Military Review

Satellite hunters

35
The transcendental mystery opens with the help of the Minsk chassis.


In early December last year, the head of the US Air Force Space Command, General John Heithen, stated that Russia and China are developing weapons systems capable of destroying satellites in near-earth orbit.

Some time after the statement of the high-ranking military, the American media, citing unnamed Pentagon employees who were familiar with the situation, reported that even 18 in November 2015 had successfully passed an anti-satellite missile developed in the framework of the ROC Nudol in Russia. Nudol OKR (experimental development project) - as indicated in the American editions.

For a long time, Nudol, the work of which is carried out by the VKO Almaz-Antey concern, remained the most closed topic and was hardly mentioned not only in the open press, but also in corporate publications of defense enterprises.

Let us try to understand whether the mysterious “Nudol” is really a unique anti-satellite rocket or this system is being created to solve completely different problems.

Declassified bolts


The first references to OCR Nudol can be found in the annual report of the Head System Design Bureau of the Almaz-Antey Air Defense Concern (currently NPO Almaz) for 2011 a year. According to the document, GSKB has developed software and algorithmic software, and the funds have been fully utilized. Judging by the fact that in the text the abbreviation OCD is written with the addition of the MF, that is, an integral part, the “headache” according to “Nudol” is the Air Defense Concern itself. The customer of works, as indicated in the report of the State Specialized Design Bureau, is the Ministry of Defense.

In the same year, the mysterious Nudol appeared in the report of Avangard OJSC, a leading Russian manufacturer of large-sized fiberglass products and other plastics and rubber products. In the interests of the Ministry of Defense there began the implementation of the components of the development work (SCR R & D) on the creation of glass-reinforced plastic cups for transport and launch containers (TPK) of the product 14А042, the cipher "Nudol". And already in 2012, the company not only completed the R & D in glasses, but also released working design documentation for TPK prototypes. The presence in the product index of the letter A and the number 14 allows us to conclude that 14А042 is most likely a rocket related to space assets. Creating TPK, according to Avangard, required more than 42 million rubles.

In 2012, Nudol appeared in the annual report of the St. Petersburg Design Bureau of Special Engineering, which is part of the Almaz-Antey Concern, which develops and manufactures machines and mechanisms with hydraulic, pneumatic or electric drives while simultaneously combining high power. KBSM has prepared working documentation for the self-propelled launcher and transport-loading machine in the framework of the design and development work "Nudol". From the report for 2013, the year becomes known: the Nudol launcher carries the PNNUMX index, and the base for it is the products of the Minsk plant of wheeled tractors (MZKT). As in previous years, the work on the product and equipment was performed in full.

Satellite hunters


It is noteworthy that at the beginning of 2013, a letter from an employee of the Ekaterinburg machine-building plant named after M.I. Kalinin appeared on the Internet, where not only was the 14A042 product mentioned, but it was also confirmed that it was a rocket. If the case for a new product was manufactured at MZiK, then the final assembly was carried out at the production base of the Novator Design Bureau. The most amazing thing is that the release of the mysterious rocket was not without scandal. According to the author of the letter, he was required to install instead of special bolts on the product, as indicated in the text, “longer by five millimeters than in KD, from an unknown steel grade that does not comply with the KD coating, an unknown GOST or TU”.

31 March 2014 of the year Minsk Wheel Tractor Plant reported that the adapted modification of the hull-wheel chassis MZKT-69221 with the 032 index will be the basis for the transport vehicle of the new long-range interception system of the Russian anti-missile and anti-space defense developed in the framework of the Nudol design and development works. True now news from site MZKT removed.

At the end of 2015, a photo of the corporate calendar page of the VKO Almaz-Antey concern appeared on the Internet with the image of a certain self-propelled launcher based on a six-axle tractor MZKT-79291 with two unusually long TPCs.

Let's summarize. According to the available documents, “Nudol” is an experimental design work on the creation of a long-range interception system for antimissile and anti-space defense, the lead developer of which is Almaz-Antey. The complex should be hit by the 14А042 missiles, its development and pilot production is carried out by the Novator Design Bureau. "Nudol" is a mobile complex, part of the elements of which is installed on cars of the MZKT-69221 family, as well as, possibly, other products of the Minsk plant of wheeled tractors.

Some applied conspiracy


The complex for long-range interception of anti-missile and anti-space defense with the index 14Ц033 was mentioned in the tender, information about which is posted in July 2012 of the year on the public procurement portal. According to the requirements of the announced competition for the complex, it is planned to develop the product 14Ц031 - it is also the early warning radar. True, the document itself has already been deleted from the portal.

The product 14Ц033 can also be found in the annual report of the State Design Office Almaz-Antey for 2011, where the mention of “Nudol” also appeared for the first time. As indicated in the document, the design office developed the initial version of the software and algorithmic software (PJSC) KVP (product 14P078) of the product 14Ц033 and design documentation for the components of the 14ПХNUMX product as a body and hardware container, the program and testing procedure 078П14.

It can be assumed that the CWP is a command computing point, with a mobile one, since its components are located in the back of the container.

The authors of the article did not manage to find documentary evidence that 14Ц033 is Nudol, but this version is supported by the fact that it is unlikely that in Russia, especially in the same Almaz-Antey concern, two different complexes are being developed intercept missile and anti-space defense. But we can assume another option: "Nudol" is only part of a more advanced system 14Ц033, for example, its mobile component.

According to the reports of the corporation for 2012 and 2013, the design of the design documentation was completed and the installation batches of the main 14Ц031 radar stations with a digital adaptive phased antenna array were made, tests of the 14C033 complex components began.

The 14Ц031 radar is often referred to in connection with the recently begun work on the modernization of the A-3 anti-missile defense system of the anti-ballistic missile defense radar system located in Moscow region. Currently, the "Danube" is working on dismantling old equipment in order to prepare for the creation of the product 35Ц14. There are photos on the Internet which clearly show that the equipment on the radar is being actively dismantled.

This information is consistent with the Almaz-Antey reporting documents, which state that the first elements of 14Ц031 were not only ready for 2012 – 2013, but most likely were already installed and tested according to the list of works on the 14Ц033 complex.

According to reports, testing of 14А042 missiles began as early as 2014. 25 last April, when launched from the Plesetsk cosmodrome, an experimental rocket crashed. According to the initial Russian media reports, the weight of the fallen product was 9,6 tons, and the payload was an empty blank with instrumentation.

However, after some time, official representatives of the VKO concern made a statement that the upgraded Antey-2500 missile was launched in Plesetsk, but due to the deviation of the velocity vector in the initial part of the trajectory from the specified restrictions on the security sector, regular self-destruction occurred.

This version of events causes objective doubts. Thus, the weight of the Antey-2500 standard missiles (the export version of the C-300ВМ AAMS) is slightly more than four tons, and the 9М83 is even less - about 2,2 tons. Although we are talking about some kind of experimental rocket, it is very doubtful that its mass has grown in comparison with those already commissioned by two to four times.

Plesetsk is not a training ground in Kapustin Yar or Sary-Shagan. This is the spaceport. Its capabilities as sites for testing anti-aircraft guided missiles are very limited.

It is possible that in April 2015, the launch of the 14А042 product of the Nudol complex took place, which, unfortunately, ended in failure. It can be assumed that the rocket itself is quite dimensional, and its weight is more than nine tons, which is very close to the characteristics of the 53Т6 anti-missile, which is part of the A-125 complex.

One to one


Summarize. In Russia, a complex of long-range interception of the anti-missile and anti-space defense 14Ц033, which with high probability is the “Nudol”, is being actively created. It includes the command and computing point 14P078, the 14Ц031 early warning radar, as well as self-propelled launchers equipped with 14X042 missiles.

Taking into account the location of the 14Ц031 radar in the Chekhov region near Moscow, it can be assumed that Nudol is initially included or partially integrated into the larger-scale anti-missile defense system A-235, also known as Samolet-M. It is noteworthy that in many documents these systems are indicated with a comma.

Separately, it is worthwhile to dwell on automobile chassis, which can be used for mounting SPU and TZM of the 14Ц033 complex. So far, it is reliably known only about MZKT-69221, which, according to the statement of the Minsk wheel tractor plant, will become the base for the transport vehicles of the new complex.

69221 is a rather popular product in the Almaz-Antey concern. On its base, in particular, launchers of the Buk anti-aircraft missile system are already being mounted. One such car was presented at the corporation’s exposition at last year’s Moscow Aviation and Space Salon in Zhukovsky.

If the version that 2015А14 was launched from Plesetsk in April 042, is true, then the MZKT-69221 tractor is hardly suitable for the base role for the self-propelled launcher. As a SPU and TZM, it should rather be considered a heavier and more dimensional MZKT-79291, the launcher on the basis of which hit the picture in the corporate calendar of the VKO Almaz-Antey concern.

It can be assumed that elements of the command-computing point 69221P14 or other components of the complex that provide communication and transmission of information will most likely be placed on more compact MZKT-078 units.

But can the “Nudol” intercept satellites, as the representatives of the Pentagon claim? The indices of all the products that make up the complex, where the 14 figure is present, are in favor of this version, which means they belong to space assets. We must not forget that in the name of the system there is the phrase “anti-space defense”.

Again, if the version that last year in the Arkhangelsk region failed precisely for 14А042 is correct, it is likely that the anti-satellite capabilities of Nudol by Almaz-Antey specialists are at least practiced. It is worth recalling that the Russian anti-missile tests are not being carried out in Plesetsk, but in Kazakhstan’s Sary-Shagan, it’s the 10 State Test Site of the Russian Defense Ministry.

Against the anti-satellite version weapons says the fact that the weight of the latest missile is just over 9,6 tons, this makes 14A042 more likely a short-range interceptor missile with the caveat about the possibility of hitting targets outside the atmosphere. Suffice it to say that the long-range 51T6 long-range interceptor missile, which had already been taken out of service, weighed a little more than 30 tons, which is an order of magnitude more than the Nudol.

But even without having the ability to shoot down enemy satellites, 14Ц033 provides the Russian Aerospace forces with truly unique capabilities, at times increasing their combat potential. Currently, the anti-missile launchers that make up the ABM A-135 and the new A-235 missile systems are located in the mines, which are known to our likely opponents for a long time. “Nudol” is a maneuverable complex, which makes it possible to unfold and hit targets secretly from enemy intelligence assets.

It begs the analogy with the mine launchers of ICBMs and mobile ground-based missile complexes. After all, it is impossible to deny the fact that the presence in service of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation the PGRK Topol, Topol-M and Yars-M serves as the most important deterrent factor for our likely adversary.
Author:
Originator:
http://vpk-news.ru/articles/31120
35 comments
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  1. avg-mgn
    avg-mgn 25 June 2016 07: 28
    +6
    they demanded that instead of special bolts be installed on the product, as indicated in the text, “five millimeters longer than in the CD, from an unknown grade of steel, not corresponding to the CD coating, unknown GOST or TU

    This is how the country's defense capability is being ruined; in general, the scent has already been lost. The fate of this demander is not known, but it is a pity ...
    1. AUL
      AUL 25 June 2016 11: 03
      +1
      As usual, effective managers optimize production!
    2. Ustinov 055 055
      Ustinov 055 055 30 June 2016 10: 51
      0
      Quote: avg-mgn
      they demanded that instead of special bolts be installed on the product, as indicated in the text, “five millimeters longer than in the CD, from an unknown grade of steel, not corresponding to the CD coating, unknown GOST or TU

      This is how the country's defense capability is being ruined; in general, the scent has already been lost. The fate of this demander is not known, but it is a pity ...

      I am related to the production of some products, AND FOR EVERYONE ON THIS SITE NOT DEDICATED, I say there is a replacement of material in bolts, bearings, etc. Do you know why ?????? Yes, because the designers newly mapped up by our universities in KD bring old bolts with old GUESTS that no factory and enterprise already produce, and it takes 1,5 months to agree on a replacement for another bolt with a military, and so on everywhere. I just can’t write about a lot of secrecy
  2. romex1
    romex1 25 June 2016 07: 43
    0
    hmm ... and do our overseas partners draw any conclusions? Do they have similar designs? Has Star Wars Begun?
    1. Black Colonel
      Black Colonel 25 June 2016 08: 15
      +7
      They do not have bolts 5 mm longer than in the CD and from an unknown steel grade, not corresponding to the CD coating, unknown GOST or TU. This is their Achilles' heel.
    2. Tsoy
      Tsoy 25 June 2016 10: 12
      +1
      They do not have mobile complexes, because this direction has not gone. But there are missiles for transatmospheric interception. SM3 hit targets on 240 km.
  3. avg-mgn
    avg-mgn 25 June 2016 09: 03
    +2
    Quote: Black Colonel
    They do not have bolts 5 mm longer than in the CD and from an unknown steel grade, not corresponding to the CD coating, unknown GOST or TU. This is their Achilles' heel.

    Bravo! I have a dozen lying around, I’ll send address whispers for free to help partners.
  4. masiya
    masiya 25 June 2016 10: 15
    0
    Something heaped up a lot, but not specifics, they themselves write: "The authors of the article could not find documentary evidence that 14TS033 is Nudol," the Almaz-Antey concern is developing two different long-range intercept systems for anti-missile and anti-space defense. But another option can be assumed: Nudol is only a part of the more developed 14TS033 system, for example, its mobile component. " and is it worth talking about what may be there, but apparently not ...
  5. Old26
    Old26 25 June 2016 10: 35
    +11
    Against the version of anti-satellite weapons is the fact that the weight of the latest rocket just over 9,6 tonsThis makes 14A042 more likely a short-range interceptor missile, with the caveat that it is possible to hit targets outside the atmosphere. Suffice it to say that the long-range 51T6 long-range interceptor missile already weighed more than 30 tons, which is an order of magnitude more than Nudol.

    It is interesting to read this phrase. I always thought that the phrase "an order of magnitude" means a difference of 10 times. And here almost 10 tons and 30 tons - and an order of magnitude? laughing

    Quote: romex1
    hmm ... and do our overseas partners draw any conclusions? Do they have similar designs? Has Star Wars Begun?

    Of course they do. For example, the conclusion is that our anti-satellite missile has not reached the stage where we can talk about its configuration and readiness for production. They all monitor such launches very tightly.
    And of course they have similar developments. These are options for their GBI interceptor. The main version is already on combat duty in Alaska and California, options are being tested. The range, depending on the trajectory, is from 2000 to 5000 km, the interception height is up to 2000 km. True, fortunately for us they also do not succeed ...

    Quote: masiya
    Something heaped up a lot, but not specifics, they themselves write: "The authors of the article could not find documentary evidence that 14TS033 is Nudol," the Almaz-Antey concern is developing two different long-range intercept systems for anti-missile and anti-space defense. But another option can be assumed: Nudol is only a part of the more developed 14TS033 system, for example, its mobile component. " and is it worth talking about what may be there, but it seems to be not ..

    Of course heaped up. The whole analysis is based on the analysis of indices plus materials from open sources. And now they are only reprinting info from each other.
    As for the "photo" of the launcher from the corporate calendar, the EMNIP was discussed by Dmitry Kornev on the forum. Namely, a photo of the PGRK launch was taken and a third cockpit was drawn in the center. Moreover, all other parts, including fire extinguishers, remained like the car from the PGRK. Moreover, one more detail is not clear then. If this launcher is for "Nudoli", more precisely for 14A042, then placing it on a launch rocket with a liquid-propellant engine is somehow knocked out of the previously existing one.

    Quote: Choi
    They do not have mobile complexes, because this direction has not gone. But there are missiles for transatmospheric interception. SM3 hit targets on 240 km.

    They have an interception complex with altitudes up to 150-200 km. THAAD And he is mobile. True to the satellites, he never worked.
    1. forumow
      forumow 25 June 2016 11: 25
      +1
      Quote: Old26
      If this launcher is for "Nudoli", more precisely for 14A042, then placing it on a launch rocket with a liquid-propellant engine is somehow knocked out of the previously existing one.

      Rocket engine? What did you draw such a conclusion from?

      And so I agree - fortune-telling on coffee grounds. On the chassis of the MZKT-79291, on which the new PGRK MBR RS-26 will also be based, with a missile weighing 30-40 tons, it is quite possible to build PUs for the analogue of the American GMD with GBI anti-missiles - 12,7 tons each and with a range of launch up to 5500 km. Such a problem with the defeat of satellites will definitely not be. Moreover, there have already been reports of such works:

      https://topwar.ru/64386-gonka-vooruzheniy-rossiya-perehodit-k-simmetrichnym-otve


      tam.html

      https://topwar.ru/64611-protivoraketnyy-zontik.html
    2. Tsoy
      Tsoy 25 June 2016 14: 03
      0
      Quote: Old26
      They have an interception complex with altitudes up to 150-200 km. THAAD And he is mobile. True to the satellites, he never worked.


      I therefore did not mention it. Although in theory, it is probably quite able to perform these functions.
    3. aba
      aba 26 June 2016 14: 05
      0
      And here almost 10 tons and 30 tons - and an order of magnitude? laughing

      If mathematically, then everything is correct:
      9,6 are units
      30 is dozens
    4. voyaka uh
      voyaka uh 26 June 2016 14: 18
      0
      "THAAD. And he's mobile. True, he never worked on satellites." ////

      The IJIS marine system shot down a satellite
  6. serverny
    serverny 25 June 2016 11: 34
    0
    A good overall analytical article was constipation by the cheap method of jaundice magazines.
    9,6 tons ... 51T6 weighed a little more than 30 tons, which is an order of magnitude more than Nudol.

    An order of magnitude is 10 times the minimum! What was this miscarriage of logic?
    And in improving the weight and size characteristics by 3 times with comparable or better performance characteristics, there is nothing special considering that 51T6 is a product from the beginning of the 70s, with a very long development time and the beginning of production in the 80th.
    1. Phoenix_L'vov
      Phoenix_L'vov 7 November 2016 08: 47
      0
      This is an order of magnitude
      Quote: serverny
      A good overall analytical article was constipation by the cheap method of jaundice magazines.
      9,6 tons ... 51T6 weighed a little more than 30 tons, which is an order of magnitude more than Nudol.

      An order of magnitude is 10 times the minimum! What was this miscarriage of logic?
      And in improving the weight and size characteristics by 3 times with comparable or better performance characteristics, there is nothing special considering that 51T6 is a product from the beginning of the 70s, with a very long development time and the beginning of production in the 80th.

      - not at all ten times, the orders of numbers are 1, 10, 100, 1000 - each time a zero is added to the next order of numbers, after which we are talking about tens, hundredths or thousands from units, so that the weight of the product weighs 9 tons and the product weighing 30 tons - these are really different orders.
      1. Baursak
        Baursak 8 December 2016 08: 09
        0
        And 9 tons and 19 tons - they also differ by an order of magnitude, and not more than twice as much?
        Something is wrong with your logic.
  7. The comment was deleted.
  8. serverny
    serverny 25 June 2016 11: 41
    +1
    Quote: Old26
    They have an interception complex with a height of up to 150-200 km. THAAD.

    Well, here you have attributed to them too much.
    THAAD missiles have an estimated range of 125 miles (200 km), and can reach an altitude of 93 miles (150 km)

    Interception at maximum altitude in fact they have never performed in trials. So it’s not worth adding another 50 km from above.
  9. Old26
    Old26 25 June 2016 12: 48
    +2
    Quote: forumow
    Rocket engine? What did you draw such a conclusion from?

    As far as I remember, but the missiles in the designation system that GUKOS (that in group 11, that in group 14), that the Strategic Missile Forces (group 15) letter А in the index means rocket with rocket engine. Solid fuel letter Ж
  10. Mountain shooter
    Mountain shooter 25 June 2016 13: 24
    +5
    An anti-satellite weapon is one that, in the event of a serious mess, will blind and interrupt the connection of a potential enemy in a very short time. And all his (weapons) development MUST be classified under the top secret. As well as tests. Russia undoubtedly possesses space launch technologies. And the fact that by typing information from the network, it is possible to "open" a top-secret development - seems unlikely. While dealing with some elements of such technologies, I dare to assure you that you WILL NOT FIND ANY traces of such technologies in open sources.
    1. sa-ag
      sa-ag 25 June 2016 17: 39
      +2
      Quote: Mountain Shooter
      An anti-satellite weapon is one that, in the event of a serious mess, will blind and disconnect from a likely enemy in a very short time.

      Well, actually, communication and navigation satellites hang on a geostatsinar about 36000 km from the surface, so anti-satellite missiles with a range of up to low orbits (up to 400 km) will not cause harm
      1. bk316
        bk316 27 June 2016 01: 27
        +3
        Quote: sa-ag
        communication satellites and navigation hang on a geostatsinar approximately 36000 km from

        No, actually. I don’t even know where such a misunderstanding comes from, yet they saw that GPS satellites are of different numbers at different times, you can even watch on the phone how they move around the celestial sphere. This is precisely because the orbit is not geostationary.
      2. bk316
        bk316 27 June 2016 01: 27
        +2
        Quote: sa-ag
        communication satellites and navigation hang on a geostatsinar approximately 36000 km from

        No, actually. I don’t even know where such a misunderstanding comes from, yet they saw that GPS satellites are of different numbers at different times, you can even watch on the phone how they move around the celestial sphere. This is precisely because the orbit is not geostationary.
        1. Baursak
          Baursak 8 December 2016 08: 32
          0
          Indeed, even in serious literature, there is a statement that GPS and GLONASS satellites hang in a geostationary orbit at an altitude of 35786 km. In fact, they are medium-altitude satellites and occupy a range from 5000 to 15000 kilometers. There are also low-altitude satellites, including military ones.
          And geostationary, a special case of geosynchronous orbit, is mainly used by telecommunication satellites, it is of little interest to the military, because it is located high above the Earth's equator.
  11. bad
    bad 25 June 2016 19: 44
    +1
    about "Armata" how many years are all sorts of hypotheses, "leaks", information from "trustworthy sources" and other crap printed and sucked like Bobik "brain bone" but what's the point? Here's more information about our own secret weapon to learn from "experts" from overseas .. absurdity and insanity! fool the time will come at a parade on Red Square .. well, or at exercises .. repeat
  12. qQQQ
    qQQQ 25 June 2016 20: 24
    0
    that the weight of the latest missile is just over 9,6 tons, this makes the 14A042 more likely a short-range interceptor missile, with the caveat that it is possible to hit targets outside the atmosphere. Suffice it to say that the long-range 51T6 long-range interceptor missile, which had already been taken out of service, weighed a little more than 30 tons, which is an order of magnitude more than the Nudol.

    The order is 10 times, respectively, it weighs an order of magnitude more - it is 96 tons. We still need to be friends with mathematics at the school level.
  13. Simple
    Simple 25 June 2016 20: 49
    +2
    Seventh water on jelly ...
    I did not like the article.
    Well no data. What to fence the garden?
    30?
    Link to an old pr with shrapnel compress or special warhead?
    Oh well. Why goat button accordion then?
    1. Tsoy
      Tsoy 25 June 2016 20: 57
      0
      on the warhead flashed information about the kinetic interceptor. Again at the level of rumors. While this is only overseas.
      1. Simple
        Simple 26 June 2016 02: 32
        +2
        Quote: Choi
        While this is only overseas.

        rocket 79M6 "Contact" with kinetic satellite interceptor (developer - MKB "Fakel") /
        Complex 30П6 Contact / MiG-31Д / 79М6 = Resolution of the Central Committee of the CPSU and the Council of Ministers of the USSR No.1124-361 dated November 29.11.1983, XNUMX


        Well, in general, “Outfit” (GRAU indices - 14Ф10 and 14Ф11 for modification "Outfit-B")
        1. Tsoy
          Tsoy 26 June 2016 13: 35
          +2
          79M6 "Contact" developed by MKB "Fakel". The development of the rocket began in 1978 and, according to indirect data, was not brought to the stage of flight tests ...

          And the moment-31d can hardly be called "in flight readiness".

          Workout-B, carrier rumble, was designed as a response to the initiative of the PIO. The development of the interceptor satellite was carried out by the machine-building design bureau (Kolomna). Works ceased at the start of 90's.

          Complex IS-MU / IZZ 14Ф10
          Media 11K69 Cyclone-2

          AES-interceptor 14F10 developed by NPO Mashinostroyenia (Reutov). According to some sources - with 4 space-to-space missiles. The developments were used in 14F11 after 1984.

          Complex 75P6 / IS-MD Outfit / AES 14Ф11

          Cyclone-3 launch vehicle developed by Yuzhnoye Design Bureau. Development discontinued in 1993.
  14. cherkas.oe
    cherkas.oe 25 June 2016 23: 23
    0
    An article from the area: - "From under the footfall of hooves, dust flies across the field." And we have to swallow it. Ugh. No.
  15. ivanovbg
    ivanovbg 26 June 2016 07: 47
    +1
    Saved for the article, I was very interested to read about Nudol in one place.
  16. surrozh
    surrozh 26 June 2016 10: 47
    +3
    Not an article, but a criminal investigation. But I liked it, given the lack of open data.
  17. Großer feldherr
    Großer feldherr 26 June 2016 20: 08
    +1
    Sorry, but such a missile a priori is simply more expensive than the target itself (satellite). what
    But what about the famous "alternative answer"?
    EWs, lasers blinding (burning out?) The sensors of the enemy apparatus, which are so eloquently written about. Truth, as always, somewhere nearby ...
  18. Mikhail Krapivin
    Mikhail Krapivin 26 June 2016 23: 56
    +2
    I was not far off, I thought that we have buckets of titanium nails spinning in the given orbits, which will explode in the X-hour and mow down everything that is flying in orbit in order to deprive our "partners" of all their technological advantages ..
  19. romashki74
    romashki74 10 November 2016 08: 38
    0
    "They say the spies poisoned the water. With moonshine. Well, and now the bread is made of fish scales." ...