Military Review

Drug addiction in Russia in the 20-30 years of the twentieth century

117
The threads of the past will certainly be in the future, no matter how thin they are ...


Everyone knows that drug addiction is one of the most serious problems of our time. But ... this problem was no less acute in Russia and 100 years ago, as well as later, already under Soviet rule in the 20 and 30 years of the XX century. It is rather difficult to tell about the situation with drugs in this period throughout Russia. Too large amount of information. But, as it is possible to draw a conclusion about the presence of the ocean by a drop of water, so according to the information “from the field” about the situation of drugs in the regions, it is possible to draw a conclusion about the situation with them in the whole country. Therefore, the bulk of the examples taken from the relevant studies in the Penza region.

Well, our story should begin with a reminder that the beginning of the 20th century in Russia was a time rich in upheavals: military conflicts, numerous attacks on individuals close to and from the royal family, civil servants, numerous attacks, workers' strikes in factories and mills - all this brought anarchy and disorder into the lives of ordinary citizens of Russia. The inaction of the authorities caused chaos in society. And where there is turmoil, there is crime. Then he flourished in violent color, spreading through cities and villages, covering more and more new territories. Like a giant octopus, he caught his next victims with his tentacles, and did not let go anywhere from himself. There were many ways to keep it. One of them was drugs. The thing is terrible, turning a person into nothing, sucking everything from it: health, money, property and turning it into a zombie, which will go to anything.

Drug addiction in Russia in the 20-30 years of the twentieth century

Shot from 1931 movie “Start in life”: “What do you want? Marafet, vodka and girls! "

Narcotic drugs have been used since time immemorial. Of course, there were no synthetic drugs. Enough and that gave nature. Hypnotic poppy, Indian hemp, coca leaves, hallucinogenic mushrooms were used either for medicinal purposes, or for religious rites for 2-3 thousands of years BC According to the testimony of archaeologists, during the excavation of primitive settlements, scientists have repeatedly found the remains, as well as the seeds of plants that can cause narcotic intoxication.

The fact that the Scythians used drugs, wrote the ancient Greek historian Herodotus (c. 2 000 back). Narrating about the population of Scythia, the warlike nomads, he noted that the burning of cannabis stalks was an integral part of their rites. Inhalation of smoke excited, hallucinations appeared, all this was accompanied by a state of euphoria. This explains the use of all kinds of psychoactive substances in religious ceremonies among some peoples. For example, the most common drug of our time cannabis (hashish) was used in Indian religious activities, and only Brahmins, who were among the most elected, were allowed to use it.

Psychoactive substances were also used to treat patients. Evidence of this is contained in ancient medical sources. Hashish, along with opium, was used by Avicenna and other Arab doctors.

Columbus, in his travel journals, described the process of inhaling the powder of a plant “Kogob” by the natives of the West Indies. “Magic Powder” caused uncontrollable behavior and meaningless conversations. Motivated by the need to talk with spirits.

In the Middle Ages, opium was recommended by Paracelsus as a medicine. Raw materials for it came from the Middle East through Byzantium and the ports of Italy. The discovery of chemists, mainly in the field of the synthesis of substances, has contributed to the spread of drugs, as well as methods of their use in the last two centuries. The very first, synthesized from an extensive group of depressant drugs, was chloral hydrate, obtained as a result of painstaking research in the 1832 year. Further, in 1864, Adolf von Beyer, a German researcher, chemist, synthesized barbituric acid. She later became the basis for 2,5 thousands of chemical derivatives.

France also did not stand aside. Back in 1805, chemist Seguin, who served in the Napoleonic army, isolated morphine from opium, which was probably necessary for military surgeons who used it as an anesthetic. British chemist K.R. Wright also contributed to the production of drugs. In 1874, for the first time, he managed to obtain heroin from morphine, but did not receive this fact. Germany, 1898 year. German chemists, knowing nothing about the discovery of Wright, also synthesize heroin, which was originally intended exclusively for medical needs.

Opium was considered one of the medicines widely practiced by doctors. Its appearance in Russia can be marked by the end of the 16th century. Then, in 1581, the first royal pharmacy with a British pharmacist, James French, appeared in Moscow, taking with it, among other things, opium. Subsequently, the Russian sovereigns acquired it necessarily from the British, and later - in the East. (The intravenous use of opium-containing drugs began to be applied after the invention of a special needle for injection in the 40-ies of the XIX century.).

Drug addicts who consumed opium, then strenuously tried to treat with synthesized morphine. The Journal of Modern Medicine at that time wrote: “... Morphine always acts and does not require an increase in intake, that is, patients do not get used to it, as they get used to opium.” In 1871, Dr. Ler recorded cases of attachment to morphine. However, in 1898, a Frenchman, Dr. Charles Richet, continued to assert, as before, that “children do not develop habits of morphine and small doses give a greater effect; at usual consumers and huge doses do not give toxic action ".

Interest in the drug was also warmed up by drug addicts, of whom a considerable number appeared at that time. An example for them was a certain Professor Nusbaum, who lives in Berlin and used morphine "solely because of a head disease" ... In Western Europe in the 19th century. among the very popular writers, poets, artists, journalists there were quite a few drug lovers. Among them are Charles Baudelaire, Theophilus Gautier, Alexander Dumas the Father, Gustave Flaubert, who were members of the Hashisheed Club (yes, there was such, it turns out!), Located in Paris. At about the same time, Russia acquired its own morphinists, etherists, and hashish smokers. The beginning of the XX century. in the cultural life of Russia was held under the sign of modernism. That drugs and have become an indispensable attribute of "bohemian" life. And here very intelligent people voluntarily become participants in a kind of experiment, try on themselves the "extraordinary properties of hashish." They described their feelings after taking hashish as “delightful”. And they asked that they not interfere with their hallucinations and not interrupt their sleep. These people later spread the news of the miraculous hashish, its “special” qualities.

At the same time, cocaine, which by that time had become fashionable in Europe, got into the Russian Empire. Huge demand for it was in the capital cities, where there were many nightly entertainment facilities. "Drug for the rich" found his "friends."

The drug situation in the country changed dramatically after the First World War and the events of October 1917. And later the Civil War and intervention also contributed to the terrible situation in the country: the national economy was undermined by the war with Germany, and therefore factories and plants did not work. General hunger and epidemics raged in a number of regions, hundreds of thousands of children were left without parents and shelter, homelessness grew. Drugs went to the people. And they went to the people because it was the “dry law”, and 80% of people can not live, periodically without changing their consciousness.


But a note about how they drank in the Penza province. One of many. And in one village the peasants drank the school! Cut into firewood. They were sold, bought moonshine and all drank. The whole village was lying drunk. Including children. The ombudsman also first decided that there was an epidemic in the village and dead people lying on the street. But then I learned what was the matter. Not all, however, sobered up.

There were a number of factors that accelerated the already rapid increase in drug addiction. The owners of pharmaceutical companies that produce narcotic drugs as well did not want to put up with the nationalization of property, and therefore threw tons of potions into the black market, hoping to cause riots in the country. In addition, because of the abominable border guard, the import of cocaine from Finland, which was supplied through Kronstadt, has increased by several times. The growth of drug addiction also contributed to the ban on the production of alcoholic beverages.

It is noteworthy that the Bolshevik elite did not refuse the “snuff” either. It is known that G.G. Kaplun (cousin of MS Uritsky), being the manager of the Petrograd Soviet, often invited local bohemians to “sniff the confiscated air”.

At that time, several types of drugs were used in the cities. Cocaine, morphine, opium, ether, anasha, heroin, chloral hydrate were in high demand. Get the drug was not difficult.

The same situation developed in the markets of provincial cities, and the Penza province was no exception. This is how a journalist from Penza describes one such cherished place where everything could be got: “there is in Penza ... a place favored by deserters, speculators, pimps and all suspicious people in general. There you can sell and buy flour, sugar, salt, state-owned boots and soldiers' uniforms, manufactory, galoshes, cocaine, and everything else that can be in stores. ” That is, the sale of cocaine was just as commonplace as the sale of galoshes and bread! Further, in 1921, in Gorodishche, a resident of the Siberian province, F.I. Lupanov, who offered morphine and cocaine to a choice of people. Such is the "huts" for the life of "palaces".

At the beginning of 1920, in Penza pharmacies it was still possible to obtain narcotic substances, including those with fake prescriptions, there were even more people who wanted to! This was possible due to the lack of clear instructions regulating and controlling the release of these substances. Only in July, 1923 was signed by the Instruction of the People's Commissariat of Health “On the release of opium, morphine, cocaine and their salts”, and in the Penza province it was used only in September of that year. The police, relying on this instruction, could now legally detain those who, using fake prescriptions, tried to acquire "doping." History testifies that, for example, the police detained a certain Shimkanov (a hospital employee) for a fake prescription for obtaining chloral hydrate.

By the way, priests, according to the laws of the end of the 19th - beginning of the 20th centuries, were obliged to absolve pharmacists who illegally sold narcotic drugs to civilians who died after taking them.

The final “medicinal” impetus to the growth of domestic drug addiction was given by the Republic of Soviets medicine at the end of the 20s, when they began to sell opium paste openly in the countryside. Especially often it began to be used by peasant women who gave drugs to infants instead of the more harmless poppy broth, which was not always at hand. The paste was used as a sedative, which was given to children for the duration of the chores of their mothers. A general epidemic of child addiction began. “There are many opiophage children in our county,” wrote the village doctor K.K. Vereshchagin from Tambov province ...

Not understanding the danger of drug use, they tried to treat alcoholism (for example, cocaine). And opiomania, morphinism and cocaineism - to treat heroin. Nothing good came of it. For example, M. Breitman in 1902 year strongly recommended heroin from the pages of a certain medical journal to a wide circle of readers as a drug that “ventilates the lungs”. It was recommended to use it for prophylactic, “anti-bronchial” purposes. And from the point of view of Dr. Ladyzhensky, the dose of heroin, in the case of getting used to it, should certainly be increased! And only in 1923, the domestic psychiatrist S.I. Kagan recognized the treatment of drug addiction as intolerable and dangerous, belatedly acknowledging the practice of his predecessor colleagues to be “erroneous” ...

History has no information about the number of victims of such "progressive" methods of treatment. And still to this day in some countries the principle of "wedging knock out fire" is actively applied. When treating heroin addicts, they strongly recommend (and use!) A weaker drug, methadone. "Why not?!". Drug addicts use it as an independent drug, or mixed with other drugs - to increase the "quality" of the buzz. So, there is a benefit from this method, no, the local narcologists there have not yet come to a unanimous opinion.

The most popular drug at the time was cocaine. Facts speak louder than words. In those days, there were eight names of cocaine: anthracite, kicker, coke, marafet, chalk, mura, shokhara, and snuff. As well as the "white fairy" and "mad powder." For the rest of the drugs in the Russian language of that time there were only three names: doggy, darkness, anasha.

Drugs that were in use in a young Soviet country were divided into light (hashish, opium), medium (cocaine, morphine) and heavy (heroin). Consumption "marafet" gave a heightened mood, talkativeness, visual images acquired fantastic brightness. An inexplicable feeling of fear followed, hallucinations behind him — visual, auditory, tactile. The constant use of cocaine led to both moral and physical decay of the individual. Trade in foolishness made a crazy profit, and to get even more, wholesalers added quinine or aspirin to cocaine. Small traders, in turn, packaged “marafet” in doses of 2 – 3 grams, diluted it even more. Therefore, it was rare to find pure cocaine on the market. Only such a dilution can explain the incredible doses of 30 – 40 grams per day, which in the 1920-e years, many cocainists took practically no consequences.

The main consumers of drugs were marginalized: homeless, prostitutes. In 1926, the year M.N. Gernet investigated the drug use indicators of homeless Moscow. Of the 102 respondents, only two answered negatively to the question about drug use. Almost half of the street children tested used tobacco, alcohol and cocaine at the same time, 40% used two of the above substances, and 13% used one. Nearly 100% of children had no families, as well as shelter. 150 homeless 106 used cocaine for a long time.

In prostitutes things were not the best way. In 1924, a survey was conducted among 573 Moscow prostitutes. 410 honestly replied that they have been using drugs for a long time. Of these, two thirds used drugs over 2 years. In Kharkov, among the prostitutes, by the middle of the 1920s, the percentage of drug addicts was even higher - 77%. According to the criminal investigation in 1924, in the glorious city of Penza, out of the total number of prostitutes, 25% constantly used drugs. “Cocaine”, “marafetchitsy” - not only traded themselves, but also offered drugs to customers. Like, "under this thing buzz more."

In the underworld lovers of "marafet" was no less. Even special words appeared among criminals, denoting cocaine and all the actions associated with it: “foreign”, “pulled away”, “open marafet”, “spire”. But in the criminal hierarchy, those who were "at the top", in the "authority", despised the "sniffers", rightly believing that the "coke" weakens the reaction that is so necessary in their affairs. Among other things, drugs were used as a means of committing crimes, first of all, hipes. There were at that time in the course of the expression: "take the pug", or "take the dog." That in translation meant to put drug to sleep. The substance through which criminal acts were committed was called “darkness”.

The war also "helped" in replenishing the ranks of drug addicts. But there was another. Doctors gave the drug to the wounded in order to alleviate their suffering, in order to avoid pain shock, etc. And among the doctors there were lovers of “drugs”, since all this was within reach. Mostly used morphine. The number of users was impressive. There, in Penza, in a psychiatric hospital in 1922, 11 men and three women were accepted for treatment, all “experienced” morphineists. They came to the hospital in an extremely serious condition, many died there. In particular, these three women died.

In 1920, the drug distribution situation in Russia became frightening. Drugs began to spread in the work environment, which previously was simply impossible. Working people were considered to be the “cleanest” in terms of drug use. So, according to the Moscow Narcological Dispensary, in 1924 – 1925. it was the working youth aged 20 – 25 that was the most active part among cocaine users. Here it is, the "consciousness of the working people"! Not the last role was played in this situation by the ban on the production and sale of vodka, without which, alas, the rest of the workers was considered to have been wasted. And because of this, the young “proletarian” often had a charming “white fairy” as an alternative to vodka. It was easy to get it, there were a great many channels. The easiest and surest way was, as in Penza, to get a dose through prostitutes, whose services were used by a certain (and growing!) Part of the working class.

But, fortunately, over time, the drug boom gradually began to decrease. Of course, this happened differently in different provinces. In the largest cities of Russia at that time, only from 1928, drug use, and accordingly the number of people consuming, has declined. In the Penza province, this movement began a little earlier, in 1926 year. Still, strong alcoholic beverages were “respected” in the province, and therefore “coke” consumption was more a tribute to fashion than a necessity. And, nevertheless, lovers of the "marafet", of course, remained. Archival data of the Penza police directly talk about it.

So, at the end of 1927, the Penza police received a signal to steal from drugstore No. 4 a certain amount of narcotic substances, and more specifically, dianin, heroin and cocaine. Stolen intended for the subsequent sale to addicts. In the same year, a “cocaine lover” was detained in Penza, trying to get a large amount of cocaine according to a fake recipe.

The decision of the government to resume the production of vodka, oddly enough, had to be very helpful. Of two evils, they decided to choose the lesser. Carrying out the Decree of the Council of People's Commissars of 28 of August 1925, “On the introduction of the provisions of the production of alcohol and alcoholic beverages and trade in them,” merchants were allowed to sell vodka. And October 5 1925 was the day of the formation of a wine monopoly.

The vodka was then called “rykovka”, so named after the chairman of the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR N.I. Rykov, who signed a decree on the production and sale of vodka. The new packaging of vodka instantly got its name among the people, and with political overtones. So, a bottle with a capacity of 0,1 l. received the name "pioneer", 0,25 l. - “Komsomol member”, 0,5 l. - "party girl". But the old names were not forgotten, they were on the run along with the new ones: “forty”, “rogue”, “scoundrel”.


With drunkenness in Penza in 1918 year fought so ...

Summing up, the conclusion is that the shocks of 1910 - 1920-s, restrictions in the acquisition, and sometimes the inability to buy alcohol contributed to an unusual surge in drug consumption, engulfed not only the capital, but also the provincial and district cities. The type of Russian drug addict has also significantly changed. In addition to the marginalized, who were considered traditional drug users, the working youth who received the drug through prostitutes, the main suppliers of potions, became supporters of spending leisure time in a drug mist. Of course, drug use had a wave-like nature in the future, but nevertheless, on the periphery, it was the exception rather than the rule, unlike in capital cities, where drugs were common during the time studied.
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  1. svp67
    svp67 27 June 2016 06: 39
    +12
    Drugs were, are and will be the scourge of mankind. To combat their detrimental consequences, a strong state is required that can combine the power of repressive apparatuses, establish mass education and make advanced medicine generally available.
    1. venaya
      venaya 27 June 2016 07: 26
      +18
      Quote: svp67
      Drugs were, are and will be the scourge of mankind

      Before Peter I, Russia never had big problems with drugs and alcohol (also a drug). Traditional religion, that is, culture, has always been engaged in the fight against drug addiction and has protected it from this. True, with the coming to power in Kiev of Vladimir, an alien, Byzantine culture of the god Dionysus was imposed on the people, and the people began to be artificially drunk, in those years the population of the principalities subject to the Kiev principality decreased by 3/4, there was a great demographic catastrophe. The article does not yet indicate that in 1914, before the war, a huge consignment of cocaine was brought from America by steamers, and here he played along, no matter how they objected to this in a negative sense, the "Prohibition" introduced by the Union of the Russian People, which caused a surge in cocaine use, even across the country. That is, an action was carried out in Russia, similar to the one that was organized by the British in China in the XNUMXth century. It's not hard to guess who organized all this.
      The fight against drug addiction is hampered by the fact that the one who organized this drug addiction studies the methods of combating it and actively counteracts this fight, even by introducing their people into the anti-drug movement and specialized anti-drug services. A similar situation is also happening now, the methods are not changing much.
      1. EvilLion
        EvilLion 27 June 2016 08: 32
        +9
        Excuse me, but what did you use? A person is so constructed that he cannot withstand regular stress and he has to be somehow removed, there was no synthetic strong alcohol, well, they ate all sorts of beer. Yes, and from the "mysterious eastern countries" that a thread was regularly required to bring, which did not grow here.
      2. Amurets
        Amurets 27 June 2016 09: 08
        +6
        Quote: venaya
        The article does not yet indicate that in 1914, before the war, a huge consignment of cocaine was brought from America by steamers, and here he played along, no matter how they objected to this in a negative sense, the "Prohibition" introduced by the Union of the Russian People, which caused a surge in cocaine use, even across the country.

        Do not forget that in those years there was WWI, when drugs were widely used as an anesthetic, I mean 1914-1918. And in 1919-1933, "Dry Law" was introduced in the United States. This contributed to the widespread production of drugs.
        http://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/borba-organov-vlasti-protiv-narkobiznesa-na-sov
        etskom-dalnem-vostoke-v-1920-e-gody
        They brought nothing special, everything local and grew in Russia. Hemp is Chuy and Manchu, Chinese were growing opium poppy.
        1. Papandopulo
          Papandopulo 27 June 2016 11: 52
          -5
          In VKPb, almost everyone except Stalin and his inner circle (with the exception of Kalinin) were drug addicts. Like Freud, too, was a drug addict, Tukhachevsky was a drug addict.
          1. Papandopulo
            Papandopulo 27 June 2016 12: 49
            -6
            Lenin used toxin mushrooms with the same name, read the opposite, where did his nickname come from. Stalin smoked plain tobacco.
            1. 52
              52 27 June 2016 16: 11
              +4
              Under mushrooms or more seriously huckster delivers to you? Admit it, citizen!
              1. Papandopulo
                Papandopulo 27 June 2016 21: 34
                -1
                why do you have three mushrooms in the photo and not the MiG-31?
              2. Papandopulo
                Papandopulo 27 June 2016 21: 34
                -1
                why do you have three mushrooms in the photo and not the MiG-31?
            2. Cossack Ermak
              Cossack Ermak 27 June 2016 19: 47
              +1
              Lenin smoked gruzdi.
          2. Uncle Murzik
            Uncle Murzik 27 June 2016 14: 57
            +2
            But is there a link to this information, or again fantasies?
      3. Hon
        Hon 27 June 2016 15: 58
        +1
        Quote: venaya
        Before Peter I, Russia never had big problems with drugs and alcohol (also a drug). Traditional religion, that is, culture, has always been engaged in the fight against drug addiction and has protected it from this. True, with the coming to power in Kiev of Vladimir, an alien, Byzantine culture of the god Dionysus was imposed on the people, and the people began to be artificially drunk, in those years the population of the principalities subject to the Kiev principality decreased by 3/4, there was a great demographic catastrophe. The article does not yet indicate that in 1914, before the war, a huge consignment of cocaine was brought from America by steamers, and here he played along, no matter how they objected to this in a negative sense, the "Prohibition" introduced by the Union of the Russian People, which caused a surge in cocaine use, even across the country. That is, an action was carried out in Russia, similar to the one that was organized by the British in China in the XNUMXth century. It's not hard to guess who organized all this.
        The fight against drug addiction is hampered by the fact that the one who organized this drug addiction studies the methods of combating it and actively counteracts this fight, even by introducing their people into the anti-drug movement and specialized anti-drug services. A similar situation is also happening now, the methods are not changing much.

        already in 1517, Matvey Mekhovsky in the Treatise on the two Sarmatians mentions that the Muscovites "from oats ... make a burning liquid or alcohol and drink to escape ... from the cold"
        according to Pokhlebkin, distillery arose in one of the monasteries of the Russian state in the 1440-1470s, and "1478 should be considered the deadline when distillery already existed for some time." A. Yu. Pidzhakov notes that, at the same time, Pokhlebkin deliberately does not cite any references to sources in support of his statements: “the annals did not record events”, the economic documents of the monasteries “were not preserved to any extent”, this concerns the production of vodka
      4. sherp2015
        sherp2015 27 June 2016 23: 02
        +1
        Quote: venaya
        Quote: svp67
        Drugs were, are and will be the scourge of mankind

        Before Peter I, Russia never had big problems with drugs and alcohol (also a drug). Traditional religion, that is, culture, has always been engaged in the fight against drug addiction and has protected it from this. True, with the coming to power in Kiev of Vladimir, an alien, Byzantine culture of the god Dionysus was imposed on the people, and the people began to be artificially drunk, in those years the population of the principalities subject to the Kiev principality decreased by 3/4, there was a great demographic catastrophe. The article does not yet indicate that in 1914, before the war, a huge consignment of cocaine was brought from America by steamers, and here he played along, no matter how they objected to this in a negative sense, the "Prohibition" introduced by the Union of the Russian People, which caused a surge in cocaine use, even across the country. That is, an action was carried out in Russia, similar to the one that was organized by the British in China in the XNUMXth century. It's not hard to guess who organized all this.
        The fight against drug addiction is hampered by the fact that the one who organized this drug addiction studies the methods of combating it and actively counteracts this fight, even by introducing their people into the anti-drug movement and specialized anti-drug services. A similar situation is also happening now, the methods are not changing much.

        the addiction brought to Russia is a consequence of the operation planned by world money-lenders to destroy the Slavic people and seize living space
    2. Boris55
      Boris55 27 June 2016 09: 46
      0
      Quote: svp67
      To combat their disastrous consequences requires a strong state that can unite the power of repressive apparatuses, to educate the masses and make advanced medicine publicly available.

      The struggle of minds comes before the struggle of the physical.

  2. The comment was deleted.
  3. D-Master
    D-Master 27 June 2016 07: 01
    +15
    Thank you so much for the article, the article was archived .... The drug situation was really terrible, as it is now. However, let us recall the USSR of the mid-70's, before entering Afghanistan. Addiction was purely nominal. Only locally in the republics of Central Asia. The state can very successfully fight with drugs, while pursuing a tough policy towards distributors and consumers. But with the current corruption of bodies, there is no need to talk about a serious struggle. We catch with one hand, we cover our eyes with the other.
    1. EvilLion
      EvilLion 27 June 2016 08: 34
      +5
      In the 70-ies in the USSR there was a high level of stability and there was always a half liter 40-degree.
  4. inkass_98
    inkass_98 27 June 2016 07: 26
    +14
    Read (it is better not to watch the film before reading) M.A. Bulgakov "Morphine." Everything is described in sufficient detail for 1917.
    And about the "treatment" of alcoholism with drugs - Vysotsky was also treated (according to one of the stable versions), and this was by no means the beginning of the century. Cured, what to say ...
  5. Tsoy
    Tsoy 27 June 2016 07: 27
    +8
    And only in 1923, the domestic psychiatrist S.I. Kagan recognized drug abuse treatment as unacceptable and dangerous

    The world famous company Bayer (creators of aspirin) released heroin in 1898 year as a cough medicine. Cocaine was used as a painkiller. At first it was liquid, and after it was guessed to evaporate and inhale. Cocaine addiction in some clinics was treated with heroin injections. And of course, drug addiction as a term in the early twentieth century simply did not exist and was not called a disease. One surgeon even had an operation in which alcohol dependence was tried to be cured by removing a part of the brain. Of course nothing happened.

    Probably the most famous heroine of the young country of the Soviets was Bulgakov.
    1. Reptiloid
      Reptiloid 27 June 2016 12: 34
      +6
      And it seems that they and for the PMA for the German army supplied soldiers for a successful offensive. And "withdrawal" was called "soldier's disease" and was treated in hospitals.
      Grandmother, God rest her soul, said that after the war, codeine was prescribed according to prescriptions as a remedy for colds !!! And now it is part of ... Solpodeina! But for the prevention of abuse it includes paracetamol (poison in large quantities).
      And my grandmother said that in the 1930s there was a romance:

      Cocaine silver dust
      All my roads are covered with snow
      1. Tsoy
        Tsoy 27 June 2016 15: 43
        +3
        the German pilots of the Luftwafe had honey. Methamphetamine. It was called pervitin and was included in the combat ration. Like panzerschokolade. Essentially a stimulant for courage. Just like Somalis, Kat or Hud, depending on the transcription. The Germans have been eating it since 1938. For all the time, the Second World Wehrmacht digested 200 million tablets.

        There have also been experiments in prison camps using an experimental drug based on pervitin and cocaine. In Sachsenhausen, prisoners were forced to take multi-day marches after taking the drug, code-named D-IX, in order to assess its effect on endurance. The test subjects had to walk around the clock in a circle with a weight of 20 kg over their shoulders. The aim of the experiments was to define a new endurance limit for people exposed to D-IX. In the military medical journal of that time "Ertslikhes Kriegs-Tagebukh" indicated that some participants in the experiment "made do with 2-3 short stops per day."

        The next drug appeared thanks to the order of the famous Otto Skorzeny. He needed a substance that would allow his group to endure stress for a long time in special conditions and cheer up in any conditions. In Kiel, a group of researchers was formed under the leadership of Professor of Pharmacology Gerhard Orchechowski. In the laboratories of the University of Kiel, Orchechowski came to the conclusion that he had received the desired substance. One tablet contained 5 mg of cocaine, 3 mg of pervitin, 5 mg of eucodal (a morphine-based pain reliever), and synthetic cocaine from Ernst Merck. 1000 tablets went to the members of the submarine sabotage unit "Trout", which was part of the SS Danube fighter squadron.
        1. The comment was deleted.
        2. spech
          spech 28 June 2016 18: 25
          +1

          German Luftwaffe pilots had honey. Methamphetamine. Pervitin was called and included in the diet. Like panzerschokolade.
  6. Uncle Murzik
    Uncle Murzik 27 June 2016 07: 28
    -4
    was it easier to get drugs than alcohol? like moonshine, no one canceled belaybullshit! I won’t be surprised that in the next article we will find out that the drug lords were Lenin and Dzerzhinsky! laughing
    1. kalibr
      27 June 2016 07: 38
      +3
      Imagine! Moreover, since you are writing here, you own the Internet. Type in the GUGL "Dissertations on the topic of deviant behavior in Russia in the 20-30s of the XX century." And you will receive both candidate and doctoral theses. You can get any for 500 rubles. But you don't need it. First, there will be a free part, where the entire dissertation is presented in multiples. But there will also be links to documents. So why do we need to invent something. Thinking up historical realities is not good. Look for yourself ... And it’s stupid to draw emoticons on a serious website.
      1. Uncle Murzik
        Uncle Murzik 27 June 2016 07: 53
        0
        "In the 1920s, the situation in Russia with regard to the distribution of drugs became frightening. Drugs began to spread in the working environment, which was simply impossible before. The working people were considered the cleanest in terms of drug use. So, according to the Moscow drug dispensary, in 1924 –1925 it was working youth aged 20–25 who were the most active part of cocaine users. Here it is, “the conscience of the working people!” Mr. Shpakovsky, how many drug dispensers were there in Russia in 1924-1925? belayand you write about the frightening spread of drugs! where is the logic? belay
        1. Amurets
          Amurets 27 June 2016 08: 20
          +5
          Quote: Uncle Murzik
          "In the 1920s, the situation in Russia with regard to the distribution of drugs became frightening. Drugs began to spread in the working environment, which was simply impossible before. The working people were considered the cleanest in terms of drug use. So, according to the Moscow drug dispensary, in 1924 –1925 it was working youth aged 20–25 who were the most active part of cocaine users. Here it is, “the conscience of the working people!” Mr. Shpakovsky, how many drug dispensers were there in Russia in 1924-1925? belay, you write about the frightening drug distribution! where is the logic?

          Unfortunately, Shpakovsky is right. Here is the data on the fight against drug crime and drug trafficking in the Far East in the 20s of the last century. Do not forget that opium poppy was widely cultivated by the Chinese, and the border with China was sieved. Here is a link to the materials. On this site you will find a lot about smuggling in the Far East.
          http://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/borba-organov-vlasti-protiv-narkobiznesa-na-sov

          etskom-dalnem-vostoke-v-1920-e-gody
          1. Uncle Murzik
            Uncle Murzik 27 June 2016 08: 59
            +1
            thanks for the link! here's what came out of your link: Homelessness in the Far East in the 1920-1930s
            CyberLeninka.ru ›article / n ... dalnem-vostoke ... 1920 ... gody
            Bilim Natalya Nikolaevna "Homelessness in the Far East in the 1920s-1930s" Society and Law (2011). ... 1920-1930-e-gody (date accessed: 10.06.2016). ... cyberleninka.ru/article/n/besprizornost-na-dalnem-vostoke-v-1920-1930-e-gody|tit
            le ...
            Features of counteraction to banditry in the Far ...
            CyberLeninka.ru ›article ... dalnem-vostoke ... 1920 ... gody ...
            ... vostoke-v-1920-e-gody-istoricheskiy-opyt | title = Sonin Viktor Vladimirovich, Shabelnikova Natalya Alekseevna Features of counteraction to banditry in the Far East in the 1920s ... Unfortunately I didn’t find anything about the frightening drug distribution, especially among working youth!
            1. Amurets
              Amurets 27 June 2016 09: 29
              +4
              Quote: Uncle Murzik
              Features of countering banditry in the Far East in the 1920s ... Unfortunately, I did not find anything about the frightening drug distribution, especially among working youth!

              I don’t understand? My link comes out "The struggle of the authorities against drug trafficking in the Soviet Far East." Okay, I'll give you one more link to this problem. This is the same article, but on another site. Http://www.lib. csu.ru/vch/216/009.pdf
              Sorry that it happened. But there were really problems with drugs in the Far East at that time. In Blagoveshchensk there was an area on the outskirts of the city where the Chinese lived and there really were opiekurilni which were visited not only by the Chinese, but also by the Russians. The area was still that headache for authorities and the Republic of Ingushetia and the RSFSR.
              1. Uncle Murzik
                Uncle Murzik 27 June 2016 09: 50
                +2
                I found thanks by the name! judging by your article, drug problems in the Far East began much earlier, "the opium poppy culture was brought to Russia by the Chinese back in the 17th century!" thickening the paint "In the 1920s, the situation in Russia with regard to the distribution of drugs became frightening. Drugs began to spread in the working environment, which was simply impossible before. The working people were considered the cleanest in terms of drug use. So, according to the Moscow drug dispensary, in 1924–1925, it was working youth aged 20–25 who were the most active part of cocaine users. Here it is, “the conscience of the working people!” my parents and grandfathers did not know or even heard what drugs were! drugs were the lot of some part of the "bohemians", criminals!
                1. Amurets
                  Amurets 27 June 2016 11: 19
                  +4
                  Quote: Uncle Murzik
                  Workers were considered the “cleanest” in terms of drug use

                  You see, in different regions it was different. In the Amur region it was mostly seasonal workers. Gold mines workers, agricultural workers, sailors on river steamers who worked seasonally. Among the few workers in small factories this was not noticed. Firstly, they were constantly busy secondly, they received a stable salary and held on to places, which can not be said about the seasonal workers.
                2. Oberon812
                  Oberon812 27 June 2016 11: 42
                  +2
                  my parents and grandfathers did not know and did not hear what drugs are

                  There are exceptions everywhere, but judging by a multimillion-dollar country by dozens of examples is a bit strange. With the same success, relying on the comments on this site (including yours), it can be argued that the Russian language in the USSR / RF at school was not included in the school curriculum:
                  no one has canceled

                  I didn’t find what

                  which part
                  1. Uncle Murzik
                    Uncle Murzik 27 June 2016 12: 52
                    +1
                    “The number of those who used it was impressive. In the same place, in Penza, in a psychiatric hospital in 1922, 11 men and three women were admitted for treatment, all morphine addicts were“ with experience. ”They ended up in the hospital in an extremely serious condition, many died there. In particular, these three women died. "Well, there are 100000 drug addicts per 11 Penza in 1922, and in 1923 six is ​​a lot! and gives Mr. Shpakovsky a judge of the entire multimillion-dollar country! And drug addiction among prostitutes gives an opinion about working youth! And there is no logic at all
                3. Warrior2015
                  Warrior2015 28 June 2016 10: 24
                  -1
                  Quote: Uncle Murzik
                  judging by your article, drug problems in the Far East began much earlier, "the opium poppy culture was brought to Russia by the Chinese back in the 17th century!

                  Yes, the Far East, due to its proximity to India (via sea links) and China, has always been very accessible for drugs. The cleanest was the area of ​​Western Siberia and the Urals, it was difficult to deliver.

                  But in general, Russia has always had a tradition of smoking cannabis, so those who wanted to - always did "on their own."
        2. kalibr
          27 June 2016 09: 47
          +2
          I already wrote to you that you can easily and without money know more about this at times. Why ask me anything else?
          1. Uncle Murzik
            Uncle Murzik 27 June 2016 12: 08
            +1
            dear Mr. Shpakovsky, firstly, if the situation as you write about drug trafficking has become frightening, but there were no drug dispensaries, how did you fight drug addiction? secondly, where is the production of alcohol, drug-dependent alcohol is not consumed for the most part, and thirdly, the number of drug addicts has decreased, as you know addicts constantly addict others to drugs, involving them in their environment! hi
            1. kalibr
              27 June 2016 12: 14
              -1
              I already wrote to you that you can easily and without money know more about this at times. Why ask me anything else? Google to the rescue! They don’t pay me for talking specifically with you.
              1. Uncle Murzik
                Uncle Murzik 27 June 2016 12: 37
                +1
                comprehensive answer! laughing I have to attribute you to the "dreamers" hi
                1. kalibr
                  27 June 2016 13: 01
                  0
                  Too lazy to knock on the keyboard? I understand it’s hard ... to pick it up and bring it to the archive, and who else will let you go there? But here everything is open. And to the "dreamers" ... count me absolutely do not care. I gave the information, the readers of the site saw that I gave it, saw that you were too lazy to use it - these are not my difficulties. You see, if I wrote only for people like you, it would still make sense for me to deceive someone. Well, just out of "depravity". But materials from VO are reprinted by "Echo of the Planet" and other sites. They are read by many people, including professional historians. The same materials are then printed in scientific publications with the addition of links. And then what is the point of cheating? And if it is revealed by serious people? Your opinion is one thing, and, say, the editor of the journal "History of State and Law" is another. Here in front of him I would not want to look unprofessional, but writing the same material for people like you and for him is the height of idiocy.
                  1. Uncle Murzik
                    Uncle Murzik 27 June 2016 13: 41
                    +2
                    I asked you questions about your article, because it contains specific blunders, to put it mildly! You did not answer them! And your conclusions in the article are generally fantastic, let me give you one "" The number of those who used it was impressive. In the same place, in Penza, in a psychiatric hospital in 1922, 11 men and three women were admitted for treatment, all morphine addicts "with experience." They ended up in the hospital in an extremely serious condition, and many died there. In particular, these three women died "14 people in the entire 100000 Penza!
                    1. kalibr
                      27 June 2016 15: 21
                      0
                      And how many did not get there? You didn't want to, didn't you? Are you dead under the fence? Now there are also official statistics and they are "nothing". There is an unofficial one. And then sociology was not a science either. Some fragmentary information. We are talking about the picture as a whole, and - I repeat once again, the material contains data from many studies, which - I repeat for the third time - are on the Web. I wrote to you how to get them. Moreover, even if the article were with footnotes, what good would they be to you? There are numbers of archival files that you will not check. And if you are interested in this topic, well, use my advice - refer to the works posted on the Web. To me - no longer. I am currently working on a completely different topic.
                      1. Uncle Murzik
                        Uncle Murzik 27 June 2016 16: 16
                        +1
                        Lord, what a picture as a whole! You were asked specific questions, and you are pouring water! Let me leave! hi
                      2. kalibr
                        27 June 2016 18: 01
                        0
                        It's time and Google to help you!
  7. igor67
    igor67 27 June 2016 09: 42
    +4
    Quote: Uncle Murzik
    was it easier to get drugs than alcohol? like moonshine, no one canceled belaybullshit! I won’t be surprised that in the next article we will find out that the drug lords were Lenin and Dzerzhinsky! laughing

    Of course it’s easier, I don’t know about you, we had drug addicts in Ukraine in the 70s and 80s, and Afghanistan had nothing to do with it, hemp grew and was wild and grown on collective farms, like poppy,
    1. AK64
      AK64 27 June 2016 10: 03
      +1
      Quote: Uncle Murzik
      I won’t be surprised that in the next article we find out that the drug lords were Lenin and Dzerzhinsky! laughing

      It's amazing - does he know something, or did it happen at random?
      1. voyaka uh
        voyaka uh 27 June 2016 10: 22
        +1
        The Russian writer V. Pelevin had an outstanding story "The Crystal World" on the subject.
        There and about Lenin, and about cocaine. Recommend wink
        1. Uncle Murzik
          Uncle Murzik 27 June 2016 10: 39
          +4
          maybe listen to the "echo of Moscow"! belay and the song "dreamer" laughing
          1. voyaka uh
            voyaka uh 27 June 2016 13: 55
            -1
            "maybe listen to the echo of Moscow" ///

            Listen, Putin and Medvedev are listening,
            and you will be harmless. wink
            1. Uncle Murzik
              Uncle Murzik 27 June 2016 14: 05
              +2
              yes no "echo of matzo" I will not listen, and I do not need advice from a person caught on "fantasies"
              1. voyaka uh
                voyaka uh 27 June 2016 14: 22
                -2
                "yes no" echo of matzo "I will not listen" ////

                Afraid of succumbing to enemy propaganda?
                Ideologically unstable? laughing
                "I haven't read Pasternak - but I condemn it!" - familiar, familiar.
                1. Uncle Murzik
                  Uncle Murzik 27 June 2016 14: 58
                  +2
                  it's a pity to spend time on visionaries! there are enough of you here laughing
          2. The comment was deleted.
      2. The comment was deleted.
    2. Uncle Murzik
      Uncle Murzik 27 June 2016 10: 18
      +2
      I myself from Siberia from Omsk grew up in the USSR, I don’t know how it was in Ukraine! I heard about drugs and drug addicts for the first time as a student! I think the addict is a drug addict, not the one who smoked marijuana a couple of times!
  8. Tsoy
    Tsoy 27 June 2016 10: 15
    -1
    I do not know who was the drug lord, but Dzhugashvili was a robber and quite a gangster in his youth.
    1. voyaka uh
      voyaka uh 27 June 2016 10: 26
      0
      They leaned on the robberies of banks and couriers with money.
      Somehow we overlooked drug traffic. fool
      1. Amurets
        Amurets 27 June 2016 11: 50
        +3
        Quote: voyaka uh
        Somehow we overlooked drug traffic.

        Alcoholic bearers and opiekurilny are the patrimonies of the Chinese hunhuuz. Gold mines have their gold mine. All this was on the Russian-Chinese border. Yes, the revolutionaries were somehow in no hurry to voluntarily go to our places, more and more were deported.
    2. The comment was deleted.
  9. wadim13
    wadim13 27 June 2016 10: 54
    +2
    For moonshine needed foods rich in carbohydrates. And with wheat, barley and other grains then it was tight. I’m generally silent about sugar.
    1. Uncle Murzik
      Uncle Murzik 27 June 2016 11: 10
      +2
      “Do you really want to go back to Moscow? To your mother?” The translator sighed pitifully.
      “In that case, the meeting continues,” said Bender. - How much will your chefs give for the recipe? One and a half will give?
      “They'll give two hundred,” the translator whispered. “Do you really have a recipe?”
      - Now I will dictate to you, that is, immediately upon receipt of money. Anything: potato, wheat, apricot, barley, from mulberries, from buckwheat.
      Even from an ordinary stool, you can drive moonshine. Some people like the stool. Otherwise, you can have a simple raisin or plum. In a word - any of the hundred and fifty moonshines, the recipes of which I know. "The classics Ilf and Petrov have everything!
  10. guzik007
    guzik007 27 June 2016 10: 55
    +1
    I won’t be surprised that in the next article we find out that the drug lords were Lenin and Dzerzhinsky! laughing
    ---------------------------------
    You will be greatly surprised, but the iron felix "hit the marathon", delighting the employees with incredible ability to work. And practically the entire first wave of the Cheka, which was subsequently expended by Comrade. Stalin, and quite deservedly, were downright drug addicts
    1. Uncle Murzik
      Uncle Murzik 27 June 2016 11: 12
      +1
      please give a link to this information!
    2. Looking for
      Looking for 28 June 2016 22: 19
      0
      Yes, I’m very surprised. That many blurt out, just to blurt out
  11. Igor39
    Igor39 27 June 2016 17: 53
    +2
    I am the spirit of mechanics. I'm substances
    In the darkness of the dish are blind equilibria,
    I am the pole of the spheres - heaven and heaven,
    I am a genius. I am the counter. I am the head.

    Formulas are important to me, not words.
    I am everywhere and nowhere. But click - here I am!
    In the hearts of cars bubbling anger bubble.
    I am the prince of the earth! Signs and rights to me!

    I am a servant of freedom. Creator of pedagogy.
    I am an engineer, theologian, physicist, logician.
    I fused the ghost of truths into slender nonsense.

    I'm in hemp juice. I'm in poppy seeds.
    I'm the one who threw the balls of the planets
    To the huge zodiac roulette!

    1911


    Maximilian Voloshin
  • zoknyay82
    zoknyay82 27 June 2016 07: 53
    +7
    Thank you for the article! Bulgakov has a wonderful story "Morphine", action time as in the article. It can be added that many seriously wounded, for which morphine was used for pain relief, later became addicted to drugs. Only a strong state is capable of fighting this evil, it needs a political will and a locked border. In our country, the drug mafia is covered by various werewolves from law enforcement agencies.
  • bandabas
    bandabas 27 June 2016 07: 54
    +3
    And in antiquity, sodomy was practiced very strongly. In particular, the Greeks, and then the Romans. The Scythians did not have this.
    1. EvilLion
      EvilLion 27 June 2016 08: 36
      -1
      But the garbage is complete, for the abomination and there, and there it was believed. And there are not so many written evidences about Scythians.
      1. guzik007
        guzik007 27 June 2016 10: 59
        +2
        But the garbage is complete, for the abomination and there, and there it was believed.
        -------------------------------------------------- ------
        Where did the information come from? read the early historians. Pliny, Suetonius, for example. The armies of both the Greeks and the Romans held on to this.
        1. AK64
          AK64 27 June 2016 11: 17
          +3
          The armies of both the Greeks and the Romans held on to this.



          That is, the modern army of Germany is not just like that, but follows classical traditions
      2. kalibr
        27 June 2016 17: 59
        +1
        There are images on the vases of the Etruscans, Greeks and Romans. That is, they were not ashamed to portray.
    2. Warrior2015
      Warrior2015 27 June 2016 14: 59
      0
      Quote: bandabas
      And in antiquity, sodomy was practiced very strongly. In particular, the Greeks, and then the Romans. The Scythians did not have this.

      Although I respect the Scythians very much - after all, and partly the ancestors of the Slavs, they also had for example pederasty castrats, and therefore masculinity (but the Greeks said that they borrowed this cult from the Middle East or, more precisely, from Transcaucasia).
      1. bandabas
        bandabas 27 June 2016 15: 49
        +2
        Well no. Castrats were used in harems (we will name them like this) for every fireman. And they scattered the vanquished too for every fireman, so that there would be no offspring. And that would not go far. Achilles and Patroclus are two acrobat brothers.
  • parusnik
    parusnik 27 June 2016 07: 58
    +7
    A drug in my head .. It’s not a habit that leads a person, but a person’s habit .. A word with a jingle, Korchagin loves it .. Pavel, put out a cigarette and said: I don’t smoke anymore .. A little off topic, but nonetheless ... Thank you very interesting review ..
    1. kalibr
      27 June 2016 17: 57
      +1
      Also not in the subject, but in response to you. My grandfather smoked from 20 years to 70! I smoked cigarettes with fragrant tobacco, after dinner, and I sat like I sniffed. Idiosyncrasy earned on beets, most likely through this. But in 70 years, doctors told him to either drop it or die. And my grandfather threw it in one day and lived another 16! A good example is that a person with a strong will can do a lot!
  • vladimirvn
    vladimirvn 27 June 2016 08: 50
    +5
    .. "In the 1920s, the situation in Russia regarding the distribution of drugs became frightening. Drugs began to spread in the working environment, which was simply impossible before. The working people were considered the cleanest in terms of drug use. So, according to the Moscow drug dispensary, in 1924-1925, it was working youth aged 20-25 who were the most active part of cocaine users .... "
    After suffering stress, wars, the surge in drug and alcohol consumption is always increasing. I still wonder how Stalin managed to mobilize the country and achieve such impressive successes in raising the economy, education and raising a new generation. The amount of people we drank in the 90s is the same result of social upheaval. Thank God now the situation has changed for the better and significantly.
  • EvgNik
    EvgNik 27 June 2016 08: 55
    +5
    In childhood I heard from the elderly. In the village, during the flowering of hemp, sweaty horses were driven along the hemp field. Then they scraped adhering pollen from them, dried them, mixed with tobacco and smoked.
    Svetlana, Vyacheslav, thanks for the excellent review.
    1. Uncle Murzik
      Uncle Murzik 27 June 2016 09: 22
      +5
      but not so, horses ate cannabis, and then smoked manure! wassat laughing
    2. Warrior2015
      Warrior2015 27 June 2016 15: 03
      0
      Quote: EvgNik
      In childhood I heard from the elderly. In the village, during the flowering of hemp, sweaty horses were driven along the hemp field. Then they scraped adhering pollen from them, dried them, mixed with tobacco and smoked.

      Wow, comrades knew a lot about perversions! They supported the good Scythian traditions.
  • Army soldier2
    Army soldier2 27 June 2016 09: 21
    +5
    The article is interesting. Thanks to the authors.
    The most brutal measures on the part of the state are needed to combat drug addiction and, above all, drug dealers.
  • AK64
    AK64 27 June 2016 09: 39
    +3
    I drank coffee (two cups), and with a mustache I thought about personal dependence on drugs ...
    1. kalibr
      27 June 2016 09: 43
      +3
      Good morning! How did you drink coffee? In Turkish, with cognac or glass?
      1. AK64
        AK64 27 June 2016 09: 57
        +4
        In Turkish, with cognac or glass?


        So, if with brandy, then it’s not a drug, but just a drink? / and thought hard /
      2. The comment was deleted.
        1. Reptiloid
          Reptiloid 27 June 2016 10: 40
          +3
          Good morning! I saw how the families of drug addicts live, themselves. Of course, these are not my friends, but at work .... Once I thought about it, I get a lot of them among ordinary people.
          And here I was on the bus from Kronstadt, the bus took ~~~~ an hour. SO three of those who served their time shared their impressions about life. Two guys yelled under a high, "for life", and the woman was embarrassed and told how she was found out in the cancer zone and she was "tied up." I thought about the fact that the mind somehow sweeps aside this way of life and for me they do not seem to be. But they do exist, they have relatives, children, they can be normal and they themselves can have a decent look.
          1. Reptiloid
            Reptiloid 28 June 2016 06: 40
            0
            I read my comment. Is it clear that they, these three, have served their time for drug addiction? Also, this woman's husband and son died at different times. But the guys did not "call."
      3. Uncle Murzik
        Uncle Murzik 27 June 2016 10: 28
        +1
        in the morning I prefer to make green tea!
      4. Reptiloid
        Reptiloid 27 June 2016 10: 48
        +1
        I liked the article, thank you very much. And a wish-question? I did not find anything among the previous articles on this topic. Is it possible to find out about this side of life in Russia from you in the previous time? Actually, probably the material you have already collected?
        1. kalibr
          27 June 2016 11: 59
          0
          The material is there, but it needs to be processed. And the processing of archival materials is a very laborious thing. Have you seen samples of newspaper photos in the text? Newspaper? Can you imagine what is written in the documents of that era? A stub of a chemical pencil on checkered paper in "oblique" handwriting.
        2. Uncle Murzik
          Uncle Murzik 27 June 2016 13: 15
          +1
          take a look at the "fantasy" bully
    2. Warrior2015
      Warrior2015 27 June 2016 15: 11
      +1
      Quote: AK64
      I drank coffee (two cups), and with a mustache I thought about personal dependence on drugs ...

      This is already a lot. By the way, when an experienced coffee-maker tries to dispense with a cup or two of coffee, he begins to pound it like a weak narcotic is actually breaking.
  • Mikhail3
    Mikhail3 27 June 2016 10: 28
    +2
    Nice text. Describes exactly one third of the reasons why the wave of drugs swept over Europe and us. Since two-thirds of the reasons are not considered, no conclusions can be drawn. Who wants to present the complete picture, I recommend looking for the text and the film of the same name (I think it was made by Bulgarians) "Drugs and War". They are cleared from the network, but you can still meet them with a certain perseverance.
    Since the author stubbornly does not want to consider the main reason for the explosive growth in the popularity of foolishness, there is no such thing as a "Baltic cocktail" among the names.
  • Leeder
    Leeder 27 June 2016 11: 24
    +4
    And who is "minus" then?
    This is a story, you need to know it, otherwise everything can happen again.
    1. Vadim237
      Vadim237 27 June 2016 12: 49
      0
      History also shows account for that which does not teach anything.
  • Leeder
    Leeder 27 June 2016 11: 28
    +3
    Quote: svp67
    Drugs were, are and will be the scourge of mankind. To combat their detrimental consequences, a strong state is required that can combine the power of repressive apparatuses, establish mass education and make advanced medicine generally available.

    First of all, it is necessary to deal with the prevention of consumption.
    It’s impossible to help with repressive measures alone, because if there is a demand for drugs, you won’t be afraid of any repressive measures of drug dealers, only the price will rise.
    Unfortunately, drug addiction is completely incurable, there is always a risk that a person will break loose, so it’s better not to try.
  • Almatinets
    Almatinets 27 June 2016 11: 43
    +7
    the formula is simple: the less devastation in the country, the less involvement of the population in the dope, and "bohemia" - poisoned and poisoned in any case
    1. Reptiloid
      Reptiloid 27 June 2016 12: 57
      0
      If consciously, this is one thing. But what is SCARY: I am walking down the street. Mom leads the tiny one by the hand, and with the words "doctor, doctor" he wanted to pick up the syringe.
      Another one is a girl, the daughter of our friends, about 7 years old, said that the girl found a syringe on the road and played a doctor.
      And another question for those who know about this topic: were there really ships to the west from us during Khrushchev to defeat him with drugs?
  • Joe stalin
    Joe stalin 27 June 2016 12: 48
    +4
    GLORY TO GREAT STALIN !!!
    here's who we need to take an example from:

    Under Stalin, alcohol consumption was more than 2 times less (a maximum of 1,9 liters per day of pure alcohol per year - 1952) than in tsarist Russia in 1914 - 4,7 liters. and more than 10 times less than now (20-25 liters). Russia is the leader in child alcoholism.
    Under Stalin, there was no drug addiction, because there was no drug mafia. Over the past 25 years, the number of drug addicts has increased by more than 10 times and now, according to the Federal Drug Control Service of the Russian Federation, it amounts to 5,1 million people. From 70 to 100 thousand people die every year from drug use. Russia is one of the leaders in the scale of child addiction.



    it is necessary to introduce the only, non-alternative punishment for the sale of any narcotic drug weighing more than 10 grams or involving minors in the sale of drugs - DEATH PENALTY with confiscation of property!

    Only under the liberal - capitalist, bargain regime of V. Putin is this precisely impossible.
    1. Tsoy
      Tsoy 27 June 2016 16: 51
      +2
      Quote: Joe Stalin
      no alternative punishment for the sale of any drug of more than 10 grams, confirmed by live video recording, or the involvement of minors in the sale of drugs - DEATH PENALTY with confiscation of property!


      It will never happen. Personally, even before the appearance of spikes with accompanying phone numbers on the fences and the appearance of online stores with smoking mixtures, I knew at least a couple of places where you can get brands, schmal and heavier. Although I do not go to clubs, and I do not indulge in this matter myself. Believe in any city there are residents who know where you can buy drugs. The question is if ordinary people know, then drug control surely also knows. Then why not close the distributors? Probably because someone is roofing this business. And why FSNN recognized ineffective? Surely not for their success in the fight against drugs.
      1. Joe stalin
        Joe stalin 28 June 2016 00: 08
        +1
        and even the death penalty with confiscation for the patronage of the drug trade using official powers and begin the Stalinist purges of law enforcement agencies and from the very top!

        The main thing is to have a Ruler with IRON WILL at the head of the state pyramid - and there will be a cleansing. Checked by Stalin and .... Singapore.

        And this is clearly not Vova Putin
        1. Tsoy
          Tsoy 28 June 2016 10: 21
          0
          Well, where are so many Stalin take on the whole of Russian history? It's time to force research into cloning people.
  • vnord
    vnord 27 June 2016 15: 05
    +2
    I don’t know, but for the first time I came across a drug addict in 1984. He studied at the institute and the Unas in the hostel searched the student with our parallels, he addicted slowly and no one practically knew about it, so then they put the hostel and the faculty on their ears. Although many smoked weed, but it was somehow ordinary and in the future, almost everyone tied it up. And after the collapse of the USSR, drug abuse began.
  • drop
    drop 27 June 2016 15: 55
    +4
    Svetlana, Vyacheslav, thanks for the article. Such information is extremely important to publish in the media and show on television.
    After the Second World War in 1949, after the end of the 3 class, I went to a village in the Vitebsk region, the birthplace of my mother and father. I saw how farmers harvested. I spent all summer there. So I remember the story of my grandmother. That they, in order to be able to get time when harvesting, gave small children poppy seeds. And the children slept for several hours in the afternoon. But my grandmothers didn’t. The guys grew up with heart defects.
    I was surprised by the movie screening about the parade of athletes in the 1945 year. How lovely. I went to school in 1946, there was poverty. Shoes were on orders. Mom was good at sewing, so she sewed shirts from gas bags in Leningrad. True, then in 1949 and in 1951, everything in the city became normal. In the village there was poverty. I have the honor.
    1. Uncle Murzik
      Uncle Murzik 27 June 2016 16: 20
      0
      it’s you who told vainly about poppy congee to Mr. Shpakovsky, now he will have an article on child addiction in the USSR laughing hi
    2. Uncle Murzik
      Uncle Murzik 27 June 2016 16: 28
      -1
      so I think what poverty can be after the civil war when cocaine and heroin were cheaper than alcohol, every hard worker could afford! Yes, and even prostitutes to go judging by the article! belay laughing one word "storytellers"
      1. kalibr
        27 June 2016 18: 06
        0
        “In 1926, M.N. Gernet studied the indicators of drug use by street children in Moscow. Out of 102 respondents, only two answered negatively to the question about drug use. Almost half of the tested street children used tobacco, alcohol and cocaine simultaneously, 40% - two of the above substances, and 13% had one. Almost 100% of the children had no families, as well as no roof over their heads. Of the 150 street children, 106 used cocaine for a long time.

        In prostitutes things were not the best way. In 1924, a survey was conducted among 573 Moscow prostitutes. 410 honestly replied that they have been using drugs for a long time. Of these, two thirds used drugs over 2 years. In Kharkov, among the prostitutes, by the middle of the 1920s, the percentage of drug addicts was even higher - 77%. According to the criminal investigation in 1924, in the glorious city of Penza, out of the total number of prostitutes, 25% constantly used drugs. “Cocaine”, “marafetchitsy” - not only traded themselves, but also offered drugs to customers. Like, "under this thing buzz more."

        All of this has links to sources. And ... bet on the money, which is, huh? I have a photo of a page from a dissertation with you ... a bottle of "island whiskey". When you lose, send to the specified address!
        1. Reptiloid
          Reptiloid 28 June 2016 06: 53
          0
          It seems like you could buy cocaine in pharmacies somehow? Probably the price ratio was different. But the cars were not personal. Yes, and there were no refrigerators. Nobody bought their own apartments.
          1. Uncle Murzik
            Uncle Murzik 29 June 2016 09: 59
            +1
            and how many pharmacies were in county towns, and as you know, cocaine is not produced in Russia! turn on the logic, dear! hi
          2. Uncle Murzik
            Uncle Murzik 29 June 2016 10: 00
            0
            and how many pharmacies were in county towns, and as you know, cocaine is not produced in Russia! turn on the logic, dear! hi
        2. Uncle Murzik
          Uncle Murzik 28 June 2016 08: 39
          0
          you are a natural dreamer as it is possible to judge by prostitutes about drug addiction in society! especially in Penza, how many there were in 1922, three "morphinists" laughingand how many prostitutes were in Kharkov? I don’t like whiskey, I prefer bison or pepper pepper produced in Belarus
          1. kalibr
            28 June 2016 09: 04
            0
            I do not offer you, love at least that! You will send it to me in case of loss! Well, what is weak to argue? After all, it was not about whether it is possible to judge or not, but that it was NOT! Well, argue on a page from a dissertation or weakly?

            so I think what poverty can be after the civil war when cocaine and heroin cost less than alcohol, every hard worker could afford! and even prostitutes go according to the article! belay laughing one word "storytellers" - Here it is, these are your words. You question what it was. I tell you that there is a link to the sources. I suggest you prove it, that ... scary?
            1. Uncle Murzik
              Uncle Murzik 28 June 2016 10: 03
              -1
              Yes, you haven't proved anything to me yet! .. "In the 1920s, the situation in Russia regarding the distribution of drugs became frightening. Drugs began to spread in the working environment, which was simply impossible before. Working people were considered the cleanest in terms of drug use. So, according to the Moscow drug dispensary, in 1924-1925 it was working youth aged 20-25 who were the most active part of cocaine users .... "Throw off the link, please? And why did you draw such conclusions, where it is written in what document! or you will pour water again, Mr. "dreamer"! laughing hi you are like a little child, there is a link, but I will not give it to you! I am sure that you simply do not have links, Mr. "dreamer"!
              1. kalibr
                28 June 2016 12: 01
                -1
                Quote: Uncle Murzik
                you are like a little child, there is a link, but I will not give it to you! I am sure that you simply do not have links, Mr. "dreamer"!

                I will not give free - to go far. Therefore, I propose a dispute. "Even a tuft of wool from a black sheep" - there is such a saying. And look below ...
  • 52
    52 27 June 2016 16: 15
    +2
    Good article, thank you! It’s just in the spirit of TopVar, and even some writings of author’s notes began to resemble LJ.
  • Des10
    Des10 27 June 2016 19: 15
    +1
    "In the largest cities of Russia at that time, only since 1928 drug consumption, and, accordingly, the number of those who use it, began to decline."
    and after 13 years - the war ...
    I think that the majority of the population of the USSR — then — still had other main problems and goals.
  • Andrey VOV
    Andrey VOV 27 June 2016 22: 28
    +1
    Quote: wadim13
    For moonshine needed foods rich in carbohydrates. And with wheat, barley and other grains then it was tight. I’m generally silent about sugar.

    I’m begging you !!! Remember Ostap Bender and his 200 recipes for moonshine ... something, and our people could know the dance from anything!
  • kalibr
    28 June 2016 11: 59
    0
    Quote: Uncle Murzik
    "In the 1920s, the situation in Russia with regard to the distribution of drugs became frightening. Drugs began to spread in the working environment, which was simply impossible before. The working people were considered the cleanest in terms of drug use. So, according to the Moscow drug dispensary, in 1924 –1925 it was working youth aged 20–25 who were the most active part of cocaine users ...


    That is, we argue that I have no links to this? So? That is, I came up with it all? Write then ALL OF THE ABOVE ARE INVENTED and has no links! As you write, we bet, right?
  • Reptiloid
    Reptiloid 28 June 2016 14: 25
    0
    Vyacheslav Olegovich, after all, the 1930s, how much does this coincide with the time of the NEP? When all sorts of bourgeois entertainment appeared. And about drugs in the 1920s, they are mentioned in the works of Russian writers of that time. But the girls, how can we live without them? After all, the "first female profession" never died! They were just different and the prices were different, respectively.
    In general, the topic of carnal pleasures of that time is very interesting. It also comes into contact with other topics. Simplified relations within society. No marriages, no divorces. He said in the housing office that we will live together --- and that's all! With the theme of fashion, cinema, poetry, behavior "big people", probably there was a period of formation, when socialist morality had not yet been fully formed, and there were no social prohibitions and hypocrisy.
    1. kalibr
      28 June 2016 15: 27
      0
      It was precisely on this topic that the Ph.D. thesis was defended in Armavir. You will get DISSERTATIONS ON THE TOPIC OF DEVIANT BEHAVIOR IN RUSSIA IN THE 20-30-ies of the XX century. And you will get several works, including on youth, and on the topic of free love. You won’t be able to see the whole dissertation, it’s for the money, but the abstract is available for free and you all look.
      1. Reptiloid
        Reptiloid 28 June 2016 15: 58
        0
        I’ll definitely take a look in calm time. Thank you. Although I once read some newspaper articles on this subject.
        1. Reptiloid
          Reptiloid 28 June 2016 18: 22
          +1
          While I read about 1917-1920. About the listed defects and crime. The abstract is not that the dissertation. The font is very small, not to enlarge. Because it is free. And I think it's time to return to the works of A.F. Koni, which I’ve read before, but not all. Thank you.
          1. Uncle Murzik
            Uncle Murzik 29 June 2016 10: 05
            0
            so also a summary, but Mr. Shpakovsky’s signature is not? belay laughing
            1. The comment was deleted.
              1. Reptiloid
                Reptiloid 29 June 2016 15: 58
                0
                I thought I’ll write in the evening, but no, I’m worried. In detail. If you write as Vyacheslav advised, you will be offered many options besides that dissertation. I began to open everything in a row, but not everything that was conveniently read, maybe. all sorts of introductions, explanations and fonts I came across blind. There is a lot of material on this subject.
                I read one - with that name, in general the names are different, topics in more detail.
                I'm glad I read it. SO. K. when he doubted the newspapers. Then about 365, History, Top Secret. There seems to be more trust. Why is he satisfied? Because it became clear that our ancestors were ordinary people, not some posters. They there were ordinary human actions, mistakes, errors. They were able to change themselves, improve and became those who defeated the Nazis, who rebuilt the country.
              2. Uncle Murzik
                Uncle Murzik 30 June 2016 05: 19
                0
                stupid one who such crazy articles stamps! laughing
  • bolik
    bolik 29 June 2016 13: 02
    0
    Alcohol and tobacco are also drugs.
  • Razvedchik
    Razvedchik 1 July 2016 00: 06
    0
    These are the disgusting Bolsheviks, even with a dry law, "God-bearing people" shit. And so they would pour bitter and no revolution! Do not care that the Jews on the wine ransom entered even folklore. The aristocracy just saw how the peasants live drinking their crops for a dozen years ahead, the word "bondage" is just about this
    I was especially impressed by how a dozen Penza drugs turned into "Soviet working youth" on a national scale! And son-in-law, godfather, matchmaker? Uritsky - to the Soviet ruling elite! So, taking Ksyushad Sobchak as an example, you can paint this about the Kremlin "cocaine-voyeurists-exhibitionists." So what? It is very attractive to turn out, and most importantly - historical! By the way, you can add Admirala to Uritsky's father-in-law in the campaign, but apparently this way the whole message will disappear.
    And since the material is interesting, if it were not for yellowness a la Spark of the 90s, it’s generally 5 plus.
  • Slender Reed
    Slender Reed 3 August 2016 16: 36
    0
    Methadone is not treated, but converted to legalized consumption.

    There is no physical dependence on hemp and no practical lethal dose, just as there is no destructive effect on the psyche in a typical case.

    The use of substances for amusement is not a natural need and does not appear on its own outside the cultural and everyday life.
    American bootleggers are familiar to everyone - an excellent example of the manifestation of organized crime in dry law. The authors argue that the dry law pushed the bandits to the drug trade. I immediately become curious how the bandits separated by the ocean act in different ways. Or is there a difference in the effectiveness of law enforcement agencies that successfully prevented moonshine in Russia? But, in this case, how such effective bodies could not extend their effectiveness to the drug trade?
    Where did the authors get the statement that Rykov stopped the dry law for the sake of weakening drug use? Are there documents of the relevant authorities about this justification? Or at least Rykov’s secret correspondence with Lenin?
    Without further ado, it’s obvious that they started selling alcohol again for profit.
    Crooked article.