The burning of Jacques de Molay and the Prior of Normandy. Miniature from the chronicles of France Saint Denis. Late 14th century British Library.
As is known, the Order of the Knights Templar arose after the first crusade, namely in 1119 - 1120, it was created in Palestine by the Burgundian knights, and there were only nine of them. Some time later, all the members of this brotherhood made a vow of monasticism to the patriarch of Jerusalem and adopted the appropriate statute, and the king of the Jerusalem kingdom gave them a house near the Muslim mosque, which was located on the very place where King Solomon’s temple was built in biblical times. That is why their order and called the Order of the Templars and the Templars - from the word tampl - the temple.
Map of Jerusalem, 1200 g. From the medieval manuscript. In the right upper quarter of the blue circle, denoting the ring of the city walls of Jerusalem, one can see the “Temple of Solomon” - the residence of the Templars.
After that, the popes, as if competing with one another, began to shower the Order with favors and in every possible way to patronize him. The templars were given the right to build their own churches and even have their own cemeteries. They could not be excommunicated from the church, they also had the right to excommunication imposed by the church, to remove. From church taxes, all their property was released, and the tithe, which they themselves collected, remained entirely in the treasury of the Order.
The Knights of the Temple had their own clergy, which did not depend on the church hierarchs. Thus, the bishops did not have the right to interfere in their lives, to bring the Order to court or to fine its people. None of the spiritual and knightly orders, and then they founded a lot in the Holy Land, did not have such tremendous rights and privileges. Therefore, it is not surprising that very soon the Order began to flourish.
Knight Templar Westminster Psalter. 1250 Bodleian Library. Oxford.
Although the headquarters of the Templars was in Palestine, the Kingdom of Jerusalem was only one of its priory. Exactly the same priory order had in Tripolitania, in Antioch, in Poitou, in England, in the lands of the then French kingdom, Portugal, Aragon, Apulia, Hungary, Ireland, and even in far Poland. As a result, in the second half of the 12th century, the templars got rich so much that it amazed the contemporaries.
Knights with an eight-pointed cross on their chest owned lands, powerful castles, in cities they owned apartment buildings, in the countryside - farms, and they also had an incredible amount of gold. Incredible? Of course, incredible, because in 1192 they paid the English king Richard I for the island of Cyprus a completely unthinkable amount of 100 000 byzantions (800 000 gold rubles). But most importantly, the source of this wealth was not military booty, although it was also considerable, and not donations from naive believers, and not even gifts from the monarchs, who bought the Templar loyalty in this way, but ... the usual usury, erected by templar unprecedented for time level.
Effigy temples in the Taml Church in London.
The fact is that, having Priory in all countries of Europe and in the Middle East, the Templars came up with a cashless transfer of money, in which gold no longer needed to carry with you, but you could receive it by borrowing letters from treasurers in Priorats. And since these Priory as if the web covered the entire Christian world at that time, no other secular moneylender could provide such a service to clients, but it was easy for the templar. In addition, they invented the system of checks and letters of credit to the bearer, and introduced such a concept as “current account”. And they gave out loans to the sovereigns, and on the security of profitable lands, and even state treasures!
London Temple inside.
For example, in 1204, for example, the king of England, John Landless, “deposited” his crown jewels in the London Temple Tample, and in 1220, even the great royal seal of England fell to the English templar, and to attach it to the document , the king had to send people to her to the Templars! Then, in the 1261 year, the crown of the English kings, which was kept by the Templars for ten years, also went there.
In the Paris castle of the Order of the Knights kept the original contract between the French king Louis Saints and the ambassador of the king of England Henry III, concluded in 1258 year. And here you can reasonably assume that, having such significant items, the Templars threatened the monarchs with blackmail - disclosing the contents of some important papers could well cause scandals and even wars between the royal houses of Europe.
Seal of Edward I. Tower of London.
So both the famous Italian and Jewish Renaissance bankers were nothing more than weak imitators of the “poor knights” who once were really so poor that two of them rode one horse! And it is hardly necessary to be surprised that the Templars were the first among Europeans to take gold really seriously. That’s why they perceived the damage of the gold coin, which the French kings repeatedly tried to do, and treated it as sacrilege and resisted it in every way, realizing how much damage their finely tuned financial machine would cause to lower the gold content in the coin.
Penny Edward I 1279-1307's.
And then they struck at all to the French kings a force unprecedented before: they minted and began to keep the gold standard of livre in their Temple. So now any, different from him, the gold coin was declared false and was not accepted by them in the calculations!
However, at that time, while the Templars grew rich and acquired lands in Europe, in Palestine their affairs went very badly. Sultan Saladin took Jerusalem, and in 1291, the Crusaders lost their last fortress in Palestine and were forced to go home. True, the Knights Templar did not suffer much. Their wealth was great, there was a lot of land - what else do brothers and knights need?
Edward I takes ommazh (oath of oath) to the king of France Philip the Handsome 5 June 1286 d. “The Big Chronicle of France”, Jean Fuquet, 1455 - 1460 gg. National Library of France.
But the Templars had a particularly strong position in France, where many of the knights of this order were French nobles or had their ancestors. It was the Templars who served as modern ministers of finance at many royal houses. Everything looked so that it seemed that no trouble could threaten the welfare of the order in principle, but the trouble was already behind them!
King of France Philip IV (1285-1314) Capetian, nicknamed Handsome, sought to unlimited power and could not, of course, even in his thoughts admit that in his country there can exist a force equal to his power with the power of his king! The king’s concern was that the Order in France had too much land and ... money, and, in fact, was a state within a state.
Popular support (oh, this popular support is already!) - “Once rich, it means that it steals” was also on the side of the king. The fact is that in the minds of the people of the Middle Ages the noble origins and knightly prowess were absolutely incompatible with such an occupation as usury, which only Lombards and Jews could do. Therefore, the attitude to the knights-bankers was much worse than to the Italian and Jewish usurers, who were considered despicable people, although the Templars took less percent. The role played by the arrogance of the templar, their contempt for the "old, good" customs and local traditions, as well as the atmosphere of complete secrecy that reigned among them, with which they surrounded all their activities. All this led to the fact that rumors began to arise among the people due to a lack of information. This is always the case, but the Knights Templar did not study Lassuela’s information theory. They began to say that they brought to the East some kind of heresy, that they renounce Christ, worship the cat's head and indulge in Sodom's sin.
"Thin Rumor" - a dangerous thing. It was under the pretext of what was “said” that on the night of 13 on October 1307 of the year, on the orders of the king of France, all the Templars in the country were arrested, and all their property fell under it. The investigation was carried out for several years, and it would even be strange if during this time most of the knights did not confess to the most terrible acts for a Christian: that they worshiped the devil, defiled the holy communion, outraged crucifixion, murdered newborn babies, Sodom sins and many other equally ugly sins.
2 May 1312, Pope Clement V, with his bull, abolished the Order. A significant part of the Templars were sentenced to life imprisonment, and the entire top of the order, at the court refused the previous testimony, as data under torture, condemned to be burned at the stake, as heresy again. It was burned, as is well known, by Jacques de Molay and his associate of the Prior of Normandy, Geoffroy de Charnay.
Alas, a cruel disappointment awaited the king: the treasury of the order disappeared without a trace! And the gold of the Templars is still not found! Until now, the bricklayers are looking for him, historians argue about him, but no one has become richer because of this ...
In 1982 in London, the book “Holy Blood and the Holy Grail” was published, the authors of which G. Lincoln, R. Lee and M. Bagent, as they say, studied the archival documents in depth, and based on them concluded that the official history of the Templars - myth!
In fact, this order was only part of another, so-called ... Order of Zion, which appeared at the turn of the 11th-12th centuries. What was the order, the name of which comes from the name of the Abbey of St. Mary and the Holy Spirit on Mount Zion, with a rigid hierarchy divided into seven degrees? In 1118, his fifth degree - the Crusaders of Saint John - became the Order of the Knights of John of Jerusalem (Hospitallers, Johnish), and almost simultaneously the Templars, and then the Teutonic Order, also stood out from it. That is, all these three orders were only legal parts of an illegal association. Here is how!
Then, with the fall of Palestine, the Order of Zion falls even more into the shadows, but still manages its legal "branches." And, according to the authors, foreseeing the sad fate of the Order of the Templars, the “Zionists” took action. The decision that they took was cruel: not to waste efforts on compromised templar, but to save the main thing - their supranational empire, its wealth and connections.
And, of course, the Order of Zion did not want to give anyone its gold, which only nominally belonged to its branch in the person of the Templars.
And since, according to the authors, the “Zionists” had guessed about future events a few years before they all had happened (and where did such insight come from, didn’t anyone ever let it out?) Then they had time to take out their wealth. And where did they take him? To England, which they chose as a weapon of vengeance against France for ... the destruction of their branch — the Order of the Templar. That's how it is! Therefore, when the Hundred Years War began in 1337, all the money was there. Hence all the military successes of the British. After all, England at that time compared with France was a poor country, and suddenly such military achievements and successes? What "shishi", I ask? But on what - on the "Templar Gold"!
Cathedral of the Assumption of Our Lady of Mount Zion.
The English golden “noble” at the beginning of the Hundred Years War played no less a role than the arrows of the famous English archers. With the help of gold, the English managed to buy the location of Gascon and Bordeaux knighthood, to bribe the municipalities of many French cities, which voluntarily went over to the English monarch; well, and only gold paid for the services of numerous "white" and "free" detachments of archers, which brought fame to England in the battles of Cressy and Poitiers.
Thus, the revenge of the Order of Zion completely succeeded him. Well, and the origin of gold, which suddenly appeared among the British, they say, and today puts historians at a dead end ...
The Grand Seal of Edward III.
But it was impossible to openly transfer the hidden gold to the English king. After all, there was a papal bull, and it was possible to run into excommunication from the church. After all, not only Philip, but also the papal nuncio, with the most careful attention, watched whether a mass of gold of unknown origin would not surface in Europe.
Golden Noble of Edward III, 1369 - 1377 Bode Museum, Berlin.
King Edward I also did not want to be known as a moneymaker for someone else's wealth, and how to be here? How to "wash" hidden gold? The authors claim that the method was proposed by the Grand Master of the Order of Zion, Guillaume de Gisore, who was fond of ... alchemy. In the oldest treatises on alchemy, and they are the Leyden papyruses, which belong to the III-VII centuries, we are talking about various secrets of crafts, but no more. There is not a single word about the so-called metal transmutation. There is no about it in the manuscripts of the subsequent time. But then, from the beginning of the 14th century, for some reason, all alchemists began to write about the transformation of metals into gold. This topic dominates the “studies”, and the authors claim that they know why this insanity has become so widespread and has come to the XVIII century, and in Italy even to the XIX century.
Like, at the beginning of the 14th century, the famous Raymond Llull commissioned the English king Edward I to produce 25 tons (!) Of pure gold! Coins were minted out of it, and analyzes proved that gold of Luliya is truly real ...
Luliya’s official biography is one, but in reality she’s different! Is that stoned him in Africa and in fact. In reality, he never did alchemy. But he had a recognized scientific authority among the scholastics and among the theologians of then-Europe.
Quarterly Noble Edward III, 1361 - 1369 Bode Museum, Berlin.
Perhaps Llull was himself a member of the Order of Zion, which is why he often traveled from country to country, as well as the strange motto inscribed in his portraits: “My light is God himself” and ... on the banner that flew above the last Templar fortress on Middle East. And then Lullius was devoted to intrigue. They say that gold is already in England, and it is only necessary to create the appearance that it was he who did it through alchemical technologies. When deception became true, his mission was completed. He left London in 1307, and Edward I. died the same year.
The ruins of the castle of Corfe in Dorset, where for some time deposed Edward II was kept.
“Zioners” didn’t have anything to do with Edward II - he would have given all the gold to the Dispensers family for unnatural pleasures, but they gave it to his son Edward III, who started the Hundred Years War. Then the English authors write that the “Zion priors” and the church split were staged, and one of the ideologists of Protestantism, Zwingli, was also a member of their order. The Hussites, they say, also appeared for a reason, and the whole Renaissance in Italy is also their handiwork. Great masters of the mysterious Order of Zion were such famous people as Robert Boyle and Isaac Newton himself, and then Joachim Yungius (1587-1654), the founder of the Society of Alchemists.
As a result, the Order of Zion lived to our time. Today, this is something like a club organization that has set itself the goal of restoring the Merovingian dynasty to the French throne (that's how it is!) ). So here it is - one of the world "backstage".
Golden Noble Edward III 1344 d. Diameter 33 mm.
P.S. Well, I would like to finish this story about the secrets of the gold of the Templars on the next note, or rather, an explanation of why the book of these authors was chosen from the entire abundance of literature on this subject. The fact is that, well, suddenly on the TOPWAR website there will be either a writer or a person who considers himself as such and ... this is a ready-made theme for a furious historical novel. Some time ago, the editor of a large publishing house explained to me how to write books for a modern reader. It is necessary that our man, a paratrooper-jock, say, get through the “hole in time” in ... Ancient Rome! There, he beats everyone with his fists, sleeps with Cleopatra, and then comes back. And all this volume in 10 copyright sheets (1 sheet - 40000 characters). And here everything is right on this order: the security guard of the Russian embassy in Paris falls into a “hole in time” and ends up in France just before all these old events. His appearance is seen by the brother of the Order of Zion, well ... "takes into action." Naturally, there were fights, love of a golden-haired and blue-eyed Frenchwoman, and then through the same “hole” with her, he returned back, and gold ... he buried part of the gold in the wall of an abbey and calmly takes it from the wall in the 21st century! Ready, as you can see, the plot, and even what an exciting! I would take it myself, but it is also overloaded with work, so whoever is interested - go ahead!