to the Soviet Union,
    Those. following the logic of the author, if not for these 3000 scouts, then the Red Army would not have armored personnel carriers in general.
    For example:
    In total, during the mass production of the BA-64, from April 1942 to the beginning of 1946, 9110 of this type of armored vehicles was launched.
    So that lendlizovskie deliveries were in addition to the weapons produced domestically.
    And finally, to complete the picture:
    "Scout Car" had a very high speed on the road (up to 90 km / h), but limited mobility on rough terrain and could not provide the proper mobility of motorized infantry. For this reason, they were not widely used in the US Army, but in large quantities were supplied to the armies of England and Canada.
    1. Roman 1977
      Roman 1977 23 June 2016 21: 24
      +2
      Quote: Gomunkul
      Having entered the war, the Red Army had a sufficiently large number of armored vehicles of different classes, but rather quickly lost them in the battles of the summer of 1941, and the foreign armored personnel carrier fell at an opportune moment.
      In total, more than 3000 “Scouts” were delivered to the Soviet Union,
      Those. following the logic of the author, if not for these 3000 scouts, then the Red Army would not have armored personnel carriers in general.
      For example:
      In total, during the mass production of BA-64, from April 1942 to the beginning of 1946, 9110 armored cars of this type were produced
      So that lendlizovskie deliveries were in addition to the weapons produced domestically.
      And finally, to complete the picture:
      "Scout Car" had a very high speed on the road (up to 90 km / h), but limited mobility on rough terrain and could not provide the proper mobility of motorized infantry. For this reason, they were not widely used in the US Army, but in large quantities were supplied to the armies of England and Canada.

      Teach materiel so you do not disgrace. There were none before 1947, until the BTR-40 direct descendant of the M-3 Scout and the BTR-152 of the direct descendant of the M-3 White, whose tracks were replaced with wheels, were released. And the production figures you refer to are production numbers of ARMOR CARs Since BA-64 is compared with its crew of 2 people and machine gun DT and Scout 8 people-sss (2-crew + 6-landing) Browning M2HV caliber 12.7-spitting 1-2 Browning M1919-XXNX as it is, a few person. Everything, I repeat once again ALL of the Red Army's armored personnel carriers before 4, were either American or English-made, and during the war years they used German trophy 3. And I would advise you how to study the subject of conversation before demonstrating your complete ignorance
      1. Gomunkul
        Gomunkul 7 July 2016 09: 50
        0
        Teach your materiel so you don’t disgrace yourself later.
        Before you teach someone, please learn to read the full text yourself, which you criticize. The main point of my message was that Lend-Lease deliveries were in addition to the weapons that were produced in the USSR.
        So that lendlizovskie deliveries were in addition to the weapons produced domestically.

        PS I don’t put a minus for carelessness, I’m not petty. laughing
      2. The comment was deleted.