Military Review

Perspective projects of strategic bombers of different countries

43
The most important component of strategic nuclear forces and strike aviation are long-range strategic missile bombers. A similar technique is in service with several countries and serves their interests. At the same time, the number of operators of long-range bombers has significantly decreased in recent decades. For various reasons, a number of countries have changed their views on the role of such equipment and abandoned it in favor of other attack aircraft. As a result, only three countries in the world are currently developing promising strategic bombers.


The complexity and specificity of the combat use of strategic bombers has led to the fact that at the moment such equipment is used and developed only by Russia, the United States and China. Other states that had similar equipment in service, refused it. Despite current trends in the world, the Russian, American and Chinese air forces continue to operate such aircraft. In addition, work is underway to create new long-range bombers, designed to replace the existing equipment. Consider new projects in this area.

Russia - PAK DA

The plans of the Russian military department imply the repair and modernization of the existing equipment, which will allow its operation to continue. Also, a start has been given to the development of a completely new aircraft with the required characteristics. In the long term, this machine will have to supplement and then replace part of the existing equipment. The new domestic project is known under the name "Advanced Aviation Complex of Long-Range Aviation" (PAK DA).

Perspective projects of strategic bombers of different countries
The alleged appearance of the PAK YES. Photo Militaryrussia.ru


The possibility of creating a new long-range bomber and the appearance of such a machine were considered for a long time, but until a certain time these works had no prospects. Only in the 2007-2008 years began preparations for the future development of the project, which received the symbol PAK DA. It was originally planned that the first aircraft of the new type will be built by the middle of the tenths, and in a few years its operation will begin. In the future, the deadlines for completing the work were repeatedly adjusted.

From the reports of officials it follows that before the 2013, the aviation industry was engaged in the formation of the principal appearance of a promising aircraft. Soon it was planned to begin the development of the project with the definition of all the necessary features of the structure. At that time, the plans meant the start of mass production in the early twenties. In addition, some details of the technical appearance of the new machine were revealed.

It was argued that the new strategic bomber PAK DA will be subsonic. In addition, officials spoke about the superiority of this car over the existing Tu-160 in terms of weight and capabilities of the combat load. Such information about the project could be additional evidence in favor of one of the common versions of the possible appearance of the aircraft. There is a widespread version that the PAK DA will be built according to the “flying wing” scheme, which will give it certain advantages over other equipment. First of all, this architecture allows to increase the internal volume of the structure, ensuring the growth of the payload and fuel supply. In addition, it is possible to reduce visibility for the detection of the enemy.

On the basis of published data and various estimates, an assumption was made about the possibility of creating an aircraft with a take-off weight of no more than 150 t and a payload of at least 30 t. order 15-20 t.

In the middle of 2015, it became known that the customer and industry experts had completed preliminary work on the engine for PAK DA, after which a contract was signed for a preliminary design of the required product. Draft design of the engine required to submit before the end of the year. Approximate characteristics of this system, however, were not called.

The maximum speed of the new car can be estimated at 1000-1100 km / h with the possibility of cruising at lower speeds. The range must be greater than 11-12 thousand. Km. Like other domestic long-range bombers, the PAK DA will have to receive an in-flight refueling system capable of significantly increasing the flight range.

There is reason to believe that the PAK DA can carry some weapons systems already used by long-range aircraft. Thus, it is possible to preserve the possibility of using air-launched cruise missiles of the X-55 family, as well as the use of new X-101. Earlier it was claimed that under the new program it is planned to create new models of high-precision guided weapons of the air-to-surface and air-to-air classes. Reported some progress in creating such systems.

Due to the numerous difficulties that accompany the creation of all new projects, the timeline for the implementation of the PAK DA program has repeatedly shifted. Thus, at the time of the commencement of the preliminary work, it was claimed that the first flight of the prototype aircraft would take place in 2015. In the future, these terms were repeatedly postponed. According to the latest reports related to last year, the first test flight of the new machine is to be held in 2019 year. By 2023, it is planned to complete the tests and begin mass production of equipment. In addition, it was mentioned that in 2023-24 the first flight of a bomber equipped with standard engines should take place.

According to recent reports, the development of the project PAK DA continues. The works are occupied by the firm "Tupolev" and a number of other scientific and design organizations of the aviation industry. At the moment, the military and contractors are keeping secrecy and are not in a hurry to disclose the details of the new project. As a result, many questions remain unanswered, which provokes the emergence of various assumptions, forecasts, etc.

About three years are left before the scheduled date of the first flight of the PAK DA bomber. This may mean that the design is successfully moving ahead and brings closer the start of construction of the prototype aircraft. Accordingly, the possible announcement of the basic information about the project, which will close some of the existing issues, however, will be the reason for new disputes and discussions is approaching.

Due to the lack of frequent reports on the progress of the PAK DA project and its technical details, it remains only to wait news and hope that the development of a new strategic bomber will not face new problems that could lead to another schedule change. At the moment, we recall, the first flight of a prototype aircraft is scheduled for the end of this decade, and by the mid-twenties, the Air Force will begin mastering serial equipment.

USA - B-21

The American project to create a new long-range bomber started in the middle of the two thousandth, but so far has not led to the emergence of a new technology. During this time, the project managed to change several names: Bomber 2018 (for the year of the proposed first flight), Next-Generation Bomber (NGB) and, finally, Long-Range Strike - Bomber (LRS-B). Under the last name, the project has reached the stage of choosing a development organization and is likely to be brought up to the required mass production with subsequent supplies of equipment to the air force.


The only official image of Northrop Grumman B-21. Photo of Wikimedia Commons


During the existence of the project, requirements for new aircraft were issued, which have repeatedly undergone certain changes. According to the available data, individual points of the requirements were adjusted, while the main features of the technical specifications remained unchanged. In accordance with the latest version of the technical specification, issued a few years ago, the contracting companies had to create their own versions of preliminary projects, which were then required to submit to the customer for consideration.

The desire to participate in the new program was expressed by two developers. One of the variants of the LRS-B project was to be developed by Northrop Grumman, and the second was created jointly by Boeing and Lockheed Martin. At the required time, they completed the preliminary design and submitted the necessary documentation to the Pentagon for comparison and selection of the developer of a full-fledged project.

The decision of the commission responsible for the selection of the contractor was originally planned to be announced in the second quarter of 2015. Nevertheless, this event was postponed several times for one reason or another. Only at the end of October 2015, the US Air Force announced the selection of the winner of the competition. The contract to develop a promising bomber decided to give the company Northrop Grumman. A few days after the announcement of such a decision, Boeing and Lockheed Martin filed a protest, but in February 2016 was rejected, and Northrop-Grumman specialists were able to continue working without any difficulties related to the actions of third parties and organizations.

A few months ago, the designation of a new aircraft was announced. The result of the LRS-B program will receive the official designation B-21. In addition, at the end of September, the results of the competition for the choice of the project name should be announced. Various names are offered, but so far the military has not decided on the choice.

The first contract of the Pentagon and Northrop Grumman stipulates the development of a full-fledged project with the further construction and testing of an experienced aircraft. In addition, the contract involves the construction of a certain number of bombers of the first batch. The existing contract has a value of 21,4 billion dollars. In the future, it is possible the emergence of new contracts for the supply of serial equipment, which will lead to an increase in the total cost of the project to 80 billion.

The technical details of the LRS-B / B-21 project have not yet been disclosed. Nevertheless, the company-developer has already published an image of a promising aircraft, corresponding to the current appearance of the project. The publication of the figure confirmed some earlier assumptions, and also refuted other options.

The present image shows an airplane built according to the “flying wing” scheme, with swept planes and the smoothest possible outlines. Characteristic features of the design of the drawn bomber are large air intakes in the central part of the aircraft, rectangular cantilevers and a broken rear edge of the wing. The similar appearance of the aircraft suggests that the basis of the new project is the requirements for reducing the visibility for detection tools. In addition, such an aircraft can only be subsonic.

For obvious reasons, it is not yet possible to draw any conclusions about the geometric, weight, or other parameters of a promising machine. It is already known that the aircraft B-21 can carry existing and advanced weapons of various classes. Also referred to the possibility of developing the project by creating an unmanned modification.

The existing contract implies completion of the design with subsequent testing of the prototype and the construction of the first batch of equipment. By the middle of the next decade, the United States Air Force should get the 21 new car. For the development of the project and the construction of the first batch of aircraft Northrop Grumman will receive 21,4 billion dollars at the cost of each aircraft at the level of 560 million dollars. In the future we plan to order another batch of 80 bombers. Given the development, testing, etc. 100 billions are planned to be spent on the entire construction program of 80 machines. Completion of the supply of such equipment belongs to the end of the thirties.

China - H-20

At present, the long-range aviation of the People’s Republic of China uses only H-6 bombers of various modifications, which are a further development of the Soviet Tu-16 aircraft. Despite all the innovations and improvements, such equipment can not be fully considered modern and requires replacement. A project of the strategic bomber H-20 is currently being developed for the re-equipment of the Chinese long-range aviation. Also, in some sources, the new aircraft is referred to as HX.


One of the drawings, which are considered the image of the Xian H-20. Figure Theaviationist.com


The Chinese army and defense industry traditionally do not rush to disclose the details of their new projects, because of which there is very little information about the promising bomber. There are only fragmentary information about the development of a new aircraft designed to replace existing technology, as well as various assumptions about its appearance and characteristics. You can also meet and assessments related to the development of the project. Such assumptions sometimes receive direct or indirect confirmation.

According to reports, the development of a promising long-range bomber began relatively long ago, at the beginning of the last decade. In 2008, it was decided to create a new project. At the same time determined the developer. The design and construction of the new machine was entrusted to Xian Aircraft Industrial Corporation, which has extensive experience in creating bombers of various classes. In addition, some sources mention the involvement of the aircraft company "Shenyang".

Due to the lack of official and confirmed data, the H-20 / HX project remains a subject of controversy and speculation. With enviable regularity, more and more new publications appear in the foreign press with possible variants of the appearance of a promising machine. The lack of necessary information again leads to the fact that the most diverse, including mutually exclusive versions, are offered.

There is a version according to which the aircraft H-20, as well as the latest foreign developments in the field of long-range aviation, will be built according to the “flying wing” scheme. In this case, it will be a subsonic long-range bomber with the ability to carry existing and developed bombs and missiles of various types. Flight range is estimated at 10-11 thousand. Km. It is difficult to predict other parameters of such an aircraft.

In favor of the version of the H-20 in the form of a "flying wing" are very controversial indirect evidence. In 2011, in the United States, designer Nosir Govadi was convicted of spying for China. For a long time, he worked at Northrop Grumman and participated in the development of the B-2 Spirit aircraft. The espionage case can be considered in the context of the latest Chinese developments. In this case, the conclusion is made about the use of information obtained through N. Govadi when developing a promising long-range bomber.

During the past few years, several drawings and mock-ups depicting a different version of the promising Chinese strike aircraft have been actively discussed several times. So, in the spring of last year, two computer drawings of a certain strike aircraft came into free access. They depicted a medium-sized machine with an integral layout of the fuselage and wing, expressed wing consoles and tail tail in the form of two collapsed carinae, which also have some stabilizer functions. The drawings suggest that such an aircraft can be equipped with two turbojet engines with air intake devices on the upper surface of the fuselage, above the wing inflows.

The images show that such a bomber will be able to carry weapons on an external sling, although it is possible to use internal cargo compartments. It should be noted that the proportions of the painted aircraft may not match the expected appearance of the strategic bomber. Thus, the proposed version of the long-range bomber may actually be a new development in the field of front-line percussion machines. The Chinese industry, which is not at all surprising, does not comment on the published images and does not announce any details of the new project.

According to the popular version, at present the Chinese aviation industry is developing a new project, and by the end of this decade plans to complete the design, as well as build the first prototype. By the early twenties, the experienced H-20 could take to the air. The next few years will be spent on fine-tuning the project and preparing for mass production. The start of operation of the new bomber belongs to the 2025 year.

If such assumptions correspond to the real state of affairs, then we can expect that in the middle of the next decade, specialists and the public will be able to see the real H-20 / HX in its real form. However, it is not possible to exclude earlier leaks of information, images, drawings or photographs. Currently, such materials are not available, it remains only to expect their publication.

***

Three new long-range bomber projects are currently being developed. Perspective projects PAK YES, B-21 and H-20 have a number of common features, however, they are distinguished by one or other details. The most notable similarity of all three projects can be considered the start of work at about the same time. The preliminary study of three aircraft began in the second half of the last decade, and by now the projects have reached the next stages. In addition, it is impossible not to note the possible emergence of three new cars at the same time - at the end of this decade.

Another similarity of the three programs is a strict atmosphere of secrecy with the disclosure of a minimum amount of information. Despite the continuation of work over several years, a significant amount of information is still not disclosed, which does not allow to build a complete picture, but also provokes the emergence of new and new versions that may coincide with the actual results of projects or significantly differ from them.

To evaluate the similarities of the three promising aircraft in terms of technical features is not yet possible. There are only a few statements by officials and literally a couple of images, which is not enough for a full comparison. Nevertheless, it is known that Russian and American bombers may have certain similarities in the form of subsonic flight speed and the widespread use of means of reducing visibility. Whether such signs are present in the Chinese development is unknown, but it can be assumed that they exist.

New projects will be developed over the next few years. This means that new official statements, information leaks, etc., may soon appear. Each such event will allow you to create and refine the existing picture describing a particular project under consideration. Finally, by the year 2020 we should expect an official demonstration of new technology. In the meantime, it remains to wait for new messages and continue to try to determine the appearance of new strategic bombers.


On the materials of the sites:
http://ria.ru/
http://tass.ru/
https://theaviationist.com/
http://globalsecurity.org/
http://airforcemag.com/
http://flightglobal.com/
http://thediplomat.com/
http://militaryrussia.ru/blog/topic-270.html
Author:
43 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. ImPerts
    ImPerts 20 June 2016 07: 32
    +5
    Tanks are also more or less the same in their appearance. Tu-160 and B-1 are not radically different either. AK and the stormtrooper are periodically called father and son. Well and so on. Why worry about the similarities in appearance? The main thing is inside)))
    1. mirag2
      mirag2 22 June 2016 04: 32
      0
      All planes shown in the photo are different.
  2. svp67
    svp67 20 June 2016 07: 43
    +2
    The most noticeable similarity of all three projects can be considered the start of work at about the same time.
    An interesting criterion for evaluating projects, in terms of similarity.
  3. Zaurbek
    Zaurbek 20 June 2016 08: 43
    +2
    The Chinese is handsome!
    1. the47th
      the47th 20 June 2016 09: 19
      0
      The article says that it may not be a bomber. I believe that the wings are small for a bomber, which means either the load will be small or the range.
      1. Beefeater
        Beefeater 20 June 2016 19: 41
        0
        Quote: the47th
        The article says that it may not be a bomber. I believe that the wings are small for a bomber, which means either the load will be small or the range.

        Or the speed is big.
    2. Alexez
      Alexez 20 June 2016 11: 44
      +2
      Beautiful and contradictory at the same time! Well, why was it so bad for "stealth" if rockets are suspended under the wings, which reduce this stealth to zero? Well, the dimensions of course do not allow us to say that he is still a "distant", especially a "Bomber". Although the pictures on the Internet are nothing more than the fantasies of designers, remember how many pictures of Armata there were until she was shown at the parade!
      1. chebman
        chebman 20 June 2016 21: 33
        0
        Do not think that the Chinese are stupid. They, as well as Americans and Russians, are able to absorb state billions. In the budget of the Chinese military-industrial complex for 2017, a line has already been added to R&D on the placement of missiles inside the fuselage.
  4. Old26
    Old26 20 June 2016 08: 49
    +2
    Quote: Zaurbek
    The Chinese is handsome!

    I don’t know how others, but this strategist reminds me more of a larger fighter
    1. venik
      venik 20 June 2016 15: 11
      +1
      Quote: Old26
      Quote: Zaurbek
      The Chinese is handsome!

      I don’t know how others, but this strategist reminds me more of a larger fighter


      Rather, it’s something averages between the FB-111 and Tu-22M3, only with unchanged geometry and reduced EPR (in connection with this, external-mounted missiles are especially touching !!!).

      This is not a "strategist" at all (well, or a "strategist" in Chinese terms), but an average bomber! Very similar to what was leaked into print 3 years ago: see: http://raigap.livejournal.com/243494.html
  5. Zaurbek
    Zaurbek 20 June 2016 09: 14
    0
    And what reminds you of the Tu-22M3?
  6. Woland
    Woland 20 June 2016 09: 21
    0
    As you know, the greatest fear is the unknown. So the "American" with his unusual appearance is called upon to instill great fears in his opponents. But it is not the form that is important, but the content Let's see later how the form corresponds to its content
  7. demiurg
    demiurg 20 June 2016 09: 22
    +4
    Score TTX drawings by an unknown artist. Good analysis, however.
  8. Taoist
    Taoist 20 June 2016 10: 41
    +4
    The Chinese are most likely making a fool of the people ... in any case, what exactly should not be there with such external forms, these are weapon pylons. Because what for you need a STEELS if the external pendants glow like a corner reflector. Now any "strategist" is only the internal suspension of the weapon. All the rest? Well, again, what a concept of a breakthrough to the goal. Judging by the appearance, both our car and China are the possibility of a low-altitude breakthrough at supersonic. The American one is just like the B2 - extremely quiet and slow in the expectation that they will not be detected. I'm not sure if this will work, as you know, complete invisibility does not exist and on any Stealth there is a range in which it also glows ...
  9. Verdun
    Verdun 20 June 2016 10: 57
    +3
    In my opinion, with the available technologies, it makes sense to create only two types of strategic bombers.
    1. Barrage, capable of staying in the air for a long time, economically consuming fuel and providing the crew with comfortable flight conditions, due to the long time spent in the air. Such a bomber should be armed with long-range missiles, and in large numbers. His task is to launch these missiles on purpose in the event of a war, after which, most likely, they will die with honor.
    2. Hypersonic breakthrough bomber. Such a machine should have a high cruising speed (of the order of 2-4m), perhaps in its design there may be stealth elements to reduce visibility. There is no sense in a large number of ammunition, since it is unlikely that such a bomber will be allowed to make an approach to several targets. But the means of protection against air defense, such as various shot traps and electronic warfare equipment, should be in abundance.
    For all other cases (stealth, low-flying, etc.) cruise missiles are better suited.
    1. NIKNN
      NIKNN 20 June 2016 23: 49
      +2
      From the article, I understood only one thing "EVERYTHING IS HORRIBLY SECRET" and even my personal thoughts about how the planes can be flavored with the same.
      The only worthwhile analysis is the one in the comments. (Verdun). There was an idea to talk about cruising supersonic, but based on the fact that the breakthrough plane really should have hypersound, the question fell away ...
  10. voyaka uh
    voyaka uh 20 June 2016 10: 58
    +10
    The Chinese in areas where they feel lagging, do not fantasize,
    and copy the industry leader.
    The Americans make a flying wing - and China will have a flying wing.
    The States will come up with a "flying saucer" - and the Chinese will repeat the saucer ... smile
    1. Alexez
      Alexez 20 June 2016 11: 48
      +1
      And in and do not agree with you. The Chinese can copy perfectly from the available samples, and so to copy from scratch is called a new development.
      1. voyaka uh
        voyaka uh 20 June 2016 15: 42
        +4
        I wrote without irony over the Chinese.
        They do it right: while you study, copy the best
        samples. You can’t copy - design a similar one
        model. When you "fill your hand" - fantasize.
    2. Verdun
      Verdun 20 June 2016 12: 18
      +2
      Quote: voyaka uh
      The Chinese in areas where they feel lagging, do not fantasize,
      and copy the industry leader.

      They used to say that about the Japanese.))
    3. Taoist
      Taoist 20 June 2016 12: 56
      +3
      Well, in any case, according to the drawing, something is imperceptible that China in this case would copy the scheme of a flying wing ... It is quite a "classic" layout.
      Well, and about the fact that the B-2 is a "role model" I personally have big doubts.
      1. Verdun
        Verdun 20 June 2016 13: 43
        +1
        Quote: Taoist
        Well, and about the fact that the B-2 is a "role model" I personally have big doubts.

        During his military service in the air defense had the opportunity to carry out the posting of various NATO aircraft. In my humble opinion, a plane really worthy of respect is the CP-71. Intercepting it, even with modern air defense systems, is quite problematic. If it is possible to hang a rocket on something like that, there will be a serious problem.
        1. Taoist
          Taoist 20 June 2016 15: 21
          +1
          "Drozdy" is Mach 3 - in principle, it is achievable for modern complexes. But the problem is that at these speeds, the reaction time is also greatly reduced. Therefore, we, too, have always built machines capable of rushing to the target from under the radio horizon on supersonic ... The United States took a different path. And they completely abandoned the "race for speed" - as a result, now by the era of hypersonic we have a certain head start.
          1. Verdun
            Verdun 20 June 2016 18: 30
            0
            Quote: Taoist
            as a result, now to the era of hypersound we have a certain head start.

            Eh, if there was even the slightest chance "weaving" to reach the series ... Many believe that even now such a machine would be very useful.
          2. Simple
            Simple 22 June 2016 17: 29
            0
            Please explain about the "head start"?
            It is somehow not observed: neither by tests, nor by launches, nor by publications ...
            Only about Yu-71 is not necessary please!
            "YU"?
            "Gorgeous @ GRAU index mu other things.
            :(
  11. Tsoy
    Tsoy 20 June 2016 11: 25
    +1
    B2 cost a fucking cloud of money, built units. I do not believe that you can for 500 mil. dead presidents build a car no worse. And what's the point? A couple of dozens of such expensive cars that will break through the air defense? and free-fall bombs spitting from a height? I think for the USA there is little sense in this project, with their fleet and mine mbr.
    1. Vadim237
      Vadim237 20 June 2016 14: 39
      +2
      These planes will strike at the enemy when most of the air defense systems are destroyed, B2 can now use AGM-154 bombs with a range of 200 kilometers and AGM-158B JASSM-ER missiles with a range of 980 kilometers, B21 is likely to carry hypersonic strategic winged rockets.
      1. Tibidokh
        Tibidokh 20 June 2016 16: 40
        +2
        Quote: Vadim237
        B2 can now use AGM-154 bombs with a range of 200 kilometers and AGM-158B JASSM-ER missiles with a range of 980 kilometers

        Right. Only now 980 kilometers is possible only on the highest flight path of the rocket, as well as the carrier. And the distance is 980 km. allows even non-stealth aircraft to launch missiles with relative impunity. The B-1, for example, also carries the AGM-158A and AGM-158B JASSM-ER.
        Quote: Vadim237
        The B21 will most likely carry hypersonic strategic cruise missiles.

        Here I disagree. I believe that the missiles will be either strategic (5500 km) or hypersonic. I believe that the hypersonic missile "eats" so much fuel that the range will be reduced significantly.
        For example, X-101/102 has a turbofan engine-50, which has a specific consumption of 0,71 kg / kgf * h. I read somewhere that NASA was testing an engine with a specific consumption of about 5 kg / kgf * h.
        In addition, the incredible heating of the structure will lead to the use of ablative materials.
        And in addition, cooling requires either a refrigerant, which will increase weight and reduce range, or use fuel as a refrigerant, which in the final section of the trajectory will make the rocket subsonic.
        On May 1, 2013, the United States successfully tested a missile over the Pacific Ocean. [8] [9] It was launched from a B-52 aircraft flying from Edwards Air Force Base and reached a height of 18200 meters, where it developed a speed corresponding to Mach 5,1. The flight lasted for six minutes, during which the rocket flew a distance of 426 kilometers. This test flight was the longest and most successful of all conducted.

        Here is a more or less real range of hypersonic missiles, in my opinion.
        With respect! hi
        1. Vadim237
          Vadim237 20 June 2016 17: 28
          0
          As for materials for a hypersonic rocket - it eats refractory materials, at a speed of 10 M the skin is heated to 1200 degrees, - Molybdenum - melting point 2620 degrees, Tungsten - 3422 degrees, Tantalum - 3017 degrees or Tantalum carbide 3880 degrees, with the help of the latter there is already an opportunity print missile casings on 3D printers - since the material is powder metallurgy, they will most likely put GTTRDs or hypersonic rocket engines with the first acceleration and the second marching ones on hypersonic missiles.
          1. Simple
            Simple 22 June 2016 17: 31
            +1
            At 10m at an altitude of up to 20km there will be 5000K!
            The truth is not right away
          2. yehat
            yehat 24 June 2016 11: 47
            0
            the question is not only in resistance, but also in heating, which does not dissipate.
            after 5 minutes of the flight, the rocket will be completely heated.
            Can you imagine what will happen to rocket fuel when heated to at least 500 degrees?
      2. Tsoy
        Tsoy 20 June 2016 17: 00
        0
        in sense when all air defense is destroyed? Why tggda stealth? there is no logic in it ...
        1. Tibidokh
          Tibidokh 20 June 2016 17: 05
          0
          Quote: Choi
          But why then stealth?

          Firstly, to make the crew calmer.
          Secondly, to develop the budget.
          Thirdly, it is not always possible to destroy absolutely all air defense / missile defense. An example is Yugoslavia, on what day of the war did Knight Hawk get shot down?
          With respect!
          1. Tsoy
            Tsoy 20 June 2016 17: 16
            0
            And how many simple aircraft without stealth technology shot down air defense in Yugoslavia? Purely statistically, the ratio of efficiency is not very big, it turns out ... Just stealth has the right to life, but the cost and the number of samples depending on it in service is minimal. A dozen 2 B2 virtually no effect on the combat capability of the US air force. But the cost of their construction flew a pretty penny. I do not scold all overseas, but with B2 they obviously did not work. Yes, the plane is valid, but the loss of at least one will force a couple of hundred employees of the tax and accounting department of the Ministry of Defense to die of a heart attack. I mean that there are other delivery methods today. I do not think that on Day X there will be a lot of things that depend on the bombers. So what about the development of the budget quite agree. Well, and can still save technology and the production of this type of la.

            Mutually...
            1. Vadim237
              Vadim237 20 June 2016 21: 35
              0
              Then the question arises - and then why are they working on stealth technologies and the whole world is working on these technologies?
            2. Alex_Tug
              Alex_Tug 21 June 2016 03: 01
              0
              Yes, the plane is valid, but the loss of at least one will cause a couple of hundred employees of the tax and accounting department of the Ministry of Defense to die from a heart attack

              One is already lost.
        2. yehat
          yehat 24 June 2016 11: 46
          0
          stealth is needed in order to minimize all sorts of accidental losses
          no one will stealth on the through breakthrough of the Moscow air defense system at low altitude
  12. Atlant-1164
    Atlant-1164 20 June 2016 12: 52
    +2
    I would say so .. not all the gold that glitters. the functional part is important rather than the external design of the aircraft.
  13. avg-mgn
    avg-mgn 20 June 2016 13: 37
    +1
    Thank you for the article. I read with interest, something that needs to be put on the shelves. I will return to the discussion.
  14. cdznjckfd
    cdznjckfd 20 June 2016 16: 24
    0
    Apparently now everyone is developing how to steal what others have developed.
  15. Vladimir61
    Vladimir61 20 June 2016 18: 39
    0
    The Chinese army and defense industry have traditionally been in no hurry to reveal the details of their new projects, which is why there is very little data on the promising bomber.
    And who, the representatives of the Russian defense industry, is "pulling the tongue"? Why run ahead of a locomotive?
  16. dmitriyruss
    dmitriyruss 20 June 2016 21: 57
    0
    We were stuffed with fake PAK FA photos for about 10 years, I won’t be surprised that PAK YES will look completely different than the one pictured
  17. Old26
    Old26 20 June 2016 23: 42
    0
    Quote: Zaurbek
    And what reminds you of the Tu-22M3?

    Bomber, unlike the Chinese strategist
  18. gridasov
    gridasov 28 November 2016 12: 18
    0
    Hypersonic flight speeds are not only physical effects associated with such fast-flowing processes. These are also completely new levels of density of "informational events" per unit of time. The density of such events multiplies. The algorithm of their interrelated transformations is changing. Now let's see if there is at least one mathematical methodology for substantiating and describing such complex and information-intensive processes? Of course not. Therefore, the path to achieving hyper-high speeds through the search for new materials that can withstand unstoppable and unanalyzed loads is a path stretched out for centuries and does not have a vector of consistent scientific research. The conclusion is simple. Aircraft of all subsequent generations are a bluff and manipulation of public consciousness in the name of siphoning funds from state budgets. Nothing new and worthwhile is foreseen until there is a theory of analysis of processes of a new level.