Military Review

Missile system M142 HIMARS (USA). Characteristics and influence on the situation

34
Continued joint exercises of the NATO forces Saber Strike 2016. As part of this event, military personnel of several countries of the North Atlantic Alliance in the conditions of training grounds in the territory of a number of Eastern European states are engaged in working out the interaction and solving the assigned combat training tasks. To participate in the maneuvers attracted a large number of soldiers and officers, as well as various military equipment belonging to different countries. Two units of combat vehicles delivered to Eastern Europe attracted the attention of the press abroad and in our country.


The 14 of June at the airport of Tallinn (Estonia) landed a C-17 Globemaster III military transport aircraft from the 164 transport aircraft wing of the Tennessee National Guard. On board the aircraft were two combat vehicles of the M142 HIMARS type. This technique, also owned by the National Guard, was delivered to the Baltic States to participate in the current Saber Strike 2016 exercises. As part of the exercises, the missile complexes were to go to one of the ranges that became a platform for maneuvers, and then attack conventional targets.

The transfer of missile systems attracted the attention of foreign and domestic press. For example, in some foreign publications, the participation of two HIMARS systems in the Baltic exercises was called an "unequivocal signal to Moscow". Officials of the Pentagon, in turn, have done without such bold and even provocative statements. According to official data, rocket complexes are attracted to the exercises in order to work out the interaction of the armies of several countries and to gain experience in working at new test sites.


M142 HIMARS is firing. Photo of Wikimedia Commons


Foreign press reviews about the M142 HIMARS complexes and their capabilities, as well as the political implications of the transfer of such equipment cannot but attract attention. Consider these systems and try to determine what kind of threat they can pose to Russia, being deployed in the countries of Eastern Europe.

The first work on the HIMARS (High-Mobility Artillery Rocket System) system was carried out in the eighties. The M270 MLRS MLRS that existed at that time met its requirements in terms of its main characteristics, but its mobility might not be sufficient for solving some tasks. As a result, it was required to create a new similar system in a more mobile version. By the beginning of the nineties, the possibility of creating a relatively compact launcher with six guides for 227-mm rockets, which could be placed on an airborne chassis, was determined.

In the middle of 1990, the Pentagon formed the requirements for a new multiple launch rocket system with high mobility and mobility. After a few years, a prototype of the HIMARS system was put to the test, which, however, was noticeably different from subsequent production machines. At the beginning of 1996, Lockheed Martin was awarded a contract to complete design work and build several full-fledged prototypes of the new system. The fulfillment of the terms of this contract allowed us to complete the project and prepare new combat vehicles for mass production. After a series of necessary tests, in 2003, the M142 HIMARS complex was put into service. It should be noted that the adoption of weapons did not lead to a halt of various works. The creation of new ammunition for the missile complex continues for a long time and does not stop until now.

When developing the new HIMARS project, the main task was to ensure high mobility of the equipment on the battlefield, as well as to simplify the transfer of military transport aircraft. Such requirements led to the choice of one of the available serial wheeled chassis. In addition, it was decided to recycle the existing launcher with a reduction in ammunition in half. As a result, the missile system retained some basic characteristics, as well as improved some of the other parameters.

Missile system M142 HIMARS (USA). Characteristics and influence on the situation
Two combat vehicles in the cockpit of a military transport aircraft. Photo of Army.mil


The basis for the M142 HIMARS combat vehicle is a three-axle all-wheel drive chassis of the FMTV family with a 5 tonnage. The base car is built according to the bonded layout and receives a set of necessary units. Thus, serial equipment can receive both regular and protected cockpit. Behind the cab on the chassis mounted unit of additional equipment, and the cargo area of ​​the frame is given for the placement of a turntable with a launcher.

The total length of the vehicle is 7 m, the width of the 2,4 m, height (in the stowed position) is 3,2 m. The complex is managed by a crew of three, located inside the cabin. According to the company-developer, if necessary, all operations to control the combat vehicle can be performed by one person.

At the rear of the chassis is placed a turntable with drives for horizontal and vertical guidance. It is possible to shoot in any direction with elevation angles from -2 ° to + 60 °. The control of the pickup drives is carried out from the console located in the cabin. The fire control systems of the M142 HIMARS complex are unified with the equipment of the MLRS complex.

The launcher of the M142 machine is designed taking into account the developments in the MLRS system, and also uses some of its units. The installation is a U-shaped device with mounts for interchangeable guide packages. In addition, on the top of the launcher placed faucet recharge system. This launcher design allows the HIMARS complex to use standard transport and launch containers made for M270 MLRS.


Unloading machinery in Estonia. Photo of Army.mil


The container is a block of several (in the standard version - 6) fiberglass transport-launch containers of tubular design with guides to give the missiles rotation. Containers are interconnected by several frames-clips, which allows simultaneous operations with the entire package. The ammunition is placed in containers at the factory, and then sealed covers are installed. Removing or otherwise servicing the missiles before firing is not provided.

For recharging, the launcher turns back in the direction of travel, after which the lifting frame of the lifting device extends from its upper part. Using a set of cables and hooks, the package of containers is lifted from the ground or from the cargo platform of the transport vehicle, after which it is placed inside the launcher. Dismantling of the used package is carried out in the same way.

An important feature of MLRS and HIMARS multiple launch rocket systems is a wide range of compatible ammunition. Due to the lack of its own launch guides, the machine can carry containers with missiles of various types and different calibers. Thanks to this self-propelled launcher can carry from one to six missiles with different characteristics.

Being a simplified and lightweight version of the M270 MLRS, the M142 HIMARS system retains the ability to use existing ammunition. In addition, unified and new types of rockets. Products borrowed from an existing project are often referred to as MFOM (MLRS Family of Munitions - “MLRS Ammunition Family”). This family includes both unmanaged and managed systems. All MFOM shells have a caliber of 227 mm and a length of 3,94 m, but differ in weight and combat load. Regardless of the types of missiles, the HIMARS launcher can carry ammunition of six shells.


HIMARS with secured cabin. Photo Lockheedmartin.com


The following missiles have been developed for MLRS and HIMARS:
- M26 and its modifications. Equipped with cumulative fragmentation ammunition in quantities from 518 to 644 pieces. Flight range, depending on the modification, ranges from 32 to 45 km;
- M30. Projectile with 404 submunitions and a combined control system based on inertial and satellite navigation. Able to fly 84 km;
- M31. Modification of the M30 product with a high-explosive fragmentation warhead weighing 90 kg. The remaining characteristics do not change.

A number of new missiles compatible with M270 and M142 have also been developed by several foreign countries. They are designed to solve various problems and differ in different characteristics.

When needed, multiple rocket launchers can be used as tactical missile systems. In this case, the AFOM (Army TACMS Family of Munitions - ATACMS Army Ammunition Family) guides should be mounted on the launcher. Products of this line, also known as M39 or MGM-140, are unguided and guided missiles with different combat payloads and various range indicators. In service are the following missiles:
- MGM-140A. An unguided rocket with a range of 128 km. Combat load in the form of 950 high-explosive submunitions;
- MGM-140B. Rocket with a range of 165 km and a combined inertial-satellite control system. Carries 275 high-explosive ordnance;
- MGM-140E. At the moment, the most advanced development of the family, differing flight range to 270 km. Used control system. The target is delivered 227-kg high-explosive fragmentation warhead.

After adopting the M142 HIMARS complex, the development of ammunition for it did not stop. For this reason, the development of new missiles for one purpose or another continues to this day. The focus is on the development of MGM-140 ATACMS missiles. Such weapons can solve problems that are inaccessible to the ammunition of the MFOM family, which causes an increased interest on the part of the customer. Attempts were also made to refine the complex for the use of existing and advanced anti-aircraft missiles.


Recharge process. The lifting device is extended, the package of containers is being prepared for loading. Photo Rbase.new-factoria.ru


After carrying out all the necessary tests, the new M142 HIMARS complexes went into series. By the middle of the two thousand years, this technique entered the army, after which its development began. Later, several new contracts were signed for the supply of HIMARS systems for the army, the Marine Corps and the National Guard. To date, American gunners from various structures have received a total of 417 missile systems and a significant number of ammunition of all compatible types.

Over time, part of the serial equipment was sent to hot spots. So, in February, 2010, one of the units armed with M142, participated in the fighting for the first time. During one of the operations in Afghanistan, two missile launches were made. The products seriously deviated from the required trajectory, as a result of which they fell away from the chosen target and led to the death of several civilians. Until the end of the investigation, the operation of HIMARS systems was suspended. In the future, the problems were solved, which allowed to return the complexes to operation.

Since November 2015, HIMARS complexes sent to Iraq have been involved in the fight against terrorists. Since then, several hundred missile launches of various types on various enemy targets have been carried out. Due to the continuing unfavorable situation in the region, it should be expected that the operation of these systems will continue for a long time, and the total consumption of ammunition will increase several times in comparison with the existing indicators.

A few days ago, two M142 HIMARS military vehicles of the Tennessee National Guard were deployed to Estonia to participate in the joint NATO exercise Saber Strike 2016. During this event, the crews of the complexes successfully coped with the tasks set by completing the transfer to the required landfill, followed by firing at training targets.


Control panel installed in the cockpit. Photo Rbase.new-factoria.ru


A number of foreign media called the transfer of HIMARS systems to the Baltic States "a signal for Moscow." Recently, relations between Russia and NATO have worsened, and regular exercises in Eastern Europe, at a minimum distance from Russian borders, only worsen the situation. In addition, unfriendly publications in the foreign press do not contribute to the establishment of relations.

It should be noted that the authors of the version of the "signal" are to a certain extent right. The transfer of multiple launch rocket systems can indeed be regarded as an aggressive step that does not contribute to defusing the situation. With the possibility of attacking targets at distances from 30 to 270 km, such complexes can be dangerous for border objects. The existence of a wide range of combat units and the relatively high accuracy of the adjusted ammunition only increase the risks and also make the threat more serious.

The latest American missile systems should be considered with Russian developments of a similar purpose. First of all, the HIMARS system forces us to recall the MLRS 9K58 Smerch. Combat vehicles of this type are capable of making a salvo of 12 mm 300 shells. Depending on the type of ammunition used, targets are hit at a distance of up to 70-90 km. Combat units of various types are delivered to targets, both unitary and cluster with different submunitions.

The modernization project “Tornado-S” is also being implemented, within the framework of which the control system of the complex is being updated, and new ammunition is being created. Missiles capable of flying up to 120 km, while maintaining combat qualities at the level of existing missiles.


MLRS M270 MLRS fires an ATACMS missile. Photo of Wikimedoa Commons


The M142 HIMARS combat vehicle can be used not only as a multiple rocket launcher system, but also as a tactical missile system. In this case, the Russian counterparts of the complex can be considered the systems "Tochka-U" and "Iskander." Depending on the type of rocket, the Tochka-U complex is capable of hitting targets at distances up to 120 km, and Iskander up to 500 km. Also offered various missile warheads.

There are concerns that M142 HIMARS can be deployed on a permanent basis in Eastern Europe. In this case, you will need some kind of response to new threats. It is noteworthy that one of the options for such a response already exists. Earlier in foreign and domestic sources, information appeared about the transfer of Iskander complexes to the Kaliningrad region. In addition, such transport tasks were repeatedly worked out during the exercise. Due to the deployment of such systems in the western regions of the country, including in the Kaliningrad region, the possibility of hitting targets in the territory of large parts of Eastern Europe is provided.

The combination of the characteristics of the M142 HIMARS missile systems, as well as the characteristic features of the systems themselves and their ammunition, make it necessary to consider such a technique to be quite a serious threat requiring an answer. Whether such a technique will remain in the Baltic States, or will be returned to the United States after the completion of the current exercise, is still unknown. Nevertheless, such risks need to be taken into account now and build appropriate plans. How the situation will develop further - time will tell.


On the materials of the sites:
http://army.mil/
http://lockheedmartin.com/
http://tvzvezda.ru/
https://rg.ru/
http://rbase.new-factoria.ru/
http://globalsecurity.org/
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  1. Malkor
    Malkor 21 June 2016 07: 18
    +12
    Significantly, I didn’t even think that Amers had such a flexible missile system - a good idea, cons - a small ammunition load of the container. We need to not doze off and react proactively.
    1. xetai9977
      xetai9977 21 June 2016 10: 08
      +9
      Serious car! One of the best in the class!
    2. alexmach
      alexmach 22 June 2016 19: 43
      +2
      Actually a small margin is a consequence of the requirements for maneuverability and air transport. I also liked the implementation of the idea of ​​modularity.
  2. igordok
    igordok 21 June 2016 07: 45
    +3
    Perhaps the eye is letting me down, but the launch rocket visually has a caliber larger than the caps (plugs) on the right container.
    The question is, can HIMARS be equipped simultaneously with containers (left and right) with different calibers and what for?

    The last photo in the article.
    1. Wedmak
      Wedmak 21 June 2016 08: 04
      +5
      In my opinion, this is just one of the common boot configurations. More than once flashed on TV and photos. Haha, it's hard to say. Even more difficult to determine the tactics of action with such a load.
    2. Volga Cossack
      Volga Cossack 21 June 2016 08: 07
      +5
      the eye does not fail — it’s MLRS — more than 2 packets — one is charged ATACMS — left — in right 6 in the rocket pack ........
      1. igordok
        igordok 21 June 2016 08: 41
        0
        Quote: Volga Cossack
        in the 2 package - one charged ATACMS-left- in the right 6 in the missile package ........

        What for? Different calibres - different ranges. It is necessary to direct again.
        Or "smart missiles" first, and then "stupid" ones.
        1. alexmach
          alexmach 22 June 2016 19: 46
          +1
          Well, firstly, in those 6 containers, you can also load smart, just a shorter range. But why - all the same tactical flexibility. Found a target and decide for yourself how to hit it
    3. The comment was deleted.
    4. MaksoMelan
      MaksoMelan 21 June 2016 08: 54
      +2
      I think it can. It's just a container. Not a bad idea, you don't need a loader. It is just that containers brought by trucks can even be unloaded at pre-designated places. No need to pull a heavy loading machine. I play Wargame Red Dragon toy. I was also embarrassed by this, because there is such a chtuka, despite the visible covers, it releases only two missiles with a cluster charge, while our tornado covers the area with all the ammunition, and that only a heel of the probable location is also cassette against equipment. Then I figured out that there are only two missiles and not 12. Although there everything is for alliance, but for some reason only this was given to amers, and in other NATO countries there are even 12 charging machines in the game. But ours sweep everything! Super technique. Immediately the army can be covered. But only in the cassette version, high-explosive options are generally bullshit in the game. Is that Pinocchio gives heat (maybe they will add sunshine with tmbz, there would be beauty at all), well, our modern technology. In general, I think it is necessary to cover all border accumulations of our troops with "mercury". On round-the-clock duty. Scary. Reminds (God forbid) the accumulation of equipment before the Second World War.
  3. kugelblitz
    kugelblitz 21 June 2016 09: 02
    0
    The idea of ​​the container is certainly interesting, at the initial stages the Tornado had one. On the other hand, small ammunition, loading the same Tornado is also mechanized, albeit more slowly.

    1. venik
      venik 21 June 2016 11: 37
      +6
      Quote: kugelblitz
      On the other hand, small ammunition


      Do not forget, please, that the car is AIR TRANSPORTABLE, in fact it was designed for this! Up to 4 pieces fit in Galaxy! Hence the decrease in the capacity of the PU (by the way, at the Grads for the Airborne Forces - also only 12 pipes, not 40). And they tried to solve the problem of small ammunition by increasing the accuracy and power of the BP and their variety.
  4. Lt. Air Force stock
    Lt. Air Force stock 21 June 2016 11: 07
    0
    The modernization project “Tornado-S” is also being implemented, within the framework of which the control system of the complex is being updated, and new ammunition is being created. Missiles capable of flying up to 120 km, while maintaining combat qualities at the level of existing missiles.

    In Tornado-C, it seems that the shells are adjustable (military reception was said in the program).
    The Tornado-S modernization project is also being implemented.

    So it’s possible to upgrade the Tornado to the level of Tornado-S? I thought the new MLRS only produce, and do not upgrade existing ones to a more modern one.
    1. venik
      venik 21 June 2016 11: 48
      +1
      Quote: Lt. air force reserve
      So it’s possible to upgrade the Tornado to the level of Tornado-S?


      As far as I understand, ammunition for the "Tornado" and "Tornado-S" are compatible (in terms of weight and size) and interchangeable.
      In order for "Smerch" to be able to use ALL the capabilities of the shells created for the "Tornado-S", it is necessary, first of all, to introduce equipment for entering target data into the satellite correction unit into the BM.
      Where so!
  5. corporal
    corporal 21 June 2016 16: 19
    +1
    .... should be considered with Russian developments of a similar purpose ...... at ranges of 70-90 km.
    - MGM-140A .... with a range of 128 km.
    - MGM-140B. 165 km missile
    - MGM-140E. .... characterized by a range of up to 270 km.


    I can not see similar Russian developments.
    And there is no need to compare MLRS with Tochka-U and Iskander. am
    1. Verdun
      Verdun 21 June 2016 17: 18
      +9
      Quote: Corporal
      I do not see any similar Russian developments.
      And there is no need to compare MLRS with "Tochka-U" and "Iskander"

      The entire MGM-140 family is not ammunition for MLRS, but tactical missiles, for the launch of which the possibility of using the M142 HIMARS launcher is implemented. That is why there are comparisons with Tochka-U and Iskander. However, there are two points to which you should pay special attention.
      1. Missiles of different types require different control systems and different strength characteristics of PU. It is not obvious that the creation of a single launcher for launching missiles both at a range of 40 km and at a range of 140 km is really worthwhile. Figuratively speaking, if your pistol shoots with ammunition of 11,43 caliber, then what is the use of shooting 5,45 caliber of it?
      2. To evaluate MLRS missiles and tactical missiles exclusively in range is incorrect. Their speed and warhead power are also important. What is the use if a missile delivers long-range warheads of low power, or moves at a low speed, making it easier to intercept air defense systems?
    2. Lopatov
      Lopatov 21 June 2016 18: 11
      +10
      Quote: Corporal
      And there is no need to compare MLRS with "Tochka-U" and "Iskander"

      What "MLRS", dear?

      In fact, HIMARS and MLRS are no longer MLRS. Unmanaged PCs have not been produced for them since 2003. Moreover, from the year before last, their disposal began.

      These are already tactical missile systems. And it is precisely with "Tochka" and "Iskander" that they must be compared. And nothing else.

      The British LIMAWS (R), which is essentially a lightweight version of HIMARS, has lost the ability to fire unguided PCs at all. She has no turning mechanism. Only lifting. And only at a fixed constant angle for all firing ranges.
      1. Verdun
        Verdun 21 June 2016 18: 25
        +3
        Quote: Spade
        The British LIMAWS (R), which is essentially a lightweight version of HIMARS, has lost the ability to fire unguided PCs at all.

        Also a very controversial decision. Constant complication, which means increasing the cost of ammunition, is not a good idea. Far from always due to quality it is possible to solve the problem of quantity. Shooting with expensive URs at penny cost targets is the entertainment of wealthy, but not too smart people.
        1. Lopatov
          Lopatov 21 June 2016 18: 49
          +5
          Quote: Verdun
          Also a very controversial decision. Constant complication, which means increasing the cost of ammunition, is not a good idea.


          Not everything is so simple ... Missiles even in an uncontrolled version are always much more expensive than conventional ones.

          And their "intellectualization" does not really increase the cost. Under the 2000 contract one unmanaged PC long range cost 101 thousand dollars. In 2008 managed by gmlrs was worth 127 thousand dollars

          Quote: Verdun
          Shooting with expensive URs at penny cost targets is the entertainment of wealthy, but not too smart people.

          Shooting dozens of expensive URS for a pretty cheap price instead of shooting hundreds of expensive unguided RSs is really entertainment for the rich. This allows them to remain rich 8))))))))))))))))))
      2. Operator
        Operator 21 June 2016 19: 01
        0
        HIMARS and MLRS, as well as Tornado-U, remain Multiple Launch Rocket Systems regardless of the controllability of the missiles included in their ammunition load. The MLRS launcher has several guides and is capable of firing in a salvo, unlike a rocket launcher or artillery unit.

        Another thing is that the range of the Tornado-U URS has already overtaken the Tochka-U tactical missile system, but this is a problem of the complex.
        1. Lopatov
          Lopatov 21 June 2016 19: 09
          +1
          Quote: Operator
          "Tornado-U"

          Do such things exist in nature?

          Quote: Operator
          MLRS launcher has several guides and is capable of firing in one gulp, unlike a missile launcher

          Then "Iskander" - MLRS 8)))
  6. Operator
    Operator 21 June 2016 19: 47
    0
    At the Iskander-M OTRK, the time interval between launches of guided missiles is equal to one minute, which is not worth a salvo.

    Sorry, I meant the "Tornado-S" MLRS (in the background photo)
    1. Lopatov
      Lopatov 21 June 2016 20: 16
      +1
      Quote: Operator
      Sorry, I meant the "Tornado-S" MLRS (in the background photo)


      And who knows what it is, "Tornado-S" or "Tornado" 8)))

      But with them not everything is so simple, "Tornadoes" were not originally a technique for rocket artillery. They went to the rocket men.

      For example, in 1999, the 58th Army was assigned a missile division, and they had fire divisions on the eastern outskirts of Vladikavkaz. So there were three batteries, one "point" and two "Tornadoes"
      1. Operator
        Operator 21 June 2016 20: 38
        +1
        The classification of GRAU (including "Tornado" as MLRS) does not depend on the regular subordination of the batteries. The main criteria are the multiplicity of guides, the type of ammunition (RS / URS) and the ability to fire in a salvo.

        IMHO - in the near future MLRS "Tornado-G", "Tornado-S" and TOS-1A "Solntsepёk" in combination with guided missiles will displace all the artillery of the corps, divisional and brigade level, and at the same time the missile system "Tochka-U" ...

        By the way, "Tornado-S" is a cheap functional ground-based analogue of an attack UAV, capable of delivering high-precision strikes within a radius of up to 200 km on the basis of laser targeting from a small reconnaissance UAV on any type of targets - areal (salvo), point (individual RS), mobile (RS with laser illumination), armored (homing warheads), recessed (concrete-piercing warheads), etc.
        1. Lopatov
          Lopatov 21 June 2016 20: 44
          +2
          Quote: Operator
          GRAU classification (including "Tornado" as MLRS) does not depend on the regular subordination of batteries


          "Solntsepёk" and "Buratino" are not MLRS. It is because of the regular subordination.
          And "Grad-P" was held as a MLRS. Although having one guide, one unit could not conduct salvo firing.

          Quote: Operator
          IMHO - in the near future MLRS "Tornado-G", "Tornado-S" and TOS-1A "Solntsepёk" in combination with guided missiles will displace all the artillery of the corps, divisional and brigade level, and at the same time the missile system "Tochka-U" ...

          Not enough money.


          Quote: Operator
          By the way, "Tornado-S" is

          At the moment, it is an experimental development that is absent in the troops. And his further fate is not determined.

          "Tornado-G" has already collected a bunch of abusive reviews from the troops.
          1. Operator
            Operator 21 June 2016 20: 54
            0
            So I wrote TOS - in the sense of armored vehicles operating at the forefront. Established subordination is a fixable thing.

            Something tells me that the price of the Tornado-S launcher is several times less than the price of the Msta-S artillery mount, and the cost of hitting a target with one 300 mm guided missile is equal to the cost of hitting a target with the n-th number of 152 caliber unguided artillery shells mm.

            The most important thing in MLRS is the RS, and the calibers of the old proven "Smerch" and the new "Tornado-S" are the same.
            1. Lopatov
              Lopatov 21 June 2016 21: 27
              +1
              Quote: Operator
              Something tells me that the price of the Tornado-S launcher is several times less than the price of the Msta-S artillery mount

              Конечно.

              But the cheapest unguided projectile "Tornado-S" 31 times more expensive the most expensive 152-mm shell for 2S19

              And the cost of the 2S19 is approximately equal to the cost of one salvo of six Tornadoes with the cheapest unguided RS.
              1. Operator
                Operator 21 June 2016 21: 42
                0
                It is possible that one guided 300-mm cassette missile is enough to hit a target for which 60 units of unguided 152-mm artillery shells are spent.
                1. Lopatov
                  Lopatov 21 June 2016 21: 53
                  0
                  Quote: Operator
                  It is possible that one guided 300-mm cassette missile is enough to hit a target for which 60 units of unguided 152-mm artillery shells are spent.


                  Sheltered mortar battery. Suppression. Or 40 cassette 300 mm RS, or 60 152 mm cassette.
                  1. Operator
                    Operator 22 June 2016 09: 18
                    0
                    I wrote "guided missile", not PC.

                    I understand you correctly - combat effectiveness one cassette 300-mm URS equal sixty 152-mm unguided artillery shells?

                    What is the caliber of battery mortars (120 mm?) And how many minutes will it take?

                    The feature of a single Tornado-S launcher, together with URSs, is the delivery of high-precision strikes within a radius of 200 km with a projectile flight time of 4 minutes.

                    To achieve the same effect, you will need six 152-mm howitzer batteries or ten 120-mm mortar batteries with a gunner’s clouded cloud. Those. more expensive in terms of the cost of guns and two orders of magnitude more in terms of staff. Moreover, to suppress a specific target, only one battery will be used each time, all the rest will be idle.
  7. avg-mgn
    avg-mgn 21 June 2016 20: 48
    0
    I have a question for experts - why do Americans use a container, not shells? Is it time to replace a container (if I understood correctly, it is it that is changing) is shorter than reloading?
    1. Lopatov
      Lopatov 21 June 2016 21: 13
      +5
      Quote: avg-mgn
      Is it time to replace a container (if I understood correctly, it is it that is changing) is less than reloading?


      Much less. And this is a big plus. Another big plus is the lesser likelihood of damage to the PC before firing. They are equipped at factories and sealed there. As a result, the option "dropped, crack in the engine powder, burnout and a rocket tumbling in front of a firing rocket in the air" is less possible.

      But there are no less big cons:
      - the impossibility of mechanical installation of fuses, the impossibility of changing fuses, depending on the tasks of firing. Only that which is, and only remotely. Priborchik broke, no backup option.

      - the impossibility of installing aerodynamic elements such as large and small brake rings, significantly reducing dispersion in range at short ranges.

      - impossibility of reloading. The expense is different for each goal. And systems with "container" loading are capable of either releasing part of the missiles and standing with half-empty guides, which is unacceptable, or releasing the entire package.

      - Difficulties with mixed loading. The same "Grad" can be loaded with 10 RS with mines and 30 with high-explosive warheads. First, 10 mines each - stop the column, then the rest - mix it with the ground. MLRS, and even more so HIMARS, is much more difficult with this.
      1. Mooh
        Mooh 22 June 2016 01: 19
        +2
        The most important plus forgotten is multi-caliber. I suspect because of her all the troubles and happened. Some generals really wanted to get a cool prodigy - RZSO and OTR in one bottle.
  8. avg-mgn
    avg-mgn 21 June 2016 21: 36
    0
    Thank you, in general, cons like dirt.
    1. Lopatov
      Lopatov 21 June 2016 21: 43
      +4
      But the pluses are not at all frail 8))))))))

      Here the coolest and most thoughtful were the Jews. Their MLRS allow you to fire both with packets of guides, equipped at the factory, and packs that can be loaded directly "in the field".